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SUNAN ABU DAWUD

BOOK 29: DIVINATION AND


OMENS (KITAB AL-
KAHANAH WA AL-
TATAYYUR)

Document Information:

1st edition

Edited by: Mika'il al-Almany

Created: 2009-10-02 17:41:54

Last modified: 2010-06-24 10:23:36

Version: 1006241023362336-72
SUNAN ABU DAWUD BOOK 29: DIVINATION AND OMENS (KITAB AL-KAHANAH WA AL-TATAYYUR)

Book 29, Number 3895:


Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: If anyone resorts to a diviner and believes in what he says
(according) to the version of Musa), or has intercourse with his wife (according to the agreed ver-
sion) when she is menstruating, or has intercourse with his wife through her anus, he has nothing to
do with what has been sent down to Muhammad (peace be upon him) - according to the version of
Musaddad.

Book 29, Number 3896:


Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: If anyone acquires any knowledge of astrology, he acquires
a branch of magic of which he gets more as long as he continues to do so.

Book 29, Number 3898:


Narrated Qabisah:

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say: Augury from the flight of birds, taking evil
omens and the practice of pressomancy pertain to divination. Tarq: It is used in the sense of divina-
tion in which women threw stones. 'Iyafah: It means geomancy by drawing lines.

Book 29, Number 3901:


Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Taking omens is polytheism; taking omens is polytheism.
He said it three times. Every one of us has some, but Allah removes it by trust (in Him).

Book 29, Number 3904:


Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is no ghoul.

Book 29, Number 3907:


Narrated AbuHurayrah:

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SUNAN ABU DAWUD BOOK 29: DIVINATION AND OMENS (KITAB AL-KAHANAH WA AL-TATAYYUR)

When the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) heard a word, and he liked it, he said: We took
your omen from your mouth.

Book 29, Number 3909:


Narrated Urwah ibn Amir al-Qurashi:

When taking omens was mentioned in the presence of the Prophet (peace be upon him), he said:
The best type is the good omen, and it does not turn back a Muslim. If one of you sees anything he
dislikes, he should say: O Allah, no one brings good things except Thee, and no one averts evil things
except Thee and there is no might and power but in Allah.

Book 29, Number 3910:


Narrated Buraydah ibn al-Hasib:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not take omens from anything, but when he sent out an
agent he asked about his name. If it pleased him, he was glad about it, and his cheerfulness on that
account was visible in his face. If he disliked his name, his displeasure on that account was visible in
his face. When he entered a village, he asked about its name, and if it pleased him, he was glad about
it, and his cheerfulness on that account was visible in his face. But if he disliked its name, his dis -
pleasure on that account was visible in his face.

Book 29, Number 3911:


Narrated Sa'd ibn Malik:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is no hamah, no infection and no evil omen; if there
is in anything an evil omen, it is a house, a horse, and a woman.

Book 29, Number 3912:


Narrated Farwah ibn Musayk:

Yahya ibn Abdullah ibn Buhayr said that he was informed by one who had heard Farwah ibn
Musayk tell that he said: Apostle of Allah! we have land called Abyan, which is the land where we
have our fields and grow our crops, but it is very unhealthy. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
Leave it, for destruction comes from being near disease.

Book 29, Number 3913:


Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

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SUNAN ABU DAWUD BOOK 29: DIVINATION AND OMENS (KITAB AL-KAHANAH WA AL-TATAYYUR)

A man said: Apostle of Allah! we were in an abode in which our numbers and our goods were
many and changed to an abode in which our numbers and our goods became few. The Apostle of Al -
lah (peace be upon him) said: Leave it, for it is reprehensible.

Book 29, Number 3914:


Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) took a man who was suffering from tubercular leprosy
by the hand; he then put it along with his own hand in the dish and said: Eat with confidence in Al-
lah and trust in Him.

Book 29, Number 3915:


Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: A slave who has entered into an agreement to purchase his
freedom is a slave as long as a dirham of the agreed price remains to be paid.

Book 29, Number 3916:


Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: If any slave entered into an agreement to buy his freedom
for one hundred uqiyahs and he pays them all but ten, he remains a slave (until he pays the remain-
ing ten); and if a slave entered into an agreement to purchase his freedom for one hundred dinars,
and he pays them all but ten dinars, he remains a slave (until he pays the remaining ten).

Book 29, Number 3917:


Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) said to us: If one of you has a slave, and he enters into an
agreement to purchase his freedom, and can pay the full price, she must veil herself from him.

Book 29, Number 3920:


Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

Juwayriyyah, daughter of al-Harith ibn al-Mustaliq, fell to the lot of Thabit ibn Qays ibn Sham-
mas, or to her cousin. She entered into an agreement to purchase her freedom. She was a very beau -
tiful woman, most attractive to the eye.

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SUNAN ABU DAWUD BOOK 29: DIVINATION AND OMENS (KITAB AL-KAHANAH WA AL-TATAYYUR)

Aisha said: She then came to the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) asking him for the purchase
of her freedom. When she was standing at the door, I looked at her with disapproval. I realised that
the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) would look at her in the same way that I had looked.

She said: Apostle of Allah, I am Juwayriyyah, daughter of al-Harith, and something has happened
to me, which is not hidden from you. I have fallen to the lot of Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shammas, and I
have entered into an agreement to purchase of my freedom. I have come to you to seek assistance for
the purchase of my freedom.

The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Are you inclined to that which is better? She asked:
What is that, Apostle of Allah? He replied: I shall pay the price of your freedom on your behalf, and I
shall marry you.

She said: I shall do this. She (Aisha) said: The people then heard that the Apostle of Allah (peace be
upon him) had married Juwayriyyah. They released the captives in their possession and set them
free, and said: They are the relatives of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) by marriage. We did
not see any woman greater than Juwayriyyah who brought blessings to her people. One hundred
families of Banu al-Mustaliq were set free on account of her.

Book 29, Number 3921:


Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin:

Safinah said: I was a slave of Umm Salamah, and she said: I shall emancipate you, but I stipulate
that you must serve the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) as long as you live. I said: Even if you
do not make a stipulation, I shall not leave the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him). She then eman-
cipated me and made the stipulation with me.

Book 29, Number 3922:


Narrated Usamah ibn Umayr al-Huzali:

(This is AbulWalid's version): A man emancipated a share in a slave and the matter was mentioned
to the Prophet (peace be upon him). He said: Allah has no partner.

Ibn Kathir added in his version: The Prophet (peace be upon him) allowed his emancipation.

Book 29, Number 3923:


Narrated AbuHurayrah:

A man emancipated his share in a slave. The Prophet (peace be upon him) allowed his (full)
emancipation, and required him to pay the rest of his price.

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SUNAN ABU DAWUD BOOK 29: DIVINATION AND OMENS (KITAB AL-KAHANAH WA AL-TATAYYUR)

Book 29, Number 3937:


Narrated ath-Thalabb ibn Tha'labah at-Tamimi:

A man emancipated his share in a slave. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not put the respons-
ibility on him to emancipate the rest.

Book 29, Number 3938:


Narrated Samurah:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: (The narrator Musa said in another place: From Samurah
ibn Jundub as presumed by Hammad): If anyone gets possession of a relative who is within the pro-
hibited degrees, that person becomes free. AbuDawud said: A similar tradition has also been trans-
mitted by Samurah from the Prophet (peace be upon him) through a different chain.

Book 29, Number 3939:


Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab:

Qatadah reported Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) as saying: If anyone gets
possession of a relative who is within the prohibited degrees, that person becomes free.

Book 29, Number 3942:


Narrated Sulamah bint Ma'qil al-Qasiyyah:

My uncle brought me (to Medina) in the pre-Islamic days. He sold me to al-Hubab ibn Amr,
brother of AbulYusr ibn Amr. I bore a child, AbdurRahman ibn al-Hubab, to him and he (al-Hubab)
then died.

Thereupon his wife said: I swear by Allah, now you will be sold (as a repayment) for his loan.

So I came to the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) and said: Apostle of Allah! I am a woman of
Banu Kharijah Qays ibn Aylan. My uncle had brought me to Medina in pre-Islamic days. He sold me
to al-Hubab ibn Amr, brother of AbulYusr ibn Amr. I bore AbdurRahman ibn al-Hubab to him. His
wife said: I swear by Allah, you will be sold for his loan.

The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Who is the guardian of al-Hubab?

He was told: His brother, AbulYusr ibn Amr. He then sent for him and said: Set her free; when you
hear that some slaves have been brought to me, came to me, and I shall compensate you for her.

She said: They set me free, and when some slaves were brought to the Apostle of Allah (peace be
upon him), he gave them a slave in compensation for me.

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SUNAN ABU DAWUD BOOK 29: DIVINATION AND OMENS (KITAB AL-KAHANAH WA AL-TATAYYUR)

Book 29, Number 3943:


Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

We sold slave-mothers during the time of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) and of
AbuBakr. When Umar was in power, he forbade us and we stopped.

Book 29, Number 3952:


Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The child of adultery is worst of the three.

Book 29, Number 3953:


Narrated Wathilah ibn al-Asqa:

Al-Arif ibn ad-Daylami said: We went to Wathilah ibn al-Asqa and said to him: Tell us a tradition
which has not addition or omission. He became angry and replied: One of you recites when his copy
of a Qur'an is hung up in his house, and he makes additions and omissions. We said: All we mean is
a tradition you have heard from the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him). He said: We went to the
Prophet (peace be upon him) about a friend of ours who deserved. Hell for murder. He said: Eman-
cipate a slave on his behalf; Allah will set free from Hell a member of the body for every member of
his.

Book 29, Number 3954:


Narrated AbuNajih as-Sulami:

Along with the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) we besieged the palace of at-Ta'if. The nar -
rator, Mutadh, said: I heard my father (sometimes) say: "Palace of at-Ta'if," and (sometimes) "Fort of
at-Ta'if," which are the same.

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say: he who causes an arrow to hit its mark in
Allah's cause will have it counted as a degree for him (in Paradise). He then transmitted the rest of
the tradition.

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say: If a Muslim man emancipates a Muslim
man, Allah, the Exalted, will make every bone of his protection for every bone of his emancipator
from Hell; and if a Muslim woman emancipates a Muslim woman, Allah will make every bone of
hers protection for every bone of her emancipator from Hell on the Day of Resurrection.

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SUNAN ABU DAWUD BOOK 29: DIVINATION AND OMENS (KITAB AL-KAHANAH WA AL-TATAYYUR)

Book 29, Number 3955:


Narrated Marrah ibn Ka'b:

Amr ibn Abasah, said that Marrah ibn Ka'b said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him)
say: If anyone emancipates a Muslim slave, that will be his ransom from Jahannam.

Book 29, Number 3957:


Narrated AbudDarda':

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: the similitude of a man who emancipates a slave at the time
of his death is like that of a man who gives a present after satisfying his appetite.

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