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ABB

ACS 6000
Medium Voltage Drives
3 bis 27 MVA

Operating Instructions
ACS 6000 with Line Supply Unit (LSU)

ABB

Document No.:

3BHS212800 ZAB E01 Rev. A

Issued:

13-03-2006

Switzerland Ltd. All Rights Reserved.

ABB reserves all rights to this document, also in the event of patent issue
or registration of any other industrial property protection right. Misuse, in
particular duplication and forwarding to third parties, is not permitted.
This document has been checked with due care and attention. However,
should the user find any errors, these should be reported to ABB.
ABB aims to maintain the most modern standard, therefore, entries in this
manual may differ from the actual product.

3BHS212800 ZAB E01 Rev. A

ACS 6000 Users Manual

ABB
Table of Contents

ACS 6000 Users Manual

Chapter 1 - Overview

1-1

Chapter 2 - Local Control Elements

2-1

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.4

2-1
2-1
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-5

Control Panels
Switches
Control Panels
Control Panel on COU 1
Control Panel on COU 2
Grounding Switch

Chapter 3 - Operation

3-1

3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5

3-1
3-1
3-2
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7

Starting
Checks before Switching on
Starting the Converter
Stopping
Deenergizing
Emergency Off
Alarm and Fault Messages

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ACS 6000 Users Manual

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Chapter 1 - Overview
NOTICE!
Only qualified personnel shall operate the drive system, i.e. personnel
who are familiar with the machine and the operation of the drive system
and the hazards involved.
Refer to Users Manual, Chapter 1 - Safety, for explanation on how the
safety messages are categorized and used in this manual.
This manual outlines the local operation of the converter using the CDP
control panel and the control switches as illustrated in section Chapter 2 Local Control Elements after the converter has been installed and
commissioned.
Remote control of the converter via a PLC or remote stations is not
described in this manual. If the converter is controlled from remote, see
the applicable manuals for information.

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Chapter 1 - Overview

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Chapter 2 - Local Control Elements
The location of the control units (COU) in the drive and the location of the
operating devices are illustrated on the layout drawing in Appendix B Mechanical Drawings.

2.1

Overview

2.1.1

Control Panels
The following control panels are provided for local operation of a converter
which is equipped with a line supply unit (LSU) and one or several inverter
units (INU):

INU control panel(s)


The control panel for the first inverter unit (INU1) is located on the
door of control unit COU 1. The number and location of additional
control panels depends on the configuration of the converter (single
or multi-motor drive, drive for motors with double windings) (see
Figure 2-1 and Figure 2-2).

2.1.2

Switches
Main Supply

The on/off switches for the main supply are installed on the door of COU 1
(see Figure 2-1).

Emergency Off

An emergency off switch is installed on each contol unit. The emergency


off switches affect the whole drive when activated (see Figure 2-1 and
Figure 2-2).

Grounding Switch

The grounding switch is installed on the capacitor bank unit (CBU) (see
Figure 2-3). The switch can only be actuated if released by the converter.

DC Link Isolator

Converters can optionally be equipped with a manual controlled DC link


isolator. The installation location of the control switch for opening and
closing depends on the configuration of the converter (see Figure 2-4).
Actuation of the control switch is released by the converter.

Output Switches

Converters can optionally be equipped with manual or motorized output


isolators or output grounding switches which are installed between
inverter and motor. The open and closed position of the switches is
monitored by the converter.
The switches for actuating the manual output switches are installed inside
the converter cabinets. The installation location depends on the
configuration of the converter. The switches are accessible after the DC
link has been discharged and the doors have been opened.

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Chapter 2 - Local Control Elements

IMPORTANT!
The user of the drive system must ensure that the motor does not rotate
before the switch is actuated.
The motorized switches are opened or closed automatically by the
converter depending on the operating status of the drive and the settings
of the parameters provided for this function. The possible parameter
settings are shown in Appendix D - Signal and Parameter Table.

!
Lamp Test

IMPORTANT!
The operating personnel must be informed about the types of output
switches present in the converter and the parameter settings for opening
and clossing.

The bulbs of lamps and illuminated pushbuttons on the doors of control


units (see Figure 2-1 and Figure 2-2) can be tested with the lamp test
function. The lamp test is activated via the CDP control panel by setting
control parameter 16.7 to lamp test.
The indicator lamp for the grounding switch (see Figure 2-3) has an
integrated momentary pushbutton. The lamp lights up when the lamp cap
is pressed.

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2.2

2.2.1

Chapter 2 - Local Control Elements

Control Panels

Control Panel on COU 1

Control Panel
used to start and stop the motor
displays status messages of the converter
displays alarm and fault messages
used to reset alarm and fault messages

Illuminated Pushbuttons
OFF opens the main cicuit breaker
ON closes the main cicuit breaker
Alarm / Fault Lamp
ALARM: flashing light
Fault: permanent light
Emergency off Reset Switch

Emergency off Switch


prevents starting when actuated at standstill
main circuit breaker opens and DC link discharges when actuated during operation

Figure 2-1

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INU Control Panel

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Chapter 2 - Local Control Elements

2.2.2

Control Panel on additional Control Units

Control Panel
used to start and stop the motor
displays status messages of the converter
displays alarm and fault messages
used to reset alarm and fault messages

Alarm / Fault Lamp


ALARM: flashing light
Fault: permanent light

Emergency off Switch


prevents starting if actuated at standstill
main circuit breaker opens and DC link discharges if actuated during operation

Figure 2-2

2-4 (6)

INU Control Panel

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2.3

Chapter 2 - Local Control Elements

Grounding Switch

Grounding Switch
used to ground the converter

Indicator Lamp with Lamp Test Function


signals when grounding switch can be
turned into position grounded
used to test the lamp. Lamp lights up
when lamp cap is pressed
Figure 2-3

2.4

Grounding Switch on CBU

Control Switch for DC Link Isolator


Figure 2-4 shows the control switch for the optional DC link isolator. The
switch is used to open and close the DC link isolator.
Indicates open position of DC link isolator
Indicates closed position of DC link isolator

Opens/closes DC link isolator

Figure 2-4

Control Switch for DC Link Isolator

Opening and closing of the DC link isolator is only possible after the DC
link has been deenergized. When the converter is in operation, it must first
be stopped and the DC link be discharged. Discharging of the DC link is
initiated by opening the main circuit breaker. The discharged condition of
the DC link is indicated with the lamp Grounding Switch Unlocked. As
soon as the lamp lights up, the grounding switch of the converter (located
on the door of the CBU) can be turned into the grounded position and
operation of the DC link isolator is released. When the signal is present,
the isolator moves to the position which has been selected.

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Chapter 2 - Local Control Elements

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Chapter 3 - Operation
3.1

3.1.1

Starting

Checks before Switching on


Proceed as follows:
1

Check that no tools and foreign objects are left inside the converter.

Verify that:
all internal circuit breakers of the converter have
been closed,
the auxiliary power supply of the converter has been
switched on.
See Appendix C - Electrical Diagrams to identify the circuit breakers.

Check that the water cooling system is ready for operation.


See also Users Manual in Appendix A - Water Cooling Unit.

NOTICE!
The cooling system may start automatically as soon as the auxiliary
voltage has been switched on.
4

Check that all doors have been closed and locked and all covers have
been mounted.
Medium voltage units of the converter include an interlocking system
which operates in conjunction with the grounding switch and the
electrical interlocks from the main circuit breaker.
The interlocking system ensures that power cannot be initialized to
the converter unless all doors have been closed and the grounding
switch has been turned to position

(not grounded).

The interlocking system also ensures that the doors of medium


voltage units cannot be opened until the main power source has been
disconnected, the DC link capacitors have been discharged and
the grounding switch has been turned to position

(grounded).

Doors of control and cooling cabinets are not integrated into the
interlocking system and can always be opened.

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Chapter 3 - Operation

DANGER!
High Voltage!
All bolted covers must be fitted to prevent unintended touching of
energized components.
5

Check that the grounding switch is in position not grounded.

Figure 3-1

3.1.2

Grounding Switch in Position Not Grounded

Check that the main circuit breaker is in operating position.

If the converter is equipped with a DC link isolator, check that the


control switch for the DC link isolator is in the desired position.

Starting the Converter


LOC

Set the CDP control panel to LOCAL mode by pressing the


button.

REM

See also Users Manual, Chapter 7 - CDP Control Panel, for


information on selecting this mode.
9

Check that the converter is ready.


No alarm or fault message on the CDP control panel must be present.

10 When a fault message is displayed on the CDP control panel reset


the
RESET

fault, by pressing the

button.

See Users Manual, Chapter 7 - CDP Control Panel, for information


on resetting a fault.
If a fault cannot be reset, it must be rectified by the responsible
personnel.

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Chapter 3 - Operation

When the converter is ready, the control panel of an INU displays


ReadyOn:

1 L ->
0.0 rpm 0
Status...
ReadyOn
MotorSpeed 0.00 rpm
Power
0.0 %
11

Press the ON button on the door of COU1 to charge the DC link. The
ON button flashes during charging:
The status line of the INU control panel changes to Charging:

1 L ->
0.0 rpm 0
Status...
Charging
MotorSpeed 0.00 rpm
Power
0.0 %
After charging has been finished, the main circuit breaker closes
automatically, the ON button lights up permanently and the display of
the first INU control control panel and the additional control panels (if
present) changes to ReadyRun:

1 L ->
0.0 rpm 0
Status...
ReadyRun
MotorSpeed 0.00 rpm
Power
0.0 %
All inverters can now be started.
12 Enter a setpoint.
See User Manual, Chapter 7 - CDP Control Panel, for information on
entering a setpoint.

1 L -> [ 600.0 rpm ]


Status...
ReadyRun
MotorSpeed 0.00 rpm
Power
0.0 %
13 Press the
started up.

ACS 6000 Users Manual

button on the INU control panel of the motor to be

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Chapter 3 - Operation

At first, the motor is magnetized.

1 L ->
600.0 rpm 0
Status...
Magnetizing
MotorSpeed 0.00 rpm
Power
0.0 %
After the motor has been magnetized, the motor speed is ramped up
to the setpoint. As soon as the motor starts to turn the display of the
INU control panel shows Running:

1 L ->
Status...

600.0 rpm
Running

MotorSpeed

Power

3.2

600.00 rpm

30.0 %

Stopping
Proceed as follows to stop a motor:

To stop a motor, press the


the motor to be stopped.

button on the INU control panel of

The motor stops according to the preset stop function and the
converter stops modulating. Stop modes are preset in parameters.
While the motor stops, the status line of the display shows Stopping:

1 L ->
600.0 rpm 1
Status...
Stopping
MotorSpeed 300.00 rpm
Power
20.0 %
As long as the stopping sequence is in progress, the converter can
always be restarted by pressing the
panel.

button of the CDP control

When the converter has stopped modulating, the CDP control panel
displays Ready to Start:

1 L ->
600.0 rpm 0
Status...
Rdy to Strt
MotorSpeed
0.00 rpm
Power
0.0 %

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Chapter 3 - Operation

As long as the main circuit breaker has not been opened, the motor
can be started again.
.

3.3

Deenergizing
DANGER!
Hazardous voltage!
Do not try to gain access to the converter transformer, the medium voltage
units of the converter nor the motor as long as the drive system is
energized and not grounded.
To disconnect the converter from the main power supply, do the following:
1

Stop the motor as described in the previous section.

Press the Offline button to disconnect the converter from the main
power supply. The following happens:
Main circuit breaker opens
DC link discharges
Offline button lights up
After the DC link has been discharged, the display shows:

1 L ->
600.0 rpm 0
Status...
Rdy MCB on
MotorSpeed
0.00 rpm
Power
0.0 %

ACS 6000 Users Manual

Rack-out, lock-out and tag-out the main circuit breaker.

Turn the grounding switch to the position grounded.

IMPORTANT!
Do not turn the grounding switch to position grounded, before the
light GROUNDING SWITCH UNLOCKED is on. Otherwise, the switch will
be damaged.

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Chapter 3 - Operation

Figure 3-2

Grounding Switch in Position Grounded

After the grounding switch is in position grounded, the CDP control


panel displays:

1 L ->
600.0 rpm 0
Status...
ErthIsoClos
MotorSpeed
0.00 rpm
Power
0.0 %
5

Switch off all auxiliary voltages from external sources.


See Appendix C - Electrical Diagrams to identify the circuit breakers.

The converter is now dead and safe access is possible.

3.4

Emergency Off
The emergency off button is located on each control unit of the converter
(see also Figure 2-1).

Figure 3-3

Emergency Off Pushbutton

When the pushbutton is pressed during operation, the following happens:

3-6 (8)

The main circuit breaker opens.

The drive coasts down.

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Chapter 3 - Operation

The message Emergency Off comes up on the control panel display.

1 L ->
600.0 rpm 0
Status...
EmergencyOff
MotorSpeed
0.00 rpm
Power
0.0 %

The DC link discharges.

The converter can be started again after the emergency off button has
been extracted and the reset button on the control panel has been
pressed. The emergency off button returns to its initial position when
turned to the right.

3.5

Alarm and Fault Messages


When a malfunction occurs in the converter or in the equipment monitored
by the converter, the control panel displays a corresponding alarm or fault
message. The message can also be viewed and saved in the fault logger
of the converter when a PC with the DriveWindow or DriveDebug tool is
available.
Two error message levels are used in the converter:

Alarm (warning): an alarm does not shut down the converter.


However, a persisting alarm condition can often lead to a fault if the
condition causing the alarm is not corrected. An alarm cannot be
manually reset. The alarm message will be deleted from the display
as soon as the alarm condition has been corrected.

Fault: a fault always shuts down the affected inverter or the whole
drive. The type of shut-down depends on the origin of the fault.
In general, a fault condition must be corrected and the fault be
manually reset before the converter can be started again.
Depending on the type of fault, the main circuit breaker (MCB) is
opened by the converter or stays closed. Since the MCB is controlled
and monitored entirely by the converter, no external opening
command must be given to the MCB when a fault condition occurs.

Some of the alarm and fault messages are related to other equipment in
use (MCB, transformer, cooling system) and the configuration of the drive
system. For more information on alarms and faults see Signal and
Parameter Table.

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Chapter 3 - Operation

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