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Invacare

TDX SP Series
TDX SP2 Series
SERVICE MANUAL

Edition: 1532486 Vers. 011 - 06.10.2014

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

These instructions contain information about:


Testing work
Repair Instructions
This manual is part of the instructions for use.

Service addresses
Invacare Austria GmbH

(:

+43 6232 5 53 50

Herzog Odilostrasse 101

Fax:

+43 6232 5 53 54

A-5310 Mondsee

@:

Austria

WWW:

info@invacare-austria.com

Invacare n.v.

(:

Autobaan 22

Fax:

B-8210 Loppem (Brugge)

@:

Belgium

WWW:

Invacare AG

(:

+41 (0)61487 70 80

Benkenstrae 260

Fax:

+41 (0)61487 70 81

www.invacare.at

+32 (0)50 83 10 10
+32 (0)50 83 10 11
belgium@invacare.com
www.invacare.be

CH-4108 Witterswil

@:

Switzerland

WWW:

switzerland@invacare.com

Invacare Aquatec GmbH

Alemannenstrae 10

Fax

88316 Isny

@:

Deutschland

WWW:

Invacare A/S

( (Kundeservice):

Sdr. Ringvej 37

Fax (Kundeservice):

DK-2605 Brndby

@:

Danmark

WWW:

Invacare SA

(:

+34 (0)972 49 32 00

c/ Areny s/n

Fax:

+34 (0)972 49 32 20

Polgon Industrial de Celr

@:

E-17460 Celr (Girona)

WWW:

www.invacare.ch
+49 (0)7562 70 00
+49 (0)7562 7 00 66
info@invacare-aquatec.com
www.invacare-aquatec.de
+45 (0)36 90 00 00
+45 (0)36 90 00 01
denmark@invacare.com
www.invacare.dk

contactsp@invacare.com
www.invacare.es

ESPAA
Invacare Poirier SAS

(:

+33 (0)247 62 64 66

Route de St Roch

Fax:

+33 (0)247 42 12 24

F-37230 Fondettes

@:

France

WWW:

Invacare Ltd

( (Customer services):

+44 (0)1656 77 62 22

Pencoed Technology Park

Fax (Customer services):

+44 (0)1656 77 62 20

Pencoed

@:

Bridgend CF35 5HZ

WWW:

contactfr@invacare.com
www.invacare.fr

uk@invacare.com
www.invacare.co.uk

United Kingdom

Invacare Mecc San s.r.l.

(:

Via dei Pini, 62

Fax:

I - 36016 Thiene (VI)

@:

Italia

WWW:

+39 0445 38 00 59
+39 0445 38 00 34
italia@invacare.com
www.invacare.it

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare Ireland Ltd.

(:

+353 18 10 70 84

Unit 5 Seatown Business Campus

Fax:

+353 18 10 70 85

Seatown Rd, Swords

@:

County Dublin

WWW:

ireland@invacare.com
www.invacare.ie

Ireland
Invacare AS

( (Kundeservice):

Grensesvingen 9

Fax (Kundeservice):

Postboks 6230

@:

norway@invacare.com

Etterstad

@:

island@invacare.com

N-0603 Oslo

WWW:

+47 (0)22 57 95 00
+47 (0)22 57 95 01

www.invacare.no

Norge
Invacare B.V.

(:

+31 (0)318 69 57 57

Celsiusstraat 46

Fax:

+31 (0)318 69 57 58

NL-6716 BZ Ede

@:

nederland@invacare.com

Nederland

@:

csede@invacare.com

WWW:

www.invacare.nl

Invacare Lda

(:

+351 225 10 59 46

Rua Estrada Velha, 949

(:

+351 225 10 59 47

P-4465-784 Lea do Balio

Fax:

Portugal

@:
WWW:

+351 225 10 57 39
portugal@invacare.com
www.invacare.pt

terfrsljare:

( (Kundtjnst):

Invacare AB

Fax (Kundtjnst):

Fagerstagatan 9

@:

sweden@invacare.com

S-163 91 Spnga

@:

finland@invacare.com

Sverige

WWW:

Tillverkare:

MLNDAL

Invacare Deutschland GmbH

(:

Kleiststrae 49

Fax:

D-32457 Porta Westfalica

@:

+46 (0)8 761 70 90


+46 (0)8 761 81 08

www.invacare.se

+46 (0)31 86 36 00
+46 (0)31 86 36 06
ginvacare@invacare.com

Deutschland
LANDSKRONA
(:
Fax:
@:

+46 (0)418 2 85 40
+46 (0)418 1 80 89
linvacare@invacare.com

OSKARSHAMN
(:
Fax:

Eastern
european
countries

+46 (0)491 1 01 40
+46 (0)491 1 01 80

@:

oinvacare@invacare.com

European Distributor
Organisation (EDO)

+49 (0)5731 75 45 40

Fax

+49 (0)5731 75 45 41

Kleiststrae 49

@:

D-32457 Porta Westfalica

WWW:

edo@invacare.com
www.invacare.de

Deutschland

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Contents
Chapter

Introduction
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5

8.2

21
24

Drive fault diagnosis ............................................................................................................... 25


REM remotes: Error codes and diagnostic codes ............................................................... 29
Shark 2 remote: Error codes and diagnostic codes ............................................................ 31
Diagnosis of charging device faults ...................................................................................... 32

33

Testing the motor .................................................................................................................... 33


Testing the electro-mechanical parking brake ..................................................................... 34

Repair work
8.1

14
15

Overview ................................................................................................................................... 15
Electronic modules.................................................................................................................. 17
4.2.1 ACS2 electronic module ............................................................................................... 19
4.2.2 ACS2 PMA90L electronic module................................................................................. 19
4.2.3 Shark electronic module ............................................................................................... 19
4.2.3.1
Shark with DCI 12-pole ............................................................................................ 19
4.2.4 ACT actuator module .................................................................................................... 19
4.2.4.1
ACT 2 actuator module ............................................................................................ 20
4.2.4.2
ACT 4 actuator module ............................................................................................ 20
4.2.5 Lighting PCB ................................................................................................................. 20

Test procedures
7.1
7.2

12

Before any inspection or repair work .................................................................................... 12


Personal safety equipment ..................................................................................................... 12
General safety information and information about fitting / removal .................................. 12

Service plan (1x annually)


Operational faults
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4

General information .................................................................................................................. 8


Notes on transport .................................................................................................................... 8
Definition and representation of information and safety information in this manual ........ 9
Hazard symbols and symbols used ....................................................................................... 10
Images in this manual ............................................................................................................. 11

Tightening torques
Layout of components and componentry
4.1
4.2

5
6

Safety and fitting instructions


2.1
2.2
2.3

3
4

Page

36
NB

Covers (TDX SP / TDX SP ) ................................................................................................... 36


8.1.1 Opening the front panel ................................................................................................ 36
8.1.2 Opening the rear cover panel ....................................................................................... 37
8.1.2.1
Rear cover without an operating hours counter ....................................................... 37
8.1.2.2
Rear cover with an operating hours counter ............................................................ 38
8.1.3 Opening the top cover panel ......................................................................................... 39
8.1.4 Replacing the splash guard .......................................................................................... 40
NB
Covers (TDX SP2/ TDX SP2 ) ................................................................................................ 41
8.2.1 Opening the front panel ................................................................................................ 41
8.2.2 Opening the rear cover panel ....................................................................................... 42
8.2.2.1
Rear cover without an operating hours counter ....................................................... 42
8.2.2.2
Rear cover with an operating hours counter ............................................................ 43
8.2.3 Opening the top cover panel ......................................................................................... 44
8.2.4 Replacing the splash guard .......................................................................................... 45

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.3

8.4
8.5

8.6
8.7
8.8

8.9

8.10

8.11

8.12

8.13

SERVICE MANUAL

Electronic module.................................................................................................................... 46
8.3.1 Replacing the remote .................................................................................................... 46
8.3.2 Replacing the electronic module ................................................................................... 46
8.3.3 Replacing the G-Trac sensor ........................................................................................ 50
8.3.4 Replacing the operating hours counter / connecting cable ........................................... 51
8.3.5 Drive program selection after component replacement ................................................ 54
8.3.5.1
Profile selection with remote REM A or REM B ....................................................... 54
8.3.5.2
Profile selection with remote REM 550 .................................................................... 55
Updating the driving program ................................................................................................ 56
Batteries, cables & battery charger ....................................................................................... 57
8.5.1 Making the batteries accessible .................................................................................... 57
8.5.2 Replacing batteries (TDX SP / TDX SP2)..................................................................... 59
NB
NB
8.5.3 Replacing batteries / replacing battery cables (TDX SP / TDX SP2 ) ..................... 61
8.5.4 Correct handling of damaged batteries ......................................................................... 63
8.5.5 Checking and replacing the main fuse (TDX SP /TDX SP2) ........................................ 64
NB
NB
8.5.6 Replacing the main fuse (TDX SP / TDX SP2 ) ...................................................... 65
8.5.7 Checking the cable ....................................................................................................... 66
8.5.8 Cable routing................................................................................................................. 68
Battery carrier .......................................................................................................................... 69
Replacing the battery case ..................................................................................................... 70
Lighting unit ............................................................................................................................. 71
8.8.1 Replacing the front bulb (conventional lighting system)................................................ 71
8.8.2 Replacing the front headlight complete (conventional lighting system) ........................ 72
8.8.3 Replacing the front headlight complete- TDX SP2 (LED lighting system) .................... 74
8.8.4 Replacing the front bulbholder (conventional lighting system)...................................... 76
NB
8.8.5 Replacing the front bulbholder - TDX SP2 / TDX SP (conventional lighting system) 77
8.8.6 Replacing the front bulbholder - TDX SP2 (LED lighting system) ................................ 78
8.8.7 Replacing the front bulbholder (LED lighting system) ................................................... 79
8.8.8 Replacing the rear bulb (conventional lighting system) ................................................ 80
8.8.9 Replacing the rear light complete (conventional lighting system up to 08/2014) .......... 81
8.8.10 Replacing the rear light complete (conventional lighting system starting 08/2014) ...... 83
8.8.11 Replacing the rear light complete - TDX SP2 (conventional lighting system) ............... 85
8.8.12 Replacing the rear light complete - TDX SP2 (LED lighting system) ............................ 87
8.8.13 Replacing the rear bulbholder (conventional lighting system until 08/2014) ................. 89
8.8.14 Replacing the rear bulbholder (conventional lighting system until 08/2014) ................. 90
8.8.15 Replacing the rear bulbholder - TDX SP2 (conventional lighting system) .................... 91
Wheel forks front/rear ............................................................................................................. 92
8.9.1 Replacing the wheel fork............................................................................................... 92
8.9.2 Adjusting the wheel fork ................................................................................................ 94
8.9.3 Replacing the wheels on double-sided wheel forks ...................................................... 95
Drive wheels ............................................................................................................................. 96
8.10.1 Replacing the drive wheel ............................................................................................. 96
8.10.2 Replacing the tyre or inner tube .................................................................................... 97
8.10.2.1 Replacing pneumatic tyres ...................................................................................... 97
8.10.2.2 Replacing puncture-protected tyres ......................................................................... 99
8.10.2.3 Replacing puncture-proof tyres .............................................................................. 101
8.10.3 Replacing the drive wheel hub (Standard motor)........................................................ 102
8.10.4 Replacing the drive wheel hub (SSD motor) ............................................................... 103
Rear wheel suspension ......................................................................................................... 104
8.11.1 Removing the rear wheel suspension ......................................................................... 104
8.11.2 Removing the rear wheel suspension alternative method ....................................... 106
8.11.3 Refitting the rear wheel suspension ............................................................................ 108
8.11.4 Refitting the rear wheel suspension alternative method .......................................... 109
Rear springs ........................................................................................................................... 111
8.12.1 Removing the rear springs .......................................................................................... 111
8.12.2 Refitting the rear springs ............................................................................................. 113
Bottom walking beam ........................................................................................................... 115

SERVICE MANUAL

8.14

8.15

8.16
8.17
8.18

8.19
8.20

8.21

8.22

8.23

8.24

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Top walking beam ................................................................................................................. 116


8.14.1 Removing the top walking beam ................................................................................. 116
8.14.2 Refitting the top walking beam .................................................................................... 118
Drive unit ................................................................................................................................ 120
8.15.1 Replacing the motor/transmission unit (Standard motor) ........................................... 120
8.15.2 Replacing the motor/transmission unit (SSD motor) .................................................. 122
8.15.3 Replacing or rotating the motor / gearbox unit sealing ring (SSD motor) ................... 124
8.15.4 Replacing the motor/transmission clutch (Standard Motor) ........................................ 126
8.15.5 Replacing the motor/transmission clutch (SSD Motor) ............................................... 128
8.15.6 Replacing the carbon brushes (SSD motor) ............................................................... 130
8.15.7 Replacing the carbon brushes (Standard motor) ........................................................ 132
Replacing the rubber bumper .............................................................................................. 134
Castor housing front ............................................................................................................. 135
Seat system ............................................................................................................................ 136
8.18.1 Replacing tilt module / lifter module ............................................................................ 136
8.18.1.1 Replacing the tilt module (max. > 30) (without a lifter) ......................................... 136
8.18.1.2 Replacing the tilt module (max. < 30) (without a lifter) ......................................... 141
8.18.2 Replacing the lifter / tilt module ................................................................................... 144
8.18.3 Replacing the tilt actuator ........................................................................................... 148
8.18.4 Replacing the lifter actuator ........................................................................................ 150
8.18.4.1 Method 1 - Removing the lifter actuator when the lifter is raised ........................... 150
8.18.4.2 Method 2 - Removing the lifter actuator when the lifter is lowered ........................ 152
8.18.5 Seat support................................................................................................................ 156
Backrest Unit.......................................................................................................................... 158
8.19.1 Adjusting backrest former ........................................................................................... 158
Seat system Modulite ............................................................................................................ 159
8.20.1 Replacing the tilt actuator ........................................................................................... 159
8.20.2 Replacing the lifter actuator ........................................................................................ 160
8.20.3 Replacing the lifter / seat angle adjustment module ................................................... 161
8.20.4 Replacing the backrest actuator ................................................................................. 164
8.20.5 Replacing the seat support (without lifter or tilt modules) ........................................... 165
Backrest Modulite .................................................................................................................. 168
8.21.1 Replacing the standard backrest ................................................................................ 168
8.21.2 Replacing the backrest mounting bracket .................................................................. 169
8.21.3 Replacing the backrest mounting bracket for SB 53 .................................................. 170
Adjusting the seat width/ backrest width (Modulite) ......................................................... 171
8.22.1 Adjusting the seat width .............................................................................................. 171
8.22.2 Adjusting the backrest width ....................................................................................... 173
8.22.3 Adjusting the Flex3 backrest....................................................................................... 175
Centre-mounted legrest (electric & manual) ....................................................................... 176
8.23.1 Replacing the manually operated centre-mounted legrest ......................................... 176
8.23.2 Replacing the electrically operated centre-mounted legrest ....................................... 179
8.23.3 Replacing the electrically operated centre-mounted legrest LNX (Modulite seat) ...... 181
8.23.4 Replacing an electric legrest actuator ......................................................................... 182
8.23.5 Replacing an electric legrest actuator ......................................................................... 184
8.23.6 Replacing the calf plate on the centre-mounted legrest (electric & manual) .............. 186
8.23.7 Replacing the foot plate on the centre-mounted legrest (electric & manual) .............. 189
Stability lock system ............................................................................................................. 192
8.24.1 Removing the gas cylinder .......................................................................................... 192
8.24.2 Repairing the gas cylinder .......................................................................................... 195
8.24.2.1 Replacing the guide block fixing or clamping support ........................................... 195
8.24.2.2 Replacing the guide bush ...................................................................................... 196
8.24.2.3 Replacing the gas cylinder ..................................................................................... 196
8.24.3 Refitting the gas cylinder ............................................................................................. 197
8.24.4 Replacing the setting screw ........................................................................................ 199
8.24.5 Adjusting the setting screw ......................................................................................... 202

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Installing accessories
9.1
9.2

9.3
9.4

10.2

203

Replacing the safety belt ...................................................................................................... 203


Replacing seat belts (Modulite seat) ................................................................................... 204
9.2.1 Installation on the backrest mounting bracket (simple backrest) ................................ 204
9.2.2 Installation on the backrest mounting bracket (adjustable seat) ................................. 205
9.2.3 Installation on the seat frame profile (adjustable seat) ............................................... 206
NB
DAHL docking station (TDX SP2 / TDX SP2 ) ................................................................... 207
Further accessories............................................................................................................... 208

10 Adjusting the seating position


10.1

SERVICE MANUAL

209

Adjusting the lower leg length and seat depth ................................................................... 210
10.1.1 Adjusting the lower leg length ..................................................................................... 210
10.1.2 Adjusting the seat depth ............................................................................................. 210
Adjusting the center of gravity of the seat .......................................................................... 211
10.2.1 Standard seat.............................................................................................................. 213
10.2.2 Modulite seat............................................................................................................... 213
10.2.2.1 Adjustable seats .................................................................................................... 213
NB
10.2.2.2 Simple seat (TDX SP / TDX SP ) ........................................................................ 214
NB
10.2.2.3 Simple seat (TDX SP2/ TDX SP2 ) ..................................................................... 215

SERVICE MANUAL

Introduction

1.1

General information

1.2

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Service and maintenance work must be carried out taking this service manual into account.

It is imperative that you observe safety information.

Information about operation or about general maintenance and care work on the mobility aid
should be taken from the operating manual.

You can find information about ordering spare parts in the spare parts catalogue.

Only use original Invacare spare parts. The guarantee will become invalid if other spare parts
are used!

We reserve the right to make any alterations on the grounds of technical improvements.

The mobility aid may only be maintained and overhauled by qualified personnel.

The minimum requirement for service technicians is suitable training, such as in the cycle or
orthopaedic mechanics fields, or sufficiently long-term job experience.
- Experience in the use of electrical measuring equipment (multimeters) is also a requirement.
- Special Invacare training is recommended.

Alterations to the mobility aid which occur as a result of incorrectly or improperly executed
maintenance or overhaul work lead to the exclusion of all liability on the side of INVACARE.

If you have any problems or questions please contact Invacare Service.

Notes on transport

If the mobility aid has to be shipped back to the manufacturer for major repairs, you should
always use the original packaging for transport.

Please attach a precise description of the fault.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

1.3

SERVICE MANUAL

Definition and representation of information and safety


information in this manual
Different types of information and signal words are used throughout this manual.
HAZARD!
The signal word "HAZARD!" refers to immediate hazards.
The following lines in italics refer to actions which serve to avoid such hazards.
WARNING!
The signal word "WARNING!" refers to possibly-occurring hazards which can lead to
death or serious injuries if they are not avoided.
The following lines in italics refer to actions which serve to avoid such hazards.
ATTENTION!
The signal word " ATTENTION!" refers to possibly-occurring hazards which can lead to
minor injuries and/or material damage if they are not avoided.
The following lines in italics refer to actions which serve to avoid such hazards.
CAUTION!
The signal word "CAUTION!" refers to hazards which could lead to material damage if they
are not avoided.
The following lines in italics refer to actions which serve to avoid such hazards.
Note
The signal word "Note" is used to denote general information which simplifies the handling of
your product and refers to special functions.

SERVICE MANUAL

1.4

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Hazard symbols and symbols used


Different types of hazard symbols and symbols are used throughout this manual.
General hazards
This symbol warns you of general hazards!
Always follow the instructions to avoid injury to the user or damage to the product!
BURN HAZARD!
This symbol warns you of the danger of chemical burns, for example due to the discharge
of battery acids!
Always follow the instructions to avoid injury to the user or damage to the product!
DANGER OF CRUSHING!
This symbol warns you of crushing hazards due to inattentive working with heavy
components.
Always follow the instructions to avoid injury to the user or damage to the product!
EXPLOSION HAZARD!
This symbol warns you of an explosion hazard, which can be caused by excessive tyre
pressure in a pneumatic tyre.
Always follow the instructions to avoid injury to the user or damage to the product!
Wear safety shoes
The symbol refers to the requirement for wearing safety shoes.
Wear standardised safety shoes during all work.
Wear eye protection
This symbol refers to the requirement for wearing eye protection, for example when
working with batteries.
Wear eye protection when this symbol is shown.
Wear safety gloves
This symbol refers to the requirement for wearing safety gloves, for example when
working with batteries.
Wear safety gloves when this symbol is shown.
Note
This symbol identifies general information which is intended to simplify working with your product
and which refers to special functions.
Requirements:
This symbol identifies a list of various tools, components and items which you will need in
order to carry out certain work. Please do not attempt to carry out the work if you do not have
the listed tools available.
Always dispose used or damaged batteries correctly
The symbol refers to information for the correct disposal of used or damaged batteries.

10

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

1.5

SERVICE MANUAL

Images in this manual


The detailed images in this manual are given digits to identify various components. Component
numbers in text and operational instructions always relate to the image directly above.

11

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Safety and fitting instructions


These safety instructions are intended to prevent accidents at work, and it is imperative that they
are observed.

2.1

2.2

Before any inspection or repair work

Read and observe this repair manual and the associated operating manual!

Observe the minimum requirements for carrying out the work (see chapter entitled General
information)!

Personal safety equipment


Safety shoes
The mobility device, and some of its components, are very heavy. These parts can result
in injuries to the feet if they are allowed to drop.
Wear standardised safety shoes during all work.
Eye protection
It is possible that battery acid can be discharged when working on defective batteries or
when handling batteries improperly.
Always wear eye protection when working on any defective or possibly defective batteries.
Safety gloves
It is possible that battery acid can be discharged when working on defective batteries or
when handling batteries improperly.
Always wear acid-proof safety gloves when working on any defective or possibly defective
batteries.

2.3

General safety information and information about fitting / removal


WARNING: Danger of crushing!
Various components such as the drive unit, batteries, seat etc are very heavy. This results
in injury hazards to your hands!
Please note the high weight of some components! This applies especially to the removal of
drive units, batteries and the seat.
WARNING!
Injury hazard if the vehicle starts moving unintentionally during repair work!
Switch the power supply off (ON/OFF key)!
Engage the drive!
Before raising the vehicle, secure the wheels by blocking them with wedges!
ATTENTION!
Fire and burn hazard due to electrical short-circuit!
The mobility device must be completely switched off before removal of voltage-carrying
components! To do this, remove the batteries.
Avoid short-circuiting the contacts when carrying out measurements on voltage-carrying
components!

12

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

CAUTION!
Danger of burns from hot surfaces on the motor!
Allow the motors to cool down before commencing work on them.
ATTENTION!
Injury hazard and danger of damage to vehicle due to improper or incomplete
maintenance work!
Use only undamaged tools in good condition.
Some moving parts are mounted in sockets with PTFE coating (Teflon). Never grease these
sockets!
Never use "normal" nuts instead of self-locking nuts.
Always use correctly-dimensioned washers and spacers
When reassembling, always replace any cable ties which were cut during dismantling.
After completing your work / before renewed start-up of the mobility device, check all
connections for tight fitting.
After completing your work / before renewed start-up of the mobility device, check all parts for
correct locking.
Only operate the vehicle with the approved tyre pressures (see technical data).
Check all electrical components for correct function. Please note that incorrect polarity can
result in damage to the electronics.
Always carry out a trial run at the end of your work.
CAUTION!
Danger of injury and damage to property, if the maximum speed reduction on a
wheelchair with a lifter does not function correctly!
The wheelchairs control unit must reduce the maximum possible speed as soon as the
lifter is raised.
Test the maximum speed reduction for correct function after any maintenance work or
modifications to the wheelchair.
Note
Mark all current settings for the wheelchair (seat, armrests, backrest etc.), and the associated
cable connecting plugs, before dismantling. This makes reassembly easier.
All plugs are fitted with mechanical safety devices which prevent release of the connecting plugs
during operation. To release the connecting plugs the safety devices must be pressed in. When
reassembling ensure that these safety devices are correctly engaged.
WARNING!
Any changes to the drive program can affect the driving characteristics and the tipping
stability of the vehicle!
Changes to the drive program may only be carried out by trained Invacare specialist
dealers!
Invacare supplies all wheelchairs with a standard drive program ex-works. Invacare can
only give a warranty for safe vehicle driving behaviour - especially tipping stability - for this
standard drive program!

13

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Tightening torques
The tightening torques stated in the following list are based on the thread diameter for the nuts and
bolts for which no specific values have been determined. All values assume dry and de-greased
threads.
CAUTION!
Damage can be caused to the mobility device due to improperly tightened screws, nuts or
plastic connections.
Always tighten screws, nuts etc to the stated tightening torque.
Only tighten screws or nuts which are not listed here fingertight.

Thread

M4

M5

M6

M8

M10

M12

Tightening torque in
Nm 10%

3 Nm

6 Nm

10 Nm

25 Nm

49 Nm

80 Nm

UNC Thread

14

Tightening torque
in Nm

1/4"-20

11-7 Nm

5/16"-20

22-14 Nm

3/8"-16

41-25 Nm

7/16"-14

67-40 Nm

1/2"-13

100-60 Nm

9/16"-12

150-90 Nm

5/8"-11

210-130 Nm

3/4"-1

370-230 Nm

7/6"-9

600-370 Nm

1"-8

900-550 Nm

M14

M16

120 Nm 180 Nm

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Layout of components and componentry

4.1

Overview

SERVICE MANUAL

At rear underneath seat:


Electronic modules
The electronic modules are located
underneath the rear cover panel (1).
The electronic modules used are
described in chapter 4.2.

In rear cover:
(1) Operating hours counter (optional)

15

SERVICE MANUAL

At the front, underneath the seat:


(1) actuator module (optional)
(2) lifter actuator (optional)
(3) tilt actuator (optional)

16

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

4.2

SERVICE MANUAL

Electronic modules
A variety of electronic modules can be fitted to the wheelchair.
Before you connect any wheelchair components such as adjusting motors/actuators or motors to
the electronic modules, you should first ensure that you know exactly which electronic module has
been fitted. Please refer to the following table for an overview.
Electronic module

Designation

Joystick boxes

ACS2
ACS2 PMA90L

REM 24
REM A
REM B
REM 550

ACS2 ACT actuator


module

Shark

Notes

The actuator module


is optional.

Shark 2 remote

Shark with lighting


PCB

The lighting PCB is


optional.

ACT actuator
module

The actuator module


is optional.

Lighting PCB

The lighting PCB is


optional.

17

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Electronic module

18

Designation

Joystick boxes

Notes

G-Trac sensor

The G-Trac sensor is


optional

Operating hours
counter

The operating hours


counter is optional.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

4.2.1

SERVICE MANUAL

ACS2 electronic module


Connections
1) Battery 24V
2) Bus cable (to remote or ACT)
3) Bus cable (to remote or ACT)
4) Motor M1
5) Light
6) Motor M2
Rubber stoppers for free slots
2) & 3) Order number: 1552876

4.2.2

ACS2 PMA90L electronic module


Connections
1) Battery 24V
2) Cable to G-Trac sensor (GYRO)
3) Bus cable (to remote or ACT)
4) Motor M1
5) Light
6) Motor M2

4.2.3

Shark electronic module

4.2.3.1

Shark with DCI 12-pole


Connections
1) Cable to remote
2) DCI for actuators/lighting (12-pole)
3) Right-hand motor M1
4) Battery 24V
5) Left-hand motor M2

4.2.4

ACT actuator module


A range of adjusting motors, also known as actuators, can be fitted to the wheelchair. These
actuators are either connected directly to the electronic module or to a separate actuator module.
The actuator module is connected with the electronic module via a bus cable.

19

SERVICE MANUAL

4.2.4.1

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

ACT 2 actuator module


Connections
1) ACI*
2) Bus cable (to remote or ACT)
3) Bus cable (to remote or ACT)
4) Adjusting motor/actuator - Channel 2
5) Adjusting motor/actuator - Channel 1
Rubber stoppers for free slots
1)
Order number: 1555701
2) & 3) Order number: 1552876
4) & 5) Order number: 1555700
* The ACI connection is used for actuator limitation or speed reduction.

4.2.4.2

ACT 4 actuator module


Connections
1) ACI*
2) Bus cable (to remote or electronic
module)
3) Bus cable (to remote or electronic
module)
4) Actuator - Channel 4
5) Actuator - Channel 3
6) Actuator - Channel 2
7) Actuator - Channel 1
Rubber stoppers for free slots
1)
Order number: 1555701
2) & 3)
Order number: 1552876
4) to 7) Order number: 1555700
* The ACI connection is used for actuator limitation or speed reduction.

4.2.5

Lighting PCB
The lighting PCB connections are printed directly on the circuit board.

20

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Service plan (1x annually)


CAUTION!
Danger of injury and damage to property, if the maximum speed reduction on a
wheelchair with a lifter does not function correctly!
The wheelchairs control unit must reduce the maximum possible speed as soon as the
lifter is raised.
Test the maximum speed reduction for correct function after any maintenance work or
modifications to the wheelchair.
Component

Check

Remedy

Safety belt

Damage to safety belt

Replace belt if
damaged.

See chapter 9.1.

Belt lock function

Replace belt if
damaged.

See chapter 9.1

Damage to armrests

Replace covering if
damaged

Armrest fixings

Tighten screws

Damage to side panels

Replace side panels if


damaged

Side panel fixings

Tighten screws

Seat angle
adjustment

Tight seating of SL
fuses

Replace SL fuses if
necessary

Power backrest
(if fitted)

Damage to backrest
Seams
Fixing
Check cable
Check function

Replace parts if
damaged
Tighten screws
Replace cable motor
if necessary

Frames
(chassis) /
battery
mounting

Check fixings, welded


seams and battery
mounting

Tighten screws
Replace components
if necessary

DAHL Docking
Station

Check screws

Tighten screws

Stability lock
system

Check gas cylinder

Repair or replace if
damaged
Replace gas cylinder
every 2 years!

See chapter 8.24

Check adjustment

Speed

See chapter 8.24.5.

Armrests

Side panels

Notes

21

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Component

Check

Check drive wheels for


Wheel
suspension and tight fit and side play
wheels
Check steering wheels
for tight fit, float and
side play

22

Remedy

Notes

Adjust, replace wheel


hubs

See chapters
8.10.1 and
8.10.3/8.10.4

Replace wheels,
wheel fork or wheel
bearings

See chapter 8.9

Tyres

Repair or replace if
damaged

See chapter 8.10.2.

Check suspension

Repair or replace if
damaged

See chapter 8.12

Check straight running

Replace wheels,
wheel fork or wheel
bearings

See chapter 8.9.

Drive units,
clutch
mechanism

Motors

Check motors

See chapter 7.

Check functions in drive


and push modes
Check clutch
mechanism

Check carbon
brushes, replace if
necessary
Replace motor if
necessary.
Tighten screws/nuts,
adjust or replace if
necessary

See chapter 8.15

Brakes

Inspect motor brake

Check motor brake

See chapter 7.2.

Legrests

Check welded seams,


interlocking, screws,
footplates

Tighten, replace if
necessary

Power legrests
(if fitted)

Check cable
Check contacts
check functions

Replace cable if
necessary

Lighting (if
fitted)

Check cable
Check function

Replace lamp or
cable if necessary

Battery
mounting

Check battery support


and mounting belts for
damage

Replace if necessary

See chapter 8.8.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Component

Check

Remedy

Batteries

Check batteries for


damage

Replace batteries if
necessary

Check battery voltage

Charge batteries

Check battery voltage

Charge batteries

See operating
manual

Check contacts and


terminals

Clean contacts and


terminals

Please refer to the


safety information
in chapter
8.5.2/8.5.3 and
8.5.4 for handling
batteries

Remote, status display


blinking

Evaluate error/blink
code

See chapter 6.

Fixings

Tighten fixings,
replace if necessary

Cables and connecting


plugs

Tighten cables and


connecting plugs,
replace if necessary

Drive lever function

Replace drive lever if


necessary
Replace remote if
necessary

Power supply

Tighten cables and


connecting plugs,
replace if necessary

Check drive electronic


program version

Update software if
newer version
available.

Remote /
electronic
module

Drive program

Notes

See chapters
8.5.2/8.5.3 and
8.5.4

See chapter 8.4.

23

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Operational faults
The various electronic modules can be fitted in connection with differing remotes in the wheelchair.
Rectification of operational faults is dependent on the electronic module fitted.
The electronic modules used are described in chapter 4.2.
Note
The tables for rectification of operational faults listed in the following chapters are only an excerpt
from the original manufacturer's manuals.
You can obtain the original manuals from Invacare.

If you have problems with the wheelchair, please proceed as follows:


First assess the possible cause of the problem using the following table.
Check the remote status display. Evaluate the error code.
Carry out the necessary checks and repairs as recommended in the following table.

24

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

6.1

SERVICE MANUAL

Drive fault diagnosis


PROBLEM

OTHER
SYMPTOMS

POSSIBLE
CAUSE

SOLUTION

DOCUMENTATION

Wheelchair
will not start

The remote
status display
illuminates
normally and
displays blink
code 5/6.

Drive motors
disengaged

Engage drive
motors

See operating
manual

Remote status
display does not
illuminate

Batteries
defective

Replace batteries

See chapter
8.5.2/8.5.3.

Completely
discharge battery

Pre-charge
batteries

See operating
manual

Power supply to
remote
interrupted

Check master
fuse

See chapter
8.5.5/8.5.6.

Check cables
between the
modules for loose
connections and
damage

See chapter 8.5.7.

Remote defective

Replace remote

See chapter 8.3.1.

Various causes

Assess error code

See chapter 6.2


and 6.3.

Batteries
defective
(unstable voltage)

Replace batteries

See chapter
8.5.2/8.5.3.

Drive motor(s)
defective

Replace motor(s)

See chapter
8.15.1/8.15.2.

Replace carbon
brushes

See chapter
8.15.6/8.15.7.

Wheelchair
judders in
drive mode

Remote status
display blinking
None

Wheelchair
pulls to left or
right

None

Drive motors
running
asymmetrically

Change
programming to
synchronise
motors.

See chapter 8.4.

Error
message
does not go
out

None

Bad connections

Check all
connecting
cables.

See chapter 8.5.7.

Motor brake
defective

Measure internal
resistance of
brakes, replace
motor if defective.

See chapters 7.2


and 8.15.1/8.15.2

Motors stop
and start
irregularly

None

Voltage decline

Stop journey and


allow electronic to
cool down.

Motor runs
but loses
power

None

High motor
loading causes
electronic module
to decrease
voltage

Stop journey and


allow electronic to
cool down.

25

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

PROBLEM

OTHER
SYMPTOMS

POSSIBLE
CAUSE

SOLUTION

Motors stop
and do not
start again

None

High motor
loading causes
electronic module
to decrease
voltage

Leave wheelchair
switched on and
allow electronic
module to work.
Charge batteries
overnight with
wheelchair
switched on.

None

Fuse burnt out

Check cabling
and replace fuse

See chapters 8.5.7


and 8.5.5/8.5.6

None

Motor defective

Check carbon
brushes and
replace if
necessary

See chapter
8.15.6/8.15.7.

Measure internal
resistance of
motor, replace
motor if defective.

See chapters 7.1


and 8.15.1/8.15.2

None

Electronic module
defective

Replacing the
electronic module

See chapter 8.3.2.

Motors lose
power during
journey

None

Bad connections

Switch wheelchair
off, wait 10
seconds, switch
wheelchair on
again. Check all
cabling.

See chapter 8.5.7.

Motor judders
or runs
irregularly, or
only one
motor runs

None

Carbon brushes
worn

Check carbon
brushes and
replace if
necessary

See chapter
8.15.6/8.15.7.

Clutch(es)
defective

Replace clutch

See chapter
8.15.4/8.15.5.

Bearing defective

Replacing the
motor

See chapter
8.15.1/8.15.2.

Collector
defective

Measure internal
resistance of
motor, replace
motor if defective.

See chapters 7.1


and 8.15.1/8.15.2

Bad connections

Check all cabling.

See chapter 8.5.7.

Fuse burnt out

Check cabling
and replace fuse

See chapters 8.5.7


and 8.5.5/8.5.6

Batteries
defective

Replace batteries

See chapter
8.5.2/8.5.3.

Cabling to
electronic module
or joystick
defective

check cabling

See chapter 8.5.7.

Electronic module
defective

Replacing the
electronic module

See chapter 8.3.2.

Motors do not
run

26

DOCUMENTATION

None

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

PROBLEM

Motor makes
clicking noise

Scraping
noise or
motor
blocked

Transmission
makes
clicking noise

Transmission
losing oil

SERVICE MANUAL

OTHER
SYMPTOMS

POSSIBLE
CAUSE

SOLUTION

DOCUMENTATION

Corroded
contacts

Water, salt or
urine has
penetrated

Check cabling,
replace if
necessary.

See chapter 8.5.7.

None

Clutch(es)
defective

Replace clutch

See chapter
8.15.4/8.15.5.

Bearing defective

Replacing the
motor

See chapter
8.15.1/8.15.2.

Collector
defective

Measure internal
resistance of
motor, replace
motor if defective.

See chapters 7.1


and 8.15.1/8.15.2

Clutch(es)
defective

Replace clutch

See chapter
8.15.4/8.15.5.

Bearing defective

Replacing the
motor

See chapters
8.15.1/8.15.2 and
8.15.4/8.15.5

Transmission
defective

Replace
transmission.

See chapters
8.15.1/8.15.2 and
8.15.4/8.15.5

Transmission
defective

Replace
transmission.

See chapters
8.15.1/8.15.2 and
8.15.4/8.15.5

Drive wheel loose

Tighten drive
wheel, secure
bolts with Loctite if
necessary

See chapter
8.15.1/8.15.2.

Sealing ring on
drive shaft
defective

Replace
transmission if
sealing ring
defective.

See chapters
8.15.1/8.15.2 and
8.15.4/8.15.5

Check carbon
brushes for oil
wetting, replace
motor if brushes
wet

See chapters
8.15.1/8.15.2,
8.15.4/8.15.5 and
8.15.6/8.15.7
See chapters
8.15.1/8.15.2 and
8.15.4/8.15.5

None

None

None

Irregular
running

None

Drive shaft
movable or bent

Check drive shaft,


replace
transmission if
defective.

Parts lost

None

Parts lost

Reattach parts
once found.

Batteries not
being
charged

None

Fuse burnt out,


cable defective

Check cabling
and replace fuse

See chapters 8.5.7


and 8.5.5/8.5.6

Batteries
defective

Replace batteries

See chapter
8.5.2/8.5.3.

Charging unit
defective

Replace charging
unit

See charging unit


operating manual

LEDs blinking on
charging unit

27

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

PROBLEM

OTHER
SYMPTOMS

POSSIBLE
CAUSE

SOLUTION

DOCUMENTATION

Short
charging
period

None

One of the
batteries could be
defective

Replace batteries

See chapter
8.5.2/8.5.3.

Wheelchair
runs too
slowly

None

Remote defective

Replace remote

See chapter 8.3.1.

Batteries
defective

Replace batteries

See chapter
8.5.2/8.5.3.

Remote shows
1
blinking "E" or
2
blink code 2
Status diode on
lighting/actuator
module does not
go out even if
the remote has
been switched
off or
disconnected

Lighting / actuator
module defective

Replace lighting /
actuator module

See chapter 8.3.2.

None

Cable
disconnected or
damaged

Safeguard cable
connection,
replace cable if
necessary

See chapter 8.5.7.

Electrical
adjusting motor
defective

Check adjusting
motor

Remote defective

Replace remote

Actuator does
not react

1 Only applies to remote SD24


2 All remotes except SD24

28

See chapter 8.3.1.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

6.2

SERVICE MANUAL

REM remotes: Error codes and diagnostic codes


The drive electronic can automatically rectify some faults. In this case the status display will stop
blinking. Switch the remote on and off again several times. Wait around 5 seconds each time
before switching the remote on again. If this does not rectify the fault, determine the cause using
the blink codes from the following table.
BLINK CODE

POSSIBLE CAUSE

SOLUTION

DOCUMENTATION

1 x blink

Module defective

Replace defective module

See chapter 8.3.2.

2 x blink

Accessory error (e.g. short- Check accessory


circuit in adjusting motor)
connections, check
accessory

See chapter 8.5.7.

Lifter too high or too low


(seat not at driving height)

If the lifter is raised, lower it See operating manual


slowly until the status
display stops blinking. If the
lifter is too low, raise it
slowly until the status
display stops blinking. Only
drive when the seat is at
driving height.

3 x blink

Fault on left-hand motor


(M2). Connection
loose/defective or motor
defective

Check connection plug,


check motor

See chapters 8.5.7


and 7.1

4 x blink

Fault on right-hand motor


(M1). Connection
loose/defective or motor
defective

Check connection plug,


check motor

See chapters 8.5.7


and 7.1

5 x blink

Fault/brake fault on leftCheck connection plug,


hand motor (M2).
check motor
Connection loose/defective
or motor defective

See chapters 8.5.7


and 7.1

6 x blink

Fault/brake fault on rightCheck connection plug,


hand motor (M19.
check motor
Connection loose/defective
or motor defective

See chapters 8.5.7


and 7.1

7 x blink

Completely discharge
battery

Pre-charge battery

See operating manual

8 x blink

Battery voltage too high

Switch lighting to low


battery voltage
Check battery charger

See charging unit


operating manual

9 or 10 x blink

Faulty data transmission


between modules

Remove electronic modules See chapter 8.3.2.


except for the power
module and the remote.
Replace the modules one
after another in order to
ensure which was the one
causing the fault.

11 x blink

Drive motors overloaded /


overheated

Switch remote on and off /


wait if necessary

29

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

30

BLINK CODE

POSSIBLE CAUSE

SOLUTION

DOCUMENTATION

12 x blink

Compatibility problems
between modules

Remove incorrect module

See chapter 8.3.2.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

6.3

SERVICE MANUAL

Shark 2 remote: Error codes and diagnostic codes


The drive electronic can automatically rectify some faults. In this case the status display will stop
blinking. Switch the remote on and off again several times. Wait around 5 seconds each time
before switching the remote on again. If this does not rectify the fault, determine the cause using
the following link codes:
BLINK CODE

MEANING

SOLUTION

DOCUMENTATION

Operating error

Set drive lever to neutral central


position (just release drive lever) and
switch on again

Battery error

Check battery and mains cable

See chapter 8.5.7.

Charge batteries.
If you switch the wheelchair off for a
few minutes, the batteries can often
charge themselves up enough to
enable a short journey. You should,
however, only use this solution in
emergency situations because it
results in excessive battery
discharging.

see operating manual

Replace batteries

See chapter 8.5.2.

Fault on left-hand Check motor cable and connecting


motor (M2)
plug.
Check motor.

See chapters 8.5.7


and 7.1

Fault on righthand motor (M1)

See chapters 8.5.7


and 7.1

Fault at left-hand Check cable and plug.


(M2) motor brake

See chapters 8.5.7


and 7.2

Fault right-hand
Check cable and plug.
(M1) motor brake

See chapters 8.5.7


and 7.2

Error in Shark
remote

Check bus cable in remote and


connecting plug.
Replace remote.

See chapter 8.3.1.

Error in Shark
electronic
module

Check all the cables and plugs in the


Shark system.
Replace electronic module

See chapters 8.5.7


and 8.3.2

Communication
error in Shark
system

Check all cables and connecting plugs See chapters 8.5.7


in the Shark system.
and 8.3.1
Replace remote.

10

Unknown error

Check all cables and connecting


plugs.

See chapter 8.5.7.

11

Incompatible
remote

The wrong remote has been


connected. Ensure that electronic
module code and the remote code
match.

See chapters 8.3.1


and 8.3.2

Check motor cable and connecting


plug.
Check motor.

31

SERVICE MANUAL

6.4

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Diagnosis of charging device faults


SYMPTOM
No LEDs illuminating on
battery charger

POSSIBLE CAUSE

SOLUTION

Charging device not connected Ensure that the battery charger


to mains supply.
has been plugged in.
No mains supply

Check the mains supply with a


voltmeter.

Defective mains supply cable.

Check the mains supply cable.


Replace damaged cables or
send the battery charger to
Invacare Service for repair.

LEDs are burnt out

Send the battery charger to


Invacare Service for repair.

An internal fuse might be burnt Send the battery charger to


out.
Invacare Service for repair.
Batteries do not charge

32

Fuse on wheelchair has burnt


out.

Check wheelchair fuses.


See chapter 8.5.5/8.5.6.

Battery charger not connected


to wheelchair.

Ensure that the battery charger


has been connected to the
wheelchair.

No mains supply

Check the mains supply with a


voltmeter.

Defective mains supply cable.

Check the mains supply cable.


Replace damaged cables or
send the battery charger to
Invacare Service for repair.

Battery charger could be


defective.

Use a battery charger which


you know is working properly
to charge the batteries. Send
the defective battery charger to
Invacare Service for repair.

Battery voltage is too low to


operate wheelchair.

Replace the batteries. See


chapter 8.5.2/8.5.3.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Test procedures

7.1

Testing the motor

SERVICE MANUAL

Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
digital multimeter with resistance measurement

Remove the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

Pull the motor plug (3) out of the electronic module.

Connect the digital multimeter to the motor plug contacts (3) and measure the resistance
between the contacts.

Note
A resistance of between 0.5 and 5 ohms indicates a motor ready for operation.
A resistance of between 15 ohms and infinity indicates a defective motor. High resistances are
normally caused by bad connections or worn carbon brushes.

33

SERVICE MANUAL

7.2

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Testing the electro-mechanical parking brake


Note
This test should only be carried out on wheelchairs with conventional motor/transmission units.

Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
digital multimeter with resistance measurement

Remove the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

Pull the motor plug (3) out of the electronic module.

Connect the digital multimeter to the adjacent central motor plug contacts (3) and measure the
resistance between the contacts.

If there is a defect, replace the motor and send it to Invacare Service for inspection or repair.

Note
A resistance of between 40 and 80 ohms indicates an intact brake.
A resistance of 0 ohms or a very high resistance (mega-ohms or infinity) indicates a short-circuit,
a bad connection or a defective brake.

34

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

CAUTION!
Material damage can be caused to the electronic module due to short-circuits in the
electro-mechanical brake.
NEVER connect an electro-mechanical brake to an intact electronic module with a short-circuit!
Always replace short-circuited brakes immediately.
Note
A defective motor can damage the electronic module, but not the other way around.

35

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Repair work
CAUTION!
Danger of injury and damage to property, if the maximum speed reduction on a
wheelchair with a lifter does not function correctly!
The wheelchairs control unit must reduce the maximum possible speed as soon as the
lifter is raised.
Test the maximum speed reduction for correct function after any maintenance work or
modifications to the wheelchair.

8.1

Covers (TDX SP / TDX SPNB)

8.1.1

Opening the front panel


Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
5/8 Allen key

Dismantling the front cover panel:


Remove the legrests.

Remove the two bolts (5) on the front cover panel (4) with a 5/8" Allen key.

Pull the front cover panel upwards and remove it.

Refitting the front cover panel:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

36

Now tighten all the screws finger-tight again.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.1.2

Opening the rear cover panel

8.1.2.1

Rear cover without an operating hours counter

SERVICE MANUAL

Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
Note
This chapter explains how to open the rear cover if no operating hours counter is installed. The
procedure for opening the rear cover with an operating hours counter installed is described in
chapter 8.1.2.2

Dismantling the front cover panel:


Undo the three Phillips screws (1) on the rear cover panel (7).

Remove the rear cover panel.

Refitting the rear cover panel:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

Now tighten all the screws finger-tight again.

37

SERVICE MANUAL

8.1.2.2

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Rear cover with an operating hours counter


Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
Note
This chapter explains how to open the rear cover if an operating hours counter is installed. The
procedure for opening the rear cover with no operating hours counter installed is described in
chapter 8.1.2.1.

Dismantling the front cover panel:


Undo the three Phillips screws (1) on the rear cover panel (7).

Carefully loosen the rear cover. Pay attention to the cable of the operation hours counter.

Take note of the positions of the cables and sockets. Mark the plugs and sockets or take a
photo with a digital camera.

Detach the cable of the operating hours counter from the drive motor.

Remove the rear cover panel.

Refitting the rear cover panel:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

38

Now tighten all the screws finger-tight again.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.1.3

SERVICE MANUAL

Opening the top cover panel


Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2

Dismantling the top cover panel:


Remove the seat.

Undo the four Phillips screws (3) on the top cover panel (2).

Remove the top cover panel.

Refitting the top cover panel:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

Now tighten all the screws finger-tight again.

39

SERVICE MANUAL

8.1.4

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Replacing the splash guard


Requirements:
5/6 Allen key
7/8 Allen key
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
torque wrench 0 - 20 Nm (or similar)
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)

Removing the splash guard:


Remove the drive wheel as described in chapter 8.10.1.

Undo and remove the three 5/6" Allen screws (1).

Remove the splash guard (2) from the walking beam (3).

Refitting the splash guard:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

40

Tighten the splash guard screws to 4.5 Nm.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.2

Covers (TDX SP2/ TDX SP2NB)

8.2.1

Opening the front panel

SERVICE MANUAL

Requirements:
6 mm Allen key
Note
If the front cover panel is fitted with tommy bolts and not with Allen screws, you do not require any
tools.

Dismantling the front cover panel:


Remove the legrests.

Remove both screws (1) n the ont cover panel (2).

Pull the front cover panel upwards and remove it.

Refitting the front cover panel:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

Tighten all the screws finger-tight again.

41

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.2.2

Opening the rear cover panel

8.2.2.1

Rear cover without an operating hours counter


Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
Note
This chapter explains how to open the rear cover if no operating hours counter is installed. The
procedure for opening the rear cover with an operating hours counter installed is described in
chapter 8.2.2.2.

Dismantling the front cover panel:


Loosen the Phillips screw (1) on the rear frame cover panel (5).

Remove the rear cover panel from the frame.

Loosen the thumb screw (9) of the rear cover panel (7)

Remove the rear cover panel.

Refitting the rear cover panel:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

42

Tighten all the screws finger-tight again.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.2.2.2

SERVICE MANUAL

Rear cover with an operating hours counter


Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
Note
This chapter explains how to open the rear cover if an operating hours counter is installed. The
procedure for opening the rear cover with no operating hours counter installed is described in
chapter 8.2.2.1.

Dismantling the front cover panel:


Loosen the Phillips screw (1) on the rear frame cover panel (5).

Remove the rear cover panel from the frame.

Loosen the thumb screw (9) of the rear cover panel (7)

Carefully loosen the rear cover. Pay attention to the cable of the operation hours counter.

Take note of the positions of the cables and sockets. Mark the plugs and sockets or take a
photo with a digital camera.

Detach the cable of the operating hours counter from the drive motor.

Remove the rear cover panel.

Refitting the rear cover panel:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

Tighten all the screws finger-tight again.

43

SERVICE MANUAL

8.2.3

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Opening the top cover panel


Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2

Dismantling the top cover panel:


Remove the seat.

Undo the four Phillips screws (10) on the top cover panel (11).

Remove the top cover panel.

Refitting the top cover panel:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

44

Tighten all the screws finger-tight again.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.2.4

SERVICE MANUAL

Replacing the splash guard


Requirements:
6 mm Allen key
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
torque wrench 0 - 20 Nm (or similar)
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
Flat screwdriver

Removing the splash guard:


Remove the drive wheel as described in chapter 8.10.1.

Undo and remove the three slotted screws (4).

Remove the splash guard (3) from the walking beam.

Refitting the splash guard:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

Tighten the splash guard screws to 4.5 Nm.

45

SERVICE MANUAL

8.3

Electronic module

8.3.1

Replacing the remote

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Note
Replacing the remote is very easy and is not described in detail.
However, please note that when replacing an REM remote in connection with a DX, ACS or ACS2
electronic module, the subsequent selection of drive program should be carried out as described
in chapter 8.3.3.

8.3.2

Replacing the electronic module


Note
However, please note that when replacing an REM remote in connection with a DX, ACS or ACS2
electronic module, the subsequent selection of drive program should be carried out as described
in chapter 8.3.3.
The various electronic modules can be fitted to the wheelchair with a range different remotes. The
possible electronic modules are described in chapter 4.2.
Replacement is described below using the ACS2 electronic module with optional lighting PCB and
optional actuator module as an example. The procedure for other electronic modules is the same.
The only difference is the plug positions.
WARNING!
Any changes to the drive program can affect the driving characteristics and the tipping
stability of the wheelchair!
Changes to the drive program may only be carried out by trained Invacare specialist
dealers!
Invacare can only give a warranty for safe wheelchair driving behaviour - especially tipping
stability - for unaltered standard drive programs!
Note
All electronic modules are delivered with a standard drive program. If you have carried out
customer-specific modifications to the drive program, you will have to make these changes again
after installing the new electronic module.
Requirements:
5/16 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
socket spanner, 8 mm
To adapt the drive program:
programming software or hand programming device and system installation manual, available
from Invacare.

46

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Removing the electronic module:


Remove the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

Carefully note the location of the cable and the connection locations of the various plugs. Either
mark each plug and socket, or take a photograph with a digital camera.

On the illustration you can see the battery plug (1), the optional lighting PCB (2) for the
electronic module (3) and the optional actuator module (5).

You can also see the optional cross connector between the rear wheel suspension (4).

Dismantle the cross-connector (if fitted):


Undo and remove the four Allen screws (1) with a 5/16" Allen key.

Remove the cross-connector (3).

47

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Pull the plug (1) out of the actuator module.

Pull the plug (2) out of the light module.

Pull the plug (3) out of the electronic module.

Loosen both the 8 mm nuts (1).

Remove the module carefully.

Replace the defective module.

Refitting the electronic module:


Refit the various modules in reverse order.

48

Refit the cross-connector if this is fitted.

Plug all the plugs into their old positions.

If you have replaced a DX, ACS or ACS2 Electronic module, select the drive programmatically
in chapter 8.3.3.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

If a new software version is available, update the drive program as described in chapter 8.4.

Adapt the drive program using the programming software if necessary.

To conclude, check all the wheelchair functions.

49

SERVICE MANUAL

8.3.3

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Replacing the G-Trac sensor


Requirements:
10 mm socket wrench
Uninstalling the G-Trac sensor:
Switch the electronic of the wheelchair OFF.

Remove the rear cover, as described in chapter 8.1.2.

..

Take note of the positions of all cables and the sockets that they are connected to. Mark the
connectors and sockets or take a photograph with a digital camera.

Loosen and remove the self-locking nut (3), including the washer (4), with the 10 mm socket
wrench.

Remove the G-Trac sensor (1).

Disconnect the cable of the G-Trac sensor from the electronic module.

Replace the G-Trac sensor.

Installing the G-Trac sensor:


Install the G-Trac sensor in reverse order.

50

Re-connect the cable connector to the electronic module.

The G-Trac sensor must be installed with the cable pointing upwards.

Test all functions of the vehicle.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.3.4

SERVICE MANUAL

Replacing the operating hours counter / connecting cable


Requirements:
10 mm socket wrench

The operating hours counter is located on the rear cover (2).


Removing the operating hours counter:
Switch the electronic system of the wheelchair off.

Remove the rear cover as described in chapter 8.1.2.2 or 8.2.2.2.

Loosen and remove the nut (5) including the locking washer (4) using a 10 mm socket wrench.

Pull the mounting bracket (2) off of the threaded rod (3).

Remove the retaining frame (6).

Pull the operating hours counter forwards out of the rear cover.

Disconnect the two plugs of the cable (not shown in the illustration) from the pins (-) & (+).

Replace the operating hours counter and cable respectively.

51

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Installing an operating hours counter:


CAUTION!
Property damage can result if the counter is wrongly connected. If the plus and minus
wires are connected the wrong way, it will damage the electronic components of the
operating hours counter.
Make sure the cable is connected correctly.

Connect the plug on the blue wire (-) to the pin on the operating hours counter which is marked
with a minus symbol.

Connect the plug on the brown wire (+) to the pin on the operating hours counter which is
marked with a plus symbol.

The brown wire is additionally marked with a yellow sleeve with a plus symbol on it.

52

Insert the cable from the outside through the cut-out for the operating hours counter located in
the rear cover.

Position the operating hours counter in the cut-out.

Reposition the retaining frame (6).

Place the mounting bracket (2) on the threaded rod (3) so that the mounting bracket presses
the retaining frame on the cover.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Place the locking washer (4) and the nut (5) on the threaded rod.

Tighten the nut hand-tight.

Install the rear cover again as described in chapter 8.1.2.2 or 8.2.2.2.

SERVICE MANUAL

53

SERVICE MANUAL

8.3.5

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Drive program selection after component replacement


The drive program is saved in the REM remote, and also in the DX, ACS or ACS2 electronic
module. If one of these two components is replaced, the system must be told which of the
components has not been replaced so that it knows which contains the current controller profile.
Note
The system allows normal usage of the wheelchair after component replacement only if the profile
is selected afterwards.

8.3.5.1

54

Profile selection with remote REM A or REM B

Plug the plug into the remote or the ACS2 controller.

LEDs (1) and (4) blink.

Use the bottom rocker switch (5) to select where the required controller profile is saved.
LED 1 = remote
LED 4 = ACS2 control system

The relevant LED illuminates permanently, the other LED is off.

Press the "Horn (2) and "+ (3) buttons on the speed selection and hold them down for 3
seconds to confirm the selection.

The system will switch itself off and restart automatically. During the process, the selected
profile will be saved both in the remote and in the electronic module.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.3.5.2

SERVICE MANUAL

Profile selection with remote REM 550

Plug the plug into the remote or the ACS2 controller.

The display (2) shows that you need to select a profile.

Use the bottom rocker switch (3) to select where the required controller profile is saved.
I = remote
II = electronic module

The display will show which profile you have selected.

Press the "Horn (4) and "+ (1) buttons on the speed selection and hold them down for 3
seconds to confirm the selection.

The system will switch itself off and restart automatically. During the process, the selected
profile will be saved both in the remote and in the electronic module.

55

SERVICE MANUAL

8.4

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Updating the driving program


The driving programs for electric wheelchairs are continually updated and improved by Invacare.
For this reason, you should check whether the version number is still up to date each time a
wheelchair comes in for repairs, and also during regular inspections.
If a newer version is available, the driving program must be updated. The procedure for updating
the driving program is described in the user manual of the Wizard software.
Note
The electronic system is supplied with a standard drive program. If the driving program has been
customised, you have to perform this customisation again, after installing the new driving
program. This also applies to the customer-specific options of the seat setting for ACS2 remotes,
which are activated ex works.
WARNING: Every alteration to the drive program can influence vehicle handling and the
tipping stability of the wheelchair!
Alterations to the drive program must only be carried out by trained Invacare-dealers!
Invacare can only assume a warranty for the safe vehicle handling of the wheelchair in
particular tipping stability - for unaltered standard drive programs!
Pre-requisites:
Dynamic Wizard software
User manual for the Wizard software
For further information on other requirements - such as the minimum system configuration of
the PC to be used for programming, necessary programming cables - see the user manual of
the Wizard software.
Note
When an electrical adjustment option is retrofitted, such as electrical legrests, then this option
needs to be activated in the driving program as well if you have an ACS2 remote. For more
information, refer to the user manual of the Wizard software and the installation instructions for
the electronic modules

56

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.5

Batteries, cables & battery charger

8.5.1

Making the batteries accessible

SERVICE MANUAL

ATTENTION!
Injury hazard and possible material damages if batteries are handled improperly!
The installation of new batteries may only be carried out by authorised specialists.
Observe the warning information on the batteries.
Only use battery versions stated in the specifications.
ATTENTION!
Fire and burns hazard if battery terminal is bypassed!
Please take great care to ensure that the battery terminals are never short-circuited with tools
or mechanical mobility device parts!
Ensure that the battery terminal caps have been replaced if you are not working on the battery
terminals.
ATTENTION: Danger of crushing!
The batteries are extremely heavy. This results in injury hazards to your hands.
Bear in mind that the batteries are sometimes very heavy!
Please handle the batteries with care.
WARNING: BURN HAZARD!
Injury hazard due to discharged acid.
Always wear acid-proof protective gloves when handling batteries.
Always wear protective goggles when handling batteries.
What to do if acid is discharged:
Always take clothing which has been soiled by or dipped in acid off immediately!
Rinse any areas of your skin which has come into contact with battery acid off immediately
with plenty of water!
If contact with eyes is made:
Rinse the affected eye under running water for several minutes! You should also consult an
eye specialist immediately afterwards!
Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
5/8 Allen key
socket spanner, 11 mm
Note
When disassembling, take care of small parts such as screws and washers. Put all small parts
down so that they can be reassembled in the right sequence.

57

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Remove the legrests.

TDX SP / TDX SP :

NB

Remove the front (4) and rear (1) cover panels as described in the chapters 8.1.1 and 8.1.2.

NB

TDX SP2 / TDX SP2

Remove the front (4) and rear (1) cover panels as described in the chapters 8.2.1 und 8.2.2.

58

Disconnect the battery plugs (2).

Pull the battery carrier forwards as far as the stop.

Only on the TDX SP /TDX SP2 :


Disconnect the plug-in connection between the batteries before removing them.

NB

NB

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.5.2

SERVICE MANUAL

Replacing batteries (TDX SP / TDX SP2)


ATTENTION:
Injury hazard and possible material damages if batteries are handled improperly!
The installation of new batteries may only be carried out by authorised specialists.
Observe the warning information on the batteries.
Only use battery versions stated in the specifications.
ATTENTION:
Fire and burns hazard if battery terminal is bypassed!
Please take great care to ensure that the battery terminals are never short-circuited with tools
or mechanical mobility device parts!
Ensure that the battery terminal caps have been replaced if you are not working on the battery
terminals.
ATTENTION: Danger of crushing!
The batteries are extremely heavy. This results in injury hazards to your hands.
Bear in mind that the batteries are sometimes very heavy!
Please handle the batteries with care.
WARNING: BURN HAZARD!
Injury hazard due to discharged acid.
Always wear acid-proof protective gloves when handling batteries.
Always wear protective goggles when handling batteries.
What to do if acid is discharged:
Always take clothing which has been soiled by or dipped in acid off immediately!
Rinse any areas of your skin which has come into contact with battery acid off immediately
with plenty of water!
If contact with eyes is made:
Rinse the affected eye under running water for several minutes! You should also consult an
eye specialist immediately afterwards!
Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
5/8 Allen key
socket spanner, 11 mm

59

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Removing the batteries:


Make the batteries accessible as described in chapter 8.5.1.

Remove the terminal caps.

Remove the terminal bolts (3) with an 11 mm socket spanner. First remove the negative
terminal bolt. After this, you can remove the positive terminal bolt.

Remove the connection cable (4) and the connection cable with the main fuse (4).

Open the battery strap (5).

Lift the batteries (6) out of the battery carrier (1).

Refitting the batteries:


Refit the batteries in reverse order.

60

Ensure that the battery cage sockets/plugs have been correctly refitted. A polarity diagram is
located in the battery case cover.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.5.3

SERVICE MANUAL

Replacing batteries / replacing battery cables (TDX SPNB / TDX SP2NB)


Note
To replace the fuse, the battery cable with the fuse attached to it must be replaced.
CAUTION:
Danger of injury and danger of damage to property if the batteries are handled incorrectly!
The installation of new batteries may only be performed by authorised technicians.
Pay attention to the warning notes on the batteries.
Only use the battery type defined in the technical specifications.
CAUTION:
Risk of fire and burns if battery terminals are short-circuited!
Take special care that the battery terminals are NOT short-circuited with a tool or metallic
components of the wheelchair!
Make sure that the battery terminal caps are fitted to the battery terminals at all times if you
are not working on them.
CAUTION: Danger of crushing!
The batteries are very heavy. There is a danger that you may injure your hands.
Take into account the heavy weight of the batteries.
Handle the batteries carefully.
WARNING: Risk of chemical burns!
Danger of injury by leaking acid.
Wear acid-resistant protective gloves when handling batteries.
Wear protective goggles when handling batteries.
How to deal with a battery acid leak:
Remove clothes that have been soiled or soaked with acid immediately!
Immediately wash the affected area of skin that has come into contact with battery acid with
lots of water!
After contact with eyes:
Immediately rinse eyes under running water for several minutes! Consult an eye doctor
immediately afterwards!
Requirements:
11 mm socket wrench
Side cutting pliers
Cable ties

61

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Uninstalling batteries/battery cables:


Remove the batteries, as described in chapter 8.5.1.

Positive terminal (+):


Remove the cable ties (1) with side cutting pliers.

Lift the battery terminal cap (2) off and move it up the cable and out of the way.

Use an 11 mm socket wrench to loosen the battery terminal screw (3).

Remove the battery terminal screw together with both washers and the cable lug (5) from the
battery terminal (4).

Negative terminal (-):


Repeat the steps of the procedure for the positive terminal on the negative terminal of the
battery.

Replace the batteries and/or the battery cables.

Installing batteries/battery cables:


Assemble the parts in reverse order. Connect the negative terminal first, then the positive
terminal.

62

Make sure the battery box sockets and plugs are correctly installed. A schematic showing the
correct positions can be found in the battery box cover.

Carefully reposition the battery terminal caps and secure them with a cable tie to prevent them
from possibly slipping out of place.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.5.4

SERVICE MANUAL

Correct handling of damaged batteries


WARNING: BURN HAZARD!
Injury hazard due to discharged acid.
Always wear acid-proof protective gloves when handling batteries.
Always wear protective goggles when handling batteries.
What to do if acid is discharged:
Always take clothing which has been soiled by or dipped in acid off immediately!
Rinse any areas of your skin which has come into contact with battery acid off immediately
with plenty of water!
If contact with eyes is made:
Rinse the affected eye under running water for several minutes! You should also consult an
eye specialist immediately afterwards!
Requirements:
protective goggles
acid-proof gloves
acid-proof transport container

If handling damaged batteries, always wear suitable protective clothing.

Always deposit damaged batteries in suitable acid-proof containers immediately after removal.

Only transport damaged batteries in suitable acid-proof containers.

Always wash any objects which were contacted by acid in plenty of fresh water.

Always dispose used or damaged batteries correctly


Used and damaged batteries will be taken back by your medical equipment supplier or
Invacare.

63

SERVICE MANUAL

8.5.5

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Checking and replacing the main fuse (TDX SP /TDX SP2)


CAUTION: Fire hazard!
A short circuit can cause extremely high currents which can result in spark formation and
fire!
Always use an original strip fuse with the approved amperage.
If the main fuse has blown, first rectify the cause before fitting a new one.
CAUTION: Fire hazard!
Fitting the incorrect strip fuse causes a fire hazard!
Only fix the strip fuses in the sequence shown in the image on the right!
Tighten the nuts with 3.3 or 3.5 Nm!

1. Strip fuse
2. Spade terminal
3. DIN 6923 nut

Requirements:
5/8 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
socket spanner, 8 mm
torque wrench 0-20 Nm (or similar)
Note
If the fuseholder is damaged, you can replace this complete with the battery cables.
Dismantling the main fuse:
Remove the battery compartment cover, disconnect the battery plugs and pull the batteries out
of the battery compartment as described in chapter 8.5.1.

64

The fuseholder (1) is located on top of the batteries.

Open the fuseholder cover.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

You will be able to see the strip fuses (2) once the fuse holder (1) is open.

If the strip fuse has blown, you must first ascertain and rectify the cause of the fault.

The main fuse may only be replaced once the fault has been rectified.

Remove the strip fuse nuts (3) with an 8 mm socket spanner.

Replace the strip fuse.

Fitting the main fuse:


Refit all the parts again in reverse order.

8.5.6

To conclude, check all the wheelchair functions.

Replacing the main fuse (TDX SPNB / TDX SP2NB)


Note
To replace the fuse, the battery cable with the fuse attached to it must be replaced.

Replace the battery cables, as described in chapter 8.5.3.

65

SERVICE MANUAL

8.5.7

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Checking the cable


Requirements:
5/8 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
oblique pliers
cable ties

Remove the cover panels, disconnect the battery plugs and pull the batteries out of the battery
compartment as described in chapter 8.5.1.

Check the fuse cable (1), battery cable (2) and the battery plug (3) for visible damage and
crushing locations.

Replace any damaged cables.

Note
The following figure shows checking of the cables using the ACS electronic module as an
example. The position of the plugs is different for other electronic modules. The procedure for
checking is otherwise identical.
The position of the plugs is described in chapter 4.2.

66

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Check all cables for visible damage and crushing locations. Replace any damaged cables.

Pull each plug (1) carefully. The plug should not come out of the socket.

If one of the plugs is loose, press it back into the socket with light pressure. The plug must
engage.

Checked to ensure that the plug is now firmly in its socket. If not, repeat the previous operation.

Refit the parts in reverse order.

Check all vehicle functions.

67

SERVICE MANUAL

8.5.8

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Cable routing
Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
oblique pliers
cable ties

68

Remove the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2 or 8.2.2.

When routing cables in the rear section, please ensure that the rear wheel stabilisers are
movable.

Fix the cable with cable ties at the locations marked (A).

Make sure the cable has enough play so that all movable parts can move freely without
stretching, clamping or abrading the cable.

Route the cable in the same manner underneath the seat and the control panel.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.6

SERVICE MANUAL

Battery carrier
Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
5/8 Allen key
5/32 Allen key
Dismantling the battery carrier:
Make the batteries accessible as described in chapter 8.5.1.

Remove the batteries as described in chapter 8.5.2/8.5.3.

Remove the two stop bolts (1) with a 5/32 Allen key.

Pull the battery carrier (2) out of the battery case.

Refitting the battery carrier:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

69

SERVICE MANUAL

8.7

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Replacing the battery case


Requirements:
5/6 Allen key
5/32 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
blade screwdriver
1/4 socket spanner
5/16 socket spanner
torque wrench 0 - 20 Nm (or similar)
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
torque wrench 20 - 80 Nm (or similar)
oblique pliers
cable ties
M8 washer
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
Removing the battery case:
Remove the seat including seat support as described in chapter 8.18 and 8.20 (Modulite).

Remove the covers as described in chapter 8.1 or 8.2.

Remove the batteries as described in chapters 8.5.1 and 8.5.2/8.5.3.

Remove the battery support as described in chapter 8.6.

Remove the front headlights and rear lights depending on version (including bracket) as
described in chapter 8.8.

Remove the electronic module as described in chapter 8.3.2.

Remove the bottom walking beams as described in chapter 8.13.

Remove the top walking beams as described in chapter 8.14.

Remove the gas cylinder as described in chapter 8.24.1.

Remove rear wheel suspension as described in chapter 8.11.

Remove the front and rear bulbholders depending on version as in chapter 8.8.

Remove the rubber bumper as described in chapter 8.16.

Replace the battery case.

Refitting the battery case:


Refit the rubber bumper as described in chapter 8.16.

70

Refit the front and rear bulbholders depending on version as in chapter 8.8.

Refit rear wheel suspension as described in chapter 8.11.3.

Refit the gas cylinder as described in chapter 8.24.3.

Refit the top walking beams as described in chapter 8.14.2.

Refit the bottom walking beams as described in chapter 8.13.

Refit the electronic module as described in chapter 8.3.2.

Refit the front and rear lights including bracket depending on version as in chapter 8.8.

Refit the battery support as described in chapter 8.6.

Replace the batteries in their correct location as described in chapters 8.5.2/8.5.3 and 8.5.1.

Refit the the covers as described in chapter 8.1 or 8.2.

Refit the seat including seat support as described in chapter 8.18 and 8.20 (Modulite).

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Adjust the setting screw on the stability lock system as described in chapter 8.24.5.

To conclude, carry out an extensive driving and function test with the wheelchair.

8.8

Lighting unit

8.8.1

Replacing the front bulb (conventional lighting system)


Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2

Undo the concealed Philips screw on the rear of the headlight/indicator combination.

Remove the transparent plastic cover.

Replace the defective bulb.

Close the cover and tighten the Philips screw finger-tight.

71

SERVICE MANUAL

8.8.2

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Replacing the front headlight complete (conventional lighting system)


Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
oblique pliers
cable ties
Removing the front headlight:
Remove the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

72

Carefully note the location of the cable and the connection locations of the various plugs. Either
mark each plug and socket, or take a photograph with a digital camera.

On the illustration you can see the battery plug (1), the lighting PCB (2) for the electronic
module (3), the optional cross connector (4) and the optional actuator module (5).

Loosen the cable leading to the lighting PCB from the front headlight affected.

Remove all cable ties and pull the cable out of the wheelchair.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Undo and remove the two Phillips screws which hold the front headlight.

Replace the headlight unit.

Refitting the front headlight:


Refit the parts in reverse order. Route the cables carefully and fix them with cable ties.

Check all vehicle functions.

73

SERVICE MANUAL

8.8.3

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Replacing the front headlight complete- TDX SP2 (LED lighting system)
Requirements:
Allen key 4 mm
oblique pliers
cable ties
Removing the front headlight:
Remove the rear panel as described in chapter 8.2.2.

74

Carefully note the location of the cable and the connection locations of the various plugs. Either
mark each plug and socket, or take a photograph with a digital camera.

On the illustration you can see the battery plug (1), the lighting PCB (2) for the electronic
module (3), the optional cross connector (4) and the optional actuator module (5).

Loosen the cable leading to the lighting PCB from the front headlight affected.

Remove all cable ties and pull the cable out of the wheelchair.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Loosen the Allen screw (1) with a 4 mm Allen key and remove the front bulb from the
mounting.

Replace the headlight unit.

Refitting the front headlight:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

Route the cables carefully and fix them with cable ties. In doing so, please pay attention to
chapter 8.5.8.

Check all vehicle functions.

Now tighten all the screws finger-tight again.

Check all vehicle functions.

Adjust the headlight roughly using the grid. The user can carry out the final adjustment
following the operating manual.

75

SERVICE MANUAL

8.8.4

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Replacing the front bulbholder (conventional lighting system)


Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
socket spanner, 13 mm

Dismantling the bulbholder:


Remove the complete front headlight as described in chapter 8.8.2.

Undo the two retaining screws (2) with a 13 mm socket spanner and remove the screws
complete with washers.

Remove the bulbholder (1).

Refitting the bulbholder:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

76

Check all vehicle functions.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.8.5

SERVICE MANUAL

Replacing the front bulbholder - TDX SP2 / TDX SPNB (conventional lighting
system)
Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver
4 mm Allen key
6 mm Allen key
socket spanner, 13 mm
socket spanner, 10 mm

Dismantling the bulbholder:


Remove the complete front headlight as described in chapter 8.8.2.

Loosen the two retaining screws (2) with a 13 mm socket spanner and remove the screws
complete with washers.

Remove the bulbholder (4).

Moving the bulbholder (3):

Loosen the two screws (1) with a 4 mm Allem key und a 10 mm socket spanner.

Move the bulbholder (3) into the desired position.

Refit the two screws (1) including the washers and nuts.

Refitting the bulbholder:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

Check all vehicle functions.

77

SERVICE MANUAL

8.8.6

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Replacing the front bulbholder - TDX SP2 (LED lighting system)


Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver
4 mm Allen key
6 mm Allen key
socket spanner, 13 mm
socket spanner, 10 mm

Dismantling the bulbholder:


Remove the complete front headlight as described in chapter 8.8.3.

Loosen the two retaining screws (2) with a 13 mm socket spanner and remove the screws
complete with washers.

Remove the bulbholder (4).

Moving the bulbholder (3):

Loosen the two screws (1) with a 4 mm Allem key und a 10 mm socket spanner.

Move the bulbholder (3) into the desired position.

Refit the two screws (1) including the washers and nuts.

Refitting the bulbholder:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

78

Check all vehicle functions.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.8.7

SERVICE MANUAL

Replacing the front bulbholder (LED lighting system)


Requirements:
4 mm Allen key
socket spanner, 8 mm

Dismantling the bulbholder:


Loosen the Allen screw (1) with a 4 mm Allem key and remove the front bulb from the holder.

Loosen the two nuts (2) using an 8 mm spanner and remove the headlight with the mounting
from the rubber bumpers.

Remove the bulbholder (4).

Refitting the bulbholder:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

Now tighten all the screws finger-tight again.

Adjust the headlight roughly using the grid.

Check all vehicle functions.

Adjust the headlight roughly using the grid. The user can carry out the final adjustment
following the operating manual.

79

SERVICE MANUAL

8.8.8

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Replacing the rear bulb (conventional lighting system)


Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2

80

Undo the Philips screw in the transparent cover over the rear light/indicator combination.

Remove the transparent plastic cover.

Replace the defective bulb.

Close the cover and tighten the Philips screw finger-tight.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.8.9

SERVICE MANUAL

Replacing the rear light complete (conventional lighting system up to


08/2014)
Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
socket spanner, 8 mm
Removing the rear light
Remove the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

Carefully note the location of the cable and the connection locations of the various plugs. Either
mark each plug and socket, or take a photograph with a digital camera.

On the illustration you can see the battery plug (1), the lighting PCB (2) for the electronic
module (3), the optional cross connector (4) and the optional actuator module (5).

Loosen the cable leading to the lighting PCB from the rear light affected.

Remove all cable ties and pull the cable out of the wheelchair.

81

SERVICE MANUAL

Undo the two cap nuts (1) with an 8 mm socket spanner and remove the cap nuts complete
with washers.

Replace the rear light.

Dismantling the rear light:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

82

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Check all vehicle functions.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.8.10 Replacing the rear light complete (conventional lighting system starting
08/2014)
Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
socket spanner, 8 mm
Removing the rear light
Remove the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

Carefully note the location of the cable and the connection locations of the various plugs. Either
mark each plug and socket, or take a photograph with a digital camera.

On the illustration you can see the battery plug (1), the lighting PCB (2) for the electronic
module (3), the optional cross connector (4) and the optional actuator module (5).

Loosen the cable leading to the lighting PCB from the rear light affected.

Remove all cable ties and pull the cable out of the wheelchair.

83

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Remove the two protect caps (5).

Loosen and remove the two nuts (4) and (3) including the washers (6) and insulation ring (2)
with an 8 mm socket spanner.

Replace the rear light and the lamp protector if necessary.

Dismantling the rear light


Refit the parts in reverse order.

84

Tighten the nuts (3) and (4) to 2,5 +/-0,3 Nm.

Check all vehicle functions.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.8.11 Replacing the rear light complete - TDX SP2 (conventional lighting system)
Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
socket spanner, 8 mm
Removing the rear light
Remove the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

Carefully note the location of the cable and the connection locations of the various plugs. Either
mark each plug and socket, or take a photograph with a digital camera.

On the illustration you can see the battery plug (1), the lighting PCB (2) for the electronic
module (3), the optional cross connector (4) and the optional actuator module (5).

Loosen the cable leading to the lighting PCB from the rear light affected.

Remove all cable ties and pull the cable out of the wheelchair.

85

SERVICE MANUAL

Remove the two protect caps (5).

Loosen and remove the two nuts (4) and (3) including the washers (2) and the protection
caps (1) with an 8 mm socket spanner.

Replace the rear light.

Dismantling the rear light


Refit the parts in reverse order.

86

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Check all vehicle functions.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.8.12 Replacing the rear light complete - TDX SP2 (LED lighting system)
Requirements:
4 mm Allen key
socket spanner, 13 mm
Removing the rear light
Remove the rear panel as described in chapter 8.2.2.

Carefully note the location of the cable and the connection locations of the various plugs. Either
mark each plug and socket, or take a photograph with a digital camera.

On the illustration you can see the battery plug (1), the lighting PCB (2) for the electronic
module (3), the optional cross connector (4) and the optional actuator module (5).

Loosen the cable leading to the lighting PCB from the rear light affected.

Remove all cable ties and pull the cable out of the wheelchair.

Loosen the butterfly nut (2). The plastic housing is held by a butterfly nut which is undone from
below.

Remove the plastic cover (1).

87

SERVICE MANUAL

Open the connector plug (3) for the rear light which needs to be replaced.

The rear lights are only clamped in by the plastic housing. If required, replace the red rear
light (2) or the indicator (1). The cables are labelled appropriately.

Dismantling the rear light


Refit the parts in reverse order.

88

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Tighten all the screws finger-tight again.

Check all vehicle functions.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.8.13 Replacing the rear bulbholder (conventional lighting system until 08/2014)
Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
socket spanner, 8 mm
socket spanner, 13 mm

Dismantling the bulbholder:


Remove the complete rear light as described in chapter 8.8.8.

Undo the two retaining screws (2) with a 13 mm socket spanner and remove the screws
complete with washers.

Replace the bulbholder (1).

Refitting the bulbholder:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

Check all vehicle functions.

89

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.8.14 Replacing the rear bulbholder (conventional lighting system until 08/2014)
Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
socket spanner, 8 mm
socket spanner, 13 mm

Dismantling the bulbholder:


Remove the complete rear light as described in chapter 8.8.10.

Undo the two retaining screws (2) with a 13 mm socket spanner and remove the screws
complete with washers.

Replace the bulbholder (1).

Refitting the bulbholder:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

90

Check all vehicle functions.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.8.15 Replacing the rear bulbholder - TDX SP2 (conventional lighting system)
Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
socket spanner, 8 mm
3/16" Allen key

Dismantling the bulbholder:


Remove the complete rear light as described in chapter 8.8.11.

Undo the two retaining screws (2) on the chassis with a 3/16" Allen key and remove the screws
including the washers.

Replace the bulbholder (1).

Refitting the bulbholder:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

Check all vehicle functions.

91

SERVICE MANUAL

8.9

Wheel forks front/rear

8.9.1

Replacing the wheel fork

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
5/8 socket spanner
Removing the wheel forks:

92

Undo the Philips screw (2).

Take the cover cap (2) off the castor housing (3).

Loosen the nut (1) with a 5/8" socket spanner.

Remove the washer (2).

Pull the wheel fork (8) and the spacer (7) away downwards.

If necessary, you should also remove the ball-bearings (3) and (6) in addition to the tolerance
rings (4) and (5).

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Refitting the wheel fork:

If you removed them, replace the tolerance rings (4) and (5) and the ball-bearings (3) and (6).

Place the spacer (7) on the wheel fork (8).

Insert the wheel fork from underneath.

Fit the washer (2) from above.

Fit the nut (1) and tighten it with a 5/8" socket spanner loosely so that the wheel forks can just
turn.

Adjust the castor as described in chapter 8.9.2.

Place the cover cap (1) on the castor housing (3).

Tighten the Philips screw (2) finger-tight.

93

SERVICE MANUAL

8.9.2

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Adjusting the wheel fork


WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The mobility device is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.

Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
5/8 socket spanner
Note
The front and rear wheels are adjusted in the same manner. The following illustrations only show
the front castor.

94

If necessary, remove the Philips screw (1) and the cover cap (2).

Tilt the wheelchair to the rear. Use proper lifting techniques.

Rotate the wheel forks (5) upwards.

Let go of the wheel forks so that they can swing downwards again.

Adjust the nut (4) with a 5/8 socket spanner so that the wheel forks are not too loose but can
still rotate freely.
The wheel forks should oscillate to the opposite side a maximum of once and then come to
rest facing downwards.

Place the wheelchair on all four wheels again.

Test the wheelchair's manoeuvrability.

Repeat the adjustment steps if necessary until the castors are correctly adjusted.

Replace the cap (2) and tighten the Philips screw (1) finger-tight.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.9.3

SERVICE MANUAL

Replacing the wheels on double-sided wheel forks


Requirements:
7/16 socket spanner
7/16 jaw spanner
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)

Removing the wheel:


Loosen the nut (2) with a 7/16" socket spanner.

Remove the bolt (6) with a 7/16" socket spanner.

Remove the two washers (3) and (5).

Remove the wheel (4).

Replace any defective parts.

Refitting the wheel:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

Tighten the bolt (6) and the nut (2) to 18 Nm.

95

SERVICE MANUAL

8.10

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Drive wheels

8.10.1 Replacing the drive wheel


WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The mobility device is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Injury hazard caused by uncontrolled movement of the mobility device!
Switch the power supply off (ON/OFF key).
Engage the drive.
Before raising the vehicle, secure the wheels by blocking them with wedges.
Requirements:
7/8 Allen key
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)

Removing the drive wheel:


Lift the wheelchair up on one side and place a 14 cm high wooden block underneath it so that
the drive wheel is off the ground and can rotate freely. Use proper lifting techniques.

If necessary, repeat this procedure for the other side of the wheelchair.

Remove the five 7/8" Allen screws (1).

Take the wheel (2) off the wheel hub.

Refitting the drive wheel:


Refit the wheel in reverse order.

96

Tighten the bolts to 18 Nm.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.10.2 Replacing the tyre or inner tube


Note
There are three different types of tyres or inner tubes, and specific points must be observed for
the replacement of each type.
It is easy to tell the difference between the tyre or inner tube types:
Pneumatic tyres have black valve caps.
Puncture-protected tyres have red valve caps
puncture-proof tyres have no valves.
Please proceed in accordance with the appropriate chapter:
Replacing pneumatic tyres see chapter 8.10.2.1
Replacing puncture-protected tyres see chapter 8.10.2.2
Replacing puncture-proof tyres see chapter 8.10.2.3
8.10.2.1 Replacing pneumatic tyres
Note
Pneumatic tyres have black valve caps. Puncture-protected tyres have red valve caps
Requirements:
7/8 Allen key
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
Repair kit for tyre repair or a new inner tube
Tyre pump or compressor
Talcum powder

97

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Removing the tyres:


Remove the wheel as described in chapter 8.10.1.
ATTENTION: Explosion hazard!
There is considerable pressure in the tyre. Danger of injury! Parts can be thrown out and
injure you if you do not evacuate all the air from the tyre.
Press the release pin in the valve inwards and evacuate all the air from the tyre.

Remove the valve cover (4).

Press the release pin in the valve inwards and evacuate all the air from the tyre.

Loosen the five 7/8" Allen screws (2) on the inside of the wheel.

Remove the inside (3) and outside ring (1) on the wheel rim from the tyres (5).

Replace any defective or worn parts.

Refitting the tyres:


Refit the tyres onto the wheel rim in reverse order.
Note
If the old inner tube is to be repaired and re-used, and has become wet during repair, you can
make replacement easier by sprinkling the inner tube with a little talcum powder.

98

When putting the rim rings back together, ensure that drillholes and threads for the bolts are
exactly over each other.

Tighten the Allen screws (2) to 18 Nm.

Inflate the inner tube to the specified air pressure.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.10.2.2 Replacing puncture-protected tyres


Note
Pneumatic tyres have black valve caps. Puncture-protected tyres have red valve caps
Requirements:
7/8" Allen key
Two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
Torque spanner 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
Repair kit for tyre repair or a new inner tube
Tyre pump or compressor
Talcum powder

Removing the tyres:


Remove the wheel as described in chapter 8.10.1.
ATTENTION: Explosion hazard!
There is considerable pressure in the tyre. Danger of injury! Parts can be thrown out and
injure you if you do not evacuate all the air from the tyre.
Press the release pin in the valve inwards and evacuate all the air from the tyre.
CAUTION!
Material damage hazard. The valve can become blocked by the puncture protection gel and
be unusable!
During the following work you should always hold the valve up so that the puncture protection
gel cannot enter the valve.

Remove the valve cover (4).

Press the release pin in the valve inwards and evacuate all the air from the tyre.

Undo the five 7/8 Allen screws (2) on the inside of the wheel.

Remove the inner (3) and outer (1) ring of the rim from the tyre (5).

Replace any defective or worn parts.

99

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Refitting the tyres:


Refit the tyres to the rim in the reverse sequence.
Note
If the old inner tube is to be repaired and re-used, and has become wet during repair, you can
make replacement easier by sprinkling the inner tube with a little talcum powder.

100

When fitting the rim rings together, ensure that the drillholes and threads for the bolts are
placed exactly above each other.

Tighten the Allen screws (2) to 18 Nm.

Inflate the inner tube to the specified air pressure.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.10.2.3 Replacing puncture-proof tyres


Requirements:
7/8" Allen key
Two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
Three joiner's clamps with plastic caps
Torque spanner 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
Talcum powder

Removing the tyres:


Remove the wheel as described in chapter 8.10.1.
ATTENTION: Explosion hazard!
There is considerable pressure in the tyre. Danger of injury! Parts can be thrown out and
injure you if you do not secure the rim rings.
Secure the rim rings with joiner's clamps.

Secure the rim rings against unexpected discharge with three joiner's clamps. When doing so,
ensure that you do not scratch the rims.

Undo the five 7/8 Allen screws (2) on the inside of the wheel.

Now loosen the joiner's clamps carefully and alternately until you can remove the rim rings
without danger.

Remove the inner (3) and outer (1) ring of the rim from the tyre (4).

Replace any defective or worn parts.

Refitting the tyres:


Refit the tyres to the rim in the reverse sequence.

When fitting the rim rings together, ensure that the drillholes and threads for the bolts are
placed exactly above each other.

Place the joiner's clamps in position.

Tighten the joiner's clamps alternately in small stages until the rim rings are precisely aligned.

Tighten the Allen screws (2) to 18 Nm.

101

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.10.3 Replacing the drive wheel hub (Standard motor)


CAUTION!
Possible material damage to mobility device! Collisions can be caused if the adjusting
washers are removed during fitting work to the drive wheels!
Adjusting washers are often fitted between the drive shaft and the wheel hub to even out
tolerances. If these adjusting washers are removed and not replaced again, collisions can be
caused.
Always replace the adjusting washers exactly as they were before you started dismantling.
Requirements:
socket spanner, 20 mm

Removing the drive wheel hub:


Loosen and remove the nuts (4) with a 20 mm socket spanner.

Remove the washer (3).

Take the wheel hub (5) off the axle (2).

Take the feather key (1) off the axle.

Refitting the drive wheel hub:


Refit the drive wheel hub parts in reverse order.

102

Use a thin film of lubricant to make pushing the wheel hub onto the axle easier.

Tighten the nuts (4) to 60 Nm.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.10.4 Replacing the drive wheel hub (SSD motor)


CAUTION!
Possible material damage to mobility device! Collisions can be caused if the adjusting
washers are removed during fitting work to the drive wheels!
Adjusting washers are often fitted between the drive shaft and the wheel hub to even out
tolerances. If these adjusting washers are removed and not replaced again, collisions can be
caused.
Always replace the adjusting washers exactly as they were before you started dismantling.
Requirements:
socket spanner, 19 mm

Removing the drive wheel hub:


Loosen and remove the nuts (7) with a 19 mm socket spanner.

Remove the washer (6).

Remove the distance ring (5).

Take the wheel hub (4) off the axle (2).

Remove the shim ring (3).

Take the feather key (1) off the axle.

Refitting the drive wheel hub:


Refit the drive wheel hub parts in reverse order.

Use a thin film of lubricant to make pushing the wheel hub onto the axle easier.

Tighten the nuts (4) to 60 Nm.

103

SERVICE MANUAL

8.11

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Rear wheel suspension

8.11.1 Removing the rear wheel suspension


WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The mobility device is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Injury hazard caused by uncontrolled movement of the mobility device!
Switch the power supply off (ON/OFF key).
Engage the drive.
Before raising the vehicle, secure the wheels by blocking them with wedges.
Requirements:
5/16 Allen key
5/32 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
torque wrench 0 - 20 Nm (or similar)
torque wrench 20 - 80 Nm (or similar)
oblique pliers
cable ties
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm

104

Lift the wheelchair up on one side and place a 14 cm high wooden block under the battery case
so that the wheels are off the ground and can rotate freely. Use proper lifting techniques.

Repeat the same procedure on the other side of the wheelchair.

Remove the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

Ensure you note the cable routing carefully. If necessary, take photos with a digital camera.

Remove all cables and cable ties which are fixed to the wheel suspension or which could get in
the way during work.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Undo the two bolts (3) with a 5/32" Allen key and remove the bolts including the nylon washer
(2).

Undo and remove the two bolts (4) with a 5/16" Allen key and remove the bolts including the
bushes (5).
If only one of the two bolts can be removed, proceed as described in chapter 8.11.2 as an
alternative.

Take the complete rear wheel suspension off.

Now you can replace individual parts such as the suspension arms (1) or the pivot bar (4).

Please see chapter 8.11.3 to replace the wheel suspension at a later time.

105

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.11.2 Removing the rear wheel suspension alternative method


Requirements:
more wooden blocks or
joiner's clamps

Carry out the following steps if only one of the two bolts (4) can be undone.

Ensure that the rear springs are compressed:


Block method:
Raise the suspension arms and replace the wooden blocks underneath them until the
springs are compressed.
Clamp method:
Lower the suspension arms downwards as far as possible.
Remove the rubber caps (9).
Press the springs together with a joiner's clamp or similar clamp.

106

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Remove the pivot bar (4) by putting it sideways out of the guides together with the remaining
bolt and the socket.

Please see chapter 8.11.4 to replace the wheel suspension at a later time.

107

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.11.3 Refitting the rear wheel suspension

Position the complete rear wheel suspension between the two mounting points (6).

Fit the two sockets (5) and the two bolts (4).

Tighten the bolts to 60 Nm.

Ensure that the rear springs are compressed:


Block method:
Lift the suspension arm and place wooden blocks or similar underneath it until the springs
are pressed together and the nylon spacer (2) can be fitted into the recesses provided in
the suspension (6).
Clamp method:
Remove the rubber caps (9).
Press the springs together with a joiner's clamp or similar suitable clamp until the nylon
spacer (2) can be fitted into the recesses provided in the suspension (6).

108

Fit the two bolts (3) including the nylon spacer (2).

Tighten the bolts to 8.5 Nm.

Replace the two rubber caps (9) if necessary.

Reinsert all the necessary plugs and fix the cables with cable ties as previously (see also
chapter 8.5.8).

Refit the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

Lift the wheelchair off the wooden blocks.

Check all the wheelchair functions.

If necessary, carry out adjustments to the setting screw on the stability lock system as
described in chapter 8.24.5.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.11.4 Refitting the rear wheel suspension alternative method

Position the complete rear wheel suspension between the two mounting points (6).

Position the mounting (5) centrally between the two suspension arms (1).

Push the pivot bar (4) including the remaining bolts and the socket from the side through the
guides, the suspension arm bushes and the mounting.

Refit the sockets and bolts you have removed.

Tighten the bolts to 60 Nm.

109

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Ensure that the rear springs are compressed:


Block method:
Lift the suspension arm and place wooden blocks or similar underneath it until the springs
are pressed together and the nylon spacer (2) can be fitted into the recesses provided in
the suspension (6).
Clamp method:
Remove the rubber caps (9).
Press the springs together with a joiner's clamp or similar suitable clamp until the nylon
spacer (2) can be fitted into the recesses provided in the suspension (6).

110

Fit the two bolts (3) including the nylon spacer (2).

Tighten the bolts to 8.5 Nm.

Replace the two rubber caps (9) if necessary.

Reinsert all the necessary plugs and fix the cables with cable ties as previously (see also
chapter 8.5.8).

Refit the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

Lift the wheelchair off the wooden blocks.

Check all the wheelchair functions.

If necessary, carry out adjustments to the setting screw on the stability lock system as
described in chapter 8.24.5.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.12

SERVICE MANUAL

Rear springs

8.12.1 Removing the rear springs


Note
Invacare recommends always replacing both springs simultaneously in order to ensure that the
wheelchair works perfectly.
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The mobility device is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Injury hazard caused by uncontrolled movement of the mobility device!
Switch the power supply off (ON/OFF key).
Engage the drive.
Before raising the vehicle, secure the wheels by blocking them with wedges.
Requirements:
5/6 Allen key
5/32 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
blade screwdriver
1/4 socket spanner
5/16 socket spanner
torque wrench 0 - 20 Nm (or similar)
oblique pliers
cable ties
M8 washer
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm

Lift the wheelchair up on one side and place a 14 cm high wooden block under the battery case
so that the wheels are off the ground and can rotate freely. Use proper lifting techniques.

Repeat the same procedure on the other side of the wheelchair.

Remove the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

Ensure you note the cable routing carefully. If necessary, take photos with a digital camera.

Remove all cables and cable ties which are fixed to the wheel suspension or which could get in
the way during work.

Remove both the stability lock system protective caps.


The protective caps on the stability lock system will either be held using a screw or a cable tie
depending on the wheelchair's date of manufacture.

111

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Ensure that the rear springs (7) are compressed:


Block method:
Raise the suspension arms (6) and place wooden blocks underneath them until the springs
are pressed together enough so that the nylon stopper (4) can be removed
Clamp method:
Undo both bolts (3) with a 5/32" Allen key and remove the bolts including the nylon
spacer (2)
Make sure the suspension arms (6) are lowered as much as possible.
Remove the rubber caps (5).
Press the springs together with a joiner's clamp or similar suitable clamp until the nylon
stopper (4) can be removed.

112

Undo both nuts on the nylon stopper with a 5/16" socket spanner and remove the nuts, the
washers and the nylon stopper. It may be necessary to use a blade screwdriver to loosen the
nylon stopper.

Remove the wooden blocks or joiner's clamps carefully so that the springs are released.

Remove the springs.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.12.2 Refitting the rear springs


Note
Invacare recommends always replacing both springs simultaneously in order to ensure that the
wheelchair works perfectly.
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The mobility device is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Injury hazard caused by uncontrolled movement of the mobility device!
Switch the power supply off (ON/OFF key).
Engage the drive.
Before raising the vehicle, secure the wheels by blocking them with wedges.
Requirements:
5/6 Allen key
5/32 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
blade screwdriver
1/4 socket spanner
5/16 socket spanner
torque wrench 0 - 20 Nm (or similar)
oblique pliers
cable ties
M8 washer
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm

113

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Put the springs (7) into position between the suspension arm (6) and the stop (1).

Ensure that the rear springs are compressed:


Block method:
Raise the suspension arms and replace the wooden blocks underneath them until the
springs are compressed.
Clamp method:
Press the springs together with a joiner's clamp or similar suitable clamp until the nylon
spacer (2) can be fitted into the recesses provided in the suspension (6).
Fit the two bolts (3) including the nylon spacer (2).
Tighten the bolts to 8.5 Nm.

114

Fit the two nylon stoppers (4).

Fit the washer and nuts to secure the nylon stoppers.

Tighten the nuts to 8.5 Nm.

Remove the wooden blocks or joiner's clamps carefully so that the springs are released.

Reinsert all the necessary plugs and fix the cables with cable ties as previously (see also
chapter 8.5.8).

Refit the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

Lift the wheelchair off the wooden blocks.

Check all the wheelchair functions.

If necessary, carry out adjustments to the setting screw on the stability lock system as
described in chapter 8.24.5.

Fit both the stability lock system protective caps.


The protective caps on the stability lock system will either be held using a screw or a cable tie
depending on the wheelchair's date of manufacture.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.13

SERVICE MANUAL

Bottom walking beam


Requirements:
5/8 Allen key
5/16 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
1/2 socket spanner
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm

Removing the bottom walking beam:


Remove the drive wheel as described in chapter 8.10.1.

Remove the front castor housing as described in chapter 8.17.

Remove the nut (4) with a 1/2" socket spanner.

Remove the washer (1).

Pull the bottom walking beam (3) off the axle.

Take the spacer (2) off the axle.

Refitting the bottom walking beam:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

Tighten the nuts (4) to 18 Nm.

115

SERVICE MANUAL

8.14

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Top walking beam

8.14.1 Removing the top walking beam


Requirements:
5/8 Allen key
7/8 Allen key
5/16 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
1/2 socket spanner
1/4 socket spanner
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm

116

Remove the batteries as described in chapters 8.5.1 and 8.5.2/8.5.3.

Ensure you note the cable routing carefully. If necessary, take photos with a digital camera.

Remove the drive wheel as described in chapter 8.10.1.

Remove the front castor housing as described in chapter 8.24.

Remove the rubber bumper as described in chapter 8.16.

Pull the motor plug (1) out of the electronic module.

Note carefully how the motor cable is routed.

If necessary, remove any existing cable ties which are fixing the motor cable.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Rotate the top walking beam (11) until the Allen screw (5) is in line with the opening (3) in the
battery case (4).

Remove the nut (10), which secures the 5/16" Allen screw (5) using a 1/4" socket spanner.

Push the Allen screw (5) towards the battery case until the gas cylinder is free of the top
walking beam.

Fix the gas cylinder in place with a cable tie or suitable adhesive tape.

Remove the nut (8) with a 1/2" socket spanner.

Remove the washer (9).

Remove the top walking beam including motor/transmission unit from the axle.

Remove the washer (1) from the axle.

117

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.14.2 Refitting the top walking beam


Requirements:
5/8 Allen key
7/8 Allen key
5/16 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
1/2 socket spanner
1/4 socket spanner
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm

118

Place the washer (1) on the battery case (4) rear axle.

Push the top walking beam (11) including motor/transmission unit onto the axle.

Push the washer (9) onto the axle.

Fit the nut (8) onto the axle.

Tighten the nut (8) to 18 Nm.

Rotate the nut (8) back by 1/4 turn.

Raise the rear wheel suspension to free the gas cylinder (2).

Position the gas cylinder so that the 5/16 x2 .50" Allen screw (5) is in line with the opening (3)
in the battery case (4).

Rotate the top walking beam (11) until the drillhole for the Allen screw (5) is in line with the
opening (3) in the battery case (4).

Push the Allen screw (5) through the gas cylinder and the top walking beam.

Fit the 1/4-20" nut (10) onto the Allen screw (5) and tighten it to 8.5 Nm.

Refit the rubber bumper as described in chapter 8.16.

Refit the front castor housing as described in chapter 8.17.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Refit the batteries as described in chapters 8.5.1 and 8.5.2/8.5.3.

Refit the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

Refit the front panel as described in chapter 8.1.1.

Fit the drive wheel as described in chapter 8.10.1.

SERVICE MANUAL

119

SERVICE MANUAL

8.15

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Drive unit

8.15.1 Replacing the motor/transmission unit (Standard motor)


WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The wheelchair is very heavy. Danger of injury to the hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Danger of injury due to uncontrolled movement of the wheelchair!
Switch the vehicle's power system off (ON-/OFF key).
Engage the drive motors.
Secure the vehicle against rolling away by placing wedges under the wheels.
ATTENTION: Danger of crushing!
The motor gearbox unit is extremely heavy. Injury hazards to hands!
Please note the high weight
Requirements:
5/8 Allen key
7/8 Allen key
5/16 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
1/2 socket spanner
1/4 socket spanner
5/16 socket spanner
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
torque wrench 10 - 80 Nm (or similar)
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
Removing the motor/transmission unit:
Remove the drive wheel as described in chapter 8.10.1.

120

Remove the wheel hub as described in chapter 8.10.3.

Remove the bottom walking beam as described in chapter 8.13.

Remove the top walking beam as described in chapter 8.14.

Loosen and remove the three nuts (2) with a 5/16" socket spanner.

Remove the washers (3).

Take note of the optional wheel lock (6) if fitted.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

ATTENTION: Danger of crushing!


The motor gearbox unit is extremely heavy. Injury hazards to hands!
Please note the high weight

Pull the motor/transmission unit (4) off the bolt.

Refitting the motor/transmission unit:


Replace the defective parts.

Refit the motor/transmission unit in reverse order.

Tighten the motor bolts (5) to 30 Nm.

121

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.15.2 Replacing the motor/transmission unit (SSD motor)


WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The wheelchair is very heavy. Danger of injury to the hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Danger of injury due to uncontrolled movement of the wheelchair!
Switch the vehicle's power system off (ON-/OFF key).
Engage the drive motors.
Secure the vehicle against rolling away by placing wedges under the wheels.
ATTENTION: Danger of crushing!
The motor gearbox unit is extremely heavy. Injury hazards to hands!
Please note the high weight
Requirements:
6 mm Allenkey
5/8 Allen key
7/8 Allen key
5/16 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
13 mm socket spanner
1/2 socket spanner
1/4 socket spanner
5/16 socket spanner
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
torque wrench 10 - 80 Nm (or similar)
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
Uninstalling the motor / gear box unit:
Remove the rear battery box cover, as described in chapter 8.1.2 (TDX SP) or chapter 8.2.2
(TDX SP2).

122

Disconnect the motor plug from the power module.

Open the cable ties so you can freely access the motor cable.

Remove the drive wheel, as described in chapter 8.10.1.

Remove the wheel hub, as described in chapter 8.10.4.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Use a 1/2" socket wrench to loosen the four hexagon head screws (3).

Remove the screws.

Pull the motor/gear box unit (1) off of the Walking Beam (2). Take into account the heavy
weight of the unit.

Installing the motor / gearbox unit:


Replace the defective components.

Before installing a new motor / gearbox unit, make sure the sealing ring is correctly mounted.
The sealing ring securely attaches the motor and the gearbox. The ring must be installed such
that the self-locking nut is located on the outside.

If the sealing ring is incorrectly installed, rotate it around as described in chapter 8.15.3.

Install the motor / gearbox unit in reverse order.


Use the scale to align the motor to the centre axis (1)
2-pole motors and 4-pole motors:
- Left:
0
- Right:
0
Make sure that the motor cable cannot be pinched or bent, and
that it is not exposed to chafing in any place.
To conclude, you should always carry out a trial run to test the
vehicle functions.

123

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.15.3 Replacing or rotating the motor / gearbox unit sealing ring (SSD motor)
CAUTION: Danger of crushing!
The motor / gearbox unit is very heavy. Danger of injury to the hands!
Pay attention to the heavy weight.
Requirements:
6 mm Allen key
5/8 Allen key
7/8 Allen key
5/16 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
10 mm socket spanner
1/2 socket spanner
1/4 socket spanner
5/16 socket spanner
torque wrench 0 - 25 Nm (or similar)
torque wrench 10 - 80 Nm (or similar)
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm

Uninstalling the sealing ring:


Uninstall the motor / gearbox unit, as described in chapter 8.15.2.

124

Use the 10 mm socket wrench to loosen and remove the self-securing nuts (2) including the
washers.

Remove the carriage bolt (2), which secures the sealing ring (3).

Carefully bend the sealing ring apart and remove it.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Installing the sealing ring:


Install the sealing ring so that the square hole for the carriage bolt is on the inside of the
wheelchair.

Insert the carriage bolt through the sealing ring.

Install the washer and the self-locking nut.

Do not tighten the self-locking nut completely, as the motor orientation must be adjusted during
installation.

125

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.15.4 Replacing the motor/transmission clutch (Standard Motor)


CAUTION: Danger of crushing!
The motor / gearbox unit is very heavy. Danger of injury to the hands!
Pay attention to the heavy weight.
Requirements:
5/8 Allen key
7/8 Allen key
5/16 Allen key
6 mm Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
1/2 socket spanner
1/4 socket spanner
5/16 socket spanner
torque wrench 0 - 20 Nm (or similar)
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
torque wrench 10 - 80 Nm (or similar)
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
Removing the motor/transmission clutch:

Remove the motor/transmission unit as described in chapter 8.15.1.

Loosen the two Allen screws (1) with a 6 mm Allen key and remove them including the
washers (2).

WARNING!
Material damage hazard if the coupling is improperly handled.
Please proceed carefully so that you do not damage the motor-gearbox coupling.

126

Pull the motor (3) and transmission unit (4) carefully apart.

Remove the clutch individual parts (5).

Replace the clutch if necessary.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Refitting the motor/transmission clutch:

Place the new clutch (2) on the motor axle (3). Note the position of the groove.

Push the motor carefully into the transmission. Observe the position of the groove in the
transmission axle (4). If necessary, rotate the transmission axle into the right position.

Refit the two M6 Allen screws (1) including washers (2). Tighten the Allen screws to 8.5 Nm.

Refit the motor/transmission unit as described in chapter 8.15.1.

127

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.15.5 Replacing the motor/transmission clutch (SSD Motor)


CAUTION: Danger of crushing!
The motor / gearbox unit is very heavy. Danger of injury to the hands!
Pay attention to the heavy weight.
Requirements:
5/8 Allen key
7/8 Allen key
5/16 Allen key
6 mm Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
10 mm socket spanner
1/2 socket spanner
1/4 socket spanner
5/16 socket spanner
torque wrench 0 - 20 Nm (or similar)
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
torque wrench 10 - 80 Nm (or similar)
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm

Uninstalling the motor / gearbox coupling:


Uninstall the motor / gearbox unit, as described in chapter 8.15.2.

Use the 10 mm socket wrench to loosen and remove the self-securing nut (3).

Remove the carriage bolt (6), which secures the sealing ring (5).

Carefully bend the sealing ring apart and remove it.

WARNING!
Material damage hazard if the coupling is improperly handled.
Please proceed carefully so that you do not damage the motor-gearbox coupling.

128

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Pull the motor (4) and transmission unit (1) carefully apart.

Remove the clutch individual parts (7).

Replace the clutch if necessary.

SERVICE MANUAL

Refitting the motor/transmission clutch:

Place the new clutch (7) on the motor axle. Pay attention to the position of the groove.

Position the locking ring (5) on the motor (4) or the gearbox (1).

Carefully insert the motor into the gearbox. Pay attention to the position of the groove in the
axle of the gearbox. If necessary, rotate the motor and gearbox to the correct position.

Insert the carriage bolt through the locking ring. Do not forget the spacer sleeve (2)!

Install the washer and the self-locking nut.

Do not tighten the self-locking nut completely, as the motor orientation must be adjusted during
installation.

Install the motor / gearbox unit, as described in chapter 8.15.2.

129

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.15.6 Replacing the carbon brushes (SSD motor)


Note
Always replace all the carbon brushes on both motors.
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The mobility device is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Requirements:
5 mm Allen key
6mm Allen key
10 mm socket spanner
19 mm socket spanner
Screwdriver
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
Removing the carbon brushes:
Switch the wheelchair off.

Remove the drive wheels as described in chapter 8.10.1.

Disengage the motor (1) by setting the engaging lever to "Push".

Note
In the case of the SSD motor, you can unto the bolt (5) with a 10 mm socket spanner and then
turn the motor around so that you can access the rear carbon brushes more easily.

Undo all four plastic caps (3) with a blade screwdriver and remove the caps.

Pull the carbon brushes (4) a little out of the brush holder. Note the fixing position and location
of the carbon brushes.

Note
If the carbon brushes were checked but not replaced, you must know their exact fitting position.
Used carbon brushes need to the refitted exactly in the same position from which they were taken
in order to guarantee optimum contact to the collector.

130

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Make a marking on the motor and the carbon brushes in order to guarantee correct refitting.

Remove the carbon brushes complete from the mounting (2).

Check the carbon brushes and springs for the level of wear, broken components or
discolouration.

Refitting the carbon brushes:


Depending on the condition of the brushes and the spring:
- either replace the brushes in exactly the same position from which they were taken or
- fit new brushes.

Replace the plastic caps and tighten them.

Refit the top walking beams as described in chapter 8.14.2.

Refit the bottom walking beams as described in chapter 8.13.

Refit the drive wheels as described in chapter 8.10.1.

Note
The following procedure is necessary to run the carbon brushes in after replacement and to
therefore guarantee maximum performance.
WARNING: Risk of accidents!
Hazards to workers, surroundings and mobility device!
Do not leave the mobility device unattended during the following procedure!
Stellen Sie sicher, dass BEIDE Antriebsrder angehoben werden und den Boden nicht
berhren knnen.
Secure the area.

Lift the wheelchair up on one side and place a 14 cm high wooden block underneath it so that
the drive wheel is suspended freely. Use proper lifting techniques.

Repeat the same procedure on the other side of the wheelchair.

Allow the motors to run in the forward direction for an hour.

Allow the motors to cool down for 30 minutes.

Allow the motors to run in the reverse direction for an hour.

Lift the wheelchair off the wooden blocks.

131

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.15.7 Replacing the carbon brushes (Standard motor)


Note
Always replace all the carbon brushes on both motors.
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The mobility device is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Requirements:
5/8 Allen key
7/8 Allen key
5/16 Allen key
blade screwdriver
Phillips screwdriver size 2
1/2 socket spanner
1/4 socket spanner
5/16 socket spanner
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
Removing the carbon brushes:
Switch the wheelchair off.

Remove the drive wheels as described in chapter 8.10.1.

Remove the bottom walking beams as described in chapter 8.13.

Remove the top walking beams as described in chapter 8.14.

Disengage the motor (1) by setting the engaging lever to "Push".

Undo all four plastic caps (3) with a blade screwdriver and remove the caps.

Pull the carbon brushes (4) a little out of the brush holder. Note the fixing position and location
of the carbon brushes.

Note
If the carbon brushes were checked but not replaced, you must know their exact fitting position.
Used carbon brushes need to the refitted exactly in the same position from which they were taken
in order to guarantee optimum contact to the collector.

132

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Make a marking on the motor and the carbon brushes in order to guarantee correct refitting.

Remove the carbon brushes complete from the mounting (2).

Check the carbon brushes and springs for the level of wear, broken components or
discolouration.

Refitting the carbon brushes:


Depending on the condition of the brushes and the spring:
- either replace the brushes in exactly the same position from which they were taken or
- fit new brushes.

Replace the plastic caps and tighten them.

Refit the top walking beams as described in chapter 8.14.2.

Refit the bottom walking beams as described in chapter 8.13.

Refit the drive wheels as described in chapter 8.10.1.

Note
The following procedure is necessary to run the carbon brushes in after replacement and to
therefore guarantee maximum performance.
WARNING: Risk of accidents!
Hazards to workers, surroundings and mobility device!
Do not leave the mobility device unattended during the following procedure!
Make sure that BOTH drive wheels are off the ground before calibrating.
Secure the area.

Lift the wheelchair up on one side and place a 14 cm high wooden block underneath it so that
the drive wheel is suspended freely. Use proper lifting techniques.

Repeat the same procedure on the other side of the wheelchair.

Allow the motors to run in the forward direction for an hour.

Allow the motors to cool down for 30 minutes.

Allow the motors to run in the reverse direction for an hour.

Lift the wheelchair off the wooden blocks.

133

SERVICE MANUAL

8.16

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Replacing the rubber bumper


Note
Invacare recommends that you replace all the rubber bumpers as soon as one needs replacing.
Requirements:
5/16 socket spanner
7/8 Allen key
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)

Removing the rubber bumper:


Remove the drive wheel as described in chapter 8.10.1.

Undo and remove the 5/16" nut (3).

Remove the washer (2).

Remove the rubber bumper (1).

Refitting the rubber bumper:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

134

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.17

SERVICE MANUAL

Castor housing front


Requirements:
5/16 Allen key
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)

Removing the front castor housing:


Remove the two Allen screws (1) with a 5/16" Allen key.

Remove the two nylon washers (2).

Remove the castor housing (5) from the top walking beam (3) and the bottom walking beam
(4).

Refitting the front castor housing:


Refit the parts in reverse order.

Tighten the Allen screws to the following sequence:


- tighten all the screws to 18 Nm.
- turn the screws back by
1/8 turn

135

SERVICE MANUAL

8.18

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Seat system

8.18.1 Replacing tilt module / lifter module


Note
Depending on which tilt module is installed, either chapter 8.18.1.1 or 8.18.1.2 applies. You can
determine the type of tilt module by the maximum adjustment angle it allows:
Max. angle is larger than 30: See chapter 8.18.1.1
Max. angle is smaller than 30: See chapter 8.18.1.2

8.18.1.1 Replacing the tilt module (max. > 30) (without a lifter)
Note
This chapter discusses how to replace a tilt module (max. > 30) on a chair without a lifter.
Similar tasks are described In the following chapters:
Replacing only the seat support chapter 8.18.5
Replacing a tilt module (max. < 30) chapter 8.18.1.2
Replacing a combined lifter/tilt module chapter 8.18.2
Replacing only the tilt actuator chapter 8.18.3
Replacing only the lifter actuator chapter 8.18.4
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The seat and the tilt module are very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
1/2 socket spanner
13/32 socket spanner
5/32 Allen key
oblique pliers
cable ties
Note
Make sure you have noted the seat settings. Mark the fitting positions, alignment etc. If
necessary, take photos with a digital camera.
Any changes to the seat settings influence the centre of gravity of the wheelchair. If changes are
made to the seat settings, the stability lock system settings must be checked and readjusted if
necessary, as described in chapter 8.24.5.
Removing the tilt module:
Remove the legrests.

136

Remove the seat cushion.

Activate the tilt module to tilt the seat a little towards the rear.

Remove the rear panel as described in chapter 8.1.2.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Pull the tilt module plug (1) out of the actuator module.

Unclip the cable. Remove any cable ties which are fitted.

Undo the six nuts (1) with a 13/32" socket spanner and remove the six 5/32" Allen screws.

WARNING: Danger of crushing!


The seat and the tilt module are very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.

Lift the seat up off the tilt module. Use proper lifting techniques.

Loosen the four bolts (2) with a 1/2" socket spanner.

Lift the tilt module off the seat support. Use proper lifting techniques.

Refitting the tilt module:


Refit the parts later in reverse order.

137

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Replacing the tilt module microswitch


Requirements:
socket spanner, 10 mm
5 mm Allen key
oblique pliers
cable ties
Note
Either two microswitches, or one microswitch and an angular sensor, can be fitted. The angular
sensor, see sub chapter "Replacing the tilt module angular sensor" Page 140.
Removing the tilt module microswitch:

138

Undo and remove the two cap nuts (1) on the right-hand plastic cover (2) with a 10 mm socket
spanner.

Remove the plastic cover.

Remove the two washers (5).

Loosen and remove the two nuts (4) with a 10 mm socket spanner.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Remove the servo motor including transmission.

Undo the cable and plug for the microswitch. Remove any cable ties which are fitted.

Undo the Allen screws (3) with a 5 mm Allen key.

Take the microswitch mounting off.

Replace the microswitch.

Refitting the tilt module microswitch:


Refit the parts later in reverse order.

139

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Replacing the tilt module angular sensor


Requirements:
socket spanner, 10 mm
oblique pliers
cable ties
Removing the tilt module angular sensor:

Undo and remove the two cap nuts (1) on the right-hand plastic cover (2) with a 10 mm socket
spanner.

Remove the plastic cover.

Undo the cable and the plug from the angular sensor (1). Remove any cable ties which are
fitted.

Remove the cable ties holding the angular sensor.

Replace the angular sensor.

Refitting the angular sensor:


Refit the parts later in reverse order.

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SERVICE MANUAL

8.18.1.2 Replacing the tilt module (max. < 30) (without a lifter)
Note
This chapter discusses how to replace a tilt module (max. > 30) on a chair without a lifter.
Similar tasks are described In the following chapters:
Replacing only the seat support chapter 8.18.5
Replacing a tilt module (max. > 30) chapter 8.18.1.1
Replacing a combined lifter/tilt module chapter 8.18.2
Replacing only the tilt actuator chapter 8.18.3
Replacing only the lifter actuator chapter 8.18.4
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Requirements:
1/2 socket spanner
13 mm jaw spanner
4 mm Allen key
6 mm Allen key
oblique pliers
cable binder
Note
Make a careful note of the seat settings. Mark the fitting positions, alignments etc, and take
photos with a digital camera if necessary.
Every change to the seat settings influences the centre of gravity of the mobility device. If the
seat settings are changed, the stability lock system settings must be checked and readjusted if
necessary as described in chapter 8.24.5.
Removing the tilt module:
If possible, tilt the seat with the tilt module as far as possible to the rear.

Switch the controller off.

Remove the batteries as described in chapters 8.5.1 and 8.5.2/8.5.3.

The actuator module for the lifter and the tilt actuators is fitted to the front edge of the seat support.

Remove the two knurled screws (1) including washers.

Remove the cover (2).

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Pull the plug out of the actuator module.

Open the cable holder on the underside of the seat.

Uncover all the cables so that you can lift the seat up.

WARNING: Danger of crushing!


The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.

142

Undo the four bolts (1) which connect the seat to the tilt module using a 4 mm Allen key and a
13 mm open spanner.

Lift the seat off the lifter / tilt module. Use proper lifting techniques.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Undo the two Allen screws (3) on both sides of the seat with a 6 mm Allen key.

Remove the screws and the washers.

Lift the tilt module (1) off the battery case.

If one of the tilt mountings (2) needs to be replaced:


- undo the four bolts (4) on the appropriate side of the seat using a socket spanner.
- remove the tilt mounting.

Refitting the tilt module:


Refit the tilt module in the reverse sequence.

Tighten the connecting bolts between the tilt mounting and the battery case to 18 Nm.

When routing the cable, ensure that it has been placed in the cable clamps so that it cannot be
crushed or damaged in any way at any seat setting.

Refit the batteries including battery supports as described in chapters 8.5.2/8.5.3 and 8.5.1.

WARNING: Danger of crushing!


The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.

Refit the seat.

Adjust the stability lock system as described in chapter 8.24.5.

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8.18.2 Replacing the lifter / tilt module


Note
This chapter deals with replacing the seat support for a seat with lifter / tilt module.
Similar work is described in the following chapters:
Replacing a seat support only - chapter 8.18.5
Replacing a tilt module (max. > 30) - chapter 8.18.1.1
Replacing a tilt module (max. < 30) - chapter 8.18.1.2
Replacing the tilt actuator only - chapter 8.18.3
Replacing the lifter actuator only - chapter 8.18.4
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Requirements:
Crosshead screwdriver size 1
1/2 socket spanner
13 mm jaw spanner
6 mm wrench
4 mm Allen key
oblique pliers
cable binder
Note
Make a careful note of the seat settings. Mark the fitting positions, alignments etc, and take
photos with a digital camera if necessary.
Every change to the seat settings influences the centre of gravity of the mobility device. If the
seat settings are changed, the stability lock system settings must be checked and readjusted if
necessary as described in chapter 8.24.5.
Removing the lifter/tilt module:
Run the lifter up to the top position if possible.

If possible, tilt the seat with the tilt module as far as possible to the rear.

Switch the controller off.

Remove the batteries as described in chapters 8.5.1 and 8.5.2.

The actuator module for the lifter and the tilt actuators is fitted to the front edge of the seat support.

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Remove the two knurled screws (1) including washers.

Remove the cover (2).

Pull the plug out of the actuator module.

Open the cable holder on the underside of the seat.

Uncover all the cables so that you can lift the seat up.

SERVICE MANUAL

WARNING: Danger of crushing!


The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.

Undo the four bolts (1) which connect the seat to the lifter/tilt module using a 4 mm Allen key
and a 13 mm open spanner.

Lift the seat off the lifter / tilt module. Use proper lifting techniques.

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SERVICE MANUAL

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Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Open the lifter energy chain:


- lift the cover (1) up.
- pull the tab (2) out of the cover.
- repeat this part by part.

Remove the two cable ties which fix the cable to the ends of the energy chain.

Pull the cable out of the energy chain.

Use the Phillips screwdriver to loosen the screws (1).

Remove the power supply chain (2).

Use the Phillips screwdriver to loosen the screws (4).

Additionally the sensor (5) is secured with nuts.


Loosen the nuts by holding against a 6 mm wrench.

Remove the magnet (3).

Remove the sensor (5).

Undo the four bolts (2) on both sides of the seat using a socket spanner.

Lift the lifter/tilt module off the battery case.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Refitting the lifter/tilt module:


Refit the lifter/tilt module in the reverse sequence.

Tighten the connecting bolts between the lifter/tilt module and the battery case to 18 Nm.

When routing the cable, ensure that it has been placed in the cable clamps so that it cannot be
crushed or damaged in any way at any seat setting.

Refit the batteries including battery supports as described in chapters 8.5.2 and 8.5.1.

WARNING: Danger of crushing!


The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.

Refit the seat.

Adjust the stability lock system as described in chapter 8.24.5.

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8.18.3 Replacing the tilt actuator


Note
This chapter only deals with the replacement of the tilt actuator.
If you wish to replace the complete tilt module, please proceed as described in chapter 8.18.1.2
or 8.18.2.
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands if the seat is unintentionally folded down!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Ensure that the seat is properly secured before you start removing the actuator.
Requirements:
retaining ring pliers
oblique pliers
cable binder
Note
Make a careful note of the seat settings. Mark the fitting positions, alignments, cable routing etc,
and take photos with a digital camera if necessary.
Every change to the seat settings influences the centre of gravity of the mobility device. If the
seat settings are changed, the stability lock system settings must be checked and readjusted if
necessary as described in chapter 8.24.5.
Removing the tilt actuator:
Run the lifter up to the top position if possible.

If possible, tilt the seat with the tilt module as far as possible to the rear.

Switch the controller off.

The actuator module for the lifter and the tilt actuators is fitted to the front edge of the seat support.

148

Remove the two knurled screws (1) including washers.

Remove the cover (2).

Pull the plug out of the actuator module.

Open the cable holder on the underside of the seat.

Uncover the actuator cable so that you can pull it out of the tilt module later on together with
the actuator.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

WARNING: Danger of crushing!


The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands if the seat is unintentionally folded down!
Use proper lifting techniques.

Ensure that the seat is properly secured against unintentional folding down before you start
removing the actuator.
If you are unable to secure the seat, you must remove it completely.

If you are working on a combined lifter/tilt module, the tilt actuator is located in the upper section of
the module.

Remove the retaining ring (1) with the retaining ring pliers.

Push the bolts (4) out of the guides. When removing the front bolts, take care with the bushes
(3).

Remove the actuator from the tilt module.

Refitting the tilt actuator:


Refit all parts in the reverse sequence

Carry out a performance test.

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8.18.4 Replacing the lifter actuator


Note
This chapter only deals with the replacement of the lifter actuator.
If you wish to replace the complete lifter module, please proceed as described in chapter 8.18.2.
Possible methods:
The lifter actuator is very easy to replace if the lifter has been raised completely. Replacement is
slightly more complicated if the lifter is in the lowered position and cannot be run up. The work
required for both methods is described below.
If you wish to replace the lifter when it is in the raised position, please proceed as described in
chapter 8.18.4.1.
If you wish to replace the lifter when it is in the lowered position, please proceed as described in
chapter 8.18.4.2.
8.18.4.1 Method 1 - Removing the lifter actuator when the lifter is raised
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands if the seat is unintentionally folded down!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Ensure that the seat is properly secured before you start removing the actuator!
Requirements:
retaining ring pliers
oblique pliers
cable binder
Note
Make a careful note of the seat settings. Mark the fitting positions, alignments, cable routing etc,
and take photos with a digital camera if necessary.
Every change to the seat settings influences the centre of gravity of the mobility device. If the
seat settings are changed, the stability lock system settings must be checked and readjusted if
necessary as described in chapter 8.24.5.

Run the lifter up to the top position if possible.

If possible, tilt the seat with the tilt module as far as possible to the rear.

Switch the controller off.

The actuator module for the lifter and the tilt actuators is fitted to the front edge of the seat support.

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Remove the two knurled screws (1) including washers.

Remove the cover (2).

Pull the plug out of the actuator module.

Open the cable holder on the underside of the seat.

Uncover the actuator cable so that you can pull it out of the lifter module later on together with
the actuator.

WARNING: Danger of crushing!


The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands if the seat is unintentionally folded down!
Use proper lifting techniques.

Ensure that the seat is properly secured against unintentional folding or falling down before you
start removing the actuator.
If you are unable to secure the seat, you must remove it completely.

If you are working on a combined lifter/tilt module, the lifter actuator is located in the lower section
of the module.

Remove the retaining ring (1) with the retaining ring pliers.

Push the bolts (4) out of the guides. When removing the front bolts, take care with the bushes
(3).

Remove the actuator from the lifter module.

Refitting the lifter actuator:


Refit all parts in the reverse sequence

Carry out a performance test.

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8.18.4.2 Method 2 - Removing the lifter actuator when the lifter is lowered
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Requirements:
retaining ring pliers
oblique pliers
cable binder
long-nosed pliers, angled
6 mm Allen key
Note
Make a careful note of the seat settings. Mark the fitting positions, alignments, cable routing etc,
and take photos with a digital camera if necessary.
Every change to the seat settings influences the centre of gravity of the mobility device. If the
seat settings are changed, the stability lock system settings must be checked and readjusted if
necessary as described in chapter 8.24.5.

Switch the controller off.

The actuator module for the lifter and the tilt actuators is fitted to the front edge of the seat support.

152

Remove the two knurled screws (1) including washers.

Remove the cover (2).

Pull the plug out of the actuator module.

Open the cable holder on the underside of the seat.

Uncover all the actuator cables so that you can remove the seat.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Undo and remove the seat support Allen screws (1) on the left-hand and right-hand side of the
mobility device.

WARNING: Danger of crushing!


The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.

Tilt the seat to the rear and push the rear holders (2) out of their guides.

Remove the seat.

Remove the retaining ring (1) with the retaining ring pliers.

Push the bolts (4) out of the guide. Take care with the bushes (3).

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Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Fold the tilt lever (1) forwards.

Remove the retaining ring (1) on the front bolts (4) on the lifter actuator (2) using the retaining
ring pliers.

Pull the bolts out of the guide using the angled long-nosed pliers until the bolt is almost
contacting the tilt actuator ((5). Take care with the bushes (3).

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Lift the tilt actuator ((5) slightly.

Pull the lifter actuator bolts (4) under the tilt actuator and out of the guide.

Remove the retaining ring (1) on the rear bolts (3) on the lifter actuator (2) using the retaining
ring pliers.

Push the bolts out of the guides.

Remove the actuator from the lifter module.

Refitting the lifter actuator:


Refit all parts in the reverse sequence

Carry out a performance test.

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8.18.5 Seat support


Note
This chapter deals with replacing the seat support for a seat without lifter or tilt modules. Please
proceed as described in chapter 8.18 to replace lifter or tilt modules.
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver size 2
5/16 socket spanner
5/8 Allen key
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
protractor
Note
Make sure you have noted the seat settings. Mark the fitting positions, alignment etc. If
necessary, take photos with a digital camera.
Any changes to the seat settings influence the centre of gravity of the wheelchair. If changes are
made to the seat settings, the stability lock system settings must be checked and readjusted if
necessary, as described in chapter 8.24.5.
Dismantling the seat support:
Remove the seat. Use proper lifting techniques.

156

Remove the batteries as described in chapters 8.5.1 and 8.5.2/8.5.3.

Undo the bolt (3) with a 5/16" socket spanner.

Hold the seat support (1) firmly while you remove the bolts (3) and the metal plates (2).

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Refitting the seat carrier:


Hold the seat support (1) firmly while you fit the bolts (3) and the metal plates (2).

Screw the bolts in but do not tighten them.

Use the protractor to adjust the seat carrier to the required angle.

Tighten the bolts to 18 Nm.

Refit the batteries including battery carrier as described in chapters 8.5.2/8.5.3 and 8.5.1.

Refit the seat.

Adjust the stability lock system as described in chapter 8.24.5.

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SERVICE MANUAL

8.19

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Backrest Unit

8.19.1 Adjusting backrest former


The backrest former can be individually adapted to the user's back shape.

Pull the front and rear faces of the backrest upholstery (1) apart and remove. The backrest
upholstery front and rear faces are held together using Velcro fastenings.
Open the backrest belt (2) Velcro fastenings and adjust to the required length.
Reattach the backrest upholstery and fix with Velcro fastenings.

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Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.20

SERVICE MANUAL

Seat system Modulite

8.20.1 Replacing the tilt actuator


Note
Replacing the actuator for the seat angle adjustment in the lifter / seat tilt adjustment module is
also described.
Requirements:
Screwdriver, flat, width 6 mm
13 mm jaw spanner (2x)
Slotted screwdriver

Remove legrests.

Switch the electronics OFF on the remote.

Disconnect the actuator cable from the cable


harness

Variant actuator - tilt:


Bottom fixing bolt (3) with nut (4)
Loose the nut with the open-ended wrenches.
Remove the nut and bolt.

Top fixing bolt (2) secured with snap rings (1)


Remove a snap ring using a screwdriver and
remove the bolt.

Pull the actuator out.

Insert a new actuator.

Reassembly takes place in the reverse order.

Connect the actuator cable to the cable harness.

To complete, check all seat tilting function

Variant seat angle adjustment actuator in the


lifter/seat angle adjustment module:
Bottom fixing bolt (3) with slot
Loosen the fixing bolt with a screwdriver.
Remove the bolt.

Top fixing bolt (2) secured with snap rings (1)


Remove a snap ring using a screwdriver and
remove the bolt.

Pull the actuator out.

Insert a new actuator.

Reassembly takes place in the reverse order.

Connect the actuator cable to the cable harness.

To complete, check all seat tilting function.

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8.20.2 Replacing the lifter actuator


Requirements:
Screwdriver flat, width 6 mm
Large screwdriver
Flat screwdriver

Remove legrests.

Run the lifter up to if possible.

Switch the electronics OFF on the remote.

Secure the seat.

Pull the plug from the actuator.

Bottom fixing bolt (2) secured with snap rings


Remove a snap ring using a screwdriver
and remove the bolt.

Top fixing bolt (3) with slot


Loosen the fixing bolt with a screwdriver.
Remove the bolt.

Replace actuator.

Reassembly of the actuator takes place in


the reverse order.

Connect the plug of the actuator cable to the


actuator.

To complete, check all seat tilting function.

If the lifter cannot be raised, a cover can be removed from the upper rear side of the module. This
way it is possible to reach the lower fixation bolt of the actuator.

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SERVICE MANUAL

8.20.3 Replacing the lifter / seat angle adjustment module


Note
Replacement of the seat angle adjustment module is performed in the same manner.
ATTENTION: Danger of crushing!
The seat is very heavy. Danger of injury to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques
Requirements:
3 mm Allen key
10 mm open spanner
T25 Torx wrench
T40 Torx wrench
Side cutting pliers
Cable ties
Remove legrests.
Tilt the seat tilting completely to the rear if
possible.
Switch the electronics OFF on the remote.
Remove the backrest cushion.
Loosen and remove the screws, which secure
the middle seat plate (A) with a 3 mm Allen key.
Remove the middle seat plate (B).
Loosen and remove the screws on both sides,
which secure the lateral seat plates (C) with a
3 mm Allen key.
Remove the lateral seat plates (D).
or
Remove the seat cushion.
Loosen and remove the screws on both sides,
which secure the sling seat (A) with a
T25 Torx wrench.
Remove the sling seat (B).

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Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Remove the seat frame by removing the screws (1) with a T40 Torx wrench.

Disconnect the actuator cable and microswitch cable from the cable harness.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Loosen and remove the screws (2) incl. the washers with a 10 mm open spanner.

Lift the module of the seat angle adjustment (1) from the adapter (A) or (B) and replace it:
Depending on the chassis type:
Adapter (A) - Chassis TDX SP / TDXSP2
(total width of 650 mm)
NB
(total width of 620 mm)
Adapter (B) - Chassis TDX SP
NB
(total width of 610 mm)
Chassis TDX SP2

Reassembly takes place in the reverse order.

Note
Make sure that all screws, washers and nuts are reassembled in the correct order and securely
tightened during assembly.

When installing the seat, pay attention to its heavy weight!

To complete, check all seat tilting function.

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8.20.4 Replacing the backrest actuator


Dismantling the backrest actuator:

Pull the cable off directly where it is connected to the actuator (1)

Detach the bracket of the actuator at the top and bottom; to do this, slide the bolts (3) to the
side using the lever (4) and tilt the actuator (1) out of the backrest clamp (2).

Replace actuator.

Refitting the backrest actuator:


Assemble the parts in the reverse order.

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SERVICE MANUAL

8.20.5 Replacing the seat support (without lifter or tilt modules)


Note
This chapter deals with replacing the seat support for a seat without lifter or tilt modules. Please
proceed as described in chapter 8.20.3 to replace lifter or tilt modules.
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The seat is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Pay attention to the hand and feet
Use proper lifting techniques
Requirements:
3 mm Allen key
10 mm open spanner
T25 Torx wrench
T40 Torx wrench
Side cutting pliers
Cable ties
Remove legrests.
Switch the electronics OFF on the remote.
Remove the backrest cushion.
Loosen and remove the screws, which secure
the middle seat plate (A) with a 3 mm Allen key.
Remove the middle seat plate (B).
Loosen and remove the screws on both sides,
which secure the lateral seat plates (C) with a
3 mm Allen key.
Remove the lateral seat plates (D).
or
Remove the seat cushion.
Loosen and remove the screws on both sides,
which secure the sling seat (A) with a
T25 Torx wrench.
Remove the sling seat (B).

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Uninstalling the seat support (adjustable seat / simple seat)


Requirements:
6 mm Allen key
13 mm ring spanner or jaw spanner
The following figure shows the seat support with the adjustable seat plate.

Loosen and remove the screws (2) incl. washers and nuts with a 6 mm Allen key and a 13 mm
jaw spanner.

Pull the seat frame (1) up and off.

Loosen and remove the screws (4) incl. washers and nuts with a 6 mm Allen key and a 13 mm
jaw spanner.

Remove the seat adapter (3).

The dismantling of the seat support on the chassis is described in chapter 8.18.5.

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Installing the seat and seat support


Assemble all parts in reverse order.
Note
Make sure that all screws, washers and nuts are reassembled in the correct order and securely
tightened during assembly.

When installing the seat, pay attention to its heavy weight!

Tighten the screws to a torque of 25 Nm.

Check all functions of the vehicle and go for a test drive.

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SERVICE MANUAL

8.21

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Backrest Modulite

8.21.1 Replacing the standard backrest


Requirements:
5 mm Allen key
Dismantling the backrest unit:
Remove the backrest cushion.

Loosen the fixation lever (2) of the backrest tube.

Remove the backrest tube.

Use the Allen key to loosen and remove the hexagon socket head screws (3) including the nuts
and washers on the left and right side of the chair.

Refitting the backrest unit:


Replace the parts in the reverse order.

168

To conclude, you should always carry out a trial run to test the vehicle functions.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.21.2 Replacing the backrest mounting bracket


Requirements:
5 mm Allen key
Dismantling the backrest unit:
Remove the backrest cushion.

Loosen the fixation levers (2) of the corresponding backrest tube (1), depending on the version.
There are two versions:
(2) - for the manual backrest
(3) - for the electrically adjustable backrest

Remove the backrest tube.

Loosen and remove the two hexagon socket head screws (4) to the sliding block (5) on the left
and right side of the chair.

Refitting the backrest unit:


Replace the parts in the reverse order.

To conclude, you should always carry out a trial run to test the vehicle functions.

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Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.21.3 Replacing the backrest mounting bracket for SB 53


Requirements:
5 mm Allen key
Dismantling the backrest unit:
Remove the backrest cushion.

Loosen the fixation levers (2) of the corresponding backrest tube (1), depending on the version.
There are two versions:
(2) - for the manual backrest
(3) - for the electrically adjustable backrest

Remove the backrest tube.

Loosen and remove the two hexagon socket head screws (4) to the sliding block (5) on the left
and right side of the chair.

Refitting the backrest unit:


Replace the parts in the reverse order.

170

To conclude, you should always carry out a trial run to test the vehicle functions.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.22

SERVICE MANUAL

Adjusting the seat width/ backrest width (Modulite)

8.22.1 Adjusting the seat width


You can only adjust the seat width for the adjustable seat plate or for the adjustable sling seat.
The sling seat is available in two widths:
- for a seat width of 38-43 cm and
- for a seat width of 48-53 cm.
When modifying the seat width, the backrest width must also be correspondingly adapted. See
chapter 8.22.2.
Requirements:
3 mm Allen key
5 mm Allen key
13 mm open-ended spanner
T25 Torx wrench
T40 Torx wrench
Remove the backrest cushion.
Remove the backrest from the backrest
mounting bracket.
See chapter 8.21.
Loosen and remove the screws, which secure
the middle seat plate (A) with a 3 mm Allen key.
Remove the middle seat plate (B).
Loosen and remove the screws on both sides,
which secure the lateral seat plates (C) with a
3 mm Allen key.
Remove the lateral seat plates (D).
or
Remove the seat cushion.
Loosen and remove the screws on both sides,
which secure the sling seat (A) with a
T25 Torx wrench.
Remove the sling seat (B).

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Loosen and remove the screws of the seat


frame adjustment (A) with a T40 Torx
wrench.
Loosen and remove the screws of the
fixation of the legrest mounting brackets
(B).

Adjust the seat frame and the legrest fixation to the desired width according to the following
illustrations and tables:
Seat frame:
Screw position
A
B
C
D

Seat width
530 mm
480 mm
430 mm
380 mm

Leg supports connection:


Screw position
A
B
C
D

Seat width
380 mm
430 mm
480 mm
530 mm

Note
When switching from 430 mm to
480 mm and the other way around,
the fixation of the legrests must be
replaced.
Reposition the screws and tighten them again.
Install the seat plate or the sling seat.
Reposition the seat cushion.

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8.22.2 Adjusting the backrest width


The backrest width is adjusted by performing the following tasks:

Adjust the backrest tube.

Adjust the backrest:


- Sling backrest, as described in chapter 8.19.1.
- Flex3 backrest, as described in chapter 8.22.3.

Replace the backrest cushion (these are available in various widths).

When modifying the backrest width, the seat width must also be correspondingly adapted. Please
see chapter 8.22.1.
Requirements:
3 mm Allen key
5 mm Allen key
13 mm Open-ended spanner
The screw position for the backrest width, refer to the table:

Screw position

Seat width

A
B
C
D

530 mm
480 mm
430 mm
380 mm

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Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Remove the backrest cushion.

Loosen the straps of the sling backrest or remove the Flex3 backrest.

Loosen and remove both screws (5) of the actuator fixation bracket.

Remove the cover of the actuator fixation bracket.

Loosen and remove the screws and nuts (2, 4) on the upper and lower actuator fixation bracket
on both sides.

Adjust the backrest fixation (6) for the new backrest width according to the table on page 173.

Insert the screws (2) through the cover of the actuator fixation bracket and the corresponding
holes of the backrest fixation to the actuator fixation.

Fasten these with the nuts (4).

Reposition the cover of the actuator fixation bracket.

Insert and tighten the screws (5) again.

Adjust the straps of the sling backrest to the new width or install the adjusted Flex 3 backrest.

Install the backrest cushion.

Perform a function check of the chair.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.22.3 Adjusting the Flex3 backrest


Requirements:
Phillips screwdriver
5 mm Allen key

Remove the front lateral plates (2 and 4) from the backrest (1) by loosening and removing the
five hexagon socket head screws (3).

Remove both Phillips screws (A) on the middle plate.

Shift the position of the rear plate halves (three settings are possible using the drill holes).
- Before pulling the Flex3 backrest apart, a "1" will be visible in the
small, rectangular cut-out.
- After pulling the Flex3 backrest apart, a "2" will be visible in the
small, rectangular cut-out.

Re-insert the two screws (A) into the middle plate.

Fasten the front lateral plates (2 and 4) again.

175

SERVICE MANUAL

8.23

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Centre-mounted legrest (electric & manual)

8.23.1 Replacing the manually operated centre-mounted legrest


WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The legrest is very heavy. Danger of injury to hands and feet!
Pay attention to the heavy weight.
Requirements:
5 mm Allen key
6 mm Allen key
Side cutting pliers
Cable ties
Uninstalling the manually operated centre-mounted legrest:

An electric legrest can be seen in the illustration. The method of fixation to the seat is identical with
both legrests.

Uninstall the locking lever for the height adjustment of the legrest, by loosening the grub
screws with a 5 mm Allen key.

Use the 6 mm Allen key to loosen and remove the two hexagon socket head screws (2) on
both sides of the wheelchair.

Completely remove both hexagon socket head screws, including the washers.

Pull the entire legrest forwards out of the seat.

Loosen both hexagon socket head screws, which attach the adapter brackets (1) to the legrest.

Remove both adapter brackets.

Installing the manually operated centre-mounted legrest:


Assemble the parts in reverse order.

176

Test all functions of the wheelchair.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.23.2 Replacing the electrically operated centre-mounted legrest


WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The legrest is very heavy. Danger of injury to hands and feet!
Pay attention to the heavy weight.
Requirements:
6 mm Allen key
Side cutting pliers
Cable ties
Uninstalling the electrically operated centre-mounted legrest:
If possible, raise the lifter to the highest position.

If possible, tip the wheelchair with the tilt module as far backwards as it will go.

Switch the electronic control system off.

The actuator module for the lifter and the tilt actuator are mounted to the front edge of the seat
frame.

Completely remove both knurled head screws (1) including the washers.

Remove the cover (2).

Pull the plug of the legrest actuator out of the actuator module.

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SERVICE MANUAL

Use the 6 mm Allen key to loosen and remove the two hexagon socket head screws (2) on
both sides of the wheelchair.

Completely remove both hexagon socket head screws, including the washers.

Pull the entire legrest forwards out of the seat.

Loosen both hexagon socket head screws, which attach the adapter brackets (1) to the legrest.

Remove both adapter brackets.

Installing the electrically operated legrest:


Assemble the parts in reverse order.

178

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Test all functions of the wheelchair.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.23.3 Replacing the electrically operated centre-mounted legrest LNX (Modulite


seat)
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The legrest is very heavy. Danger of injury to hands and feet!
Pay attention to the heavy weight.
Requirements:
4 mm Allen key
10 mm ring spanner or jaw spanner
Uninstalling the electrically operated centre-mounted legrest LNX:
If possible, raise the lifter to the highest position.

If possible, tip the wheelchair with the tilt module as far backwards as it will go.

Switch the electronic control system off.

Pull the plug of the legrest actuator out of the actuator module.

Loosen the screws (3) with a 6 mm Allen key. Pull the entire legrest (2) forwards out of the seat
frame profile.

Loosen and remove the screws (1) including the nuts and washers with a 4 mm Allen key and
a 10 mm ring spanner or jaw spanner.

Replace the legrest (2).

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SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Installing the electrically operated centre-mounted legrest LNX:


Assemble the parts in reverse order.

Test all functions of the wheelchair.

8.23.4 Replacing an electric legrest actuator


WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The legrest is very heavy. Danger of injury to hands and feet!
Pay attention to the heavy weight.
Requirements:
1/2" socket wrench
3/8" Allen key
Side cutting pliers
Cable ties
Uninstalling the electrically operated legrest:
If possible, raise the lifter to the highest position.

If possible, tip the wheelchair with the tilt module as far backwards as it will go.

Switch the electronic control system off.

The actuator module for the lifter and the tilt actuator are mounted to the front edge of the seat
frame.

180

Completely remove both knurled head screws (1) including the washers.

Remove the cover (2).

Pull the plug of the legrest actuator out of the actuator module.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Use the 3/8" Allen key and a 1/2" socket wrench


to loosen the screw (3).

Use the 3/8" Allen key and a 1/2" socket wrench


to loosen the screw (1).

Remove the nuts including the washers, but leave the screw inserted in the screw hole, do not
pull it completely out.

Pull the actuator (2) toward the side off of the screws (1) and (3).

Replace the actuator.

Installing the electrically operated legrest:


Assemble the parts in reverse order.

Test all functions of the wheelchair.

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SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.23.5 Replacing an electric legrest actuator


WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The legrest is very heavy. Danger of injury to hands and feet!
Pay attention to the heavy weight.
Requirements:
1/2" socket wrench
3/8" Allen key
Side cutting pliers
Cable ties
Uninstalling the electrically operated legrest:
If possible, raise the lifter to the highest position.

If possible, tip the wheelchair with the tilt module as far backwards as it will go.

Switch the electronic control system off.

The actuator module for the lifter and the tilt actuator are mounted to the front edge of the seat
frame.

182

Completely remove both knurled head screws (1) including the washers.

Remove the cover (2).

Pull the plug of the legrest actuator out of the actuator module.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Use the 3/8" Allen key and a 1/2" socket wrench


to loosen the screw (3).

Use the 3/8" Allen key and a 1/2" socket wrench


to loosen the screw (1).

Remove the nuts including the washers, but leave the screw inserted in the screw hole, do not
pull it completely out.

Pull the actuator (2) toward the side off of the screws (1) and (3).

Replace the actuator.

Installing the electrically operated legrest:


Assemble the parts in reverse order.

Test all functions of the wheelchair.

183

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.23.6 Replacing the calf plate on the centre-mounted legrest (electric & manual)
Requirements:
1/64" Allen key

A manual legrest can be seen in the illustration. The method of fixation to the seat is almost
identical with both legrests.
Uninstalling the calf plate:
If possible, raise the lifter to the highest position.

If possible, tip the wheelchair with the tilt module as far backwards as it will go.

Switch the electronic control system off.

Use the 1/64" Allen key to loosen and remove both screws (2).

Remove the calf plate (1).

Installing the calf plate:


Assemble the parts in reverse order.

184

Using the different adjustment holes (3) in the calf plate and in the calf plate brackets, the calf
plates can be mounted at different heights and widths. This must be adjusted to fit the needs of
the user.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.23.7 Replacing the foot plate on the centre-mounted legrest (electric & manual)
Requirements:
1/64" Allen key
1/4" Allen key

A manual legrest can be seen in the illustration. The method of fixation to the seat is almost
identical with both legrests.
Uninstalling the footplate
If possible, raise the lifter to the highest position.

If possible, tip the wheelchair with the tilt module as far backwards as it will go.

Switch the electronic control system off.

Use the 1/64" Allen key to loosen


and remove both screws (3).

Replace the foot plate (1).

Installing the footplate:


Assemble the parts in reverse order.

Tighten the hexagon socket head screws (3) till they are tight enough that the footplate can
barely be moved.

In the area denoted by the (2) there is an adjustment screw that can only be reached when the
footplate is swivelled upwards.

Use the 1/64" Allen key to adjust the angle of the footplate to the needs of the user with this
screw.

185

SERVICE MANUAL

8.24

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Stability lock system

8.24.1 Removing the gas cylinder


WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The mobility device is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Injury hazard caused by uncontrolled movement of the mobility device!
Switch the power supply off (ON/OFF key).
Engage the drive.
Before raising the vehicle, secure the wheels by blocking them with wedges.
Requirements:
5/8 Allen key
5/16 Allen key
Phillips screwdriver size 2
1/4 socket spanner
5/16 socket spanner
torque wrench 5 - 25 Nm (or similar)
M8 washer
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
Loctite 242 (if the gas cylinder is repaired)

186

Lift the wheelchair up on one side and place a 14 cm high wooden block under the battery case
so that the wheels are off the ground and can rotate freely. Use proper lifting techniques.

Repeat the same procedure on the other side of the wheelchair.

Remove both the stability lock system protective caps.


The protective caps on the stability lock system will either be held using a screw or a cable tie
depending on the wheelchair's date of manufacture.

Remove the batteries as described in chapters 8.5.1 and 8.5.2/8.5.3.

Remove the drive wheel as described in chapter 8.10.1.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Rotate the top walking beam (5) so that you can reach the screw (4) on the gas cylinder
through the drillhole (3) in the battery case.

Remove the nut (6) with a 1/4" socket spanner. Use a 5/16" Allen key to counter the bolt while
doing so.

Push the bolt (4) towards the battery case so that the gas cylinder (1) is separated from the
walking beam.

Push the gas cylinder against the battery case.

Raise the rear axle so that the gas cylinder is activated and then retract the cylinder.

Push the gas cylinder to the rear and pull it off the battery case.

187

SERVICE MANUAL

188

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Undo the two Allen screws (9) with a 1/4" Allen key.

Remove the bolts together with the washers (3) and the plates (2) and (4).

Remove the gas cylinder from the mounting (5).

Remove the guide bush (1) if you wish to replace it or the gas cylinder itself.

Remove the guide bush fixing (3) and/or the clamping support (4).

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.24.2 Repairing the gas cylinder


When a gas cylinder has been removed, it can be completely replaced or to have a range of
maintenance work carried out on it as described in the following sub-chapters.
1.
2.
3.

Replacing the guide block fixing (3) and/or the clamping support (4).
See chapter 8.24.2.1.
Replacing the guide bush (1). See chapter 8.24.2.2.
Replacing the gas cylinder. See chapter 8.24.2.3.

All the sub-chapters relate to the following graphic:

8.24.2.1 Replacing the guide block fixing or clamping support


Removing:
Remove the guide bush (1) from the gas cylinder piston (2).

Remove the guide block fixing (3) from the gas cylinder piston.

Remove the clamping support (4) from the gas cylinder piston.

Refitting:
Refit the replaced clamping support and guide block fixing in reverse order.

Apply a little Loctite 242 to the end of the gas cylinder piston in the area marked (A) on the
graphic. It is imperative that you do NOT apply Loctite to the locations marked (B) and (C)!

Push the ball joint onto the gas cylinder until the end of the gas cylinder piston touches the
release head (5).

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SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.24.2.2 Replacing the guide bush


Removing:
Remove the guide bush (1) from the gas cylinder piston (2).
Refitting:
Apply a little Loctite 242 to the end of the gas cylinder piston in the area marked (A) on the
graphic. It is imperative that you do NOT apply Loctite to the locations marked (B) and (C)!

Push the new guide bush onto the gas cylinder piston until the end of the gas cylinder piston
touches the release head (5).

8.24.2.3 Replacing the gas cylinder


Removing:
Remove the guide bush (1) from the gas cylinder piston (2).

Remove the guide block fixing (3) from the gas cylinder piston.

Remove the clamping support (4) from the gas cylinder piston.

Refitting:
Refit the clamping support and guide block fixing to the new gas cylinder piston in reverse
order.

190

Apply a little Loctite 242 to the end of the gas cylinder piston in the area marked (A) on the
graphic. It is imperative that you do NOT apply Loctite to the locations marked (B) and (C)!

Push the guide bush onto the gas cylinder piston until the end of the gas cylinder piston
touches the release head (5).

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.24.3 Refitting the gas cylinder

Move the gas cylinder guide bush into the battery case holder (5).

Hold the gas cylinder in position and lift the rear axle so that the gas cylinder ball joint is
pressed.

191

SERVICE MANUAL

192

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Push the gas cylinder (1) from the front towards the rear into the holder until the bottom end is
just in front of the hole (3) in the battery case (2) and you can insert the screw (4).

Rotate the top walking beam (5) so that you can insert the screw (4) through the drillhole (3) on
the gas cylinder into the gas cylinder and walking beam.

Push the bolt (4) through. Fix the bolt with a 5/16" Allen key.

Fit the nut (6) with a 1/4" socket spanner onto the bolt and tighten the nut to 8.5 Nm.

Fit both the stability lock system protective caps.

Fit the drive wheel as described in chapter 8.10.1.

Replace the batteries in their correct location as described in chapters 8.5.2/8.5.3 and 8.5.1.

Remove the wooden block from under the wheelchair.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

8.24.4 Replacing the setting screw


WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The mobility device is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Injury hazard caused by uncontrolled movement of the mobility device!
Switch the power supply off (ON/OFF key).
Engage the drive.
Before raising the vehicle, secure the wheels by blocking them with wedges.
Requirements:
1/4 socket spanner
two long wooden blocks, min. 14 x 14 x 30 cm
M8 washer
Note
Invacare recommends always replacing both setting screws simultaneously in order to ensure
that the wheelchair works perfectly.

Removing the setting screw:


Lift the wheelchair up on one side and place a 14 cm high wooden block under the battery case
so that the wheels are off the ground and can rotate freely. Use proper lifting techniques.

Repeat the same procedure on the other side of the wheelchair.

Remove both the stability lock system protective caps.


The protective caps on the stability lock system will either be held using a screw or a cable tie
depending on the wheelchair's date of manufacture.

Undo the two bolts (2) with a 1/4" socket spanner, and remove the bolts together with the nylon
washers (3).

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SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Undo and remove the lock nut (2), the setting screw (4) with a 1/4" socket spanner.

Rotate the setting screw (4) towards the battery case until it can be removed from its holder
(3).

Refitting the setting screw:


Screw the new setting screw (4) into the holder (3).

194

Screw the two bolts (2) together with their nylon washers (3) in again.

Tighten the bolts using a 1/4" socket spanner.

Remove the wooden block from under the wheelchair so that all wheels and castors are in
contact with the floor.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

Note
For the following operation, use an M8 washer as a thickness gauge.

Rotate the setting screw (3) until it has a space of 1.5 mm (A) between it and the gas cylinder
(4).

Fit the lock nut (2) and tighten it using a 1/4" socket spanner.

Refit the two protective caps again.

195

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

8.24.5 Adjusting the setting screw


Requirements:
1/4 socket spanner
M8 washer

Remove both the stability lock system protective caps.


The protective caps on the stability lock system will either be held using a screw or a cable tie
depending on the wheelchair's date of manufacture.

Ensure that the wheelchair is contacting the floor with all its wheels and castors.

Loosen and remove the two locknuts (2) with a 1/4" socket spanner.

Note
For the following operation, use an M8 washer as a thickness gauge.

196

Rotate the setting screw (3) until it has a space of 1.5 mm (A) between it and the gas cylinder
(4).
Tip: use an M8 washer as a thickness gauge.

Fit the lock nut (2) and tighten it using a 1/4" socket spanner.

Refit the two protective caps again.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Installing accessories

9.1

Replacing the safety belt

SERVICE MANUAL

Requirements:
open-ended spanner, 13 mm
5 mm Allen key
Note
A nut is fixed between the two washers (2) and (4) as a spacer so that the belt mounting can
rotate freely.

Remove the plastic cap (5).

Loosen the bolt (3) and the associated


nut (in the figure this is covered by the
plastic cap) with a 5 mm Allen key and a
13 mm socket spanner.

Remove the nut.

Remove the bolt including safety belt and


flat washers (2) and (4).

Remove the flat washers (4).

Replace the safety belt (1).

Refit the parts in the reverse order.

197

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

9.2

Replacing seat belts (Modulite seat)

9.2.1

Installation on the backrest mounting bracket (simple backrest)


Requirements:
Socket spanner,13 mm
5 mm Allen key

198

The seat belts are attached via the drill hole (1) at the top right.

The installation of seat belts is described in chapter 9.1.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

9.2.2

SERVICE MANUAL

Installation on the backrest mounting bracket (adjustable seat)


Requirements:
5 mm Allen key

Loosen the screw (1) with a 5 mm Allen key.

Remove the screw (1), the corresponding washer (2) and the seat belt and belt winder (3) from
the backrest mounting bracket (4).

Replace the safety belt.

Refit the parts in the reverse order.

199

SERVICE MANUAL

9.2.3

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Installation on the seat frame profile (adjustable seat)


Requirements:
5 mm Allen key

200

Loosen the screw (1) with a 5 mm Allen key.

Remove the screw (1), the washer (2), the seat belt, the sliding bushing (3) and the sliding
block (4) from the seat frame profile (5).

Replace the safety belt.

Refit the parts in the reverse order.

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

9.3

SERVICE MANUAL

DAHL docking station (TDX SP2 / TDX SP2NB)


CAUTION: Danger of crushing!
The mobility device is very heavy. Injury hazard to hands and feet!
Use proper lifting techniques.
Injury hazard caused by uncontrolled movement of the mobility device!
Switch the power supply off (ON/OFF key).
Engage the drive.
Position the mobility device on it's side and secure the position so it does not turn over.
Requirements:
6 mm Allen key
high-strength screw blocker system, e.g. Loctite 270
Refitting the DAHL docking station:

201

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Note
Depending on the vehicle, several spacers (3) may be required in addition to the safety plate (2).
Please refer to the documentation provided by DAHL (see also www.dahlengineering.dk) for
information on whether and how many spacers are required.
Note
The countersunk screw (1) material quality must be at least 8.8.
If spacers have been fitted, the screws length should be completed as follows:
A = thickness of safety plate and spacers

A = +7 mm Screw length

Note
When installing the plates, pay attention to the right screw length (A +7 mm).
Longer screws can damage the batteries. .

Remove the legrests

Jack up the wheelchair using several wooden blocks. Use proper lifting techniques.

Calculate the required screw length in accordance with the above formula.

Select five M8 Allen key countersunk screws in accordance with DIN 7991 (material quality at
least 8.8) to suit the calculated length.

Fit the spacers (3) and the safety plate (2) over the drillholes.

Fit the Allen screws (1) with a high-strength screw blocker system such as Loctite 270.

Fit the remaining parts in the reverse order.

To conclude, check all fittings for secure connection.

Dismatling the DAHL docking station:


Dismantle the remaining parts in the reverse order.

9.4

Further accessories
Note
The installation instructions for additional accessories are available at your Invacare specialist
supplier or directly from Invacare.

202

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

10

SERVICE MANUAL

Adjusting the seating position


In order to adapt the mobility device optimally to the requirements of the user, we recommend that
you ask your authorised Invacare the dealer toadjust the seat depth individually.
Adapting the seat to the user's seating position depends on which seat has been fitted, and should
be carried out in the following sequence.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Adjusting the lower leg length and seat depth, see chapter 10.1.
Adjusting the center of gravity of the seat frame, see chapter 10.2.
Checking that the swivel castors can move freely.
Repetition of steps 2 to 3, if necessary.

WARNING!
Danger of injury hazard after tilting of mobility caused by blocked steering wheels.
Always check the seat depth settings for both forward and reverse movement.Make sure that
steering wheels can rotate freely and have not contact to any fixed mobility device component.
CAUTION!
Any changes to the drive program can affect the driving characteristics and the tipping
stability of the vehicle!
Changes to the drive program may only be carried out by trained Invacare specialist
dealers!
Invacare supplies all wheelchairs with a standard drive program ex-works. Invacare can
only give a warranty for safe vehicle driving behaviour - especially tipping stability - for this
standard drive program!
WARNING: Danger of crushing!
The seat is very heavy. Danger of injury to hands and feet.
Pay attention to the hand and feet
Use proper lifting techniques

203

SERVICE MANUAL

10.1

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Adjusting the lower leg length and seat depth

10.1.1 Adjusting the lower leg length


Invacare offers a range of legrests which can be adjusted individually.
See operation manual.

10.1.2 Adjusting the seat depth

A: Seat depth
B: Center of gravity of the seat/ seat position

Standard seat
The Seat depth is adjusted by moving the seat back.

Modulite seat
The seat depth is adjusted by shifting the position of the backrest.
See User Manual.

204

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

10.2

SERVICE MANUAL

Adjusting the center of gravity of the seat


The center of gravity of the seat can be adjusted by mounting the seat frame farther towards the
front or the rear on the seat.
CAUTION!
The seating system of the electric wheelchair is delivered ex works with an optimally
adjusted center of gravity. Any change in this adjustment setting can negatively influence
the stability of the electric wheelchair.
You must perform an individual risk analysis every time you change the center of gravity of
the seating position, in order to ensure the safety and stability of the electric wheelchair.

A: Seat depth
B: Center of gravity of the seat/ seat position

205

SERVICE MANUAL

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

Note
The user weight and seat depth have strong influences on the choice of the Center of gravity of
the seat. If the user is heavy and the seat depth is greater, the focus should be the farther back.

For best possible driving characteristics of rear-wheel drive wheelchairs, the weight to be
distributed: 30 40 % front and 60 - 70 % rear.

WARNING!
Danger of damage due to collisions of the legrests with other parts of the wheelchair!
Set the legrests to the smallest angle before adjusting the seat center of gravity.
Pay attention with adjusting the seat center of gravity that the legrests do not touch any other
parts of the wheelchair. This ensures that the legrests can not collide with other parts of the
wheelchair.

206

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

10.2.1 Standard seat


Depending on the seat that is installed, you can attach the seat at different points on the seat frame
and thus set the seat depth.

10.2.2 Modulite seat


The Modulite seat is available in two versions:
Adjustable seats (plate and strap):
Adjustment of the center of gravity via the lateral profiles, as described in chapter 10.2.2.1.
Simple seat:
Adjustment of the center of gravity via the oblong holes of the seat adaptor.
NB
TDX SP / TDX SP - chapter 10.2.2.2
NB
TDX SP2 / TDX SP2 - chapter 10.2.2.3

10.2.2.1 Adjustable seats


Requirements:
6 mm Allen key

Remove the seat plate or sling seat (1), see chapter 8.22.1.
Loosen the socket head screws (2) in the front and rear, left and right DO NOT remove.
Shift the position of the seat.
Re-tighten the screws.
Install the seat plate or the sling seat again.

207

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

NB

10.2.2.2 Simple seat (TDX SP / TDX SP )


Requirements:
6 mm Allen key

Remove the seat plate (1) or the sling seat, see chapter 8.22.1.
Loosen the socket head screws (2) in the front and rear, left and right DO NOT remove.
Shift the position of the seat frame.
Re-tighten the screws.
Install the seat plate again.

208

Invacare TDX SP Series / TDX SP2 Series

SERVICE MANUAL

NB

10.2.2.3 Simple seat (TDX SP2/ TDX SP2 )


Requirements:
6 mm Allen key

Remove the seat plate (1) or the sling seat, see chapter 8.22.1.
Loosen the socket head screws (2) and (3) in the front and rear, left and right DO NOT
remove.
Shift the position of the seat frame.
Re-tighten the screws.
Install the seat plate again.

209