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Bass

rules
Page 34

Pg. 33 (Range)
Double bass, Electric bass (fre;ed, fretless): all are transposing
instruments

Concert Range / Sounding

Wri;en Range

Pg. 33 (4 open strings)


4 open strings of Double bass and Electric bass

Wri;en

Pg. 34 (Bass rules)


A. - Use Root when chord change

Pg. 35. Swing. Walking bass

Pg. 36. Bossa Nova. AlternaNng bass

Pg. 34
- C7/Bb, G/Db

Pg. 35. Swing. Upper structure

(5th line)

Pg. 34
B. 5th note

Pg. 36. Bossa Nova. AlternaNng bass

Root

5th

Pg. 34
C. Use only passing notes and auxiliary notes
(in this stage)

Pg. 35. Swing. Walking bass

PN

PN

PN

PN
ChromaNc
PN

Pg. 34
D. Stepwise moNon connect the last note to next
chord change
Pg. 35. Swing. Walking bass

step

step

Pg. 34
E. Pedal point

Pg. 35. Swing. Pedal Point & Upper structure

(5th line)

Pg. 34
F. The shape (for walking bass in Swing style)

1 bar
OR

2 bars

Pg. 34
or
1 bar

Try this example in class

Pg. 34

OR

2 bars

Try this example in class

Pg. 34
All steps

1 bar

Pg. 34
CombinaNon of steps and leaps
Leaps: both are chord tones

Pg. 34

All steps

2 bars

Pg. 34
G. Voice leading - Leading note raise to tonic
- 7th note fall 1 step
- Accidental # raise a step
- Accidental b fall a step


7th note no need
fall one step when
move to the same
chord

LN

Pg. 34

Swing
Bass line &
Chord

Dierent bass pa;erns on Swing

Swing

Drum
00:00:00 Drum only
03:40:00 Add cowbell
03:48:00 Add cymbal
04:06:00 Change to HH

1940s Swing

Chord

at 1:09

Swing

Yamaha Jazz Piano Swing

Pre-record: Walking Bass, Drum (brush on snare)


00:45:00 walking bass & change drum pa;ern.

Swing

Autumn Leaves - Jazz Piano Tutorial - Swing

00:17:00 Verse:
00:44:00 Chorus: Walking bass. Change drum pa;ern (add ride cymbal)

Pg. 35 (Bass)
1) Use root only (b.1-4)

Intro

Intro: - usually dierent rhythm from A


- Use root only

A

Walking bass

Pg. 35 (conNnue)
2) Walking bass (b. 5-12)

A

Pg. 35 (conNnue)
3) Alterna;ng bass alternate using root and 5th notes (b. 13-14)

AlternaNng bass

Walking bass
All chord tones

Pg. 35 (conNnue)
4) Stop ;me or AAack play together with kick a;ack (b. 10, 14, 16, 18)

Pg. 35 (conNnue)
5) Pedal point & Stop ;me at b. 17-20

F pedal point

Bb pedal point

Swing: chord
1. Leaping bass, alternaNng bass and variaNons.

Leaping Bass

AlternaNng Bass

VariaNon from the above


example

Swing: chord (conNnue)


1-bar pa;ern: repeat the same pa;ern in every bar

2-bar pa;ern: repeat the 2-bar pa;ern throughout a secNon or
a phrase

4-bar pa;ern: repeat the 4-bar pa;ern throughout a secNon or
a phrase or whole piece


Random: dierent rhythm in every bar

Swing: chord (conNnue)


Random, improvisatory



Game: 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & (quavers)

Programming

Example: pg. 35

Swing (Drum only) for example at pg. 35


Swing Jazz Drum Track 95 BPM Backing Track

Bossa Nova
Bass line
Chord

Bossa

Bossa Nova Jazz Music/ Relaxing Summer Music


TWO HOURS (Tropical Beach Chill Out Music Video)

Bossa
Bossa Nova-Jazz House-Lounge Vol. 1 || Dj Fernando Mota

Pg. 36 (Bass)
1) Typical Bossa Using alternaNng bass (root and 5th notes)

Pg. 36(conNnue)
2) Varia;on Bossa

Pg. 36 (conNnue)
3) Stop ;me or AAack accent with kick a;ack (b. 8, 12, 15, 16)

AnNcipaNon chord and bass

4) Two chords in one bar

Need bass (low bass)

5) Simplied bass line

Example 1

Example 2

Example 3

Example 4

Bossa Nova (chord)


Usually in 2-bar paAern
Example 1

Bossa Nova (chord)


Other examples
Example 2

Example 3

Example 4

Example 5

Bossa Nova (chord)


Score example: The Girl from Ipanema (Pg. 155-158)

Programming

Example: pg. 36

Bossa Nova (Drum only)


Drum Groove - Bossa Nova 120 BPM