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Notes:

INITIATIVE a legal process whereby the registered voters of a LGU may directly
propose, enact, ro amend any ordinance
Referendum the legal process wherevy the registered voters of the LGU may
approved, amend, or reject ant ordinance enacted by the sanggunian.
Component Cities
Urbanized component cities
Sec. 90 practice of profession
a. All governors and municipal mayors are prohibited from practicing their
profession or engaging in any occupation other than the exercises of their
function as local chief executives.
b. Sanggunian members may practice their professions, engage in any
occupation, or teach in schools except during session hours, provided, that
sanggunian members who are also members of the BAR shall not:
1. Appear as counsel before any court in any civil case wherein a local
government unit or any office, agency, or instrumentality of the
government is the adverse party;
2. Appear as counsel in any criminal case wherein an officer or employee of
the national or local government is accused of an offence committed in
relation his office;
3. Collect ay fee for their appearance in administrative proceedings involving
the local government unit of which he is an official; and
4. Use property and personnel of the government except when the
sanggunian member concerned is defending the interest of the
government
c. Doctors of medicine may practice their profession even during official hours
of work only on occasion of emergency: provided, that the officials concerned
do not derive monetary compensation therefrom.
Sec. 91. Oath of office
Sec. 92. statement of assets and liabilities
a. Officials and employees of local government units shall file sworn statements
of assets, liabilities and net worth, lists of relatives within the 4 th civil degree
of consanguinity or affinity in government service, financial and business
interest and personnel data sheets as required by law.
Sec. 93. partisan political activity
No local official or employee in the career civil service shall engage directly or
indirectly in any partisan political activity or take part in any election, initiative,
referendum, plebiscite, or recall, except to vote, nor shall he use his official
authority or influence to cause the performance of any political activity by any
person or body. He may, however, express his views on current issues, or mention
the names of certain candidates for public office whom he supports. Elective local

officials may take part in the partisan political and electoral activities, but it shall be
unlawful for them to solicit contributions from their subordinates or subject these
subordinates to any of the prohibited acts under the omnibus election code.

Sec. 93

Q: What is recall?
A: it is a mode of removal of a public officer by the people before the end of his
term. The peoples prerogative to remove a public officer is an incident of their
sovereign power, even in the absence of constitutional restraint; the power is
implied in all governmental operations.
Q: What is the ground for recall? Is this subject to judicial inquiry?
A: The only ground for recall of local government officials is loss of confidence. No,
it is not subject to judicial inquiry, the Court ruled that loss of confidence as a
ground for recall is a political question.

Q: What are the limitations on recall?


A:
1. Any elective local official may be subject of a recall election only once during his
term of office for loss of confidence; and
2. No recall shall take place within one year from the date of the officials
assumption to office or one year immediately preceding a regular election. (Sec. 74,
LGC)
Q: What is the ground for recall? Is this subject to judicial inquiry?
A: The only ground for recall of local government officials is loss of confidence. No,
it is not subject to judicial inquiry, the Court ruled that loss of confidence as a
ground for recall is a political question. (Evardone v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 94010 Dec.
2, 1991).
Q: Upon whom and how may a recall be initiated?
A:
1. Who: any elective
a. Provincial
b. City

c. Municipal
d. Barangay official

2. How: by a petition of a registered voter in the LGU concerned and supported by


the registered voters in the LGU concerned during the election in which the local
official sought to be recalled was elected. (Sec. 70 of R.A. 7160, as amended by
R.A. 9244)

Note: By virtue of R.A. 9244, Secs. 70 and 71 of the Local Government Code were
amended, and the Preparatory Recall Assembly has been eliminated as a mode of
instituting recall of elective local government officials.
All pending petitions for recall initiated through the Preparatory Recall Assembly
shall be considered dismissed upon the effectivity of RA 9244 (Approved Feb. 19,
2004)