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THE FIRST EPISTLE OF PAUL THE APOSTLE TO THE

THESSALONIANS
PAUL HAS MANY PLEASANT MEMORIES of the days he spent with the infant
Thessalonian church. Their faith, hope, love, and perseverance in the face of
persecution are exemplary. Pauls labors as a spiritual parent to the fledgling
church have been richly rewarded, and his affection is visible in every line of
his letter.
Paul encourages them to excel in their newfound faith, to increase in their
love for one another, and to rejoice, pray, and give thanks always. He closes his
letter with instruction regarding the return of the Lord, whose advent signifies
hope and comfort for believers both living and dead.
Because this is the first of Pauls two canonical letters to the church at
Thessalonica, it received the title Pros Thessalonikeis A, the First to the
Thessalonians.
WATCH WORDS
holiness (majesty and moral perfection)3:13
coming (presence; visitation of royalty)3:13 (also4:15; 5:23)
sanctification (the process of being set apart or consecrated to God)4:3
sleep (diehere; or spiritual carelessness or indifference)5:10 (also5:6)
epistle (written letter)5:27

The Thessalonians Work ofFaith


Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto
the church of the Thessalonians which
is in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus
Christ: Grace be unto you, and peace, from
God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
2 We give thanks to God always for you all,
making mention of you in our prayers;
3 Remembering without ceasing your work
of faith, and labour of love, and patience of
hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of
God and our Father;
4 Knowing, brethren beloved, your election
of God.
5 For our gospel came not unto you in
word only, but also in power, and in the Holy
Ghost, and in much assurance; as ye know
what manner of men we were among you for
your sake.
6 And ye became followers of us, and of
the Lord, having received the word in much
affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost:
7 So that ye were ensamples to all that
believe in Macedonia and Achaia.
8 For from you sounded out the word of the
Lord not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but

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also in every place your faith to God-ward is


spread abroad; so that we need not to speak
any thing.
9 For they themselves shew of us what
manner of entering in we had unto you, and
how ye turned to God from idols to serve the
living and true God;
10 And to wait for his Son from heaven,
whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus,
1:3 work
(Gr. ergon) (Matt. 5:16; John 6:29; Rom. 3:28; Eph.
2:10) G2041: This word refers to business, employment, or anything with which one is occupied.
Both the labor or toil of work and the product
that results from the work are described by this
term. It is often used to simply mean deeds or
the actions that characterize a persons life. The
works of a believer are to draw others to faith
(Matt. 5:16), yet such works cannot save anyone
salvation is by faith alone through grace (Rom.
3:20, 28; Gal. 2:16). Works of the flesh are contrasted with works of the spirit (Gal. 5:19).
1:7 ensamplesee 1 Cor. 10:6.
1:9 servesee Rom. 14:18.

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1 Thessalonians 2:1
1380
which delivered us from the wrath to things of your own countrymen, even as they
have of the Jews:
come.
15 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their
Paul Recalls His Conduct
own prophets, and have persecuted us; and
For yourselves, brethren, know our they please not God, and are contrary to all
entrance in unto you, that it was not in men:
16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles
vain:
2 But even after that we had suffered that they might be saved, to fill up their sins
before, and were shamefully entreated, as ye alway: for the wrath is come upon them to
know, at Philippi, we were bold in our God to the uttermost.
speak unto you the gospel of God with much 17 But we, brethren, being taken from you
for a short time in presence, not in heart,
contention.
3 For our exhortation was not of deceit, nor endeavoured the more abundantly to see
your face with great desire.
of uncleanness, nor in guile:
4 But as we were allowed of God to be put 18 Wherefore we would have come unto
in trust with the gospel, even so we speak; you, even I Paul, once and again; but Satan
not as pleasing men, but God, which trieth hinderedus.
19 For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of
our hearts.
5 For neither at any time used we flattering rejoicing? Are not even ye in the presence of
words, as ye know, nor a cloak of covetous our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming?
20 For ye are our glory and joy.
ness; God is witness:
6 Nor of men sought we glory, neither of
you, nor yet of others, when we might have
1:10 deliver
been burdensome, as the apostles of Christ.
(Gr. rhyomai) (Matt. 6:13; 27:43; Rom. 7:24; 2 Pet.
7 But we were gentle among you, even as a
2:9) G4506: This verb has a variety of meanings,
nurse cherisheth her children:
including to draw to oneself, rescue, deliver, pre8 So being affectionately desirous of you,
serve, and save. It is not the most common word
for save in the New Testament, and it is used in
we were willing to have imparted unto you,
only 16 verses. It often refers to deliverance from
not the gospel of God only, but also our own
someone or something, and about half of the New
souls, because ye were dear untous.
Testament occurrences are quotations from the
9 For ye remember, brethren, our labour
Old Testament. God is our rescuer, both from our
and travail: for labouring night and day,
sins at salvation (2 Cor. 1:10; Col. 1:13) and for a
because we would not be chargeable unto any
glorious future (Rom. 11:26). Second Corinthians
of you, we preached unto you the gospel of
1:10 references deliverance for past, present, and
God.
future: [God] delivered [rhyomai] us from so
10 Ye are witnesses, and God also, how holily
great a death, and doth deliver [rhyomai]: in whom
and justly and unblameably we behaved
we trust that he will yet deliver [rhyomai] us.
ourselves among you that believe:
11 As ye know how we exhorted and
2:5 covetousness see Col. 3:5.
2:8 impart see Rom. 1:11.
comforted and charged every one of you, as a
2:13 work see 2 Cor. 4:12.
father doth his children,
2:14 follower see Eph. 5:1.
12 That ye would walk worthy of God, who
hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.
2:18 hinder
Pauls Glory and Joy
(Gr. enkopt) (Acts 24:4; Rom. 15:22; Gal. 5:7)
G1465: This verb means hinder, restrain,
13 For this cause also thank we God without
impede, cut into, or cut off ones wayparticu
ceasing, because, when ye received the word
larly describing an obstacle that must be overof God which ye heard of us, ye received it
come. The root words mean literally to cut in.
not as the word of men, but as it is in truth,
Here and in Romans 15:22 it refers to Satan or
the word of God, which effectually worketh
other forces preventing Paul from traveling where
also in you that believe.
he wished. In Galatians 5:7 it is used figuratively
14 For ye, brethren, became followers of
to refer to hindrances in ones spiritual growth.
the churches of God which in Judaea are in
In Acts 24:4, it means either weary or delay.
Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like

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1 Thessalonians 4:4
2 For ye know what commandments we
Timothys Good Report
Wherefore when we could no longer gave you by the Lord Jesus.
forbear, we thought it good to be left at 3 For this is the will of God, even your
sanctification, that ye should abstain from
Athens alone;
2 And sent Timotheus, our brother, and fornication:
minister of God, and our fellowlabourer in 4 That every one of you should know how
the gospel of Christ, to establish you, and to to possess his vessel in sanctification and
honour;
comfort you concerning your faith:
3 That no man should be moved by these
3:1 forbear see 1 Cor. 13:7.
afflictions: for yourselves know that we are
3:5 forbear see 1 Cor. 13:7.
appointed thereunto.
3:7 affliction see John 16:33.
4 For verily, when we were with you, we
3:10 exceedingly see John 10:10.
told you before that we should suffer tribula
3:13 unblameable see Heb. 8:7.
tion; even as it came to pass, and ye know.
5 For this cause, when I could no longer
3:13 holiness
forbear, I sent to know your faith, lest by
(Gr. hagisyn) (Rom. 1:4; 2 Cor. 7:1) G0042: This
some means the tempter have tempted you,
word, denoting majesty and moral perfection, is
and our labour be in vain.
only used three times in the New Testament. In
6 But now when Timotheus came from
each case it describes a sacredness and set-apart
you unto us, and brought us good tidings of
quality to a persons life and conduct. Believers
your faith and charity, and that ye have good
are consecrated to God and should live lives of
remembrance of us always, desiring greatly
moral purity and godly character that will cause
them not to feel ashamed at the coming of Christ.
to see us, as we also to see you:

Stand Fast intheLord


7 Therefore, brethren, we were comforted
over you in all our affliction and distress by
your faith:
8 For now we live, if ye stand fast in the
Lord.
9 For what thanks can we render to God
again for you, for all the joy wherewith we
joy for your sakes before our God;
10 Night and day praying exceedingly that
we might see your face, and might perfect
that which is lacking in your faith?
11 Now God himself and our Father, and
our Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto
you.
12 And the Lord make you to increase
and abound in love one toward another,
and toward all men, even as we do toward
you:
13 To the end he may stablish your hearts
unblameable in holiness before God, even
our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus
Christ with all his saints.
Called toHoliness
Furthermore then we beseech you,
brethren, and exhort you by the Lord
Jesus, that as ye have received of us how ye
ought to walk and to please God, so ye would
abound more and more.

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God has declared us holy through the work of


Christ on the Cross, and we are to live that out
in our lives.

3:13 coming
(Gr. parousia) (1 Thess. 4:15; 5:23; 2 Thess. 2:1;
2Pet. 1:16) G3952: The Greek word parousia literally means presence. The word was commonly
used in New Testament times to describe the
visitation of royalty or of some other important
person. Thus the word signals no ordinary coming. The New Testament writers use the word to
describe Christs second coming, when He will
return to earth in His ultimate, glorious visitation
as the King over all.
4:2 commandmentsee Acts 16:24.

4:3 sanctification
(Gr. hagiasmos) (1 Cor. 1:30; 1 Pet. 1:2) G0038:
The Greek noun may refer to sanctification as the
active work that brings about holiness (2 Thess.
2:13) or to the result of that work, in which case it
might be translated holiness (Heb. 12:14). Interpreters debate which of these senses is found in
particular occurrences in the New Testament. At
its root (as that of related words rendered holy,
sanctify, consecrate, etc.) is the idea of being
set apart or consecrated to God and thus His. This
implies separation from moral defilement.
4:3 fornicationsee Matt. 15:19.

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1 Thessalonians 4:5
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5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as 3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety;
then sudden destruction cometh upon them,
the Gentiles which know not God:
6 That no man go beyond and defraud his as travail upon a woman with child; and they
brother in any matter: because that the Lord shall not escape.
is the avenger of all such, as we also have fore 4 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that
that day should overtake you as a thief.
warned you and testified.
7 For God hath not called us unto unclean 5 Ye are all the children of light, and the
children of the day: we are not of the night,
ness, but unto holiness.
8 He therefore that despiseth, despiseth not nor of darkness.
man, but God, who hath also given unto us 6 Therefore let us not sleep, as do others;
but let us watch and be sober.
his holy Spirit.
9 But as touching brotherly love ye need not 7 For they that sleep sleep in the night; and
that I write unto you: for ye yourselves are they that be drunken are drunken in the
night.
taught of God to love one another.
10 And indeed ye do it toward all the breth 8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober,
ren which are in all Macedonia: but we putting on the breastplate of faith and love;
beseech you, brethren, that ye increase more and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.
9 For God hath not appointed us to wrath,
and more;
11 And that ye study to be quiet, and to do but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus
your own business, and to work with your Christ,
10 Who died for us, that, whether we wake
own hands, as we commanded you;
12 That ye may walk honestly toward them or sleep, we should live together with him.
that are without, and that ye may have lack of
nothing.
4:9 brotherly love see Heb. 13:1.

The Dead inChrist Shall Rise


13 But I would not have you to be ignorant,
brethren, concerning them which are asleep,
that ye sorrow not, even as others which have
no hope.
14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose
again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus
will God bring with him.
15 For this we say unto you by the word of
the Lord, that we which are alive and remain
unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent
them which are asleep.
16 For the Lord himself shall descend from
heaven with a shout, with the voice of the
archangel, and with the trump of God: and
the dead in Christ shall rise first:
17 Then we which are alive and remain
shall be caught up together with them in the
clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so
shall we ever be with the Lord.
18 Wherefore comfort one another with
these words.
Concluding Exhortations
But of the times and the seasons, breth
ren, ye have no need that I write unto you.
2 For yourselves know perfectly that the
day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the
night.

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4:11 studysee Rom. 15:20.


4:13 ignorantsee Rom. 10:3.
4:15 comingsee 1 Thess. 3:13.

4:17 be caught up
(Gr. harpaz) (2 Cor. 12:2; Rev. 12:5) G0726: The
verbs primary meaning is to snatch or to
seize (compare Jude 23, where the rendering is
pulling, as rescuing); a secondary meaning is
to steal or to plunder. This secondary concept of taking something by force is reflected in
Matthew 11:12. The word generally carries with
it the idea of force (though not necessarily violence) and often implies suddenness so that there
is no question of resistance (as here; see also Acts
8:39caught away). The typical usage in the
New Testament refers to a person being suddenly
taken away, as to heaven (2 Cor. 12:4).
5:1 timesee Acts 1:7.
5:3 destructionsee 2 Thess. 1:9.

5:10 sleep
(Gr. katheud) (Mark 4:27; Luke 22:46; Eph. 5:14)
G2518: The word means to sleep and usually
refers to natural sleep (as Matt. 13:25) but is used
figuratively in 1 Thessalonians 5:6, 7 to indicate
spiritual carelessness and indifference (similarly
in Eph. 5:14). That translation can be problematic.
Most interpreters favor the euphemistic meaning
Continued

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1 Thessalonians 5:28
11 Wherefore comfort yourselves together, 27 I charge you by the Lord that this epistle
and edify one another, even as also yedo.
be read unto all the holy brethren.
12 And we beseech you, brethren, to know 28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be
them which labour among you, and are over with you. Amen.
you in the Lord, and admonish you;
13 And to esteem them very highly in love
Continued
for their works sake. And be at peace among
die (possibly also in Mark 5:39 and parallels).
yourselves.
Thus, whether we wake or sleep figuratively
expresses the idea whether we live or die.
14 Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them
that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded,
5:11 edify see Acts 9:31.
support the weak, be patient toward all men.
5:20 prophesyings see Rom. 12:6.
15 See that none render evil for evil unto any
5:23 sanctify see John 10:36.
man; but ever follow that which is good, both
5:23 coming see 1 Thess. 3:13.
among yourselves, and to all men.
5:24 faithful see 2 Thess. 3:3.
16 Rejoice evermore.
17 Pray without ceasing.
5:27 epistle
18 In every thing give thanks: for this is the
(Gr. epistol) (2 Cor. 3:13; 2 Thess. 2:2, 15; 2 Pet.
will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.
3:1, 16) G1992: This Greek word has come into
19 Quench not the Spirit.
English as epistle. It signifies a written letter,
20 Despise not prophesyings.
whether personal correspondence (such as 2 and
21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is
3 John; see 2 John 12; 3 John 13), or official corregood.
spondence (such as Acts 15:2329; 23:2630), or a
formal treatise (such as Romans; see Rom. 16:22).
22 Abstain from all appearance of evil.
Sometimes letters of recommendation were sent
23 And the very God of peace sanctify you
along with emissaries in order to establish their
wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and
credentials among those they were visiting. In
soul and body be preserved blameless unto
2Corinthians, Paul called the believers in Corinth
the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
his epistles, or his living letters of recommenda24 Faithful is he that calleth you, who also
tion from God (2 Cor. 3:13). Here Paul exhorts the
will doit.
Thessalonians to read his letter to the entire church
25 Brethren, pray forus.
so that everyone could profit from its teaching.
26 Greet all the brethren with an holy kiss.

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THE SECOND EPISTLE OF PAUL THE APOSTLE TO THE

THESSALONIANS
SINCE PAULS FIRST LETTER, THE seeds of false doctrine have been
sown among the Thessalonians, causing them to waver in their faith. Paul
removes these destructive seeds and again plants the seeds of truth. He
begins by commending the believers on their faithfulness in the midst of
persecution and encouraging them that present suffering will be repaid with
future glory. Therefore, in the midst of persecution, expectation can be
high.
Paul then deals with the central matter of his letter: a misunderstanding
spawned by false teachers regarding the coming day of the Lord. Despite
reports to the contrary, that Day has not yet come, and Paul recounts the
events that must first take place. Laboring for the gospel, rather than lazy
resignation, is the proper response.
As the second letter in Pauls Thessalonian correspondence, this was
entitled Pros Thessalonikeis B, the Second to the Thessalonians.
WATCH WORDS
endure (bear up under the strain of suffering; persevere)1:4
falling away (sliding back, away from the faith)2:3
faithful (believing in God or Christ; reliable; dependable)3:3

Patience and Faith inPersecutions


Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto
the church of the Thessalonians in God
our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:
2 Grace unto you, and peace, from God our
Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
3 We are bound to thank God always for
you, brethren, as it is meet, because that your
faith groweth exceedingly, and the charity
of every one of you all toward each other
aboundeth;
4 So that we ourselves glory in you in the
churches of God for your patience and faith
in all your persecutions and tribulations that
ye endure:
5 Which is a manifest token of the righteous
judgment of God, that ye may be counted
worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye
also suffer:
6 Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to
recompense tribulation to them that trouble
you;
7 And to you who are troubled rest with us,
when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from
heaven with his mighty angels,

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8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them


that know not God, and that obey not the
gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:
1:1 Paulsee Acts 28:30.
1:4 persecutionsee Acts 8:1.

1:4 endure
(Gr. anechomai) (Mark 9:19; Eph. 4:2; Col. 3:13;
2 Tim. 4:3) G0430: This word is formed from the
preposition ana (G0303), up, and the verb ech
(G2192), to hold. Put together it means to bear
up under the strain of suffering, to persevere.
People who exhibit this characteristic maintain
their courage even in the face of great tribulation.
In Scripture this is often used to describe bearing
with someone in love, putting up with another
persons irritating or hurtful behaviors.
1:5 righteoussee Matt. 1:19.
1:5 judgmentsee John 3:19.
1:6 tribulationsee John 16:33.

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2 Thessalonians 2:10
9 Who shall be punished with everlasting
1:9 destruction
destruction from the presence of the Lord,
(Gr.
olethros) (1 Cor. 5:5; 1 Thess. 5:3; 1 Tim. 6:9)
and from the glory of his power;
G3639: This word summarizes bad outcomes:
10 When he shall come to be glorified in his
destruction, ruin, and death. These are the
saints, and to be admired in all them that
external ills that subdue the lusts of the flesh.
believe (because our testimony among you
Typically in the New Testament this word carwas believed) in that day.
ries eschatological and spiritual implications,
Counted Worthy ofGods Calling
11 Wherefore also we pray always for you,
that our God would count you worthy of
this calling, and fulfil all the good pleasure
of his goodness, and the work of faith with
power:
12 That the name of our Lord Jesus Christ
may be glorified in you, and ye in him,
according to the grace of our God and the
Lord Jesus Christ.
The Mystery ofIniquity
Now we beseech you, brethren, by the
coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by
our gathering together unto him,
2 That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be
troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor
by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ
is at hand.
3 Let no man deceive you by any means: for
that day shall not come, except there come
a falling away first, and that man of sin be
revealed, the son of perdition;
4 Who opposeth and exalteth himself
above all that is called God, or that is
worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the
temple of God, shewing himself that he is
God.
5 Remember ye not, that, when I was yet
with you, I told you these things?
6 And now ye know what withholdeth that
he might be revealed in his time.
7 For the mystery of iniquity doth already
work: only he who now letteth will let, until
he be taken out of the way.
8 And then shall that Wicked be revealed,
whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit
of his mouth, and shall destroy with the
brightness of his coming:
9 Even him, whose coming is after the
working of Satan with all power and signs
and lying wonders,
10 And with all deceivableness of unrigh
teousness in them that perish; because they
received not the love of the truth, that they
might be saved.

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such as here where eternal destruction is in view.


Interpreters debate its usage in 1 Corinthians 5:5,
whether it refers to physical death or some other
bodily judgment.
1:11 goodnesssee Rom. 15:14.
2:1 comingsee 1 Thess. 3:13.
2:2 mindsee Rom. 7:25.
2:2 lettersee 1 Thess. 5:27.

2:3 falling away


(Gr. apostasia) (Acts 21:21) G0646: The meaning
here is a falling away from the faith; the word is
used twice in the New Testament. The nation of
Israel fell into repeated backslidings (Jer. 5:6).
The prophet Jeremiah predicted the judgment of
God upon such disloyalty: Thine own wickedness shall correct thee, and thy backslidings shall
reprove thee (Jer. 2:19). In the New Testament,
apostasy is generally defined as the determined,
willful rejection of Christ and His teachings by
a Christian believer (John 15:22; Heb. 10:2629).
This is different from false belief, or error, which
is the result of ignorance. The Day of Christ will
not come unless the falling away comes first,
and the man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition (2 Thess. 2:3). Some teach that falling away
is impossible for those persons who have truly
accepted Jesus as Savior and Lord.
2:7 mysterysee Luke 8:10.

2:8 wicked
(Gr. anomos) (Mark 15:28; 1 Tim. 1:9; 2 Pet.
2:8) G0459: The Greek word anomos literally
means without law. Thus the phrase here in
this verse, that Wicked, is depicting the man
of rebellion. Just as Christ embodies righteousness, so that Wicked will embody rebellion
against Gods righteous law. This figure is probably the same person described by John as the
Antichrist (1John 4:2, 3) and the beast (Rev.
13:1). With his open defiance of the sovereign
Ruler of the universe, this man is the embodiment of evil and the great opponent of Christ and
His kingdom.
2:8 brightnesssee 2 Tim. 4:8.
2:9 workingsee Col. 1:29.

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2 Thessalonians 2:11
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11 And for this cause God shall send them night and day, that we might not be charge
strong delusion, that they should believe able to any of you:
9 Not because we have not power, but to
a lie:
12 That they all might be damned who make ourselves an ensample unto you to
believed not the truth, but had pleasure in followus.
10 For even when we were with you, this we
unrighteousness.
commanded you, that if any would not work,
Called totheObtaining ofChrists
neither should he eat.
Glory
11 For we hear that there are some which
13 But we are bound to give thanks alway walk among you disorderly, working not at
to God for you, brethren beloved of the all, but are busybodies.
Lord, because God hath from the beginning 12 Now them that are such we command
chosen you to salvation through sanctifica and exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ, that
with quietness they work, and eat their own
tion of the Spirit and belief of the truth:
14 Whereunto he called you by our gospel, bread.
to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord 13 But ye, brethren, be not weary in well
doing.
Jesus Christ.
15 Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold 14 And if any man obey not our word by this
the traditions which ye have been taught, epistle, note that man, and have no company
with him, that he may be ashamed.
whether by word, or our epistle.
16 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and
God, even our Father, which hath loved us,
2:11 delusion see Jude 11.
and hath given us everlasting consolation
2:15 epistle see 1 Thess. 5:27.
and good hope through grace,
3:3 faithful
17 Comfort your hearts, and stablish you in
every good word and work.
(Gr. pistos) (1 Cor. 10:13; 1 Thess. 5:24; 1 Tim.

The Lord Is Faithful


Finally, brethren, pray for us, that the
word of the Lord may have free course,
and be glorified, even as it is with you:
2 And that we may be delivered from
unreasonable and wicked men: for all men
have not faith.
3 But the Lord is faithful, who shall stablish
you, and keep you from evil.
4 And we have confidence in the Lord
touching you, that ye both do and will do the
things which we command you.
5 And the Lord direct your hearts into the
love of God, and into the patient waiting for
Christ.

Be Not Weary inWell Doing


6 Now we command you, brethren, in the
name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye with
draw yourselves from every brother that
walketh disorderly, and not after the tradi
tion which he received ofus.
7 For yourselves know how ye ought to
follow us: for we behaved not ourselves disor
derly among you;
8 Neither did we eat any mans bread for
nought; but wrought with labour and travail

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1:15; Heb. 11:11) G4103: This word originally


comes from peith (G3982), to convince (see
2Thess. 3:4). It is used in an active sense to mean
one who believes in God or Christ and in the
passive sense to mean one who is dependable.
It is used to describe those who are reliable and
honest in business dealings (Matt. 24:45; Luke
16:11) or in relationships (1 Cor. 4:17). When used
in the phrase a faithful saying, this word means
reliable or trustworthy (2 Tim. 2:11; cf. Rev. 21:5).
Because God is utterly faithful to us, we can have
confidence in the complete trustworthiness of all
His promises.

3:4 have confidence


(Gr. peith) (Acts 18:4; 28:23; Rom. 8:38; Phil.
1:6) G3982: This word is used in two ways. As an
intransitive verb it means to be convinced, to be
persuaded. In this sense it is used to describe
being convinced of truth by an argument (Acts
28:23, 24). As a transitive verb it means to convince, to pacify, to persuade. We read, for example, of Pauls confidence that God will keep His
promises (Phil. 1:6; 2 Tim. 1:12). In both uses a
change of mind is implied, resulting in an inward
certainty and trust.
3:6 brethrensee Mark 10:29.
3:8 wroughtsee John 9:4.

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1387
2 Thessalonians 3:18
15 Yet count him not as an enemy, but hand, which is the token in every epistle: so I
write.
admonish him as a brother.
18 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be
Peace By All Means
with you all. Amen.
16 Now the Lord of peace himself give you
peace always by all means. The Lord be with
3:17 token see John 6:26.
you all.
17 The salutation of Paul with mine own

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