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IELTS, EP, CCT Reg


IELTS, EP, CCT Unli

Grammar
- The manner in which words may be put together to form a sentence.
Any word, depending on how it is used in a sentence may be classified as one of the eight
parts of speech.
Eight Parts of Speech
PART OF SPEECH
DEFINITION
NOUNS
Name persons, places, things, ideas,
or qualities.
Types of Noun
1. Common
Noun
2. Proper Noun

3. Concrete
Noun

4. Abstract
Noun
5. Collective
Nouns
6. Compound
Nouns

PRONOUNS
VERBS
ADJECTIVES

EXAMPLES
Capote, woman, Mississippi
River, seashell, hardship,
courage

A common noun is the word used for


a class of person, place or thing.
A proper noun is the name of a
person, place or thing (i.e., its own
name). A proper noun always starts
with a capital letter.
A concrete noun represents
something that can be seen,
touched, tasted, heard, or smelt. In
other words, a concrete noun will
denote something that you can
perceive with one of your senses.
An abstract noun is a word which
names something that you cannot
see, hear, touch, smell, or taste.
A collective noun is the word used
for a group of people or things.

Car, man, bridge, town,


water, metal
Michael, United Nations
The Tower of London
Uncle George

Compound nouns are nouns made


up of two or more words. Some
compound nouns are hyphenated.
Some are not, and some combine
their words to form a single word.
Usually replace nouns and function
as nouns.
Express actions, occurrences, or
states of being
Describe or modify nouns or
pronouns.
Comparative is the name for the

Mother-in-law, Board of
members, Court-martial
Manservant, Mount Mayon,
butterfly

Table, shoes, paper, house

Consideration, parenthood,
belief, loyalty, freedom
choir, team, jury

I, you, he, this, that, who,


which, everyone
run, write, be, appear, seem
necessary, private, beautiful
good better best

grammar used when comparing two


things.
Superlative - talks about one thing
only and how it is the best, worst,
etc. it does not compare two things.

ADVERBS

bad worse worst


little less least
much (many) more most
far further - furthest

Answer these questions: when,


where, why, how, how much, in what
way? They modify verbs, adjectives,
and other adverbs.
These adverbs tell us that in which
manner the action occurs or how the
action occurs or occurred or will
occur.
Adverb of place tells us about the
place of action or where action
occurs/occurred/will occur.
Adverbs of frequency tell us how
many times the action occurs or
occurred or will occur.

very, too, loudly, finally,


yesterday, next, daringly.

4. Adverb of
time

These adverbs tell us about the time


of action.

now, then, soon, tomorrow,


yesterday, today, tonight,
again, early, yesterday.

PREPOSITIONS

Relate nouns or pronouns to other


words in a sentence.
Link words, phrases, and clauses.
Links words, phrases, or clauses of
equal importance.

about, to, with, around,


during, in, of, within

Introduce clauses that cannot stand


by themselves as complete
sentences and link them to main
clauses.

although, because, if,


whenever, as, whether, in
order that

Express feeling or command


attention, either alone or in a
sentence.

hey, oh, darn, wow,

1. Adverb of
Manner

2. Adverb of
Place.
3. Adverb of
frequency

CONJUNCTIONS
Coordinating

She speaks loudly.


He was driving slowly.
You replied correctly.
here, there, near,
somewhere, outside, ahead,
on the top, at some place
daily, sometimes, often,
seldom, usually, frequently,
always, ever, generally,
rarely, monthly, yearly.

and, but, so, for, or, nor, not


only . . . but also, either . . .
or

conjunctions
and
correlative
conjunctions
Subordinating
conjunctions
INTERJECTIONS

Grammar Exercise
Rewrite the letter replace the wrong grammars with the correct grammars.
October 1996
To Marjie,
I am not surprise or wander why Dennis leave you. Why? What reason can you
think about but youre very fat body. I thought before that Dennis only use me
to his toy but sooner and later Im realize that he really cant not beared or
stomached to be with you anymore because at first, Dennis say he could not
stand youre habit of making pakialam all his walks [lakad] and always calling to
their house what he go home or this or that.
And then he say he get ashame to met either in school or in his family and then
asking you to exercise youre very very, very fat body. But you hate it. Thought
your the most preetiest girls he knows about. What do you think you are
Beautiful Girl of Jose Marie Chan? Even you are beautiful face (to your think)
you do not have the right to called me whatsoever or else different name one
time or the other for the real purposed to insults my personality because Im
never call you names either in the front of Dennis or in the backs of Dennis, but
if you start already to calling me different name, I dont have any other choice
but to call you other different name to. Like you are a PIG, FAT, OBESSED,
OVERWIGHT, AND UGLY SHAPE girl. Shame to youre body that is to a BUDING.
You cant not blame Dennis for exchanging you to me because I am the more
sexier than you when you look to us in the mirror. Im repeat again that you are
like Ike Lozada when she is a girl.
Love,
The Sexiest Girl of D.M.
3

P.S. You say that Im the bad breathe but who is Dennis want to kissed. Me or
you? You or me? And the final is me. There you go.

Identify what part of speech it is.


An example is given below.
Question: She must have reached home. (verb)

1. She went to the market and bought some eggs.______________


2. I want to go now.______________
3. What are you doing there? ______________
4. There is a mouse underneath the piano. ___________________
5. Masons build houses. _______________
6. John is my best friend. _____________________
7. She looked up but didnt see anything. _____________________
8. My family live in different parts of India. ____________________
9. That was a difficult question. ____________________
10. She was very impressed with her results. ________________
11. Although she is poor, she is happy. ________________
12. Have we bought enough chairs?_________________
13. The policeman didnt run fast enough to catch the thief. __________________