You are on page 1of 5

PHYSICS

Class

II IIT-JEE Achiever 2016-17


Intensive Revision Program
Worksheet - 13

Topics

Heat Transfer and Thermal Radiation

Date:

19-12-2016

Multiple choice questions with one correct alternative

1. Two bodies A and B having temperature 327C and 427C are radiating heat to the surroundings. The
surroundings temperature is 27C. The ratio of heat radiation of A to that of B is
(A) 5.2
(B) 0.32
(C) 0.52
(D) 3.2
2. Three rods of same dimensions have thermal conductivities 3K, 2K and K respectively. They are
arranged as shown below
50C
100C

3K

2K

K
T
0C

What will be the temperature T of the junction?


200
100
C
C
(A)
(B)
3
3

(C) 75C

(D)

50
C
3

3. The ends A of a rod AB of length 1 m is maintained at 100C and the end B at 10C. The temperature at
a distance of 60 cm from the end B is
(A) 64C
(B) 36C
(C) 46C
(D) 72C
4. A wall has two layers A and B, each made of different materials. Both layers are of same thickness. But,
the thermal conductivity of material A is twice that of B. If, in the steady state, the temperature
difference across the wall is 24 C, then the temperature difference across the layer B is
(A) 8 C
(B) 12 C
(C) 16 C
(D) 20 C
5. Heat is flowing through two cylindrical rods of same material. The diameter of the rods are in the ratio of
1 : 2 and lengths are in the ratio of 2 : 1. If the temperature difference across the ends of the rods is
same, then the ratio of heat conducted per second by them will be
(A) 1 : 1
(B) 1 : 2
(C) 1 : 4
(D) 1 : 8
6. Two spheres of radii R1 and R2 have densities 1 and 2 and specific heat C1 and C2. If they are heated to
the same temperature, the ratio of their rates of cooling will be
R C
RC
R C
R C
(A) 2 2 2
(B) 1 2 2
(C) 2 1 2
(D) 2 2 1
R 11C1
R 2 1C1
R 12 C1
R 11C 2
7. A body cools in 7 minutes from 60C to 40C. What time (in minutes) does it take to cool from 40C to
28C if the surrounding temperature in 10C? Assume Newtons law of cooling is valid
(A) 3.5
(B) 10
(C) 7
(D) 10

2IIT1617PPWS13

8. The energy spectrum of a black body exhibits a maximum around a wavelength 0. The temperature of
the black body is now around a wavelength 30/4. The power radiated by one black body will now
increase by a factor of
64
256
4
16
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
27
81
3
9
9. The ends of two rods of different materials with their thermal conductivities, radii of cross sections and
lengths all in the ratio 1 : 2 are maintained at the same temperature difference. If the rate of flow of heat
in the larger rod is 4 cal/sec, then that in the shorter rod will be
(A) 1 cal/sec
(B) 2 cal/sec
(C) 8 cal/sec
(D) 16 cal/sec
10. Five rods of same dimensions are arranged as shown in the figure. They have thermal conductivities k1,
k2, k3, k4 and k5 when points A and B are maintained at different temperatures. No heat flows through the
C
central rod if
k1
k2
(A) k1k4 = k2k3
(B) k1 = k4 and k2 = k3
A
k5
B
k1 k 2
(C)
=
k3
k4
k 4 k3
D

(D) k1k2 = k3k4

11. Three identical thermal conductors are connected as shown in the figure. Considering no heat loss due to
radiation, the temperature at the junction is
60 C
Q1
(A) 60C

20 C
(B) 20C
Q
Q2
(C) 50C
70 C
(D) 10C
12. The radiation emitted by a star A is 10,000 times than of the sun. If the surface temperature of the sun
and the star are 6000 K and 2000 K respectively, the ratio of the radii of the star A and the sun is
(A) 300 : 1
(B) 600 : 1
(C) 900 : 1
(D) 1200 : 1
13. One end of a thermally insulated rod is kept at a temperature T1
and the other at T2. The rod is composed of two sections of
lengths l1 and l2 and thermal conductivities K1 and K2
respectively. The temperature at the interface of the two sections
is
(K1l1T1 + K 2l2 T2 )
(K 2l2 T1 + K1l1T2 )
(A)
(B)
(K1l1 + K 2l2 )
(K1l1 + K 2l2 )
(K 2l1T1 + K1l2 T2 )
(K1l2 T1 + K 2l1T2 )
(C)
(D)
(K 2l1 + K1l2 )
(K1l2 + K 2l1 )
14. Two identical rods AC and CB made of two different metals having thermal conductivities in the ratio
2 : 3 are kept in contact with each other at the end C as shown in the figure. A is at 100C and B is at
25C. Then the junction C is at
(A) 55C
(B) 60C
(C) 75C
(D) 50C

2IIT1617PPWS13

15. Two spheres of radii 8 cm and 2 cm are cooling. Their temperatures are 127C and 527C respectively.
Find the ratio of energy radiated by them at the same time.
(A) 0.06
(B) 0.5
(C) 1
(D) 2
DPP
16. A spherical shell of inner radius R1 & outer shell R2 is having variable thermal conductivity given by
K = a0Tx where a0 is constant, T is temperature in Kelvin & r is the distance from centre. Two surfaces
of shell are maintained at temperature T1 (for inner surface) & T2 (outer surface) respectively. (T1 > T2).
Heat current flowing through the shell would be
4a 0 (T12 T22 )
4a 0 R 12 R 22 (T12 T22 )
(A)
R 1R 2
(B)
R 2 R1
R 22 R12
(C)

4a 0 (T1 T2 )R 1R 2
R 2 R1

(D)

4a 0 (T12 T22 )(R 1 + R 2 )2


R 2 R1

17. Three rods of material x and three rods of material y are connected as shown
in the figure. All the rods are of identical length and cross-section area. If the
end A is maintained at 60C and the junction E at 10C, calculate the
temperature of the junction D. The thermal conductivities of x and y are 0.92
and 0.46 SI units.
(A) 20C
(B) 30C
(C) 40C
(D) 35C
18. The figure shows a system of two concentric spheres of radii r1 and r2 and kept at temperatures T1 and T2
respectively. The radial rate of flow of heat in a substance between the two concentric spheres is
proportional to
r1r2
(A)
(B) (r2 r1)
(r2 r1 )
(C)

(r2 r1 )
r1r2

r
(D) log 2
r1

19. Assuming the sun to be a spherical body of radius R at a temperature of T K, evaluate the total radiant
power, incident on the earth, at a distance r from the sun, is
4r02 R 2 T 4
r02 R 2 T 4
r02 R 2 T 4
R 2 T 4
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
r2
r2
r2
4r 2
20. An electric heater is placed inside a room of total wall area 137 m2 and maintained at a temperature 20C
inside, outside temperature 10C. The walls are made up of three composite materials. Innermost layer
is made up of wood of thickness 2.5 cm, middle layer is of cement of thickness 1 cm and the exterior
layer is 25 cm thick. Assuming there is no loss of heat through any other way, the power of electric
heater is [the thermal conductivity of wood = 0.125 W/m2C, cement = 1.5 W/m2C and
brick = 1 W/m2C]
(A) 9000 W
(B) 8500 W
(C) 8800 W
(D) 9400 W
21. A rod of length l with thermally insulated lateral surface is made of a material whose thermal
C
conductivity K varies as K = , where C is a constant. The ends are at temperatures T1 and T2. The heat
T
flow density is
2IIT1617PPWS13

(A) Clog

T2
T1

(B)

T
C
log 2
l
T1

(C)

C
log(T1T2 )
l

T
(D) Cl log 2
T1

22. A planet radiates heat at a rate proportional to the fourth power of its surface temperature T. If such a
steady temperature of the planet is due to an exactly equal amount of heat received from the sun then
which of the following statement is true?
(A) The planets surface temperature varies inversely as the distance of the sun.
(B) The planets surface temperature varies directly as the square of its distance from the sun.
(C) The planets surface temperature varies inversely as the square root of its distance from the sun.
(D) The planets surface temperature is proportional to the fourth power of its distance from the sun.
23. What is the rate of flow of heat through a tapering rod of length l tapering from radius r1 to r2, when the
temperature of the ends are 1 C and 2 C and coefficient of thermal conductivity is K?
(A)

Kr1r2 (1 2 )
l

(B)

Kr1r2 (1 2 )
l

(C)

Kr12 r22 (1 2 )
l

(D)

K(r1 r2 )(1 2 )
l

24. A sphere and a cube of same material and same total surface area are placed in the same evacuated space
turn by turn after they are heated to the same temperature. Find the ratio of their initial rates of cooling in
the enclosure.

:1
(B)
:1
(C)
:1
(D)
:1
(A)
6
3
6
3
25. A planet is at an average distance d from the sun and its average surface temperature is T. Assume that
the planet receives energy only from the sun and loses energy only through radiation from its surface.
Neglect atmospheric effects. If T dn, the value of n is
1
1
(A) 2
(B) 1
(C)
(D)
2
4
26. Three rods of identical cross-sectional area and made from the same metal form the sides of an isosceles
triangle ABC right angled at B. The points A and B are maintained at temperatures T and 2 T
respectively in the steady state. Assuming that only heat conduction takes place, temperature of point C
will be
3T
(A)
2 +1
T
(B)
2 +1
T
(C)
3 2 1

(D)

T
2 1

27. A body cools from 62C to 50C in 10 minutes and to 42C in the next 10 minutes. The temperature of
the surrounding is
(A) 16C
(B) 26C
(C) 36C
(D) 21C

2IIT1617PPWS13

Read the passage given below and answer questions by choosing the correct
alternative
A highly conducting solid sphere of radius R, density and specific heat s is kept in an evacuated chamber.
A parallel beam of thermal radiation of intensity I is incident on its surface, consider the sphere to be
perfectly black body and its temperature at certain instant considered as t = 0 is T0. Take Stefans constant
as .
28. The equation which gives the temperature T of the sphere as a function of time is
T

T0

dT
3dt
(A)
=

4
I 4 T
4Rs

T0

dT
3dt
(B)
=

4
4T
4Rs

dT
3t
(C)
=

4
8Rs
I 4 T

3dT
5t
(D)
=

4
8Rs
I 4 T

T0

T0

29. Maximum attainable temperature of the sphere is


1/2

I
(A)

1/3

I
(B)

1/4

I
(C)

***

2IIT1617PPWS13

(D) Never occurs