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Photography

Hart
Monday 1/9 to Friday 1/13

Monday 1/9
Aim: How does lighting affect the outcome
and overall mood of our photographs?
Do Now: List different types of lighting in
your notes
Homework: MP2 Journal assignments due
Thursday January 19
MP2 Test Wednesday 1/18

Lighting
Hard Light
Soft Light
Natural Light
Artificial Light
Flash

Everything is at the mercy of light.


The mundane can become beautiful and the beautiful,

mundane--simply because of a change in the light.


The only way to learn about light is to observe it
constantly.

Ask yourself: How is the light affecting the space and


atmosphere around me?

2 fundamental types of light: hard and soft


Both have particular traits that affect the overall mood

of your image

Hard light
vs
Soft Light

Hard Light Creates Contrast


Light causes anything
Hard
in its path to become a
highlight, while everything
else remains dark

Heinley Street, Adelaide, Trent Parke, 2006

Comes from one direction and is


typical of a spotlight or bright
sunshine

You can use the contrasts created by


hard light to abstract or simplify
your composition

The shadows form large areas of back,


which mask unnecessary detail. This
causes our eyes to be drawn to the
highlights.

Soft light is more even

Soft light is less intense meaning


there isnt such a stark divide
between the highlights and shadows

Shadows arent dark and dramatic

Detail is very visible

Diffuse light using a diffuser or soft box in a


studio
OR

Steer clear of any powerful directional light


sources such as spotlights, flash or bright,

*A diffuser is a semi-transparent surface placed between your light source


and your model
You can also use a portable reflector to bounce light into the shadows of
your subject's face, which will give you more detail in those shadows.

Migrant Mother, Dorothea Lange, 1936

Hard light creates depth

Callanish after Hailstorm, Lewis, Fay Godwin, 1980

The strong, decisive


shadows that go hand in
hand with hard light create
depth and threedimensionality.

Image taken just after a hailstorm- hard


sunlight breaks through the clouds,
creating dark shadows with razorsharp edges

Shadows emphasize jagged shape of the


stones and gives them more presence

Soft light can be flat

The blanket evenness of


soft or flat light means
that there are no
dramatic shadows to
create depth and draw
the eye.

This evenness means your


composition alone has to guide
the viewer around your image

Here Sternfeld has used some


classic compositional techniques
to control the movement of our
eye

McLean,Virginia, Joel Sternfeld, December 1978

Hard light is brutal

Oregon, Lee Friedlander, 1997

Hard light is dramatic.


It creates cutthroat
shadows and stark
highlights, which are
unforgiving and
expose all.

Hard light is unflattering

By facing the light directly,


Friedlander causes the shadow
of the camera equipment to
cut right through him, while
the highlights draws us into his
steely left eye

Soft light is flattering

Portrait photographers
love soft, diffused light as
it draws out form and
features without being
severe.

Richard Learoyd uses soft light to


create portraits with a deeply
meditative quality

Rather than attack a subject, soft


light caresses

It softens any hard edges and


smooths surfaces
Nancy Flowered Dress, Richard Learoyd, 2011

Natural Light
vs
Artificial Light

Natural vs Artificial
Natural and artificial light are unequivocally distinct. They
convey different moods and are very different in color.

Natural light most


commonly comes from the
sun

Can also come from flames


of a candle or forest fire,
or from moonlight

Artificial light comes from


manmade sources- anything
from household bulbs to street
lights to flash.

Looks unnatural

Inbuilt flash creates harsh


shadows and dominates the

Daylight = blue/cool
Candlelight= orange

Household lights = orange/


warm

Artificial Light

The glow of the street


lights has drowned out
the natural light and cast
a yellowish hue over the
image

This creates a sense of


unease, making the scene
feel unnatural, almost
polluted

House under Highway, Los Angeles


Nadav Kander, 2005

Natural Light
What mood is this photograph
creating?

The natural light gently

touches the woman, the


letter, and her baby

Its color is so white, it

creates a state of
innocent calm

Woman Reading Possession Order


Tom Hunter
1997

Inbuilt Flash
Flash dominates the look and feel of an

image

As the flash lights your subject from the

same angle as the one youre shooting from,


harsh shadows are thrown forward and its
intensity causes anything in the foreground to
become overexposed

The use of inbuilt flash in this image creates

an unsettling yet mesmerizing fear

If used less skillfully, flash can work against

you and create a snapshot look that is


unflattering on a subject

Untitled (woman in a white dress running in Yokosuka)


Daido Moriyama
1971

Color Temperature
Different types of light have
different color casts

Lightbulbs give off a warm


yellowish or orangish cast

The sun gives off a cool bluish


cast

Correct for color temperature

with your white balance setting

By selecting the symbol that


best matches your your
shooting conditions, the colors

Light and Shadow


Part One

Abstractions... Find Shadows


1. Find shadows which appear naturally
2. Purposefully create shadows using lights
3. Use projector to project images/shadows
Be mindful of Contrast

Over the
weekend start
photographing
interesting light
& shadows with
a phone or
camera

Closure

Magazine Scavenger Hunt: Search for different


types of lighting. Cut, paste, and label photos into
journals.

Tuesday 1/10
Aim: How is the light affecting the space and
atmosphere around me?
Do Now: What is contrast? Why is it important?
Homework: MP2 Journals due Thursday 1/19
MP2 Test Wednesday 1/18

Start Photographing today!

Tonal Contrast vs Color Contrast


TC refers to the difference in tones from the
lightest tone to the darkest tone, in other
words, the difference in tones from white to
gray to black.

Low Contrast

High Contrast

When two opposing colors are placed


together they complement and accentuate
the qualities of the other color. Color
contrast is a great way to compensate for
tonal contrast.

Light and Shadow


Part One

Abstractions... Find Shadows


1. Find shadows which appear naturally
2. Purposefully create shadows using lights
3. Use projector to project images/shadows
Be mindful of Contrast

Dunes, Oceano, California


Ansel Adams
1963

Examples from
the field Trip...

Behind Glare St. Lazare, Paris


Henri Cartier-Bresson
1932

Louise Millman
Instagram: @louisemillmann

Interesting work by other artists

Closure
Review types of Lighting

Review: Types of Lighting


Natural Light:

Artificial Light:

Sun,

Manmade

flames, moonlight...
Sunlight- blueish light
Candlelight- orange light

Hard Light:
Creates

contrast and depth


Shadows are dark and dramatic
Brutal, intense, not flattering

Flash:
Creates harsh unnatural shadows
Dominates the look and feel of an image

sources (lightbulbs, street


lights, flash)
Household lights=orange/warm hue

Soft Light:
Even

light
Detail very visible
No dramatic shadows to create depth
Very flattering (especially for portraits)
Softens hard edges and smooths
surfaces

Wednesday 1/11
Aim: How can we use the contrasts created by hard light
to abstract or simplify our composition?
Do Now: List 3 necessary qualities to create a successful
image of light and shadow
Homework: MP2 Journals due Thursday 1/19

MP2 Test Wednesday 1/18

Photograph!
Contrast, composition, light & shadow

Closure
Name types of artificial light
What does abstract mean?
What kind of light lends itself well to abstraction?

Thursday 1/12
Aim: How do we turn our photos black and white in
Photoshop?
Do Now: Recall facts about shutter speed and write
them in your notes
Homework: MP2 Journals due 1/19
MP2 Test Wednesday 1/18

Editing B&W images in


Photoshop
https://helpx.adobe.com/photoshop/using/convertcolor-image-black-white.html

Abstract images made by light and shadows

Closure
Review:
How can aperture control the background of an image?
What type of lighting do portrait photographers like to
use the best?

Friday 1/13
Aim: How can we incorporate our lighting techniques
with portraiture?
Do Now: What makes a portrait compelling?
Homework: MP2 Journals due next Thursday 1/19
MP2 Test Wednesday 1/18

Light and Shadow


Part Two

Portraits... Lighting effects


1. Control different kinds of light and the direction of light
2. Create a mood or feeling- Consider the personality of
your subject
3. Be inspired by a photographer

Louise Millman
Instagram: @louisemillmann

Closure
Why is tonal contrast important in a black and white
photo?
What could be used instead of tonal contrast in a non
black and white photo?

Tuesday 1/17
Aim: How can our portraits tell a story?
Do Now: How can you utilize both soft and hard lighting
in a portrait? What would would be the difference in the
outcome?
Homework: MP2 Journals due this Thursday 1/19
MP2 Test TOMORROW: Wednesday 1/18

Closure
Due dates:
1 Abstract light & shadow
and
1 Portrait light & shadow
due 1/23

Test Tomorrow 1/18


Journals due Thursday 1/19