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1

Which of the following is not an application of electrolysis in industry?


Antara berikut yang manakah bukan kegunaan elektrolisis dalam industri?

Purification of metals
Penulenan logam

Melting of metals
Peleburan logam

Electroplating of metals
Penyaduran logam

Extraction of metals
Pengekstrakan logam

What is the meant by number of mole?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan bilangan mol?

A The volume occupied by 6.02 X 1023 particles


Isi padu yang dipenuhi oleh zarah sebanyak 6.02 X 1023

B The atomic mass of a substance which consist of 6.02 X 1023 atoms


Jisim atom suatu bahan yang terdiri daripada 6.02 X 1023 atom

C The molecular mass of a substance which consist of 6.02 X 1023 molecules


Jisim molekul suatu bahan yang terdiri daripada 6.02 X 1023 molekul

D The quantity of a substance which has the same number of particles as the number of
atoms in 12.00 g of carbon-12
Kuantiti bahan yang mempunyai bilangan zarah yang sama dengan bilangan atom bagi
12.00 g karbon-12.

3.

Which of the following is non-electrolyte?


Yang manakah yang berikut bukan elektrolit?
A
Dilute sulphuric acid
Asid sulfurik cair
B
Silver chloride precipitate
Mendakan argentum klorida
C
Sodium chloride solution
Larutan natrium klorida
D
Copper(II) nitrate solution
Larutan kuprum(II) nitrat

Which of the following medicine is suitable for treatment of tuberculosis?


Ubat yang manakah adalah sesuai untuk merawat penyakit tibi ?

Aspirin
Aspirin

Codeine
Kodein

Barbiturate
Barbiturate

Streptomycin
Streptomisin

Which of the following particles in a solution is responsible for its acidic properties when
suphur dioxide gas dissolve in water ?
Antara zarah berikut, yang manakah dalam larutan menyebabkan sifat keasidan apabila gas
sulfur dioksida larut dalam air ?

SO32-

OH

H+

SO42-

Which of the following substance is a hydrocarbon?


Antara bahan berikut, yang manakah adalah hidrokarbon?

Pentanol
Pentanol

2-methylbutane
2-metilbutana

Methanoic acid
Asid metanoik

Ethyl ethanoate
Etil etanoat

Which of the following contains 6.02 x 1023 atoms?


Antara berikut yang manakah mengandungi 6.02 x 1023 atom?

1 mol of neon, Ne
1 mol neon, Ne

1 mol of ammonia, NH3


1 mol ammonia, NH3

1 mol of chlorine gas, Cl2


1 mol gas klorin, Cl2

1 mol of nitrogen gas, N2


1 mol gas nitrogen , N2

8.

Which of the inert gases below is used in a divers oxygen tank?


Yang manakah antara gas berikut digunakan dalam tangki oksigen penyelam?

Neon
Neon

Argon
Argon

Helium
Helium

Krypton
Kripton

Table 1 shows the electron arrangement of atoms of elements P, Q, R, S and T.


Jadual 1 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi atom-atom unsur P, Q, R, S dan T.

Element

Electron arrangement

Unsur

Susunan elektron

P
Q
R
S
T

2.8.8
2.8.3
2.8.4
2.8.7
2.8.1
Table 1
Jadual 1

Which of the pair of elements will combine to form a compound which will
conduct electricity in molten state?
Pasangan unsur yang manakah bergabung membentuk sebatian di mana boleh
mengkonduksikan elektrik dalam keadaan leburan?

S and T
S dan T

R and S
R dan S

P and R
P dan R

Q and T
Q dan T

10

Which of the following will change red litmus paper into blue?
Antara yang berikut, manakah akan menukar kertas litmus merah kepada biru?

Dry hydrogen chloride gas


Hidrogen klorida gas yang kering

Solid of sodium hydroxide


Pepejal natrium hidroksida

Sulphur dioxide dissolved in water.


Sulfur dioksida yang larut dalam air.

Ammonia gas dissolved in water.


Gas ammonia yang larut dalam air
4

11

Which of the following metals when paired with copper to build a chemical cell will
generate the highest voltage?
Antara logam berikut, yang manakah apabila dipasangkan dengan kuprum untuk membina sel
kimia akan menghasilkann voltan tertinggi?

Zinc
Zink

Lead
Plumbum

Aluminium
Aluminium

Magnesium
Magnesium

12

Which statement is correct about Argon, Ar?


Pernyataan yang manakah betul mengenai Argon, Ar?

Exist as diatomic molecules


Wujud sebagai molekul dwiatom

Do not form chemical bonds


Tidak membentuk ikatan kimia

Form ions with different valencies


Membentuk ion dengan valensi yang berbeza

Combine with transition metals to form coloured compounds


Bergabung dengan logam peralihan membentuk sebatian berwarna

13.

Table 2 shows information about two acids


Jadual 2 di bawah menunjukkan maklumat dua asid

Acid

Concentration

pH

Asid

Kepekatan

pH

Sulphuric acid
-3

0.01 mol dm

Asid sulfurik

1.1

Hydrochloric acid
-3

Asid hidroklorik

0.01 mol dm

2.0

Table 2
Jadual 2

Which of the following statement is true?


Manakah antara pernyataan berikut adalah benar?

Sulphuric acid is more concentrated than hydrochloric acid


Asid sulfurik adalah lebih pekat berbanding asid hidroklorik

Sulphuric acid is a strong acid while hydrochloric acid is a weak acid


Asid sulfurik adalah asid kuat manakala asid hidroklorik adalah asid lemah

Concentration of H ions in sulphuric acid is higher than that of hydrochloric acid


Kepekatan ion H+ dalam asid sulfuric adalah lebih tinggi berbanding asid hidroklorik

Sulphuric acid ionises completely while hydrochloric acid ionizes partially in water
Asid sulfurik mengion lengkap manakala asid hirdoklorik mengion separa dalam air

14

Which of the following is an insoluble salt?


Antara berikut, yang manakah ialah garam tak terlarutkan?

15

Ca(NO3)2

PbSO4

CuCl2

(NH4)2CO3

Which of the following homologous series are correctly matched with the functional
group?
Antara yang berikut, siri homolog manakah yang betul dipadankan dengan kumpulan
berfungsi?

Homologous series

Functional group

Siri homolog

Kumpulan berfungsi

Alkane
Alkana

OH

Alcohol
Alkohol

COOH

Ester
Ester

COO

Carboxylic acid
Asid karboksilik

16

Iron (III) ions can be reduced to iron (II) ions by substance X.


Which of the following is substance X?
Ion ferum (III) boleh diturunkan kepada ion ferum (II) oleh bahan X.
Antara berikut, yang manakah bahan X?

Zinc
Zink

Chlorine
Klorin

Acidified potassium manganate (VII) solution


Larutan kalium manganat (VII)berasid

Acidified potassium dichromate (VI) solution


Larutan kalium dikromat (VI) berasid

17

Diagram 1 shows the structure of a soap ion.


Rajah 1 menunjukkan struktur ion sabun.

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

Which of the following is true about Diagram 1 when soap is used to clean greasy stain?
Antara berikut, yang manakah benar tentang Rajah 1 apabila sabun digunakan untuk
membersihkan kotoran gris?

Hydrophobic is alkaline
Hidrofobik adalah alkali

Hydrophilic soluble in grease


Hidrofilik larut dalam gris

Hydrophobic soluble in water


Hidrofobik larut dalam air

Reduce the surface tension of water


Mengurangkan ketegangan permukaan air
8

18.

Heat of reaction is
Haba tindak balas ialah

The energy needed to start a chemical reaction


Tenaga yang diperlukan untuk memulakan tindak balas kimia

The energy released when chemical bonds are formed


Tenaga yang dilepaskan apabila ikatan kimia terbentuk

The energy change due to a change in physical state


Perubahan tenaga kerana perubahan keadaan fizikal

The energy change due to the difference in the energy contained in the reactants
and the products
Tenaga berubah kerana perbezaan tenaga yang dipunyai pada bahan tindakbalas dan
produk

19

Table 3 shows the proton numbers of element X and Y.


Jadual 3 berikut menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur X dan Y.

Element

Proton number

Unsur

Nombor proton

11

19
Table 3
Jadual 3

Which statements are true about elements X and Y?


Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar tentang unsur X dan Y?

Atoms X dan Y have one valence electron.


Atom X dan Y mempunyai satu elektron valens.

II

Elements X is more reactive than element Y.


Unsur X lebih reaktif daripada unsur Y.

III

Atom X has a bigger atomic size than atom Y.


Saiz atom X lebih besar daripada saiz atom Y.

IV

Elements X dan Y are in the same group in the Periodic Table.


Unsur X dan Y berada dalam kumpulan yang sama dalam Jadual Berkala.

I and III only


I dan III sahaja

I and IV only
I dan IV sahaja

II and III only


II dan III sahaja

II and IV only
II dan IV sahaja

20

What is the main component of ceramic?


Apakah komponen utama seramik?

Silicon
silikon

Silicate
Silikat

Boron oxide
Boron oksida

Sodium oxide
Natrium oksida

10

21

Which of the following represents the electron arrangement for the compound sodium
chloride, NaCl?
Antara yang berikut yang manakah mewakili susunan elektron bagi sebatian natrium
klorida, NaCl?
A

11

22

Metal X has the following properties.


Metal X mempunyai sifat-sifat berikut.

Does not corrode if it is in contact with Zn, Al or Mg


Tidak mengakis jika ia bersentuhan dengan Zn, Al atau Mg

Corrode rapidly if it is in contact with Sn, Pb or Cu


mengakis dengan cepat jika ia bersentuhan dengan Sn, Pb atau Cu

What is metal X?
Apakah logam X?

Silver, Ag
Argentum,Ag

Iron, Fe
Ferum, Fe

Calcium, Ca
Kalsium, Ca

Sodium, Na
Natrium, Na

12

23.

Diagram 2 shows the changes of iron (II) sulphate to iron (III) sulphate using bromine water.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan perubahan ferum (II) sulfat kepada ferum (III) sulfat menggunakan air bromin.

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

Which of the following is true regarding the reaction?


Antara berikut manakah benar tentang tindak balas tersebut?

Iron(II) ions are reduced


Ion ferum(II) diturunkan

Bromine water is oxidized


Air bromin dioksidakan

Green solution turns brown


Larutan hijau bertukar perang

Iron(II) ions gain electron


Ion ferum(II) menerima elektron

13

24

Diagram 3 shows the setup of apparatus for electrolysis of zinc chloride solution 2.0 mol
dm-3.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi elektrolisis larutan zink klorida 2.0 mol dm-3.

Diagram 3
Rajah 3

Electrode X

Electrode Y

Elektrod X

Electrode Y

Oxygen gas

Zinc

Gas oksigen

Zink

Chlorine gas

Hydrogen gas

Gas klorin

Gas Hidrogen

Oxygen gas

Hydrogen gas

Gas oksigen

Gas Hidrogen

Zinc

Chlorine gas

Zink

Gas klorin

14

25

Diagram 4 shows the energy level diagram for the following equation:
Rajah 4 menunjukkan gambar rajah aras tenaga bagi persamaan yang berikut :

Diagram 4
Rajah 4

P+Q

H = x kJ

What is the value of x?


Apakah nilai x?

+40

+ 140

140

40

15

26

Diagram 5 shows the structural formula of pent-1-ene.


Rajah 5 menunjukkan formula struktur pent-1-ene.
H H H H H
| | | | |
HC=CCCCH
| | |
H H H
Diagram 5
Rajah 5
Which of the following are structural formulae and correct names for isomers of
pent-1-ena?
Antara berikut yang manakah formula struktur dan nama yang betul bagi isomer pent-1-ene?

H H H H H
| | | | |
HCC=CCCH
|
| |
H
H H
Pent-2-ene
Pent-2-ena

II
H H CH3 H
| | | |
HC=CCCH
| |
H H
3- methylbut-1-ene
3- metilbut-1-ena

III

H H H H
| | | |
HCC=CCH
|
|
H
H
Pent-3-ene
Pent-3-ena

IV
H
H H
|
|
|
HCC=CCH
| |
|
H CH3
H

16

2 - methylbut-2-ene
2- metilbut-2-ena

I and IV
I dan IV

II and III
II dan III

I, II and IV
I, II dan IV

I, II, III and IV


I, II, III dan IV

27

Diagram 6 shows the set-up of the apparatus for an electrolytic cell.


Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi sel elektrolisis

Diagram 6
Rajah 6

Which of the following ions are attracted to anode and cathode?


Manakah antara ion berikut akan tertarik ke anod dan katod?

Anode

Cathode

Anod

Katod

SO4 2-

Cu2+

Cu2+

OH-

SO4 2- , OH-

Cu2+, H+

Cu2+, H+
SO4 2-, OH-

17

28.

Which of the following metal will produce the lowest rate of reaction with silver nitrate?
Antara logam berikut manakah akan menghasilkan kadar tindak balas yang paling rendah dengan
argentum nitrat?

A Aluminium
Aluminium

B Magnesium
Magnesium

C Lead
Plumbum

D Zinc
Zink

29

The formula of carbonate ion and nitrate ion is CO32- and NO3- respectively. If the
formula of carbonate salt is J2CO3, then what is the formula of nitrate salt of J ?
Formula bagi ion karbonat dan ion nitrat adalah CO32- dan NO3-. Jika formula bagi garan
karbonat adalah J2CO3, Apakah formula garam nitrat bagi J?

A JNO3
B J2NO3
C J(NO3)2
D J2(NO3)3

18

30

Diagram 7
Rajah 7

Which of the following is the correct arrangement of the elements in the Periodic
Table in increasing electropositivity.
Antara yang berikut merupakan susunan yang betul bagi unsur-unsur dalam Jadual Berkala
mengikut peningkatan kelektropositifan.

A S,Q,R,P
B S,R,Q,P
C P,Q,R,S
D R,P,Q,S

31

Table 4 shows the degree of dissociation of four solutions of alkali which have the
same concentration.
Jadual 4 menunjukkan darjah penceraian untuk empat larutan alkali yang mempunyai
kepekatan yang sama.

Solution

Degree of dissociation

Larutan

Darjah Penceraian

Medium
Sederhana

High
Tinggi

Very High
Sangat tinggi

Low
Rendah

Table 4
Jadual 4

19

Which solution has the lowest of pH value?


Larutan manakah mempunyai nilai pH yang paling rendah?

A W
B X
C Y
D Z

32

Diagram 8 shows the formation of a white precipitate when solution J and solution K are
mixed.
Rajah 8 menunjukkan pembentukan mendakan putih apabila larutan J dan larutan K
dicampurkan.

Diagram 8
Rajah 8

Which of the following is the most suitable to be solution J and solution K?


Antara berikut yang manakah adalah yang paling sesuai untuk menjadi larutan J dan larutan K?

Sodium nitrate and calcium chloride


Natrium nitrat dan kalsium klorida

Sodium sulphate and lead (II) nitrate


Natrium sulfat dan plumbum(II) nitrat

Sodium chloride and aluminium nitrate


Natrium klorida dan aluminium nitrat

Sodium carbonate and potassium nitrate


Natrium karbonat dan kalium nitrat

20

33.

When liquid W is refluxed with propanoic acid and a few drops of concentrated sulphuric
acid, a sweet smelling liquid is formed. Liquid W may be

Apabila cecair W direfluks dengan asid propanoik dan beberapa titis asid sulfurik pekat, cecair
berbau wangi terhasil. Cecair W mungkin

propanol
propanol

ethanoic acid
asid etanoik

hexane
heksana

ethyl propanoate
etil propanoat

34

Diagram 9 is an Energy Profile Diagram.


Rajah 9 adalah Rajah Profil Tenaga.

Energy
Tenaga

Tenaga
Reactants
Bahan

E
Products
Hasil

Diagram 9
Rajah 9

21

According to Diagram 9, it can be concluded that ...


Berdasarkan rajah 9 , boleh disimpulkan bahawa...

Heat is required to start the reaction.


Haba diperlukan untuk memulakan tindak balas.

The activation energy for the reaction is E.


Tenaga pengaktifan ialah E.

The reaction is endothermic.


Tindak balas berlaku ialah eksotermik.

The reactants are higher in concentration than the products.


Kepekatan bahan tndak balas adalah lebih tinggi daripada hasil tindak balas.

35
Element

0.1

0.08

unsur
Mass/g
Jisim/g
Table 5
Jadual 5

Table 5 above shows 0.1 g of element P combines with 0.08 g of element Q to form a
compound with empirical formula PQ.
What is the relative atomic mass of element P?
Jadual 5 di atas 0.1g unsur p bergabung dengan 0.08g unsur Q untuk membentuk sebatian
dengan formula empirik PQ.
Apakah jisim atom relative bagi unsur P

[Relative atomic mass of Q= 16,


Jisim atom relatif Q = 16]

40

27

20

19

22

36

Element X has a proton number 12. Which of the following chemical formulaes of
compounds that can be formed by the element X when react with other elements.
Unsur X mempunyai nombor proton 12. Antara berikut yang manakah formula kimia sebatian
yang boleh di dihasilkan oleh unsur X apabila bertindakbalas dengan unsur lain.

Chemical formulae
Formula kimia

XO

II

XCl

III

X(OH)2

IV

XSO4

I and IV
I dan IV

II and III
II dan III

I, III and IV
I, III dan IV

I, II, III and IV


I, II, III dan IV

37

When hydrogen gas reacts with nitrogen gas, it will produced ammonia gas.
Apabila gas hidrogen bertindak balas dengan gas nitrogen, ia akan menghasilkan gas ammonia.
The following equation represents the reaction.
Persamaan berikut mewakili tindak balas tersebut.
3H2 (g) + N2 (g) 2NH3 (g)

What is the relative molecular mass of the product?


Apakah jisim molekul relatif bagi hasil tersebut?

[ Relative atomic mass : H=1 ; N=14 ]


[Jisim atom relatif : H=1 ; N=14 ]
2
A

17

34

38

23

38.

Table 6 shows the substances used to study the rate of reaction between marble and nitric
acid.
Jadual 6 menunjukkan bahan yang digunakan untuk mengkaji kadar tindak balas antara batu
marmar dengan asid nitrik.

Experiment

Substance

Eksperimen

Bahan
3

-3

Excess marble and 50 cm of 0.2 mol dm


hydrochloric acid
3

Batu marmar berlebihan dan 50 cm asid hidroklorik 0.2


I

mol dm

-3

Excess marble and 100 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3


hydrochloric acid
3

Batu marmar berlebihan dan 100 cm asid hidroklorik 0.1

II

mol dm

-3

Table 6
Jadual 6

Which of the following statement is correct?


Antara jawapan berikut yang manakah betul?

The rate of reaction will decrease if the acid used in experiment I is 1.0 mol dm-3
sulphuric acid, 50 cm3
Kadar tindak balas akan menurun jika asid yang digunakan dalam Eksperimen I ialah 1.0
mol dm-3 asid sulfuric, 50cm3

The rate of reaction will decrease if the acid used in experiment II is 100 cm3 of
0.2 mol dm-3 sulphuric acid
Kadar tindak balas akan menurun jika asid yang digunakan dalam eksperimen II ialah
100cm3, 0.2 mol dm-3 asid sulfurik

The rate of reaction will increase if the acid in experiment II is 50cm3 of 0.2 mol
dm-3sodium chloride
Kadar tindak balas akan meningkat jika asid yang digunakan dalam eksperimen II ialah
50 cm3, 0.2 mol dm-3 natrium klorida

The rate of reaction will same if the acid is 100 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 nitric acid in
experiment I
Kadar tindak balas akan sama jika asid yang digunakan dalam eksperimen II ialah
100cm3, 0.2 mol dm-3 asid nitric

24

39

The nucleon number of X is 40 and X2+ ion has 18 electrons. What is the number of
neutrons of X2+ ion?
Nombor nukleon X ialah 40 dan ion X2+ mempunyai 18 elektron. Berapakah bilangan neutron
bagi ion X2+?

40

18

20

22

40

Table 7 shows the result of tests performed on a compound Y.


Jadual 7 menunjukkan keputusan ujian ke atas satu sebatian Y

Test

Observation

Ujian

Pemerhatian

Add dilute hydrochloric acid solution

White precipitate formed

Tambah larutan asid hidroklorik cair

Mendakan putih terbentuk

Add barium nitrate solution

White precipitate formed

Tambah larutan barium nitrat

Mendakan putih terbentuk

Table 7
Jadual 7

What is compound Y?
Apakah sebatian Y ?

Zinc sulphate
Zink sulfat

Lead (II) nitrat


Plumbum (II) nitrat

Silver sulphate
Argentum sulfat

Magnesium chloride
Magnesium klorida
25

41

A dibase acid, H2V has the concentration of 0.5 moldm-3. Letter V is not the actual
symbol of the element. What is the volume of potassium hydroxide, KOH 1.0 moldm-3
that can be neutralize 25.0 cm3 of the H2V acid solution?
Satu asid dwibes, H2V mempunyai kepekatan 0.5 moldm-3. Huruf V bukan simbol sebenar unsur
itu. Berapakah isi padu kalium hidroksida , KOH, 1.0 moldm-3 yang dapat meneutralkan 25.0 cm3
larutan asid H2V itu?

42

6.25 cm3

12.50 cm3

25.00 cm3

50.00 cm3

Ali and his friends conducted experiments in the school laboratory about the potential
difference between two pairs of metal. Data were recorded in the chemistry book as
below
Ali dan rakan-rakannya menjalankan eksperimen di makmal sekolah mengenai beza
keupayaan antara dua pasang logam. Data telah direkodkan dalam buku kimia seperti di
bawah.

Pair of metals

Potential difference (V)

Negative terminal

Pasangan logam

Beza keupayaan

Terminal negatif

R and copper

0.44

1.70

0.53

Cu

R dan kuprum

S and copper
S dan kuprum

T and copper
T dan kuprum

What is the potential difference for the pair of metal S and T?


Apakah beza keupayaan untuk pasangan logam S dan T?

0.97 V

2.14 V

2.23 V

2.67 V

26

43.

Diagram 10 shows a structural formula of a chemical Z


Rajah 10 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi bahan kimia Z

H O

H H

H C C O

H H

Diagram 10
Rajah 10

What are the structural formula of chemical A and chemical B used to prepare the
chemical Z?
Apakah formula struktur bahan kimia A dan bahan kimia B yang digunakan untuk
menyediakan bahan kimia Z?

Chemical A

Chemical B

Name of chemical Z

Bahan Kimia A

Bahan Kimia B

Nama bahan kimia Z

CH3CH2OH

CH3COOH

Ethyl ethanoate
Etil etanoat

CH3CH2CH2OH

Proyl ethanoate

CH3COOH

Propil etanoat

CH3CH2 CH2OH

CH3CH2COOH

Propyl propanoate
Propil etanoat

Ethyl propanoate
CH3CH2 OH

CH3CH2COOH

27

Etil propanoat

44

1.0 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution reacts completely with hydrochloric
acid to produce 1.17 g of salt. What is the volume of alkali needed?
[Relative atomic mass : Na = 23, Cl = 35.5, H = 1, O = 16]
Larutan natrium hidroksida 1.0 mol dm-3 bertindak balas lengkap dengan asid hidroklorik
untuk menghasilkan garam 1.17 g . Berapakah isi padu alkali yang diperlukan?
[Jisim atom relatif : Na = 23, Cl = 35.5, H = 1, O = 16]

45

0.004 cm3

0.02 cm3

4.00 cm3

20.00 cm3

Which of the following acids will produce a highest initial rate of reaction when 1.0 g of
calcium carbonate is added to it?
Antara yang berikut, manakah asid yang akan menghasilkan kadar tindak balas awal yang paling
tinggi apabila 1.0g kalsium karbonat ditambah kepada asid tersebut?

50.0 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 nitric acid


50.0 cm3 asid nitrik 1.0 mol dm-3

50.0 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 sulphuric acid


50.0 cm3 asid sulfurik 1.0 mol dm-3

50.0 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 ethanoic acid


50.0 cm3 asid ethanoik 1.0 mol dm-3

100 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid


50.0 cm3 asid hydrochlorik 1.0 mol dm-3

28

46

The following information shows the results of an experiment to determine the heat
change for the combustion of ethanol, C2H5OH.
Maklumat berikut menunjukkan keputusan satu eksperimen untuk menentukan perubahan haba
bagi pembakaran etanol, C2H5OH.

Volume of water heated in the container = 250 cm3


lsi padu air yang dipanaskan di dalam bekas = 250 cm3

Initial temperature of water = 28.5C


Suhu awal air = 28.5C

Highest temperature of water = 66.5C


Suhu tertinggi air = 66.5C

How much heat is released by the combustion of ethanol?


[Specific heat capacity of solution = 4.2 Jg-1 C-1, Density of water = 1.0 gcm-3]
Berapakah haba yang dibebaskan oleh pembakaran etanol?
-3

[Muatan haba tentu lanutan = 4.2 J g-1C-1; Ketumpatan air = 1.0 g cm ]

29.9 kJ

39.9 kJ

49.9 kJ

69.8 kJ

29

47

Diagram 11 shows an energy level diagram for neutralisation process.


Rajah 11 menunjukkan gambar rajah aras tenaga bagi proses peneutralan.

Diagram 11
Rajah 11

Based on Diagram 11, it can be concluded that


Berdasarkan Rajah 11, dapat disimpulkan bahawa

57 kJ of energy is needed for the reaction


57 kJ tenaga diperlukan untuk tindak balas

II

the heat of neutralization is - 57 kJ mol-1


haba peneutralan adalah - 57 kJ mol-1

III

temperature drops when reaction takes place.


suhu jatuh semasa tindak balas berlaku.

IV

the products of reaction contain less energy than the reactants


hasil tindak balas mengandungi tenaga kurang daripada bahan tindak balas

I and III only


I dan III sahaja

II and III only


II dan III sahaja

I and IV only
I dan IV sahaja

II and IV only
II dan IV sahaja

30

48

The diagram 12 shows the apparatus set-up of an experiment to study redox reaction. After
30 minutes, the colourless solution around electrode X and Y change in colour.

Rajah 12 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji tindakbalas redoks. Selepas 30 minit,
larutan di sekitar elektrod X berubah warna begitu juga dengan larutan di sekitar elektrod Y.

Diagram 12
Rajah 12
Which of the following combination explains the observation and changes happened around
electrode X and Y of the experiment?
Yang manakah antara kombinasi berikut menerangkan pemerhatian dan perubahan yang
berlaku di sekitar elektrod X dan Y eksperimen ini?

31

Explanation

Colour change around

Colour change around electrode Y

Keterangan

electrode X

Perubahan warna di sekitar elektod Y

Perubahan warna di
sekitar elektod X

Iodide

ions

are Colourless to brown

oxidized to iodine Tidak berwarna kepada

Orange to green
Jingga kepada hijau

perang

molecules.
ion iodida teroksida
kepada

iodin

molekul.

Oxidation number Orange to green

Colourless to brown

of iodine increases Jingga kepada hijau

Tidak berwarna kepada perang

from 0 to +1.
Nombor
pengoksidaan iodin
meningkat dari 0 ke
+1.

Electron

flows Orange to green

from electrode Y Jingga kepada hijau


to

electrode

through

Colourless to brown
Tidak berwarna kepada perang

X
the

external circuit
Elektron

mengalir

dari elektrod Y ke
elektrod X melalui
litar terluar

Oxidation number Colourless to brown


of
chromium
Tidak berwarna kepada
decreases from +6
perang
to +2
Nombor
pengoksidaan
kromium menurun
+6 ke +2

32

Orange to green
Jingga kepada hijau

49

The equation below shows the heat of reaction between zinc and copper(II) sulphate
solution.
Persamaan di bawah menunjukkan haba tindak balas antara zink dengan larutan kuprum(II)
sulfat.

Zn(s) + CuSO4(aq)

ZnSO4(aq) + Cu(s)

H= -210 kJ mol-1

The initial temperature of the copper(II) sulphate solution is 30.0 o C, what is the final
temperature of the solution if excess powdered zinc is added into 50.0cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3
copper(II) sulphate solution?
[ specific heat capacity of solution = 4.2 Jg-1 oC-1]
Suhu awal larutan kuprum(II) sulfat ialah 30.0oC, berapakah suhu akhir larutan jika serbuk zink
berlebihan ditambahkan kepada 50.0cm3 larutan kuprum(II) sulfat 0.5 mol dm-3?
[haba muatan larutan =4.2 Jg-1 oC-1]

50

12.5 0 C

25.0 0 C

55.0 0 C

80.0 0 C

Which of the following is true about the soap and the detergent?
Antara yang berikut, manakah benar tentang sabun dan detergen?

A
B
C
D

Soap

Detergent

Sabun

Detergen

Do not form scum with Mg2+ ion.

Form scum with Mg2+ ion.

Tidak membentuk kekat dengan ion Mg2+.

Membentuk kekat dengan ion Mg2+.

Cause pollution.

Do not cause pollution.

Menyebabkan pencemaran

Tidak menyebabkan pencemaran.

Effective in hard water.

Effective in soft water.

Berkesan dalam air liat.

Berkesan dalam air lembut

Not effective in acidic water.

Effective in hard water.

Berkesan dalam air berasid

Berkesan dalam air liat

END OF QUESTIONS PAPER


KERTAS SOAAN TAMAT
33