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The Standardized Normal Distribution

(Z table)
Entry shows P(Z< specified Z) -- for example: P(Z < 1.24) = 0.89251
Z
-4.90
-4.80
-4.70
-4.60
-4.50
-4.40
-4.30
-4.20
-4.10
-4.00

0
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00001
0.00001
0.00001
0.00002
0.00003

0.01
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00001
0.00001
0.00001
0.00002
0.00003

0.02
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00001
0.00001
0.00002
0.00003

0.03
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00001
0.00001
0.00002
0.00003

0.04
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00001
0.00001
0.00002
0.00003

0.05
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00001
0.00001
0.00002
0.00003

0.06
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00001
0.00001
0.00002
0.00002

0.07
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00001
0.00001
0.00002
0.00002

0.08
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00001
0.00001
0.00001
0.00002

0.09
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00001
0.00001
0.00001
0.00002

-3.90
-3.80
-3.70
-3.60
-3.50
-3.40
-3.30
-3.20
-3.10
-3.00

0.00005
0.00007
0.00011
0.00016
0.00023
0.00034
0.00048
0.00069
0.00097
0.00135

0.00005
0.00007
0.00010
0.00015
0.00022
0.00032
0.00047
0.00066
0.00094
0.00131

0.00004
0.00007
0.00010
0.00015
0.00022
0.00031
0.00045
0.00064
0.00090
0.00126

0.00004
0.00006
0.00010
0.00014
0.00021
0.00030
0.00043
0.00062
0.00087
0.00122

0.00004
0.00006
0.00009
0.00014
0.00020
0.00029
0.00042
0.00060
0.00084
0.00118

0.00004
0.00006
0.00009
0.00013
0.00019
0.00028
0.00040
0.00058
0.00082
0.00114

0.00004
0.00006
0.00008
0.00013
0.00019
0.00027
0.00039
0.00056
0.00079
0.00111

0.00004
0.00005
0.00008
0.00012
0.00018
0.00026
0.00038
0.00054
0.00076
0.00107

0.00003
0.00005
0.00008
0.00012
0.00017
0.00025
0.00036
0.00052
0.00074
0.00104

0.00003
0.00005
0.00008
0.00011
0.00017
0.00024
0.00035
0.00050
0.00071
0.00100

-2.90
-2.80
-2.70
-2.60
-2.50
-2.40
-2.30
-2.20
-2.10
-2.00

0.00187
0.00256
0.00347
0.00466
0.00621
0.00820
0.01072
0.01390
0.01786
0.02275

0.00181
0.00248
0.00336
0.00453
0.00604
0.00798
0.01044
0.01355
0.01743
0.02222

0.00175
0.00240
0.00326
0.00440
0.00587
0.00776
0.01017
0.01321
0.01700
0.02169

0.00169
0.00233
0.00317
0.00427
0.00570
0.00755
0.00990
0.01287
0.01659
0.02118

0.00164
0.00226
0.00307
0.00415
0.00554
0.00734
0.00964
0.01255
0.01618
0.02068

0.00159
0.00219
0.00298
0.00402
0.00539
0.00714
0.00939
0.01222
0.01578
0.02018

0.00154
0.00212
0.00289
0.00391
0.00523
0.00695
0.00914
0.01191
0.01539
0.01970

0.00149
0.00205
0.00280
0.00379
0.00508
0.00676
0.00889
0.01160
0.01500
0.01923

0.00144
0.00199
0.00272
0.00368
0.00494
0.00657
0.00866
0.01130
0.01463
0.01876

0.00139
0.00193
0.00264
0.00357
0.00480
0.00639
0.00842
0.01101
0.01426
0.01831

-1.90
-1.80
-1.70
-1.60
-1.50
-1.40
-1.30
-1.20
-1.10
-1.00

0.02872
0.03593
0.04457
0.05480
0.06681
0.08076
0.09680
0.11507
0.13567
0.15866

0.02807
0.03515
0.04363
0.05370
0.06552
0.07927
0.09510
0.11314
0.13350
0.15625

0.02743
0.03438
0.04272
0.05262
0.06426
0.07780
0.09342
0.11123
0.13136
0.15386

0.02680
0.03362
0.04182
0.05155
0.06301
0.07636
0.09176
0.10935
0.12924
0.15151

0.02619
0.03288
0.04093
0.05050
0.06178
0.07493
0.09012
0.10749
0.12714
0.14917

0.02559
0.03216
0.04006
0.04947
0.06057
0.07353
0.08851
0.10565
0.12507
0.14686

0.02500
0.03144
0.03920
0.04846
0.05938
0.07215
0.08691
0.10383
0.12302
0.14457

0.02442
0.03074
0.03836
0.04746
0.05821
0.07078
0.08534
0.10204
0.12100
0.14231

0.02385
0.03005
0.03754
0.04648
0.05705
0.06944
0.08379
0.10027
0.11900
0.14007

0.02330
0.02938
0.03673
0.04551
0.05592
0.06811
0.08226
0.09853
0.11702
0.13786

-0.90
-0.80
-0.70
-0.60
-0.50
-0.40
-0.30
-0.20
-0.10
-0.00

0.18406
0.21186
0.24196
0.27425
0.30854
0.34458
0.38209
0.42074
0.46017
0.50000

0.18141
0.20897
0.23885
0.27093
0.30503
0.34090
0.37828
0.41683
0.45620
0.49601

0.17879
0.20611
0.23576
0.26763
0.30153
0.33724
0.37448
0.41294
0.45224
0.49202

0.17619
0.20327
0.23270
0.26435
0.29806
0.33360
0.37070
0.40905
0.44828
0.48803

0.17361
0.20045
0.22965
0.26109
0.29460
0.32997
0.36693
0.40517
0.44433
0.48405

0.17106
0.19766
0.22663
0.25785
0.29116
0.32636
0.36317
0.40129
0.44038
0.48006

0.16853
0.19489
0.22363
0.25463
0.28774
0.32276
0.35942
0.39743
0.43644
0.47608

0.16602
0.19215
0.22065
0.25143
0.28434
0.31918
0.35569
0.39358
0.43251
0.47210

0.16354
0.18943
0.21770
0.24825
0.28096
0.31561
0.35197
0.38974
0.42858
0.46812

0.16109
0.18673
0.21476
0.24510
0.27760
0.31207
0.34827
0.38591
0.42465
0.46414

Z
0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90

0
0.50000
0.53983
0.57926
0.61791
0.65542
0.69146
0.72575
0.75804
0.78814
0.81594

0.01
0.50399
0.54380
0.58317
0.62172
0.65910
0.69497
0.72907
0.76115
0.79103
0.81859

0.02
0.50798
0.54776
0.58706
0.62552
0.66276
0.69847
0.73237
0.76424
0.79389
0.82121

0.03
0.51197
0.55172
0.59095
0.62930
0.66640
0.70194
0.73565
0.76730
0.79673
0.82381

0.04
0.51595
0.55567
0.59483
0.63307
0.67003
0.70540
0.73891
0.77035
0.79955
0.82639

0.05
0.51994
0.55962
0.59871
0.63683
0.67364
0.70884
0.74215
0.77337
0.80234
0.82894

0.06
0.52392
0.56356
0.60257
0.64058
0.67724
0.71226
0.74537
0.77637
0.80511
0.83147

0.07
0.52790
0.56749
0.60642
0.64431
0.68082
0.71566
0.74857
0.77935
0.80785
0.83398

0.08
0.53188
0.57142
0.61026
0.64803
0.68439
0.71904
0.75175
0.78230
0.81057
0.83646

0.09
0.53586
0.57535
0.61409
0.65173
0.68793
0.72240
0.75490
0.78524
0.81327
0.83891

1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90

0.84134
0.86433
0.88493
0.90320
0.91924
0.93319
0.94520
0.95543
0.96407
0.97128

0.84375
0.86650
0.88686
0.90490
0.92073
0.93448
0.94630
0.95637
0.96485
0.97193

0.84614
0.86864
0.88877
0.90658
0.92220
0.93574
0.94738
0.95728
0.96562
0.97257

0.84849
0.87076
0.89065
0.90824
0.92364
0.93699
0.94845
0.95818
0.96638
0.97320

0.85083
0.87286
0.89251
0.90988
0.92507
0.93822
0.94950
0.95907
0.96712
0.97381

0.85314
0.87493
0.89435
0.91149
0.92647
0.93943
0.95053
0.95994
0.96784
0.97441

0.85543
0.87698
0.89617
0.91309
0.92785
0.94062
0.95154
0.96080
0.96856
0.97500

0.85769
0.87900
0.89796
0.91466
0.92922
0.94179
0.95254
0.96164
0.96926
0.97558

0.85993
0.88100
0.89973
0.91621
0.93056
0.94295
0.95352
0.96246
0.96995
0.97615

0.86214
0.88298
0.90147
0.91774
0.93189
0.94408
0.95449
0.96327
0.97062
0.97670

2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
2.60
2.70
2.80
2.90

0.97725
0.98214
0.98610
0.98928
0.99180
0.99379
0.99534
0.99653
0.99744
0.99813

0.97778
0.98257
0.98645
0.98956
0.99202
0.99396
0.99547
0.99664
0.99752
0.99819

0.97831
0.98300
0.98679
0.98983
0.99224
0.99413
0.99560
0.99674
0.99760
0.99825

0.97882
0.98341
0.98713
0.99010
0.99245
0.99430
0.99573
0.99683
0.99767
0.99831

0.97932
0.98382
0.98745
0.99036
0.99266
0.99446
0.99585
0.99693
0.99774
0.99836

0.97982
0.98422
0.98778
0.99061
0.99286
0.99461
0.99598
0.99702
0.99781
0.99841

0.98030
0.98461
0.98809
0.99086
0.99305
0.99477
0.99609
0.99711
0.99788
0.99846

0.98077
0.98500
0.98840
0.99111
0.99324
0.99492
0.99621
0.99720
0.99795
0.99851

0.98124
0.98537
0.98870
0.99134
0.99343
0.99506
0.99632
0.99728
0.99801
0.99856

0.98169
0.98574
0.98899
0.99158
0.99361
0.99520
0.99643
0.99736
0.99807
0.99861

3.00
3.10
3.20
3.30
3.40
3.50
3.60
3.70
3.80
3.90

0.99865
0.99903
0.99931
0.99952
0.99966
0.99977
0.99984
0.99989
0.99993
0.99995

0.99869
0.99906
0.99934
0.99953
0.99968
0.99978
0.99985
0.99990
0.99993
0.99995

0.99874
0.99910
0.99936
0.99955
0.99969
0.99978
0.99985
0.99990
0.99993
0.99996

0.99878
0.99913
0.99938
0.99957
0.99970
0.99979
0.99986
0.99990
0.99994
0.99996

0.99882
0.99916
0.99940
0.99958
0.99971
0.99980
0.99986
0.99991
0.99994
0.99996

0.99886
0.99918
0.99942
0.99960
0.99972
0.99981
0.99987
0.99991
0.99994
0.99996

0.99889
0.99921
0.99944
0.99961
0.99973
0.99981
0.99987
0.99992
0.99994
0.99996

0.99893
0.99924
0.99946
0.99962
0.99974
0.99982
0.99988
0.99992
0.99995
0.99996

0.99896
0.99926
0.99948
0.99964
0.99975
0.99983
0.99988
0.99992
0.99995
0.99997

0.99900
0.99929
0.99950
0.99965
0.99976
0.99983
0.99989
0.99992
0.99995
0.99997

4.00
4.10
4.20
4.30
4.40
4.50
4.60
4.70
4.80
4.90

0.99997
0.99998
0.99999
0.99999
0.99999
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000

0.99997
0.99998
0.99999
0.99999
0.99999
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000

0.99997
0.99998
0.99999
0.99999
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000

0.99997
0.99998
0.99999
0.99999
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000

0.99997
0.99998
0.99999
0.99999
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000

0.99997
0.99998
0.99999
0.99999
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000

0.99998
0.99998
0.99999
0.99999
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000

0.99998
0.99998
0.99999
0.99999
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000

0.99998
0.99999
0.99999
0.99999
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000

0.99998
0.99999
0.99999
0.99999
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000
1.00000

-4.24

Critical Values of t
table shows upper tail area
entry shows P(t>specified value)
for example, with 10 degrees of freedom, P(t>1.81246)=.05
degrees of
freedom
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

0.25
1.00000
0.81650
0.76489
0.74070
0.72669
0.71756
0.71114
0.70639
0.70272

0.1
3.07768
1.88562
1.63774
1.53321
1.47588
1.43976
1.41492
1.39682
1.38303

0.05
6.31375
2.91999
2.35336
2.13185
2.01505
1.94318
1.89458
1.85955
1.83311

0.025
12.70620
4.30265
3.18245
2.77645
2.57058
2.44691
2.36462
2.30600
2.26216

0.01
31.82052
6.96456
4.54070
3.74695
3.36493
3.14267
2.99795
2.89646
2.82144

0.005
63.65674
9.92484
5.84091
4.60409
4.03214
3.70743
3.49948
3.35539
3.24984

10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

0.69981
0.69745
0.69548
0.69383
0.69242
0.69120
0.69013
0.68920
0.68836
0.68762

1.37218
1.36343
1.35622
1.35017
1.34503
1.34061
1.33676
1.33338
1.33039
1.32773

1.81246
1.79588
1.78229
1.77093
1.76131
1.75305
1.74588
1.73961
1.73406
1.72913

2.22814
2.20099
2.17881
2.16037
2.14479
2.13145
2.11991
2.10982
2.10092
2.09302

2.76377
2.71808
2.68100
2.65031
2.62449
2.60248
2.58349
2.56693
2.55238
2.53948

3.16927
3.10581
3.05454
3.01228
2.97684
2.94671
2.92078
2.89823
2.87844
2.86093

20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29

0.68695
0.68635
0.68581
0.68531
0.68485
0.68443
0.68404
0.68368
0.68335
0.68304

1.32534
1.32319
1.32124
1.31946
1.31784
1.31635
1.31497
1.31370
1.31253
1.31143

1.72472
1.72074
1.71714
1.71387
1.71088
1.70814
1.70562
1.70329
1.70113
1.69913

2.08596
2.07961
2.07387
2.06866
2.06390
2.05954
2.05553
2.05183
2.04841
2.04523

2.52798
2.51765
2.50832
2.49987
2.49216
2.48511
2.47863
2.47266
2.46714
2.46202

2.84534
2.83136
2.81876
2.80734
2.79694
2.78744
2.77871
2.77068
2.76326
2.75639

30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

0.68276
0.68249
0.68223
0.68200
0.68177
0.68156
0.68137
0.68118
0.68100
0.68083

1.31042
1.30946
1.30857
1.30774
1.30695
1.30621
1.30551
1.30485
1.30423
1.30364

1.69726
1.69552
1.69389
1.69236
1.69092
1.68957
1.68830
1.68709
1.68595
1.68488

2.04227
2.03951
2.03693
2.03452
2.03224
2.03011
2.02809
2.02619
2.02439
2.02269

2.45726
2.45282
2.44868
2.44479
2.44115
2.43772
2.43449
2.43145
2.42857
2.42584

2.75000
2.74404
2.73848
2.73328
2.72839
2.72381
2.71948
2.71541
2.71156
2.70791

40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48

0.68067
0.68052
0.68038
0.68024
0.68011
0.67998
0.67986
0.67975
0.67964

1.30308
1.30254
1.30204
1.30155
1.30109
1.30065
1.30023
1.29982
1.29944

1.68385
1.68288
1.68195
1.68107
1.68023
1.67943
1.67866
1.67793
1.67722

2.02108
2.01954
2.01808
2.01669
2.01537
2.01410
2.01290
2.01174
2.01063

2.42326
2.42080
2.41847
2.41625
2.41413
2.41212
2.41019
2.40835
2.40658

2.70446
2.70118
2.69807
2.69510
2.69228
2.68959
2.68701
2.68456
2.68220

Z value

49

0.67953

1.29907

1.67655

2.00958

2.40489

2.67995

50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59

0.67943
0.67933
0.67924
0.67915
0.67906
0.67898
0.67890
0.67882
0.67874
0.67867

1.29871
1.29837
1.29805
1.29773
1.29743
1.29713
1.29685
1.29658
1.29632
1.29607

1.67591
1.67528
1.67469
1.67412
1.67356
1.67303
1.67252
1.67203
1.67155
1.67109

2.00856
2.00758
2.00665
2.00575
2.00488
2.00404
2.00324
2.00247
2.00172
2.00100

2.40327
2.40172
2.40022
2.39879
2.39741
2.39608
2.39480
2.39357
2.39238
2.39123

2.67779
2.67572
2.67373
2.67182
2.66998
2.66822
2.66651
2.66487
2.66329
2.66176

60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69

0.67860
0.67853
0.67847
0.67840
0.67834
0.67828
0.67823
0.67817
0.67811
0.67806

1.29582
1.29558
1.29536
1.29513
1.29492
1.29471
1.29451
1.29432
1.29413
1.29394

1.67065
1.67022
1.66980
1.66940
1.66901
1.66864
1.66827
1.66792
1.66757
1.66724

2.00030
1.99962
1.99897
1.99834
1.99773
1.99714
1.99656
1.99601
1.99547
1.99495

2.39012
2.38905
2.38801
2.38701
2.38604
2.38510
2.38419
2.38330
2.38245
2.38161

2.66028
2.65886
2.65748
2.65615
2.65485
2.65360
2.65239
2.65122
2.65008
2.64898

70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79

0.67801
0.67796
0.67791
0.67787
0.67782
0.67778
0.67773
0.67769
0.67765
0.67761

1.29376
1.29359
1.29342
1.29326
1.29310
1.29294
1.29279
1.29264
1.29250
1.29236

1.66691
1.66660
1.66629
1.66600
1.66571
1.66543
1.66515
1.66488
1.66462
1.66437

1.99444
1.99394
1.99346
1.99300
1.99254
1.99210
1.99167
1.99125
1.99085
1.99045

2.38081
2.38002
2.37926
2.37852
2.37780
2.37710
2.37642
2.37576
2.37511
2.37448

2.64790
2.64686
2.64585
2.64487
2.64391
2.64298
2.64208
2.64120
2.64034
2.63950

80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89

0.67757
0.67753
0.67749
0.67746
0.67742
0.67739
0.67735
0.67732
0.67729
0.67726

1.29222
1.29209
1.29196
1.29183
1.29171
1.29159
1.29147
1.29136
1.29125
1.29114

1.66412
1.66388
1.66365
1.66342
1.66320
1.66298
1.66277
1.66256
1.66235
1.66216

1.99006
1.98969
1.98932
1.98896
1.98861
1.98827
1.98793
1.98761
1.98729
1.98698

2.37387
2.37327
2.37269
2.37212
2.37156
2.37102
2.37049
2.36998
2.36947
2.36898

2.63869
2.63790
2.63712
2.63637
2.63563
2.63491
2.63421
2.63353
2.63286
2.63220

90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

0.67723
0.67720
0.67717
0.67714
0.67711
0.67708
0.67705
0.67703
0.67700
0.67698
0.67695

1.29103
1.29092
1.29082
1.29072
1.29062
1.29053
1.29043
1.29034
1.29025
1.29016
1.29007

1.66196
1.66177
1.66159
1.66140
1.66123
1.66105
1.66088
1.66071
1.66055
1.66039
1.66023

1.98667
1.98638
1.98609
1.98580
1.98552
1.98525
1.98498
1.98472
1.98447
1.98422
1.98397

2.36850
2.36803
2.36757
2.36712
2.36667
2.36624
2.36582
2.36541
2.36500
2.36461
2.36422

2.63157
2.63094
2.63033
2.62973
2.62915
2.62858
2.62802
2.62747
2.62693
2.62641
2.62589

0.67449

1.28155

1.64485

1.95996

2.32635

2.57583

Critical Values of F
Fistribution for alpha of 0.05
alpha

0.05
table shows for a particular combination of numerator and denominator degrees of freedom
the critical values of F corresponding to 5% upper tail area
numerator d. f.

denominato
r d. f.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
40
60
120

1
161.4476
18.5128
10.1280
7.7086
6.6079
5.9874
5.5914
5.3177
5.1174
4.9646
4.8443
4.7472
4.6672
4.6001
4.5431
4.4940
4.4513
4.4139
4.3807
4.3512
4.3248
4.3009
4.2793
4.2597
4.2417
4.2252
4.2100
4.1960
4.1830
4.1709
4.0847
4.0012
3.9201

2
199.5000
19.0000
9.5521
6.9443
5.7861
5.1433
4.7374
4.4590
4.2565
4.1028
3.9823
3.8853
3.8056
3.7389
3.6823
3.6337
3.5915
3.5546
3.5219
3.4928
3.4668
3.4434
3.4221
3.4028
3.3852
3.3690
3.3541
3.3404
3.3277
3.3158
3.2317
3.1504
3.0718

3
215.7073
19.1643
9.2766
6.5914
5.4095
4.7571
4.3468
4.0662
3.8625
3.7083
3.5874
3.4903
3.4105
3.3439
3.2874
3.2389
3.1968
3.1599
3.1274
3.0984
3.0725
3.0491
3.0280
3.0088
2.9912
2.9752
2.9604
2.9467
2.9340
2.9223
2.8387
2.7581
2.6802

4
224.5832
19.2468
9.1172
6.3882
5.1922
4.5337
4.1203
3.8379
3.6331
3.4780
3.3567
3.2592
3.1791
3.1122
3.0556
3.0069
2.9647
2.9277
2.8951
2.8661
2.8401
2.8167
2.7955
2.7763
2.7587
2.7426
2.7278
2.7141
2.7014
2.6896
2.6060
2.5252
2.4472

5
230.1619
19.2964
9.0135
6.2561
5.0503
4.3874
3.9715
3.6875
3.4817
3.3258
3.2039
3.1059
3.0254
2.9582
2.9013
2.8524
2.8100
2.7729
2.7401
2.7109
2.6848
2.6613
2.6400
2.6207
2.6030
2.5868
2.5719
2.5581
2.5454
2.5336
2.4495
2.3683
2.2899

6
233.9860
19.3295
8.9406
6.1631
4.9503
4.2839
3.8660
3.5806
3.3738
3.2172
3.0946
2.9961
2.9153
2.8477
2.7905
2.7413
2.6987
2.6613
2.6283
2.5990
2.5727
2.5491
2.5277
2.5082
2.4904
2.4741
2.4591
2.4453
2.4324
2.4205
2.3359
2.2541
2.1750

7
236.7684
19.3532
8.8867
6.0942
4.8759
4.2067
3.7870
3.5005
3.2927
3.1355
3.0123
2.9134
2.8321
2.7642
2.7066
2.6572
2.6143
2.5767
2.5435
2.5140
2.4876
2.4638
2.4422
2.4226
2.4047
2.3883
2.3732
2.3593
2.3463
2.3343
2.2490
2.1665
2.0868

8
238.8827
19.3710
8.8452
6.0410
4.8183
4.1468
3.7257
3.4381
3.2296
3.0717
2.9480
2.8486
2.7669
2.6987
2.6408
2.5911
2.5480
2.5102
2.4768
2.4471
2.4205
2.3965
2.3748
2.3551
2.3371
2.3205
2.3053
2.2913
2.2783
2.2662
2.1802
2.0970
2.0164

9
240.5433
19.3848
8.8123
5.9988
4.7725
4.0990
3.6767
3.3881
3.1789
3.0204
2.8962
2.7964
2.7144
2.6458
2.5876
2.5377
2.4943
2.4563
2.4227
2.3928
2.3660
2.3419
2.3201
2.3002
2.2821
2.2655
2.2501
2.2360
2.2229
2.2107
2.1240
2.0401
1.9588

10
241.8817
19.3959
8.7855
5.9644
4.7351
4.0600
3.6365
3.3472
3.1373
2.9782
2.8536
2.7534
2.6710
2.6022
2.5437
2.4935
2.4499
2.4117
2.3779
2.3479
2.3210
2.2967
2.2747
2.2547
2.2365
2.2197
2.2043
2.1900
2.1768
2.1646
2.0772
1.9926
1.9105

12
243.9060
19.4125
8.7446
5.9117
4.6777
3.9999
3.5747
3.2839
3.0729
2.9130
2.7876
2.6866
2.6037
2.5342
2.4753
2.4247
2.3807
2.3421
2.3080
2.2776
2.2504
2.2258
2.2036
2.1834
2.1649
2.1479
2.1323
2.1179
2.1045
2.0921
2.0035
1.9174
1.8337

15
245.9499
19.4291
8.7029
5.8578
4.6188
3.9381
3.5107
3.2184
3.0061
2.8450
2.7186
2.6169
2.5331
2.4630
2.4034
2.3522
2.3077
2.2686
2.2341
2.2033
2.1757
2.1508
2.1282
2.1077
2.0889
2.0716
2.0558
2.0411
2.0275
2.0148
1.9245
1.8364
1.7505

20
248.0131
19.4458
8.6602
5.8025
4.5581
3.8742
3.4445
3.1503
2.9365
2.7740
2.6464
2.5436
2.4589
2.3879
2.3275
2.2756
2.2304
2.1906
2.1555
2.1242
2.0960
2.0707
2.0476
2.0267
2.0075
1.9898
1.9736
1.9586
1.9446
1.9317
1.8389
1.7480
1.6587

24
249.0518
19.4541
8.6385
5.7744
4.5272
3.8415
3.4105
3.1152
2.9005
2.7372
2.6090
2.5055
2.4202
2.3487
2.2878
2.2354
2.1898
2.1497
2.1141
2.0825
2.0540
2.0283
2.0050
1.9838
1.9643
1.9464
1.9299
1.9147
1.9005
1.8874
1.7929
1.7001
1.6084

30
250.0951
19.4624
8.6166
5.7459
4.4957
3.8082
3.3758
3.0794
2.8637
2.6996
2.5705
2.4663
2.3803
2.3082
2.2468
2.1938
2.1477
2.1071
2.0712
2.0391
2.0102
1.9842
1.9605
1.9390
1.9192
1.9010
1.8842
1.8687
1.8543
1.8409
1.7444
1.6491
1.5543

40
251.1432
19.4707
8.5944
5.7170
4.4638
3.7743
3.3404
3.0428
2.8259
2.6609
2.5309
2.4259
2.3392
2.2664
2.2043
2.1507
2.1040
2.0629
2.0264
1.9938
1.9645
1.9380
1.9139
1.8920
1.8718
1.8533
1.8361
1.8203
1.8055
1.7918
1.6928
1.5943
1.4952

60
252.1957
19.4791
8.5720
5.6877
4.4314
3.7398
3.3043
3.0053
2.7872
2.6211
2.4901
2.3842
2.2966
2.2229
2.1601
2.1058
2.0584
2.0166
1.9795
1.9464
1.9165
1.8894
1.8648
1.8424
1.8217
1.8027
1.7851
1.7689
1.7537
1.7396
1.6373
1.5343
1.4290

120
253.2529
19.4874
8.5494
5.6581
4.3985
3.7047
3.2674
2.9669
2.7475
2.5801
2.4480
2.3410
2.2524
2.1778
2.1141
2.0589
2.0107
1.9681
1.9302
1.8963
1.8657
1.8380
1.8128
1.7896
1.7684
1.7488
1.7306
1.7138
1.6981
1.6835
1.5766
1.4673
1.3519

Critical Values of F
alpha

0.025

Fistribution for alpha of 0.025


table shows for a particular combination of numerator and denominator degrees of freedom
the critical values of F corresponding to 2.5% upper tail area
numerator d. f.

denominato
r d. f.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
40
60
120

1
647.7890
38.5063
17.4434
12.2179
10.0070
8.8131
8.0727
7.5709
7.2093
6.9367
6.7241
6.5538
6.4143
6.2979
6.1995
6.1151
6.0420
5.9781
5.9216
5.8715
5.8266
5.7863
5.7498
5.7166
5.6864
5.6586
5.6331
5.6096
5.5878
5.5675
5.4239
5.2856
5.1523

2
799.5000
39.0000
16.0441
10.6491
8.4336
7.2599
6.5415
6.0595
5.7147
5.4564
5.2559
5.0959
4.9653
4.8567
4.7650
4.6867
4.6189
4.5597
4.5075
4.4613
4.4199
4.3828
4.3492
4.3187
4.2909
4.2655
4.2421
4.2205
4.2006
4.1821
4.0510
3.9253
3.8046

3
864.1630
39.1655
15.4392
9.9792
7.7636
6.5988
5.8898
5.4160
5.0781
4.8256
4.6300
4.4742
4.3472
4.2417
4.1528
4.0768
4.0112
3.9539
3.9034
3.8587
3.8188
3.7829
3.7505
3.7211
3.6943
3.6697
3.6472
3.6264
3.6072
3.5894
3.4633
3.3425
3.2269

4
899.5833
39.2484
15.1010
9.6045
7.3879
6.2272
5.5226
5.0526
4.7181
4.4683
4.2751
4.1212
3.9959
3.8919
3.8043
3.7294
3.6648
3.6083
3.5587
3.5147
3.4754
3.4401
3.4083
3.3794
3.3530
3.3289
3.3067
3.2863
3.2674
3.2499
3.1261
3.0077
2.8943

5
921.8479
39.2982
14.8848
9.3645
7.1464
5.9876
5.2852
4.8173
4.4844
4.2361
4.0440
3.8911
3.7667
3.6634
3.5764
3.5021
3.4379
3.3820
3.3327
3.2891
3.2501
3.2151
3.1835
3.1548
3.1287
3.1048
3.0828
3.0626
3.0438
3.0265
2.9037
2.7863
2.6740

6
937.1111
39.3315
14.7347
9.1973
6.9777
5.8198
5.1186
4.6517
4.3197
4.0721
3.8807
3.7283
3.6043
3.5014
3.4147
3.3406
3.2767
3.2209
3.1718
3.1283
3.0895
3.0546
3.0232
2.9946
2.9685
2.9447
2.9228
2.9027
2.8840
2.8667
2.7444
2.6274
2.5154

7
948.2169
39.3552
14.6244
9.0741
6.8531
5.6955
4.9949
4.5286
4.1970
3.9498
3.7586
3.6065
3.4827
3.3799
3.2934
3.2194
3.1556
3.0999
3.0509
3.0074
2.9686
2.9338
2.9023
2.8738
2.8478
2.8240
2.8021
2.7820
2.7633
2.7460
2.6238
2.5068
2.3948

8
956.6562
39.3730
14.5399
8.9796
6.7572
5.5996
4.8993
4.4333
4.1020
3.8549
3.6638
3.5118
3.3880
3.2853
3.1987
3.1248
3.0610
3.0053
2.9563
2.9128
2.8740
2.8392
2.8077
2.7791
2.7531
2.7293
2.7074
2.6872
2.6686
2.6513
2.5289
2.4117
2.2994

9
963.2846
39.3869
14.4731
8.9047
6.6811
5.5234
4.8232
4.3572
4.0260
3.7790
3.5879
3.4358
3.3120
3.2093
3.1227
3.0488
2.9849
2.9291
2.8801
2.8365
2.7977
2.7628
2.7313
2.7027
2.6766
2.6528
2.6309
2.6106
2.5919
2.5746
2.4519
2.3344
2.2217

10
968.6274
39.3980
14.4189
8.8439
6.6192
5.4613
4.7611
4.2951
3.9639
3.7168
3.5257
3.3736
3.2497
3.1469
3.0602
2.9862
2.9222
2.8664
2.8172
2.7737
2.7348
2.6998
2.6682
2.6396
2.6135
2.5896
2.5676
2.5473
2.5286
2.5112
2.3882
2.2702
2.1570

12
976.7079
39.4146
14.3366
8.7512
6.5245
5.3662
4.6658
4.1997
3.8682
3.6209
3.4296
3.2773
3.1532
3.0502
2.9633
2.8890
2.8249
2.7689
2.7196
2.6758
2.6368
2.6017
2.5699
2.5411
2.5149
2.4908
2.4688
2.4484
2.4295
2.4120
2.2882
2.1692
2.0548

15
984.8668
39.4313
14.2527
8.6565
6.4277
5.2687
4.5678
4.1012
3.7694
3.5217
3.3299
3.1772
3.0527
2.9493
2.8621
2.7875
2.7230
2.6667
2.6171
2.5731
2.5338
2.4984
2.4665
2.4374
2.4110
2.3867
2.3644
2.3438
2.3248
2.3072
2.1819
2.0613
1.9450

20
993.1028
39.4479
14.1674
8.5599
6.3286
5.1684
4.4667
3.9995
3.6669
3.4185
3.2261
3.0728
2.9477
2.8437
2.7559
2.6808
2.6158
2.5590
2.5089
2.4645
2.4247
2.3890
2.3567
2.3273
2.3005
2.2759
2.2533
2.2324
2.2131
2.1952
2.0677
1.9445
1.8249

24
997.2492
39.4562
14.1241
8.5109
6.2780
5.1172
4.4150
3.9472
3.6142
3.3654
3.1725
3.0187
2.8932
2.7888
2.7006
2.6252
2.5598
2.5027
2.4523
2.4076
2.3675
2.3315
2.2989
2.2693
2.2422
2.2174
2.1946
2.1735
2.1540
2.1359
2.0069
1.8817
1.7597

30
1001.4144
39.4646
14.0805
8.4613
6.2269
5.0652
4.3624
3.8940
3.5604
3.3110
3.1176
2.9633
2.8372
2.7324
2.6437
2.5678
2.5020
2.4445
2.3937
2.3486
2.3082
2.2718
2.2389
2.2090
2.1816
2.1565
2.1334
2.1121
2.0923
2.0739
1.9429
1.8152
1.6899

40
1005.5981
39.4729
14.0365
8.4111
6.1750
5.0125
4.3089
3.8398
3.5055
3.2554
3.0613
2.9063
2.7797
2.6742
2.5850
2.5085
2.4422
2.3842
2.3329
2.2873
2.2465
2.2097
2.1763
2.1460
2.1183
2.0928
2.0693
2.0477
2.0276
2.0089
1.8752
1.7440
1.6141

60
1009.8001
39.4812
13.9921
8.3604
6.1225
4.9589
4.2544
3.7844
3.4493
3.1984
3.0035
2.8478
2.7204
2.6142
2.5242
2.4471
2.3801
2.3214
2.2696
2.2234
2.1819
2.1446
2.1107
2.0799
2.0516
2.0257
2.0018
1.9797
1.9591
1.9400
1.8028
1.6668
1.5299

120
1014.0202
39.4896
13.9473
8.3092
6.0693
4.9044
4.1989
3.7279
3.3918
3.1399
2.9441
2.7874
2.6590
2.5519
2.4611
2.3831
2.3153
2.2558
2.2032
2.1562
2.1141
2.0760
2.0415
2.0099
1.9811
1.9545
1.9299
1.9072
1.8861
1.8664
1.7242
1.5810
1.4327