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# Atomic Computer Technology College

## G+6 RESIDENCIAL BUILDING ANALYSIS USING ETABS

Comment [A1]: YESHIJU

Floor plan
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Axis 1

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Axis A

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## G+6 RESIDENCIAL BUILDING ANALYSIS USING ETABS

Dimensions
Column = 50 X 40
Grade beam = 30 X 25 , slab b beam = 40 x 35 Top
tie beam = 25x 25
Floor heights = 3m Footing column height = 2.0m
concrete properties to be used (c-20,c-25,C-30,C40)
Example ; for concrete grade C-25
Mass per nit volume =fcu/gravit =25/9.81
Weight per unit volume =25
Modules of elasticity =29Mpa
Thermal expansion =9.900E-6(9.9*10-6 )
Poissons retio =0.2
Shear modules =10342136.8
Specific concrete comp. strength Fck=20Mpa

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## G+6 RESIDENCIAL BUILDING ANALYSIS USING ETABS

1. New model
Open ETABS from desktop
Convert the unit to KN/m in the task bar
Click on new model from file menu
In the quick grid lines box ,change the
number of grid lines to:
X-direction = 6
Y- direction = 7
Spacing in x-direction =5.0
Spacing in y-direction =5.5
Story dimension
No of story=8
Story height=3.0
Bottom story height=2.0
Ok
To modify the grid
Coordinate systems/grids
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## Click on modify/show system

Change the display grid as to spacing
In the X- grid data
In the Y grid data
Modify the grid ID
Modify the spacing
Edit story height
Click edit menu edit story data insert
story / delete story ok
2. Define Materials
o Modify show material material
Change the material type to concrete, give
name (e.g. conc/C25 ) and insert the property
of concrete to be used:
T0 define concrete properties (c-20,c-25 )

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## Example ; for concrete grade C-25

Mass per nit volume =fcu/gravit =25/9.81
Weight per unit volume =25
Modules of elasticity =29Mpa `
Thermal expansion =9.900E-6(9.9*10-6 )
Poissons retio =0.2
Shear modules =10342136.8
Specific concrete comp. strength Fck=20000
3. Define section properties
i. Frame section
o Section property
Frame sections
Click on add rectangular (for column )
Change the frame section property type to
concrete
Click on rectangular
Give section name (e.g. column)
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## Make sure the material is the one which you

have defined (conc/C25)
Insert the dimension of the column,
o Depth = 0.5
o Width = 0.4
Click on concrete reinforcement
Change the design type to column
Make sure that the design type is column
Insert 0.025 clear cover for confinement bars
Ok(2)
Click on rectangular
Give section name (e.g. Gr beam) and insert
the dimensions of the grade beam
o Depth = 0.3
o Width = 0.25
Click on concrete reinforcement
Change the design type to Beam

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## Set the concrete cover 0.025 for both top and

bottom
Ok(2)
Click on add new property( for slab beam)
Click on rectangular
Give section name (e.g. slab beam) and insert
dimensions of the beam
Depth = 0.4
Width = 0.35
Click on concrete reinforcement
Change the design type to Beam
Set the concrete cover 0.025 for both top and
bottom
Ok(2)
Click on add new property( for top tie beam)
Click on rectangular
Give section name (e.g. TTB) and insert
dimensions of the beam
o Depth = 0.25
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## G+6 RESIDENCIAL BUILDING ANALYSIS USING ETABS

Width = 0.25
Click on concrete reinforcement
Change the design type to Beam
Set the concrete cover 0.025 for both top and
bottom
Ok(2)
Since we have finished defining of frame
sections click on OK
ii. Area section
o Section properties
o Area sections
o Make sure the section type is shell
o Click on add new section
o On the displayed box : make sure the
material is the one which you previously
defined (conc/C25) and give area section
name (e.g. slab)
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## o Change the thickness of the slab to 0.14 for

both membrane and bending
Ok(2)
4. Draw objects
I. Column

## From the draw control box change the

section type to the name of the column
you have defined (in this example
column)
Draw the columns of that plane by
window selection type from top to
bottom
After finished the drawing of the
columns of that plane click on set select
To draw the columns of the remaining floor
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## Select all the columns of the plane

Select all columns Click the Edit menu
REPLICAT story select un draw story ok
II. Beams
Change the window to XY plane
Then let us draw the beams
Draw frame crate line in region
Change the section to the name of the grade
beam you have defined(Gr beam)
Then draw the beams
Change the window to XY plane Z= 2.0
Change the section to the name of the slab
beams you have defined(In beam)
Draw the beams of that floor
To Draw frame slab beam Z=5.0
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## now the other floors of slab beam beams(S.B)

(using replicate)
Select all the beams on XY plane Z= 5.0 ( first
floor beams
Select all first story beam Click the Edit
menu REPLICAT story slab beam story
ok
Change the window to XY plane Z = 20 to draw
the top tie beams
Change the section to TT beam
Draw the top tie beams
III. Slab
Change the window to XY plane Z = 5.0 ( first
floor)
Select Draw rectangular area element or quick
draw area element
Change the section to the name you have
defined previously(slab )
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## Draw rectangular areas for each panels of this

floor
To see the objects we have already drawn
Set display option
Click on fill objects
Ok
6. Joint restraint
Make sure the window is on XY plane ,Z = 0.0
Select the points on which the footings will
placed
Joint
Restraint
Click on the symbol of fixed support
Ok
This concludes the modeling of this building.
Set display option
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## From the displayed box check extrude view

and fill objects , click on apply to all windows
Ok
7. Joint constraint
Make sure the window is on XY plane, Z = 0 (
on the ground floor)
Select all objects of that floor using window
selection
Joint
Constraint
Choose a constraint type diaphragm
Give name (e.g. G floor)
Click on constraint axis Z
Ok(2)
Clear display of assigns
Change the window to XY plane z= 2.0 ( first
floor)
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## Select all objects of that floor using window

selection
Joint
Constraint
Choose a constraint type diaphragm
Give name (e.g. 1stfloor)
Ok(2)
Clear display of assigns
Repeat this process for 2nd floor (Z = 5.0), 3rd
floor (Z = 8.0) and top level (Z = 11.0).
Set the self weight multiplier as 0 for load
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## G+6 RESIDENCIAL BUILDING ANALYSIS USING ETABS

Example:
Write on load pattern name live
Change the type to LIVE
Repeat this for quakeX and quakeY
The auto lateral load pattern for earth
quake can be Ubc-97, an available code, user
To insert information for an available code,
user coefficient or user load click on modify
Click on add new combo ( for the first combo.)
Make sure the load combination type is
Give combination name (comb 1)
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## G+6 RESIDENCIAL BUILDING ANALYSIS USING ETABS

Load case name =Live, scale factor = 1.6
Ok( finished for combination 1)
Click add new comb (for the 2nd combo.)
Load case name = comb1, scale factor = 0.75
Load case name = Eqxp, scale factor = 1.0
Ok
Repeat the process for the other combinations

## But for combination 14 which is a combination

to select the maximum and minimum values from
the previous combo results:
Add all 13 combos with a scale factor of 1 for
each
Change the load combination type to
envelop
Click on ok
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## G+6 RESIDENCIAL BUILDING ANALYSIS USING ETABS

based on CODE given, and the finishing load also
applied based on the type of the finishing. But in
this example we will apply similar load for each
panel.
Finishing loads ( floor finish, cement screed
and plastering) in this example take 8kN/m2
Since the floor is typical ,we can assign load at
a time to all floor
Select
Properties
Area section
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## Select the name of the floor(slab)

Ok
Uniform shell
Ok
Get previous selection
Uniform shell

Ok
Get previous selection
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## G+6 RESIDENCIAL BUILDING ANALYSIS USING ETABS

Uniform shell
Change the load pattern name to Live
Insert a uniform load of 3
Ok
Load from wall should be applied on each
beam based on the height and thickness of the
wall.
beam and intermediate(SLAB) beams, 4 kN/m
(parapet) to the X- direction external top tie beams
on which the trusses will be placed.
Assume the trusses will be placed on X
direction beams at 0.2, 0.5, and 0.8 (relative
distance) of each span.
Select
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## G+6 RESIDENCIAL BUILDING ANALYSIS USING ETABS

Properties
Frame section
Highlight(select) the Gr beam and Int beam
Ok
Distributed
Ok
Change the window to XY plane Z = 23 ( top
level)
Select the beams on axis b/n 1 and 7 ( for
Distributed
Insert 15/10 kN/m uniform load respectively
Ok
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## Select all the Y direction top tie beams

between axis 1 and 3
Point
Insert 13 kN load at points of 0.2, 0.5 and 0.8 in
relative distance form
Ok
Select all the Y direction top tie beams
between axis 3 and 5
Point
Insert 10 kN load at points of 0.1, 0.5 and 0.9 in
relative distance form
Ok
Select all the Y direction top tie beams
between axis 5 and 7
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## G+6 RESIDENCIAL BUILDING ANALYSIS USING ETABS

Point
Insert 15 kN load at points of 0.2, 0.5 and 0.8 in
relative distance form
Ok
Select all the X direction top tie beams
between axis 1 and 3
Point
Change the load pattern name to live
Insert 8 kN load at points of 0.2, 0.5 and 0.8 in
relative distance form
ok
Select all the Y direction top tie beams
between axis 3 and 5
Point
Make sure the load pattern name is live
Insert 5 kN load at points of 0.1, 0.5 and 0.9 in
relative distance form
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## G+6 RESIDENCIAL BUILDING ANALYSIS USING ETABS

Ok
Select all the Y direction top tie beams
between axis 5 and 7
Point
Make sure the load pattern name is live
Insert 3kN load at points of 0.2, 0.5 and 0.8 in
relative distance form
Ok
10. Analysis of the model
Run analysis
Change the modal action to do not run
Click on run now
By clicking no start animation on the task bar you
can check the model for each type of load cases or
combinations
To see the analysis results
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## G+6 RESIDENCIAL BUILDING ANALYSIS USING ETABS

Show forces
Frame
Choose the case/combo name
Choose the force type (axial ,shear , moment)
Ok
11. option
preferences
Concrete frame design
Change the design code to Euro2-2004
Ok
Concrete frame design
Select design combo
Add the combinations to be used for the
design
Uncheck on automatically generate code
combinations
ok
concrete frame design
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## start design/check of structure

12. To see the analysis and design results
Concrete frame design
From the drop down list select the type you
want to see
concrete gross area
Shear reinforcement area per unit spacing
Torsional reinforcement
Ok
To see detail info of one member

form

## Click the display menu show member

force/stresses Diagram
frame/pier/spandrel forces command
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## Select the moment 3-3 option and for Axial

force shear 2-2
Unchecked the fill diagram if it is checked.
Check the show values on diagram check box.
table
from the displayed box, check the analysis or
the design result that you want to see
ok ,
the program will display the result in table
form
to export to excel
export to excel
Edit copy then export to excel

THE END!!!!!
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