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AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

AEC

Algerian Energy Company Spa

12 Bld Krim Belkacem - Alger

Tel

Fax : 213 (0) 21 72 31 58 / 213 (0) 21 72 25 65

: 213 (0) 21 72 27 75 / 213 (0) 21 72 26 45

NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL INVITATION TO OPEN TENDER

N°03 / AEC / 2002

SKIKDA PROJECT

COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT

FROM 600 TO 800 MW

DOCUMENT V

SPECIFIC TECHNICAL PRESCRIPTIONS,

SPECIFICATION 9 GENERATION AND EVACUATION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

General remarks :

The Builder shall be required to respect the characteristics detailed herein.

The values indicated in the C.P.S are considered as guarantees in the sense that the properties of the equipment supplied shall not be inferior to the conditions set in the C.P.S taking into consideration the tolerances if any.

Any modification considered necessary by the Builder during the execution of the contract shall be submitted in writing to the Client with justificatory documentation and shall be subject to approval by the Client.

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

 

UNITS

VALUES

A. ALTERNATOR .

   

By Manufacturer after confirmation

General Data

Manufacturer

     

Type

   

Apparent power as per the CEI 34-1

Sn .

MVA

 

Power factor .

 

cosf

 

Number of poles .

     

Number of phases.

     

Nominal frequency.

 

Hz

 

Frequency variation in nominal operation.

 

Hz

 

Nominal voltage .

 

kV

 

Voltage variation in normal operation.

     

Insulation class as per CEI 34-1 stator .

     

Insulation class as per CEI 34-1 rotor .

     

Apparent continuous maximal power under normal operation conditions.

MVA

 

Temperature rise : calculation of the thermic use in normal operation at Sn, Un ±7.5 and fn ±2 Hz with

   

H2

Cold at 40°C Stator :

 

K

K

Rotor

:

Cooling system.

     

- Stator winding

- Rotor winding

- Stator iron

Cooling water in hydrogen coolants

 

M3 /h

 

Efficiency under nominal conditions (270 MVA )

 

%

 

Short-circuit ratio, calculation value

     

Total harmonic distortion as per CEI 34-1 / 28.2.

     

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

Harmonics operation when empty (S Ui / Ua ).

   

Imbalanced currents ( I 2 / In) 2 t.

s

 

Length between bearing.

mm

 

Total weight of the assembled generator.

Mg

 

Sound level at 1 metre .

db(A)

 

Maximal constant power in specific operation conditions, with cold hydrogen at 40°C.

MVA

 

Economic power of the turbo-alternator (highest returns )

MVA

 

Nominal power supplied by the turbine.

MW

 

Maximal constant power supplied by the turbine.

MW

 

Minimum technical power supplied by the turbine.

MW

 

Maximum exceptional power under normal operation conditions.

MW

 

Total weight of the excitation .

Mg

 

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

   

By

B. EXCITATION . General data

Manufacturer

after

 

confirmation

Energy sources.

   

Excitation system.

   

Rapidity of response as per CEI 34-3 .

s

-1

 

Precision of the voltage regulation.

 

%

 

Thermic utilisation.

 

K

 

Mechanical construction.

   

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

Excitation by step-down transformer

   

Type of transformer (dry or in oil)

   

Nominal power of the transformer Sn

kVA

 

Transformation ratio

   

Nominal power of the coiling on the alternator side Sn1

kVA

 

Short circuit voltage Uk

%

 

Insulation class

   

Cooling

   

Coupling symbol

   

Adjustment made when not under load

   

Permanent overexcitation

%Un

 

Withstand strength voltage at a shock wave of 1.2 / 50 µsec

   

MT

kVc

 

LT

kVc

 

Test voltage 50 Hz 1 minute HT LT

kVef

 

kVef

Degree of protection as per CEI

   

Type of magnetic circuit

   

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

   

By

C. REACTANCES - RESISTANCES AND TIME CONSTANT

 

manufacture

r after

 

confirmation

   

Calculated

Reactances with tolerances as per CEI 34

values

Longitudinal synchronous reactance (saturated / non-

%

 

saturated)

Xd

Longitudinal transitory reactance (saturated / non- saturated).

Xd'

%

 

Longitudinal sub-transitory reactance (saturated / non-

%

 

saturated).

Xd''

Transversal synchronous reactance.

Xq

%

 

Transversal transitory reactance .

Xq'

%

 

Sub-transitory reactance .

Xq''

%

 

Inverse reactance.

X2

%

 

Homopolar reactance.

X0

%

 

Pole reactance.

Xp

%

 

Armature eddy reactance.

%

 

Resistances

   

Resistance by phase of the stator winding at 20 °c .

Ohm

 

Resistance of the rotor winding at 20° c .

Ohm

 

Inverse resistance.

R2

Ohm

 

Homopolar resistance.

R0

Ohm

 

Direct resistance from the armature.

R1

Ohm

 

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

Time constants

   

Longitudinal time constant with open circuit .

Td'0

sec

 

Longitudinal transitory time constant in short-circuit.

T d'

sec

 

Longitudinal sub-transitory time constant in short-circuit.

Td'

sec.

 

Longitudinal sub-transitory time constant in short-circuit.

Td''

sec.

 

Transversal transitory time constant with open circuit.

Tq o'

sec.

 

Transversal transitory time constant in short circuit.

Tq'

sec.

 

Transversal sub-transitory time constant C with open circuit.

Tqo''

sec.

 

Transversal sub-transitory time constant in short-circuit.

Tq''

sec.

 

Time constant in short-circuit of the armature.

Ta.

sec.

 

Time constant with open circuit of the excitation winding.

Tfd0

sec.

 

Time constant in short-circuit of the excitation winding.

Tfd

sec.

 

Time constant in open short-circuit of the equivalent reducer circuit. T kd0

sec.

 

Time constant in short-circuit of the equivalent reducer circuit

Tkd

sec.

 

Inertia constant on the apparent nominal power base.

sec.

 

Acceleration time.

sec.

 

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

D. FUNCTIONING TABLE to be completed for

U = Un

see DI 6038 U = 0.9Un and

U = 1.19Un and Active power = Pn

Active power = Pn

and

Active power = 0.25Pn ; 0.5Pn ; 0.75Pn ; Pn

U =1.075 Un

Active power = 0.25Pn; 0.5Pn; 0.75Pn; Pn

Nominal voltage Un = …… Nominal pressure H 2 , Pn = …

kV

kPa

Table D to be completed by manufacturer after confirmation

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

 

Cosf AR.

Cosf AV.

   

0.7

0.8

0.9

0.9

0.7

Excitation Power

kW

         

Excitation current

A

         

Max apparent power at the terminals

MVA

         

Conventional losses

           

Iron losses at no load at Un

kW

         

Stator ohmic losses (75k)

kW

         

Rotor ohmic losses (75k )

kW

         

Supplementary losses

kW

         

Losses by ventilation

kW

         

Losses bearing, joints and friction .

kW

         

Total losses

kW

         

Active power at coupling

kW

         

Active power at terminals

kW

         

Efficiency

%

         

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

F.

STATOR .

   

Nature of main insulation between conductors

   

Nature of main insulation between conductors and earth

   

Test voltage between the Roebel conductors

Uef

 

Test voltage 50 Hz 1minute of the connected machine

KVe

 

Voltage increase in case of sudden power cut-off of the nominal power

%Un

 

Limit angle of the dielectric losses of the cold machine at Un tang delta max

   

Max effective temperature rises calculated under normal service conditions :

   
 

Stator winding

K

Stator iron

K

Current density under nominal conditions of the stator winding

A/mm2

 

Current density admissible at maximal apparent power

A/mm2

 
 

Copper of the conductor wires

   

Composition

   

Section by bar

mm2

 

Elastic limit

kN

 
 

Quality of the magnetic sheets

   

Losses at 1 T

W/kg

 

Losses at 1.5 T

W/kg

 

Quality of insulation of the sheets

   

Average induction under nominal conditions in

   

Air-gap

T

 

Spike ends

T

 

Stator sheets

T

 

Active circuit length

mm

 

Air-gap

mm

 

Magnetic sheet weight

Kg

 

Copper weight

kg

 

Full stator weight

Kg

 

External diameter of the active circuit

mm

 

Internal diameter of the active circuit

mm

 

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

 

VALUES

   

By

G. ROTOR

manufacturer

after

confirmation

 

Metal of the rotor

   

Composition

   

Elastic limit

kN/mm 2

 

Ultimate stress

kN/mm 2

 

Rotor diameter

 

mm

 

Inertia of the generator rotor (with exciter) PD 2

Mg . m 2

 

Reduced kinetic energy (acceleration constant)

kW.s./kVA

 

First critical speed

trs / min

 

Second critical speed

trs / min

 

Third critical speed

trs / min

 

Peak-to-peak vibration of the bearing and the shaft line (VDI 2056)

 

µm

 

Current density under nominal conditions

A

/ mm 2

 

Nature of the winding insulation

   

Test voltage 50 Hz 1 min

 

kVeff.

 
 

Conducting bars

   

Composition

(specify the silver percentage)

   

Elastic limit

N

/ mm 2

 

Ultimate stress

N

/ mm 2

 

Max calculated temperature rise of the rotor coils under nominal operation conditions at 40°C delta T

 

K

 

Sections of the conductors

 

mm

2

 

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

 

UNITS

VALUES

 

Materials of the bindings

   

Composition of the bindings (% C ,

% Mn ,

   

% Cr ,

% N )

Elastic limit after processing

 

kN / mm 2

 

Ultimate stress after processing

 

kN / mm 2

 

Composition of the slot wedges

     

Weight of the connected rotor

 

Mg

 

Weight of the copper alone

 

Mg

 

Name of the supplier of the raw material

   

Safety coefficient with regard to the elastic limit in overspeed mode for :

   

The rotor

     

The bindings

     

Process used to ensure the rotor stability

   

Current density for the maximal apparent power

A/ mm 2

 

Rotor current

 

A

 

Nominal voltage

 

V

 

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

   

By

H. ALTERNATOR COOLING

manufacturer

after

confirmation

Differential pressure of the ventilators at Fn and Pn

kPa

 

Air flow per ventilator

N. m. 3 / sec

 

Power flow with one coolant not in service

% Sn

 
 

Coolants

   

Metal of the tubes :

   

- Nature of the metal

   

- Form of the tubes

   

Tubular plates :

   

-

Composition

   

Type of fixing of the tubes on the plate

   

Number of exchangers

   

Total exchange surface

m

2

 
 

I. BEARINGS

   

Bearing type

   

Construction

   

Oil circuit

   

Specific load (generator bearing)

kN / mm 2

 

Oil flow per generator bearing

m 3 / sec.

 

Nominal temperature rise of the oil

K

 

Max temperature of the oil

° C

 

Max temperature of the anti-friction metal

° C

 

Number of thermocouples in the bushes

   

Number of vibration sensors

   

Cooling of the oil

   

Vibration limits

VDI 2056

   

Total weight of the bearings / bearing

Mg

 

Lubrication oil pressure per bearing

kPa

 

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

   

By

manufactu

K . FRAME

rer after

confirmatio

n

Max absolute internal service pressure

kPa

 

Safety coefficient with regard to rupture limit

   

Hydraulic test pressure

kPa

 

Duration of the hydraulic test

min

 

Frame metal

   

Composition

   

Elastic limit

kN

 

Ultimate stress

kN

 

Weight of the frame

Mg

 

M. TRANSPORT / ERECTION By MHI

   

Weight of the heaviest part for transport

Mg

 

Means of transport anticipated

   

Means of lifting for unloading

   

Means of handling projected for placing on the foundation

   

Bulk and weight of the different parts of the alternator and exciter (erection and transport), detailed description

   

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

   

By

manufactur

N. CASUAL OPERATION OF THE ALTERNATOR By MHI

er after

confirmatio

n

Operation time admissible under following abnormal operation conditions, subsequent to an operation in maximal power mode :

   

Operation out of synchronism

   

at 0.25 Pn

sec.

at 0.5 Pn

sec.

at 0.75 Pn

sec.

at Pn

sec.

Operation in triphase short-circuit at terminals (sudden short-circuiting) .

sec.

 

Operation in short-circuit between two phases

sec.

 

Operation with imbalance of the power based on the time

sec.

 

Max permanent power imbalance permissible

   

Operation with one phase cut and the current in the two other phases not exceeding In / ÷ 3

sec.

 

Operation in synchronous motor

sec.

 

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

 

UNITS

VALUES

   

By

manufactu

 

O.

GENERAL DATA

rer after

 

confirmati

on

Reactive power that can be supplied or absorbed by the alternator within the specified limits of temperature rise for any voltage between 0.9 Un and for any power between Pi and Pm (P,Q curve)

   

Reactive overload of short duration (5 min, 15 min, 30 min) that the alternator can support in normal operation conditions ( 0.95 Un to 1.075 Un ) .

   

5 minutes

MVAr

15minutes

MVAr

30 minutes

MVAr

Internal angle limitation device projected

   

Maximum reverse current component admissible permanently

%

 

Withstand strength in duration of the machine to harmonic distortion of the current coming from the network

sec.

 

Characteristic curves of the alternator (in open circuit, in short-circuit, during adjustment, U,F operation diagram, P,Q curves, etc. ).

   

Tests Lists of the test with the lists of the equipment projected for the tests

   

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

 

UNITS

VALUES

   

By

manufactur

P. START STATIC INVERTER

er after

confirmatio

n

Type of transformer used (dry or oil)

   

Cooling mode (natural air or forced air) .

   

Efficiency at nominal power

 

%

 

Total proposed power

 

MVA

 

Electric insulation class

     

Short-circuit voltage

%

 

Number of thyristors per branch of the rectifier circuit

   

Number of thyristors per branch of the current inverter circuit

   

Type of thyristor used for the rectifier circuit

   

Type of thyristor used for the current inverter circuit

   

Type of cooling system used for the thyristors of the current inverter circuit

   

Input voltage at open alternative current

kV

 

Line current

A

 

Inductance constant current

 

mH

 

Nominal voltage direct current

 

V

 

Current in c.c

A

 

Current inverter nominal output current

A

 

Current inverter nominal output voltage

V

 

Losses

kW

 

Weight

kg

 

Dimensions ( L x

W

x

H

)

mm

 

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

 

R. GENERATOR BREAKER

   

-

Manufacturer

 

ABB or Alstom

-

Type

 

SF6

-

Manufacturing factory

 

To be Determined

-

Nominal voltage

kv

23

KV

-

Nominal current

A

13,000 A

-

Cut-off capacity, symmetrical triphase

MVA

To be Determined

-

Cut-off capacity, nominal in short-circuit

kA

120

kA, rms (SC

 

break)

-

Nominal closing capacity in short-circuit

kA

360

kA, peak (SC

 

make)

-

Permissible current for a period of 1s

kA

To be Determined

-

Duration of opening ( CEI )(Interrupting Time)

msec.

60

ms

-

Duration of cut-off ( CEI )

msec.

To be Determined

-

Duration of establishment ( CEI )

msec.

To be Determined

-

Withstand strength at industrial frequency 1mn

kV eff

60

:

 

at earth between open contacts

-

Withstand strength to shock 1.2/50 µs:

kV vc

125

at earth between open contacts

-

Activation system

 

Manuf. Standard

-

Ratio In breaker / In alternator

 

Later

-

Asymmetrical cut-off current

kA

120

-

Symmetrical cut-off current

kA

Later

-

Operation cycle in nominal load

 

CO-30min-CO

-

Permissible gas loss ( annual )

 

Later

-

Mode of arc extinction

 

Manuf. Standard

-

Number of manoeuvres between revisions:

 

Later

* no load

* under load

* on failure

-

Outline drawing

 

Later

-

Diagram

 

Later

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

S.

MAIN TRANSFORMER

   

Manufacturer

To Be Determined

   

Type

 

Core Form

Nominal apparent power

MVA

490

Nominal transformation ratio in open circuit

kV/kV

400/23

Cooling mode

 

OFAF

Nominal voltage between phases

   

- LT

kV

23

- HT

kV

400

Adjustment range – Voltage tap

 

+/- 5%

Number of nominal current positions

   

- LT

None

- HT

5

Short-circuit voltage

%

To be

determined

in Aux.

Elect.

Study

Losses in open circuit

kW

200

Losses due to load at nominal power

kW

1550

Total losses

kW

1750

Power necessary for the ventilators and auxiliary equipment under full load, reserve of 33% not included

kW

15

Insulation level

   

Withstand strength test voltage at industrial frequency :

-

kV eff

570

HT winding armature / applied "

MT winding "

"

kV eff

50

Withstand strength test to shock 1.2/50msec :

   

HT winding

kV vc

1425

MT winding

kV vc

165

Permissible permanent overload

%

125(with all

cooloers)

Nominal current high voltage bushing

A

 

Nominal short-circuit current

kA eff

I n / Z pu

Dynamic short-circuit current

kA vc

Per Manuf

High voltage neutral bushing

A

Per Manuf.

Sound level at 2m

dB(A)

80

Maximum oil temperature rise at Sn

°C

85

Maximum temperature rise of the winding at hottest Sn point

°C

95

Insulation of the HT neutral

kV

650

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

Permanent overexcitation

%

Per Manuf.

HT terminal :

- Type , length of the creepage distance and distance between terminals

Per Manuf.

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

 

S. MAIN TRANSFORMER (contd.)

   

LT terminals Type

-

 

IPB

-

Length of the creepage distance

mm/kV

Per Manuf.

-

Distance between terminals

mm

Per Manuf.

Construction of the tank

 

Welded

Resistance of the tank in open circuit

%

Per Manuf.

Resistance to pressure above atmospheric

 

125%

Number of ventilators

n

Per Manuf.

Number of ventilators

n

Per Manuf.

MT bush

   

- Nominal short-circuit current 3 s

kAeff

Per Manuf.

- Dynamic short-circuit current

kA vc

Per Manuf.

Oil weight

kg

Est. 84,000

Weight of the transformer with oil

kg

Est.

400,000

Weight of the core and the windings

kg

Est.

221,000

Outline drawing

 

Later

Losses in open circuit

kW

200

Losses due to the load

kW

1550

Consumption of the auxiliaries

kW

15

Number of radiators necessary under nominal operation conditions

 

N-20%

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

 

UNITS

VALUES

U.

STEP-DOWN TRANSFORMER TS

   

Manufacturer

To Be Determined

   

Type

 

Oil

Nominal apparent power at max losses

 

MVA

25

Transformation ratio in open circuit (including adjuster under load )

 

Later

Cooling mode

 

ONAN

Max oil temperature rise

 

K

85C

Max winding temperature rise

 

K

95C

Coupling mode

 

Later

Short-circuit voltage

 

%

To be

determined in

 

Aux. Elect.

Study

Losses in open circuit

 

kW

20

Losses auxiliary services

 

kW

0

Losses winding at 75 ° with max losses

 

kW

180

Losses by solar effect

 

kW

Later

Test voltage at industrial frequency

     

- HT

kV

50

- Neutral HT

 

kV

N/A

- LT

kV

19

Withstand strength test to shock wave 1.2 / 50 µ sec.

   

- HT and neutral winding

 

kVc

165

- LT winding

kVc

82.5

Cooling

   

- Number of ventilators

 

N/A

- power of a ventilator

kW

0

LT voltage

kV

6.6

Adjustment range - Voltage tap

HT

-

LT

 

+/- 10% ,17 position

Total weight of the TS

 

kg

Est. 50,000

Oil weight

kg

Est. 14,000

Quality of the oil

 

Gal

Est. 4,000

Resistance of the tank at 100 % empty

   

To be clarified

Sound level at 2 m as per CEI

 

dB(A)

80

Sheets :

 

Per Manuf.

- losses at 1.5 T

 

w/kg

- insulation types

- Number of columns

Winding :

 

Later

- Insulation

 

- Position of the windings

Make of the adjuster under load

   

Later

HT neutral lightning protection :

   

N/A

- nominal voltage

kV

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

- Winding power

- Disruptive discharge voltage at 100 % at shock wave 1.2/50 µsec.

kA

kVc

Later

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

V.

SHEATHED BAR SET

   
 

General data

   

Manufacturer

 

To be

Determined

Type/series

 

Self Cooled

Normal voltage

kV

23

Maximal service voltage

kV

25.3

Shock test voltage 1.2/50µs

kV peak

150

Test voltage 1min/50HZ

kV

55

Short-circuit points of the sheathing

N

Later

Earthing points

N

Later

Maximal permissible temperature of the sheathing at IN (under 45°C ambient temperature)

°C

70

Type of ventilation

 

Self Cooled

Norm

 

Later

Degree of protection

 

IP55

 

Main sheaths

   

Phase conductor :

   

Maximal constant service current

kA

13

Dynamic current

kA peak

Est. 350

Thermic current 1s

kA

Est. 206

Current Density at IN

A/ mm²

Later

Distance between the axes of the phases

Mm

Later

Total length per unit

M

Est. 55

Material of the conductor

 

Aluminium

Transversal section

Mm²

Later

Form

 

Later

Maximal permissible temperature

°C

85

External diameter

Mm

Later

AEC

PROJECT SKIKDA 600-800 MW

CHARACTERISTICS

UNITS

VALUES

Conductor connection (to breaker, transformer, alternator )

   

Type of connection

 

Flat Flexible

Connectors

Material of the surfaces in contact

 

Copper

Maximal permissible temperature at connection/conductor contact

°C

Later

Sheathing

   

Material

 

Aluminum

External diameter

Mm

Later

Thickness of the wall

Mm

Later

Transversal section

Mm²

Later

Weight

Kg/ m

Later

Type of expansion joints

 

Flat Flexible

Connectors

Type of connection joints

 

Flat Flexible

Connectors

Secondary sheaths ( towards step-down transformer )

   

Phase conductor :

   

Nominal current

kA

2

Dynamic current

kA

Later

Thermic current 1s

kA

Est. 265

Current density at IN

A/mm²

Later

Distance between the axes of the phases

mm

Later

Maximal service voltage

kV

25.3

Transversal section

mm²

Later

Material

 

Aluminum

Form

 

Later

Profile (for conductor, external circ )

mm

Later

Sheathing

   

External diameter

mm

Later

Thickness of the wall

mm

Later

Transversal section

mm²

Later

Type of joints

 

Later

Losses at IN

w/m

Later