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EARTHIAN

2014
SRI KUMARANS
CHILDRENS HOME
CBSE
SUSTAINABILITY AND
WATER
TEAM MEMBERSNISCHITH SHADAGOPAN M N
SUHAS V
SHASHWAT GOSH
VIVEK G ADRAKATTI

Nearly a billion people worldwide lack


clean drinking water
How long can we go to the well -before it
runs dry?

y up the river of all its water leaving Bangalore thirsty


and repentant.
If we think about it, and look around we can see that all of
these buildings and this rapid urbanization is unplanned
and unaccounted for. As discussed earlier, these buildings
use bore well

gsrgararerha

TASK1 FLOW OF
WATER
- DRINKING
WATER FOUN
TAINS
- GARDENS
- SWIMMING
POOL
- KITCHEN
-

SEWAGE
TREATMENT

SOURCESINCHARGE
- WATER TANKERS
- BOREWELLS
- RAIN WATER HARVESTING

STORAGE- UNDERGROUND STORAGE


- OVERHEAD TANKS

USAGE- TOILETS
- CLEANING
- COOKING
- SWIMMING POOL
- DRINKING WATER FOUNTAINS

DISPOSAL-WATER IS TREATED AND USED


FOR GARDENING

WATER FLOW

SF i o l t u r c e s :
UW s a e t de r g o e s
Rrt oa W t H , B o r
Eet o rv eg r a y r wd eh n i n g
eir o w e l l s
ega rno e ed s s o m e
an n d
etp o xa cr te pi s t s t o r e d
Tg a n k e r s
GS T a P r d e n i n
eg

TASK2 WATER
CONSUMPTION

Around 25% is used in toilets for washing hands, flushing


toilets and faucets. There are 24 toilets, out of which 16
are in the junior block and 8 are in the senior block.
Boys washrooms- 6
Girls washrooms-6
Womens washrooms-6
Mens washrooms- 6

9%
34%

5%

50%
JUNIOR BLOCK

SENIOR BLOCK

Men

Women

Boys

50%

52%

Girls

School kitchens use water to cook delicious food


Cafeterias have drinking fountains and taps for hand
wash
Water fountains are sources for drinking water for
everyone
at school
Gardens use recycled water for trees and ornamental
plants.
Swimming pools use large amounts of water that are
continuously recycled at the STP.
Water is also used for mopping floors and cleaning
the classroom blackboards.
As far as we know, there are no leakages in the
school
Most water used in labs is consumed in the 2
chemistry and 2 biology labs of the senior block, and
the general science lab of the junior block.

% usage at each end-use location(Annual)

25%

25%

1%
0%
1%

18%

31%

Toilets

Gardening

Swimming Pool

Cafeteria

Drinking

Cleaning

Labs

Consumption of water [liters]


750

3000

4300

Boys

Girls

Teachers

The
boys use around 3000 liters a day in comparison to the
4300 liters the girls use.
The teachers use around 500 to 900 liters a day.

Other areas of water usage:

Gardening
Swimming pool
Kitchens
Science labs
Drinking water

4000
Girls
90

2900
Boys
150

500

1000

1500

2000

No of students

For cleaning- Mopping -

2500

3000

3500

Column1

728471 liters a year

Blackboards - 11250 liters a year


Classrooms - 6250 liters a year
Buses -

552000 liters a year

4000

4500

Water for Cleaning


Mopping Corridors

Blackboards

Classrooms

Buses

552000

6250

728471

11250

Overall water
consumption

Liters
per week

Chemistry
lab
Biology lab
Physics lab
Total water
The swimming pool uses around 5, 20,000 liters of water
a day. This water is reused by the second, but only for the
pool. The water supervisors Giri, Naresh and Muthu gave
us the required information to conduct our research.

TASK3 THE QUALITY OF


WATER

Maximum permissible limitsColo


ur

Turbidit
y

Sm
ell

Suspend
ed
solids

Hardnes
s

Fluoride
test

Bacterial
Content
(salmonell
a)

Residu
al
chlorid
e

Fluoride
test

Bacterial
Content
(salmonell
a)

Residu
al
chlorid
e

Swimmi
ng
pool
Drinkin
g
water
Tap
water
Recycle
d
Water
Rain
water

Maximum desirable limitsColo


ur

Turbidit
y

Sm
ell

Suspend
ed
solids

Hardnes
s

Swimmi
ng
pool
Drinkin
g
water
Tap
water
Recycle
d
Water
Rain
water

Results-

Colo
ur

Turbidit
y

Sm
ell

Suspend
ed
solids

Hardnes
s

Fluoride
test

Bacterial
Content
(salmonell
a)

Swimmi
ng
pool
Drinkin
g
water
Tap
water
Recycle
d
Water
Rain
water

All these tests were done with the testing kit provided by
Jal Tara.

TASK4 RAIN WATER


HARVESTING

Residu
al
chlorid
e

Our school has a unique system of rain water harvesting.


Mr. Sridhar gave us the details of this system.

Swimming poolThe swimming pool uses around 5,20,000 liters a day.


This water is reused by the second but sent back to the
pool. The water supervisors Giri, Naresh and Muthu gave
us the required information to conduct our research.

During the summer season, the school relies mainly on


tankers, which bring in around 4344000 liters [724
tankers*6000 liters each] for consumption. This vast
amount of water drastically reduces during the rainy
season and the tankers bring in around 3048000 liters
[508 tankers*6000 liters each