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VERTICAL MILLING IN THE HOME WORKSHOP
VERTICAL MILLING
IN THE
HOME WORKSHOP
Arnold Throp C . Eng .• F. I.Mech . E.
Arnold Throp
C . Eng .• F. I.Mech . E.

ARGUS BOOKS

Argus Books

Argus Books

Argus House

Argus House

Bounda ry W ay

Hemel Hempstead

Hemel Hempstead

Hertfordshire HP2 7ST

Hertfordshire HP 2 7ST

England

Eng la nd

Boundary Way

First published 1977

Second impression 1979

Second im pression 1979

Second edition 1984

Sec ond edi ti o n 1984

Reprinted 1986, 1988,1989,1990,1991,1993

Rep rin ted 1986,

First published 1977

1988, 1989, 1990, 1991 . 1993

© Argus Books Ltd 1977

©

A rg us

Books Ltd 1977

All rights re~erved.No part of this publication may be

All r ights

rep roduced In any form by print, photography, microfilm

reprod uced in any f o rm by pr int.

photography, microfilm

or any other means without written permission from the

or any othe r mean s wi thout written permiss ion from the

publisher.

publisher.

reserved . No

p art

of

this

public ation

­

m ay be

ISBN

ISB N 0 852 42

085242 843 )<

843

x

Phototypesetting by Performance Typesetting, Milton Keynes

Photot ypesetti ng by Perf o rm ance T ypesetting,

Milton Key nes

P~ Print inted ed and and bound bound in i n Great G reat Britain Br itain by by

Biddies Ltd , Guildford and King's Lyn n

K in g 's Lynn

Biddies Ltd . Guil dfo rd and

CONTENTS

CONTENTS

Chapter One

Chap er One

Chapter Tw o

Chapter Two

Chapter Th ree

Chapter Three

Chap te r

Chapter Four

Four

Chapter Five

Chapter Five

EVOLUTION OF THE VERTICAL MILLER

EVOLUTION OF THE VERTICAL MILLER

12

12

Early

Early history

early sma ll lathes: mi lling

early small lathes: milling attachments for lathes

th e

f industrial machines : mill ing in the

history of indu strial

m achines: milling in

attachmen ts for lat hes

circa 19 20s: E.T, W estbu ry's

19205: E.T. Westbury's

circa

experimental machine

experimenta l mach ine

1964 : the Dare-W estbury m achine 1968: cu rre ntly

curre ntly

1964

: the

Dore-Westburv

mach ine

1968:

avail able

available small machines and attachments.

sma ll

machi nes

and attach ments,

MILLING FLAT SURFACES

MILLING FLAT SURFACES

Surfaces

Surface

f1ycutt ers :

flycutters:

multiple -tooth

multiple-tooth

27

27

fixed-radius

fixed -radius

f lycu tting:

flycutting:

m ultip le­

face mills: work holding: mUltiple-

face

side

pass mill ng ' surfaces square with table: uSing side

of

of

pass

paralle l

parallel

to

to

table:

table:

simple

simple

var iab le-rad ius

variable-radius

bor ing

bo ri ng

h ead

head

m ills:

work

holding:

mi lling:

surfaces

square w it h table : using

end mill.

endm lll .

SLITTING AND CUTTING

SLITTI NG

Use of slitting saw

Use of slit ing saw for cut ing through machinery

straps :

marine

for cutting through machinery

component

sheaves and straps:

mar ine type big ends of connecting

component

AN D

big

CUTTIN G

ends

of

35

3 5

bosses : eccentric

bosses : eccentric

sheaves

rods.

rods.

and

type

connect ing

KEYWAY CUTTING

KEYWAY CUTTI NG

round ended 'feath er' keyways : keyways

Endmilling round ended feat er' kevways: keyways

Endmill ing

37

37

on taper shafts : use of disc tvoe cutters for plain

on

taper shafts use of disc type cutters for plain

making

making

Woodruff cutters in the home workshop : table of

sunken

sunken

Wood uff

\Noo dru ff

ome workshop: table of

Woodruff cutters in the

keyways :

keyways :

keyways:

keyways '

suggested

sugges ed sizes of Woodruff keys and keyways for

model engineers,

model engineers.

fo r

sizes

of \N oodruff

keys and kevvvavs

THAN

TOOLS

and

Correct

cou pling rods: mounting rods against anglepla te for

coupling rods:

flu ting : parallel flutes: taper flutes: preferred type of

fluting : parallel flutes: taper

flutes ' preferred type of

moun ing rods against angleplate for

and

43

43

FLUTING

FL U T ING

COMPONENTS

CO MP O NENT S

OTHER

OTH ER

T HA N

TOOLS

Correct

form

form

of

of

flutes

flute

ir

ir

loco

loco

connecting

connecting

cutting too l.

cUlting tool.

Chapte Chapter r Six Six

Chapter Chapter Seven Seven

BORING BOR ING

Dealing Dealing

trepanning large holes.

large ho les.

trepanning

with with

parts parts

too too

large to

large

to

swing swing

45 45

in

in lathe:

lathe:

'J 'JIG-BORING' IG-BORING'

Using Using the the miller miller as as a a

holes at one setting of work and precise centres:

ho les

cent res:

measuring measuring machine machine : : drilling drilling

46 46

at one setting

of

work

and

precise

engine beam: back-lash precautions: trip gear com-

eng ine be am: b ack-lash

ponent ponent: : mu mUlti-hole lti-ho le boiler boiler plates. plates.

pr ecautions: tri p gea r com ­

Chapter Chapter Eight Eight

Chapter Chapter Nine Nine

Chapter Chap ter Ten Ten

Chapter Chapter Eleven Eleven

PROFILING PROFILING

49

49

Curves on parts too large for lathe: loco frames:

frames :

Curves

con ­

bolts: loco con-

on

parts

too

large

for

lathe:

loco

smokebox castings: machine pad

smokebox

pad

necting rods and coupling rods.

nec ting

castings : machine

bolts:

loco

rod s and coupling rod s.

END-ROUNDING END-ROUNDING

52

52

deprecated: deprecated:

mou mounting nting work work on on rot rotary ary table: table: sta standard ndard size size guide guide

Use Use

of of

hardened hardened

f filing ilin g

gu guides ides

plugs: anti-slip precautions: direction of feed for

for

plugs: anti-slip precau tio ns:

exte external rnal and and i internal nte rnal surfaces. surfaces.

direction of

feed

DIVIDING DIVIDING HEADS HEADS

54

54

Simple Simple

index plates: examples of dividing work :

w

odd odd

numbers: the Myford worm--geared dividing head:

numbers : the

for for

bringing

w ork :

hexagons, squares,

h exagons.

dividing head :

avoiding avoiding

height: height : universal universa l steady steady

bringing to lathe centre

stand stand for fo r Myford Myford head: head: three three further further dividing dividing heads. heads.

ungeared ungeared

as index

dividing div iding

heads: heads :

using using

change change

wheels a

hee ls

plates:

dog

Myford

centre

examples

w orm -geared

errors erro rs : :

o f d ividing

clutch

squares. dog clutch

teeth teeth : : avoiding avoiding

block block

back-lash back-lash

to

lathe

packing packing

DIVIDING HEADS AND GEAR-CUTTING 62

GE AR-CUTT IN G 62

DIVIDING HEA DS AND

Limitations to

to

Limitations

straight strai ght

spur spu r

gears gears : : simple sim ple head head : :

Myford

M

yford

worm-geared wo rm -geared

head: head:

tooth toot h

cutting cutt ing

on n

integral integral

Brown Brown

cutter cutter

coa rse tooth

coarse

tooth

pinion :

:

pi nion

use use

number numb er

of of

disc type

home home

of of

made made

f'vcutters:

Ilvcut ters:

selec ion 0

&

&

to to

Sharpe

Sharpe disc type cutters : selectio n of

large large

back-up

cut ers:

suit suit

teeth teet h : : cutting cutting

de vices ,

a a

gear: anti-slip back-up devices.

gea r:

anti-slip

Chapt Chapter er Tw Twelve elve

Chapter Chapter Thirt Thirteen een

Chapter Chapter Fourt Fourteen een

Chapter Chapter Fifteen Fifteen

Chapter Chapter Sixteen Sixteen

DIVI DING

HEADS AND TOO L MAK ING

DIVIDING HEADS AND TOOL MAKING

66 66

Fluting taps : example 5-flute Acme tap: producing

producing

a

a

of table

of table stop blocks: combination of rotary table

with with

te tersink rsink fluting fluting. .

coun -

Fluting taps : example 5-flute Acme tap:

small small fine fine tooth tooth milling milling

ma main in

cutter cutter

w ith ball

with ball end : use

end : use

stop blocks: combination of rotary tabl e

table table movement: movement:

large 60 deg ree coun­

60 degree

large

DIVIDING DIV I DING

SCALES SCALES

HEADS

HEADS AND GRADUATED

AND GRAD UATED

71

71

Cutti ng graduation marks : use of rotary 'engraving'

Cutting

graduation

marks : use

of rotary 'engraving

cutters cutters: : use use

o f table

of table stops to contrql line lengths: graduating

scales :

cylindrical scales: graduating

figuring when stamping

scales scales ,

plani planing ng t type ype tools tools : : use use

graduating

cyli ndr ical

correct way of figuring when stamping

checking checking

angular scales:

of

no n-r otating

of non-rotating

stops

to

contro l line

gradua ting

lengths:

flat flat

scales:

angular

correct way of

FOR VERTICAL MILLERS 74

CUTTER SPEEDS FOR VERTICAL MILLERS 74

CUTTER SPE EDS

Speeds affect

Speeds affect time occupied on job: speeds too

chatter :

may cause excessive cutter wear and chatter:

inferior as a

may

high high

rigidity of work,

rigidity of work, cutter and machine inferior as a

rule rule

in in

no t

alwa always ys

speeds may not

lubricated lubricated: : Table Table

to industrial conditions. dry cutting instead of

cutting instead of

ti me

occupied on job: speeds too

III III

cutter

wear

mac hine

and

cutters

for cutters

for

may

cause

excessive

cutter

and

to i ndust rial

kinds kinds

suitable suitable . .

condi tions, dry

of of

gives gives

speeds speeds

different different

be be

tas tasks ks: : m machine achine

speeds

WORK WORK-HOLDING -HOLDING

SHAPES SHAPES

WITH WITH

DIFFICULT D IFFICULT

78

78

of of

components

chucking pieces on components: thin components

chucking pieces on

and and use use of of adhesives: ad hesives : advisability advisability of of making making fixtures fixtures

fo r difficul t

for difficult pieces: three-sided angleplates.

Comparison Comparison

with with

full full

scaie scale

engineering engi neering : : use use

components : thin

pieces : three -s ided angleplates.

CHUCKS CHUCKS FOR FOR MILLING MILLING CUTTERS CUTTERS

81

81

Never

Never

use use

taper shank

taper shank tools

tools or

or

without

chucks without

self -tightening

chucks

drawbar : chucks

drawbar: chucks for screwed shank self-tightening

for

screw ed

shank

collets collets : :

Clarkson Clarkson

chuck chuck : :

Osborn Dsborn

Titanic Titanic

chuck: chuck:

Chucks Chucks

for for

tee-headed tee -headed

locking locking

cutters: cutters:

Clare Clare

chucks chucks : : use use

locking locking

cutters. cutters.

of small end mills and D-bits

D -bits

of

small

end

mills

and

of of

without withou t

'throw-away' 'throw - aw ay'

features features : :

philosophy ph ilosophy

List of Illustrations

List of Illustrations

Fig Fig. .

1 1

Ab Ab w wood ood

mi m illing llin g

the

192 0 s

attachment of the 1920s

attac hment of

2

2

3

3

4

4

5

5

6

6

7

7

8

8

9

9

10

10

11

1 1

12

12

13

13

14

14

15

15

16

16

17

17

18

18

19

19

20

20

21 21

22

2 2

23

23

24

4

25

25

26

26

27

27

28

28

E. T . Westbury 's

E. T. W estb ury 's m ill ing m achine

Dore-Westbury machine

m achine

Dore-W estbury

Dare-W estbury M k II machine

Mk 11 machine

D ore-West bu ry

Rodneyattachment Rodney attachm ent

machine

m i ll ln

m m ach ac hine in e

Amo Am o lco lco

Amolco machine

m achine

Rodney Rod ney

attach attach men ment t

A mol co

Mentor machine

M ent or

mach in e

Maximat attachmen t

attach me nt

Astra mCtchine

M aximat

Astra

Twin Tw in machi machine ne

m ach ine

Senior Sen ior

Set

Set of three flycutters

fl ycu tt ers

Flycutting a bracket

Flycu tt ing

m mach achine i ne

three

of

a bracket

Flycutti ing

Flycutting tapered bar mater;a l

Flycutti ng t apered

Flycutting cylinder soleplate

Flycutting

Facem Facem ill ill

Milling flyw heel joint face

M illing flyw heel

Mi Milling lling crosshe crosshead ad slide slide

Milling bearing jaws in bedplale

M illing bear ing

ca sting

Slitting boss of casting

jaw s in bedpl ate

Flycutt

ng connecting

bar

cy linde r

rod ends

connecting rod ends

mat eria l

soleplate

joint face

Slitting

boss

of

Milli ng

Milling feather keyway

M illing

Milling feather keyway on tapered shaft

shaft

Milling keyway with sl'tting saw

Se t of four

Set of four Woodruff keyway cutters

Mil ling

feath er

feath er

keyway

ke vw av

keyw ay

wi th

on

tap ered

slitting saw

Woodruff keyway cutters

M ill ing

Milling Woodruff keyway

k evwav

W oodruff

13

13

14

14

15

15

16

16

17

17

18

18

19

19

20

20

21

2 1

23

23

2

22

21

22

26

26

28

2 8

28

28

29

29

29

29

30

30

31

3

31

31

32

32

33

33

35

35

3 7

37

38

38

39

39

39

39

4

4 1 1

29

29

3 0

30

31

3

32

32

33

33

34

3 4

35

35

36

36

37

37

38

38

39

39

40

40

41

4 1

42

4 2

4 3

43

44

44

45

4 5

46

46

47

47

48

48

49

49

50

50

5 1

51

52

52

1

53

53

54

54

55

55

56

56

5 7

57

58

58

Fluting Fluting

Draw Drawing ing of of stea steam m hook hook (lever) (lever)

Photog Photograph raph

Profiling pad bolt

loc omo tive co nnect ing

locom otive con nect

pad

of stear.1

of

st eam

hook hook

bo lt

rods

wi th

rotary

in in

do dog g

ing rod

rod

Profilin g

Profiling coupling

Profiling coupling rods

End-rounding with

End-rounding

Cutti Cutting ng t teeth eeth

Drawing of steady stand for Myford dividing head

Draw ing of steady stand for

Steady in

rotary table

tabl e

par part t

clutch clutch

Myford

div id ing

head

Steady in use on a gear cutti ng opera tic

Thro Throp p divid dividing ing head head

Thomas versatile dividing head

Th om as

versatile divid ing head

use on a gear cutting

operation

Kibbey/M Kibbey/M .E.S. .E.S. dividlnq dividing head head

Clos Close-up e-up

Brow Brown n

10

F Flycutt ycutting ing

Flut'lng Acme thread tap

Flut ing

10

Flycutting Fly cutt ing

Gearcu Gearcutting tt ing

10 d.p.

of f lycutter

of flycutter and pinion

and pinion

& &

ith

w

w ith

d .p,

10 d.p.

Sharpe Sha rpe

cutte cutter r

gearwheel.

gearwh eel. front view

front view

gea rwheel.

d.p. gearw hee l.

tap

rear rear view view

A cm e t hread

Cutt Culling ing

Close-up of ball-end cu tte r

Gashing flutes in large countersinking tool

Close-uD of ball-end c

tool

Rear

Rear view showing steady stand in use

Cyli Cy lll'\drical ndrical

Close-up of previous operat ion

Close -up

Graduating Graduating

Tape -he ld

Tape-held workpiece being flycut

teeth teeth

of

of ball-end

ba ll-end

cu cutter tt er

tter

Gashin g

v iew

flutes

in

large

count ersinking

stand in use

being

showing

of

prev ious

w orkpiece

stead y

machine component being graduated

m achine

compo ne nt

ope rat ion

rcul ar

arcua arcua t t e e

bein g

flyc ut

grad uated

on

fl at

part -ci

part-ci rcular

surfa ce

scale on flat surface

scal e

Hern Yerringway inpwav

Tw o of the

Two of the three sizes of Hemlngwa~'angleplates

Clare

Clare mi ing chuck

Clarkson Clarkson

Osborn Osborn

Herninqwav ang leplates

three-sided three-sid ed

th ree

sizes

chu ck

chuck chuck

of

anglep angleplate late

mi ll ing

mi

mi ll ing

ll ing

mill rrill i in ng g

chuc chUCK k

4 44 4

4 7

47

48

48

50 50

50

50

53 53

5 5 5 5

56

56

58

58

58 8

5

59

59

60

60

63

63

63

63

64

64

65

6 5

66

66

67

67

68

68

69

69

70

70

72 72

72

72

73

73

79

79

79

79

80 80

82

82

82

82

83

83

Preface

Preface

In

for

only for

batch product lorrbu t also for tool ma king

and

engineering. In the

home

home

machine

makes it

makes it an

lathe.

lathe. This book describes many of the

wh ich

infinitely

can be

can be done. and all those described are

illustrated by

assured. Th ese

illustrated by

photographs so that under­

done. and all those described are

photographs so that under-

range of operations which

infinitely

important companion to the

'one-off

so

batch

and

miller is very

In

th e

the

eng ineering

engineering

in dustry

vertical

industry the vertical

the

no t

miller

is

v ery

widel y

widely

used .

used . not

o nly

production:bu t also for tool

the

the

'one -off'

'one- off'

in

general

worksho p.

workshop.

th e

the

jobs

jobs

whi ch

whi ch

making

are

are

so

commo n

commo n in general

enginee ring. In the

most

most

of

th e

of the

jobs

jobs

are

are

machi ne

to the

many of the

o f op eration s

is

w her e

where

'one-off'

ve rsatility

versatility

an i mport ant comp anion

book

des crib es

range

th e

the

Thi s

wid e

wid e

standing

stationary

stationary

methods is assured . These

standing

cove cover r work work on on parts parts of of model model locomotives. locomotives.

cutting

too ls.

cutting

informat ion

tools. gears . clutches. etc. Fu ll information

is given o n the

of

are

of

are

cu tters

for t heir

is given o n the

machine accessories which

of

of

methods

engines

engine

machi nery .

machinery,

gea rs, clutches,

requi red, suc h

required . such

etc. Full

machine accessories wh ich

and

on

t he

the

as

as

chuck s

hom e- mad e

home-made

var ious

various

needed

types

types

spindle . The

cutt ers i s

is

also

angle

such

such

plates,

plates.

of

which of

as

as

kinds of

cutters and the chucks needed for their

mounting on the m achi ne spind le. The use

machine

shown

and

give n

of

use

cutters is shown

of cheap

mounting

cheap

and encouraged. Guidance is also given

on

on

clamps.

th e

the

clamps. packings. vices. angl e

encouraged. Guidance

work- holding

work- holding

packings,

vices.

heads . rotary

for

dev ices

devices

dividing heads. rotary table s, and w hich

dividing

these

these are

w ork .

work.

are

table s. and

part icular

needed

needed for particular kinds of

CHAPTER CHAPTER 1 1

Evolution of the

Evolution of the

Vertical Miller

Vertical

Miller

Th Th e e

na natura t u ra lly ll y

second seco nd

horizontal horizontal

from fr om

decade decade

mi mi ll lling ing

t the he

of of t t he he

evolved evo lved

or or

century.

nineteenth century.

nine tee nt h

machine machine

i in n

the t he

lathe lathe

fir fi rst st

El Eli i Whitney W hitney

one

in Tools for

reco unt ed

recounted how

how

Nasmyth Nasmyth (later {later

to become famous as the inventor of the

to

stea steam m

fixed fixed

as

the the

th e

the

Tools for

one in

(U (U.S.A.) .SA) i is s

lat late e

18

said t o

sa id

to

in

have have had had

inven tor

of

app appl liances ian ces l )

the the

fla flats ts

on on

in

about

use about

use

18 . and

18 18, and

the Job

Job

the the

yo yo ung ung

become

LTC . Rolt

L.T.C . Rolt

J J ames ames

the

ot other her

eng engineer ineer

famous

and and

ham hammer mer

one one

up up

and and

m milled illed

hundreds hundreds of of tiny tiny hexagon hexagon nuts nuts for for a a model model

of of

w wh hile ile

wor king fo r Henry Ma udslay . Draw ings

working for Henry Maudslay. Drawings of

the ear ly horizont al mill ers show suc h a

the

show such a

a a

Mauds Maudslay lay

marine marine

mi ll ers

eng eng ine. ine .

of

early

horizontal

resemb resemb lance lance

that that

lat lat hes hes

The cutters we re really files. made by the

fi f il le e

cu tt ing ' methods

cutting ' meth ods (real ly a hammer and a

spec ia l

spec

practice available at that tim e.

practice

at that time.

only on l y

Th e

th e

wh ich had been adapted to mill ing .

to to

t t he he

la th es

lathes of that period

of that period

almost al mo st

w hic h

cutters

m makers akers

ial

certai certainly nly

had

they th ey

adapt ed

were were

in in

fact fact

been

really

to mil ling.

made

by

'hand­ 'hand-

were

fil es.

of

of the times , usi ng the

t he t im es, using t he

(really a hamm er and a

w which hic h

we wer re

the the

chisel) ch isel)

ava ilable

The The

evolution evolu tion

o of f

the the

came came

nat naturally ural ly

afte after r

m machine. achi ne.

refe refere rence nce to to

m iller h ad

m i lle r

I I

had

have not

have

m miller iller

ho horizonta rizontal l

reliable rel iable

vert vertical ical

in industry , thoug h

the th e

industry , thoug h

ve vertical rtical

t the he

not found

w which hic h

in

found any

any

a

a date by

date by

appeared appeared

this m ust

this must have been we ll before 1900.

190 0 .

have been

we ll

before

to to

beco me an esta bl ished

become an established hobby at the turn

small small

of of

W When he n

th th e e

model model

eng engineering ineering

quite

sta started rted

hobby at the t urn

a variety

a

va ri ety

o of f

century

ce ntury quite

12

12

lath es

lathes were provided by different makers.

and and

created

created in

in

lathe lathe

the

itself a tendency to make the

makers.

we re

t the he

provided

g great reat

itself

by

di fferent

of of

the th e

to make

versat ver satili il ity ty

a

te ndency

lathe lathe do do

every every

operation opera tion

that that

arose arose . . This This

wa was s

enhanced enhan ced

by by

the th e

fact fact

that th at

many ma ny

modellers

very very

Many

we we re re

to to enable enable the the lathe lathe to to carry carry out out work work it it had had

never never been been

as as

la lathes thes

help help

t

int ended

although intended

had bu ilt

into

also

also had

a lot

more

their their

litt le

modellers were

their hobby. M any

devised

the ingenious at achments devised

were

to

wor working king

o n

men

with

en wilh

cash

little cash

spend

to spend on

their hobby.

the

inge nious

attachment s

to

do . Such

modified modified

intended

intended to do. Such makers

makers

tables tables to to

Drum D rummond m ond

wit with h

in this

in

famous famous

Brothe Brothers rs

tee- tee -slotted s lo tt ed

work . and

boring boring

this work . and even brough t out

even

ro und - bed

u nd - bed

r

lat he.

lat

h e.

wh ic h

ic h

wh

for a cut -price

for a cut-price market.

market.

the

the ability to do a lot

abi lity to

do

simple

turning . But as

it it

became became

ever ever

better better was was

bro ught out

t

he he

although

more than

it

built into it

the

just simple turning . But as the

years years

appa apparent rent

f or

for milling operations. None of the small

tool tool

of the small

mille millers rs

more more

needed needed

than just

wen went t

mi lling

by by

somet something hing

produced produced

operations . No ne

by by

the the

mac machine hine

industry

industry were oriented towards the home

workshop,

1920s 1920s the the Abwcod Abwood Tool Tool

and

and Engineering

lent

lent

mounting

mounting on small lathes. especiall~'

popula popular r 3t 3t in. in . flat flat bed bed Drummond Drummond . though though

he

workshop.

we re

in

the the

oriented

towards the home

T hen

Then in

Engi neeri ng

vertical vertical

on

an exce l­

Co. produced a'n excel-

fo for r

Co. produced

mi mi lling lling

smal l

at attachment tac hmen t

lathes.

especia lly the

adjustable features made it applicable to

adjustable features made

it applicable

0

too .

other lathes lOO.

tape tape r r

othe r lat hes

It It

arbor arbo r

which which

had had

fitted

fi

ted

a a

No. No.

in into to

1 Morse

1

Morse

lathe lathe

the the

[},'\

into to 1 Morse 1 Morse lathe lathe the the [},'\ Fig. j:ig . r t
into to 1 Morse 1 Morse lathe lathe the the [},'\ Fig. j:ig . r t

Fig.

j:ig .

r

t

19205 1920s

Abll'lood

Abv/ood

milling

milling

attachment

attachment

of

of

the

the

13

13

spindle, and bevel gears with keywayed

spindl e. and bevel

shafts shafts

M orse

w were ere equa equa l l

rat ratio io m m it itre re beve bevels. ls. so so the the cutter cutter rotated rotated at at

as the lathe spindle, and

t

the six speeds of the lathe were usable.

all t he six speeds of the lathe were usable.

lathe lathe

The The

1 Morse

cutt cu tter er spind spind le. le, w which hic h had had a a No. No.

the the vert vertical ica l

gears with keywa yed

up up

to to

1

took took the the drive dri ve

inte rna l taper. A ll the gears

the same speed

he

all

internal

taper, All the gears

sam e speed as th e lat he spi ndle . and

w work ork

wa was s

mounte mounted d

on on

the the

table, and power feeding in one

bo ring table. and po wer feeding in one

direction direction ca came me from fr om

the lathe screwcut­

tl ng gear. A pho tograph of this unit set up

t

screwcut-

boring

ing

the

la th e

gear. A phot ograph of this uni t set up

on a Myfor

on a

was

wa s unfortuna tely a low -vol ume.

unfortunately a low-volume,

intensive intensive

hand hand scrapi sc raping ng . , but but w was as selling sell in g in i n 19 1930 30 for for

about a quarter of the cost of

7 guin eas. about a quar ter of the cost of

needing needing

labou labour r

1. 1. It It

Myford Super 7 is

uni uni t t

w with it h

vee vee

Super 7 is shown in Fig.

show n in Fig.

slides slides

7

gu ineas,

the the

producti production on for fo r ma many ny year years s now n w . , it it was was in in

its i ts time time a a co courageous urage ous effo effort rt . , but but be belonged longed

the age whe n most home lathes were

to the age w hen most

driven by flat belt from a treadle or coun-

driven by

tars tershaft, haft. and and the the cost cost of of electric electric mot motors ors

drive drive

made made

of of

Dru Drummond mm ond

lat he. A lt hough

lat he.

Althoug h

o out ut

to

home lathes were

a tread le or cou n­

m motor otor

fla t belt fro m

th the e

in independent d ep enden t

uneconom uneconom ic ic in in ho home m e hobb hobby y applicati applications. ons.

vertica vertical l

m mi

in in

model m odel

com completed plete d

wh which ich

pho photog tog rap raphs h s

dunng 1964. That too was a very labour

during

and and

for for

lli ng mach ine had been recognised, and

Bu But t

th the e

need need

a a

handy handy

illi ng ma chine had been recognised. and

the the ear early ly 19 19 60s 60s that that very very good good friend friend of of

engineers. enginee rs,

Edgar Edgar

T. T,

an an

ex experimenta pe r imenta l l

W Westbury est bury . ,

m ma ac chine, hi ne.

he

he desc ribed

described

wit h drawings

w it h

drawings

in in

t the he

Model

Model

Engineer

Eng ineer

19 64 . T hat

too wa s

a very labou r

Engineer Eng ineer 19 64 . T hat too wa s a very labou r 14

14

14

Fig. 2 E,T. Westbury's

Fig. 2 E.T. Westbury 's

milling machine

milling machine

2 E.T. Westbury 's milling machine milling machine Fig. 3 Dore-Westbury machine ig, 3 D ore-

Fig. 3 Dore-Westbury machine

ig, 3

D ore- West bury machine

intensive intensive

b e

main castings were much too big to be

machi machi ned ned

any

en engi gi ne neering ering

even to do th e machin­

manuf cture it. or even to do the machin-

ing ing on on a a contract contract basis basis at at such such a a price price as as it it

was

was t hought

thought

be be

willing to pay.

I found myself with

A t that

At that time he was unable

wi lli ng to take it over and

main castings w ere m uch t oo

wo rkshop.

machine w ith vee slides, and the

mac hi n e

wit h

vee slides, and the

big

to

ho me

hom e workshop.

to find

to

find any

in in

the th e average ave rage

ti me he

w as

it.

or

model

una ble

fir m

firm willing to take it over and

manufacture

m odel engi neers would

enginee rs would

wl llinq to p ay.

Three T hree years years

later

later I found myself with

the the opportunity opportunity to to take tak e a a fresh fresh look loo k at at this th is

di scussed w ith me

design. design,

during

during the experimental period. I evolved

a a new new

machine, machi ne, but but

using flat slideways more

more

similar sim ilar

whi ch he

which he had discussed with me

had

the experimental pe riod .

set set

of of

drawings d rawi ngs

for for

a a

using flat slideways

I evolved

economically economically

gea gear r

constructed. constructed.

bottom bottom

reduction reducti on

hollow hollow

othe r changes

a a

for for

lower low er

speeds. speeds ,

spindle for a drawbar, and other changes

spindl e

for a draw bar. and

int

was was

the the

discussed discussed w with ith Edgar. Edgar. w who ho agreed agreed to to the the

the the

sem i­

of semi-

use use

econom economies ies or or improve improve

ended to make

intended to make

pe performance. rformance . This This

of of

the the

to to

name name

be be

new new

design design

'Dore-Wes 'Dore-Westbury, tburv ' ,

as as

a a

kit kit

of

machi machine ne

sold sold

fi

nished

finished

compone components nts by by my my existing existing fir firm m

Dore Engi neering, I was abl e

Dare Engineering. I was able to place the

a a

number number of of firms firms al already read y know known n to to me me. . and and

the fi rst sets

first sets of materials began to go out

to custo mers early in 1968. Si nce that

1968. Since that

t time im e

distributed distributed . , all al i over a er the the

hundreds of sets have been

to pla ce th e

w with ith

m machining achi ning

the

o of f

the the

compo components nen ts

of materials began to go ou t

o f sets

have bee n

wo world rld . . and and are are still still

to customers early in

m any hundreds

many

be ing made in

being made in ever grea t er quantities by

M

o of f

Chesterfield . w ho too k

Chesterfield, who took it over from me in

19 7 1, w he n

acco unt o f age ,

1971, whe n I wanted . on accou nt of age,

to to reduce reduce my my comm commitments. itmen ts ,

ever grea te r quant iti es by

I

S Services er v i c e s . ,

it

over from me in

o d e l

Mode l

En Engineering g i n e e r in g

wa nted , on

to to

howeve however r, , still still available available fro from m

c cision is io n

A

Aberdour.

machine m achine

Castin Castings gs

the t he

o of f

origi origina na l l

are, a re.

Wa king Pre­

Pr e-

Park Park, .

Wokin

design des ign

M Models odels

16 16

Fife. Fife , Scotland Scotland

Dovecot Dovecot

sho show w n n

in in

berdour.

KY3

KY3 OTA. and