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Label Color Complements PrintColor Theory: Colors Art


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Color Mixing and the Color


Wheel
It's easy to mix paints to make new colors. You can use the primary colors (red, blue,
and yellow) plus black and white to get all of the colors of the rainbow.

Mixing Colors

The Color Wheel:


The Color Wheel shows the relationships between
the colors.
The three primary colors are red, yellow, and blue;
they are the only colors that cannot be made by
mixing two other colors.
The three secondary colors are green, orange, and
violet; they are each a mixture of two primary
colors. Their hue is halfway between the two
primary colors that were used to mix them. On the color wheel, the secondary colors
are located between the colors they are made from.
The six tertiary colors (red-orange, red-violet, yellow-green, yellow-orange, bluegreen and blue-violet) are made by mixing a primary color with an adjacent
secondary color. On the color wheel, the tertiary colors are located between the
primary and secondary colors they are made from.
Black, white and gray are not true colors (or hues). They are considered to be neutral,
achromatic colors.
Value refers to how light or dark a color appears. To make a color lighter in value,
white is added. A light color is called a tint of the original hue. For example, pink is a
tint of red. To make a color darker in value, black is added. A dark color is called a
shade of the original hue. Maroon is a shade of red.

Making Colors Lighter or Darker

To make a color lighter in


value, add white. The more
white you add, the lighter the
color will get. This is called a
tint of the original color.

To make a color darker (this is called a shade of the


original color), add a small amount of black. If you
add too much black, your color will be almost
black. Another way to darken a color is to mix in
some of the complementary color (the opposite
color on a color wheel - see below). This produces
a rich, dark color (richer than just adding black).

Some pairs of complementary colors are:


blue/orange, green/red, yellow/purple, black/white.
Intensity refers to the brightness or dullness of a color. An example is bright red (or
dull red).
Color Schemes (Color Harmonies):

Monochrome (meaning "one color") color harmonies include only one color in
different value (the lightness and darkness of a color) and intensity (the brightness or
dullness of a color). An example of a monochrome color scheme could include any
color mixed with white, gray, or black. For example, red, rose and pink (red mixed
with white) are monochrome.
Adjacent colors (also called analogous colors) uses colors that neighbor each other
on the color wheel. An example is a color scheme that includes various values and
intensities of reds and oranges.
Colors opposite each other on the color wheel are called complementary colors. For
example, violet and yellow are complementary colors. So are red and green, and blue
and orange.

A single split complement uses a primary color plus colors on either side of its
complement. An example is a color scheme that includes various values and
intensities of greens, violet-reds and red-oranges.
A triad uses colors at the points of an equilateral triangle (three colors spaced equally
on the color wheel). These are sometimes called balanced colors. An example of a
triadic scheme could be red, blue, and yellow; green, orange, and purple, etc.
A double split complement (also called tetradic) uses two pairs of complements, one
apart on the color wheel. An example is red, green, orange, and blue.
Warm Colors and Cool Colors:
The warm colors include reds, oranges, and yellows; the cool colors include blues,
greens and violets. The neutral colors are black, white, and grays.

Art Label Me Printouts:

Color Relationships

Color Wheel
Label the color wheel, labeling
and coloring the primary,
secondary, and tertiary colors.
Answers

Label and color many color schemes, including


monochrome, adjacent colors, a pair of
complements, a triad, a single split complement,
and a double split complement.
Answers

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