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1.0 DESIGN DATA:


Operating speed of machine

1486

RPM

Permissible horizontal amplitude

0.064

mm

Permissible vertical amplitude

0.064

mm

Height of the ref. Point for amplitude check above pedestal

Grade of concrete for foundation block

25

Bearing capasity of soil =

t/m2

BASE SIZE:
Size of foundation block in X direction, Lx

3.360

Size of foundation in Y direction, Ly

2.300

Thickness of foundation

1.2

Screed concrete thickness with grout

0.025

REFERENCES:
a) Equipment Drawing No. 003-0003-X-DG-001 General arrangement of equipment (21-PK-1301/2301)
b) Equipment Drawing No. 003-0003-A-DG-012 (Rev 2) Foundation details of Compressor (21-PK-1301/2301)
c) IS:456-2000 Code of Practice for Plain & Reinforced Concrete
d) IS:2974 (Part-I & III) Code of Practice for Design & Construction of Machine Foundations
e) Calculation report for structural design of piles 3433-AA-CS-001

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2.0 GENERAL ARRANGEMENT:


The general arrangement of the foundation is as shown in the sketch below.

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3.0 MACHINE LOAD DATA:


Machine Fdn Parts

Description of Load

Whole assembly

Weight, Wi

Mass, mi

(Tons)

(t-sec2/m)

2.300

0.234

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

10

0.000

11

0.000

12

0.000

13

0.000

CG of Element
xi (m)

1.870

yi (m)

1.125

zi (m)

1.763

14
15

2.300

0.234

4.0 FOUNDATION LOAD DATA


Description of
Load

Dimension of Elements
lxi (m)

lyi (m)

lzi (m)

Weight, Wi

Mass, mi

(Tons)

(t-sec2/m)

CG of Element
xi (m)

yi (m)

zi (m)

2.360

1.300

0.850

6.520

0.665

1.680

1.150

0.775

3.360

2.300

0.350

6.762

0.689

1.680

1.150

0.175

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

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0.000

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10

0.000

11

0.000

12

0.000

13

0.000

14

0.000

15

0.000

16

0.000

17

0.000

13.282

1.354

Total weight of machine part & foundation(wi) =


Total mass of machine part, foundation(mi)

15.582 Tons

1.588 ( t.sec2/m)

5.0 CALCULATION OF MASS MOMENT OF INERTIA:


Description of
Machine &
Foundation
Parts

Static Moment of Mass

mi.xi

mi.yi

MI about X, Y & Z axes passing thro CG

mi.zi

(mi/ 12) *
(lxi2+lzi2)

(mi/12) *
(lyi2+lzi2)

(mi/12) *
(lxi2+lyi2)

0.438

0.264

0.413

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

10

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

11

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

12

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

13

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

14

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

15

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

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1.116

0.764

0.515

0.348

0.134

0.402

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1.158

0.793

0.121

0.656

0.311

0.952

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

10

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

11

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

12

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

13

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

14

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

15

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

16

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

17

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

2.713

1.821

1.049

1.004

0.445

1.354

6.0 CALCULATION OF CENTRE OF GRAVITY OF WHOLE SYSTEM:


(includes Machine parts, foundation block)
CG about X-axis Xcg = mi.xi / mi

1.708

CG about Y-axis Ycg = mi.yi / mi

1.146

CG about Z-axis Zcg = mi.zi / mi

0.660

CG of base area in X-direction

1.680

CG of base area in Y-direction

1.150

Percentage of eccentricity in X direction, ex

0.835

Percentage of eccentricity in Y direction, ey

0.160

Calculation of Eccentricity of Whole System:

Since eccentricities are less than 5%, it is safe.

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7.0 CALCULATION OF MASS MOMENT OF INERTIA OF WHOLE SYSTEM @ AXIS AND PASSING
THROUGH THE COMMON CG & PERPENDICULAR TO THE PLANE OF VIBRATION:
S. No.

Description

Xoi=Xcg-xi

Yoi=Ycg-yi

Zoi=Zcg-zi mi(x2oi + z2oi)

mi(y2oi + z2oi)

mi(x2oi + y2oi)

Whole assembly

-0.162

0.021

-1.103

0.291

0.285

0.006

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

10

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

11

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

12

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

13

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

14

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

15

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

14

0.028

-0.004

-0.115

0.009

0.009

0.001

15

0.028

-0.004

0.485

0.163

0.162

0.001

16

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

17

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

18

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

19

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

20

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

21

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

22

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

23

10

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.463

0.456

0.007

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The mass moment of inertia () of the whole system passing thro. common CG & perp. to plane of vibration.

Similarly,

x = 1/12 x mi (l2yi + l2zi ) + mi (y2oi + z2oi )

0.901

T-m-Sec2

y = 1/12 x mi (l2xi + l2zi ) + mi (x2oi + z2oi )

1.467

T-m-Sec2

z = 1/12 x mi (l2xi + l2yi ) + mi (x2oi + y2oi )

1.362

T-m-Sec2

8.0 CALCULATION OF NATURAL FREQUENCIES


i) The mass moment of inertia (y) of the whole system @ Y-axis passing thro. centroid of the base area and
perp. to plane of vibration

oy = y + mi * Zcg2 =

2.16 T-m-Sec2

i) The mass moment of inertia (x) of the whole system @ X-axis passing thro. centroid of the base area and
ox = x + mi * Zcg2 =

1.59 T-m-Sec2

iii) The ratio (y) is given by

y =y/0y =

0.68

iv) The ratio (x) is given by

x =x/0x =

0.57

perp. to plane of vibration

v) The spring constants (K) for different modes of vibrations


Shear modulus ( G )

5900.00 T/m2

Poison's ratio ( )

0.380

For horizontal motion( K )

28285 T/m

For rocking motion ( Ky )

106443 T/m

For rocking motion ( Kx )

49876 T/m

For vertical motion (Kz)

56570 T/m

Refer table on Page - 237 of


3433-AX-CG-001

vi) Moment of inertia (Iy) of the base area about the axis passing through its centre of gravity
and perpendicular to the plane of vibration =

7.27 m4

vii) Moment of inertia (Ix) of the base area about the axis passing through its centre of gravity
and perpendicular to the plane of vibration =
Area of block (Af) =

3.41 m4
7.728 m2

viii) Rotational frequencies y=(Ky-W*Zcg)/0y =

49269.791 rad/sec2

Rotational frequencies x=(Kx-W*Zcg)/0x =

31290.839 rad/sec2

Horizontal frequency 2x,y= K/m =

17808.184 rad/sec2

Natural freq. For uncoupled vertical translation z= ( Kz / m) =

188.72299 rad/sec

ix) Operating frequency of machine

1486

RPM

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Circular frequency of machine"m" =

1486x 2 / 60=

155.61

rad/sec

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9.0 COUPLED NATURAL FREQUENCY:


I)SLIDING & ROCKING MOTION IN X-Z PLANE
(Sliding about X-axis and rocking about Y-axis)
The two natural frequencies n1, n2 which represent the coupled motion
are given by the roots of the following quadratic equation in 2n
4n - (( 2y +2x)/y)* 2n) + ((2y * 2x)/y) = 0
The roots 2n1 and 2n2 are given by
2n1 = (1/ 2 y ) * [ 2y +2x + 2y + 2x)2 - 4*y* 2y * 2x )]
2n2 = (1/ 2 y ) * [ 2y +2x - 2y + 2x)2 - 4*y* 2y * 2x )]
Hence 2n1 =

83229.738 (rad/sec)2

n1

= 288.496

rad/sec

2n2 =

15519.412 (rad/sec)2

n2

= 124.577

rad/sec

Since the natural frequencies are 20% away from the operating frequency HenceO.K

II)SLIDING & ROCKING MOTION IN Y-Z PLANE


(Sliding about Y-axis and rocking about X-axis)
The two natural frequencies n1, n2 which represent the coupled motion
are given by the roots of the following quadratic equation in 2n
4n - (( 2x +2y)/x)* 2n) + ((2x * 2y)/x) = 0
The roots 2n1 and 2n2 are given by
2n3 = (1/ 2 x ) * [ 2x +2y + 2x + 2y)2 - 4*x* 2x * 2y )]
2n4 = (1/ 2 x ) * [ 2x +2y - 2x + 2y)2 - 4*x* 2x * 2y )]
Hence 2n3 =

73438.56174 (rad/sec)2

n3

= 270.996

rad/sec

2n4 =

13423.65346 (rad/sec)2

n4

= 115.860

rad/sec

Since the natural frequencies are 20% away from the operating frequency HenceO.K

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10.0 CALCULATION OF AMPLITUDE:


UNBALANCED FORCES (Dynamic) TO BE CONSIDERED FOR DESIGN OF MACHINE FOUNDATION (Refer Appendix-2)
Unbalanced
force

Force marked as

FORCE
VALUE

CO-ORDINATES OF CG OF THE FORCE

(Tons)

xi (m)

yi (m)

Moment
Moment about
Moment
about x-axis y-axis due to
about z-axis
due to
unbalance force
due to
unbalance
unbalance
force
force
"Mx"(T-m)
"My" (T-m)
"Mz" (T-m)

zi (m)

Force in X-dir

Total in X-dir TOTAL-A

0.000

1.870

1.125

1.763

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

Force in Y-dir

Total in Y-dir TOTAL-A

0.000

1.870

1.125

1.763

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

Force in Z-dir
1.2

1.870

1.125

1.763

-0.025

0.186

0.000

0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
-0.025
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
1.150
0.025
0.186
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.186

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

Total in Z-dir TOTAL-A


1.150
Total unbalanced moment about X-axis "Mx-unbal"
Total unbalance moment about Y-axis "My-unbal"
Total unbalanced moment about Z-axis "Mz-unbal"
Total exciting force along X-axis "Px"
Total exciting force along Y-axis "Py"
Total exciting force along Z-axis "Pz"
Total exciting moment about X-axis "Mx"
Total exciting moment about Y-axis "My"
Total exciting moment about Z-axis "Mz"

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

T-m
T-m
T-m
T
T
T
T-m
T-m
T-m

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I)Amplitude in X-Z plane


Horizontal amplitude (ax) & rotational amplitude (ay) of the foundation subjected to the
simultaneous action of an exciting force and exciting moment are given by
ax = [ (Ky -W S + K S2 - y 2m) Px + (K S ) My ] * 1/ f(2m)
and
Rotational amplitude (ay ) = [ (K S) Px + (K -m 2m)* My] * 1/ f(2m)
where,
f (2m) = m y ( 2n1 - 2m ) * ( 2n2 - 2m )
Hence
ax =
or ax =
ay = [ (K S) Px + (K -m 2m)* My] * 1/ f(2m)
Net amplitude at base level=
ax-Say
Net horizontal amplitude at the ref point= ax+(H-S)ay

-1.20E+09

=
=

-0.000003 m
-0.003 mm

0.001585

-0.004 mm

-0.002 mm
< Permisible amplitude Hence OK

II)Amplitude in Y-Z plane


Horizontal amplitude (ay) & rotational amplitude (ax) of the foundation subjected to the
simultaneous action of an exciting force and exciting moment are given by
ay = [ (Kx -W S + K S2 - x 2m) Py + (K S ) Mx ] * 1/ f(2m)
and
Rotational amplitude (ax ) = [ (K S) Py + (K -m 2m)* Mx] * 1/ f(2m)
where,
f (2m) = m x ( 2n3 - 2m ) * ( 2n4 - 2m )
Hence
ay =
or ay =
ax = [ (K S) Py + (K -m 2m)* Mx] * 1/ f(2m)
Net amplitude at base level=

ay-Sax

Net horizontal amplitude at the ref point = ay+(H-S)ax

-7.60E+08

=
=

-0.000001 m
-0.001 mm

0.000

-0.001 mm

0.000 mm
< Permisible amplitude Hence OK

III)Vertical Amplitude (Z-axis) "az"


The vertical amplitude (az) under the action of exciting force is given by
az = Pz / (( m (2z - 2m))

6.35E-05 m

6.35E-02 mm

< Permisible amplitude Hence OK

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11.0 DYNAMIC FORCES


Dynamic forces in X-Z plane
Horizontal dynamic force (Fd)x = K (ax- S ay)

-0.336 T

0.506 T-m

Dynamic forces in Y-Z plane


Horizontal dynamic force (Fd)y = K (ay- S ax)

-0.070 T

Dynamic Moment (Md)x = Kx ax

0.049 T-m

Dynamic force in Z direction (Vertical)


Vertical dynamic force (Fd)z = Kz az

10.778 T

Net horizontal force along X-axis = Px + (Fd)x


Net horizontal force along Y-axis = Py + (Fd)y
Net vertical force along Z-axis = Pz + (Fd)z + w
Net moment about X-axis = Mx + (Md)x
Net moment about Y-axis = My + (Md)y

=
=
=
=
=

-0.336
-0.070
27.509
0.074
0.692

where is fatigue factor


Dynamic Moment (Md)y = Ky ay

=3

T
T
T
T-m
T-m

12.0 CHECK FOR SOIL STRESS


Net SBC at Founding level ( 2.5m below FGL )

Top of Foundation (TOF)


=
Bottom of founding level
=
Thickness of Plump Concrete
=
Wt. Of plump conc. = 2.4 x ( 3.36 x 2.3 x 0 ) =
=
Wt. Of Soil
=1.8x( ( 3.36x2.3)-(2.36x1.3))x(100 -0.35-99.06) =
Maximum Vertical force on foundation foundation
= ( 27.509 + 4.95+ 0 ) =
=
Maximum Vertical force on foundation foundation
=
Maximum and minimum stress on soil are
max)=
4.385 T/m2

5 T/m2
100.260
99.060
0.000 m
0.000 T
4.950 T
32.459 T
32.459 T

< 0.8xSBC Hence OK


(min)=

4.015 T/m2
> 0 Hence OK

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Calculation of soil spring coefficients for various modes of vibrations:Dynamic shear modulus ( G' )
Poison's ratio ( )
Length of foundation (L)
Width of foundation (B)
Elastic modulus of (E)
E= 2*G*(1+)
16284
Ratio (L/B) =

1.069217

5900 T/m2
0.38
3.36 m
2.3 m
16284 t/m2
1.46087
1.06922

1) Vertical mode (Kz)


Coefficient of uniform compression (Cz)
Cz
Kz

=*E/((1-2)*sqrt(B*L))
=Cz*Af
56570.48 T/m

7320.2 t/m2

2) Rocking mode (K)


Coefficient of elastic non-uniform compression (C)

C
Kx

=2*Cz =
=C*Ix =

Ky =C*Iy =

14640.39 T/m2
49876.31 T/m
106443 T/m

3) Horizontal mode (K)


Coefficient of elastic uniform shear (C)

C
K

=0.5*Cz
=C*Af

3660.099 T/m2
28285.24 T/m

L/B
1
1.5
2
3
5
10

1.06
1.07
1.09
1.13
1.22
1.41

Input Data
Dynamic shear modulus ( G' )
Poison's ratio ( m )
Length of foundation (2L)
Width of foundation (2B)

5900 T/m2
0.38
3.36 m
2.3 m

I) Vertical mode (Kz)


Kz = Sz ( 2LG'/(1-)
where
Sz depends upon Ja
Ja = area / (4L2 )
Ja = ( 3.36 x 2.3 ) / ( 4 x ( 0.5 x 3.36 )^2)
= 0.68
Sz= 1.89
Kz= 60397.43 T/m
II) Horizontal mode (K)
K = Sy ( 2LG'/(2-))
Sy= 3.90
K=

47680

T/m

III) Rocking mode (Kq )


Ky = Sy (G' Iy / (1-))
Iy= (mi/12) x (lxi2+lzi2)
Iy=

1 T-m-Sec2

Sy= 3.20
Ky =

30573

T/m