Sie sind auf Seite 1von 5

Composite Volcano

A volcano is a mound, hill or mountain constructed


by solid fragments, lava flows, and or dome-like
extrusions deposited around a vent from which the
material is extruded. The vent is a conduit that
extends from the earth's upper mantle or
lithosphere to the surface. Most of the material is
deposited close to the vent, but some is carried
high into the atmosphere to be spread by winds
hundreds or thousands of kilometers from the
source.

Shield Volcano

A shield volcano is a type of volcano usually built almost entirely


of fluid lava flows. They are named for their low profile,
resembling a warrior's shield lying on the ground. This is caused
by the highly fluid lava they erupt, which travels farther than lava
erupted from stratovolcanoes. This results in the steady
accumulation of broad sheets of lava, building up the shield
volcano's distinctive form. The shape of shield volcanoes is due to
the low viscosity of their mafic lava.

A cinder cone or scoria cone is a steep conical hill of


loose pyroclastic fragments, such as either volcanic clinkers,
cinders, volcanic ash, or scoria that has been built around
a volcanic vent.[1][2] They consist of loose pyroclastic debris formed
by explosive eruptions or lava fountains from a single, typically
cylindrical, vent. As the gas-charged lava is blown violently into
the air, it breaks into small fragments that solidify and fall as either
cinders, clinkers, or scoria around the vent to form a cone that
often is symmetrical; with slopes between 30-40; and a nearly

circular ground plan. Most cinder cones have a bowlshaped crater at the summit.[1]

ACTIVITY OF VOLCANO

*An active volcano is a volcano that has had at least one eruption during
the past 10,000 years. An active volcanomight be erupting or dormant. An
erupting volcano is anactive volcano that is having an eruption...
A dormant volcano is an active volcano that is not erupting, but
supposed to erupt again.
*Dormant volcanos are the volcanoes that are quiet, but might possibly
erupt again.[1] A dormant volcano is "sleeping," but it could awaken in the
future.

*Dormant volcanos include those which have not erupted in the past
10,000 years.[2]
An extinct volcano has not had an eruption for at least 10,000 years and
is not expected to erupt again in a comparable time scale of the future.