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Name :ch rambabu

Roll No.: 15331D5705

Research methodology exam -1

1. Which of the following is a form of research typically conducted by teachers,
counselors, and other professionals to answer questions they have and to specifically help
them solve local problems?
[c ]
a. action research
b. basic research
c. predictive research
d. orientational research

2.How much confidence should you place in a single research study?

a. you should completely trust a single research study.
b. you should trust research findings after different researchers have found the same
c. neither a nor b
d. both a and b

3.The development of a solid foundation of reliable knowledge typically is built from

which type of research?
a. basic research
b. action research
c. evaluation research
d. orientational research

4.Research that is done to examine the findings of someone else using the "same
variables but different people" is which of the following?
a. exploration
b. hypothesis
c. replication
d. empiricism
5.________________ is the idea that knowledge comes from experience. [
a. rationalism
b. deductive reasoning
c. logic
d. empiricism

6.Which of the following is not a characteristic of a good theory or explanation?

a. It is parsimonious
b. It is testable
c. It is general enough to apply to more than one place, situation, or person

d. All of the above are characteristics of good theories

7.Which of the following is not a basic assumption of science?
a. Science cannot provide answers to all questions
b. It is possible to distinguish between more and less plausible claims
c. Researchers should follow certain agreed upon norms and practices
d. Science is best at solving value conflicts, such as whether abortion is immoral
8.Which scientific method follows these steps: 1) observation/data, 2) patterns, 3)
a. Inductive
b. Deductive
c. Inductive
d. Top down
9.Which scientific method is a top-down or confirmatory approach?
a. Deductive method
b. Inductive method
c. Hypothesis method
d. Pattern method

10.Which scientific method is a bottom-up or generative approach to research? [ ]

a. Deductive method
b. Inductive method
c. Hypothesis method
d. Pattern method
11.Which scientific method focuses on testing hypotheses developed from theories?
a. Deductive method
b. Inductive method
c. Hypothesis method
d. Pattern method

12.Which scientific method often focuses on generating new hypotheses and theories?
a. Deductive method
b. Inductive method
c. Hypothesis method
d. Pattern method
13.Which of the following best describes quantitative research? [
a. the collection of nonnumerical data
b. an attempt to confirm the researchers hypotheses
c. research that is exploratory
d. research that attempts to generate a new theory
14.Qualitative research is often exploratory and has all of the following characteristics
a. it is typically used when a great deal is already known about the topic of interest
b. it relies on the collection of nonnumerical data such as words and pictures
c. it is used to generate hypotheses and develop theory about phenomena in the world
d. it uses the inductive scientific method
15.What is the defining characteristic of experimental research?

a. resistance to manipulation
b. manipulation of the independent variable
c. the use of open-ended questions
d. focuses only on local problems
16.Research is
a. Searching again and again
b.Finding solution to any problem
c. Working in a scientific way to search for truth of any problem
d. None of the above
17.Which of the following is the first step in starting the research process?
a. Searching sources of information to locate problem.
b. Survey of related literature
c. Identification of problem
d. Searching for solutions to the problem
18.Action research means
a. A longitudinal research
b. An applied research
c. A research initiated to solve an immediate problem
d. A research with socioeconomic objective
19.In the process of conducting research Formulation of Hypothesis is followed by
a. Statement of Objectives
b. Analysis of Data
c. Selection of Research Tools
d. Collection of Data
20.Questionnaire is widely used tool in which type of research
a. Survey Research
b. Experimental Research
c. Historical Research
d. Case Study Research
21.Part(s) of research design is (are)
a. The sampling design
b. The observational design
c. The statistical design & the operational design
d. All the above
22.Important features of a research design are
a. Sources and types of information
b. The approach used for gathering and analyzing the data
c. Time and cost budgets
d. All the above
23.Research design must, at least, contain
a. A clear statement of the research problem
b. Procedures and techniques for gathering information
c. Population to be studied & methods to analyzing the data.
d. All the above
24.Which results an efficient research?
a. Maximum information
b. Minimum expenditure of effort, time and money

c. Both a.& (B)

d. None of the above
25.A good design is characterized by
a. Flexible & appropriate
b. Efficient & economical
c. a.& (B)
d. None
26.Error (s) in research design is (are)
a. Population Specification
b. Sampling & Non-responsive
c. Selection & Measurement
d. All the above

27.Choose the right one which signifies the need for defining a research problem
a. A problem clearly stated is a problem half solved
b. Formulation of a problem is often more essential than its solution
c. Both a.& (B)
d. None
28.Exploratory research studies are also termed as
a. Formulate research studies
b. Non formulate research studies
c. Either a.or (B)
d. Neither a.nor (B)

29.The method that consists of collection of data through observation and

experimentation, formulation and testing of hypothesis is called [
a. Empirical method
b. Scientific method
c. Scientific information
d. Practical knowledge
30.Information acquired by experience is called as
a. Empirical
b. Scientific
c. Facts
d. Scientific evidences

31.Research learning spiral has the following

a.Objectives & hypothesis
b.Methods & conduct
c. Synthesis
d. All the above

32.What are the characteristics of a good hypothesis? [

a. Empirical & Directional

b. General& Directional
c. Fertile& Feasible
d. All the above
33.What are the measurement concepts?
a. Reliability &Validity
c. Measure
d. All of the above

34.What is the useful way to map out the theory? [ ]

a. Arrow diagrams
b. Dotted diagrams
c. Block diagrams
d. None of the above
35.Research problem definition structure has
a. Hypotheses
b. Predictions
c. Test of predictions
d. All of the above
36.The chi-square test can be used:
to test for homogeneity of proportions.
to make inference about a population mean.
to test for difference in two variances.
for pairwise multiple comparisons of means.

37.In the analysis of variance (ANOVA), the measure is

a. The independent variable in the study.
b. An extraneous variable that confounds the effects of the independent variable.
c. The dependent variable in the study.
d. A covariate
38.When using the chi-square test for differences in two proportions with a contingency table that
has r rows and c columns, the degrees of freedom for the test statistic will be:[ ]
a. (r - 1) + (c - 1).
b. n -1.
c. n1 + n2 - 2.
d. (r - 1)(c - 1).
39.Sampling in qualitative research is similar to which type of sampling in quantitative
a. Simple random sampling
b. Systematic sampling
c. Quota sampling
d. Purposive sampling

40.Which of the following would generally require the largest sample size?
a. Cluster sampling
b. Simple random sampling
c. Systematic sampling
d. Proportional stratified sampling

41.Which of the following is the most efficient random sampling technique

a. Simple random sampling
b. Proportional stratified sampling
c. Cluster random sampling
d. Systematic sampling

42.Which of the following would usually require the smallest sample size because of its
a. One stage cluster sampling
b. Simple random sampling
c. Two stage cluster sampling
d. Quota sampling
43.The process of drawing a sample from a population is known as _________. [
a. Sampling
b. Census
c. Survey research
d. Random
44.Which of the following is characteristic of qualitative research?
a. Generalization to the population
b. Random sampling
c. Unique case orientation
d. Standardized tests and measures.
45.Which of the following is a characteristic of qualitative research?
a. Design flexibility
b. Inductive analysis
c. Context sensitivity
d. All of the above

46.Which of the following involves the studying of multiple cases in one research study?
a. Intrinsic case study
b. Single case study
c. Instrumental case study
d. Collective case study
47.Analysis of variance is a statistical method of comparing the ________ of several populations.
a. standard deviations
b. variances

c. means
d. proportions
48.__________ are the basic building blocks of qualitative data.
a. Categories
b. Units
c. Individuals
d. Fundamentals

49. This is the process of transforming qualitative research data from written interviews or field
notes into typed text.
a. Segmenting
b. Coding
c. Transcription
d. Memoing
50. An advantage of using computer programs for qualitative data is that they _______. [
a. Can reduce time required to analyze data (i.e., after the data are transcribed)
b. Help in storing and organizing data
c. Make many procedures available that are rarely done by hand due to time constraints
d. All of the above