762 views

Uploaded by Goheim

4 ESO Academics - UNIT 04 - EQUATIONS AND INEQUATIONS

- 1 ESO - Unit 06 - Exercises 1.6.3 - Volume, Capacity and Mass.
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 04 - Exercises 4.4.3 - Inequations
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 05 - Exercises 4.5.2 - Other Types of Systems of Equations.
- 1 ESO - Unit 06 - Exercises 1.6.4 - Area.
- 1 ESO - Unit 06 - Exercises 1.6.5 - Imperial Units.
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 06 - Exercises 4.6.1 - Areas and Volumes.
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 05 - Exercises 4.5.1 - Systems of Linear Equations.
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 07 - Exercises 4.7.2 -Trigonometric Ratios.
- 1 ESO - Unit 05 - Exercises 1.5.4 - Square Roots and Decimal Numbers Problems
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 04 - Exercises 4.4.4 - Problems
- 4 ESO Academics - UNIT 05 - SYSTEMS OF EQUATIONS AND INEQUATIONS.
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 07 - Exercises 4.7.1 - Angles and Trigonometric Ratios
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 04 - Exercises 4.4.2 - Other Types of Equations.
- 1 ESO - Unit 06 - Exercises 1.6.2 - Length Measurement.
- 4 ESO Academics - UNIT 06 - AREAS AND VOLUMES. SIMILARITY.
- 1 ESO - Unit 05 - Exercises 1.5.3 - Dividing Decimal Numbers
- 1 ESO - UNIT 10 - LINES AND ANGLES. GEOMETRIC FIGURES.
- 4 ESO Academics - UNIT 08 - VECTORS AND LINES.
- 1 ESO - Unit 07 - Exercises 1.7.3 - Comparing Fractions.
- 1 ESO - Unit 05 - Exercises 1.5.2 - Adding, Subtracting and Multiplying Decimal Numbers.

You are on page 1of 15

1.

December

EQUATIONS.

An Equation is a statement using algebra that contains an unknown quantity

and an equals sign. The Solution of an equation is the set of values which, when

substituted for unknowns, make the equation a true statement. An Equation has

different Elements:

Degree: For a term with one variable, the degree is the variable's exponent. With

more than one variable, the degree is the sum of the exponents of the variables.

Constant, Solution.

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.1

Unit 04

December

2.

2.1.

FIRST-DEGREE EQUATIONS.

A First-Degree Equation is called a Linear Equation. The highest exponent of a

, ,

3 + 2 = 10.

2.2.

SECOND-DEGREE EQUATIONS.

A Second-Degree Equation is called a Quadratic Equation. The highest

exponent of a quadratic equation is 2. The standard form for a quadratic equation is:

, ,

5 2 + 5 2 = 0

Quadratic equations can be solved using a special formula called the Quadratic

Formula:

The solutions to the quadratic equation are often called Roots, or sometimes

Zeroes.

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.2

Unit 04

December

Case 1:

2 6 + 5 = 0 = 1; = 6 = 5

2 4 (6) (6)2 (4 1 5)

=

=

2

21

6 36 20 6 16 6 4 3 2

3+2=5

=

=

=

=32=

32=1

2

2

2

1

This equation has two different solutions: 1 = 5 2 = 1

Case 2:

4 2 + 4 + 1 = 0 = 4; = 4 = 1

2 4 (+4) (+4)2 (4 4 1)

=

=

2

24

1

4

=

4 16 16 4 0 4 0

2

=

=

=

= 8

4

1

8

8

8

=

8

2

Both solutions are equal. We say that this equation has a double solution or double

root.

Case 3:

2 2 + 5 = 0 = 1; = 2 = 5

=

2 4 (2) (2)2 (4 1 5)

=

=

2

21

2 + 16

=

2 4 20 2 16

2

=

=

=

2

2

2 16

=

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.3

Unit 04

December

The previous examples show that the different types of solutions of the seconddegree equations depend on the value of = . This number is called the

Discriminant.

; = = . You can solve these equations in an easy way, without using the

quadratic formula.

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.4

Unit 04

December

Quadratic Equation, Quadratic Formula, Root, Zero, Double Root, Discriminant,

Incomplete Quadratic Equation.

3.

3.1.

BIQUADRATIC EQUATIONS.

Biquadratic Equations are quartic equations with no odd-degree terms. The

appropriate substitution called Change of variable:

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.5

Unit 04

December

Solve: 4 3 2 4 = 0

2 =

2 3 4 = 0

We apply quadratic formula:

21

3 25

= 4

= 1

2 = 1

2

1 = +4 = 2

2 = 4 = 2

3 = +1 =

4 = 1 =

3.2.

We can solve an algebraic expression by factorizing if we can write it as the

product of factors.

Axel Cotn Gutirrez

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.6

Unit 04

December

() () () =

We can do it extracting factors or with Ruffinis rule as the unit 3.

Solve 4 5 2 = 3 2 4x

Firstly we relocate the equation:

4 3 4 2 + 4x = 0

We extract x as a common factor:

( 3 2 4 + 4) = 0

Now we use Ruffinis rule:

1

1

1 4

+1

0

+4

4

0

( 3 2 4 + 4) = ( 1)( 2 4)

By using polynomial identities:

4 5 2 = 3 2 4x = ( 1)( + 2)( 2)

The solutions are:

1 = 0

= 1

2

3 = 2

4 = 2

Axel Cotn Gutirrez

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.7

Unit 04

3.3.

December

RATIONAL EQUATIONS.

Equations that contain rational expressions are called Rational Equations. We

two methods:

We can rewrite the equation so that all terms have the common denominator and

we can solve for the variable with just the numerators.

that all terms become polynomials instead of rational expressions.

An important step in solving rational equations is to reject any Extraneous

Solutions from the final answer. Extraneous solutions are solutions that dont satisfy

the original form of the equation because they produce untrue statements or are

excluded values that make a denominator equal to 0. Therefore, we should always

check solutions in the original equation.

Solve:

3

+

= 1

3 + 1

( 3, + 1) = ( 3)( + 1)

3( 3)

1( 3)( + 1)

( + 1)

+

=

( 3)( + 1) ( 3)( + 1)

( 3)( + 1)

( + 1) + 3( 3) = 1( 3)( + 1)

2 + + 3 9 = 2 + 3 + 3

2 2 + 2 12 = 2 + 6 = 0

Axel Cotn Gutirrez

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.8

Unit 04

December

1 1 + 24

= 2

= 1

2

2 = 3

=2

3

2

3

2

3

+

= 1

+

=

+ = 1

2 3 2 + 1 1 3

3 + 1

=3

3

3

3

3

3

+

= 1

+

=

+

= 1

3 + 1

3 3 3 + 1 6 2

3.4.

RADICAL EQUATIONS.

A Radical Equation is an equation in which the variable is contained inside a

If the radical is a square root, square each side of the equation. (If the radical is

not a square root, raise each side to a power equal to the index of the root).

Substitute answers back into the original equation to make sure that your

solutions are valid (there could be some extraneous roots that do not satisfy the

original equation and that you must throw out).

Solve: + 5 8 = 1

+ 5 = 1 + 8

Squaring both members:

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.9

Unit 04

December

2

+ 5 = 1 + 8

+ 5 = 1 28 + 8

2 4 = 28

2 = 8

2 = 8

Squaring again:

(2 )2 = 8

4 4 + 2 = 8

2 3 4 = 0

=

3 9 + 16

= 4

= 1

2 = 1

2

=4

+ 5 8 = 1 4 + 5 8 4 = 3 2 = 1 1

=1

+ 5 8 = 1 1 + 5 8 (1) = 2 3 = 1

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.10

Unit 04

4.

December

INEQUATIONS.

An Inequation, also known as an Inequality, is an algebraic expression

2 4 > 2;

2 + 5 0

The solution to an inequation is the set of values that make true the inequality.

We will see two methods for solving inequations: graphical method and algebraic

method.

4.1.

GRAPHICAL METHOD.

We have to draw the graph of the inequation as if they were equations and

Case 1:

2x + 4 > 0

It you draw the graph of the line = 2 + 4, the solution to the inequation will be the

set of values of such that > 0

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.11

Unit 04

December

Looking at the graph, you can see that when > 2, then > 0.

That is, the solution to the inequation 2x + 4 > 0 is the interval (2, ).

Case 2:

2x + 7 >

3

2

The ordinate of the line = 2x + 7 is greater than or equal to the ordinate of the

2

Case 3:

2 + 4 > 2 3

The ordinate of the parabola = 2 + 4 is greater than or equal to the ordinate of

the line = 2 3 for the values of between 1 and 3.

The solution to the inequation is the interval (3,4)

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.12

Unit 04

December

() () :

Represent the graphs of the functions = () and = () , and get the points

where they intersect.

4.2.

ALGEBRAIC METHOD.

Solving inequations is similar to solving equations. We add, subtract, multiply or

divide both sides until we get the variable by itself. There is one important difference

though. With inequations we can add or subtract the same thing to both sides and the

inequality stays the same. We can multiply or divide both sides by a positive number

and the inequality stays the same. But if we multiply by a negative number, then the

sign of the inequality Reverses.

Solve:

Axel Cotn Gutirrez

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.13

Unit 04

December

2x 7 <

+3

2

4 14 < + 6

4 < 6 + 14

5 < 20 >

20

= 4

5

Solve:

2 5 6 1

2 4 5 0

We find the roots of the polynomial 2 4 5

1 = 1 2 = 5

We plot these roots on the number line and find what is the sign of the number value

of the polynomial 2 4 5 in each of the intervals in which this line has been split.

If = 2 (2)2 4(2) 5 = 7 > 0

Axel Cotn Gutirrez

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.14

Unit 04

December

If = 6 (6)2 4(6) 5 = 7 > 0

Mathematics 4 ESO

4.4.15

- 1 ESO - Unit 06 - Exercises 1.6.3 - Volume, Capacity and Mass.Uploaded byGoheim
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 04 - Exercises 4.4.3 - InequationsUploaded byGoheim
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 05 - Exercises 4.5.2 - Other Types of Systems of Equations.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - Unit 06 - Exercises 1.6.4 - Area.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - Unit 06 - Exercises 1.6.5 - Imperial Units.Uploaded byGoheim
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 06 - Exercises 4.6.1 - Areas and Volumes.Uploaded byGoheim
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 05 - Exercises 4.5.1 - Systems of Linear Equations.Uploaded byGoheim
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 07 - Exercises 4.7.2 -Trigonometric Ratios.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - Unit 05 - Exercises 1.5.4 - Square Roots and Decimal Numbers ProblemsUploaded byGoheim
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 04 - Exercises 4.4.4 - ProblemsUploaded byGoheim
- 4 ESO Academics - UNIT 05 - SYSTEMS OF EQUATIONS AND INEQUATIONS.Uploaded byGoheim
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 07 - Exercises 4.7.1 - Angles and Trigonometric RatiosUploaded byGoheim
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 04 - Exercises 4.4.2 - Other Types of Equations.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - Unit 06 - Exercises 1.6.2 - Length Measurement.Uploaded byGoheim
- 4 ESO Academics - UNIT 06 - AREAS AND VOLUMES. SIMILARITY.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - Unit 05 - Exercises 1.5.3 - Dividing Decimal NumbersUploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - UNIT 10 - LINES AND ANGLES. GEOMETRIC FIGURES.Uploaded byGoheim
- 4 ESO Academics - UNIT 08 - VECTORS AND LINES.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - Unit 07 - Exercises 1.7.3 - Comparing Fractions.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - Unit 05 - Exercises 1.5.2 - Adding, Subtracting and Multiplying Decimal Numbers.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - UNIT 06 - THE METRIC SYSTEM AND THE IMPERIAL UNITSUploaded byGoheim
- 4 ESO Academics - UNIT 09 - FUNCTIONS.Uploaded byGoheim
- 4 ESO Academics - Unit 07 - Exercises 4.7.3 - Solving Triangles.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - UNIT 09 - ALGEBRA.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - Unit 07 - Exercises 1.7.5 - Multiplying and Dividing Fractions.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - Unit 09 - Exercises 1.9.1 - Algebraic Expressions. Monomials.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - Unit 06 - Exercises 1.6.1 - Measurements and the Metric SystemUploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - Unit 07 - Exercises 1.7.4 - Adding and Subtracting Fractions.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - Unit 09 - Exercises 1.9.2 - Equations.Uploaded byGoheim
- 1 ESO - Unit 08 - Exercises 1.8.1 - Percentages.Uploaded byGoheim

- Tyfocor L tablasUploaded byGoheim
- Montaje depósitos TTKUploaded byGoheim
- Montaje Termosifón Ts 300Uploaded byGoheim
- Certificado AS CPCUploaded byGoheim
- Tyfocor LS Hoja de SeguridadUploaded byGoheim
- Tyfocor L Hoja de SeguridadUploaded byGoheim
- Manual de uso y Montaje de los depósitos de inercia P 1000 SWTUploaded byGoheim
- Centralita Paw friwaUploaded byGoheim
- Montaje Termosifón Ts 150Uploaded byGoheim
- Vasos de Expansión Zilmet solarplusUploaded byGoheim
- Tyfocor LS tablasUploaded byGoheim
- Catálogo AS Solar IbéricaUploaded byGoheim
- Regulación DELTASOLUploaded byGoheim
- Centralita Paw SolexUploaded byGoheim
- Hoja de datos SOLARUploaded byGoheim
- Centralita Resol Deltasol EUploaded byGoheim
- Acumuladores AS Solar IbéricaUploaded byGoheim
- Certificado AS Solar ISFH ColectoresUploaded byGoheim
- Montaje y uso del Depósito DUOPLUSUploaded byGoheim
- Centralita Paw friwaUploaded byGoheim
- Colector Plano AS-EFK 2.2. Montaje sobre tejado inclinado.Uploaded byGoheim
- Estación Solar AS Solar IbéricaUploaded byGoheim
- Colector Plano AS-EFK 2.2. Montaje sobre tejado plano.Uploaded byGoheim
- Manual de Montaje y uso Depósito FSKUploaded byGoheim
- Certificado del AS SolarUploaded byGoheim
- Colector Plano AS-EFK 2.2Uploaded byGoheim
- Hoja de datos SOLARUploaded byGoheim
- Esbe Vta323 HojaUploaded byGoheim
- Centralita Resol Deltasol BSUploaded byGoheim
- Instrucciones de Montaje para el Colector CPCUploaded byGoheim

- Bouyer 926 WTC2013 TurinUploaded byMuhammadAbdulRasool
- 2015 CESA Subject GuideUploaded byKirk Reynoldson
- Manual PrepASH-129 HandbookUploaded byPrima
- 53 DIRECT TORQUE CONTROL OF INDUCTION MOTOR WITH FUZZY MINIMIZATION TORQUE RIPPLEUploaded byapi-19508046
- Conventional JacketsUploaded byTerence Tan
- 1Czochralski.docxUploaded byfdcarazo
- CHAPTER 3 Phase Diagram TTT HT_1stUploaded byMonch D. Arief
- konosUploaded byDavid Leo Ojed
- Senior Engineer QualificationUploaded bypatrickandreas77
- epoxyJME1 (1).docUploaded bySonia Coelho
- Elastic Stability Analysis of Euler Columns For varying cross sectionUploaded byAnkesh Ghoghari
- Geotech Questions Before Approving DesignUploaded byPENYU_1855
- civil engineering Thesis of m techUploaded byShashank Tiwari
- 07 - Helicopter Transmission SystemsUploaded byNedu Japsi
- Fracturing Design 1Uploaded bygandhihetami
- October_2010.pdfUploaded byrubina.sk
- CADsoft Consulting Course Outline - AutoCAD 2012 3D Drawing & ModelingUploaded byCADsoft Consulting
- Ateneo Innovation Class Ce195.2 : Patent AssignmentUploaded byMatthew Cua
- Kjeldahl.pdfUploaded byPaola B Hdz
- Phase MeasurementUploaded byuak107080
- 20jan15raymondflood FourierUploaded byseehari
- NCERT Physics Class XII Solution of Chapter 5 - Magnetism and MatterUploaded byRamnaresh Sharma
- Sextant Users GuideV6Uploaded bynoizikus
- TEM Lecture 1Uploaded byMuhammad Ali
- Witricity - Wireless Electricity - Wireless Energy Transfer - Seminar ReportUploaded bySamarth J Parikh
- 2015 Certification Handbook - Final - Rev 5 2015-1-13Uploaded byaabejaro
- Automatic Control ValvesUploaded byaidil
- Finite Element Static,Dynamic and Stability Analyses of Arbitary Stiffened Plates - jan BarikUploaded by201087
- Bentley Sacs BrochureUploaded bysinu21
- ELC Flyer Usa Letter Conductive GreaseUploaded byvimbo