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Q.1924log(TS) Solve for x: log2 (4 x) + log (4 x) . log x 2 log2 x = 0.


2
2

7 3 24
[Ans. 0, ,
]
4
2

[Sol.

1
1

log2 (4 x) + log (4 x) . log x 2 log2 x = 0


2
2

log(4 x) = A & log x = B


2

A2 + AB 2B2 = 0
A2 + 2AB AB 2B2 = 0
A(A + 2B) B(A + 2B) = 0
A = B or
A = 2B

let

log(4 x) = log x
2

4x=x+

2x =

7
2

x=

7
4

log(4 x) = 2 log x
2

4x=

1
2

x (1 2)

4x2 x3 + 1

(4 x)(x2 +

1
+ x) = 1
4

x
+ 4x x2 1 = 0
4

15 x
=0
4
x(4x2 12x 15) = 0
x=0
or
4x2 12x 15 = 0

x3 3x2

x=
Reject x =

12 144 240
12 384
12 4 24
3 24
=
=
=
8
8
8
2

3 24
3 24
; hence x =
2
2

7 3 24
x = 0, ,
]
4
2

[6]

Q.17 Solve the system of equations 5(logxy + logyx) = 26 and xy = 64.


[Ans. (32, 2) or (2, 32)]
[Sol. Let
logxy = t
hence 1st equation is 5(t +

[6]

1
) = 26
t

5t2 26t + 5 = 0
5t2 25t t + 5 = 0
5t(t 5) (t 5) = 0
(t 5)(5t 1) = 0
hence t = 5 or t = 1/5
if
t = 5 logxy = 5
64
x

x5 = y =

if

x6 = 64
x = 2 and y = 32
t = 1/5 then logxy = 1/5
y = x1/5
x = y5

(use 2nd equation)

64
= y5
y

y6 = 64 y = 2 and x = 32
hence solutions are (32, 2) or (2, 32) Ans. ]
4

r 4
(2r 1)

(2r 1)
=
sin 8 cos 8 .
r 1
r 1
Also find their exact numerical value.
r 4

Q.18 Prove that

[6]
[Ans. 3/2]

[Sol.

4
LHS = sin

3
5
7
sin 4
sin 4
sin 4
8
8
8
8

2 sin 4 sin 4 = 2 sin 4 cos 4 = 21 2 sin 2 cos 2


8
8
8
8
8
8

1 2
1
3
3
= 21 = 2
= 21 sin
=
4
4
2
2
4
4
RHS = cos

3
5
7
cos 4
cos 4
cos 4
8
8
8
8

2 cos 4 cos 4 = 2 sin 4 cos 4 = 21 2 sin 2 cos 2


8
8
8
8
8
8

1 3
= 21 = ]
4 2

1 cos
(ii) tan2 =
=
2 1 cos

tan

4
5 = 1
4
9
1
5
1

1
1
=
or
Ans. ]
2 3
3

Q.14 If log1227 = a find the value of log616 in term of a.

[5]

3 log 2 3
2 log 2 3 = a

[Sol.

3 log2 3 = 2a + a log23
(3 a) log23 = 2a
log23 =

2a
3a

now

log 2 16
4
log616 = log 6 = 1 log 3
2
2

but

1 + log23 = 1 +

log616 =

Q.15 Prove the identity,

2a
3 a
=
3a
3a

4(3 a )
Ans. ]
3 a
sin x cos x 1 1 sin x
x
=
= tan , wherever it is defined. Starting with left
sin x cos x 1
cos x
4 2

hand side only.


[Sol.

[5]

2 cos x (1 cos x )
(sin 2 x ) (cos x 1) 2
2 cos x (cos 2 x 1)
LHS =
=
2 =
2(1 sin x )(1 cos x )
(sin x cos x 1)
2 2 sin x cos x 2 cos x 2 sin x
=

cos(x 2) sin( x 2) 1 tan(x 2)


x
cos x
(1 sin x )
=
= cos(x 2) sin( x 2) = 1 tan( x 2) = tan ]
1 sin x
cos x
4 2

Q.16 Find the exact value of cos 24 cos 12 + cos 48 cos 84.

[5]
[Ans. 1/2]

[Sol.

LHS = (cos 24 cos 84) (cos 12 cos 48)


2 sin 54 sin 30 2 sin 30 sin 18
sin 54 sin 18
cos 36 sin 18
5 1

5 1 1
=
Ans. ]
2
4

Q.9

Assuming that x and y are both + ve satisfying the equation log (x + y) = log x + log y find y in terms of
x. Base of the logarithm is 10 everywhere.
[3]
x
[Ans. y =
]
x 1
[Sol. log(x + y) = log x + log y
log(x + y) = logxy

x + y = xy
y(x 1) = x
x

y=
Ans. ]
x 1
cos x cos 3x
Q.10 If x = 7.5 then find the value of
.
[3]
sin 3x sin x
[Ans. 2 3 ]
[Sol.

cos x cos 3x
2 sin 2 x sin x
=
= tan 2x = tan (2 7.5) = tan 15 = 2
sin 3x sin x
2 sin x cos 2 x

Q.11

Find the solutions of the equation, log

2 sin x

3 Ans. ]

(1 cos x ) = 2 in the interval x [0, 2]. [4]

[Ans. /3]
[Sol.

sin2x =

2
1 + cos x
2
2 cos x + cos x 1 = 0
1

cos x =
or 1

2
5
but
x = and
are rejected
3

, ,
3
3

x=
Ans. ]
3

x=

1
2
Q.12 Given that loga 2 (a 1) = 16 find the value of log a 32 (a ) .
a
31
2
[Sol. Given loga 2 (a 1) = 16
[Ans.
]
32
a2 1
log 32 (
)
now
a
a

a 2 1
)
1
a
1
a 2 1
a
log 2 (a 2 1) log 2 a
log
(
)
=
=
2
32
a
a
a
16
16
a
log 2 (a )

log 2 (

[4]

=
Q.13 If cos =
(i)
[Sol.

1
1
1 31
31
16 =
=
Ans. ]

16
2 16 2 32
4
find the values of
5

cos 3

(ii) tan

[Ans. (i)

(i) cos 3 = 4 cos3 3 cos


64
12 256 300
44
= 4

=
=
Ans.
125
5
125
125

44
1
1
; (ii)
or ]
125
3
3

[4]

Q.5

Suppose that for some angles x and y the equations


3a
2

sin2x + cos2y =

a2
2
hold simultaneously. Determine the possible values of a.

cos2x + sin2y =

and

[3]
[Ans. a = 1]

[Sol.

3a
2
Adding (1) and (2)

sin2x +

cos2y =

3a
a2
2=
+

a2 + 3a 4 = 0
2
2
a = 4 (rejected), a = 1 Ans. ]

....(1) and

cos2x +

sin2y =

a2
2

....(2)

(a + 4)(a 1) = 0

Q.6

Find the sum of all the solutions of the equation (log27x3)2 = log27x6.

[Sol.

(log27x3) = log27x6
(3 log27x)2 = 6 log27x
3 log27x (3 log27x 2) = 0

Q.7

[Sol.

x = 1 or

x = (27)2/3 = 9
sum = 1 + 9 = 10 Ans. ]

log27x =

[3]
[Ans. sum = 10]

2
3

10 y 10 y
If < x < and y = log10(tan x + sec x). Then the expression E =
simplifies to one of
2
2
2
the six trigonometric functions. find the trigonometric function.
[3]
[Ans. tan x]
y = log10(tan x + sec x)
1 sin x

y = log10
cos x
y

E=

Q.8
[Sol.

10 10
2

1 sin x cos x

2
2
cos x 1 sin x 1 sin x 2 sin x cos x

=
=
2 cos x (1 sin x )
2

2 sin x (1 sin x )
2 sin 2 x 2 sin x
=
= tan x Ans. ]
2 cos x (1 sin x )
2 cos x (1 sin x )

If log 2 log 2 (log 2 x ) = 2 then find the number of digits in x. You may use log102 = 0.3010.
[Ans. 5 ]
log 2 log 2 (log 2 x ) = 2

log2(log2x) = 4
log2x = 16

x = 216

log10x = 16 log 2 = 16 0.3010 = 4.8160

Number of digits = 5 Ans. ]

[3]

BANSAL CLASSES
Target IIT JEE 2007
CLASS : XIII (XYZ)

M
A
T
H
E
M
A
T
I
C
S
Daily Practice Problems

DATE : 24-25//07/2006

TIME : 45 Min.

DPP. NO.-11

This is the test paper of Class-XI (J-Batch) held on 23-07-2007. Take exactly 45 minutes.
Q.1

If (sin x + cos x)2 + k sin x cos x = 1 holds x R then find the value of k.
[Ans. k = 2]

[Sol.

1 + sin 2x +

[3]

k
sin 2x = 1
2

k
sin 2x 1 = 0 for this to be an identity
2
1

Q.2

k
=0
2

k = 2 Ans. ]

If the expression

cos x + sin x + sin (32 + x) 18 cos(19 x) + cos(56 + x) 9 sin(x + 17)


2

is expressed in the form of a sin x + b cos x find the value of a + b.


[Ans. 27]
[3]
[Sol. sin x cos x + sin x + 18 cos x + cos x + 9 sin x
18 cos x + 9 sin x = a sin x + b cos x

a = 9, b = 18

a + b = 27 Ans.

Alternatively: put x = 0 and x = to get a and b directly]


2

Q.3

3 statements are given below each of which is either True or False. State whether True or False with
appropriate reasoning. Marks will be allotted only if appropriate reasoning is given.
I
(log3169)(log13243) = 10
II
cos(cos ) = cos (cos 0)
III

cos x +

1
3
=
cos x
2

[Ans. True; True; False]

[3]

2 log 13 5 log 3

= 10 True
log 3
log 13
II
cos(cos ) = cos(1) = cos 1
and cos(cos 0) = cos 1, hence True
III
If cos x > 0 then E 2 and if cos x < 0 then E 2 Hence False ]

[Hint: I

Q.4

Prove the identity cos4t =

[Sol.

cos4t =
=

3 1
1
+ cos 2t + cos 4t.
8 2
8

1
1
1 1 cos 4 t
2 cos 2t
(1 + cos 2t)2 = (1 + cos22t + 2 cos 2t) = 1
2
4
4
4

3
1
1
+ cos 2t + cos 4t]
8
2
8

[3]