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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

For

Proposed Formaldehyde Production Unit

(80 MT/Day)

AT Paramount Chempro , C-6 MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori , Nagpur, Maharashtra

Project Proponent

M/s Paramount Chempro

Environmental Consultant

Anacon Laboratories Pvt. Ltd.

Environmental Consultant Anacon Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. Recognized by MoEF (GOI) as per EPA and valid up
Environmental Consultant Anacon Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. Recognized by MoEF (GOI) as per EPA and valid up

Recognized by MoEF (GOI) as per EPA and valid up to Jan’2019

by MoEF (GOI) as per EPA and valid up to Jan’2019 Accredited by NABL for Chemical

Accredited by NABL for Chemical & Biological), valid up to 03.10.2016

Accredited under the QCI-NABET Scheme for EIA Consultant Certified by ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001:2004, OHSAS 18001:2007 Head Office: 60, Bajiprabhu Nagar, Nagpur-440 033, MS Lab. : FP-34, 35, Food Park, MIDC, Butibori, Nagpur 441122 Ph. : (0712) 2242077, 9373287475 Fax: (0712) 2242077 Email: info@anacon.in, labngp@anacon.in Website: www.anaconlaboratories.com

9373287475 Fax: (0712) 2242077 Email: info@anacon.in, labngp@anacon.in Website: www.anaconlaboratories.com JULY 2016
9373287475 Fax: (0712) 2242077 Email: info@anacon.in, labngp@anacon.in Website: www.anaconlaboratories.com JULY 2016
9373287475 Fax: (0712) 2242077 Email: info@anacon.in, labngp@anacon.in Website: www.anaconlaboratories.com JULY 2016

JULY 2016

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

1.0 INTRODUCTION

M/s. Paramount Chempro has proposed organic chemicals manufacturing unit to produce Formaldehyde of 24000 MT/ Annum at plot no. C 6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist. - Nagpur, Maharashtra.

1.1 NATURE AND SIZE OF THE PROJECT

The proposed project will be mainly involved in the manufacturing of the formaldehyde. The project activities falls under Category 5(f) as stated in Environment Impact Assessment Notification Published on 14th September 2006 and need to obtain the EC from the SEAC. The nature of the project falls under synthetic organic chemicals category.

1.2 IMPORTANCE OF THE PROJECT

Formaldehyde (CH 2 O) is the simplest and commercially most important aldehyde. It is soluble in water, alcohols and other polar solvents. It has a demand in the National and International market. The product is used for the other manufacturing products like Urea- ,Phenol, and melanine formaldehyde resins (UF, PF, and M resins) which is accounted for about 63% of world demand in 2011; other large applications include polyacetal resins, pentaerythritol , methylenebis(4- phenyl isocyanate0 (MDI) , 1,4- butanediol hexamethylenetetramine. Most formaldehyde users are concerned primarily with satisfying captive requirements for derivatives and/or supplying local merchant sales. Formaldehyde is usually produced close to the point of consumption since its fairly easy to make, is costly to transport and can develop problems associated with stability during transport. As a result, world trade in formaldehyde is minimal.

Construction/remodeling activity, vehicle and furniture production, and original equipment manufacturer (OEM) account for the most world consumption of formaldehyde. Demand for these markets is greatly influenced by general economic conditions. As a result, Demand for formaldehyde greatly follows patterns for the leading world economies. Formaldehyde resins are used predominantly in the wood products industry as adhesives. Growth of these resins is strongly correlated to construction/remodeling activity (which accounts for over 50% consumption), and China is the single largest market for formaldehyde , accounting for about 34% of world demand in 2010; other large markets include the United States, Canada, Brazil, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, Italy Belgium, Poland, Russia ,Japan and the Republic of Korea. China is forecast to experience fast growth rates (around 7% per year) and significant volume increased in demand for 37% formaldehyde during 2011-2016.

Asia experiences 5% gap in its demand and supply. Moreover world consumption is forecasted to grow at an average annual rate of almost 5% during 2011-2016. Continuing significant-to-rapid demand growth in Asia (Mainly China) for most applications will balance out moderate growth in North America, Western Europe, Africa and Oceania. Central and South America, the Middle East and Central and Eastern Europe are forecasted to experience a significant growth in demand for formaldehyde during 2011-2016, largely as a result of increased production of wood panels, laminates, MDI and pentaerythritol.

1.3 JUSTIFICATION AND NEED OF THE PROJECT

To meet the increased market demand for Formaldehyde in India and abroad, M/s Paramount Chempro has proposed to manufacture Formaldehyde. The proposed project is at plot nos. C-6, in MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Tehsil Hingna, District Nagpur, Maharashtra.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

1.4 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT STUDIES

In order to assess the environmental impacts due to the proposed project, through EIA study covering various environmental attributes and to suggest an effective Environment Management Plan, M/s Paramount Chempro retained the services of M/s Anacon Laboratories Private Limited (ALPL) Nagpur.

This Environmental Impact Assessment report is based on collection of baseline data through field monitoring of relevant environmental attributes during January 2016 to March 2016 representing winter season with secondary data collection as per requirement of the project.

2.0 PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The basic requirements for operating the units for the production of organic chemicals are availability of fuel, water and other infrastructure like road, electricity. Details of these requirements are as under:

Land requirement

The project proponent has acquired total land of 4050 sq. m. and 12% of total plot area for parking (including visitors parking) and 33 % of non-built area as a green belt. Proposed plantation will be done in approx. 1336 sq.m area out of 4050 sq.m as C-6 from the developer of notified industrial area, Maharashtra from the developer of notified industrial area Maharashtra.

Power and fuel requirement

Power Requirement:

The industry has 250 HP proposed power supply from Maharashtra State electricity distribution corporation Limited (MSEDCL). Thus the total power requirement will be 250 HP.

Fuel Requirement:

Mode of transportation of fuel to site is through Tanker. DG Set will be used in case of Power Failure The details of fuel requirement are as follows:

FUEL REQUIREMENT

Sr.

Fuel

Daily Consumption (TPD/KLD)

Calorific

% Ash

% Sulphur

No

Value (Kcals/kg)

Existing

Proposed

1.

HSD

--

3000 lit/annum

10600-11300

0.01

0.28

Man power requirement

Man power requirement for the construction phase is 20-25 Nos. and operation phase will be estimated as 24 Nos. The company will have one Production Manager, One R&D Manager, Shift Engineers (6 Nos.) and skilled and unskilled labourers to the extent of 16 Nos. The manpower is locally and easily available.

Fire Fighting Facilities

In order to combat any occurrence of fire in plant premises, firefighting facilities will be involved for the various units of the plant. All plant units, office buildings, stores, laboratories, etc. will be provided with adequate number of portable fire extinguishers to be used as first aid fire appliances.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Availability of Raw Materials

The raw materials required for organic chemicals will be made available locally from the local dealers The demand for formaldehyde is based resin (liquid & powder) is constantly increasing to manufacture Electrical Insulation Board and H.P. Decorative laminated sheets & they are widely exported in domestic market and as well as international market. In recent years, general survey report shows that laminated sheets are largely exported in huge quantities to develop countries.

In India, the production cost is low due to the availability of good quality raw materials. This increases the profit margin as compared to other competitors in the world. The Project proponent thus intends to increase the existing production quantity to meet the current and future market demand.

2.1 DETAILS OF MANUFACTURING PROCESS

Formaldehyde (CH 2 O) is the simplest and commercially most important aldehyde. It is soluble in water, alcohols and other polar solvents. Urea- ,Phenol, and melanine formaldehyde resins (UF, PF, and M resins) accounted for about 63% of world demand in 2011; other large applications include polyacetal resins, pentaerythritol , methylenebis(4- phenyl isocyanate0 (MDI) , 1,4- butanediol hexamethylenetetramine. Most formaldehyde users are concerned primarily with satisfying captive requirements for derivatives and/or supplying local merchant sales. Formaldehyde is usually produced close to the point of consumption since its fairly easy to make, is costly to transport and can develop problems associated with stability during transport. As a result, world trade in formaldehyde is minimal.

The process used for manufacturing formaldehyde is partial oxidation and dehydrogenation of methanol using a silver catalyst, or partial oxidation of methanol using a metal oxide catalyst.

3.0

DESCRIPTION OF ENVIRONMENT

3.1

LAND ENVIRONMENT

3.1.1

Land Use Studies

The land-use & land cover map of the 10 km radial study area from the periphery of project site was prepared using Resource SAT-2 , sensor- LISS-3 having 23.5 m spatial resolution and date of pass 29 May 2014 satellite image with reference to Google Earth data. In order to strengthen the baseline information on existing land use pattern, the data covering approx. 20°56’31.3” N latitude and 78°56’55.5” E longitude and elevation 284 meter was used.

3.1.2 Land Use/Land Cover Classification

3.1.2.1 Land Use/Land Cover Classification- Interpretation

The Land Cover classes were extracted following a visual interpretation method or on screen digitization of the Resource Sat-2 Imagery, sensor LISS-3 having 23.5m spatial resolution image. These were later verified by using SOI toposheet and Google Earth imagery. Polygon layers for each class were digitized and the respective areas were calculated. The Land Cover classes and their coverage can be seen as given in table and its distribution is shown in Figure. Total six major land use/ land cover classes were demarcated in the study area and a thematic map of 1:50,000 scale was generated incorporating these classified categories considering the area of the project. The area as a whole represents a gently slope, drained by a number of north to south east flowing rivers which is discharged into the one Vena River, on which one reservoir is constructed for water circulation for MIDC industrial area. It is also observed that the Krishna nala and Murjhari nala which is one of the main streams flows through the project site in SW area and confluence to one of the principal stream

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

for Vena river meets at SE direction also there are various channels which flow into the 10 km periphery of the project area and various reservoirs also present such as Nanhi which is set in Krishna Nala present in W direction from the project site, Bid-Borgaon which is set up in Sashimar Nala present in NW direction from the project site & Wakeshwar reservoir which is set up under the Vena River present in NE direction from the project site.

LU/LC CLASSES AND THEIR COVERAGE IN SQ. KM OF 00-10 KM RADIUS

Sr. No.

LU/LC Class

Area (Sq.Km)

Percentage (%)

1

Built up Land Rural/Urban)

   
 

Settlement

8.99

2.86

 

Industry/other industries

21.23

6.76

 

Road Infrastructure

1.98

0.63

 

Railway Line/Railway Siding

0.59

0.19

2

Agriculture Land

   
 

Cropland/Current Fallow Land

212.89

67.80

3

Water bodies

   
 

River/Nala/Stream

5.69

1.81

 

Pond/Tank

2.89

0.92

4

Scrub/Waste Land

   
 

Land with scrub/Open Scrub

39.56

12.60

5

Dense Forest

9.65

3.07

 

Open Mixed Jungle

7.98

2.54

 

Forest Plantation

1.99

0.63

6

Mining/Stone Quarry

0.56

0.18

 

Total

314

100

Quarry 0.56 0.18   Total 314 100 PIE CHART REPRESENTATION OF LU/LC DETAILS OF 00-10 KM

PIE CHART REPRESENTATION OF LU/LC DETAILS OF 00-10 KM RADIUS

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

21.02

21

20.98

20.96

20.94

20.92

20.9

20.88

20.86

21.02 21 20.98 20.96 20.94 20.92 20.9 20.88 20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79
21.02 21 20.98 20.96 20.94 20.92 20.9 20.88 20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79
21.02 21 20.98 20.96 20.94 20.92 20.9 20.88 20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79
21.02 21 20.98 20.96 20.94 20.92 20.9 20.88 20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79
21.02 21 20.98 20.96 20.94 20.92 20.9 20.88 20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79
21.02 21 20.98 20.96 20.94 20.92 20.9 20.88 20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79

78.88

78.9

78.92

78.94

78.96

78.98

79

79.02

79.04

20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79 79.02 79.04 Legend 10 KM Radius FASLE COLOUR

Legend

78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79 79.02 79.04 Legend 10 KM Radius FASLE COLOUR COMPOSITE

10 KM Radius

78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79 79.02 79.04 Legend 10 KM Radius FASLE COLOUR COMPOSITE OF THE

FASLE COLOUR COMPOSITE OF THE (10 KM RADIUS) STUDY AREA

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

21.02

21

20.98

20.96

20.94

20.92

20.9

20.88

20.86

21.02 21 20.98 20.96 20.94 20.92 20.9 20.88 20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79
21.02 21 20.98 20.96 20.94 20.92 20.9 20.88 20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79
21.02 21 20.98 20.96 20.94 20.92 20.9 20.88 20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79
21.02 21 20.98 20.96 20.94 20.92 20.9 20.88 20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79
21.02 21 20.98 20.96 20.94 20.92 20.9 20.88 20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79
21.02 21 20.98 20.96 20.94 20.92 20.9 20.88 20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79

78.88

78.9

78.92

78.94

78.96

78.98

79

79.02

79.04

20.86 78.88 78.9 78.92 78.94 78.96 78.98 79 79.02 79.04 Legend Open Scrub Industrial Settlement Road

Legend

Open Scrub Industrial Settlement Road Agriculture Land Settlement 10 KM Radius Railway
Open Scrub
Industrial Settlement
Road
Agriculture Land
Settlement
10 KM Radius
Railway

LU/LC MAP OF 00-10 KM RADIUS STUDY AREA

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

3.1.3 Soil - Baseline Status

Soil monitoring was carried out by collecting twelve samples from different locations within the study area to know the existing soil conditions under various land use pattern.

Soil characteristics in the study area

It was observed that the texture of soil was mostly sandy clay to silty loam to clayey in the study area with pH ranged from 6.62 to 7.97 indicating that the soil is slightly neutral to alkaline in reaction.

The electrical conductivity was observed to be in the range of 117.92 to 792.90 µS/cm, generally organic carbon, available NPK values are considered for the fertility status of the soil. The fertility status of soil in the study area was observed to be moderate.

3.1.4 Solid/Hazardous Waste Generation

Other Solid & Hazardous Waste Generation:

The collected solid wastes will be segregated at site for organics & inorganics. Organic wastes will be used for composting and inorganics will be sent to authorized vendors.

The solid wastes generation and mitigation measures to be taken are given below:

SOLID/HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATION

Sr. No.

Source

Anticipated Quantity

Mitigative Measures

 

Biodegradable

1

Domestic Waste

6.0

Kg/day

Composting

2

Gardening Waste

4.2

Kg/day

Composting

3

Process Waste

-

-

 

Non-Biodegradable

1

 

Discarded

plastic

2 Kg/day

Sold to authorized parties

containers/barrels/liners

3.2

AIR ENVIRONMENT

 

3.2.1

Meteorological Data

On-site monitoring was undertaken for various meteorological parameters i.e., wind speed, direction, temperature, rainfall and humidity. The generated data was then compared with the meteorological data obtained from IMD. The windroses specific to the season were drown.It was observed from the windroses that the predominant wind directions are N and E so the impact zone will be S and W directions with the 17.77% calm conditions.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra
MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra SITE SPECIFIC WINDROSE (January - March 2016) 3.2.2 Baseline

SITE SPECIFIC WINDROSE (January - March 2016)

3.2.2 Baseline Status

Ambient air monitoring was carried out at 9 locations at project site and surrounding villages. Various statistical parameters like 98 th percentile, average, maximum and minimum values have been computed from the observed raw data for all nine AAQ monitoring stations. The brief summary of results is as follows:

PM 10 concentration ranged from 39.0-69.0 µg/m 3 in the study area whereas PM 2.5 concentration varied from 10.2-28.1 µg/m 3 in the study area.

The concentration of SO 2 varied from 10.3-19.7 µg/m 3 whereas NOx concentration ranged from 8.2-23.3 µg/m 3 in the study area.

CO concentration was found to be in the range of 0.071-0.98 mg/m 3 whereas, Ozone concentration ranged from 11.0-25.6 µg/m 3 in the study area.

Ammonia concentration ranged from 21.0-46.0 µg/m 3 in the study area and the levels of Hg and as at all the locations were found below detectable limits.

Thus, the overall ambient air quality with respect to above parameters was found to be good and within prescribed AAQMS by CPCB.

3.3 WATER ENVIRONMENT

Water quality Monitoring

Water quality monitoring was carried out within study area. Total 13 water samples were collected from sampling locations, nine (9) from groundwater sources and four (4) from surface water sources.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

3.3.1

Physico-chemical Characteristics

3.3.1.1

Surface water quality

The physico-chemical characteristics of the surface water samples collected and analysed, and are compared with the IS-10500 standards. The analysis results indicated that the pH ranged between 6.75 to 7.64 which are well within the specified standard of 6.5 to 8.5. The TDS was observed to be 219 to 272 mg/l which is within the permissible limit of 2000 mg/l. The Total Hardness recorded was in the range of 170 to 240.80 mg/l as CaCO 3 which is also within the permissible limit of 600 mg/l. The nitrate was found to be in the range of 4.23 to 9.59 mg/l. The levels of chloride and sulphate were found to be in the range of 19.57 to 32.18 mg/l and, 12.4 to 24.6 mg/l respectively. Heavy metals content (i.e. As, Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Fe, Mn, Zn and Hg) were found to be very low and within specified standards. The overall surface water quality was found to be safe for drinking purpose physico- chemically but unsafe bacteriologically and need chlorination before use for drinking purpose.

3.3.1.2 Groundwater quality

The physico-chemical characteristics of groundwater are carried out and compared with the IS-10500 standards. The analysis results indicated that the pH ranged between 7.4 to 8.17 which is well within the specified standard of 6.5 to 8.5. TDS was ranging from 193 to 580 mg/l. Total hardness was found to be in the range of 164-452 mg/l. The fluoride concentrations were varied between 0.16-0.46 mg/l which is within the acceptable limit of 1 mg/l. The nitrate and sulphate were found in the range of <2 to 16 mg/l and 9.40-58.32 mg/l respectively. Calcium varied between 35 to 160 mg/l. The heavy metals content (i.e. As, Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Fe, Mn, Zn and Hg) were found to be within permissible limits.

3.3.2 Bacteriological Characteristics

Bacteriologically, all surface water samples were contaminated and chlorination is needed before use for drinking purpose whereas some of the groundwater samples were also found contaminated and need chlorination before use for drinking purpose. Overall, the surface and groundwater within the study area was found to be good physico-chemically, however bacteriologically found to be contaminated and need chlorination before use.

3.4 NOISE ENVIRONMENT

The noise monitoring was carried out for determination of noise levels at nine locations covering industrial, commercial, residential and sensitive areas within 10 km study area.

It was observed that the noise levels ranged from 43 to 57dB (A) during day time and 40 to 48 dB (A) during night time.

3.5 BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT

Assessment of Flora

A total of 136 plant species were observed in the study area, out of which 63 tree sp., 26 shrub/small

tree sp., 19 herb sp., 15 species of Grasses & bamboo climber & twiner sp. 13 were observed.

Assessment of Fauna

Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, as amended on 17 th January 2003, is an Act to provide for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants and for matters connected there with or ancillary or incidental thereto with a view to ensuring the ecological and environmental security of the country.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Some of the sighted fauna were given protection by the Indian Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 by including them in different schedules. Among the Avifuana in the study area, Pea fowl (Pavocristatus) is included in schedule I of Wild life protection Act (1972), while many other birds are included in schedule IV.

Among the reptiles, Indian Cobra (Najanaja), and Common Rat Snake (Ptyasmucosus), Russell’s Viper (Viperarusselli) were provided protection as per Schedule-II of Wild life protection act, (1972) and Common Krait (Bungaruscaerulus) were provided as per Schedule IV of Wildlife protection act.

Among mammals; Fox (Canisaureus), Felischaus (Jungle cat), Presbytis entellus (Hanuman/Common Langur), Herpestesedwardsi (Common Mongoose) are protected in schedule II

Blubull (Boselaphustragocamelus), Sambhar (Cervus unicolor), Cheetal (Axis axis), Barking deer (Muntiacusmuntjak), Wild Boars (Susscrofa) are provided protection by incorporating them in scheduleIII whereas Porcupine & Hare and five stripped squirrels are included in schedule IV of Wild Life Protection act 1972.

Agriculture

The agriculture crops in study area are mainly categorized as Khariff and Rabi Crops. Major crops cultivated comprise of Bajri, Jowar and Wheat among cereals, gram, tur and pea among pulses while soybean among oil seeds and Cotton among cash crops. Vegetable crops grown were Lady finger, Chavli, Cauliflower, spinach, bringal and onion along with fruit crops like papaya, orange, & mango.

National Parks/Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves, etc.

There are five Reserve Forests & five open mixed Judupi Jungle observed in the study area. No National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserve, Tiger Reserve, are observed within the 10 km radius study area. The nearest wildlife sanctuary Bor Wildlife Sanctuary, its buffer zone boundary about ~21 km in W direction from project site

Threatened Plant Species

No species in the study area appeared to be the endemic, endangered and rare as per the Red Data Book plants of India (Nayar and Sastry 1987).

3.6 SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT

The information including human settlements, demography, and caste composition including amenities like education, health, drinking water, power supply, and communication data was collected, compiled and analyzed with the help of Census data 2011 & Village directory 2001.

Demography

The demographic aspect of the study area consists the various features of the population including size, composition and distribution across the location. The population composition is described here in term of basic demographic features like, household status, age, social composition, education, etc. The distribution of population has been reflected here based on the geographic boundaries. The area covers 49 villages. Out of the total villages, 35 villages are located in Hingana taluka and 14 villages from Nagpur Rural taluka of Nagpur district.

The population distribution in the project area showed that 14407 households were dwelling within the 10 km radius of the project site. The total households include 59763 peoples including 31570 male and 28193 female. Moreover, 7744 individuals of below six years of age group. Among them 4030 were boys and 3714 of girls. The overall sex ratio was 893 & in 0-6 age group 922 female to per

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

1000 male. Total SC population was 8547(14%) and ST population was 8670(15%) of total population

Literacy rate

The overall literacy rate in the study area was 75%. Out of 44776 literate individuals in the area, 24868(56%) male and 19908 (44%) female were literate.

Occupational patterns

The occupational pattern showed around 26575 (44%) under working groups whereas 33188 (56%) were non-working groups. Moreover among the working group, 22283 (37%) was main workers whereas 4292 (7%) was marginal worker. In the main working groups 2616 (12%) were cultivators and 8150 (36%) were agricultural laborers whereas only 446 (2%) were engaged in house hold industries and 11071 (50%) were involved in other professions.

Infrastructure availability

The socio-economic well-being of the area is represented by the infrastructure and the social assets available in the area. In the study area infrastructures are available related to education, health care, communication, transportation, drinking water etc.

Educational Facilities

Out of total 47 villages, 9 villages deprived from medical facility. PHC facility was available in the study area. Most of the villages were availing primary Health centre facility.

Medical Facilities Out of total 47 villages, 9 villages deprived from medical facility. PHC facility was available in the study area. Most of the villages were availing primary health centre facility.

Power Supply Facilities

Electricity facility was available for domestic purpose.44 villages availing electricity, for agricultural purpose.

Drinking Water Facilities

Major drinking water sources were tap water, well water, hand pumps and tube wells in the study area.

Transportation Facilities

Roads are the only means of communication founds in the study area. Out of total 47 villages, 30 villages were connected through bus facility.

Road Facilities

Majority of the villages were connected with paved roads.

Bank Facilities

Only 10 villages were availing bank facility in the form of cooperative and commercial bank and Society.

4.0 ANTICIPATED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES

The identification and appraisal of various impacts due to the proposed project of organic chemicals manufacturing plant during construction and operational phases are presented in details.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

4.1 IMPACTS DURING CONSTRUCTION PHASE

The construction activities will involve setting up of equipment units that will be used for manufacturing organic chemicals. This will require specific manpower which will be catered from outside and thereby the workers. The emission from the activities, it is envisaged that there will be marginal effect on the existing environment. The project proponent, in order to minimize these impacts will undertake the required preventive and remedial measures as outlined hereunder.

1. Land Environment

M/s. Paramount Chempro proposes organic chemicals manufacturing unit to produce Formaldehyde of 24000 MT/Annum. Hence, minor construction work will be required for the installation of new/additional machineries for the proposed project. The area of the plant is almost flat terrain.

2. Air Environment

Impact on Air Quality

As the proposed project will have minor construction activities for the installation of Machineries, there will be less impact due to construction activities. The source of air emission during the construction will include dust from construction activity and excavation of the plant area. These emissions are expected to change in baseline air quality, primarily in the working area only. Some fugitive emissions will generate by transportation of raw materials within the plant premises. To mitigate the impact due to suspended particulate matter (SPM), regular sprinkling of water will be done along with the construction activities.

3. Noise Environment

Impact on Noise Levels

During construction, construction equipment, including dozer, scrapers, concrete mixers, generators, vibrators and power tools, and vehicles will be the major noise sources. Noise during construction is difficult to predict because of the change in activities. Most of construction activities are expected to produce noise levels within the prescribed limit. The noise generated from various sources will be of short duration. Therefore, no significant impact is envisaged in the construction phase.

4. Water Environment

Since the proposed project will be in MIDC industrial area of Butibori where no major construction activities will be carried out, there will not be any adverse impact on the ground water as no drawl of ground water envisaged in the project activities. Water will be sourced from MIDC, Butibori Industrial Area. No disposal of construction waste outside the plant and no leaching are anticipated. Thus the quality and quantity of ground water will not have any adverse impact

5. Biological Environment

The majority of local vegetation in project site is seasonal shrubs, herbs and grasses and naturally grown predominant tree species like Tamarindus Indica (1 No.)Butiamonosperma (Palash) (2 Nos.), VitexNigundo (Nirgudi) (2 Nos.) and Shrubs like Lantana camera (Ghaneri) and Hyptissuaveolins(Rantulsi), Calatropissprocera (Rui), etc. will be removed during site preparation. Efforts will be made in order to minimize the tree cuttings during development stage of the project. Tree cuttings will be compensated by the development of green belt around the periphery of the project site and along the approach road.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

6. Socio-Economic Environment

Direct/ indirect employment opportunities will be generated in the form of skilled, semi-skilled and labour work. Employment opportunities will be given to local population; therefore there will not be additional strain for shelter and sanitation facility. Employment opportunities and demand of construction materials in market will help to improve quality of life in the study area

During construction phase, transportation activities for unloading and loading of construction materials and dust dispersion during construction of building/installation of machines can create air pollution to some extent.

4.2 IMPACTS DURING OPERATIONAL PHASE

1. Land Environment

There may be some contamination in the soil, due to spillages of raw materials during transportation which may affect the soil adjacent to the plant area, if proper care is not taken. The anticipated pollution to soil environment due to plant activities is as follows:

Changes in soil texture due to settling of air borne dust or due to wash off solid particulates by surface or ground water. This will lead to change in porosity, permeability & other such physical characteristics of soil of the area.

Changes in soil chemistry due to addition of foreign materials from polluted air and water due to plant activities in the area.

Mitigation Measures:

Proper mitigative measures like use of efficient pollution control systems, proper stack height and use of top soil in plantation results in no significant impact on soil of the project site.

There will be no impact on soil of the study area located beyond the working area of the proposed project.

Soil samples will be collected and tested at regular intervals from the nearby areas. This will help in mitigation of any harmful impact on soil due to the project activity, if any.

2.

Air environment

The sources of gaseous pollutants within the proposed project are DG sets & Boiler. The emissions of Sulphur Dioxide (SO 2 ) and Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx) will be due to operation of DG set, in case of the failure of the power grid.

In order to control emission of particulates during operation of the DG set, adequate control equipment will be installed and adequate stack height will be provided as per CPCB norms.

There will not be any type of process emission from the proposed activities. The main source of air pollution will be flue gas stacks attached to the boiler in which HSD will use as fuel. The most probable emitted pollutants will be PM, SO2 and NOx.

In the prediction of the impacts, it was assumed that the cumulative AAQ impacts due to the operations of nearby sources in the vicinity are already taken into account in the monitored baseline AAQ data and will be continued to remain same during the operation of proposed project.

Besides these emissions, there will be fugitive emissions arising during the transport of raw materials, loading and unloading of raw materials, raw material storage and handling of materials and transport.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Incremental Ground Level Concentrations

In the present case, a model simulation was carried out for winter season through applying of ISCST- 3 software, the result showed that -

The cumulative concentration levels (Ambient + predicted incremental rise) revealed that the concentration levels for PM 10 , NOx and SO 2 likely to be encountered in the operation of the project are respectively occurring at a distance of about 1 km, 1 km, 1 km in the South & West direction with a concentration levels (cumulative) of 69.13 µg/m 3 , 19.754 µg/m 3 and 25.2 µg/m 3 respectively which is well within the NAAQM levels prescribed by CPCB. Hence it is inferred that considering cumulative concentration levels, the pollution load exerted due to proposed project will be insignificant.

Mitigation Measures:

Flue Gas Emission

Dust collector will be provided to Thermic Fluid Heater Stack

Dust Generation during Storage & Handling

Tarpaulin sheet will be covered on the materials during the transportation. Adequate stockpile height will be maintained. Nose masks will be provided to all workers.

Evaporation Loss from Storage Tanks

All the storage tanks will be provided with proper dip arrangements for exhausts/vents and breather valve.

Loading & Unloading of Materials

Loading and unloading of materials may lead to fugitive emissions. To avoid the same, the materials transfer will be done through fixed piping connections through pumps.

3.

Noise environment

Impact on Noise Levels

As per the model results, the noise levels due to the proposed plant will be in the range of 34 dB (A) to 36 dB (A) near the plant boundaries in all directions. The ambient noise levels will be within the permissible limits after the commissioning of the proposed facilities.

The criteria for the environmental noise control is that the design of the proposed plant will not exceed, in any continuous mode of operation, the level stipulated by MoEF and /or Pollution Control Board at any point on the site boundary.

Noise Control Measures

All the vibrating parts will be checked periodically and serviced to reduce the noise generation. Sound producing equipment will be enclosed in the sound proofing enclosure to give residual sound pressure level of 75 dB (A).

To minimize the adverse effects on health, suitable ear protecting devices will be provided for working personnel.

To reduce the noise generation during the transportation activities; the vehicles will be kept periodically serviced and maintained as per the requirement of latest trend in automobile industry.

The vehicles having PUCs and spark arrestors will only be allowed for the transportation.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Sources of high noise level such as D.G. set etc. will be provided adequate sound enclosures.

The industry will develop greenbelt in 440.88 sq. mt (33%) within the industrial premises for the attenuation of noise levels. Since, the area available for plantation is small; Paramount Chempro will take the initiative to carry out +p0014 lantation programme in part of MIDC, Butibori Industrial area.

4.

Water Environment

The water requirement for the proposed project will be met from the MIDC supply. The proposed daily water requirement is about 165.6 m 3 /day. MIDC supplies treated water to all the units established in the industrial area. Water requirement for proposed project will be fulfilled by Butibori MIDC. No subsurface drawl of water involved in the project activities.

Wastewater Generation

A) Domestic Waste

The total water requirement for domestic purpose is estimated to be 2.16 m 3 /day for proposed project. Domestic sewage will be treated in the Septic Tank & soak pit. The overflow will be used for gardening/ let to MIDC Sewerage line.

B) Industrial wastewater

The total water requirement for the plant is estimated to be 165.6 m 3 /d The wastewater generation is expected to be 24.16 m 3 /d. It will be treated and required after treatment.

Suggested Mitigation Measures:

Domestic Effluent

Domestic effluent will be sent to septic tank/soak pit system.

Industrial Effluent

Industrial effluent primarily will be treated in an Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) having evaporation system. No liquid effluent will be discharged in ground/nearby water body.

Rain Water Harvesting

Rainwater harvesting can serve as a solution to the water problem in the water crises area by capturing the runoff. Rain water harvesting will be implemented within the plant premises / already done

5. Solid/Hazardous Waste Management:

Mitigation Measures

Used Oil will be collected in drums and reused for low grade lubrication of machinery and for rust proofing or sold to registered recyclers

ETP Sludge will be collected in HDPE barrels and stored in hazardous waste storage area and will be disposed off to nearest TSDF site.

Packing Materials discarded carboys/ drums/

HDPE barrels will be stored and sold to MPCB authorized recyclers/vendors.

The company will provide separate storage area for hazardous waste proposed to be generated from the unit. The hazardous waste storage area will have RCC flooring and asbestos roof covering on the top so as to avoid rainwater mixing with the same. The leachate if any, will be discharged to holding tank of Effluent Treatment Plant

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

6. Biological Environment

Impact on ecological environment during operational phase is not envisaged. There are no potential sources of impacts hence no impact on terrestrial biological environment is envisaged during the operational phase.

Based on study conducted for ecology in the study area, no rare or endangered flora/fauna were recorded in the study area except Pavocristatus (Common Indian Peafowl)(Schedule I) species as per Wildlife Protection act, 1972 and subsequent amendments and least concerned species as per IUCN classification. There is no direct impact on Pavocristatus (Common Indian Peafowl) species however, in order to improve the habitat, species conservation plan is suggested

Plantation/Greenbelt Development

M/s. Paramount Chempro proposes to have a green belt programme for the proposed unit. Total plot area is 4050 sq. mt. (i.e. 0.4 Ha.) out of which proposed plantation will be carried out in approx.1336 sq. mt. (i.e. 0.1 Ha). The green belt will be developed in 1336 sq. mt (0.1 Ha) of land which is about 33 % of the total area.

Since, the area available for plantation is small; M/s Paramount Chempro will take the initiative to carry out plantation programme in part of MIDC, Butibori Industrial area.

7. Socio-economic Environment

The proposed project will be in MIDC industrial area. Thus the project will not have any negative impact during operation phase in surrounding communities.

Generation of employment opportunities on regular basis for long term

Contribution to social welfare through project authority

Social upliftment of villages (CSR activities)

MITIGATION MEASURES

Ensure that roads are properly signed, vehicles are well maintained

Drivers are well trained and safety conscious

Cohesive relation should be maintained with the concerned community so that in future any mishap may not disturb the harmony of the region

Need base CSR activities in concerned communities

Establishing vocational training programs for the local workforce to promote development of skills required by the project activities

Impacts on Public Health and Safety

The impact from the waste products is not expected to be significant as the solid waste generated will be sent to TSDF. Also the adverse impacts on ambient air, water and soil quality are predicted to be low.

The impacts on public safety will be very less due to the effective safety system and safety management available with the company. There will not be storage of explosive materials in the plant premises. Overall, the impact on public safety and health from the proposed project activities will be insignificant.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

5.0 ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES (TECHNOLOGY AND SITE)

Study of Analysis of Alternatives Related to Site

The proposed project facility for organic chemicals manufacturing will be carried out at Plot No. C-6, MIDC industrial area Butibori, Nagpur. The land is already acquired by the project proponent. Thus, site alternatives were not analyzed.

Analysis of Alternatives Related to Technology

Since inception M/s Paramount Chempro has proposed organic chemicals manufacturing unit to produce Formaldehyde. The technology to be adopted are already in placed which will be used for the manufacturing of formaldehyde.

6.0 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING PROGRAMME

Regular monitoring programme for the environmental parameters is essential to take into account the changes taking place in the environment during the project implementation. The project proponent will regularly monitor environmental quality with respect to air, water and wastewater, noise levels, ecology and social aspects with respect to employment and quality of life. The details are provided in EIA report.

SL No.

Environmental Parameters

Schedule & duration of monitoring

1.

AIR ENVIRONMENT

1.1

Air quality Ambient air quality monitoring stations will be established inside the factory area as well outside for PM 2.5 , PM 10, SO 2 , NOx, HCs and VOCs. Selection of monitoring stations will be done in consultation with State Pollution Control Board based on the metrological conditions of the area.

Quarterly in association with MPCB or as prescribed by SPCB/CPCB/ MoEF by third party

1.2

Stack monitoring Stack monitoring will be carried out for PM 10 , SO 2 , NOx, HCs and VOCs

Once every 3 months or as prescribed by MPCB/CPCB/MoEF

1.3

Fugitive emissions Hydrocarbons, VOCs, Particulate matter

Once every 3 months or as prescribed by SPCB/CPCB/ MoEF

2.

WATER ENVIRONMENT

2.1

Water quality (surface and ground water) All physico-chemical and bacteriological parameters as specified in IS 10500 for drinking purpose.

Grab sampling, Once in three months or as prescribed by MPCB/CPCB/ MoEF

2.2

Wastewater quality Raw effluent from inlet for pH, SS, BOD, Heavy metals and Phenolics.

Effluent from ETP outlet (After Primary Treatment) for pH, TSS

One grab sample per day

Two 8hourly composite sample per week (flow based)

2.3

BOD, COD, Oil and grease and Heavy metals.

3.

NOISE ENVIRONMENT

 

Noise levels will be monitored within premises near equipment installation, outside the premises and road side with frequency of vehicles during day and night time.

As prescribed by MPCB/CPCB/MoEF by third party

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

SL No.

Environmental Parameters

Schedule & duration of monitoring

4

LAND ENVIRONMENT

4.1

Soil quality pH, EC, Bulk density, ESP, NPK values, CEC, Organic Carbon and Heavy metals

Every year in dry season, in all plantation areas and parking area

5.

HAZARDOUS WASTE

 

5.1

pH, Organic matter, Moisture content, Total inorganic matter

Monthly or as prescribed by MPCB/CPCB/MoEF by third party

6

BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT

6.1

Plantation

Twice in a year

Survival rate of planted species within the plant premises and outside

Study of practical Implementation of conservation plan

7

SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT

 

(Demographic structure, local employment profile, quality of life, Health status of workers through periodic medical checkup, implementation of CSR with periodic budgetary provision, infrastructure availability with respect to amenities)

Once in 4 years

7.0

ADDITIONAL STUDIES

RISK ASSESSMENT AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN

Risk Assessment

M/s Paramount Chempro will be manufacturing Organic Chemicals i.e. Formaldehyde. Hazard is defined as a chemical or physical conditions those have the potential for causing damage to people, property or the environment. The potential hazards at the plant area enumerated below:

Hazard identification is the first step in the risk analysis and entails the process of collecting information on:

The types and quantities of hazardous substances stored and handled in the proposed project

All raw materials and finished products of M/s. Paramount Chempro are not hazardous chemical as per GOI rule 1989 and as mentioned in factory act “schedule-I & II” and hence they are not considered as hazardous. Therefore no specific MCLS and Loss of Contentment Scenario (Loc) Hazards are evident.

Hazard Classification

Man Made

These hazards attributes to human behavior and general practices in day to day activities. These may occur due to ignorance or wrong practices and thus cause injuries and results in to accidents. However such problems can be overcome by adopting discipline act of all personnel’s and following SOP (Standard operating Procedure) and observing statutory compliances.

Natural

Natural hazards deal with environmental and physical state in which plant exists. In such conditions plant may encounter with natural hazards like, flood, earthquake, Lightning, Subsidence, Storm, etc.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

These problems are tackled in initial stage of construction and thus adopting best practices in vogue so that all safety measures and precautions are duly addressed.

Enforced Hazard

These conditions are encountered which is normally beyond control of factory management and may cause damage, accidents due to its intrinsic nature of hazards, Such as sabotage, Theft, Cyber- attack, Pilferage ,Riots, etc.

However to deal with such problems, proponent must be well equipped with communications and maintaining liaison with local administration.

Risk Analysis

Risk analysis involves the identification and quantification of the various hazards (unsafe conditions) that exist in the plant. Risk analysis follows an extensive hazard analysis. It involves the identification and assessment of risks the neighbouring populations are exposed to as a result of hazards present. This requires a thorough knowledge of failure probability, credible accident scenario, vulnerability of populations etc. Much of this information is difficult to get or generate. Consequently, the risk analysis is often confined to maximum credible accident studies.

Scope of the Study

The study aims to analyses the risk associated with the following scenarios in the plant:

Hazards associated with various processes

Raw material storages in the plant

The risk analysis assessment study covers the following:

Identification of potential hazard areas

Identification of representative failure cases

Visualization of the resulting scenarios in terms of fire (thermal radiation) and explosion, if any

Assessment of the overall damage potential of the identified hazardous events and the impact zones from the accidental scenarios, if so occur

Assessment of the overall suitability of the site from hazard minimization and disaster mitigation points of view by reviewing plot lay out and safety distances

Preparation of broad Disaster Management Plan (DMP), On-site and Off-site Emergency Plan, which includes Occupational and Health safety Plan.

Approach to the Study

Risk involves the occurrence or potential occurrence of some accident consisting of an event or sequence of events. The descriptions of the tasks of the various phases involved in risk analysis are detailed below.

Hazard Identification

Identification of hazards is an important step in risk assessment as it leads to the generation of accidental scenarios. The merits of including the hazard for further investigation are subsequently determined by its significance, normally using a cut-off or threshold quantity.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Once a hazard is identified, it is necessary to evaluate it in terms of the risk it presents to the employees and the neighbouring community. In principle, both probability and consequences should be considered, but there are occasions where it either the probability or the consequence can shown to be sufficiently low or sufficiently high, decisions can be made on just one factor.

During the hazard identification component, the following considerations are taken into account.

Chemical identities

Location of process unit facilities for hazardous materials.

The types and design of process units

The quantity of materials that could be involved in an airborne release and

The nature of the hazard (e.g. airborne toxic vapours or mists, fire, explosion, large quantities stored or processed handling conditions) most likely to accompany hazardous materials spills or releases

Major Hazards can be identified as under:

I. Fire Hazard

Fire Explosion and Toxicity Index (FE&TI)

Fire and Explosion Index (FEI) is useful in identification of areas in which the potential risk reaches a certain level. It estimates the global risk associated with a process unit and classifies the units according to their general level of risk. FEI covers aspects related to the intrinsic hazard of materials, the quantities handled and operating conditions. This factor gives index value for the area which could be affected by an accident, the damage to property within the area and the working days lost due to accidents.

II. Toxic Hazard

Toxicity Index (TI)

The TI value is computed from Maximum Allowable Concentration (MAC), General Process Hazard and Special Process Hazard by use of DOW's hazard classification guide. The scale for TI is given below:

Ti range

Degree of hazard

0

6

Light

6

- 10

Moderate

Above 10

High

Classification of Hazard Categories

Preventive and protective control measures are recommended based on degree of hazard. Therefore, FEI indicates the efforts to be taken to reduce risks for a particular unit. FEI computed for chemical in Plant is given below.

FIRE EXPLOSION INDEX

Si. No.

Unit Name

FEI

Category

Paramount Chempro

 

1.

Methanol

82.46

Moderate

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Disaster Management Plan

Disaster Management Plan (DMP) will consider all the factors responsible for management of any small or big disaster. Emergency prevention through good design, operation, maintenance and inspection are essential to reduce the probability of occurrence. However, certain operation & practices may lead to unwarranted situation wherein disaster scenario can emerge. The DMP, therefore, addresses to mitigate the effects of such situation with a view to bring restoration of normality at the earliest. The overall objective of a disaster management plan is to make use of the combined resources at the site and outside services to achieve the following:

To localize the emergency and if possible eliminate it.

To minimize the effects of the accident on people and property.

Effect the rescue and medical treatment of casualties;

Safeguard other people, outside the project boundary;

Evacuated people to safe areas;

Inform and collaborate with statutory local and state authorities;

Provide credible information to news media;

Initially contain and ultimately bring the incident under control;

Preserve relevant records and equipment for the subsequent enquiry into the cause and circumstances of the emergency;

Investigate and take steps to prevent recurrences of similar incidents.

The DMP, therefore need to be related to the identification of sources from which hazards can arise and the maximum credible loss scenario that can take place in the concerned area.

The actions that can successfully mitigate the effects of losses/ emergency need to be planned in a way that it would require less effort and resources to control and tackle emergencies.

8.0 PROJECT BENEFITS

The proposed project of organic chemicals unit will result in improvement of infrastructure as well as overall socio-economic development in the area. The people residing in the nearby areas will be benefited directly and indirectly as well. It is anticipated that the proposed project will provide benefits for the locals during operational phase of the activity.

The company has social commitment and will work further to bring out the development of the surrounding villages by conducting various activities under CSR and thus area and quality of life of people will be improved.

9.0 COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS

The developmental activities due to proposed project will increase economy of the country and also help to increase the economy of the state through products transportation, taxes, supporting economy for nations growth.

The project site is well connected to railways, roadways and airways. The proposed project is planned in the notified Butibori Industrial area. Therefore, it will not involve loss of vegetation and biodiversity. The vegetation is similar in the whole area with no sensitive ecosystem or rare and endangered flora or fauna, hence no environmental loss will be there in terms of net productive value.

Environmental Benefits

Proposed project shall benefit environment in following ways:

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

To create an environment that could support the culture of good standards.

To emphasize the policy of afforestation/landscape and rainwater harvesting to create a better micro-climate in the area

A well designed drainage system to control flooding/overflow of water during the rainy season

The continuous inflow of people will require local transport system like autos, taxis, etc. which would help local transport business.

Considerable number of people will be benefited by provision of job opportunity to local people. Thus, the direct and indirect employment generation by this project.

10.0 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN

Environnemental Management System

Any industrial development is associated with certain positive as well as negative impacts on the environment. However, negative or adverse impacts cannot be possibly ruled out scientific development. At the same time, adverse impacts cannot be neglected.

An Environmental Management Plan (EMP) has been formulated for the mitigation of adverse impacts. It is based on the present environmental conditions and the environmental impact appraisal. This plan helps in formulating, implementing and monitoring the environmental parameters during and after commissioning of the project.

The Environmental Management Plan describes in brief, the management plan for proper and adequate implementation of treatment and control system for pollutants and for maintaining the environment. It also includes development of green belt around the plant, proper safety of the workers, noise control, fire protection systems and measures.

OBJECTIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN

The main objectives in formulating this environmental management plan are:

To treat all the pollutants viz. liquid and gaseous those contribute to the degradation of the environment with appropriate technology.

To comply with all regulations stipulated by the Central / State Pollution Control Boards related to air emission and liquid effluent discharge as per air and water pollution control laws.

To handle hazardous wastes as per the Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling Rules) Rules 1989 and subsequent amendments.

To encourage support and conduct developmental work for the purpose of achieving environmental standards and to improve the methods of environmental management.

To create good working conditions (avoidance of air and noise pollution) for employees.

To reduce fire and accident hazards.

Perspective budgeting and allocation of funds for environment management expenditure.

Continuous development and search for innovative technologies for a cleaner and better environment

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT CELL

The Environmental Management Cell (EMC) will be headed by Manager-Environment having adequate experience in the fields of Environment, Safety and Occupational Health. He will be supported by Environmental Engineer, Safety officer and chemists, analyst and support staff. The Manager-Environment will report to the Operational Head of the Unit.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

11.0 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

The proposed project is environmentally, technically and economically feasible with respect to followings:

All activities are confined to notified industrial area and minimum possible emission is allowed to enter the environment. Thus environment will not be adversely affected in any way.

Wastewater will be pre-treated in full-fledged primary treatment plant. Primarily treated water will be sent to CETP MIDC Butibori.

The development of green belt and plantation will help to attenuate the noise levels and restrict air pollutants and will increase the aesthetics.

Apart from this, the environmental management plan delineated may help to reduce pollution by implementation.

The enterprise social commitment policy (formerly CSR) will work further to bring out the development of the surrounding villages and thus area and quality of life of people will be improved.

The cost of environmental control and monitoring measures are computed and provision for capital & recurring is made by the management.

Concluding Remarks:

Thus it can be concluded on a positive note that after the implementation of the mitigation measures, environmental management and Monitoring Plans as enumerated in the EIA report, the normal operation of M/s. Paramount Chempro will have no significant impact on environment and the project will be benefitted to local people to some extent with an economic growth in state/ country level.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER/

TITLE

PAGE

SECTION

NO.

1.0

INTRODUCTION

1-1

1.1

About the project

1-1

1.2

Location of the project

1-1

1.3

Justification and need of project

1-5

1.4

Importance of the project

1-5

1.5

Project details

1-6

1.6

Promoters and background

1-7

1.7

Purpose of the report

1-7

1.8

Environmental impact assessment studies (scope and methodology)

1-7

1.9

Detailed plan of work

1-9

1.10

Rapid risk assessment

1-11

1.11

Cost of the project

1-12

1.12

ToR compliance

1-12

2.0

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

2-1

2.1

Type of project

2-1

2.2

Project setting

2-1

2.3

Magnitude of operation

2-1

2.4

Proposed schedule for approval and implementation

2-1

2.5

Process description of existing and proposed products

2-8

2.6

Basic requirement for proposed expansion project

2-12

3.0

DESCRIPTION OF ENVIRONMENT

3-1

3.1

Introduction

3-1

3.2

Air environment

3-1

3.3

Noise environment

3-9

3.4

Water environment

3-12

3.5

Land environment

3-23

3.6

Biological environment

3-42

3.7

Socio-economic environment

3-60

4.0

ANTICIPATED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES

4-1

4.1

Impacts during construction and operation

4-1

4.2

Overall identification of matrix

4-18

4.3

Overall assessment of impacts

4-20

5.0

ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES

5-1

6.0

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING PROGRAMME

6-1

6.1

Introduction

6-1

6.2

Environmental monitoring system

6-1

6.3

Action plan for environmental monitoring

6-2

6.4

Budget for implementation of environmental monitoring plan

6-3

6.5

Laboratory facilities

6-4

7.0

RISK ASSESSMENT AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN

7-1

7.1

Introduction

7-1

7.2

Hazard identification

7-1

7.3

MCA Analysis

7-5

7.4

Basis of selecting material to be studied for consequence assessment

7-9

7.5

Computation of damage distances

7-12

7.6

Risk mitigation measures

7-16

7.7

Approaches to Disaster Management plan

7-26

8.0

PROJECT BENEFITS

8-1

8.1

Construction phase

8-1

8.2

Operational phase

8-2

CHAPTER/

TITLE

PAGE

SECTION

NO.

9.0

ENVIRONMENTAL COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS

9-1

9.1

Environmental benefits

9-1

10.0

ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN

10-1

10.1

Introduction

10-1

10.2

Objectives of environmental management plan

10-1

10.3

Environment management cell

10-1

10.4

Fire and safety

10-2

10.5

Noise and communication

10-3

10.6

Occupational health and safety

10-3

10.7

Greenbelt development

10-3

10.8

Pollution control arrangement/ mitigation measures

10-5

10.9

Cleaner production

10-7

10.10

Rain water harvesting

10-8

10.11

Biodiversity conservation

10-11

10.12

Budgetary allocation for environmental management plan

10-14

11.0

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

11-1

12.0

DISCLOSURE OF CONSULTANTS

12-1

12.1

Introduction

12-1

12.2

Credentials of testing lab

12-2

12.3

Services offered

12-3

12.4

Facilities

12-4

12.5

Quality systems

12-5

12.6

Achievements

12-5

 

LIST OF PLATES

PLATE

TITLE

PAGE NO.

NO.

 

1.1

Proposed Plant site view

1-5

2.1

Effluent treatment plant

2-20

3.1

Vegetation covers, crops, agriculture field avifauna and animals within the study area

3-49

3.2

Household survey in Dhwalpeth village

3-68

3.3

Discussion with women group in Mahar Mandwa village

3-68

LIST OF ANNEXURES

ANNEXURE NO.

 

ANNEXURE NAME

Annexure I

:

ToR letter

Annexure II

:

Allotment Letter

Annexure III

:

CCOE (Petroleum & Exclusive)

Annexure IV

:

Environmental Standards

Annexure V

:

Demographic Details

Annexure VI

:

Infrastructure Details

Annexure VII

:

Landuse Pattern

Annexure VIII

:

Electric & Water Bill

Annexure IX

:

Ambient Air Quality

LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE

TITLE

PAGE NO.

NO.

1.1

Index map of the project site

1-2

1.2

Google image showing proposed site of the project

1-3

1.3

Study area map (10 km radial distance)

1-4

2.1

Location of M/s Paramount Chempro in MIDC Butibori industrial area

2-2

2.2

Location of M/s Paramount Chempro in MIDC Butibori industrial area

2-3

2.3

Study area map (10 km radial distance)

2-4

2.4

Layout of proposed Formaldehyde manufacturing unit of M/s Paramount Chempro

2-5

2.5

Flow chart showing manufacturing of formaldehyde

2-10

3.1

Site specific windrose (January March 2016)

3-3

3.2

Study area map with ambient air quality locations

3-5

3.3

Study area map with noise monitoring location

3-10

3.4

Surface and groundwater sampling locations

3-15

3.5

The river/streams/nalas (drainages) within the study area

3-24

3.6

False colour composite of the study area (10 km radius)

3-28

3.7

LU/LC details of 00-10 km radius

3-30

3.8

Pie chart represent the LU/LC details of 00-10 km radius

3-31

3.9

Contour details of 00-10 km radius

3-33

3.10

DEM details of 00-10 km radius with project location

3-34

3.11

Geological map of study area

3-36

3.12

Soil sampling locations

3-38

3.13

BOR wildlife sanctuary (BOR wildlife sanctuary map superimposed on google imagery)

3-45

3.14

Sex ration in the study area

3-62

3.15

Literacy rate in the study area

3-63

3.16

Employment pattern in the study area

3-64

3.17

Infrastructure facilities availability in number of villages zonewise

3-64

3.18

Land use pattern in the study area

3-67

4.1

Windrose diagram January - March 2016

4-4

4.2

Incremental rise of particular matter for existing scenario

4-6

4.3

Incremental rise of SO 2 for proposed scenario

4-7

4.4

Incremental rise of NOx for proposed scenario

4-8

4.5

Cumulative noise levels due to DG sets

4-13

4.6

Water balance

4-15

7.1

Accidental Release of chemicals: A scenario

7- 5

7.2

Damage distances due to failure of TT

7-15

7.3

Offsite emergency plan

7-41

10.1

Environmental management cell

10-2

10.2

Rain water harvesting system

10-10

 

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE

TITLE

PAGE NO.

NO.

1.1

Proposed production capacity

1-6

1.2

Environmental attributes and frequency of monitoring

1-8

2.1

Environmental setting of the site

2-6

2.2

Details about project and resources availability

2-6

2.3

Major industries near project site

2-7

TABLE

TITLE

PAGE NO.

NO.

2.4

Product list (proposed) alongwith production capacity

2-8

2.5

Raw materials details

2-8

2.6

Water requirement

2-10

2.7

Wastewater generation from proposed plant

2-11

2.8

Land (Breakup) details

2-12

2.9

Fuel requirement

2-12

2.10

Stack details

2-15

2.11

Stack details

2-15

2.12

Solid waste generation and disposal

2-15

3.1

Climatological data for IMD, Nagpur (1981-2010)

3-2

3.2

Summary of meteorological observation at site

3-2

3.3

Summary of site specific wind pattern

3-3

3.4

Details of air sampling location

3-4

3.5

Summary of ambient air quality results

3-6

3.6

Levels of volatile organic pollutants

3-7

3.7

Noise monitoring locations

3-9

3.8

Noise levels (db(A) in the study area)

3-11

3.9

Background noise levels in industrial area near highways

3-11

3.10

Vehicular traffic and corresponding noise levels during peak hours in the study area

3-12

3.11

Details of water sampling location

3-13

3.12

Surface water quality

3-17

3.13

Groundwater quality

3-18

3.14

Water requirement (breakup)

3-22

3.15

Wastewater generation from existing and proposed plant and disposal pattern

3-22

3.16

Distance and direction of river/stream/nala present in project site within 10 km radius

3-23

3.17

Data specification used for presents study

3-25

3.18

LU/LC classes and their coverage in sq. km of 00-10 km radius

3-31

3.19

Details of soil sampling locations

3-38

3.20

Physical characteristics of soil

3-39

3.21

Chemical characteristics of soil in study area (soil-water extract)

3-40

3.22

Fertility status

3-40

3.23

Relationship of CEC with productivity

3-41

3.24

Relationship of CEC with absorptivity

3-41

3.25

Levels of heavy metals in soil-water extracts

3-41

3.26

List of flora in the study area

3-49

3.27

List of species in the study area

3-51

3.28

Herbs & grasses in the study area

3-52

3.29

Bamboo & grasses in the study area

3-52

3.30

Climbers and twiners in the study area

3-53

3.31

Agriculture crops grown in the study area

3-53

3.32

Prominent horticultural trees in the study area

3-54

3.33

Sukali RF

3-54

3.34

Junapani RF

3-55

3.35

Degma reserve forest

3-55

3.36

Mammals from the study area

3-57

3.37

Reptiles in the study area

3-57

3.38

List of birds in the study area with its distribution & migratory status

3-58

3.39

Butterflies in the study area

3-59

3.40

Fishes in the study area

3-59

3.41

Population size of villages

3-61

TABLE

TITLE

PAGE NO.

NO.

3.42

Population details in the study area

3-61

3.43

Literate & illiterate population in the study area

3-62

3.44

Employment pattern in the study area

3-63

3.45

Land use pattern (In ha)

3-65

3.46

Villages surveyed

3-67

4.1

Proposed Stack details

4-4

4.2

Short term modeling results

4-5

4.3

Resultant concentrations due to proposed project

4-5

4.4

Vehicular traffic during peak hours in the study area

4-9

4.5

Incremental noise levels

4-12

4.6

Water requirement (breakup)

4-14

4.7

Wastewater generation from proposed plant

4-14

4.8

Solid/hazardous waste generation

4-16

4.9

Prediction of impacts

4-19

4.10

Prediction of impacts

4-20

4.11

Assessment of predicted impacts during construction phase

4-21

4.12

Assessment of predicted impacts during operation phase

4-21

6.1

Environmental monitoring programme

6-2

6.2

Budgetary provision for environmental monitoring programme

6-4

7.1

Inventory of Raw material

7-3

7.2

Degree of hazards based on FEI

7-4

7.3

Fire and Explosion index

7-4

7.4

PASQUILL GIFFARD atmospheric Stability

7-6

7.5

List of damages envisaged at various heat loads

7-8

7.6

Damage criteria for pressure waves

7-8

7.7

Range of thermal flux levels and their potential effects

7-9

7.8

VCE scenario cloud drifting, dilution & quantity of methanol within UEL & LEL for instantaneous release of methanol from catastrophic failure of the tank truck (20 KL)

7-13

7.9

Hazard Distance due to failure of tank truck of capacity 18 MT

7-14

7.10

Damage distance due to VCE for failure of tank truck (20 KL MT)

7-14

7.11

Offsite action plan

7-41

10.1

Recommended species for plantation

10-4

10.2

Pollution control arrangement/mitigation measures

10-5

10.3

Cleaner production aspects

10-7

10.4

Budgetary allocation towards environmental management plan

10-14

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 ABOUT THE PROJECT

M/s. Paramount Chempro has proposed organic chemicals manufacturing unit to produce Formaldehyde of 24000 MT/ Annum capacity at plot no. C 6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist. - Nagpur, Maharashtra. The product is one of the basic organic chemicals and used as a base material in various downstream industries. It is used to produce urea formaldehyde (UF) resins, phenolic (PR) resins, polyacetal resins, butanediol, methylene di-isocyanate (MDI), penta erythritol and other miscellaneous chemicals.

The proposed project will have following advantages:

Economics of scale

Lower power cost

Under MIDC area

Sharing of common infrastructure

1.2 LOCATION OF THE PROJECT

M/s. Paramount Chempro has proposed organic chemicals manufacturing unit to produce Formaldehyde of 24000 MT/ Annum capacity at plot no. C 6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist. - Nagpur, Maharashtra. The unit will be situated at Latitude 20°56’31.3” N and Longitude 78°56’55.5” E within notified MIDC Area (Figures 1.1 to 1.3). The proposed unit will be within the industrial premises admeasuring 4050 sq.m area. The nearest approach road is a MIDC road connected to NH-7, 4.6 km ESE. The elevation of the area is 297m. The land use is a barren land with no vegetation at site. Since, the plot for the proposed manufacturing facilities of the company is allotted at MIDC Industrial area, Butibori, Nagpur, no alternative site was corridered for the establishment of proposed unit. The unit is located at 1.3 km from pohi around 35 km from Nagpur city.

The location of the land confers several advantages, which are summarized as below:

Raw materials availability at competitive price.

Container yard facilities at ICD, Nagpur

The nearest Railway station in Butibori, which is 06 kms from the plant site.

Availability of skilled man power.

Infrastructure facilities are already available at this location.

The project site is at a distance of 4.6 km from the National Highway NH 7.

The plant site photographs are shown in Plate 1.1.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra
MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra FIGURE 1.1: INDEX MAP OF THE PROJECT SITE Chapter

FIGURE 1.1: INDEX MAP OF THE PROJECT SITE

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra
MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra FIGURE 1.2: GOOGLE IMAGE SHOWING PROPOSED SITE OF THE

FIGURE 1.2: GOOGLE IMAGE SHOWING PROPOSED SITE OF THE PROJECT

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra
MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra FIGURE 1.3: STUDY AREA MAP (10 KM RADIAL DISTANCE)

FIGURE 1.3: STUDY AREA MAP (10 KM RADIAL DISTANCE)

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra
PROPOSED PLANT SITE PHOTOGRAPHS

PROPOSED PLANT SITE PHOTOGRAPHS

PROPOSED PLANT SITE PHOTOGRAPHS
PROPOSED PLANT SITE PHOTOGRAPHS
PROPOSED PLANT SITE PHOTOGRAPHS
PROPOSED PLANT SITE PHOTOGRAPHS

PLATE 1.1: PROPOSED PLANT SITE VIEW

1.3 JUSTIFICATION AND NEED OF PROJECT

Since the proposed organic chemical is used as a base material for manufacturing of other chemicals, resins and supporting downstream industries, and to meet the increased market demand for Formaldehyde in India and abroad, M/s. Paramount Chempro has proposed organic chemicals manufacturing unit to produce Formaldehyde of 24000 MT/ Annum capacity at plot no. C 6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist. - Nagpur, Maharashtra.

1.4 IMPORTANCE OF THE PROJECT

Formaldehyde (CH 2 O) is the simplest and commercially most important aldehyde. It is soluble in water, alcohols and other polar solvents. Urea- ,Phenol, and melanine formaldehyde resins (UF, PF, and M resins) accounted for about 63% of world demand in 2011; other large applications include polyacetal resins, pentaerythritol, methylenebis (4 - phenyl isocyanate (MDI) , 1,4- butanediol hexamethylenetetramine. Most formaldehyde users are concerned primarily with satisfying captive requirements for derivatives and/or supplying local merchant sales. Formaldehyde is usually produced

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

close to the point of consumption since it’s fairly easy to make, is costly to transport and can develop problems associated with stability during transport. As a result, world trade in formaldehyde is minimal. Construction/remodeling activity, vehicle and furniture production, and original Equipment manufacturer (OEM) account for the most world consumption of formaldehyde. Demand for these markets is greatly influenced by general economic conditions. As a result, Demand for formaldehyde greatly follows patterns for the leading world economies. Formaldehyde resins are used predominantly in the wood products industry as adhesives. Growth of these resins is strongly correlated to construction/remodeling activity(which accounts for over 50% consumption), and China is the single largest market for formaldehyde , accounting for about 34% of world demand in 2015; other large markets include the United States, Canada, brazil, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy Belgium, Poland, Russia ,Japan and the Republic of Korea. China is forecast to experience fast growth rates (around 7% per year) and significant volume increases in demand for 37% formaldehyde during 2011-2016. Asia experiences 5% gap in its demand and supply. Moreover world consumption is forecasted to grow at an average annual rate of almost 5% during 2011-2016. Continuing significant-to-rapid demand growth in Asia (Mainly China) for most applications will balance out moderate growth in North America, Western Europe, Africa and Oceania. central and South America, the Middle East and Central and Eastern Europe are forecasted to experience a significant growth in demand for formaldehyde during 2011-2016 , largely as a result of increased production of wood panels ,laminates, MDI and pentaerythritol. The demand for formaldehyde is based on resin (liquid and power) is constantly increasing to manufacture Electrical Insulation Board and H.P. decorative laminated sheets & they are widely exported in domestic market and as well as international market. In recent years, general survey report shows that laminated sheets are largely exported in huge quantities to develop countries. In India, the production cost is low due to the availability of good quality raw materials. This increases the profit margin is compared to other competitors in the world. M/s Paramount Chempro to meet the current and future demand with export potential and increase foreign exchange reserves for the country.

1.5

PROJECT DETAILS

1.5.1

Nature of the Project

M/s. Paramount Chempro will be mainly involved in the manufacturing of the formaldehyde (24000 MT/ Annum). The project activities falls under Category 5(f) as stated in Environment Impact Assessment Notification 14th September 2006 and the EC from the SEAC.The nature of the project falls under synthetic organic chemicals category.

1.5.2 Size of the Project

M/s. Paramount Chempro has proposed organic chemicals manufacturing unit to produce Formaldehyde of 24000 MT/ Annum capacity. Proposed production quantity of formaldehyde is shown in Table 1.1.

TABLE 1.1 PROPOSED PRODUCTION CAPACITY

Sl.

Name of Products

Proposed Production Capacity (in MT/M)

No.

1

Formaldehyde

24000

24000

 

Total ( MT/A)

24000

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

1.5.3 Regulatory Framework

According to the EIA Notification 2006 and its subsequent amendments, the proposed project comes under the project activity of 5 (f), Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry under category B and is located in a notified industrial area and requires environmental clearance from MoEF (SEAC & SEIAA). Accordingly, M/s. Paramount Chempro has therefore initiated the process of Environmental Clearance. Project status is as follows:

Sl. No.

Description of Process

Date

1.

Submission of Form I to SEIAA, Maharashtra and ToR presentation before SEAC for proposed project

20 th January 2016

2.

TOR issued by SEAC, Maharashtra.

MoM of 121 st SEAC meeting dtd. 18 th February 2016

The EIA report for the proposed project is prepared as per the approved ToR by SEAC and will be submitted for getting environmental clearance.

1.5.4 Cost of the Project

Total project cost of the proposed project is estimated to be Rs. 741 lakhs (app.)

1.6 PROMOTERS AND BACKGROUND

The project proponent is Mr. Kishor Dharmashi Patel aged about 41 years is an B.Com Graduate with 18 years’ Business experience of trading in plywood & laminates. He is engaged in the functional responsibility of marketing of Formaldehyde.

1.7 PURPOSE OF THE REPORT

M/s. Paramount Chempro has proposed to manufacture Formaldehyde at its Industrial unit at plot no. C 6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist. - Nagpur, Maharashtra

In order to fulfill statutory requirement, application for obtaining approved ToR prior to EC (Form-1) was considered by the State Expert Appraisal Committee Maharashtra for the said proposed project for prescribing TORs to undertake detailed EIA/EMP report in the minutes of the 121 th meeting of the State Expert Appraisal Committee held on 18 th February 2016. The Committee approved the Terms of Reference, vide Item no. 6, SEAC, Maharashtra (copy enclosed as Annexure-I).

M/s Paramount Chempro retained M/s. Anacon Laboratories Private Limited, Nagpur to undertake Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies as per the Terms of Reference (ToR) approved by SEAC, Maharashtra, incorporating baseline environmental status w.r.t. air, noise, water, land, biological and socio-economic components of environment, identification and prediction of impacts, evaluation of impacts and suggesting environmental management plan with environmental monitoring and risk assessment studies with disaster management plan.

1.8 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT STUDIES (SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY)

In order to assess the environmental impacts due to the proposed project, through EIA study covering various environmental attributes and to suggest an effective Environment Management Plan, M/s Paramount Chempro retained the services of M/s Anacon Laboratories Private Limited (ALPL) Nagpur.

Reconnaissance of the area was carried out and various sampling locations to monitor environmental components were identified. Accordingly, primary monitoring was carried out for meteorology, ambient air quality, surface and groundwater quality in the study, soil characteristics, noise levels and flora & fauna along with socio-economics.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Certain aspects related with establishment of socio-economic profiles of people, land use pattern in the study area etc. were carried out based on the review of secondary data collected from various Government and semi-Government organizations.

The ambient air quality monitoring network was set up following the guidelines specified by the CPCB and the air monitoring locations were selected based on the predominant wind direction recorded in the region by Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), Nagpur.

The primary environmental data collected, analysed and the results of the same were compared with the environmental standards prescribed by CPCB. The applicable environmental standards are presented in Annexure-II.

This Environmental Impact Assessment report is based on collection of baseline data through field monitoring of relevant environmental attributes during January to March 2016 representing winter season with secondary data collection as per requirement of the project.

1.8.1 Methodology Adopted in EIA Study

Environmental Impact Assessment study includes identification, assessment, quantitative evaluation and prediction of possible impacts. To minimize impacts of the proposed project on various environmental attributes, mitigation measures are suggested. The EIA report includes the following:

Predominant wind directions in the study area as recorded by India Meteorological Department (IMD) at Nagpur;

Topography, location of surface water bodies like ponds, canals and rivers;

Location of villages/towns/sensitive areas;

Accessibility, power availability and security of monitoring equipment, pollution pockets in the area;

Areas which represent baseline conditions;

Collection, collation and analysis of baseline data for various environmental attributes;

Identification and quantification of impacts based on mathematical and scientific tools; and

Suggestion of mitigation and management measures based on the best industry practices and in-line with regulatory norms.

Field studies were conducted to determine existing status of various environmental attributes as outlined in Table 1.2.

TABLE 1.2 ENVIRONMENTAL ATTRIBUTES AND FREQUENCY OF MONITORING

Sr.

Attributes

Parameters

Frequency

 

No.

 

1 Ambient Air

Quality

SPM, PM 10 , PM 2.5 , SO 2 , NO X ,

24 hourly samples twice a week for three months identified at 9 locations. CO, monitored as three 8 hourly samples in 24 hours.

CO, VOC, NH 3 .

 
   

Wind speed and wind direction,

Continuous with hourly recording through setting up of automatic meteorological station at site and data from Secondary sources: i.e. IMD station at Nagpur.

2 Meteorology

Temperature, Relative humidity and Rainfall.

 

3 Water quality

Physical

and

Chemical

Grab samples were collected once during study period prepared and brought to the laboratory for analysis.

parameters.

   

Soil profile, characteristics, soil

 

Soil

4 characteristics

type and texture, heavy metals, NKP value, organic matter, CEC and exchangeable cations.

Once during study period at 9 locations within 05 km radius of study area.

 

5 Terrestrial

Ecology

Existing terrestrial and aquatic flora and fauna

Through

field

visits

and

from

the

district

forest

authority.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Sr.

Attributes

Parameters

Frequency

No.

 

6 Noise levels

Noise levels in dB(A)

At every location day and night noise level data monitored hourly for 24 hours, once during EIA study.

 

7 Land use

Land use for different categories.

Based on data collected from secondary sources like primary census abstracts of census of India 2011.

 

8 Geology

Geological history

Based on data collected from secondary sources.

   

Drainage pattern, nature of

Hydro-geological data based on data collected from secondary sources

9 Hydrogeology

streams, aquifer characteristics, recharge and discharge areas

 

Socio-

Socio-economic characteristics:

Based on data collected from secondary sources like

10

Economic

infrastructure resources, health status, economic resources.

abstracts of census of India 2011 and village directory

aspects

2001

 

Risk

   

assessment

Identify the areas where disaster

11

and Disaster

can occur by fires and explosions and release of toxic substances.

Risk assessment and modeling.

Management

Plan

 

1.8.2 Scope of the Study

The scope of work is based on MoEF guidelines. The generic structure of EIA is as per EIA notification dated 14 th September, 2006. The scope of work is to prepare environmental Impact and risk assessment report incorporating baseline status with respect to various environmental components e.g. air, noise, water, land, biological and socio-economic, prediction of impacts, evaluation of impacts are carried out including suggestion for environmental management plan and post-project monitoring studies as per the Terms of Reference approved by the State Level Expert Appraisal Committee, Maharashtra. The ToR is attached as (Annexure I).

1.9 DETAILED PLAN OF WORK

1.9.1 Air Environment

Monitoring the existing levels of PM 2.5 ,PM 10, SO 2 , NOx, CO, VOC and NH 3 in ambient air as per CPCB/MoEF guidelines in January-March 2016

Collection of surface meteorological data, viz. wind speed, wind direction, relative humidity, temperature and cloud cover, concurrently with ambient air quality monitoring.

Estimation of gaseous emission from the existing and proposed units and prediction of Ground Level Concentrations of gaseous pollutants through appropriate air quality model.

Strengthening of greenbelt and identification of suitable plant species in the green belt.

1.9.2 Noise Environment

Measurement of noise levels in the existing residential/commercial/sensitive zones of the study area.

Predication and evaluation of impacts due to noise levels arising out of the existing and proposed units on the surrounding environment.

Recommendations of mitigation measures for control of noise pollution.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

1.9.3 Water Environment

Assessment of ground and surface water quantity and quality (primary data base) for physical, chemical and biological parameters including toxic organics and inorganics in the study area

Impact on water demand vis-a-vis regional water balance (proposed).

Evaluation and recommendations for existing wastewater treatment system and suggestions on its augmentation.

Assessment of existing and proposed quantity and quality of effluent to be discharged from the proposed industry.

Delineation of water conservation schemes

Assessment of feasibility of treated wastewater for its recycle and reuse in proposed manufacturing units and use in greenbelt development.

1.9.4 Land Environment

Study of existing landuse and cropping patterns, vegetation, forestry wastelands using ground truth

Studies on soil characteristics in the study area

Assessment of impacts on landuse pattern.

Delineation of measures for utilisation of treated wastewater.

1.9.5 Biological Environment

Assessment of flora and fauna in the study area based on secondary data.

Assessment of impacts on flora and fauna.

Assessment of impacts on terrestrial flora and fauna due to gaseous emissions and landuse changes.

Prediction of biological stress in the study area.

Delineation of measures for abatement/reduction of biological stress.

1.9.6 Socio-economic Environment

Collection of baseline data related to socio-economic profile of the study area with reference to:

- Human settlements, health status, occupational, employment and income pattern.

- Infrastructure resource base, viz. medical, education, water resources, power supply, communication and transportation.

- Economic resource base, viz. agriculture, industries, forest, trade and commerce.

Projection of economic benefits due to the proposed project plan and delineation of measures to minimise the adverse impacts

Assessment of impacts on places of historical/archaeological importance and aesthetic impairment, if any.

Proposed Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

Formaldehyde production unit (24000 MT/Annum), at Plot No. C-6, MIDC Industrial Area, Butibori, Dist.- Nagpur, Maharashtra

1.9.7 Environmental Management Plan

Environmental Management Plan (EMP) was drawn after identifying, predicting and evaluating the significant impacts on each components of environment with a view to minimizing potential adverse impacts and maximising the benefits due to the project.

1.10

RAPID RISK ASSESSMENT

1.10.1

Scope of Work

Rapid risk assessment study comprises hazard identification based on Maximum Credible Accident (MCA) analysis, hazard assessment and evaluation employing techniques of consequence and vulnerability analysis and delineation of onsite Disaster Management Plan (DMP) of offsite Emergency Preparedness Plan (EPP) due to worst case scenarios of proposed developments.

1.10.2 Objectives of Study

Hazard identification taking recourse to hazard indices and inventory analysis.

Generation of release scenarios for escape of hazardous materials.

Computation of damage distances through consequence analysis of failure cases identified with respect to heat radiation and pressure wave to the affected area by the fire, explosion and hazardous releases.

Maximum credible accident analys