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FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA

ETHIOPIAN ROADS AUTHORITY

STANDARD DETAIL
DRAWINGS

2002

Standard Detail Drawings 2002

Preface

PREFACE

Updates:

This Standard Detail Drawings-2001 is one of the series of Design Manuals, Standard Contract
Documents and Specifications prepared under a credit financing of the International Development
Agency (IDA). The consulting services were provided by the Louis Berger Group, Inc.

This manual will be updated and revised from time to time, as deemed appropriate. Significant changes to
criteria, procedures or any other relevant issues related to the new policies or revised law of the land,
ERA, or that is mandated by the relevant Federal Government Ministry or Agency, should be amended
and incorporated in the manual as soon as possible after their date of effectiveness.
Other minor changes, not affecting the whole nature of this manual, may be accumulated and made
periodically. When a change is approved, new page(s) instituting the revisions, together with the revision
date, will be issued and inserted in to the relevant Chapters.

This manual has been developed from current international practice appropriately modified to take
account of local experience and conditions. It is written for the practicing Engineer.
ERA formed a Project Working Group charged with evaluating and commenting upon the draft manual
and guiding the Consultant on the preparation of the final manuals. Members of the Working Group and
the Louis Berger Group for this manual consists of the following:
1. Ato Fesseha Taffese
A/Manager, Design, Research and Network Management Division and Group Chairman
2. Ato Fekadu Haile
Senior Advisor to the General Manager
3. Mr. Peter Drummond
Road Sector Development Programme Advisor to the General Manager
4. Mr. Henry S. Mildenhall
Contract Administration Specialist
5. Ato Yemane Shiferaw
Head Design and Research Branch
6. Ato Yohanese Bantyederu
Engineer from the Design and Research Branch
Mr. Michael S. Nyquist
Mr. Lennart Rahm
Mr. Henok Aberra

All revisions to the Standard Detail Drawings will be made strictly in accordance with the following
procedures:
(1) Any proposed change will be submitted by or through the Head of the Design (Branch, Division) of
ERA.
(2) The proposed change, addition, or deletion will be submitted on a Manual Change form 1-1(see the
attached form) and forwarded with an explanation of its need and purpose.
(3) If the change is approved, the General Manager will sign the Manual Change form and return a
copy to the Head of the Design (Branch, Division), who will arrange for the change to be
incorporated into the Bridge Design Manual.
(4) The Head of the Design (Branch, Division) will re-issue all effected pages of the manual showing
the proper revision date as shown on the Manual Change form.1-1.

Louis Berger Group Project Manager


Louis Berger Group Pavement Engineer
SABA PLC Structural Engineer

Companion Documents and Manuals prepared under the same service are the following:
1. Geometric Design Manual-2002
2. Site Investigation Manual-2002
3. Pavement Design Manual Volume I-2002 (Flexible & Gravel)
4. Pavement Design Manual Volume II-2002 (Rigid Pavements)
5. Overlay/Rehabilitation Manual-2002
6. Drainage Design Manual Volume I & II-2002
7. Bridge Design Manual-2002
8. Standard Environmental Methodologies & Procedures Manual-2002
9. Standard Technical Specifications-2002
10. Standard Bidding Documents For Road Works Contract
National Competitive Bidding (NCB)-2002
11. Standard Tendering Documents for Road Works Contract
International Competitive Bidding (ICB)-2002
Appropriate reviews and comments were also provided by agencies and individuals through ERAs
Project Working Group. The Working Group wishes to acknowledge for the contributions made by all
other specialists within ERA and outside of ERA in the preparation of these Manuals and Documents.

Ethiopian Road Authority

Preface

Standard Detail Drawings 2002

ETHIOPIAN ROADS AUTHORITY


STANDARD DETAIL DRAWINGS
This area to be competed by the
Head of ERA Design (Branch ,
Division)

MANUAL CHANGE

Section
Table
Figure

Explanation

Submitted by: __________________


Head of Design (Branch, Divisio
Date: ___________________

CHANGE NO._____________
(SECTION NO. CHANGE NO.
_____________- ____________

To be deleted

To be
inserted

Approved by: ____________________________


ERA General Manager
Date: ___________________

Manual change Form 1-1

Ethiopian Road Authority

Standard Detail Drawings 2002

FOREWORD

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This is the first comprehensive Standard Detail Drawings document prepared for the use and technical
guidance for design personnel of the Ethiopian Roads Authority and consultants doing structural design
for the Authority. However, it may also be used as a guide by other agencies undertaking relevant work
in the road sector.

This Standard Detail Drawings-2001 document is based on a review of the design standards of several
countries, among which are AASHTO, ITE, FHA, TRB (USA), EBCS (Ethiopia), Swedish Standards and
Australian Standards.

The Ethiopian Roads Authority has prepared this Standard Document under a credit from the
International Development Agency (IDA) for design of new roads and structures and for the
rehabilitation of existing ones in order to standardize design practices in all ERA design works.

In the selection of the appropriate Standard Detail Drawings for Ethiopia, material from these and other
sources have been gleaned and evaluated to determine the set of standards most appropriate for Ethiopia
and Ethiopian conditions.

The road network comprises a huge national asset that requires adherence to appropriate standards for
design, construction and maintenance in order to provide a high level of service. As the length of the
engineered road network is increasing, appropriate choice of methods to preserve this investment
becomes increasingly important.

The authors of the manual are listed in the preface.

This standard drawing document shall be used in conjunction with the other ERA Design Manuals-2001.
The design standards set out in this Manual shall be adhered to unless otherwise directed by the
concerned bodies with in ERA. However, I will like to emphasize that careful consideration to sound
engineering practice shall be observed in the use of the Manual, and under no circumstances shall the
Manual waive professional judgment in applied engineering. For simplification in reference this Manual
may be cited as ERA Standard Detail Drawings2001.
It is my sincere hope that these standard drawings will provide all users with both a standard reference
and a ready source of good practice for the design of roads, and will assist in a cost effective operation,
and environmentally sustainable development of our road network.
I look forward to the practices contained in this Manual being quickly adopted into our operations,
thereby making a sustainable contribution to the improved infrastructure of our country.
As this Manual due to Technological development and change, requires periodic updating, comments
and suggestions on all aspects from any concerned body, group or individual as feedback during its
implementation is expected and will be highly appreciated.

Tesfamichael Nahusenay
General Manager
Ethiopian Roads Authority

Ethiopian Road Authority

Standard Detail Drawings 2002

Table of Drawings

TABLE OF DRAWINGS
BRIDGE DRAWINGS
B-01
B-02
B-03
B-04
B-05
B-06
B-07
B-08
B-09
B-10
B-11
B-12
B-13
B-14
B-15
B-16
B-17
B-18
B-19
B-20
B-21
B-22
B-23
B-24
B-25
B-26
B-27
B-28
B-29
B-30
B-31
B-32
B-33
B-34
B-35
B-36
B-37
B-38
B-39
B-40
B-41

Bridge RC slab 6m span; width 4.5m


Bridge RC slab 6m span; width 7.3m
Bridge RC slab 6m span; width 10.0m
Bridge RC slab 8m span; width 4.5m
Bridge RC slab 8m span; width 7.3m
Bridge RC slab 8m span; width 10.0m
Bridge RC slab 10m span; width 4.5m
Bridge RC slab 10m span; width 7.3m
Bridge RC slab 10m span; width 10.0m
Bridge RC Deck Girder 12m. Span; width 4.5m Sheet 1
Bridge RC Deck Girder 12m. Span; width 4.5m Sheet 2
Bridge RC Deck Girder 12m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 1
Bridge RC Deck Girder 12m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 2
Bridge RC Deck Girder 12m. Span; width 10.0m Sheet 1
Bridge RC Deck Girder 12m. Span; width 10.0m Sheet 2
Bridge RC Deck Girder 14m. Span; width 4.5m Sheet 1
Bridge RC Deck Girder 14m. Span; width 4.5m Sheet 2
Bridge RC Deck Girder 14m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 1
Bridge RC Deck Girder 14m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 2
Bridge RC Deck Girder 14m. Span; width 10.0m Sheet 1
Bridge RC Deck Girder 14m. Span; width 10.0m Sheet 2
Bridge RC Deck Girder 16m. Span; width 4.5m Sheet 1
Bridge RC Deck Girder 16m. Span; width 4.5m Sheet 2
Bridge RC Deck Girder 16m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 1
Bridge RC Deck Girder 16m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 2
Bridge RC Deck Girder 16m. Span; width 10.0m Sheet 1
Bridge RC Deck Girder 16m. Span; width 10.0m Sheet 2
Standard Bars
Steel Plate Bearing, Fixed 500-1000 kn Type FPB1
Steel Plate Bearing Detail for 12-16m span R.C.D.G. superstructures
Steel Roller bearing, Expandable, 500-850 kn type ERB2
Bridge Deck Outlet Drainage Type D1 & D2
Asphaltic Plug Type Bridge Joint System
Concrete Guard Rail for R.C. Bridges
Curb Stones and Edge Beams
Low Level Water Crossing 5 m wide
Masonry Abutment for Four Girder Superstructures
Composite Bridge 24 m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 1
Composite Bridge 24 m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 2
Composite Bridge 24 m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 3
Composite Bridge 24 m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 4

B-42
B-43
B-44
B-45
B-46
B-47
B-48
B-49
B-50
B-51
B-52
B-53
B-54

Bridge RC Deck Girder 20m. Span; width 10.0m Sheet 1


Bridge RC Deck Girder 20m. Span; width 10.0m Sheet 2
Bridge RC Deck Girder 30m. Span; width 10.0m Sheet 1
Bridge RC Deck Girder 30m. Span; width 10.0m Sheet 2
Bridge RC Deck Girder 30m. Span; width 10.0m Sheet 3
Bridge RC Deck Girder 30m. Span; width 10.0m Sheet 4
Bridge RC Deck Girder 20m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 1
Bridge RC Deck Girder 20m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 2
Bridge RC Deck Girder 30m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 1
Bridge RC Deck Girder 30m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 2
Bridge RC Deck Girder 30m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 3
Bridge RC Deck Girder 30m. Span; width 7.3m Sheet 4
Joint Details for 20m and 30m Span Bridges; width 7.3m or 10m.

G-04
G-05A
G-05B
G-06
G-07
G-08
G-09
G-10
G-11
G-12
G-13
G-14

T-Junction
Cross Junction
Staggered Junction
Typical Roundabout
Driveway
Climbing Lane
Railway Crossing
Bus Lay-By and Parking Bay
Traffic Signs
Destination Sign
Road Marking
Curb and Sidewalk, Kilometer and Guide Posts
PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE DRAWINGS

BOX CULVERT AND SLAB CULVERT DRAWINGS


C-01
C-02
C-03
C-04
C-05
C-06
C-07

Box Culverts Miscellaneous Details


Single Box Culvert 3m. Clear Span; 2-4m. Wall height and fill 0-8
Single Box Culvert 4m. Clear Span; 2-4m. Wall height and fill 0-8
Double Box Culvert 3m. Clear Span, 2-4m. Height fill 0-8m.
Double Box Culvert 4m. Clear Span, 2-4m. Height fill 0-8m.
Single Slab Culverts 1-6 Clear Span; and fill < 8.2m.
Double Slab Culverts 3-6 Clear Span. Fill height < 6,0m.

DRAINAGE DRAWINGS
D-01
D-02
D-03
D-04
D-05
D-06
D-07
D-08

RC Pipe Culverts
Culvert Inlet and Endwall Sheet 1
Culvert Inlet and Endwall Sheet 2
Gutters and Ditches
Check Dam and Cascade Sheet 1
Check Dam and Cascade Sheet 2
Curb Drop Inlet 0.75m-1.2m Pipe, Max. Depth (H)-2.7 m Sheet 1
Curb Drop Inlet 0.75m-1.2m Pipe, Max. Depth (H)-2.7 m Sheet 2

P-01
P-02
P-03
P-04
P-05
P-06

GUARDRAIL DRAWINGS
R-01
R-02
R-03
R-04
R-05
R-06
R-07
R-08
R-09
R-10

GEOMETRIC AND GENERAL DRAWINGS


G-01A
G-01B
G-01C
G-02
G-03

Typical Cross Sections-Sheet 1/3


Typical Cross Sections-Sheet 2/3
Typical Cross Sections-Sheet 3/3
Superelevation Development
Curve and Fill Widening

Pedestrian Footbridge 4m. Span; width-3m


Pedestrian Footbridge 6m. Span; width-3m
Pedestrian Footbridge 8m. Span; width-3m
Pedestrian Footbridge 10m. Span; width-3m
Pedestrian Steel Truss Bridge 28m. Clear span
Pedestrian Steel Truss Span 28m: A, B & Railing Details

Guardrails and Post


Guardrail W Beam-Fixed Object Attachment
Guardrail Terminal GR7
Guardrails Hardware: W Beam End Section
Guardrail Hardware: W Beam
Guardrail At Low Fill Culverts
Tubular Guardrail Mounted on Culvert Sheet 1
Tubular Guardrail Mounted on Culvert Sheet 2
Tubular Guardrail Mounted on Bridge Slab
Guardrail, W Beam: Buried End Terminal Treatment

RETAINING WALL DRAWINGS


W-01
W-02
W-03
W-04

Retaining wall, RC Cantilever 2-6m High With Roadway on top


Retaining Wall, RC Cantilever 2-6m.High With Roadway on Top
Retaining wall, RC Cantilever 2-6m High with 2:1 Inclined Fill
Masonry Retaining Wall

Ethiopian Road Authority