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Cory Kim

AP Literature
Book 3
Diction: N/A

Very short chapter...

Syntax: Sometimes I tell her: Mommy


Mommy. I just say that. Father isnt listening
so I can say it. Her real name is Mother and
Misrus Price but her secret name to me is
Mommy Mommy. (215)

Ruths more basic syntactical structure


creates a childish voice, as she talks about
reasoning for a nickname in steps.

Detail: But I was sad and wanted Leah to


come back because shell pick me up and
carry me piggyback sometimes, when shes
not hollowing at me for being a pest. (215)

To show that she misses Leah greatly, Ruth


uses detail to create a sad voice, stating that
she wants Leah back, even her meaner
parts.

Tone: N/A

Very short chapter...

Imagery: N/A

Very short chapter...

Figurative Language: N/A

Very short chapter...

In this section, Ruth uses detail to describe her dreams and her close relationship to her mother,
creating a depressed voice, which shows her sadness towards Leahs departure.
Diction: He put his hand over my mouth,
stooping down and nobody else there.
Nobody else. Shhh, he said and put his
hand. (238)

Ruths word choice emphasizes her scared


voice, as she highlights that she is alone with
nobody else around to help.

Syntax: But Nelson knows everything about


dead people. His mama and father and
brothers and baby sister are all dead on the
bottom of the river. (239)

With a naive and at the same time morbid


voice, Ruth uses syntax by surprising the
reader with morbid reasoning behind
Nelsons knowledge about dead people.

Detail: Did he have to go on the roof of the


hospital without any clothes? I never can stop
thinking about the doctor with no clothes on.
(237)

An intrigued voice is expressed by Ruth as


she mentions her inability to forget about the
naked doctor.

Tone: In our family, Mama comes last. Adah


is next to last because her one whole side is
bad, and then comes Mama last of all,
because something in her is even worse hurt
than what Adahs got. (238)

Ruth, using a degrading tone towards Adah


by implying how her disability makes her
next-to-last, creates a passively derogatory
voice towards Adah.

Imagery: What is it? I said, but not any


words came out of my mouth. I looked inside
my two hands, where he put it, and there was
a tiny box like what matches come in. A
matchbox. The matchbox had a picture of a
lion on the outside and I thought there would
be a tiny little lion inside to be my pet, (238)

Ruths ability to depict the matchboxs


appearance indicates her fascinated and
inspired voice.

Figurative Language: Night and day and


night and day. Jesus is looking right in the
windows no matter what. He can see through
the roof. He can see inside our heads, where
we think the bad things, (237)

Using metaphors, Ruth shows her paranoid


voice towards the thought of Jesus being
able to see through everyone.

Throughout the section, Ruth utilizes a more morbid voice, as she begins to ponder the idea of
being able to disappear at any moment with Nelsons gift.

Diction: He told Father Rachel would have to


have the circus mission where they cut her so
she wouldnt want to run around with peoples
husbands. (271)

Ruths confused voice is portrayed by the


word circus mission, which she most likely
misheard from the word circumcision.

Syntax: When I wake up I dont have them


anymore and Im sad. So I dont wake up if I
dont have to. (271)

Using more basic syntax as expected from


someone so young, Ruth creates a
depressing voice with her blunt reasoning
behind not waking up.

Detail: Mama found the pills I stuck on the


wall. They came out of my mouth. I couldnt
help it. They tasted too bad and they stick on
the wall better after they go in your mouth.
(272)

Ruths unworried voice is expressed through


her detailed explanation of why she sticks her
pills on the walls.

Tone: When we went up there the first time I


saw those little dirty diamonds in a sack in
the back of the airplane. (272)

Ruth expresses a regretful voice by using a


negative tone towards the dirty diamonds
she accidently saw.

Imagery: They wont come out in the bright


and it hurts my eyes too. Mama puts the cold
wet rag all over and then my eyes feel better,
but she doesnt look right. Shes all big, and
everybody is. (271)

A conservatively relieved voice is expressed


by Ruth as she creates an image of putting a
cold rag over her eyes.

Figurative Language: She doesnt like either


one of them but they still have to come
because Tata Undo is the chief of everything,

With a humorous hyperbole, Ruth creates a


comical voice behind her basic reasoning
behind why her mother doesnt like Tata

and Mr. Axelroot is a bargain (272)

Undo as a choice for Leah.

Ruth primarily uses a regretful voice throughout the section, as she reflects on possible reasons
behind her sickness. But then she accepts her situation and settles for becoming a mamba.
Diction: N/A

Very short chapter...

Syntax: That time Leah fed one to the ant


lion, Jesus saw that. Now his friends are all
coming back to eat us up. (303)

Somehow Ruth is able to still use a childishly


humorous voice, while being carried away
from ants, by emphasizing Jesus saw Leahs
ant-murder.

Detail: It was somebody Congolese and not


even Mama anymore, so I cried too. Who will
buy me a looking glass that gets broke and a
mockingbird that wont sing? (303)

Ruth expresses an irrationally upset voice by


describing how she was crying merely
because the man was not her mother.

Tone: N/A

Very short chapter...

Imagery: N/A

Very short chapter...

Figurative Language: But when Mama ran


down the road with me I saw everybody was
going to die. The whole world a-crying and
yelling bad. So much noise. I put my fingers
in my ears and tried to think of the safest
place. (304)

Ruth creates a shocked and scared voice by


using figurative language to depict the
chaotic scenery caused by the ants.

Ruth uses a disconnected voice to show her acceptance of the bad things that happen on this
island, primarily by reminding herself of the possible alternative of disappearing and becoming a
mamba if she were to die to the ants.

Book 3 Summaries
Orleanna
She talks about how she was naive when she chose to marry the Reverend, whom she met
before adulthood. Right after their marriage, the Reverend was sent to war during the second
World War. He came back as a different man; a man of God.
Leah
Without much money, Leah and her family have a hard time finding food since her fathers
empty-handed return. However, some of the locals felt bad sold them food. Later, Nelson and
Leah have a conversation, and Nelson concludes that Ruth and her mother are under a curse,
keeping them in bed.
Adah
Nelson gives Adah lessons on speaking the indigenous language. During their session, Adah
finds that Nelson doesnt know what twins are, and then Nelson begins to question Adah
regarding her mothers decision not to get rid of Adah. Through Nelsons explanation of local
religions, Adah finds their treatment of twins odd. At the end, Adah makes the connection that
the word for baptism in Congolese also means terrify, which is funny because that is what the
Reverend does.
Adah
She comments on how her father doesnt seem to care about the state of Ruth and her mother,
where he would rather continue his religious mission. The sisters decide to look for food.
During their search, Rachel attempts to lead but gets completely shut down by Adah and Leah.
Leah
In an attempt to entertain Ruth, as shes been in a depressed state for a while now, Leah feeds
an ant to an ant lion. But it backfires as Ruth just chews her out for it. As Leah braided Ruths
hair, she has a conversation with one of the locals, Anatole.
Leah
While Ruth remains in bed, her mother finally leaves her dormant state. A cooking failure
happens and the recently-awoken mother helps Rachel cook. Leah then contemplates how
guilty she is for Adahs physical state. She also begins to question the Reverends actions and
motives.
Rachel
Tata Bidibidi visits their house in the Congo. But during his visit, the Reverend also comes
home, and sparks an argument on their own interpretations of the bible. Despite the negative
atmosphere, at least Tata Bidibidi brought some medicine, books, and coffee for the family as
gifts
Adah

To everyones surprise, Ruth went from slowly recovering to an even worse state than she was
before. She is clearly sick with something really bad. Nelson then expresses his wish to marry
Rachel to Orleanna. But he screws that up by telling her that he wants to marry Rachel for her
skin color, which makes her mother upset.
Leah
Rachel finds out about Tata Ndus wish to marry her, and she freaks out. The family also finds
themselves in a predicament, as they dont want Rachel to marry, but they also dont want to
offend the Congolese. The source of Ruths sickness is revealed to be Malaria, as exactly 61 of
the pills, matching the number of weeks they had been in the Congo, were found stuck to the
wall behind Ruths bed.
Rachel
In an attempt to back out of Tata Ndus marriage proposal, the Reverend arranges a plan where
it turns out Mr. Axelroot and Rachel were already engaged. Mr. Axelroot and Rachel have a
short conversation, where he claims to be a CIA Deputy Chief, but Rachel remains skeptical.
Rachel
It is Rachels seventeenth birthday, and she walks around trying to get attention. Finally her
mother notices and gives her jewelry. While appreciative, Rachel remained upset as that same
day was very eventful, drawing attention away from her birthday.
Adah
In the beginning, Adah points out how her father is unintentionally preaching that Jesus is a
poisonwood tree, resulting in an unintended negative message. Nelson believes Ruth is sick
because of the owl they kept for a few days, which, according to Nelson, came back to consume
her soul. Later Adah ponders the idea that since her sister Leah has been using a bow and
arrow from Anatole, she is becoming less feminine, therefore, more abnormal than Adah
herself.
Leah
She is dying to ask Anatole one burning question: does she hate him because shes white?
She instead asks why some people hate her, but Anatole tells her its because of a variety of
reasons, starting from that shes a girl teaching men. Most of all they believe that Leah, being
from America, is a representative of a nation of greed. Later she tells him about how the world
is round, and then offers to teach geography. But unfortunately, the locals wouldnt believe.
Rachel
She and Axelroot take a stroll to maintain appearances. During their walk, Axelroot offers
cigarettes, and he lights hers in his mouth and gives it to her. To Rachel, this was almost like a
kiss, and she found herself unsure if she enjoyed it or was creeped out by it. But later, he does
kiss Rachel, and she, being careless at the time, enjoyed it. Afterwards, he hints at a troubling
thought: the assassination of Patrice Lumumba.

Adah
While she is spying on Axelroot, she realizes hes been talking with a man named W.I. Rogue,
who she hasnt figured who he is yet. Then she hears very troubling news that shocks her
completely: the president wants Patrice Lumumba dead.
Leah
Being awoken and taken by Nelson, Leah finds herself in a disastrous setting, where ants have
swarmed the village. Then she is consumed by the troubling and guilty thought that she had,
again, left Adah behind. She tells Nelson that she cannot find Adah or Ruth, and he goes back
to find them.
Rachel
With ants swarming everywhere, Rachel decides she needs to think of what essentials to save.
Not her cloths, and not her bible, but her mirror. She rips it out of the frame and runs. She
frantically tries to find a boat, and nobody lets her in. Recognizing her neighbors, she tries to
get in their boat, but they throw her back, and she falls in the mud and her mirror breaks.
Adah
She sees evil in her mother. Adah, slowly, attempts to limp away from the ants. But she is too
slow. Her mother is carrying Ruth, and sees Adah struggling. Adah speaks for the first time,
pleading for help. Her mother realizes she cant save both, and runs away with Ruth. She is
trampled by people and bitten by ants on the ground. Luckily she is saved by Anatole, who
takes her to the river. From that point on, she sees evil in her mother.
Leah
To her relief, Leah finds out that her family is okay. She talks with Anatole, reasoning that God
let this happen. But Anatole says that this was not the work of God, and that anything that
happens has a more tangible and logical reason. Then he tells her that people cant expect
God to protect them from bad things. She gets emotional and tells Anatole she loves him, but
he reacts to it by telling her to never say that again.