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Signal Generation and Preprocessing

Smoothing and Denoising


detrend

Remove linear trends

hampel

Outlier removal using Hampel identifier

medfilt1

1-D median filtering

sgolay

Savitzky-Golay filter design

sgolayfilt

Savitzky-Golay filtering

Resampling
decimate

Decimation decrease sampling rate

downsample Decrease sampling rate by integer factor


fillgaps

Fill gaps using autoregressive modeling

interp

Interpolation increase sampling rate by integer factor

interp1

1-D data interpolation (table lookup)

pchip

Piecewise Cubic Hermite Interpolating Polynomial (PCHIP)

resample

Resample uniform or nonuniform data to new fixed rate

spline

Cubic spline data interpolation

upfirdn

Upsample, apply FIR filter, and downsample

upsample

Increase sampling rate by integer factor

Waveform Generation
chirp

Swept-frequency cosine

diric

Dirichlet or periodic sinc function

gauspuls

Gaussian-modulated sinusoidal pulse

gmonopuls

Gaussian monopulse

pulstran

Pulse train

randn

Normally distributed random numbers

rectpuls

Sampled aperiodic rectangle

sawtooth

Sawtooth or triangle wave

sin

Sine of argument in radians

sinc

Sinc function

square

Square wave

stem

Plot discrete sequence data

tripuls

Sampled aperiodic triangle

vco

Voltage controlled oscillator

buffer

Buffer signal vector into matrix of data frames

demod

Demodulation for communications simulation

modulate

Modulation for communications simulation

seqperiod

Compute period of sequence

shiftdata

Shift data to operate on specified dimension

unshiftdata

Inverse of shiftdata

strips

Strip plot

udecode

Decode 2n-level quantized integer inputs to floating-point outputs

uencode

Quantize and encode floating-point inputs to integer outputs

marcumq

Generalized Marcum Q function

Measurements and Feature Extraction


Descriptive Statistics
cummax

Cumulative maximum

cummin

Cumulative minimum

envelope

Signal envelope

max

Largest elements in array

mean

Average or mean value of array

meanfreq

Mean frequency

medfreq

Median frequency

median

Median value of array

min

Smallest elements in array

peak2peak

Maximum-to-minimum difference

peak2rms

Peak-magnitude-to-RMS ratio

rms

Root-mean-square level

rssq

Root-sum-of-squares level

seqperiod

Compute period of sequence

sptool

Open interactive digital signal processing tool

std

Standard deviation

var

Variance

alignsignals

Align two signals by delaying earliest signal

cusum

Detect small changes in mean using cumulative sum

dtw

Distance between signals using dynamic time warping

edr

Edit distance on real signals

findchangepts Find abrupt changes in signal


finddelay

Estimate delay(s) between signals

findpeaks

Find local maxima

findsignal

Find signal location using similarity search

Pulse and Transition Metrics


dutycycle

Duty cycle of pulse waveform

midcross

Mid-reference level crossing for bilevel waveform

pulseperiod

Period of bilevel pulse

pulsesep

Separation between bilevel waveform pulses

pulsewidth

Bilevel waveform pulse width

statelevels

State-level estimation for bilevel waveform with histogram method

falltime

Fall time of negative-going bilevel waveform transitions

overshoot

Overshoot metrics of bilevel waveform transitions

risetime

Rise time of positive-going bilevel waveform transitions

settlingtime Settling time for bilevel waveform


slewrate

Slew rate of bilevel waveform

undershoot

Undershoot metrics of bilevel waveform transitions

Spectral Measurements
bandpower

Band power

enbw

Equivalent noise bandwidth

meanfreq

Mean frequency

medfreq

Median frequency

obw

Occupied bandwidth

powerbw

Power bandwidth

sfdr

Spurious free dynamic range

sinad

Signal to noise and distortion ratio

snr

Signal-to-noise ratio

thd

Total harmonic distortion

toi

Third-order intercept point

Correlation and Convolution


corrcoef

Correlation coefficients

corrmtx

Data matrix for autocorrelation matrix estimation

xcorr

Cross-correlation

xcorr2

2-D cross-correlation

xcov

Cross-covariance

cconv

Modulo-N circular convolution

conv

Convolution and polynomial multiplication

conv2

2-D convolution

convmtx

Convolution matrix

cov

Covariance

deconv

Deconvolution and polynomial division

alignsignals

Align two signals by delaying earliest signal

dtw

Distance between signals using dynamic time warping

edr

Edit distance on real signals

finddelay

Estimate delay(s) between signals

findsignal

Find signal location using similarity search

Digital and Analog Filters


Digital Filter Design
butter

Butterworth filter design

buttord

Butterworth filter order and cutoff frequency

cheby1

Chebyshev Type I filter design

cheb1ord

Chebyshev Type I filter order

cheby2

Chebyshev Type II filter design

cheb2ord

Chebyshev Type II filter order

designfilt

Design digital filters

ellip

Elliptic filter design

ellipord

Minimum order for elliptic filters

polyscale

Scale roots of polynomial

polystab

Stabilize polynomial

yulewalk

Recursive digital filter design

cfirpm

Complex and nonlinear-phase equiripple FIR filter design

designfilt

Design digital filters

fir1

Window-based FIR filter design

fir2

Frequency sampling-based FIR filter design

fircls

Constrained-least-squares FIR multiband filter design

fircls1

Constrained-least-squares linear-phase FIR lowpass and highpass filter design

firls

Least-squares linear-phase FIR filter design

firpm

Parks-McClellan optimal FIR filter design

firpmord

Parks-McClellan optimal FIR filter order estimation

gaussdesign

Gaussian FIR pulse-shaping filter design

intfilt

Interpolation FIR filter design

kaiserord

Kaiser window FIR filter design estimation parameters

maxflat

Generalized digital Butterworth filter design

rcosdesign

Raised cosine FIR pulse-shaping filter design

sgolay

Savitzky-Golay filter design

digitalFilter

Digital filter

double

Cast coefficients of digital filter to double precision

dspfwiz

Create Simulink filter block using Realize Model panel

filt2block

Generate Simulink filter block

fvtool

Open Filter Visualization Tool

info

Information about digital filter

isdouble

Determine if digital filter coefficients are double precision

issingle

Determine if digital filter coefficients are single precision

single

Cast coefficients of digital filter to single precision

Digital Filter Analysis


abs

Absolute value (magnitude)

angle

Phase angle

freqz

Frequency response of digital filter

grpdelay

Average filter delay (group delay)

phasedelay

Phase delay of digital filter

phasez

Phase response of digital filter

unwrap

Correct phase angles to produce smoother phase plots

zerophase

Zero-phase response of digital filter

zplane

Zero-pole plot

impz

Impulse response of digital filter

impzlength

Impulse response length

stepz

Step response of digital filter

filtord

Filter order

filternorm

2-norm or infinity-norm of digital filter

firtype

Type of linear phase FIR filter

isallpass

Determine whether filter is allpass

isfir

Determine if digital filter has finite impulse response

islinphase

Determine whether filter has linear phase

ismaxphase Determine whether filter is maximum phase


isminphase

Determine whether filter is minimum phase

isstable

Determine whether filter is stable

fvtool

Open Filter Visualization Tool

sptool

Open interactive digital signal processing tool

Digital Filtering
fftfilt

FFT-based FIR filtering using overlap-add method

filter

Filter data with recursive (IIR) or nonrecursive (FIR) filter

filter2

2-D digital filter

filtfilt

Zero-phase digital filtering

filtic

Initial conditions for transposed direct-form II filter implementation

hampel

Outlier removal using Hampel identifier

latcfilt

Lattice and lattice-ladder filter implementation

medfilt1

1-D median filtering

residuez

Z-transform partial-fraction expansion

sgolayfilt

Savitzky-Golay filtering

sosfilt

Second-order (biquadratic) IIR digital filtering

conv

Convolution and polynomial multiplication

conv2

2-D convolution

convmtx

Convolution matrix

deconv

Deconvolution and polynomial division

cell2sos

Convert second-order sections cell array to matrix

eqtflength

Equalize lengths of transfer function's numerator and denominator

latc2tf

Convert lattice filter parameters to transfer function form

sos2cell

Convert second-order sections matrix to cell array

sos2ss

Convert digital filter second-order section parameters to state-space form

sos2tf

Convert digital filter second-order section data to transfer function form

sos2zp

Convert digital filter second-order section parameters to zero-pole-gain form

ss

Convert digital filter to state-space representation

ss2sos

Convert digital filter state-space parameters to second-order sections form

ss2tf

Convert state-space representation to transfer function

ss2zp

Convert state-space filter parameters to zero-pole-gain form

tf

Convert digital filter to transfer function

tf2latc

Convert transfer function filter parameters to lattice filter form

tf2sos

Convert digital filter transfer function data to second-order sections form

tf2ss

Convert transfer function filter parameters to state-space form

tf2zp

Convert transfer function filter parameters to zero-pole-gain form

tf2zpk

Convert transfer function filter parameters to zero-pole-gain form

zp2sos

Convert zero-pole-gain filter parameters to second-order sections form

zp2ss

Convert zero-pole-gain filter parameters to state-space form

zp2tf

Convert zero-pole-gain filter parameters to transfer function form

zpk

Convert digital filter to zero-pole-gain representation

dspfwiz

Create Simulink filter block using Realize Model panel

filt2block

Generate Simulink filter block

Multirate Signal Processing


decimate

Decimation decrease sampling rate

downsample Decrease sampling rate by integer factor


fillgaps

Fill gaps using autoregressive modeling

interp

Interpolation increase sampling rate by integer factor

interp1

1-D data interpolation (table lookup)

pchip

Piecewise Cubic Hermite Interpolating Polynomial (PCHIP)

resample

Resample uniform or nonuniform data to new fixed rate

spline

Cubic spline data interpolation

upfirdn

Upsample, apply FIR filter, and downsample

upsample

Increase sampling rate by integer factor

Analog Filters
besself

Bessel analog filter design

butter

Butterworth filter design

cheby1

Chebyshev Type I filter design

cheby2

Chebyshev Type II filter design

ellip

Elliptic filter design

freqs

Frequency response of analog filters

freqspace

Frequency spacing for frequency response

besselap

Bessel analog lowpass filter prototype

bilinear

Bilinear transformation method for analog-to-digital filter conversion

buttap

Butterworth filter prototype

cheb1ap

Chebyshev Type I analog lowpass filter prototype

cheb2ap

Chebyshev Type II analog lowpass filter prototype

ellipap

Elliptic analog lowpass filter prototype

impinvar

Impulse invariance method for analog-to-digital filter conversion

lp2bp

Transform lowpass analog filters to bandpass

lp2bs

Transform lowpass analog filters to bandstop

lp2hp

Transform lowpass analog filters to highpass

lp2lp

Change cutoff frequency for lowpass analog filter

Transforms
abs

Absolute value (magnitude)

angle

Phase angle

fft

Fast Fourier transform

ifft

Inverse fast Fourier transform

fftshift

Shift zero-frequency component to center of spectrum

dftmtx

Discrete Fourier transform matrix

fft2

2-D fast Fourier transform

ifft2

2-D inverse fast Fourier transform

czt

Chirp Z-transform

goertzel

Discrete Fourier transform with second-order Goertzel algorithm

dct

Discrete cosine transform (DCT)

idct

Inverse discrete cosine transform

envelope

Signal envelope

fwht

Fast Walsh-Hadamard transform

ifwht

Inverse Fast Walsh-Hadamard transform

hilbert

Discrete-time analytic signal using Hilbert transform

cceps

Complex cepstral analysis

icceps

Inverse complex cepstrum

rceps

Real cepstrum and minimum phase reconstruction

bitrevorder

Permute data into bit-reversed order

digitrevorder

Permute input into digit-reversed order

Spectral Analysis
Spectral Estimation
cpsd

Cross power spectral density

findpeaks

Find local maxima

mscohere

Magnitude-squared coherence

periodogram

Periodogram power spectral density estimate

plomb

Lomb-Scargle periodogram

pmtm

Multitaper power spectral density estimate

pwelch

Welch's power spectral density estimate

tfestimate

Transfer function estimate

fsst

Fourier synchrosqueezed transform

ifsst

Inverse Fourier synchrosqueezed transform

spectrogram

Spectrogram using short-time Fourier transform

tfridge

Time-frequency ridges

orderspectru
m

Average spectrum versus order for vibration signal

ordertrack

Track and extract order magnitudes from vibration signal

orderwavefor Extract time-domain order waveforms from vibration signal


m
rpmfreqmap

Frequency-RPM map for order analysis

rpmordermap Order-RPM map for order analysis


tachorpm

Extract RPM signal from tachometer pulses

db

Convert energy or power measurements to decibels

db2mag

Convert decibels to magnitude

db2pow

Convert decibels to power

mag2db

Convert magnitude to decibels

pow2db

Convert power to decibels

sptool

Open interactive digital signal processing tool

Parametric Spectral Estimation


findpeaks

Find local maxima

pburg

Autoregressive power spectral density estimate Burg's method

pcov

Autoregressive power spectral density estimate covariance method

pmcov

Autoregressive power spectral density estimate modified covariance method

pyulear

Autoregressive power spectral density estimate Yule-Walker method

db

Convert energy or power measurements to decibels

db2mag

Convert decibels to magnitude

db2pow

Convert decibels to power

mag2db

Convert magnitude to decibels

pow2db

Convert power to decibels

sptool

Open interactive digital signal processing tool

Subspace Methods
peig

Pseudospectrum using eigenvector method

pmusic

Pseudospectrum using MUSIC algorithm

rooteig

Frequency and power content using eigenvector method

rootmusic

Root MUSIC algorithm

Windows
barthannwin

Modified Bartlett-Hann window

bartlett

Bartlett window

blackman

Blackman window

blackmanharri Minimum 4-term Blackman-Harris window


s

bohmanwin

Bohman window

chebwin

Chebyshev window

enbw

Equivalent noise bandwidth

flattopwin

Flat top weighted window

gausswin

Gaussian window

hamming

Hamming window

hann

Hann (Hanning) window

kaiser

Kaiser window

nuttallwin

Nuttall-defined minimum 4-term Blackman-Harris window

parzenwin

Parzen (de la Valle Poussin) window

rectwin

Rectangular window

taylorwin

Taylor window

triang

Triangular window

tukeywin

Tukey (tapered cosine) window

wvtool

Open Window Visualization Tool

dpss

Discrete prolate spheroidal (Slepian) sequences

dpssclear

Remove discrete prolate spheroidal sequences from database

dpssdir

Discrete prolate spheroidal sequences database directory

dpssload

Load discrete prolate spheroidal sequences from database

dpsssave

Discrete prolate spheroidal or Slepian sequence database

Spectral Measurements
bandpower

Band power

enbw

Equivalent noise bandwidth

meanfreq

Mean frequency

medfreq

Median frequency

obw

Occupied bandwidth

powerbw

Power bandwidth

sfdr

Spurious free dynamic range

sinad

Signal to noise and distortion ratio

snr

Signal-to-noise ratio

thd

Total harmonic distortion

toi

Third-order intercept point

Signal Modeling
Autoregressive and Moving Average Models
arburg

Autoregressive all-pole model parameters Burg's method

arcov

Autoregressive all-pole model parameters covariance method

armcov

Autoregressive all-pole model parameters modified covariance method

aryule

Autoregressive all-pole model parameters Yule-Walker method

invfreqs

Identify continuous-time filter parameters from frequency response data

invfreqz

Identify discrete-time filter parameters from frequency response data

prony

Prony method for filter design

stmcb

Compute linear model using Steiglitz-McBride iteration

Linear Predictive Coding


corrmtx

Data matrix for autocorrelation matrix estimation

levinson

Levinson-Durbin recursion

lpc

Linear prediction filter coefficients

rlevinson

Reverse Levinson-Durbin recursion

schurrc

Compute reflection coefficients from autocorrelation sequence

xcorr

Cross-correlation

xcov

Cross-covariance

ac2poly

Convert autocorrelation sequence to prediction polynomial

ac2rc

Convert autocorrelation sequence to reflection coefficients

is2rc

Convert inverse sine parameters to reflection coefficients

lar2rc

Convert log area ratio parameters to reflection coefficients

lsf2poly

Convert line spectral frequencies to prediction filter coefficients

poly2ac

Convert prediction filter polynomial to autocorrelation sequence

poly2lsf

Convert prediction filter coefficients to line spectral frequencies

poly2rc

Convert prediction filter polynomial to reflection coefficients

rc2ac

Convert reflection coefficients to autocorrelation sequence

rc2is

Convert reflection coefficients to inverse sine parameters

rc2lar

Convert reflection coefficients to log area ratio parameters

rc2poly

Convert reflection coefficients to prediction filter polynomial