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Name: ________________Junior Comprehension-1

Date___________

Max the Dog


Sonia has a brown dog. Her dog's name is Tiger. Tiger likes to play with
the ball. Sonia throws the ball. Tiger brings it back. Tiger lays on the
bed. This makes Sonias mom angry. She wants Tiger to lay on the
floor.
One day Tiger got lost. Sonia looked all over for him. She walked up the
street and down the street. She yelled, Come home, Tiger! She found
Tiger! He was in the park. He was happy to see Sonia.
Answer the questions.
1. What does Tiger like to play with?
______________________________
2. Who does not like Tiger on the bed?
______________________________
3. Who got lost?
______________________________
4. Where was he?
______________________________
5. Underline the common noun and circle the proper line in the
following sentence:
a) Tiger likes to play with the ball.
b) Sonia has a brown dog.
6. Find the opposites of the following words from the passage:

a) happy

________________

b) front

________________

c) go

________________

d) catch

_________________

e) lost

________________

f) pleased _________________

g) up

_________________

h) under

________________

Name: ___________________
Fiction
Baby Brother
Cara has a new baby brother. His name is
Tommy. He was just born a week ago. Cara's dad
said, Mom will need lots of help.
Cara helps feed Tommy. Cara holds the food.
Mom holds the food and puts it in Tommy's mouth.
Tommy makes a mess.

When Tommy can't sleep, Cara sings him a


song. She sings the ABCs. Then Tommy goes to
sleep.
Today, Tommy cried. Cara knew what to do.
She gave Tommy a toy. Then he stopped crying.
Mom said, Cara, you are a great sister. Dad
said, You are a great helper too.
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Reading Comprehension Questions
Baby Brother
Answer the questions.
1. How old is Tommy?
______________________________
2. What does Cara do when Mom feeds Tommy?
______________________________
3. What song did Cara sing to Tommy?
______________________________
4. When Tommy cried, what did Cara do?
______________________________
On the back, draw a picture to go with this story.

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Name: ___________________
Fiction
Ben Goes Fishing
Ben and his dad went fishing. Ben
took his pole. His dad took some worms.
They got on a boat. The boat was in a
big lake. Ben's dad drove the boat. He
know where to find the fish. Ben liked the
boat ride.
Ben put a worm on the hook. He put
his pole in the water. He felt the pole
pull. Was it a fish? He reeled it in. He did
not get a fish. Ben got an old can.
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Reading Comprehension Questions
Ben Goes Fishing
Answer the questions.
1. What did Ben and his dad take with them?
______________________________

2. Who drove the boat?


______________________________
3. What did Ben put on his hook?
______________________________
4. What did Ben catch?
______________________________
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Name: ___________________
Fiction
Ken's Messy Room
Ken's room was a mess! There were
toy trucks on the floor. There were books
by the door. There were pants on the bed.
Ken's dad said, This room is a pig
pen! Clean it now! He was not happy.
Ken got to work.
He made his bed. He put his trucks in
the toy box. He put his books away. He
folded the pants and put them away.
Ken's Dad came back. You did a
great job, he said. Ken and his dad were

both happy.
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Reading Comprehension Questions
Ken's Messy Room
Answer the questions.
1. What was by the door?
______________________________
2. What did Ken's dad say when he saw
the mess?
______________________________
______________________________
3. Where did Ken put his trucks?
______________________________
4. What did Ken do to the pants?
______________________________
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Name: ___________________
Non-Fiction
Farms
There are many kinds of farms. Most

of the food you eat comes from farms.


Some farms have lots of cows. The
cows make milk that people drink. Big
trucks take the milk to stores.
Corn is one food that comes from
farms. Farmers plant the corn. They
water the corn so it grows tall. Then they
pick it and send it to stores.
Many farms have hens that lay eggs.
Farmers must feed the hens every day.
They also have to get the eggs every day.
Some eggs are brown and some are white.
What other foods come from farms?
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Reading Comprehension Questions
Farms
Answer the questions.
1. How does milk get to stores?
______________________________
2. What farm animal lays eggs?

______________________________
3. What colors can eggs be?
______________________________
4. If you were a farmer, what kind of farm
would you want to have?
______________________________
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Fiction
Tiger
Holly got a new kitten. It is black
with brown paws. She named him Tiger.
Holly's new kitten is so cute!
Holly feeds tiger every day after
school. She also plays with him. Holly
takes good care of her kitten.
Tiger jumped on the desk. He walked
on the papers. He bumped a cup. It fell
off the desk. Water spilled on the floor.
Then Tiger went on the bed. He sat on
the pillow for a long time. When Tiger

left, there was fur all over the pillow.


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Reading Comprehension Questions
Tiger
Answer the questions.
1. What color is Tiger?
______________________________
2. When does Holly feed Tiger?
______________________________
3. When Tiger went on the desk, what fell off?
______________________________
4. What did Tiger sit on?
______________________________
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Name:_______________________
Level 2: Reading Comprehension
It's Dinner Time
Its time to make dinner at Joey and Lucys
house. Lucys Mom is making dinner. She is
cooking chicken, rice, macaroni and cheese,

and salad for dinner.


Lucy helped make the macaroni and cheese.
Joey put tomatoes in the salad. Both Joey and
Lucy helped set the table.
When dinner was ready, Lucy called for Dad to
come to the dinner table to eat.
Dad, dinners ready, said Lucy. Come eat.
Lucy, Joey, Mom, and Dad all sat at the table to
eat dinner. Everyone finished all of their dinner
except Joey. Joey did not eat his salad because
he does not like salad.
You should eat your salad, says Mom. Its
healthy for you.
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Level 2: Reading Comprehension
It's Dinner Time
Answer the questions.
1. What did Mom cook for dinner?
2. Who helped make the macaroni and cheese?
3. Who put the tomatoes in the salad?
4. Who called Dad to dinner?

5. Why does Mom want Joey to eat his salad?


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Level 2: Reading Comprehension
The Birthday Party
Jennifer is having a birthday party. Her
birthday is March 14th. She is turning eight
years old.
Jennifer invited all her friends from school
to her birthday party. Nine friends from school
came to her party. Her Grandma and Grandpa
also came.
Jennifers Mom served chocolate cake and
vanilla ice cream. There was also pizza and
juice to drink.
The kids played games at the party. They
jumped on a trampoline and played Pin the Tail
on the Donkey.
There were a lot of balloons at the birthday
party. The girls tried to pop most of them.
Jennifer blew out the candles on her
birthday cake, then she opened her presents.

She got lots of dolls and toys from her friends.


Her grandparents got her a pretty new dress.
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Level 2: Reading Comprehension
The Birthday Party
Answer the questions.
1. How old will Jennifer be?
2. What kind of cake was at the party?
3. List three things the girls did together.
4. How many friends came to the party?
5. What did Jennifers grandparents get her?
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Level 2: Reading Comprehension
The Pet Store
Lucy, Joey, Mom and Dad went to the pet
store because Lucy and Joey wanted a pet.
There were lots of pets at the pet store. There
were rabbits, birds, fish, puppies, kittens, turtles,
lizards, snakes, and guinea pigs.

Mom was scared of the snakes. We are not


getting a snake, said Mom. Yuck. They are
scary.
Joey wanted to get a puppy. No, we are not
getting a puppy, said Dad. They cost too much
money.
Joey then decided he wanted a bird, but Lucy
decided she wanted a rabbit.
We are only getting 1 pet, said Mom. So
you need to agree on one pet or we wont get
one.
Finally Lucy and Joey agreed on getting a
kitten. They were small and cute.
Joey and Lucy picked out a black and white
kitten and decided to name her Bonnie.
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Level 2: Reading Comprehension
The Pet Store
Answer the questions.
1. Who was scared of snakes?

2. Why didnt Dad want to get a puppy?


3. What pet did Joey want to get?
4. What color is the kitten?
5. What did Lucy and Joey name the kitten?
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Level 2: Reading Comprehension
Jimmy's Treasure
One night Jimmy fell asleep and had a
dream about a treasure. In his dream, he saw
a big box of gold coins buried near the bushes
in his backyard. The dream seemed so real to
Jimmy. He began to think that maybe there
really was a treasure in his backyard, near the
bushes.
The next morning Jimmy woke up and
began to dig a hole. He kept digging. The hole
got deeper. The pile of dirt became higher.
Then Jimmy got tired. He could not dig
anymore. Then he saw something. It was a dog
bone. Jimmy was very sad because he did not

find a treasure. For all his hard work, he had


found only a dog bone.
But then, Jimmys mother came. She saw
what Jimmy had done. She wanted to plant a
rose bush in backyard. The hole Jimmy dug
was in the perfect place. She was very happy.
She gave him $5 for digging the hole. Jimmy
smiled. He did get a treasure after all.
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Level 2: Reading Comprehension
Jimmy's Treasure
Use complete sentences to answer the questions.
1. What kind of treasure did Jimmy think was
buried in the backyard, near the bushes?
____________________________________
____________________________________
2. What did Jimmy find in the dirt?
____________________________________
____________________________________
3. How did Jimmy's mother feel when she found

out that Jimmy dug a hole in the backyard?


Why did she feel this way?
____________________________________
____________________________________
4. What did Jimmy's mom give him at the end of the
story?
____________________________________
____________________________________
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Name:_______________________
Level 2: Reading Comprehension
The Twins
Sarah and Ruth are twins. They were born on
the same day and look alike. But Sarah and
Ruth are very different people.
Sarah is shy and quiet but Ruth is not shy and
she loves talking to people.
Sarahs favorite school class is math, but
Ruths favorite class is reading.
The twins each have a pet. Sarah has a cat
named Sally and Ruth has a pet bird named

Polly.
There are also more differences in the twins.
Sarahs favorite color is pink and Ruths
favorite color is blue.
Ruth likes to eat vegetables, but Sarah doesnt
like many vegetables. Also, Ruths favorite
drink is fruit juice while Sarahs favorite drink
is milk.
The twins look alike, but they are different on
the inside and they are still best friends. Sarah
and Ruth love each other very much.
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Level 2: Reading Comprehension
The Twins
Answer the questions.
1. Which twin is shy and quiet?
2. Whose favorite class is reading?
3. What is Sarahs pet cats name?
4. What kind of pet does Ruth have?
5. Which twins favorite color is blue?
________________________________________________

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Name: ____________________________
........................
Directions: Answer each question with a complete sentence.
1. Which continent do cheetahs live?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
2. Are cheetahs the fastest of all animals?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
3. How fast can cheetahs run?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
4. How far can a cheetah run at full speed?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
5. Where does the word cheetah come from?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________Name:_______
________________
Level 2: Reading Comprehension
Earning Money
Alex, Nicole, and Vickie are friends who live in

the same neighborhood. They wanted to earn


some money to buy Christmas presents.
We are just kids, said Alex. We cant earn
any money.
We have to try, said Vickie. We wont know
unless we try.
We need to print out fliers and pass them
around to all the houses, said Nicole.
Alexs Dad helped the kids print out fliers. The
three friends went to all the houses and gave
out the fliers offering to do many different
types of jobs.
Mrs. Jones hired the kids to shovel snow from
her driveway. Mrs. Smith hired the kids to walk
her dog every afternoon. Mr. New hired the
kids to do some chores. Then Mrs. Lee, who is
old, hired the kids to bring in her groceries.
The kids earned $50 and were happy. Now they
were going to buy Christmas presents.
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Level 2: Reading Comprehension


Earning Money
Answer the questions.
1. Why did the kids want to earn money?
2. Who helped the kids print out fliers?
3. Who hired the kids to shovel snow?
4. Who hired the kids to bring in her groceries?
5. How much money did the kids earn?
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........................
The Painted Desert
The Painted Desert, located in Arizona, covers 93,500
acres and stretches over 160 miles. It is called painted
because of it has colored rocks that look like they were
painted. This colorful desert has cliffs and hills. It also has
trees that turned to stone long ago. These trees are located
in a place called, the Petrified Forest.
Directions: Answer each question with a complete sentence.
1. Where is the Painted Desert located?
________________________________________________________
2. Why is it called painted?

________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
3. How many acres of land does it cover?
________________________________________________________
4. How many miles long is the Painted Desert?
________________________________________________________
5. Name two things you might see in the Painted Desert.
________________________________________________________
6. What happened to some of the trees here?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
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Teacher

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Level 3: Reading Comprehension
Surprise Party
Sam, Molly, and Mom decide to throw a surprise birthday
party for Dad. They are getting ready for it while he is at work.
They invite Uncle Mel, Aunt Carrie, Aunt Joanna, and their
cousins, Noah and Kayla. Sam calls them all on the phone and
says, Please arrive by 4:30. Dad will be home at 5 o'clock.
Mom puts a chocolate cake in the oven, then makes

snacks for everyone to eat. Sam is making his Dad a birthday


card. Molly runs to the store to buy balloons and birthday
candles.
We'd better make sure the house is clean before
everyone comes, says Mom. Molly vacuums the living room.
Sam dusts all of the furniture. Mom sweeps the kitchen, then
takes her cake out of the oven.
After the cake has cooled down, Molly puts frosting on it
and decorates it. Sam blows up balloons, puts streamers on
the ceiling, and hangs a sign on the wall that says, Happy
Birthday.
All of the guests arrive on time for the surprise party.
Molly and Sam play video games with their cousins until Dad
gets home.
When Dad pulls in the driveway, everyone hides in the
living room. When Dad walks in the house everyone jumps up
and yells, Surprise!
Wow!, says Dad. This is a real surprise! My birthday is
still two months away! Dad was surprised, but so was
everyone else in the family.
Even though the party was two months early, everyone

had a spectacular time.


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Level 3: Reading Comprehension
Surprise Party
Answer the questions in complete sentences.
1. Where is Dad while Molly, Sam, and Mom are getting ready for
the party?
2. Who put up the decorations?
3. What kind of cake did mom make?
5. Why did Molly go to the store?
6. How many guests came to the party?
7. What do Molly and Sam do while they are waiting for Dad to
come
home?
8. What mistake did the family make?
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........................
Mammoth Cave
Mammoth cave is located in Kentucky. It is the worlds
longest cave. Mammoth cave was formed in Mississippianage

limestone rock. The cave is 379 feet deep and has 5


levels of passages. The levels were formed from the
changes in the Green River. Currently, 350 miles of the
cave have been mapped, but because the cave is still active,
cave mappers believe it could get up to 560 miles long.
Directions: Answer each question with a complete sentence.
1. Where is Mammoth Cave located?
________________________________________________________
2. What is Mammoth Cave formed in?
________________________________________________________
3. How deep is Mammoth Cave?
________________________________________________________
4. How many levels of passages does the cave have?
________________________________________________________
5. What is the name of the river that still making the cave change?
________________________________________________________
6. How long do cave mappers believe Mammoth cave could get?
________________________________________________________
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Teacher

Worksheets

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Name: ____________________________
........................
Directions: Answer each question with a complete sentence.

Amazon River
The Amazon River is located in South America. It is
the second longest river in the world. The Nile River is the
longest. The Amazon River is 3980 miles long. Its basin
covers more than half of South America. In 1541 Spanish
explorer Francisco de Orellana gave the river its name and
was the first European to travel the entire length.
1. Where is the Amazon River located?
________________________________________________________
2. What is the name of the longest river in the world?
________________________________________________________
3. How long is the Amazon River?
________________________________________________________
4. Who was the first to travel the entire length of the river?
________________________________________________________
5. What year was the river named?
________________________________________________________
6. How much of South America does the basin cover?
________________________________________________________
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Teacher

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Name: ___________________________
Reading Comprehension

Winter
Winter is the best season of the year. During the winter
months, temperatures are usually colder and there are fewer hours
of daylight. The winter months in North America are November,
December, January, and February.
Cold winter temperatures are caused by the tilting of the Earth.
When Earth's Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun,
there
are fewer hours of daylight and the temperature is colder. When
the
Northern Hemisphere tilts towards the sun, there is more daylight
time and the temperatures are warmer. The tilting of the Earth as
it
spins causes the seasons to change.
Animals have special ways of preparing themselves for winter.
Some animals, like birds and butterflies travel long distances, or
migrate, to warmer temperatures during the winter months. Other
animals go to sleep, or hibernate, during the winter. Bears,
gophers,
snakes, and bats hibernate. Squirrels and raccoons don't migrate
or

hibernate. Instead, they gather extra food during the fall months
and store it away so they have plenty to eat during the winter.
In some areas, winter is a time when snow falls and gathers on
the ground. People who live in these places can enjoy special
winter
activities like skiing, sledding, or snowboarding. They can also
build
snowmen and snow castles. When the water in lakes and ponds
freeze, people can ice skate or play ice hockey. Some people even
cut a hole in the ice and go ice fishing!
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Reading Comprehension Questions
Winter
Answer the following questions in complete sentences.
1. What are the winter months in North America?
__________________________________________________
2. Is there more daylight time during the summer months or
winter
months?
__________________________________________________

3. What causes the seasons to change?


__________________________________________________
4. During the winter months, is the Norther Hemisphere tilted
towards the sun or away from the sun?
__________________________________________________
5. What does the word hibernate mean? List two animals that
hibernate.
__________________________________________________
6. What do squirrels and raccoons do to prepare for the winter?
__________________________________________________
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First Men on the Moon
In July of 1969, three brave American astronauts blasted
off in a rocket from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Their
names were Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins.
The name of the Mission was Apollo 11. The three astronauts
were headed into space, to a destination mankind had never
been - the moon.
A rocket called Saturn V blasted two smaller spacecraft
beyond the Earth's atmosphere. The first spacecraft was a lunar
module, which was named the Eagle. The Eagle would take two

of the three astronauts to the moon's surface and then blast off
of the moon to return the astronauts to space.
The second spacecraft was a command module, which
was named Columbia. It was a larger spacecraft that did not
land; it stayed in space and orbited the moon. Michael Collins'
job was to stay in Columbia throughout the mission. He would
be all alone in space while Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed
and explored the moon's surface. It was a lonely job, but an
important one. Collins had to take care of the command module,
which would return the astronauts to Earth.
On July 20th, the Eagle had landed safely on the moon's surface. Neil
Armstrong was the first
astronaut to exit the lunar module. There was a video camera on the
spacecraft that was filming the event
for everyone on Earth to see. When he set foot on the moon's surface,
he remarked, That's one small step
for man, one giant leap for mankind. He was the first human being to
ever set foot on another world.
Buzz Aldrin exited the Eagle next. The two men discovered that the
moon's surface was covered in a
powdery dust. The two astronauts found it easy to move around on the
moon, even in their bulky space

suits, because the moon's gravity was less than Earth's. Aldrin and
Armstrong placed an American flag on
the moon. Next, they set up equipment for scientific experiments. The
two men also collected rocks and
dust samples that would be brought back to Earth for scientific study.
They even got to talk to President
Nixon from the surface of the moon.
After two and a half hours on the moon's surface, the Eagle blasted off
from the moon's surface.
Since the Eagle was not built to return the astronauts to Earth, they
had to rejoin Michael Collins in the
Columbia command module that was orbiting the moon. When all
three astronauts were inside safely, they
headed back to Earth.
When they returned, the three astronauts received a hero's welcome.
There were celebrations and
parades

all

over

the

country.

President

Nixon

awarded

them

among

history's

most

Presidential Medals of Freedom. Their bravery


and

skills

have

earned

them

place

distinguished figures.
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Name: _________________________ Reading Comprehension Questions
First Men on the Moon

Answer the questions in complete sentences.


1. How many astronauts were in the Eagle spacecraft when it
landed on the
moon?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
2. Describe Michael Collins' job.
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
3. Was it easy or difficult for the men to move around on the
moon? Explain.
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
4. Name four things the astronauts did while on the moon's
surface.
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
5. Give one reason why being an astronaut would be a fulfilling
career. Also,
give one reason why being an astronaut might not be a good career
choice.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
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Name: __________________________ Level 5: Reading Comprehension
Folk Tale from India
The Hidden Treasure
Many years ago a very poor peasant bought a plot of
land. One day while he was ploughing it, he came upon an
iron box that was buried in the soil. When he opened it, he
was astonished to discover that it was filled with valuable
gemstones and coins made of silver and gold.
Since he owned the land where it found, he could have
kept the treasure for himself. But the peasant was a truly
honest man. He at once went to the person from whom he
had bought the land and showed him the treasure. What
is this? asked the previous owner of the plot. The
peasant told him the story of how the treasure was found.
But the previous owner refused to accept it, saying,
The treasure would have been mine if I had found it. I
think it must have been hidden in the plot by my
ancestors. As you have found it, it belongs to you.
Finally, the two men decided to divide the treasure

into two equal parts. The peasant and the previous owner
of the plot would each take half.
Those were the days when people were not greedy.
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Folk Tale from India
The Hidden Treasure
Answer the following questions in complete sentences.
1. What was the hidden treasure that the peasant found?
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
2. What did the peasant do right after he found the treasure?
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
3. Why didn't the previous owner of the land want to take the
treasure from the peasant?
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
4. What lesson does this story teach?
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
5. Do you think that people today are more greedy or less greedy

than the characters in this story? Explain your answer.


_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
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Name: __________________________
Folk Tale from India
The Hidden Treasure
Answer the following questions in complete sentences.
1. What was the hidden treasure that the peasant found?
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
2. What did the peasant do right after he found the treasure?
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
3. Why didn't the previous owner of the land want to take the
treasure from the peasant?
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
4. What lesson does this story teach?
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________

5. Do you think that people today are more greedy or less greedy
than the characters in this story? Explain your answer.
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
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Reading Comprehension/ Animals
Name __________________________ Date _______________________
_________________
2007 abcteach.com
BUTTERFLIES
The butterfly is an insect. Butterflies are noted for their wings, which
are often colorful and bright.
Butterfly wings are a bit like bird wings. Bird wings are made of
feathers, but butterfly wings are made of tiny overlapping scales.
The wings are colored in various patterns. Some butterfly wings
look iridescent (changing rainbow colors, depending on the light)
because of the way light hits the scales.
Butterflies have an interesting life cycle. They start as eggs. When
they are born, they are what we call caterpillars. This is the larval
stage for the caterpillar. The caterpillars then move into a cocoon,
becoming what we call a chrysalis. This is the pupal stage. When
the insect comes out of the cocoon, we call it a butterfly. This is the

adult stage for the butterfly. These clear stages of changing on the
way to adulthood are called metamorphosis. Many animals go
through metamorphosis, but the butterflys changes are more
dramatic than most.
Butterflies can be found almost all over the world. There may be as
many as twenty thousand different species of butterflies.
Butterflies usually eat flower nectar. Because of this, they are
important to the life cycle of many flowers. Butterflies also need
minerals, which they usually get from water found in dirt and sand.
They reach their adult stage in the summer. Some butterflies
migrate. The Monarch butterflies migrate about 3000 miles (4800
km) every year. They fly between Mexico and California.
Reading Comprehension/ Animals
Name __________________________ Date _______________________
_________________
2007 abcteach.com
ANSWER THE QUESTIONS ABOUT BUTTERFLIES
1. What kind of animal is a butterfly?
a. A bird
b. An insect
c. A spider
d. A mammal
2. Which of the following about butterfly wings is TRUE?

a. They are just like bird wings.


b. They are the colors of the rainbow.
c. They are made of scales.
d. All the wings are covered in the same pattern.
3. The butterfly life cycle is:
a. Egg, caterpillar, chrysalis, butterfly
b. Egg, insectal, pupal, adult
c. Larval, pupal, crystal, adult
d. None of the above.
4. Metamorphosis is
a. the process of growing up.
b. turning from one thing into another.
c. a major change.
d. the combination of all of the above.
5. Where can you find butterflies?
a. The butterfly habitat is anywhere it is warm.
b. You can find them in forests and tundra regions.
c. Butterflies are restricted to the Americas.
d. Butterflies can be found almost all over the world.
6. What do butterflies eat?
a. Dirt, sand, and nectar.
b. Nectar and minerals.
c. Flowers and other plants.

d. Other insects.

Reading Comprehension/ Animals


Name __________________________ Date _______________________
_________________
2007 abcteach.com
ANSWERS TO BUTTERFLIES
1. b
2. c*
3. a
4. d
5. d
6. b
*they are not like bird wings because they are made of scales rather
than feathers; they are not colored like rainbows- they reflect light as
rainbows do; they are covered in a variety of patterns.

Reading Comprehension/Animals
2005abcteach.com
Name: __________________________________ Date: ______________________
Poisonous Spiders!
Over 35,000 different species of spiders live almost everywhere in the
world.

The only places you cant find spiders are on the tops of mountains, in
the ocean and
at the poles.
Spiders are carnivorous. That means that they eat only meat. They eat
insects and sometimes other spiders. Some spiders eat other animals
such as small
fish, lizards, frogs, baby birds and mice. Most spiders use poison to kill
or paralyze
their prey. All spiders have poison, and to a small insect all spiders are
very
dangerous, but only a few spiders have poison strong enough to hurt
people.
Spiders that bite and cause pain to humans are called medically
significant spiders.
This means that they have enough venom (poison) to cause a serious
bite that will
need to be looked at by a doctor. Some of the poisonous spiders found
in North
America include the black widow, the brown recluse, the hobo spider,
and the yellow
sac spider.
There are about 6 different species of black widow spiders. Three of
these

species are found in the warm southern United States. Black widow
spiders build
webs, and they live wherever they can build one. They rarely live in
houses and
other buildings, but if the weather gets very cold, they can move inside.
Black widow
spiders eat insects, and stay in their webs to catch them. Only the
female black
widow spider is dangerous. She is considered to be the most venomous
spider in the
United States! Females are shiny black, with a red hourglass shaped
mark on the
bottom of their abdomens. Although they are dangerous, black widow
spiders are not
usually deadly because they only inject a very small amount of poison.
The brown recluse spider (often called a violin spider because of the
marking
on its back) lives mainly in the Midwestern United States. The brown
recluse spider
also spins webs, and can be found in dark, undisturbed areas. Unlike
the black
widow, the brown recluse leaves its web at night and goes in search of
insects to

eat. Both the male and female brown recluse spiders are poisonous.
The brown
recluse spider is also not usually deadly. In fact, fatal bites almost
never occur.
However, the bite of a brown recluse spider is very painful and takes a
long time to
heal because the poison damages the cells near the bite.
The hobo spider is not native to the United States. It was originally
introduced
from Europe, and now lives in the northwestern United States and into
southern
British Columbia in Canada. Like the black widow and the brown
recluse spiders, the
hobo spider also builds webs, but its webs are funnel webs and almost
never above
the ground. Female hobo spiders never leave their webs, and so the
male spiders
must search for them. Because of this, most bites from hobo spiders
come from
males. Hobo spider bites arent deadly, but they are painful.
The yellow sac spider is commonly found in homes and gardens
throughout

the United States. The sac spider also makes a type of web; it makes a
sac out of
silk. The spider sits in this sac when it is not out hunting. Sac spider
bites are the
least medically significant. This means that out of the black widow,
brown recluse,
hobo spider and sac spider, the sac spiders bite causes the least
amount of
damage.
Although these four spiders are poisonous to people, they dont attack
humans. Spiders are more scared of people that we are of them!
Spiders only
bite if they are trapped close to the skin, or cannot escape. If you do get
bitten
by a spider, clean the bite and then go to see a doctor.
Reading Comprehension/Animals
2005abcteach.com
Name: __________________________________ Date: ______________________
Answer the following questions about poisonous spiders.
1. Are all spiders poisonous?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
2. What does medically significant mean?

______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
3. What are four medically significant spiders that live in the United
States?
a) _________________________________
b) _________________________________
c) _________________________________
d) _________________________________
4. Which one of the four spiders is not native to North America? Where
does it
originally come from?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
5. Which of the poisonous spiders are you most likely to see? Why?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
6. Are bites from the black widow spider fatal (deadly)?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
7. When are you most likely to get bitten by the brown recluse spider?
(When is
the brown recluse spider active?)

______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
8. Which spider is the most poisonous spider in the United States?
Which of the
medically significant spiders is the least poisonous?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
9. Why do spiders bite people?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
10. If you get bitten by a spider, what should you do?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
Reading Comprehension/Animals
2005abcteach.com
Answers to poisonous spiders.
1. All spiders have poison, but not all spiders are dangerous to
humans.
2. Medically significant means that if a spider bites a person it will
result in a
serious bite that will need to be looked at by a doctor.
3. a) Black widow spider
b) Brown recluse spider

c) Hobo spider
d) Yellow sac spider
4. The hobo spider is not native to the United States. It originally came
from
Europe.
5. You are most likely to see the yellow sac spider as it is common in
homes and
gardens throughout the United States.
6. Bites from the black widow spider are rarely fatal because she
injects only a
little bit of poison.
7. You are most likely to get bitten by the brown recluse spider at night
when it is
out hunting.
8. The black widow spider is the most poisonous spider and the yellow
sac
spider is the least poisonous of the medically significant spiders.
9. Spiders bite people if they are trapped next to a persons skin, or
cannot
escape.
10. If you are bitten by a spider you should clean the bite and then go
to see a
doctor.

Reading Comprehension/History
2007 abcteach.com

TEDDY BEARS
There are many different kinds of stuffed animals. Possibly the most
popular stuffed animal is the stuffed toy bear nicknamed the teddy
bear. Have you ever wondered how these cute little bears got their
name? Its an interesting story!
In 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt was on a hunting trip in
Mississippi. One of the other hunters had chased a bear up a tree. He
told the President to shoot it. President Roosevelt, who was known as
a sportsman, refused to shoot the bear. He said it was
unsportsmanlike. A newspaper made a cartoon about President
Roosevelts refusal.
According to popular legend, a shopkeeper saw the cartoon, and

asked the Presidents permission to make stuffed bears called


Teddys bears. Teddy was a nickname for Theodore, and although
the President disliked the nickname, many people called him that.
Whether the President approved the bears named after him (or if he
was even asked) is not certain. What is certain is that teddy bears
have been a popular and beloved toy for at least a hundred years.
Teddy bears can be found in almost every toy store. They can also
be found in museums, in art shows, in collectors trade shows, and
many other places. They show no signs of leaving the hearts of
children (or collectors!) any time soon.

Reading Comprehension/ Science


2001-2008 abcteach.com
THE WATER CYCLE
Water covers most of our planet. It can be found in oceans, lakes, and
ponds, and in the ground itself. The cycle of water from liquid to vapor
to
solid is called the water cycle. The water cycle is an exciting and
continuous process, with no beginning or end. The water cycle is the
movement of water in the environment by evaporation, condensation,
and precipitation.

The warm sun causes liquid water to evaporate (to change from a liquid
into a gas or vapor) and rise up into the sky. The water vapors that are
formed cool during evaporation. These cooled water vapors form clouds
in
the sky. The transformation of the vapor into clouds (that is, from a gas
into a liquid) is condensation. Clouds can be a mass of water droplets
and/or ice particles. When the clouds get heavy enough, the water falls
back to the ground in the form of rain, snow, or hail. This is
precipitation.
Plants in our environment
contain water in a liquid
form. They release water
vapor into the atmosphere.

When

plants

do

this

it

is

called transpiration.
Transpiration is a kind of
evaporation.
Reading Comprehension/ Science
2001-2008 abcteach.com
ANSWER THE QUESTIONS ABOUT THE WATER CYCLE
1. What are the three forms of water listed in the article?
a. liquid, vapor, solid
b. frozen, vapor, solid
c. liquid, gas, hail
d. water, gas, solid
2. Which of the following is the best definition of evaporation?
a. It is the process of disappearing.
b. It is a magical process of turning into vapor.
c. It is the process of changing from liquid to vapor.
d. It is the process of moving from one place to another.
3. Which of the following is the best definition of condensation?
a. It is the process of moving things very close together.
b. It is the process of changing from vapor to liquid.
c. It is the process of changing from liquid to vapor.
d. It is the process of changing from vapor to solid.
4. Which of the following is the best example of precipitation?
a. rain

b. clouds
c. evaporation
d. ice
5. What causes evaporation?
a. The warm sun and photosynthesis.
b. Perspiration and precipitation.
c. Rain and snow.
d. The sun and transpiration.
6. What are clouds?
a. Masses of condensed water formed by cooled water vapors.
b. Masses of condensed vapors.
c. Masses of cotton balls.
d. Masses of evaporated water.
7. What causes precipitation?
a. Evaporation.
b. The weight of the clouds.
c. The hot sun.
d. Plant transpiration.
Reading Comprehension/ Science
2001-2008 abcteach.com
The water cycle is a story with no beginning and no end. Write a story
of the

water cycle. Start at the scene where the water is in a cloud. Where will
it fall?
What will happen next? Use your imagination you might even tell the
story
from the waters point of view! Try to use words like evaporation,
condensation,
and precipitation in your story.
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
Reading Comprehension/ Science
2001-2008 abcteach.com
ANSWERS TO THE WATER CYCLE
1. a
2. c
3. b
4. a
5. d
6. a
7. b
Name ___________________ Date ____________
Reading Comprehension
Cats
Cats are small, tame, furry mammals that are often
kept as pets and farm animals. There are over 30 different
kinds of pet cats. They have different body shapes and
sizes, coloring, fur length, eye color, tail length, voice, and
temperament. House cats do not like swimming. Cats like
to eat meat and will kill and eat small mammals, birds,

fish, frogs, lizards, and snakes. Cats started living with


people over 7,000 years ago and still live with us today.
abcteach.com 2001
1. Cats are kept as
a. food
b. pets
c. cars
2. Cats do not like
a. swimming
b. meat
c. people
3. How many kinds of
cats are there?
a. 100
b. 50
c. 30
4. Cats like to eat
a. clouds
b. wood
c. meat

Rainbows

By Sandy Kemsley
Have you seen a rainbow? Rainbows are so
pretty. Do you know why we see rainbows?
Rainbows are seen after it rains and the sun is out.
They are in the form of an arch. The light from the sun
shines through the raindrops. Then, the light shines
into our eyes. We see all the colors of the rainbow.
The main colors are red, orange, yellow, green, blue,
indigo, and violet. The raindrops dry. The rainbow
disappears. Everyone likes rainbows.
ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:
1. We can see a rainbow ________.
a. after it snows b. after it rains
c. when it is dark d. none of these
2. We see all _______ of the rainbow.
a. light b. sun
c. colors d. dry
3. A rainbow is in the form of an ______.
a. square b. triangle
c. colors c. arch
abcteach2001

Comprehension/Fire Safety
2008 abcteach.com
FIRE!
Every year thousands of people die in fires. They die from
being burned, and they die from breathing in smoke. More
people die in the United States from fires than from any
other natural disaster. Most of those fires are home fires
fires that are started inside the home. Most home fires are
caused by cigarettes. Many other home fires start in the
kitchen.
It is possible to prevent almost all home fires from being
deadly, just by following a few simple rules.
1. Nobody should smoke in the
house; or, if they do, they should
be absolutely certain that every
cigarette and all the ashes are
extinguished (put out).
2. Food that is cooking should be
carefully watched. Food should
never be left cooking on the
stove top.
3. Every home should have smoke
alarms and fire extinguishers or

automatic sprinklers.
4. Everybody in the home should
know basic fire safety.
Comprehension/Fire Safety
2008 abcteach.com
Name __________________________ Date ____________
ANSWER THE QUESTIONS ABOUT FIRE!
1. According to the article, most fires are
a. started in homes.
b. started in the woods.
c. started in the kitchen.
d. sarted with smoke.
2. People die in fires because
a. they shouldnt smoke.
b. they dont watch their food.
c. they are burned or they breathe in smoke.
d. they dont call the fire department.
3. Most fires can be prevented by
a. not cooking and having a fire extinguisher.
b. sprinkling fires with glitter.
c. not smoking and paying attention when cooking.
d. having a fire extinguisher.
Do you know what to do if there is a fire in your home? Write

about your fire safety plan:


________________________________________________
________________________________________________
________________________________________________
________________________________________________
________________________________________________
________________________________________________

BOOKS ARE GREAT!


The best thing about going to school is learning to
read. Books are great friends. They can help you to learn
about anything you want to know. They can go anywhere
with you. You can read about animals, far away places,
people, and anything else.
Books are written by people called authors. Authors
think of things they want to write about. They make a
plan for a book and start to write. Sometimes authors
like to write fun books that make us laugh. Some
authors write books that give us information and teach us
things. Authors are very important people because they
help us learn.
Find a good book to read and read every day. You

will enjoy spending time with a good book.


ANSWER THE FOLLOWING:
1. What can you read about in books?
a. animals b. people
c. anything d. all of these
2. What is the best part about going to school?
a. recess b. lunch
c. learning to read d. seeing friends
abcteach.com
page 2
3. What are authors?
a. people who drive cars
b. people who live in big houses
c. people who write books
d. people who have animals
4. What do authors do before they write a book?
a. think about what they want to write about
b. eat lunch
c. make a plan for the book
d. both a and c
5. Authors are important people because _____.
a. they sing great songs
b. they help us learn

c. they take time to play


d. they have animals
6. What should you do every day with a book?
a. color
b. draw
c. read
d. write letters
abcteach.com

Language Arts/Reading/Vocabulary
A SWEET ADVENTURE
_________________
2007 abceach.com
It was a rainy gray Saturday morning. I was bored. All of my friends
were
out of town, and I had nothing to do. My two little sisters, Allison and
Brooke, were playing in the next room. I decided to see what they were
doing. I walked into the room that they shared, and saw the bags of
candy
they had brought home from the party the night before. Our mother
had
said they shouldnt eat too much candy, so I stooped down to pick the

bags up and put them away. As soon as my hand touched them,


Whoosh!
I was whizzing down a red licorice slide. I was moving so quickly that
everything was a giant blur. Plop! I landed on what appeared to be a
deserted beach. I put my hand down to help myself up. I marveled at
the
strange feel of the sand. I sifted the sand through my fingers, trying to
decide how it was different than regular sand. It felt more like
powdered
sugar than sand. Wait a minute, I thought. I tentatively placed a finger
in
my mouth. It WAS powdered sugar. I licked my fingers clean, and stood
up
to go and explore. I certainly wasnt bored anymore!
I walked towards the shimmering water. I noticed many seashells
along
the waters edge. I had a huge collection of shells at home from our last
excursion to the beach, and I quickly decided to bring home a few
shells
from this unique beach. The shells were very colorful. Some were
partially
covered with the powdered sugar sand. I bowed down to pick one up. It

was stickier than I expected. I hesitated for a moment, but then my


curiosity
overcame me. I had to find out if the shell was as tasty as the sand in
which
it was covered! I nibbled at the edge of the shell. It was even better
than
the sand! The taste of chocolate was so wonderful that I shoved the
whole
shell into my mouth. I suddenly realized that I was ravenous. I quickly
bent
down and shoveled shells into my mouth until I wasnt quite so
hungry.
Then I slowed down and began to savor the tastes. The shells were
many
different flavors. I definitely tasted vanilla, chocolate, caramel, and
even
strawberry.
Language Arts/Reading/Vocabulary
A SWEET ADVENTURE
_________________
2007 abceach.com
continued

After a while, I realized that I was parched. I hadnt had anything to


drink
since my orange juice that morning. I looked longingly towards the
ocean. I
knew that drinking salty water would only make me thirstier. Then a
wonderful thought occurred to me! If the sand was sugar, and the
shells
were candy, then perhaps the water wasnt salty.
I walked to the waters edge. I bent down and cupped my hands
together. I
submerged my hands into the light blue liquid. I slowly brought my
hands
towards my mouth and took a little sip. It was definitely not salty! In
factit
tasted just like blueberry juice. I drank several gulps, and then I sat
back
down again in the sugar to think about my strange day.
I was beginning to wonder how I had arrived in this bizarre place. It
certainly was unusual. The last thing that I remembered doing at home
was
picking up the bags of candy. That was it! It suddenly made sense. I
had
somehow been transported via the bags to a land made of candy.

It occurred to me that I was going to have to figure out how to get


home. I
knew that I would eventually miss my family, and even get hungry for
some
nourishment other than candy. I stood up and began walking. I
remembered sliding down a licorice slide. I saw a playground in the
distance. I began rapidly running toward the red slide.
I immediately tried to climb back up the slide to see if it would take me
home. The only place it took me was to the top of the slide. I slid back
down the slide and began looking in earnest for some way to get home.
I
looked up and down the beach for signs, but I didnt see any. I sat
down
disconsolately on a taffy towel that I found in the sand, and began to
cry.
My tears landed on the sand, and Swoooooosh!
I felt the world start to swirl, and I fell through the hole that my tears
had
created.
Suddenly, I found myself lying on my sister Allisons bed. I felt as if I
had
just woken up after a long sleep. I looked around. What a realistic
dream, I

thought. It was almost as if it had really happened. I got out of bed and
looked down. There was a pile of sugar on top of the sheets.
Language Arts/Reading/Vocabulary
A SWEET ADVENTURE
_________________
2007 abceach.com
REVIEW QUESTIONS
Name ___________________________ Date ___________________
Answer these questions in complete sentences.
1. Do you think the person in this story really went to a land made out
of
candy? Why or why not?
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
2. How do you think the person in the story felt in this magical land?
Explain your answer.
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

3. What did the shells taste like? Did the person in the story like the
shells?
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
4. What do you think would happen if a real beach were made out of
these
things?
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
5. Use your imagination. This story has sugar for sand, blueberry juice
for
water, candy for shells, and taffy for towels. What tasty treats could
have
been:
Fish: ___________________________________
Rafts: __________________________________
Surfboards: _____________________________
Beach umbrellas: __________________________
Language Arts/Reading/Vocabulary
A SWEET ADVENTURE
_________________

2007 abceach.com
PARTS OF SPEECH
Name ___________________________ Date ___________________
Write the part of speech (verb, noun, adverb, or adjective) for the
underlined words.
1. ___________ I stooped down to pick it up.
2. ___________ I tentatively placed a finger in my mouth.
3. ___________ I landed on a deserted beach.
4. ___________ I had a huge collection of shells at home from our last
excursion to the beach.
5. ___________ Some were partially covered with the sand.
6. ___________ Then I slowed down and began to savor the tastes.
7. ___________ I wondered how I had arrived in this bizarre place.
8. ___________ I submerged my hands into the light blue liquid.
9. ___________ I was getting hungry for some nourishment.
10. ___________ I sat down disconsolately on a taffy towel.
11. ___________ . I began rapidly running toward the red slide.
12. ___________ I suddenly realized that I was ravenous.
13. ___________ I bowed down to pick one up.
14. ___________ I fell through the hole that my tears had
created.
Language Arts/Reading/Vocabulary

A SWEET ADVENTURE
_________________
2007 abceach.com
SYNONYMS
Name ___________________________ Date ___________________
Circle the letter next to the word that is the best synonym for
each
vocabulary word as it is used in the story.
1. stooped
a. bent
b. fell
c. picked
d. stopped
2. deserted
a. delicious
b. abandoned
c. full
d. quiet
3. ravenous
a. messy
b. starving
c. full
d. quick

4. savor
a. save
b. enjoy
c. hate
d. laugh
5. rapidly
a. quickly
b. racing
c. skipping
d. slowly
6. created
a. creature
b. finished
c. crater
d. made
Language Arts/Reading/Vocabulary
A SWEET ADVENTURE
_________________
2007 abceach.com
GUIDE WORDS
Name ___________________________ Date ___________________
Circle the guide words that you would use to find the correct page
in

the dictionary for these vocabulary words.


1. Bizarre
a. blind-block
b. biopsy-bison
c. bit-blab
d. bizonal-black
2. Nourishment
a. nonsense- northeast
b. nothing-novel
c. nuance-nucleus
d. nose-nothing
3. Marveled
a. marry-martial
b. miss-mitten
c. maple-march
d. martyr-mask
4. Shimmering
a. shine-ship
b. sheet-shin
c. slip-slope
d. shock-shrivel
5. Deserted
a. desegregate-desk

b. despise-destructive
c. day-dead
d. dessert-determine
Language Arts/Reading/Vocabulary
A SWEET ADVENTURE
_________________
2007 abceach.com
ANSWER SHEET
Questions
1. Opinion-should include reason why they believe what they say.
2. Opinion-with valid reason
3. Chocolate, caramel, strawberry, and vanilla. Yes, the narrator liked
the shells (It was even better than the sand. The taste of chocolate
was so wonderful that I shoved the whole shell into my mouth)
4. Answer could include that the sugar-sand would dissolve. It could
also include any creative answer.
5. Answers will vary
Parts of Speech
1. verb
2. adverb
3. adjective
4. noun
5. adverb

6. verb
7. adjective
8. verb
9. noun
10. adverb
11. adverb
12. adjective
13. verb
14. verb
Synonyms
1. a
2. b
3. b
4. b
5. a
6. d
Guide Words
1. c
2. b
3. d
4. b
5. a

Reading Comprehension/Human Body


Name

____________________________________________

Date

_______________
2005abcteach.com
The Human Eye
You use your five senses to understand the world around you and to
figure out whats
going on. One of your five senses is sight, and it is with your eyes that
you see the
world. Eyes are constantly working, from the time you wake up in the
morning to the
time you go to sleep. Lets take a closer look at the human eye!
The eye is about 2.5 cm in length, weighs about seven grams and is
shaped roughly
like a ball. It sits in a special place in your skull called the eye socket.
When you look in
the mirror you can see several parts of your eye. The white part is
called the sclera. The
sclera is very tough and covers most of your eye. If you look very
carefully you can see
little red threads, which are tiny blood vessels bringing oxygen to the
sclera. If you rub

your eyes a lot, some of the tiny vessels break, and that is why your eye
sometimes
looks a little pink. The sclera covers the colored part of your eye as
well, but here it is
clear, and has a different name: the cornea. The cornea is very
important because it lets
light come into your eye. It also helps the eye to focus as light passes
through. The
colored part of your eye is called the iris. In the middle of your iris is
the black pupil.
Light first travels through the cornea, and then into the pupil. There
are tiny muscles
attached to the iris that help control the amount of light that can get
through. In very
bright light, the pupil will get smaller, and when it is darker, the pupil
will get bigger, just
like a camera lens. Between the iris and the cornea is the anterior
chamber. Anterior
means front. The anterior chamber is filled with a clear liquid called
the aqueous
humor. The aqueous humor provides oxygen, proteins and glucose
(sugar) to the eye.

After light passes through the pupil, it passes through the lens. The
lens is roughly the
shape of a squished ball, and it is completely clear. The lenss job is to
focus the stream
of light coming through the pupil onto the back of your eye, which is
called the retina.
The lens is attached to a muscle called the ciliary muscle. This muscle
causes the lens
to actually change shape as you focus on things! When you look at
something very
close to you, the lens gets thicker, and when you look at something far
away, the lens
gets thinner!
Between the lens and the retina is a gel-like clear material called the
vitreous humor.
The vitreous humor is important because it gives the eye its shape.
VITREOUS HUMOR
SCLERA
OPTIC NERVE
LENS
CORNEA
AQEOUS HUMOR
IRIS

RETINA
Reading Comprehension/Human Body
Name

____________________________________________

Date

_______________
2005abcteach.com
The Human Eye, continued
The back of the eye is like a movie screen for the images you see. The
retina is made
up of very specialized cells called rods and cones. There are about 120
million rods and
about 7 million cones in each eye! Rods cannot sense things in color,
but they can see
black and white and different shades of gray. After the sun has set,
when you can no
longer see anything in color, the rods are working very hard. Rods also
allow you to see
the shape of different objects. There are three different types of cones
that work in
bright light: red, blue, and green. Together, these cones process the
light waves that
come into the eye and let you see the many different colors you do. The
rods and cones

send all the information they gather through the optic nerve at the
back of the eye. The
brain then uses the nerve signals to put together a picture of the
outside world. The
place in the retina where the optic nerve exits is called the blind spot.
This is because
there are no rods or cones in this area, and if an image is projected
onto this part of the
retina, you cannot see it.
The eye also has a couple of ways to protect itself. The biggest
protection for the eye is
the eyelid. The eyelid helps to keep the eye clean and moist. Opening
and closing the
eyelid is called blinking, and you can do it when you want to and
without even thinking
about it. This means that blinking is both a voluntary (it sounds like
the word volunteer)
and involuntary action. Your eyelids will shut automatically to stop
things from getting
into your eye. Dont forget your eyelashes! They form a team with your
eyelids to keep
dirt and dust out of your eye. But what happens when a piece of dust
does get in your

eye? Thats when tears come in to play. Tears come from glands called
lacrimal glands
which are located just above the outer corner of your eyes. Every time
you blink a small
amount of tears is released into your eye to keep it moist. Tears also
help to wash away
bacteria and dust from the surface of your eye. Tears drain out of your
eye by entering
the lacrimal duct or tear duct.
Some people wear glasses; do you know why? Sometimes people have
trouble seeing
and glasses help them. When you have your eyes tested, the doctor
asks you to read
letters from different lines of an eye chart. If you have normal vision,
you have 20/20
vision. This means that you can read line twenty at twenty feet away. If
your vision is
20/200, this means that you can read the same letter at 20 feet that a
normal eye can
read at 200 feet! A person with 20/200 eyesight is legally blind in the
United States.
There are many other degrees of vision between 20/20 and 20/200,
and some people

even have better than 20/20 vision. People wear glasses for different
reasons. Some
people cannot see things very far away, and they are called nearsighted
(myopic). In
these people, the image is focused in front of the retina. Some people
have trouble
seeing things that are close, and these people are called far-sighted
(hyperopia). In these people the image is focused behind the retina.
Glasses help to bend the light enough so that the image is always
focused on the retina.
Your eyes do a very important job. They help you see the colors and
shapes of things around you. The eyes you have now will be with you
forever, so make sure you take good care of them!
Reading Comprehension/Human Body
Name

____________________________________________

_______________
2005abcteach.com
Answer the questions about eyes.
1. Label the different parts of the eye.
2. What parts of the eye does light travel through?
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
3. What is between the cornea and iris?

Date

________________________________________________________________
4. What is the lenss job?
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
5. What are rods and cones, and what do they do?
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
6. What is the blind spot?
________________________________________________________________
7. How does the eye protect itself?
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
8. What does it mean if somebody is nearsighted?
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
Reading Comprehension/Human Body
Name

____________________________________________

_______________
2005abcteach.com
Answers to The Human Eye:
1.

Date

2. Light travels through the cornea, aqueous humor, pupil, lens and
vitreous humor.
3. The aqueous humor is between the cornea and the iris.
4. The lenss job is to bend light and focus the image onto the retina.
5. Rods and cones are two different types of cells found in the retina.
Rods can see
black and white and different shades of gray, but they cant see color.
When you see
things at night, your rods are the cells that are working. Cones sense
colors. There are
three different types of cones: red, blue and green cones. They work
together to sense
all the colors.
6. The blind spot is the part of the retina where the optic nerve exits.
Any image that
falls on the blind spot cannot be seen.
7. The eye protects itself using eyelids, eyelashes and tears. Eyelids
blink to help keep
things out of the eye and also to keep the eye moist. With each blink a
small amount of
tears is released onto the eye to wash away dust and bacteria.
8. If somebody is nearsighted it means that they have trouble seeing
things far away.

The image in their eye is focused in front of the retina.


VITREOUS HUMOR
SCLERA
OPTC NERVE
LENS
CORNEA
AQEOUS HUMOR
IRIS
RETINA

abcteach.com 2002
It Is the Earth!
We live on the Earth. The Earth is very big. The Earth is a
sphere, the same shape as a ball. The Earth spins every day. The
Earth has land, where people and some animals live. It has oceans,
where fish and whales live.
A globe is a model of the Earth. It looks like the Earth. A
globe is also a sphere. The Earth and a globe are the same shape.
We use a globe to learn about the Earth. A globe has pictures of
land and water on it, so we can understand where those things are
on the Earth. The Earth spins around and travels around the sun.
We can make the globe spin, too. It is fun to learn about the Earth

with a globe.
The Earth is _________.
1. a globe 2. where we live
3. a ball 4. a model
A globe helps us_________.
1. spin around 2. read
3. learn about the Earth 4. learn about the sun
Match the word with the picture
globe
Earth

I WANT TO BE A FIREFIGHTER
By Linda Owens
I want to be a firefighter when I grow up. They
are nice people. They help to put out fires. They help to
keep us safe. Firefighters drive big red trucks. I like
their red hats and yellow clothes. The trucks make a loud
noise when they go by. Do you want to be a firefighter?
ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:
1. What do firefighters do?
a. drive white trucks b. wear green hats
c. put out fires d. watch movies
2. What do firefighters drive?

a. a big yellow bus b. a big red truck


c. a blue bike d. a purple car
3. Firefighters help to keep us ______.
a. happy b sleepy
c. safe d. play
4. The trucks are _______.
a. green b. loud
c. quiet d. ugly
LindaOwens2001