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A cinder cone or scoria cone is a steep conical hill of

loose pyroclastic fragments, such as either volcanic clinkers,

cinders, volcanic ash, or scoria that has been built around
a volcanic vent.[1][2] They consist of loose pyroclastic debris formed
by explosive eruptions or lava fountains from a single, typically
cylindrical, vent. As the gas-charged lava is blown violently into
the air, it breaks into small fragments that solidify and fall as either
cinders, clinkers, or scoria around the vent to form a cone that
often is symmetrical; with slopes between 30-40; and a nearly
circular ground plan. Most cinder cones have a bowlshaped crater at the summit.[1]

Composite Cone Volcano

A volcano is a mound, hill or mountain constructed

by solid fragments, lava flows, and or dome-like
extrusions deposited around a vent from which the
material is extruded. The vent is a conduit that
extends from the earth's upper mantle or
lithosphere to the surface. Most of the material is
deposited close to the vent, but some is carried
high into the atmosphere to be spread by winds
hundreds or thousands of kilometers from the

Shield Cone Volcano

A shield volcano is a type of volcano usually built almost entirely

of fluid lava flows. They are named for their low profile,
resembling a warrior's shield lying on the ground. This is caused
by the highly fluid lava they erupt, which travels farther than lava
erupted from stratovolcanoes. This results in the steady
accumulation of broad sheets of lava, building up the shield

volcano's distinctive form. The shape of shield volcanoes is due to

the low viscosity of their mafic lava.