You are on page 1of 25

PHYSICS REVIEW

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

Mechanical Advantage for Inclined Plane


MA= L/H
L = 56 cm H = 7 cm
A. 8
B. 9
C. 392
D. -8
The vibration and movement of the atoms and molecules within substances
is
energy
A. Sound
B. Chemical
C. Thermal
D. Nuclear
Gravity and friction are two kinds of
A. inertia
B. forces
C. masses
D. gravity
The ideal mechanical advantage of the lever below is 5. If the distance from A to B is 30 cm,
what is the distance from B to C?

A. 6 cm
B. 35 cm
C. 150 cm
D. 180 cm
Which of the following is breaking the law of conservation of energy?
A. Energy can change form
B. Energy can be destroyed
C. Energy can be changed from chemical to heat
D. Energy can be useful
Solve the mechanical advantage of a wheel and axle
Wheel radius/axle radius

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.

Wheel radius = 225cm axle radius = 15cm


A. 15
B. -15
C. 3375
D. -3375
7) Energy stored in objects by tension is
A. mechanical energy
B. chemical energy
C. potential energy
D. thermal energy
8) A pan of water is set on a stove. After the heat is turned on, the temperature of the water
begins to
and the thermal energy of the water
.
a. decrease, decreases
decrease, increases
increase, increases
increase, decreases
9) When an unbalanced force acts on an object, the force
a. changes the motion of the object.
is cancelled by another force.
does not change the motion of the object.
is equal to the weight of the object.
10) Which example of these simple machines is a wedge?
a. hammer
ax
screwdriver
screw
11) The force of friction acts between all objects in the universe.
a. True
False
12)
Mechanical Advantage for Inclined Plane
L = 48 m H = 12 m
A.-576
B.576
C.-4
D.4

13)

Mechanical Advantage for Inclined Plane


L = 80 cm H = 5 cm
A.-16
B.16
C.400
D.-400
14) What is the force per unit area that one region of a gas, liquid, or solid exerts on
another?
A. density

B. pressure
C. motion
D. force
If the bar magnet below is carefully cut in half into two smaller magnets, they will each have

a.
b.
c.
d.

A. only north poles


B. only south poles
C. north and south poles
D. no north or south poles
15)
Mechanical Advantage for Inclined Plane
L = 60 cm H = 15 cm
A.-4
B. 4
C.8
D.900
16) Work is measured in
.
a. newton
b. joule
c. meter
d. watt
17) As you blow in a straw while cutting pieces off, the pitch and vibration gets
higher and faster
lower and slower
lower and faster
higher and slower
18) At what temperature in degrees Celsius does water boil
a. 212
b. 100
c. 0
d. 110
19) Whose principle states the pressure exerted by a moving stream of fluid is less than the
pressure of the surrounding fluid?
a. Bernoulli
b. Pascal
c. Archimedes
20) a = F/M
What is the acceleration?
F = 36 N
M = 4 Kg
A.9
B.-144
C.144

D.-9

21)

The force pushing on a surface divided by the area of that surface.

a. pressure
b. gravity
c. inertia
22) Which of these is a third-class lever?
a. scissors
b. pliers
c. fishing pole
d. nutcracker
23) The force which causes a plane to move forward is called
a. lift
b. thrust
c. gravity
d. none of these
24) If an object weighing 50 N displaces a volume of water that weighs 10 N what is the
buoyant force on the object?
a. 60 N
b. 50 N
c. 40 N
d. 10 N
25) The strength of the gravitational force between two objects depends on the objects
a. masses and distance between them
b. weights and accelerations
c. masses and gravity
26) The
force acts in the direction opposite to the force of gravity, so it makes an
object feel lighter.
a. balanced
b. buoyant
c. gravitational
d. opposite
27) A 12kg rock falls from rest off a cliff and hits the ground in 1.5s. What is the rock's
momentum just before it hits the ground?
a. 8 kg x m/s
b. 18 kg x m/s
c. 96 kg x m/s
d. 176.4 kg x m/s
28) A convection current is transfer of heat energy in a fluid.
a. True
b. False
29) Whose principal states that when force is applied to a confined fluid, an increase in
pressure is transmitted equally to all parts of the fluid?
a. Bernoulli
b. Pascal
c. Newton

30)

Kinetic energy is considered to be stored energy.


a. True
b. False
31) Tires sliding on pavement when brakes are applied
a. mechanical energy
b. thermal energy
c. Chemical energy
d. nuclear energy
32) Whose principal states that the buoyant force on an object is equal to the weight of the
fluid displaced by the object?
a. Pascal
b. Bernoulli
c. Archimedes
33) Wheel radius is divided by axle radius to determine the mechanical advantage of a
wheel and axle.
a. True
b. False
The length of a ramp is divided by its height to determine the mechanical advantage of a wheel
and axle.
a. True
b. False
34)
pressure
is cause by particles hitting the walls of the container they are in.
A force.
B.pressure
C.density
D. vibration

35)
b.
c.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.

The tendency of an object to resist change in its motion is called


a. mass
friction
inertia
36) Converts mechanical energy to electrical energy
a. Molecule
Atom
Electricity
Generator
37) What are the two types of potential energy?
a. Elastic and matter
Elastic and gravitational
Elastic and speed
Speed and mass
38) A force that makes objects pull toward each other.
a. friction
gravity
gear

d. lever

39)

Running on a track is an example of potential energy.


a. True
b. False
40)
A state of matter that has a definite volume but has no definite shape.
a. liquid
b. solid
c. gas
41) You and a friend together apply a force of 1,000 N to a car, which makes the car roll 10m
in 1 min and 40s.
A. How much work did you and your friend do together?
B. What was the power output?
Push or pull
a. motion
force
speed
friction
43) A force is a
a. push or pull
weight
momentum
44)
A substance that flows.
a. gas
fluid
solid

42)
b.
c.
d.

b.
c.

b.
c.

Grade 7 :: Matter by msannie

45)
b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
b.
c.
d.

b.

having a definite shape and a definite volume


a. liquid
solid
gas
plasma
46) Distance traveled per unit time
a. force
motion
speed
a. mass and speed
mass and matter
speed and velocity
velocity and matter
47) Which of the following choices must velocity have?
a. mass
acceleration

c. reference direction
d. weight
48) Explain why dye dropped into a beaker of water will spread out until the entire beaker is
colored.
49) Teacher Mel is riding on a bus traveling with a velocity of 30 m/s North. Teacher Mel
decides to stand up and move towards the back of the bus. Teacher Mel's velocity is now 3
m/s South. What is Teacher Mel's combined velocity?
50) Thomas Edison filed for a patent on the light bulb on
.
a. April 1, 1900
b. November 9, 1959
c. December 1, 1556
d. November 1, 1879
e. November 15, 1850
51) The amount of time it takes consecutive wave crests or troughs to pass a given point is
called the
a. wavelength.
b. tsunami.
c. wave height.
d. wave period.
52) Nuclear fusion is how we create nuclear energy currently.
a. True
b. False
53) The highest point of a wave is called the trough.
a. True
b. False
54) What is a device that helps do work by either overcoming a force or changing the
direction of the applied force?
a. Work Input
b. Work output
c. Machines
d. Not Listed
55) A 12kg rock falls from rest off a cliff and hits the ground in 1.5s. Without considering air
resistance, what is the rock's velocity just before it hits the ground?
a. 18 m/s
b. 14.7 m/s
c. 117.6 m/s
d. 8 m /s
56) Energy is the ability to cause change.
a. True
b. False
a. Edwin Hubble
b. Isaac Newton
c. Thomas Jefferson
d. Albert Einstein
57) A beating heart is an example of which form of energy?

a. potential
b. kinetic
58) Electricity is the movement of
a. Electrons
b. Molecules
c. Atoms
d. Neutrons
59) The band of colours visible in a rainbow is called:
a. prism
b. visible spectrum
c. white light
Marco and Janice are playing tug of war. Marco is pulling at a force of 10 Newtons South.
Janice is pulling with a force of 12 Newtons North. Please predict the outcome of this tug of war
battle.
a. 2 Newtons of force, North , Janice is winning
b. 2 Newtons of force, South, Marco is winning
c. 22 Newtons of force, North, Janice is winning
d. 22 Newtons of force, South, Marco is winning
Grade 7 :: Energy and Momentum by jj1791

60)
b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

Which is an example of kinetic energy?


a. standing
no motion
walking
a battery
61) What is instantaneous speed?
a. Current speed
Speed over certain amount of time
Speed in certain direction
Another name for acceleration
62) Force that opposes motion between two surfaces
a. speed
acceleration
weight
friction
63) If you speed up from rest to 12 m/s in 3 seconds, what is your acceleration?
a. 4m
4 m/s/s
36 m
36 m /s/
64) Potential energy is
energy.
a. stored
motion
speed
mass

65)

If the particles are in a flexible container an increase in pressure will make


the
volume
increase
A. volume
B. surface area
C. motion
D. vibration

66)

Which of the following is the opposite of boiling?


a. evaporating
b. condensing
c. melting
d. freezing
67) A rock falls 10 meters down a cliff and it took 1.5 seconds to hit the ground. What is the
velocity of the rock just as it reaches the bottom?
a. 13.33 m/s
b. 6.67 m/s
c. 7.66 m/s
d. 10.5 m/s
68)
Newton's First Law of Motion states that an object at
rest
will remain at rest and
an object moving at constant velocity will continue moving at
a
constant
velocity, unless acted upon by
an
unbalanced
force.
69)
An object's inertia is effected by its mass.
a. True
b. False
70) A helium-filled balloon will float in air because
a. there is more air than helium.
b. helium is less dense than air.
c. helium is as dense as air.
d. helium is more dense than air.
71)
The temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to a liquid.
a. boiling point
b. melting point
c. pure substance
72) How many laws of motion did Isaac Newton create?
a. two
b. three
c. 6,753,891,777
d. four
73) Football player running for an touchdown
a. mechanical energy
b. thermal energy
c. chemical energy
d. radiant energy
74) A push or pull is also known as a

a. action
b. style
c. force
75) Force caused by objects rubbing together that slows moving objects.
a. gravity
b. load
c. friction
d. fulcrum
Grade 7 :: Fluid Mechanics by Teacher_T

76)
b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.

b.
c.
d.

b.

Fluid pressure is always directed


a. up.
down.
sideways.
in all directions.
77) Which of these is a gas?
a. helium
petrol
sand
cream
78) Marco and Janice are playing tug of war. Marco is pulling at a force of 10 Newtons
South. Janice is pulling with a force of 12 Newtons North. Please predict the outcome of this
tug of war battle.
a. 2 Newtons of force, North , Janice is winning
2 Newtons of force, South, Marco is winning
22 Newtons of force, North, Janice is winning
22 Newtons of force, South, Marco is winning
79) has a definite volume but no definite shape
a. solid
liquid
gas
plasma
80) How does increasing the density of a gas affect its pressure?
81)
The temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to a gas.
a. melting point
boiling point
mixture
82) The time that passes between one event and another
a. Speed
Time Warp
Time Line
Elapsed Time
83) Potential energy is considered to be energy in motion.
a. True
False

84)

A push or a pull.
a. wheel and axle
b. fulcrum
c. load
d. force
85) On the lever shown below, the distance from B to C is 2 feet and the distance from B to
A is 4 feet. What is the ideal mechanical advantage of the lever?

a. 0.5
b. 1.0
c. 2.0
d. 8.0

86)
b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.

b.
c.

Current moving in a wire


a. Mechanical energy
Thermal energy
Electrical energy
Nuclear energy
87) What is vaporization that occurs throughout a liquid
a. sublimation
vaporization
plasma
boiling
88) The unit to measure power is meters.
a. True
False
89) Every object persists in its state of rest or uniform motion in a straight line unless it is
compelled to change that state by forces impressed on it.
a. Motion
First Law of Motion
Third Law of Motion
90) Greg sets up the lever below to help him lift box A by pushing down at point C. If B is
located 50 cm from A and 150 cm from C, what is the ideal mechanical advantage of the

lever?

a. 1/3
b. 3
c. 5
d. 100
Grade 7 :: Heat Transfer by LBeth

91)
b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

Which has the most thermal energy?


a. 1 cup of cold water
1 gallon of cold water
1 cup of hot water
1 gallon of hot water
92) The force of attraction between any two objects that have mass
a. Energy
Force
Gravity
Speed
93) The distance traveled per unit of time
a. Force
Gravity
Speed
Energy
94) A polarizing filter is designed to
a. let light in
increase vibrations
block light out
help you get a sun tan
95)
Balanced forces
are equal forces acting on an object in opposite
directions.
96) An object's resistance to change in motion
a. Motion
Inertia
Friction
Mass

97)

Newton's third law of motion states that if one object exerts a force on another object,
then the second object exerts a force of equal strength in
the
opposite
direction on the first object.
98) Whispering creates
a. fast vibrations
b. slow vibrations
c. no vibrations
d. loud vibrations
99) Which direction should the magnetic field lines point at the end of the south pole of the
bar magnet below?

a.
b.
c.
d.

100)

Amount of matter in an object or a measure or the inertia of an object


a. light
b. mass
c. heavy
d. solid
Grade 7 :: Energy and Momentum by Teacher_T

101)
b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.

b.
c.
d.

What is the unit for work?


a. joule
joule per second
newton
watt
102) The particles of
shake violently at very high temperatures.
a. solids
liquids
gases
plasma
103) How much power is needed to complete 150 Joules of work in 40 seconds? Don't forget
to label your answer.
a. 3.75 (3 3/4) watts
600 watts
14 watts
104) Speed of an object, but in a specific direction
a. Velocity
Gravity
Friction
Speed

105)
b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.

b.
c.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.

b.
c.

b.
c.

What two things you need to know in order to calculate work?


a. Force and time
Force and distance
Force and power
Energy and distance
106) These two factors determine the strength of the force of friction:
a. speed and light
how fast the objects are going and on what planet
how big the objects are and how hard you push them
how hard the surfaces push together and the types of surfaces involved
107) Work is being done when
a. you apply force to an object.
an object is moving after you applied force to it.
you exert a force that moves an object in the direction of the force.
you do something that is difficult.
108) The ability to do work.
a. force
energy
pulley
109)
A state of matter that has a definite shape and definite volume.
a. liquid
solid
gas
110) A ramp is a type of
.
a. lever
machine
matter
extension
111) Which of the following supports an observation that both popcorn and polystyrene foam
can act as insulators?
a. Both can create regions of trapped air.
Both are polymers
Both will float on water.
Both are good conductors of heat and electricity.
112) A rocket taking off into space is an example of Newton's Third Law of Motion.
a. True
False
113) The force of gravity on a person or object at the surface of a planet is called
a. mass
gravity
weight
114)
The change from the liquid to the gas state of matter.
a. freezing
vaporization
melting

115)

A battery is a form of stored energy as known as chemical potential.


a. True
b. False
116) Electricity is the movement of
a. Molecules
b. Electrons
c. Atoms
d. Neutrons
117) A wheel with jagged edges like teeth.
a. pulley
b. gear
c. wheel and axle
118)
The change in state from a liquid to a solid.
a. melting
b. boiling
c. freezing
119) The matter that a wave moves through is called the
medium
120) Which of these would be the best conductor of electricity?
a. hydrogen
b. copper
c. chloride
d. neon
121) The best definition of force is:
a. a push or pull
b. stored energy
c. energy in motion
d. anything that takes up space
122) The distance between E and H is called
.

a. a crest
b. a wavelength
c. the amplitude
d. the frequency

123)

Which statement correctly compares Wave A and Wave B?

a. Wave A has a greater amplitude than Wave B


b. Wave B has a greater amplitude than Wave A
c. Wave A has a greater wavelength than Wave B
d. Wave B has a greater wavelength than Wave A
124) The diagram shows a transverse wave.

a. True
b. False
125) Waves do not carry
matter.
A.pressure
B.sound
C.vibration
D.matter
126) Objects that emit light are
a. illuminated
b. luminous
c. opaque
d. transparent
127) If a solid object is taken into space, which of the following measurements of the object
will change most?
a. density
b. mass
c. volume
d. weight

128)

Which diagram depicts the waves interacting destructively?

a.

b.

129)
b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

Speed tells how fast an object travels. Velocity is the speed of the object
and
.
a. the amount of time the object has been moving
the direction the object is moving
how far the object has traveled
the starting point of the object
130) The amount of electricity that is flowing around a circuit is
.
a. ammeter
battery
current
altitude
153.If an object masses 200 grams, what is the weight of this object?
a. 4.95 N
180.16 N
1.96 N
None of the above
154.The mass of a certain object on Earth is 6.0 kg, and the weight of the object 60 N. The force
of gravity on the Moon is about one-sixth the force of gravity on Earth. What are the
approximate mass and approximate weight of the same object on the Moon?
a. mass - 1.0 kg; weight - 10 N
mass - 6.0 kg; weight - 10 N
mass - 6.0 kg; weight - 360 N
mass - 36.0 kg; weight - 360 N

b.

b.
c.
d.

b.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

155.If one bulb breaks and the bulbs in the other branches stay lite you have a
.
a. Series Circuit
Parallel Circuit
156.We use this device to measure current in the unit amps(A).
a. ammeter
weight boat
scale
barometer
157.If one bulb fails and all the others turn off then you are dealing with a
.
a. Series Circuit
Parallel Circuit
158.The transfer of thermal energy between materials by the collision of particles.
a. Conduction
Thermal Conductor
Convection
Specific Heat
159.The transfer of thermal energy from one material to another by electromagnetic waves.
a. Convection Current
Temperature
Radiation
Heat
160.The gravitational force between 1kg of lead and Earth is
the gravitational force
between 1kg of marshmallows and Earth.
a. greater than
less than
the same as
None of the above
161.A boy felt the sound level to be too high in his room. So he turns the knob of his music
system to make it quieter. What physical property of the sound changes due to this and how
does it change?
a. The frequency increases
The amplitude increases
The amplitude decreases
The frequency decreases
162.A wave in which matter moves forward and backward in the same direction that waves
move.
a. transverse
mechanical
compressional
water
163.Weight is the measurement of the force of
on an object.
a. gravity
sliding friction
fluid friction
velocity
164.A mechanical wave can travel only through....
a. space

b. matter
165.Two blocks composed of different material each mass 25 g, but each block has a different
volume. If one of the blocks is located on the Moon and Block B is located on Earth, what
property do these two blocks have in common?
a. they have the same mass
b. they have the same weight
c. they have the same volume
d. they have the same surface area
166. Is s material through which thermal energy flows easily.
a. Thermal Contraction
b. Temperature
c. Thermal Conductor
d. Convection Current
167. The three states of matter are
solid
,
liquid
and
gases
168. At what temperature does water freeze in degrees Celsius?
a. 10
b. 100
c. 32
d. 0
169. In what state of matter do molecules bounce of one another rapidly and act freely
a. solid
b. liquid
c. gas
d. air
170. Is the sum of the kinetic energy and the potential energy in the particles that make up a
material.
a. Thermal Energy
b. Thermal Conductor
c. Temperature
d. Heat
171.
Rolling friction
occurs when two solid surfaces slide over each
other.
172 .the bouncing off or turning back of light from a surface
a. reflection
b. refraction
c. retraction
d. imaging
173. Thermal energy can be transferred by
a. conduction only
b. convection only
c. radiation only
d. conduction, convection, and radiation
174. The speed of a falling object is slowed by air resistance.
a. True
b. False
175. Blowing into an almost empty bottle produces
a. a high pitch sound

b. no sound
c. a low pitch sound
176.
is electromagnetic energy that travels in transverse waves
A. radiant energy
B. electrical energy
C. thermal energy
D. nuclear energy

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.

b.
c.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

177. A packet, or bundle of light energy is called a(n)


a. proton
wave
photon
electron
178. The distance between to consecutive crests or troughs is called
a. wavelength
amplitude
speed
frequency
179.
An object in motion remains in motion unless acted on by an unbalanced force.
a. True
False
180. The force that pulls objects toward Earth is called
a. mass
gravity
inertia
181. The ability to do work
a. Force
Energy
Speed
Gravity
182. Which of the following is not a projectile?
a. a satellite
a thrown ball
a ball on the ground
a soaring arrow
183. At a speed of 7.5 m/s, how far can you run in 40 seconds?
a. 5.3m
.1875m
300m
47.5m
184.
is the only type of energy that can travel through space.
A. radiant
B. nuclear
C. thermal
D. electrical

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.

b.

185. You hold a magnetic compass and observe the needle spin until it points north. The north
end of the compass needle points toward the earth's
a. magnetic north pole
magnetic south pole
geographic north pole
geographic south pole
186. Another way of stating Newton's Third Law of Motion is:
a. for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction
falling bodies always fall at a constant velocity
acceleration is the force that moves cars
balanced forces do not change an object's motion
187. Stored Energy is called Kinetic Energy
a. True
False
188. Find the average acceleration. John's final velocity was 26 m/s west. His starting velocity
was 1 m/s west. It took John 5 seconds to change velocities. What is John's acceleration?
a. 12 m/s
5 m/s
12 m/s/s west
5 m/s/s west
189. The force that one surface exerts on another when the two rub against each other is called
a. mass
friction
inertia
190. States that energy cannot be created or destroyed
a. Law of Speed
Law of Energy
Law of Conservation of Energy
Law of Universal Gravitation
191.
&
made reading glasses and built the first
compound microscope.
a. Hans & Zachary Hannsen
Zans & Zacharias Fannsen
Hans & Zacharias Jannsen
Hans & Zacharas Jannsen
192. What is power?
a. the strength of someone or something
the force that is used
the work that is done
the rate at which work is done
193. Potential Energy is energy in motion
a. True
False
194. Speed is equal to distance divided by time
a. True
False
195. Alexander Graham Bell is best known for which invention:

b.
c.
d.
e.

b.
c.

b.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.

b.
c.
d.

a. the blender
the 2-ton scale
the telephone
the telescope
the MP3 player
196.
A state of matter that has no definite shape or volume.
a. liquid
solid
gas
197. In a simple circuit the current measured at any spot, is the not the same measurement in
amps as anywhere along the circuit.
a. True
False
198. Is a material through which thermal energy does not flow easily.
a. Thermal Energy
Thermal Conductor
Thermal Insulator
Temperature
199. In a circuit that has one bulb with a Amp reading of 0.2 and you add a second bulb your
new reading is
A.
a. 0.2
0.5
0.1
200. The transfer of energy that occurs when molecules bump into one another.
a. radiation
conduction
convection
coriolis effect
201. The movement of thermal energy from a warmer object to a cooler object.
a. Thermal Energy
Heat
Temperature
Specific Heat
202. According to the Law of Universal Gravitation, which two objects have the greatest
gravitational force?
a. You and the earth
An elephant and the earth
You and the elephant
203. Is an increase in a material's volume when its temperature increases.
a. Heat
Thermal Conductor
Thermal Expansion
Thermal Energy

204. Which best describes the motion of the object recorded in data table below?

b.
c.
d.

b.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

b.
c.
d.

a. it does not move


it maintains a constant speed
it undergoes positive acceleration
it undergoes negative acceleration
205. According to Newton's first law of motion, a mass in motion remains in motion unless acted
upon by some force.
a. True
False
206. The average kinetic energy of the particles that make up a material.
a. Heat
Kinetic Energy
Temperature
Thermal Energy
207. How would the measurable properties of a golf ball change if it were moved from Earth to
the Moon?
a. It would have the same mass, but a different weight
It would have the same weight, but a different mass
It would have the same density, but a different mass
It would have the same mass, but a different density
208. What is friction?
a. A force
A substance
A solid
A gas
209. Which of the following best explains the scenario below?

On a summer morning, John walks barefoot across his paved driveway with no problem.
However, later that afternoon he steps barefoot onto the same driveway and must quickly run off
because the bottoms of his feet feel like they are burning.
a. as the temperature increased during the day, the particles in the pavement moved
slower and the thermal energy increased
b. as the temperature increased during the day, the particles in the pavement moved slower and
the thermal energy decreased
c. as the temperature increased during the day, the particles in the pavement moved faster and
the thermal energy increased

d. as the temperature increased during the day, the particles in the pavement moved faster and
the thermal energy decreased
210. The highest point on a wave.
a. trough
b. wave
c. crest
d. bones
211. Is a decrease in a material's volume when its temperature decreases.
a. Thermal Contraction
b. Conduction
c. Convection
d. Radiation
212. Waves on any surface of water.
a. water wave
b. sound wave
c. sound
d. earthquake
213. Longitudinal wave in an elastic medium producing an audible sensation.
a. water
b. sound wave
c. hypothesis
d. space
214. Calculate the ideal mechanical advantage of the lever shown, given the following
distances:
B to A is 2 meters
A to C is 1 meter

a. 0.5
b. 1.0
c. 1.5
d. 2.0
215. What is the time it takes to go through a complete wavelength?
a. Wavelength
b. Wave period
c. Frequency
d. Infrared light

216. The amount of thermal energy required to increase the temperature of 1 kg of a material by
1 degree C.
a. Thermal Energy
b. Specific Heat
c. Heat
d. Radiation