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English - Upper-intermediate

1. Present Tenses...................................................................................................................................... 3
1. Present Tenses..................................................................................................................................... 3
2. Five (serious) symptoms of Facebook addiction...................................................................................... 3
3. Welcome to the `weisure` lifestyle........................................................................................................ 3
2. Past Tenses........................................................................................................................................... 4
4. Past Tenses.......................................................................................................................................... 4
5. Job Interview....................................................................................................................................... 4
3. Articles.................................................................................................................................................. 5
6. Articles................................................................................................................................................ 5
7. Digital Heaven...................................................................................................................................... 5
4. Countable and Uncountable Nouns..................................................................................................... 6
8. Countable and Uncountable Nouns....................................................................................................... 6
9. The Power of Advertising...................................................................................................................... 6
5. Expressing the Future........................................................................................................................... 7
10. Expressing the Future......................................................................................................................... 7
11. Future Perfect and Future Continuous Tense........................................................................................ 7
12. The Future of the Workplace............................................................................................................... 7
6. Relative Clauses.................................................................................................................................... 8
13. Relative Clauses.................................................................................................................................. 8
14. Participle Clauses................................................................................................................................ 8
15. Clauses of Purpose............................................................................................................................. 8
16. Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school............................................................. 8
7. Gerund and Infinitive........................................................................................................................... 9
17. Gerund and Infinitive.......................................................................................................................... 9
18. Three Ways to Remain Productive When Working from Home.............................................................. 9
8. Modals................................................................................................................................................. 10
19. Modals............................................................................................................................................. 10
20. Past Modals...................................................................................................................................... 10
21. None of us is as smart as all of us........................................................................................................ 10
22. The Mysteries of Stonehenge............................................................................................................. 10
9. The Passive.......................................................................................................................................... 11
23. The Passive....................................................................................................................................... 11
24. Passive Constructions with Say, Believe............................................................................................... 11
25. Computer/Internet Addiction Symptoms, Causes and Effects............................................................... 11
10. Reported Speech.............................................................................................................................. 12
26. Reported Speech.............................................................................................................................. 12
27. Work related age discrimination........................................................................................................ 12
11. Conditionals...................................................................................................................................... 13
28. Conditionals..................................................................................................................................... 13
29. Life before smartphones It was OK to be vague about things............................................................... 13
12. Idioms............................................................................................................................................... 14
30. Idioms............................................................................................................................................. 14

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31. The Road to Success......................................................................................................................... 14

13. Phrasal verbs.................................................................................................................................... 15


32. Phrasal verbs.................................................................................................................................... 15
33. Phrasal verbs in the news.................................................................................................................. 15

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1. Present Tenses
1. Present Tenses

Sadanja vremena u engleskom jeziku su Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect i Present Perfect
Continuous. Svako od ovih vremena ima posebnu upotrebu, sve u zavisnosti od konteksta.

2. Five (serious) symptoms of Facebook addiction

In the following text, we couldve seen how dangerous Facebook can be if you over-use it. There were many examples
of present tenses in the article: Addiction is partly in the mind, The problem is that Facebook only tells you a little
amount, Though Facebook has chat presence, it does not guarantee..., Why haven't they responded?, etc.

3. Welcome to the `weisure` lifestyle

We all work hard and there is always a choice to be made. We all have priorities in life. New technologies have
changed the world. There are positive and negative sides to it, we just have to see what is best for us and, if possible,
try to combine work and fun. There were many examples of present tenses in the text.

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2. Past Tenses
4. Past Tenses

U engleskom jeziku prola vremena su Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect i Past Perfect Continuous. Poznavanje
forme i upotrebe svih prolih vremena je od velike vanosti zbog slaganja vremena. Svako prolo vreme se upotrebljava
u zavisnosti od karakteristine situacije u prolosti, to smo mogli da vidimo u primerima u lekciji.

5. Job Interview

A job interview is the most important step in finding and securing the job you want. There are things you should never
say in a job interview. No matter how bad the previous job was, you never, ever want to badmouth a former employer.
The most important thing is to avoid embarrassing moments and show the desire to succeed. There are many
examples of past tenses in the text.

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3. Articles
6. Articles

lanovi se esto koriste u engleskom jeziku kako u govoru, tako i u pisanju. Postoji veliki broj izuzetaka koje moramo
zapamtiti (najbolje da se zapamti neki primer: The English live in England.). Vremenom e svako od nas stei oseaj
kada lanovi treba da se upotrebe, a kada ne.

7. Digital Heaven

We hope you have found the story amusing. Its an interesting account on the part of the author of what we might
expect in future. The story bears a resemblance to science fiction novels, being full of innovative and entertaining
ideas. The story also provides you with the examples of the use of definite and indefinite articles.

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4. Countable and Uncountable Nouns


8. Countable and Uncountable Nouns

U engleskom jeziku postoje brojive i nebrojive imenice. Brojive imenice su imenice koje imaju mnoinu, tj. one koje se
mogu izbrojati. Nebrojive imenice su one koje ne mogu da se izbroje, tj. nemaju mnoinu. Postoje imenice koje su u
engleskom jeziku nebrojive, dok su u drugim jezicima brojive. Teko je da se takve imenice ue napamet, pa je najbolje
da se vezuju za neki kontekst, npr. The good news is that...

9. The Power of Advertising

We hope you have found the story compelling! The society we live in is clearly marked by the importance and
prevalence of advertising. Not only does this story enrich your vocabulary but it also provides you with examples of
countable and uncountable nouns. Do you agree with the author of this article? What do you think about
advertisements?

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5. Expressing the Future


10. Expressing the Future

U engleskom jeziku se budunost iskazuje na nekoliko naina, odnosno korienjem odreenih vremena. Koje e se
vreme koristiti, zavisi od konteksta.

11. Future Perfect and Future Continuous Tense

Budue trajno vreme koristimo kada slualac zna ili razume u koje vreme se radnja odvija (She will be playing tennis at
11 am tomorrow). Budue svreno vreme koristimo za radnju koja e se desiti i zavriti do odreenog vremena u
budunosti (They will have left Belgrade by 11 0clock).

12. The Future of the Workplace

The workplace of the future is definitely going to change it is going to be more mobile, more flexible, with
high-performing design and systems. There are examples of future tenses in the text.

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6. Relative Clauses
13. Relative Clauses

Odredbena odnosna reenica blie odreuje imenicu ili zamenicu na koju se odnosi i ne moe da se izostavi, jer bez nje
reenica nema smisao. Kada govorimo o ljudima, koristimo who ili that; which ili that se koriste kada govorimo o
stvarima ili ivotinjama. Kada je odnosna zamenica objekat reenice, ona se moe izostaviti. Umetnuta odnosna
reenica daje dodatno obavetenje o glavnoj reenici i moe da se izostavi poto glavna reenica i bez nje ima smisla.

14. Participle Clauses

U engleskom jeziku postoje particip sadanji, particip proli i particip perfekta. Oni se koriste da skrate reenicu kada
oznaavaju radnju istovremenu sa deavanjem radnje glavnog glagola, mada ponekad radnja participa moe i da
prethodi glavnoj radnji. Glagoli percepcije ili ulne senzacije mogu biti praeni ing participom ili infinitivom (I saw her
enter the house. *kako je ula / I saw her entering the house.*kako je ulazila).

15. Clauses of Purpose

Da bi se izrazila namera u engleskom jeziku, koriste se oblici so that, in order to, so as to. Postoje takoe i odrini oblici
ovih veznika in order not to, so as not to.

16. Everyone is born creative, but it is educated out of us at school

The text provides you with the examples of relative and participle clauses as well as clauses of purpose. The article is
very critical of education systems which discourage the development of creativity in children and learners. We hope
you have expanded your vocabulary as well.

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7. Gerund and Infinitive


17. Gerund and Infinitive

Upotreba gerunda ili infinitiva menja znaenje glagola stop, remember, forget, regret, go on i try. Treba iz konteksta
uoiti razliku (I stopped drinking. Subjekat vie ne pije ili je u tom trenutku prestao da pije.; I stopped to drink.
Zaustavila sam se u hodu, jer sam elela da popijem pie.).

18. Three Ways to Remain Productive When Working from Home


The text provides you with the examples of the use of gerunds and infinitives in the sentence. The story itself highlights
the pros and cons of working from home. If you ever wish to consider this type of job, you will undoubtedly find the
article compelling and entertaining.

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8. Modals
19. Modals
Vano je zapamtiti da modalne glagole prati infinitiv bez to (izuzevought to), da nemaju-soblik u treem licu jednine
prezenta, da stoje ispred subjekta u pitanjima. Poto nemaju sve oblike, ove glagole nekad zamenjuju drugi glagoli
slinog znaenja (be able to, have to). Modali mogu imati vie znaenja.

20. Past Modals


U zavisnosti od konteksta, upotrebie se odgovarajui past modal. Ukoliko je u pitanju neka kritika ili neodobravanje u
prolosti, koristiemocould,might,should/shouldnt(I should have booked the room in advance, You shouldnt have
eaten so much, You might or could have told me you were coming, He could have helped you). Modalni glagolimay,
mighticouldse kombinuju sa prolim infinitivom kada govorimo o tome da se neto moda desilo u prolosti.Musti
can'tse koriste uz prole infinitive kada govorimo o tome da se neto sigurno desilo ili se sigurno nije desilo u prolosti.

21. None of us is as smart as all of us


It is important to be a team player in companies. According to the text everyone participates actively and positively in
meetings and projects and team goals are understood by everyone. There are many examples of modals in the text.

22. The Mysteries of Stonehenge


There are a few theories about how Stonehenge could have been built but everything is uncertain, the mystery is still
there to be solved. There were many examples of past modals in the text.

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9. The Passive
23. The Passive
Kad je u pitanju pasiv, najvanije je da prvo utvrdimo u kom vremenu je reenica, a zatim da primenimo pravilo za
njegovo graenje. Pasiv se mnogo ee koristi u engleskom nego u srpskom jeziku i to kada vrilac radnje nije poznat,
kada vrilac radnje nije bitan, kada se naglaava radnja, a ne vrilac radnje i kada je vrilac radnje oigledan.

24. Passive Constructions with Say, Believe...


Bezlian pasiv se koristi samo uz glagole opaanja (say, think, knowitd). Neodreeni subjekat (people, they, somebody)
moe da se zameni sa it (It is believed ..., It is claimed..., It is said...).

25. Computer/Internet Addiction Symptoms, Causes and Effects


We hope you have enjoyed the text and got yourself acquainted with computer addiction. It helps recognise the signs
of computer addiction. There are certainly health related consequences of such an addiction. The text also helps you
improve your understanding of the passive voice. Do you know anyone who seems to be a computer and Internet
addict? How does that affect them?

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10. Reported Speech


26. Reported Speech
Indirektnim govorom (Reported Speech) se indirektno navode neije rei. Da bi se direktna reenica prebacila u
indirektnu, neophodno je poznavanje svih vremena. Vano je zapamtiti da kada se formiraju utiva pitanja (Could you
tell me...?, Do you know...?),u drugom delu reenice treba nastaviti sa indirektnim pitanjem (Do you knowif she works
here?).

27. Work related age discrimination


The people subjected to ageism in the tech sector explain the reasons why companies discriminate against their age
group. Tech companies are clearly in favour of young and ambitious people. Ambitious people in their 20s are in
demand while older people working in the tech sector are faced with many challenges. There are also examples of
reported speech in the article. Please note that when we introduce a reported statement or a question in the past
tense, each tense in the reported statement or question goes one tense back in time.

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11. Conditionals
28. Conditionals
Kondicionali se dele na nulti, prvi, drugi i trei kondicional. Kod nultog kondicionala je uslov uvek taan, kod prvog
postoji velika mogunost za ostvarenje radnje koja se uslovljava, drugi kondicional nosi sa sobom manju verovatnou
da e se radnja ostvariti, iako to nije potpuno nemogue, dok trei kondicional oznaava zamiljenu ili potpuno
nerealnu situaciju. On nam daje do znanja da vie ne postoji mogunost za ostvarenje radnje.

29. Life before smartphones It was OK to be vague about things


We were definitely happier in the past, we didnt have to worry so much, life was better and people were more
sociable. The text also helps you improve your understanding of conditionals.

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12. Idioms
30. Idioms
Idiomi igraju jako veliku ulogu u engleskom jeziku. Upotreba idioma je od kljune vanosti kako u govoru, tako i u
pisanju i itanju. Poznavanje gramatike i vokabulara se stie vremenom, ali bez idioma govor e biti udan i uobiajen.

31. The Road to Success


As you have noticed, the focus has been on English idioms phrases which can be very useful. There is an abundance
of idioms in the English language. While some idioms can have a more archaic meaning and therefore are used less,
there are idioms which are used in everyday speech. If you as a non-native speaker of English use idioms and idiomatic
expressions in your everyday speech and writing in English, congratulations! Its a very good sign that your English is at
a satisfactory level because the use of idioms speaks volumes about your language competence.

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13. Phrasal verbs


32. Phrasal verbs
Frazalni glagoli se koriste i u pisanom i u govornom engleskom. Najbolje ih je nauiti putem pesama, filmova,
zanimljivih pria. Jedan frazal moe da ima vie znaenja (call off:They called off the tennis match because of the rain;
They called off the wedding).

33. Phrasal verbs in the news


Hacking has been made because of a great pressure by editors. More and more information is needed every day
regardless of the consequences. Also, the text is full of phrasal verbs. The article is not long but it would be difficult to
comprehend it without the knowledge of phrasal verbs.

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