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SRT 1F Equipment Details

1.2.1 Ordering Guide


Assembling an SRT 1F rack means having to select the proper
equipment from the ordering guide. Please contact Siemens.s Sales and
Marketing dept. for the current ordering guide.
Figure 1.4 shows the configuration of an (N+1) SRT 1F terminal
equipment.
Figure 1.4 - (N+1, N = max. 7) SRT 1F Terminal Radio Equipment, Alternated
operation

BBIU : Base-Band Interface Unit Subrack, optional for Optical Interface


MSP SW
OPT INTF
BBC : Base-Band Control Unit x 1
: Multiplex Section Protection SW Unit for OPT INTF
x (Main CHs)
: Optical Interface Unit x (Main CHs)
For usage of MSP x (2 Main CHs)

SCSU
MSTU
BRU
SRT 1F Terminal Equipment
Rack

: Supervisory, Control, & Switching Unit Subrack x 1


: ETSI Rack x 1
: RF Branching Network Unit Shelf x 1
RF Branching Network Circuit x (Main CHs + Prot)
: Main Signal Transmission Unit x (Main CHs + Prot)

BSW
TCU
HK
OCC
INTF
ECU
SV : Supervisory Unit x x 11
: Base-Band Switch Unit x (Main CHs)
: Timing Control Unit x 1 ( + 1 as option)
: Housekeeping Unit (option) x 2 max.
: Occasional traffic Interface Unit (option) x 1
: Embedded Communication Unit (option) x 2 max.
UMN 1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION
SRT 1F
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Figure 1.5 shows the configuration of an SRT 1F terminal radio
equipment operating in the 2(N+1) co-channel operation mode. One
rack is used for vertical polarization, another for horizontal polarization.
Figure 1.5 - 2 x (N+1, N = max. 7) SRT 1F Terminal Radio Equipment,
Co-channel operation

BBIU : Base-Band Interface Unit (option) x 2

BBC : Base-Band Control Unit x 2


MSP SW : Multiplex Section Protection SW Unit for OPT INTF
x (Main CHs)

OPT INTF : Optical Interface Unit x (Main CHs)


For usage of MSP x (2 Main CHs)

SCSU
MSTU
BRU
SRT 1F Terminal Equipment
Rack

: Supervisory, Control, & Switching Unit x 2


: ETSI Rack x 2
: RF Branching Network Unit Shelf x 2
RF Branching Network Circuit x (Main CHs + Prot) x 2
: Main Signal Transmission Unit x (Main CHs + Prot) x 2

BSW
SV : Supervisory Unit x x 11
: Base-Band Switch Unit x (Main CHs)
TCU : Timing Control Unit x 1 ( + 1 as option)
HK : Housekeeping Unit x 2 max.
OCC
INTF
: Occasional traffic Interface Unit(option) x 2 max.
ECU : Embedded Communication Unit(option) x 2 max.
BSW INTF : BSW Interface x 1 for RPS Group 2
1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION UMN
SRT 1F
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1.2.2 BRU (Branching Network Unit)


To define the BRU, the following requirements must be detailed:
i) Operating frequency band
ii) Assigned RF channel number and frequency
iii) System configuration (1+0, 1+1, 2+1,........., 7+1)
iv) Operating mode: alternated operation or co-channel operation
v) With SD (Space Diversity) or without SD

1.2.3 MSTU (Main Signal Transmission Unit)


To define the MSTU, the following requirements must be detailed:
i) Operating frequency band
ii) Assigned RF channel number and frequency
iii) Operating mode: alternated operation or co-channel operation
Note: SD receiver circuit is equipped as a standard circuit on the SRT
1F receiver.

1.2.4 SCSU (Supervisory, Control and Switching Unit)


To define the SCSU, the following requirements must be detailed:
i) RPS system configuration: Number of operating RF channels
ii) Operating mode: alternated operation or co-channel operation
iii) Required optional unit name, such as ECU, HK, TCU, OCC
INTF, and its quantity.
iv) Sub-module of SV unit for RUC (VF, Digital interface or none)

UMN 1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION


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1.2.5 BBIU (Baseband Interface Unit)


To define the BBIU, the following requirements must be detailed:
i) RPS system configuration: Number of operating RF channels
ii) Operating mode: alternated operation or co-channel operation
iii) Requirement for MSP function.
1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION UMN
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1.2.6 General Specifications


1.2.7 General Information
Table 1.1 - General Specifications
Description
Modulation 64 state Quadrature Amplitude Modulation with Multi Level Coded
Modulation type FEC (64 QAM MLCM) for 4/5/U6/11 GHz band
128 state Quadrature Amplitude Modulation with Multi Level Coded
Modulation type FEC (128 QAM MLCM) for U4/L6/7/L8/13 GHz band
Capacity Alternated operation
One (1) STM-1 (155.52 Mbit/s) signal per RF frequency
Co-channel operation
Two (2) STM-1 (155.52 Mbit/s) signal per RF frequency
Auxiliary signal
Wayside traffic (2.048 Mb/s)
Maximum 2 channels per STM-1 by using RFCOH and SOH.
Maximum 2N channels for N+1 alternated operation or
Maximum 2 x 2N channels for 2 x (N+1) co-channel operation
Radio User Channel (64 kb/s)
Maximum 2 channels per system using RFCOH for N+1
Maximum 2 channels for N+1 alternated operation or
Maximum 2 x 2 channels for 2 x (N+1) co-channel operation
User Channel (SOH, 64 kb/s)
One (1) channel per STM-1 using SOH
Maximum N channels for N+1 alternated operation or
Maximum 2N channels for 2 x (N+1) co-channel operation
Repeating Method Regenerative
Overhead Byte
Access
Same insertion/extraction method as for SDH fibre optic transmission
system for terminal and repeater station
RS Section (Note-1)
A1, A2, C1, B1, E1, F1, D1.D3 byte
MS Section (Note-2)
B2, K1, K2, D4.D12 and E2, M1 and S1 byte.
Hypothetical
Reference Digital
Path (HRDP)
In accordance with the latest ITU-R recommendation

UMN 1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION


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1.2.8 Transmitter (TX)


Table 1.2 - Transmitter section

Description
Output power +32/29 dBm1 dB for 4-L8GHz band
+29 dBm1 dB for 11GHz band
+27 dBm1 dB for 13GHz band
measured at MSTU unit output
Linearity
compensation
Linearizer circuit is employed to maintain optimum linearity
Local carrier RF band oscillation With PLL
Synthesizer type, frequency pre-settable
Coverage of upper or lower half of the corresponding band (quarter
band for 11 and 13GHz).
Local Frequency
stability
Within 10 ppm
Spurious emission For unmodulated carrier measured at duplexer output
< .60 dBm in the frequency range 30.0 MHz to 21.2 GHz
< .30 dBm in the frequency range 21.2 GHz to 40.0 GHz
IF 1st IF: 70 MHz
2nd IF: 844 MHz
IF input
(Test In)
Signal level: .10 dBm nominal
Variation: 1 dB
Impedance: 75 ohm unbalanced
Return loss: > 20 dB/ 70 MHz 13 MHz for 64 QAM
> 20 dB/ 70 MHz 11 MHz for 128 QAM
RF filter Chebycheff type
3 dB bandwidth: 40 MHz for 64 QAM
30 MHz for 128 QAM
ATPC
Automatic transmit power control (ATPC) is standard. Power control
level: 10 dB
Response time: 100 ms
Control initiation: Received signal threshold detection
Transmitted output
spectrum
64 MLCM: Figure 1.6
128 MLCM: Figure 1.7
128 MLCM: Figure 1.8

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION UMN


SRT 1F
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Figure 1.6 Transmitter output spectrum

(64QAM system, 40 MHz spacing)


(Exclude emissions which result from the modulation process)
RF frequency (MHz)
39.5MHz
-65dB
24MHz
-35dB
14MHz
+1dB
19.5MHz
-10dB
-90

-100
-80
-70
-60
-50
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 100
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
+1
55MHz
-95dB

UMN 1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION


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RF frequency (MHz)
05
-110
34MHz
-65dB
22MHz
-45dB
18MHz
-32dB
17MHz
-32dB
12MHz
+2dB
-100
-90
-80
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10 15 20 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65
14.5MHz
-6dB
32MHz
-85dB
40MHz
-95dB
70
60MHz
-105dB
+2

Figure 1.7 Transmitter output spectrum


(128QAM system, 29 / 29.65 MHz spacing)
(Exclude emissions which result from the modulation process)
1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION UMN
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Figure 1.8 Transmitter output spectrum
(128QAM system, 28 MHz spacing)

(Exclude emissions which result from the modulation process)


RF frequency (MHz)
05
29.5MHz
-65dB
21MHz
-35dB
20MHz
-35dB
13MHz
+1dB
-80
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70
+1

UMN 1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION


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1.2.9 Receiver (RX)


Table 1.3 - Receiver section
Description
Noise figure
(Note 1)
1.5 dB typical (for 4 ~ 6 GHz band)
2.0 dB guaranteed (for 4 ~ 6 GHz band
2.0 dB typical (for 7 ~ 8 GHz band)
2.5 dB guaranteed (for 7 ~ 8 GHz band)
2.5 dB typical (for 11 GHz band)
3.0 dB guaranteed (for 11 GHz band)
4.0 dB typical (for 13 GHz band)
4.5 dB guaranteed (for 13 GHz band)
Note 1: Noise figure is measured at the MSTU unit input on both the main and
SD receiver, independently, and at maximum IF amplifier gain.
Local carrier RF band oscillation with PLL
Synthesizer type, frequency pre-settable
Half band coverage on lower or upper half of the corresponding band (quarter
band for 11 and 13 GHz band).
Spurious emission For unmodulated carrier measured at duplexer output
< .60 dBm in the frequency range 30.0 MHz to 21.2 GHz
< .30 dBm in the frequency range 21.2 GHz to 40.0 GHz
Local Frequency stability Within 10 ppm (11 GHz)
Image rejection More than 100 dB with RX BPF measured at the MSTU output when the image
and main signal levels are equal, and with unmodulated carrier.
Normal received power .32 to .55 dBm
Received input range
(for BER at 1 x 10 .3)
Maximum level: .17 dBm
Minimum level: .74.5 dBm for 64QAM
.72.0 dBm for 128QAM
AGC dynamic range .17 to .77 dBm measured at MSTU input

IF 1st IF: 70MHz


2nd IF: 844MHz
IF output (70 MHz)
(Test Out)
Signal level: .10 dBm nominal, +l dB/.2 dB variation for .17 to .77 dBm
modulated RX input
Impedance : 75 ohm unbalanced
Return loss : > 20 dB/ 70 MHz 13 MHz for 64 QAM
11 MHz for 128 QAM
Measured at the MSTU unit monitoring point.
RF filter Chebycheff type
3 dB bandwidth: 40 MHz for 64 QAM
30 MHz for 128 QAM
IF filter Butterworth type
3 dB bandwidth 40 MHz

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION UMN


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1.2.10 Modulator (MOD)


Table 1.4 - Modulation
Description
Modulation For 40 MHz Channel spacing:
64-state Quadrature Amplitude Modulation with Multi-Level Coded
Modulation type FEC (64 QAM MLCM)
For 28/29/29.65/30 MHz Channel spacing:
128-state Quadrature Amplitude Modulation with Multi-Level Coded
Modulation type FEC (128 QAM MLCM)
Spectrum shaping 35 % raised cosine roll-off factor for 64 QAM MLCM
or 25 % raised cosine roll-off factor for 128 QAM MLCM
Spectrum shaping is root Nyquist distribution.
Local carrier Crystal oscillator (XO)
Local frequency
stability
Within 15 ppm
IF 70 MHz

1.2.11 Demodulator (DEM)


Table 1.5 - Demodulation
Description
Demodulation Coherent detection/instantaneous decision
Spectrum shaping 35 % raised cosine roll-off factor for 64 QAM MLCM
or 25 % raised cosine roll-off factor for 128 QAM MLCM
Spectrum shaping is root Nyquist distribution.
IF 70 MHz
Adaptive equalizer
in baseband
10-tap linear transversal equalizer (TVE) and
10-tap decision feedback equalizer (DFE)
Adaptive equalizer
in IF
Slope equalizer

UMN 1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION


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1.2.12 Digital Processing

Table 1.6 - Digital Processing


Description
SDH Electrical
interface
CMI-to-unipolar conversion
Unipolar-to-CMI conversion
Frame synchronization to STM-1 frame
Section Adaptation (change the pointer)
Scrambler/descrambler
Addition/drop of section Overhead bit
(1) Framing bit (A1, A2)
(2) Regenerator section party (B1)
(3) Network management for regenerator section (D1 to D3)
(4) Regenerator section orderwire (E1)
(5) User channel (F1)
(6) Multiplex section Parity (B2)
(7) Network management for multiplex section (D4 to D12)
(8) Multiplex section orderwire (E2)
(9) AIS, FERF (K1, K2)
(10) Section trace (J0)
(11) Far End Block Error (M1)
(12) Synchronization status byte (S1)
SDH optical interface Optical-to-electrical conversion
Electrical-to-optical conversion
Frame synchronization to STM-1 frame
Section Adaptation (change the pointer)
Scrambler/descrambler
Addition/drop of section Overhead byte
(1) Framing bit (A1, A2)
(2) Regenerator section parity (B1)
(3) Network management for regenerator section (D1 to D3)
(4) Regenerator section orderwire (E1)
(5) User channel (F1)
(6) Multiplex section Parity (B2)
(7) Network management for multiplex section (D4 to D12)
(8) Multiplex section orderwire (E2)
(9) MSP CONT (K1, K2)
(10) Section trace (J0)
(11) Far End Block Error (M1)
(12) Synchronization status byte (S1)

FERF = Far End Receive Failure


MSP = Multiplex Section Protection
1.