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# Some Relevant Math Terms from A to Z and Their

Meaning
TER
M

MEANING

Absolute Value

Abundant Number

Algebra

Algorithm

Annulus

Arithmetic

## A branch of mathematics involving number calculations.

It includes addition, subtraction, multiplication &
division.

Attribute

Axiom

Bar Graph

Bar Notation

Base

Binary System

## Number system using base number 2. Digits 0 & 1 are used

to express each number.

Bisect

Braces

Calculus

of change

Cardinal Numbers

Centroid

Chord

Circumference

Coefficient

Collinear Points

Composite Number

Congruent

Decagon

Decahedron

Deficient Number

Denominator

Discrete Data

Divisor

Element

Ellipse

Equiangular

## All angles are equal

Equilateral Triangle

Even Number

Exponent

## A tiny number to upper right of base number denoting the

times the base number should multiply by itself.

Expression

Extremum

Factor

Figure

Finite

Formula

## An equation stating a rule

Fortnight

14 days or 2 weeks

Fraction

A section of a number

Frequency

Occurring repeatedly

Function

Gallon

Geometry

Googol

Googolplex

power

(GCF)

## Greatest number that divides two or more other numbers

exactly. GCF for 12, 18 & 24 is 6.

Gross Mass

Gross Profit

Half-Life

## Amount of time taken for a substance to diminish by half.

Half life of isotope carbon-14 is 5730 years.

Hectare

Hectometre

100 metres

Heptagon

Hexagon

Hypotenuse

Icosahedron

## Polyhedron with 20 faces

Improper Fraction

## A fraction where the numerator is equal or greater than its

denominator like 6/4

Index

Exponent

Infinite

Integers

Isometric

## Containing equal measurements

Isosceles Triangle

## Triangle with 2 equal sides and angles

Jointly Proportional

time

Jump Strategy

## To make a calculation, a jump is made along an empty

number line by 10s and 1s

Kilogram

Kilometre

Least Common
Denominator

fractions

Lemma

Linear

Locus

Logarithm

## It is a power to which a base should be raised to achieve a

desired number

Mathematics (Math/Maths)

## Study of various calculations, numbers, quantities, shapes

and space using symbols, equations and formulae.

Matrix

## A rectangular array of numbers written in

parenthesis/brackets

Mean

Average

Median

Minor Arc

Mixed Number

Mode

Monomial

Natural Numbers

Negative Integer

Nonagon

Number Sentence

Numeral

Numerator

Obtuse Angle

Obtuse Triangle

Octagon

Odd Number

## Any number that cant be divided by 2 like 9, 15

Opposite Numbers

Two same numerals that have opposite signs like +57 and
-57

Ordinal

Outcome

## In probability, it refers to one of the possible results

Palindrome Number

like 666, 77477

Parabola

## U shaped curve where any point on it is equally distant from

a fixed point and a fixed straight line

Pentagon

Perfect Number

Pi

Polygon

Polyhedron

Prime Number

Proper Fraction

## A fraction where the numerator is lesser than its denominator

like 6/8

Proportion

Equality of 2 ratios

Quadrangle

Quadrilateral

Quadrillion

## 1 000 000 000 000 000 (10 raised to 15th power)

Quantitative Data

Quotient

Radius

Ratio

Ray

Reciprocals

Reflex Angle

degrees

Rhombus

Right angle

Scalene

Set

Sin

## Ratio of length of opposite side to hypotenuse length of a

right angled triangle

Skew Lines

Solid

Speed

Square root

Straight Angle

Tangent line

Tangram

Term

equation

Tessellation

Triangle

## Polygon with 3 sides

Trigonometry (Trig)

A study of triangles

Trinomial

Unit

Unit Rate

1

Unlikely

Value

Numerical amount

Variable

and expressions

Vector

## A quantity which has direction and magnitude (amount).

Velocity & force are examples of vector.

Vertex

Corner

Vinculum

Volume

Amount of space

Whole

Whole Number

Width

Breadth

X-axis

Y-axis

Y-intercept

Yard

Z-intercept

Zero

## The number that has no quantity. It is used as place holder.

The 0 symbol was invented around 500 AD by Hindu
mathematicians and not by Arabs.

Zero Matrix

Zero Vector