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Global 3-4 Science and Technology

Name:
1.

Date:

Which is the most signi cant cause of the world


hunger today?

4.

A.

insu cient world food production

A.

focuses attention on a candidate's appearance

B.

declining number of farmers

B.

encourages voter turnout

C.

lack of scienti c knowledge about agriculture


and land use

C.

gives equal time to all candidates

D. reaches relatively few voters

D. inadequate distribution of available food


2.

Television can be a disadvantage to a person


running for public o ce because it

5.

A study of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear


power plant in the Soviet Union and of severe
air pollution in Mexico City would lead to the
conclusion that
A.

technology can cause problems throughout the


world

B.

international trade is more pro table than


domestic commerce

C.

modern science cannot solve most political


problems

Base your answer to the following question on the


cartoon below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

D. agricultural nations have caused major world


environmental problems
3.

In the early 18th century, the Agricultural


Revolution in Great Britain resulted in urbanization
because
A.

enslaved persons replaced free laborers on


farms

B.

factory work strengthened extended families

C.

displaced rural workers migrated to nd jobs

What is the main idea of this cartoon?

D. the middle class decreased in size

A.

Proliferation of military weapons could


destroy the world.

B.

The world's population is growing faster than


its food supply.

C.

The land masses of the Northern and


Southern Hemispheres are shifting.

D. Military technology is making the world a


smaller place.

page 1

6.

Base your answer to the following question on the


passage below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

9.

. . . We may anticipate a state of a airs in


which two Great Powers will each be in a
position to put an end to the civilization and
life of the other, though not without risking
its own. We may be likened to two scorpions
in a bottle, each capable of killing the other,
but only at the risk of his own life.. . .
10.

This statement expresses concern about the


threats to the environment by developed and
developing economies

B.

di erences between command and market


economies

C.

economic costs of World War II

11.

D. dangers of the Cold War


7.

8.

caravel

B.

C.

airplane

D. steam engine

The main goal of the Green Revolution was to


prevent further destruction of the world's rain
forests

B.

solve chronic food shortages through the use


of technology

C.

expand the economies of developing nations


with foreign investment

B.

rapidly rising standards of living

C.

fewer social problems

The breakdown of traditions, increased levels of


pollution, and the expansion of slums are negative
aspects of
A.

militarism

B.

collectivization

C.

pogroms

D. urbanization

Bombardment, barrage, curtain- re, mines, gas,


tanks, machine-guns, hand-grenades words,
words, but they hold the horror of the world.

This quotation best describes the e ects of the

astrolabe

A.

more democratic governments

Erich Maria Remarque,


All Quiet on the Western Front

Transportation in the 1800s was revolutionized by


the development of the
A.

A.

D. declining importance of tradition

J. Robert Oppenheimer, July 1953

A.

Rapid urbanization in Africa and Asia has most


generally resulted in

A.

technological developments used during World


War I

B.

formation of alliances in World War II

C.

tension between the superpowers during the


Cold War

D. protests against reforms during the Indian


independence movement
12.

D. insure that foreign aid was received by people


with the greatest need

The 18th-century predictions of world starvation


due to overpopulation have not come true primarily
because of the
A.

successful application of new technologies to


food production

B.

increasing frequency of wars

C.

worldwide trend toward small families

D. rising death rates due to health problems

page 2

Global 3-4 Science and Technology

13.

Base your answer to the following question on the


cartoon below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

14.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the headlines shown and on your knowledge of
social studies.

Source: Robert Ariail, The State, April 27, 2008 (adapted)

What is the main idea of this cartoon?


A.

Riding a horse is more dangerous than riding


in an automobile.

B.

The use of bio-fuels made from corn will


improve automobile safety.

C.

Using corn to make bio-fuels for automobiles


will increase food shortages.

The developments referred to in the headlines were


most directly the result of the

D. Feeding corn to horses is less e cient than


using it to make fuel for automobiles.

A.

Commercial Revolution

B.

Green Revolution

C.

Cultural Revolution

D. Industrial Revolution

page 3

Global 3-4 Science and Technology

15.

Base your answer to the following question on


the chart below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

17.

The use of scienti c farming methods and


improved varieties of seeds to increase agricultural
output in economically developing countries is
called the
A.

Renaissance

B.

Age of Enlightenment

C.

Green Revolution

D. Reformation
18.

. . . Seventy thousand people were killed instantly,


and many more would die 60,000 by November
and another 70,000 by 1950. Most of them
would be victims of a new method of killing
radiation. . . .
Ronald Takai

The situation described in this passage was the


direct result of which World War II event?

Which conclusion about Internet usage can be


drawn from this chart?
A.

Developing nations have easier access to the


Internet than developed nations do.

B.

A high standard of living in a nation is linked


to high Internet usage.

C.

Internet usage limits international cooperation.


19.

Which statement about railroad systems in the 19th


and early 20th centuries is accurate?
A.

Imperialists rejected the use of railroads in


their colonies.

B.

European governments opposed the


development of railroads.

C.

Railroads helped promote the factory system


and urbanization.

blitz of London

B.

attack on Pearl Harbor

C.

D-Day invasion of Normandy

D. bombing of Hiroshima

D. Eastern Hemisphere nations use Internet


connections more than Western Hemisphere
nations do.
16.

A.

Since the 1960's, a major improvement in African


agriculture has been
A.

a greater emphasis on subsistence farming

B.

an increased dependence on a one-crop


economy in many countries

C.

a decreased reliance on irrigation systems

D. an increased use of scienti c farming


techniques

D. Railroads made transportation of goods less


e cient.

page 4

Global 3-4 Science and Technology

20.

My village is changing. A straight road was built


in the mid-1960s to carry iron ore from the mines
to the port of Paradip, 40 miles away. . . . Nylon,
stainless steel, plastic, [soft] drinks have reached
the village. Electricity has come too. . . . There is a
cinema and video hall.
Which conclusion can be drawn from this
quotation?
A.

Roads in most villages today have fallen into


disrepair.

B.

New technologies will have little e ect on


village life.

C.

Modernization often changes village life.

D. The best jobs can be found in the cities.

page 5

Global 3-4 Science and Technology

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Global 3-4 Science and Technology
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12/28/2016