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ENGLISH

Day of Hanukkah also called the festival of the Temple or meaning ordination
temple (the temple of Solomon), this is a feast of the Jews which will be held in the city
of Al Quds (Jerusalem) on every 25th of Kislev (around the end of December) for 8
days.
This celebration is celebrated usually in conjunction with a Advent (the nearest
Sunday before November to 24 December) for the Christians or even with the
Christmas holiday, so it is sometimes called the 'Christmas Jewish'.
In its history the festival was held as Judas Maccabeus cleansing and rebuilding
of the Temple (Temple of Solomon) that has been undermined by the non-Jews,
including the Greek dynasty of Antiochus.
In celebration of this, the Jews berarakan carrying a baton decorated with palm
leaves, offered sacrifices, and singing to the accompaniment of musical instruments.
In this peryaan festival will provide Menorah Jewish people in the houses and in
the synagogue. The menorah is a candle with number eight arms (4 on the left and four
right condition) are lit one by one every day during the fair, and will be put in place that
can be seen by people.
According to the custom of lighting the Menorah sejarwana very similar to the
custom of lighting candles one by one each week in commemoration of Advent.
Candles should be lit just after sunset except on Saturdays, on Saturday the
candle lit half an hour before sunset.
In the ritual candle should be lit for at least 1.5 hours, and if dead people should
turn back the wax over people who had previously not turn the candle on the same day.
According to legend, at one time available only enough oil to light the menorah
for one day, but it turned menorah may continue to burn for eight days. This is the
background of the celebration of Hanukkah is celebrated for eight days. (Wikipedia
arabic

INDONESIA
Hari Hanukkah biasa disebut juga dengan festival Kenisah atau yang berarti
Penahbisan Bait Tuhan (kuil Sulaiman), ini merupakan salah satu hari raya bagi bangsa
Yahudi yang akan di selenggarakan di kota Al Quds (Yerusalem) pada setiap tanggal 25
Kislew (sekitar akhir bulan Desember) selama 8 hari lamanya.
Perayaan ini dirayakan biasanya bersamaan dengan masa adven (hari Minggu
terdekat sebelum bulan November sampai 24 Desember)bagi umat Kristiani atau
bahkan dengan hari raya Natal, sehingga terkadang disebut sebagai Natal Yahudi.
Dalam sejarahnya festival ini diadakan sebagai Yudas Makabe yang menyucikan
dan membangun kembali Kenisah (Kuil Sulaiman) yang sudah dirusak oleh orangorang bukan-Yahudi, termasuk orang Yunani dari dinasti Antiokhus.
Dalam perayaan ini, umat Yahudi berarakan sambil membawa tongkat
berhiaskan daun palem, mempersembahkan kurban, dan bernyanyi dengan iringan alat
musik.
Pada festival peryaan ini bangsa Yahudi akan menyediakan Menorah di rumahrumah maupun di Sinagog. Menorah merupakan lilin dengan jumlah delapan lengan (4
di sisi kiri dan 4 disi kanan) yang dinyalakan satu per satu setiap hari selama perayaan
ini, dan akan ditaruh di tempat yang bisa dilihat oleh orang-orang .
Kebiasaan menyalakan Menorah menurut para sejarwana mirip sekali dengan
kebiasaan menyalakan lilin satu per satu setiap minggu dalam peringatan masa Adven.
Lilin ini harus dinyalakan tepat setelah matahari terbenam kecuali pada hari
sabtu, pada hari Sabtu lilin tersebut dinyalakan setengah jam sebelum matahari
terbenam.
Dalam ritualnya lilin ini harus menyala setidaknya selama 1,5 jam, dan jika mati
orang-orang boleh menyalakannya kembali lilin tersebut selama bukan orang yang
sebelumnya telah menghidupkan lilin di hari yang sama.
Menurut legenda, pada suatu saat hanya tersedia cukup minyak untuk
menyalakan menorah selama satu hari, namun ternyata menorah dapat terus menyala
selama 8 hari. Inilah yang menjadi latar belakang perayaan Hanukkah yang dirayakan
selama 8 hari. (Wikipedia arabic)

WIKIPEDIA
Hanukkah in Yiddish; a transliteration also romanized as Chanukah or Hanukah)
is a Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Holy Temple (the Second
Temple) in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid Empire.
Hanukkah is observed for eight nights and days, starting on the 25th day of Kislev
according to the Hebrew calendar, which may occur at any time from late November to
late December in the Gregorian calendar. It is also known as the Festival of Lights and
the Feast of Dedication.
The festival is observed by the kindling of the lights of a unique candelabrum,
the nine-branched menorah (also called a Chanukiah/Hanukiah), one additional light on
each night of the holiday, progressing to eight on the final night. The typical menorah
consists of eight branches with an additional visually distinct branch. The extra light,
with which the others are lit, is called a shamash (Hebrew: , "attendant") and is
given a distinct location, usually above or below the rest.[1] Other Hanukkah festivities
include playing dreidel and eating oil-based foods such as doughnuts and latkes. Since
the 1970s, the worldwide Chabad Hasidic movement has initiated public menorah
lightings in open public places in many countries