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97 Aufrufe10 SeitenIITJEE PREVIIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS FOR KINEMATICS

Dec 28, 2016

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IITJEE PREVIIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS FOR KINEMATICS

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97 Aufrufe

IITJEE PREVIIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS FOR KINEMATICS

© All Rights Reserved

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

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KINEMATICS

FILL IN THE BLANKS

1. A particle moves in a circle of radius R. In half the period of revolution its displacement is ...... and distance covered

is ...........

(1983; 2M)

2. Four persons K, L, M, N are initially at the four corners of a square of side d. Each persons now moves with a

uniform speed v in such a way that K always moves directly towards L, L directly towards M, M directly towards

N and N directly towards K. The four persons will meet at a time .....

(1984; 2M)

3. Spotlight S rotates in a horizontal plane with constant angular velocity of 0.1 rad/s. The spot of light P moves along

the wall at a distance of 3m. The velocity of the spot P when = 45 (see Fig.) is .... m/s

(1987; 2M)

S

3m

4. The trajectory of a projectile in a vertical plane is y = ax bx2, where a, b are constants, and x and y are respectively

the horizontal and vertical distances of the projectile from the point of projection. The maximum height attained is

............. and the angle of projection from the horizontal is .........

(1997C; 1M)

TRUE/FALSE

1. Two balls of different masses are thrown vertically upwards with the same speed. They pass through the point of

projection in their downward motion with the same speed (Neglect air resistance).

(1983; 2M)

2. A projectile fired from the ground follows a parabolic path. The speed of the projectile is minimum at the top of

its path.

(1984; 2M)

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

Only One option is correct :

1. In the arrangement shown in the figure the ends P and

Q of an unstretchable string move downwards with

uniform speed U. Pulleys A and B are fixed. Mass

M moves upwards with a speed :

(1982; 3M)

(a) zero

(b) 1/ 2 m/s 2 towards north-east

(c)

(d)

1

2

1

m/s 2 towards north

2

3.

Q

M

(a) 2Ucos

(c) 2U/cos

(b) U/cos

(d) U cos

5 m/s. In 10 s the velocity changes to 5 m/s northwards.

8

5 m/min. A man on the south bank of the river, capable

of swimmng at 10 m/min in still water, wants to swim

across the river in the shortest time. He should swim

in a direction :

(1983; 1M)

(a) due north

(b) 30 east of north

(c) 30 west of north (d) 60 east of north

4.

(c) 4

5.

8.

crosses a river of width 1 km along the shortest

possible path in 15 minutes. The velocity of the river

water in km/hr is :

(1988; 2M)

(a) 1

(b) 3

(d)

a

10 m/s2

41

bowl. It passes the point A at t = 0. At this instant of

time, the horizontal component of its velocity is v. A

bead Q of the same mass as P is ejected from A at t

= 0 along the horizontal string AB, with the speed v.

Friction between the bead and the string may be

neglected. Let tp and tQ be the respective time taken by

P and Q to reach the point B. Then : (1993; 2M)

(a) tp < tQ

Q

(b) tp = tQ

A

B

(c) tp > tQ

lengthofarc ACB

(d) t = lengthof chord AB

Q

t(s)

11

(c) 550 m/s

9.

tp

6.

time (t) is as shown in the figure. The maximum speed

of the particle will be :

(2004; 2M)

(b) 55 m/s

(d) 660 m/s

plane starting from rest. Let S n be the distance travelled

Sn

is :

Sn+1

from t = n 1 to t = n. Then

C

(2004; 2M)

in a semicircle (see figure). The magnitude of the

average velocity is :

(1999; 2M)

(a)

2n 1

2n

(b)

2n + 1

2n 1

(c)

2n 1

2n + 1

(d)

2n

2n + 1

displacement. Which one of the graph given below

correctly respresents the variation of acceleration with

displacement :

(2005; 2M)

1.0

m

v

v0

B

(a) 3.14 m/s

(c) 1.0 m/s

7.

(d) zero

ground. It hits the ground and bounces up vertically

to a height d/2. Neglecting subsequent motion and air

resistance, its velocity v varies with height h above the

ground as :

(2000; 2M)

V

V

d

(a)

x0

(a)

(b)

(b)

x

V

d

(c)

(d)

(c)

(d)

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

3.

1. A particle of mass m moves on the x-axis as follows

: it starts from rest at t = 0 from the point x = 0, and

comes to rest at t = 1 at the point x = 1. No other

information is available about its motion at intermediate

times (0 < t < 1). If denotes the instantaneous

acceleration of the particle, then :

(1993; 2M)

(a) cannot remain positive for all t in the interval

0 t 1.

(b) || cannot exceed 2 at any point in its path

(c) || must be 4 at some point or points in its path

(d) must change sign during the motion, but no other

assertion can be made with the information given

2.

given by x (t) = a cos (pt) and y (t) = b sin (pt) where,

a, b (< a) and p are positive constants of appropriate

dimensions. Then :

(1999; 3M)

(a) the path of the particle is an ellipse

(b) the velocity and acceleration of the particle are

normal to each other at t = /2p.

(c) the accleration of the particle is always directed

towards a focus

(d) the distance travelled by the particle in time interval

t = 0 to t = /2p is a

fire one shot each with the same speed 5 3 m/s at

some interval of time. One gun fires horizontally and

other fires upwards at an angle of 60 with the

horizontal. The shots collide in air at point P find :

(a) the time interval between the firings and

(b) The coordinates of the point P. Take origin of the

coordinate system at the foot of the hill right

below the muzzle and trajectories in x-y plane.

(g = 10 m/s 2)

4.

x-axis under the influence of a force F (x) = k/2x2

where k = 102 Nm2. At time t = 0 it is at x = 1.0 m and

its velocity, v = 0.

(1998; 8M)

(a) Find its velocity when it reaches x = 0.5 m

(b) find the time at which it raches x = 0.25 m.

5.

smooth plane of inclination . From a point P on the

bottom of the box, a particle is projected inside the

box. The initial speed of the particle with respect to the

box is u and the direction of projection makes an angle

with the bottom as shown in the figure.

Q

P

SUBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

1.

simultaneously projected from points A and B on the

ground. The initial velocities of P and Q makes 45 and

135 angles respectively with the horizontal AB as

shown in the figure. Each particle has an initial speed

of 49 m/s. The separation AB is 245 m.

P

45

A

(1998; 8M)

(a) Find the distance along the bottom of the box

between the point of projection P and the point Q

where the particle lands (Assume that the particle

does not hit any other surface of the box. Neglect

air resistance).

(b) If the horizontal displacement of the particle as

seen by an observer on the ground is zero, find

the speed of the box with respect to the ground

at the instant when the particle was projected.

135

B

undergo a collision. After the collision, P retraces its

path. Determine the position Q where it hits the ground.

How much time after the collision does the particle Q

take to reach the ground? (Take g = 9.8 m/s 2).

(1982; 8M)

6.

y = 1.25 m on a plank P raised above the ground. At time

t = 0, the plank starts moving along the + x direction

with an acceleration 1.5 m/s 2. At the same instant a stone

r

y

2.

inclined plane in its path at a height h. As a result of this

impact the direction of the velocity of the body becomes

horizontal. For what value of (h/H) the body will take

maximum time to reach the ground?

(1986; 6M)

1.25m

10

3.0m

hitting the object during its downwards motion at an

angle of 45 to the horizontal. All the motions are in

of the trolley. Calculate the angle made by the

velocity vector of the ball with the x-axis in this

frame.

(b) Find the speed of the ball with respect to the

surface if = 4/3.

(2002; 5M)

x-y plane. Find u and the time after which the stone

hits the object. Take g = 10 m/s 2.

(2000; 10M)

7.

x-y plane. a small trolley A is moving along a straight

line parallel to the y-axis (see figure) with a constant

velocity of ( 3 1) m/s. At a particular instant when

the line OA makes an angle of 45 with the x-axis, a ball

is thrown along the surface from the origin O. Its

velocitymakesananglewith the x-axis and it hits the

trolley.

1. Statement I : For an observer looking out through the

window of a fast moving train, the nearby objects

appear to move in the opposite direction to the train,

while the distant objects appear to be stationary.

Because

Statement II : If the observer and the object are

r

r

moving at velocities v1 and v2 respectively with

reference to a laboratory frame, the velocity of the

r r

object with respect to the observer is v2 v1.

y

A

45

(2008; 3M)

(a) If Statement I is true, Statement II is true; Statement

II is the correct explanation for Statement I.

(b) If Statement I is true, Statement II is true; Statement

II is not a correct explanation for Statement I.

(c) If Statement I is true; Statement II is false.

(d) If Statement I is false; Statement II is true.

ANSWERS

FILL IN THE BLANKS

1. 2R, R

2. d/v

3.

4. a 2/4b, tan1(a)

0.6

TRUE/FALSE

1.

2. T

1.

8.

(b)

(b)

2. (c)

9. (c)

3. (a)

10. (a)

4. (b)

5. (a)

6. (b)

1.

(a, c)

2. (a, b, c)

SUBJECTIV QUESTIONS

1

2

2.

3.

5.

(a)

r

6. u = ( 3. 75i + 6.25 j) m/s; 1 s

7.

u 2 sin2

u cos( + )

(b)

(down the plane)

g cos

cos

1.

(a) 1 s (b) (5 3 m, 5 m)

(b)

11

7. (a)

SOLUTIONS

FILL IN THE BLANKS

2.

B

1.

Displacement = AC = 2R

Distance = ABC = R

C

2.

2.

By relative velocity of

approach

1.

r

dr = v dt

highest point potential energy is maximum. Therefore,

kinetic energy and hence speed should be minimum.

l 2 = c2 + y2

Differentiating this equation with respect to time, we get

P

dl

dy

c Q

2l

45

v

or,

= v dt

d = vt

ALT :

d

v

dt

dy = l dl

dt y dt

R

M

x = 3 tan

2.

3

or

vm =

(b)

U

cos

r

r r

r

v v f vi

a avg =

=

t

t

vf =5 m/s

5 2 m/s

dx

d

= 3sec 2 = 3 sec2

dt

dt

4.

a 2bx = 0 x =

a

2b

r

5 2

1

a avg =

=

m/s 2 (in north west direction)

10

2

r

r

v f vi

r

a avg =

ALT :

t

(i)

(ii)

dy

dx

( x =0) = a = tan

= tan 1 ( a)

1

1

= i + j

2

2

TRUE FALSE

1.

45

vi =5 m/s

r

v = 5 2 m/s in north-west direction.

y = ax bx2

For height (or y) to be maximum

dy

=0

dx

= 0.6 m/s

the mass of the body.

12

U = v m cos

x

= tan

3

3.

=0+2y

U

vm =

cos

t=

dt

5 j 5i

10

r

1

| aavg | =

m/s 2 and = 135

2

(c)

3.

d = ( vBR cos ) t

V

VBR

d

t=

vBR cos

VR

means = 0

For minimum time, he should swim periodicular to

river flow.

4.

v

sin = R

v BR

t=

cos =

Hence, v max =

9.

6.

= 37

&

3 v

sin 37 = = R

5 5

one while between CB a retarded one. But in any case

horizontal component of its velocity will be greater

than or equal to V. Horizontal displacement for both

the particles are equal. Therefore, tP < tQ.

(a)

|Average velocity| =

a =v

v 2

x 0

x0

and negative intercept.

(a).

i.e., v - h graph will be a parabola (because equation

is quadratic).

(ii) Initially velocity is downwards (-ve) and then after

collision it reverses its direction with lesser magnitude,

i.e, velocity is upwards (+ve). Graph (a) satisfies both

these conditions.

Note that time t = 0 coresponds to the point on the

graph where h = d

dv

dx

v

v v

= 0 x + v0 0 = 0

x0

x0 x0

AB 2

= = 2m / s

time 1

(c)

v

v = 0 x + v0

x0

displacement

time

v = u 2 gh

1

a(2n 1)

Sn

2n 1

= 2

S n+1 1 a{2( n + 1) 1} = 2n + 1

2

10. The v-x equation from the given graph can be written

as

(b)

1

a( 2n 1)

2

Given : u = 0

7.

(b)

Sn = u +

4

5

1

10 11 = 55 m/s

2

v R = 3 km/hr

5.

in velocity.

15

1 km

=

60 5 cos

1 2 : v increases

downwards

At 2 velocity changes

its directions

2 3 v decrease upwards

(a)

8.

VBR

collision takes

2

place here

VR

d

vBR cos

at t = 0, h = d

1.

cannot be positive for all time in the interval 0 t 1.

Therefore, first the particle is accelerated and then

retarded. Now,

t = 1s, s = 1m

s = Area under v - t graph

13

t

vmax = 2 m/s

only vx and a y are left.

or we can say that velocity is along negative x-axis

and acceleraion along y-axis.

Hence, a t = /2p velocity and acceleration of the

particle are normal to each other. So, option (b) is also

correct.

In case 2 : Acceleration = Retardation = 4 m/s 2

In case 1 : Acceleration > 4 m/s 2 while

Retardation < 4 m/s 2

While in case 3 : Acceleration < 4m/s 2 and

Retardation > 4 m/s 2

Hence, 4 at some point or points in its path.

(a, c)

2.

y = b sin (pt) sin (pt) =

x

a

t= 2p

a

ax

...(1)

y

b

vy

t=0

y = 0 =vx = ay

x =a

vy = bp and

ax = ap 2

...(2)

x2

2

y2

=1

r

r(t ) = xi$ + y $j = a cos p t $i + b sin pt $j

(a) is correct.

From the given equations we can find :

r

a(t ) = a x $i + a y $j

= p 2 [a cos pt $i + b sin pt $j ]

dx

= vx = ap sin pt

dt

2

d x

dt 2

= ax

dy

= vy

dt

d2y

dt 2

= p 2 [x $i + y $j ] = p 2 (t)

Therefore, acceleration of the particle is always directed

towards origin.

Hence, option (c) is also correct.

At t = 0, particle is at (a, 0) and at t = /2p

particle is at (0, b). Therefore, the distance covered is

one-fourth of the elliptical path not a.

Hence, option (d) is wrong.

= ap 2 cos pt

= bp cos pt and

= ay = bp 2 sin pt

At time t = /2p or pt = /2

SUBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

1.

2 49

2

= 49 2 m / sec

(u P ,Q ) y = 0

t=t

aP,Q = 0

( u P, Q ) x = 2u cos 45 =

Q

P 49 m/sec

45

A

14

49 m/sec

45

B

245 = 49 2 t

u = 5 3 m/s

u cos 60 = (5 3) m/s = 2.5 3 m/s

2

and

2

t=

3.

2

motion

Both these particles actually collide at maximum

height of whole motion.

By conservation of line or momentum at maximum

height,

20 49 cos 45 40 49 cos 45

y

2

u

Q

60U

= 20 49 cos 45 + 40VQ

1

h

V =0

Q particle after collision falls freely. So time taken

by Q particle to reach ground,

10m

1

H = gt 2

2

2.

t=

P

(x, y)

y = 10 h

x

u 2 sin 2 1 2

= gt

2g

2

are equal the second should be fired early because its

horizontal component of velocity u cos 60 is less then

the others which is u.

Now let first shot takes t 1 time to reach the point P and

the second t2. Then,

x = (u cos 60) t2 = ut 1

u sin

5

=

sec = 3.53 sec

g

2

to C. Then,

or,

or,

x = 25 3 t2 = 5 3 t1

t2 = 2t1

and

h = (u sin60)t2 +

Taking

g = 10 /s 2

....(1)

...(2)

Hh

y = 5t 22 7. 5t2 = 5t12

...(3)

Substituting t2 = 2t1in Eq. (3), we get

B

h

or,

t1 =

2( H h)

g

and

t2 =

2h

g

and

1

h

2 1

1

+

=0

g 2 H h 2 h

1

h

1

=

2h = H

H 2

H h

(From Eq. 3)

h = 5t12 = 5(1)2 = 5m

y = 10 h = (10 5) = 5m

Hence,

(a) Time interval between the firings = t 2 t 1 = (2 1)s

t = 1 s

dt

=0

dh

15t12 15t1 = 0

t1 = 0 and t2 = 2 s

x = 5 3t1 = 5 3 m (From eq. 1)

t = t1 + t2 = g [ H h + h ]

For t to be maximum

Now,

1 2 1 2

gt2 = gt1

2

2

4.

15

(a)

ma =

k

2x2

a =

k 1

m 2x2

vdv =

k

2m

vdv

k

=

dx

2mx 2

dx

v2

k 1

k 1

=

1 v 2 = 1

2 2m x

mx

(b) v =

0 .25

s = ut +

102 10

1 = 1 m/ sec

102 5

v = 1 m/ sec

It is in x direction

dx

1 x

=

dt

x

t

x

dx = dt

1 x

/ 6

/ 2

(1 cos 2) d = t

/ 2

u 2 sin 2

Vu sin

u 2 sin 2 sin

= 2

2

g cos

g cos

g cos2

2Vu sin

=

2

g cos

g cos

g cos

6.

r

r

1r

sP, B = xi + yj = u P, Bt + aP, Bt 2

2

Let t be the time taken after which the stone hits the

r

object and be the angle which the velocity vector u

makes with horizontal.

(a) For vertical displacement

1.25 = (u sin ) t

gt 2

2

...(1)

u sin t = 1.25 + 5t 2

(b) Horizontal displacement of stone = 3 +

displacment of object

1

xi + yj = (u cos tj + u sin tj) g cos t 2 j

2

( u cos t) = 3 +

1

y = 0 = u sin t g cos t 2

2

t=

u cos( + )

cos

r

a P, B = g cos j

V=

r

u P, B = u cos i + u sin j

r

a B = g sin i

r

aP = g sin i g cosj

2u sin 1

2u sin

u 2 sin 2

= V

g sin

g cos

g cos 2

g cos

=

g cos

g cos2

3

t = +

sec

3

4

5.

2Vu sin

2u2 sin

=

2

g cos

g cos

/ 6

2 sin d = t

1 2

at

2

2Vu sin

2u2

=

2

g cos

g cos

u 2 sin 2

g cos

displacement to be zero, the distance travelled by

the box should be equal to the range of the

particle inside the box. So

v2

k 1

=

2

2m x 1

v x =0.5 =

2u sin

x = u cos t = u cos

g cos

1 2

at

2

u cos t = 3 + 0.75t 2

2u sin

g cos

(c)

16

tan 45 =

u cos

(u sin gt)

...(2)

u cos = gt u sin

...(3)

VB

V

= T VB = 2 m/sec

sin 135 sin 15

u cos t = gt 2 u sin t

...(4)

u = 2 m/s

3t 0. 75t 2 = 9t 2 (1. 25 + 5t 2 )

3 + 0.75t 2 = 5t 2 1. 25

v1

4.25 = 4.25t 2

t 2 = 1sec

From (1) u sin = 6.25 m/sec

u cos = 3.75 m/sec

r

v = 3. 75i + 6.25 j

v2

1.

2

1

7.

2 > 2 2 > 1

Statement-II, is formula of relative velocity. But it does

not explain statement-I correctly. The correct

explanation of statement-I is due to visual perception

of motion. The object appears to be moving faster,

when its angular velocity is greater w.r.t. observer.

(b)

r

be along OA for the ball to hit the trolly. Hence, v BA

will make an angle of 45 with positive x-axis.

= 45

(b)

4

= 60

3

VT

135

VB

15

45

VB,T

45

17

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