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Vipin Chandra Pal (November 7, 1858

May 20, 1932) was an Indian nationalist. He

was among the triumvirate of Lal Bal Pal which consisted of Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal
Gangadhar Tilak( Lokmanya Tilak) and Bipin Chandra Pal, himself
Early life and background
Bipin Chandra Pal was born in Poil Village, Habiganj District, Bengal state of B
ritish India (now part of Bangladesh), in a wealthy Hindu Vaishnava family. His
father was Ramchandra Pal, a Persian scholar and small landowner. His son was Ni
ranjan Pal, one of the founders of Bombay Talkies. He studied and taught at the
Church Mission Society College (now the St. Paul's Cathedral Mission College), a
n affiliated college of the University of Calcutta.[1] B.C. Pal is known as the
'Father of Revolutionary Thoughts' in India and was one of the freedom fighters
of India.[2] He is also known as Bengal tiger
in 1886 he joined the Indian National Congress. At the Madras session of congres
s held in 1887,Bipin Chandra made a strong plea for repeal of the Arms Act which
was discriminatory in nature.
Along with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak he belonged to the Lal,Bal an
d Pal trio that was associated with revolutionary activity. In fact Aurobindo Gh
osh and Pal were recognised as the chief exponents of a new national movement re
volving around the ideals of Purna Swaraj, Swadeshi, boycott and national educat
His program consisted of Swadeshi, Boycott and national education. He preached t
he use of Swadeshi and the Boycott of foreign goods to eradicate poverty and une
He wanted to remove social evils from the form and arouse the feelings of nation
alism through national criticism.
He had no faith in mild protests in the form of Non-Cooperation with the governm
ent. On that one issue, the Assertive nationalist leader had nothing common with
During last six years of his life he parted company with the Congress and led a
secluded life. Sri Aurobindo referred to him as one of mightiest prophets of nat