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WORD-SPLITTING IN ENGLISH

S p l i t t i n g words i n E n g l i s h i s g e n e r a l l y t o r n between two p r i n c i p i e s :


(1) c u t t i n g a c c o r d i n g t o s y l l a b l e s ,
ac-cord
pho-neme
mem-ber
vir-tue
(2) c u t t i n g a c c o r d i n g t o morphemes,
learn-ing
trans-pose
some -one
turn-over
I t s h o u l d be noted t h a t i n American E n g l i s h most words a r e d i v i d e d
according
t o pronunciation
and i n B r i t i s h
English,
according t o
derivation
(e.g. demo-cracy
i n British
E n g l i s h and democ-racy i n
American E n g l i s h )
RtJLES FOR WORD DIVISION
1

D i v i d e by s y l l a b l e : e g

de-mand

2. D i v i d e between double consonants


(e.g.,
split-ting)
consonants a r e p a r t o f one s y l l a b l e (e.g , tell-ing) .

unless

2.1.
Most
gerunds
and p r e s e n t
j u s t b e f o r e the - i n g i f they end i n :

be

a vowel
a s i n g l e consonant
a double consonant
two consonants
3

participles

may

the

divided

e g , chang (e)-ing
e g ,
enter-ing
e.g.,
dwell-ing
e g , certify- ing

D i v i d e b e f o r e the s u f f i x and a f t e r t h e p r e f i x :
con-elude
ex-clude
dis-pleasure
un-experient
help-ful
rest-less

4. Compounded words a r e d i v i d e ! a t t h e i r n a t u r a l
e g ,
school-master

breaks:

5 D i v i d e hyphenated words o n l y a t the hyphen:


e g , twenty- two
(not twen-ty-two)
6 Do not c a r r y over a s i n g l e l e t t e r o r l e a v e a s i n g l e l e t t e r a t t h e end
of a l i n e :
e.g., elu-cidate
o r eluci-date
(not e-lucidate)
heavy
(not heav-y)
7. Do not s p l i t words o r p a r t s o f words which a r e pronounced as a s i n g l e
syllable:
e.g , nice
(not ni-ce)