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Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Pseudomonas infection is caused by strains of bacteria


found widely in the environment; the most common type
causing infections in humans is called pseudomonas
aeruginosa. Serious pseudomonas infections usually occur
in people in the hospital. Healthy people can also develop
mild illnesses with pseudomonas aeruginosa, especially
after exposure to water .Ear infections, especially in
children, and more generalized skin rashes may occur after
exposure to inadequately chlorinated hot tubs or swimming
pools. Eye infections have occasionally been reported in
persons using extended-wear contact lenses. Pseudomonas
can be spread on the hands of healthcare workers or by
equipment that gets contaminated and is not properly
cleaned.
Listeriosis , a serious infections usually caused by eating
food
contaminated
with
the
bacterium
listeria
monocytogenes .The disease primarily affects older adults,
pregnant woman , newborns, and adults with weakened
immune systems . A person with listeriosis usually has fever
and muscle aches, sometimes preceded by diarrhea or other
gastrointestinal symptoms.
Animals can carry the bacterium without appearing ill and
can contaminate foods of animal origin, such as meats and
dairy products. The bacterium has been found in a variety of
foods, such as
Uncooked meats and vegetables
Unpasteurized (raw) milk and cheeses
Salmonella is a bacteria that makes people sick. Most
people infected with salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and
abdominal cramps between 12 and 72 hours after infection.
The salmonella infection may spread from intestines to the

blood stream, and then to other body sites. In these cases,


salmonella can cause death unless the person is treated
promptly with antibiotics.There are many different kinds of
salmonella.
Salmonella
serotype
Typhimurium
and
salmonella serotype Enteritidis are the most common in the
United States. Salmonella infections are more common in the
summer than winter. Children are at the highest risk for
salmonella infection. Children under the age of 5 have higher
rates of salmonella infection than any other age group.
Young children, older adults, and people with weakened
immune systems are the most likely to have severe
infections. People with diarrhea due to a salmonella infection
usually recover completely, although it may be several
months before their bowel habits are entirely normal. A small
number of people with salmonella develop pain in their
joints. This is called reactive arthritis. You can get salmonella
infection from a variety of sources, including:
Eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated
water.
Touching infected animals and not washing your hands
afterwards.
Escherichia coli (E.coli) bacteria normally live in the
intestines of people and animals. Most E.coli are harmless
and actually are an important part of a healthy human
intestinal tract. However, some E.coli are pathogenic,
meaning they can cause illness. The types of E.coli that can
cause diarrhea can be transmitted through contaminated
water or food. So you might hear about E.coli being found in
drinking water which are not themselves harmful, but
indicate the water is contaminated. People of any age can
become infected. Very young children and the elderly are
more likely to develop severe illness and hemolytic uremic
syndrome (HUS) than others, but even healthy older children

and young adults can become seriously ill. The symptoms of


Shiga toxin-producing E.coli (STEC) infections vary for each
person but often include severe stomach cramps, diarrhea
(often bloody), and vomiting. If there is fever, it usually is not
very high (less than 101F/less than 38.5C). Most people get
better within 5-7 days. Some infections are severe or even
life-threatening. STEC lives in guts of ruminant of animals,
including cattle, goats, sheep, deer, and elk. The major
source for human illness is cattle. Exposures that result in
illness include consumption of contaminated food,
consumption of unpasteurized (raw) milk, consumption of
water that has not been disinfection, content with cattle, or
contact with the feces of infected people.