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http://cr4.globalspec.com/thread/66202/Fault-Level-Evaluation-of-11kV-Network?

frmtrk=CR4digest
Applying superposition theorem for calculating the fault level.

132X
T1
T2
XA1
XA2

MVA
2700
30
30

X pu
132Y
T3
T4
YB1
YB2

0.08
0.08
1.37
1.37

MVA
1800
45
45

X pu
0.1
0.1
0.28
0.28

Assumptions: CB X0, Y0 are open and all other CBs are closed.

Fault levels
T1
375.00
T2
375.00
XA1
88.22
XA2
88.22
AB4

450.00
450.00
425.01
425.01

212.50

T1 & XA1 are series like T2 & XA2

T3 & YB1 are series like T4 &YB2

T1 &XA1
T2 &XA2

T3 & YB1
T4 & YB2

71.42
71.42
142.83

Fault level contribution at 11A1 & 11A2


135.66

1/17/2017 22:26

Fault levels
T3
T4
YB1
YB2

Total Fault level on BUS 11A1 & 11A2 =


Fault current =
Total fault level at Bus 11X1 & 11X2
132.47
52.95
329.27
382.22
20061.45

218.57
218.57
437.15

Fault level contribution at 11B1 & 11B2


351.73
268.13 Total fault level on BUS 11B1 & 11B2=
14073.058
Total fault level at 11Y1 & 11Y2
82.80
69.30
360
429.30
22532.37
MP Rajan

434.53
22806.7738

*NGR Calculation
*NGR. Neutral Grounding Resistance

5MVA, 33/11kV, DYn11

Full load current of the transformer at 11kV side=

262.43

NGR value to limit the earth fault current to the full load value
1/17/2017 22:26

Amps.
24.2
MP Rajan

Ohms.

Inverse and determinant of a 3x3 & 2x2 matrix

INPUT

0
1
1

INPUT

1
0
1

1
1
0

Det. 2x2 matrix


48

25
1

2
2

Det. 3x3 matrix

2
inverse of 3x3 matrix.

-0.50
0.50
0.50

0.50
-0.50
0.50

inverse of 2x2 matrix

0.50
0.50
-0.50

0.04
-0.02

-0.04
0.52

Fault level calculation (more accurate).


Assumptions: CB X0, Y0 are open and all other CBs are closed.

132X
T1
T2
XA1
XA2

Impedance
Impedance
Impedance
Impedance
Impedance
Impedance
Impedance
Impedance
Impedance
Impedance
Impedance

Base MVA
MVA
2700
30
30

100
X pu
0.08
0.08
1.37
1.37

132Y
T3
T4
YB1
YB2
AB4

Ohm
Ohm

offered to 132X Bus by system=


offered to 132Y Bus by system=
of T1 to base Value=
of T2 to base value=
of T3 to base value=
of T4 to base value=
of XA1 to base Value=
of XA2 to base Value=
of YB1 to base Value=
of YB2 to base Value=
of AB4 to base Value=

0.037
0.056
0.267
0.267
0.222
0.222
1.134
1.134
0.235
0.235
0.471

PU
PU
PU
PU
PU
PU
PU
PU
PU
PU
PU

MVA
1800
45
45

X pu
0.1
0.1
0.28
0.28
0.57

Ohm
Ohm
Ohm

132X - 11A1
132X - 11A2
Effective imp.

1.400
1.400
0.700

PU
PU
PU

132Y - 11B1
132Y - 11B2
Effective imp.

0.458
0.458
0.229

PU
PU
PU

Effective impedance on 11B1 - 11B2


0.230

PU

Fault level on Bus 11B1

434.53 MVA

22806.8

268.13 MVA

14073.1

Effective impedance on 11A1 - 11A2


0.373

PU

Fault level on Bus 11A1


Effective impedance on 11X1
Zt

2.800

Z1
Z2
Z3

0.567
0.108
0.133

PU
PU
PU

1.266
0.108
0.170

Fault level on Bus 11X1

387.44 MVA

20335.3

Fault level on Bus 11X2

387.44 MVA

By symmetry.

PU
PU
PU

0.258

PU

PU
PU
PU

0.205

PU

Effective impedance on 11Y1


Zt

0.915

Z1
Z2
Z3

0.118
0.057
0.111

PU
PU
PU

Fault level on Bus 11Y1

488.48 MVA

Fault level on Bus 11Y1

488.48 MVA

1.288
0.057
0.167

25638.4
By symmetry.

429.30

59.18

1/17/2017 22:26

MP Rajan

Fault current in KA.

Fault Loc.
132X
KV
132Y
KV
11X1
KV
11X2
KV
11A1
KV
11A2
KV
11B1
KV
11B2
KV
11Y1
KV
11Y2
KV

132X
12.05
0.311
131.2
117.6
1.53
118.3
0.608
127.8
0.608
127.8
0.371
130.5
0.371
130.5
0.244
131.9
0.244
131.9

132Y
0.307
129.5
8.03

T1 Pri
0.153

131.2
131.3
0.196
131.4
0.591
124.7
0.591
124.7
1.57
108.3
1.57
108.3
1.93
102.3
1.93
102.3

117.6
0.0667
118.3
127.8
127.8
130.5
130.5
131.9
131.9

T1 Sec
1.84
1.037
1.86
9.939
17.53

T2 Pri
0.155

131.2
0.066
117.6

0.81

T2 Sec
1.86
1.037
1.88
9.939
0.795
9.379
17.53

118.3
3.63
8.72
3.63
8.72
2.21
9.697
2.21
9.697
1.45
10.218
1.45
10.218

3.67
127.8
3.67
127.8
130.5
130.5
131.9
131.9

2.24
9.697
2.24
9.697
1.47
10.218
1.47
10.218

XA1
1.84
5.385
1.86
5.476
3.15
7.49
0.81
7.497
3.63

XA2
1.85
5.385
1.88
5.476
0.795
7.49
3.16
7.497
3.67

T3 Pri
129.5
0.156

131.4

3.67
124.7

2.21
4.385
2.21
4.385
1.45
6.728
1.45
6.728

2.24
4.385
2.24
4.385
1.47
6.728
1.47
6.728

T4 Pri
129.5
0.156

1.18
131.3

124.7
3.63

T3 Sec
1.84
9.932
1.87

108.3
108.3
104.3
0.406
102.3

T4 Sec
1.84
9.932
1.87
1.18

131.3
1.18
10.398
3.55
8.743
3.55
8.743
9.42
4.643
9.42
4.643
18.3
4.88

131.4
124.7
124.7
108.3
108.3
0.406
102.3

1.18
10.398
3.55
8.743
3.55
8.743
9.42
4.643
9.42
4.643
4.8
6.251
18.3

YB1
1.84
9.022
1.87
1.791
1.18
9.816
1.18
9.818
3.55
6.995
3.55
6.995
9.42

YB2
1.84
9.022
1.87
1.791
1.18
9.816
1.18
9.818
3.55
6.995
3.55
6.995
9.42

AB
3.69

9.42

9.42

4.45

7.8

4.8

2.92

4.88
3.846

7.8
3.846

2.92

3.74
2.36
2.35
7.09
7.09
4.45