Sie sind auf Seite 1von 17

URBAN PLANNING IN

THE PHILIPPINES

URBAN PLANNING IN THE


PHILIPPINES

1. Burnham
2. Existing

Plan

Urban Planning Laws

Burnham Plan
Daniel

Burnham believed that an ideal city


could be both beautiful and commercially

When

Daniel Burnham visited the Philippines in


the 1900s to plan the cities of Manila and
Baguio, he was already a well-known
proponent of the City Beautiful movement.

Burnham Plan - MANILA

Burnham Plan - MANILA


Burnham

wanted Manila to be The City


Beautiful of the Orientthe Pearl of the
Orient.

Manila

was to be a mesh of Rome, Paris, and


Venice.

Burnham

predicted that Manila would be home


to millions of people before the century was
over, so he planned Manila accordingly.

Burnham Plan - MANILA


There were five interrelated major proposals in
Burnhams Plan of Manila:
1.

Waterfronts, parks, and parkways

2.

Street System

3.

Proper location of building sites

4.

Manilas waterways for transportation

5.

Provision of summer resorts.

Burnham Plan - MANILA


Of

Burnham's proposed government center,


only three units were completed when World
War II erupted;
1.

Legislative Building

2.

Buildings of the Finance

3.

Agricultural Departments

Burnham Plan - MANILA


In

1948, President Elpidio Quirino moved the


seat of government of the Philippines to
Quezon City.

The

move ended any implementation of the


Burnham Plan's intent for the government
center to be at Luneta.

Burnham Plan - BAGUIO

Burnham Plan - BAGUIO


Burnham,

in his early plans for Baguio,


advocated a strictly controlled growth and
development, and the acquisition of the hills
and forests as part of public domain to protect
the fine view of pines.

The

physical framework embodied in the plan


integrates a road and park systems into one, a
compact garden city for 25,000 to 30,000
people.

Burnham Plan - BAGUIO


Three

fundamental elements in the Baguio

Plan;
1.

Street system and railroad system

2.

Placement of important Institutions

3.

Recreational Areas

Burnham Plan - BAGUIO


September 1, 1909
Baguio

was declared as a chartered city and


the "Summer Capital of the Philippines".

The

scenic Kennon Road was opened to


vehicular traffic soon after the charter was
approved.

The

events of the Second World War stalled all


development, leaving the city in total
devastation.

Burnham Plan - BAGUIO


Fast

placed development however ensued


following the war years. Such development
trends transformed the city into what it is
today.

The

skeleton of the plan remains in the city


center, but just like Manila, the citys
urbanization became too rapid to control, and
the plans lay forgotten.

Existing Urban Planning Laws

1. Executive

Order No. 72

2. Memorandum
3. Executive

Circular No. 2016-102

Order No. 124

Executive Order No. 72


Providing

for the Preparation and


Implementation of the Comprehensive Land
Use Plans of Local Government Units Pursuant
to the Local Government Code of 1991 and
Other Pertinent Laws

Memorandum Circular No. 2016-102


An

updated memo from DILG Memorandum


Circular No. 2007-114 and No. 2010-112 which
prescribe the guidelines of Sec. 20, R.A. 7160,

Mandates

local government units to continue


preparing their respective comprehensive land
use plans enacted through zoning ordinances
which shall be the primary and dominant bases
for future use of land resources.

Executive Order No. 124


Establishing

Priorities and Procedures in


evaluating Areas for Land Conversion in
Regional Agricultural/ Industrial Center,
Tourism Development Areas Sites for Socialized
housing.