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BREAK-IN!

Peace Researcher looks at the bungled break-in of a


Christchurch activist's house and reviews the history of the
Security Intelligence Service.

THE 6CSB UNCOVERED!


For ten years ABC has condemned the operations of the
1
Gove rnment Communications Security Bureau and worked to
expose them. Now Nicky Hager's new book "Secret Power"
explains exactly why. Peace Researcher reviews a book that will
shake the international spy network to its roots.

In this Issue:
Page

•• Secret Power P2
•• SIS Break-in PS
•• SIS Background PS
•• Verdict on Peace Women Pll
•• Australia-US Alliance Pll
•• Military Hi-Tech P12
•• Security in C ybers pace P13
•• Crack and the CIA P14
•• Spooky Bits P16
New Zealand's Role in the
International Spy Network
A new book by Nicky Hager.
The Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB) is the most secret organisation in New Zealand.
It is also by far the country's largest and most significant intelligence organisation, yet not one in 1 00 New
Zealanders would even know its name. This book, which focuses on the GCSB but covers other NZ agencies
involved in intelligence work, aims to change that.

"Virtually everything - the equipment, manuals, ways of operating, jargon, codes, and so on - has been
imported in entirety from the overseas alli':s to be used in New Zealand as part of the internati:mai
system. Although superficially the intelligence alliance provides New Zealand with a great deal of
informatbn, it appears that very little of it. is important. The publicly claimed benefits of intelligence
cooperatbn, such as that New Zealand receives vital economic intelligence and informaton on terrorism,
do not stand up to examination.

I have found no significant evidence of the intelligence alliance defending New Zealanders or of the
intelligence it produces having an important influence on policy decisons. But there is ample evidence
that the intelligence alliance has contributed to the destructbn rained upon innocent people in wars
since 1945, and that most often it has been assisting powerful interests at the expense of the vulnerable.
Numerous examples are given of officials withholding informatbn from governments and the public - and
at times, actively deceiving them."

[From the introduction to Secret Power]

"In recent years some of the UKUSA governments have been somewhat more forthcoming about signals
inteiligence, sometimes with regard to historical events, sometimes with respect to organisatbnal
structure, and sometimes about some aspects of current operatbns. But secrecy is still intense.

Nicky Hager... has produced the most detailed and up-to-date account in existence of the work of any
signals intelligence agency. His expose of the organisaton and operatbns of New Zealand's GCSB is a
masterpbce of investigative reporting and provides a wealth of informaton.

The reader of Mr Hager's book will learn about not just New Zealand's signals intelligence activiti':s, but
those of its partners. Specifically the reader will learn about the origins, the evolutbn, and internal
structure of the GCSB; the Tangimoana and Waihopai ground statons and their operatons; New Zealand's
role in the UKUSA all",nce, and some of the signals intelligence 0peratbns of other UKUSA countrbs.
Secret Power also serves as a fascinating case study of the role of a junbr partner in an intelligence
alliance."

[Jeffrey Richeison, an authority on US intelligence, in the foreword to Secret Power]

Page 2 Peace Researcher


"In the m" - 1980s, we bucked the system, We may have been ahead of our
time on matters nuclear, but we were out of step with what was called the
"Western Alliance", It took a break with the United States and Britain tc
make the people of New Zealand aware that we were part of an internatonal
intelligence organisaton which had its roots in a different world order which
couid command compliance from us while withholding from us the benefits of
others' intelligence,

Life at the time was full of unpleasant surprises, State-sponsored terrorism


was a crime against humanity as long as it wasn't being practised by the
allies, when it was studiously ignored, In the natonal interest it became
necessary to say 'ouch' and frown and bear certain reprisals of our intelligence
partners, We even went to the length of building a satellite staton at Waihopal
But it was not until I read this book that I had any k:lea that we had been
committed too an internatbnal integrated electronic network,

It was with some apprehension that I learned that Nicky Hager was researching
the activity of our intelligence community, He has long been a pain in the
establishment's neck, Unfortunately for the establishment, he is engaging,
thorough, unthreatening, with a dangerously ingenuous appearance, and an
astonishing number of people have told him things that I, as Prime Minister
in charge of the intelligence services, was never told,

T here are also many things with which I am familiar, I couldn't tell him which
was which, Nor can I tell you, But it is an outrage that I and other ministers
were told so little, and this raises the queston of to whom those concerned
saw themselves as ultimately answerable,"

[David Lange, in the Foreword 10 Secr"t Power.)


[NB: in the excerpts above, the emphasis has been added by PR's editor)

Buy this book!


REAd THis book!
Tell others about it!
Nicky's research confirms
everything that ABC has been
saying, and active on, for ten years.
Now is the time to put these
issues on the public agenda.

Secret Power
is available through ABC, or from
Craig Potion Publishing, Box 555, Nelson.

Peace Researcher Page 3


SECRET POWER
NEW ZEALAND'S ROLE IN THE INTERNATIONAL SPY NETWORK
N icky H ager. Craig PoHon Publishing. 299 pages. I llustrated. $34.95.
Reviewed by Murray Horton

The July 1996 bungled break in at the Christchurch between the US, UK, Canada, Australia and NZ) it is
home ofGATT Watchdog activist Aziz Choudry, and very much a junior subcontractor, collecting electronic
the series of well publicised events stemming from that, and signals intelligence for its Big Brothers. The
has again tOcused attention on the Security Intelligence Americans' obsession with all things Russian means
Service. The SIS is doubtless the best known, not to that the Kiwi spooks painstakingly intercept all
mention the clumsiest, New Zearand intelligence messages to and from Russian fishing boats and
agency. Antarctic research stations. British interests mean that
Argentinian Navy messages are intercepted from here,
But the biggest agency, the Government to monitor any repeat of the 1982 Falklands War. The
Communicatio n s Security Bureau (GCSB), has GCSB's two spybases, at Tangimoana and Waihopai,
remained veiled in secrecy. Until now, that is. "Secret serve as New Zealand listening posts for our former
Power", by veteran Wellington peace activist and and our current colonial masters, all paid for by the
researcher, Nicky Hager, is a tour de force. The level New Zealand taxpayer. The culture of'obsessive secrecy
of detail presented about this most secret of intelligence means that only a handful of New Zealanders are
agencies is simply incredihle (right down to floor plans "indoctrinated" ie have any idea what goes on. The
and staff lists. I learned that the hrother of a friend is a GCSB sees its loyalty as being firmly towards other
very high rankingGCSB official). I have been involved members of the international intelligence alliance, not
in campaigns on all things to do with intelligence for its own country, government or people.
decades, and s pecifically on the GCSB's Waibopai
satellite interception spybase for ten years, but I still Hager's conclusion is:
learned an enormous amount from this book. For lay
readers, the impact will be nothing short of revelatory. "The partly foolish, partly irrelevant but also, often,
It should be compulsory reading for all MPs, as the highly sinister intelligence activities documented
foreword by David Lange, former PM, makes clear that in this book could not have continued had they not
he learned more about the GCSB from this book than been so secret. The bureaucrats judged, accurately,
he ever did when he was nominally in charge of it. that the intelligence organisations needed to be
protected from the public and Parliament. That is
The details are fascinating - the fact that the intelligence what a GCSB officer was talking about when he
relationship continued unahatea despite the US saying said, during our first interview, 'The secrecy is not
it was cutting NZ off during the ANZUS Row; the role for the Russians, it is for the general pUblic. If they
of New Zealand intelligence in spying, for Australia, knew what the bureau does, it would not be allowed
on the Bougainville peace talks whilst theGovernment to continue'. The purpose of this book has been to
was officially providing a neutral venue (a frigate); the lift the secrecy which has protected these
amount of spying on Japanese targets; the complete organisations from change. Fifty years after the
uselessness of the GCSB during the 1987 Fiji coups; signature of a British officer took New Zealand into
and, much more seriously, the abject failure of New UKUSA, it is time to leave an outmoded and
Zealand or "Allied" intelligence to provide anything unnecessary alliance. What is needed now is a
on the covert French operation here which bombed the government with the courage to take that step".
Rainbow Warrior. It is not all serious - the only time
David Lange's "secure" phone rang, it was a wrong New Zealanders, including former Prime Ministers,
number for a drycleaner's. Checking revealed that it owe Nicky Hager a heartfelt vote of thanks for telling
had been mistakenly fitted with a tollbar! us what is done in our name, with our money, but very
definitely not in our interests. This book is a powerful
So what does the GCSB do? Very little, for New weapon in the campaign to pull the plug on our colonial
Zealand. Governed by the super secret UKUSA dependence on the last vestiges of the Cold War. Memo
intelligence agreement (signed in the late 1940s, to GCSB: The war is over, get a life.

Murray Hor/on lives in Christchurch and worksfor the Anli Bases Campaif!,11.

Page4 Peace Researcher


"BOMBS"; SIS BREAK IN; POLICE RAIDS
A Sinister Sequence of Events In Christchufch
Murray Horton
In Julv 1996 the Government hosted the Annual Meeting of the APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation)
Trade Ministers, in Christchurch. In response, the Christchurch-based group GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs
and Trade) Watchdog organised the Trading With Our Lives: The Human Cost Cost of Free Trade Alternative
Forum. It featured several international speakers, active participation by several hundred people, and a lively and
colourful protest at the Christchurch City Council's civic reception for the Ministers and entourages. All in all it
was an extremely successful venture.

But a quite different story was taking place behind the scenes, one with extremely disturbing implications. It
didn't come to light until the whole thing was over. GATT Watchdog issued the following statement:

OUTRAGE AT POLICE RAiDS ON OF ANTI-APEC CONFERENCE ORGANISERS


"8()MB�JlAKING EQUIPMENT"
SUSPiCIOUS BREAK IN AT CONFERENCE ORGANISER
POLITICAL ATTEMPT TO SMEAR OPPONENTS OF FREE TRADE AS TERRORISTS

"On the night of Thursday July 18th, eight police searched the Christchurch home of Aziz Choudry, an
organiser of, and spokesperson for, the Trading With Our Lives: The Human Cost of Free Trade Alternative
Forum held at the same time as the APEC Trade Ministers Conference. The police had a search warrant
specifYing that they were looking for equipment used in the making of bombs or devices intended to look
like bombs. The "justification" for this was that such a device, bearing an anti-APEC slogan, had been
found outside the Christchurch City Council offices in the early hours of Thnrsday moming. At the time
of the police raid, Aziz Choudry was in Auckland, on a national speaking tour with Dr Alejandro Villamar
of Mexico_ one of the international speakers at the Forum. On the morning of Sunday July 21st. three
police with an identical warrant searched the Christchurch home of Dr David SmalL In neither case did
the police find anything to justify their searches

"This was not the only intimidatory incident directed at the Alternative Forum organisers. On the night of
Saturday July 13th, while Aziz Choudry was at the Forum, two men were disturbed on his property. They
escaped and were driven away without being apprehended or identified. The house had heen entered, and
whilst nothing was staler, things had obviously been inspected. Mr Choudry was at the time accomodating
several Forum participants. We strongly suspect these intruders of being agents of the NZ Security
Intelligence Service. Dr Small, a speaker at the Altemative Forum and a lecturer at the University or
Canterbury, was the person who inadvertently discovered the two men on Mr Choudry's property. It was
he who pursued the matter with the police.

"Obviously GAn- Watchdog disowns what happened al the City Council offices. Such actions are stupid.
We express the greatest outrage that the police and their political masters could think that this had anything
to do with GATT Watchdog. We organised completely public activities. One has to wonder al the
intelligence of our intelligence agencies. We believe there is a sinister motive to smear opponents of free
t.rade and rule by transnational corporations as "terrorists"

"We demand an inquiry into these incidents and apologies from the Minl.ster of Police and Minister in
Charge of the Security Intelligence Service",
L- _____________ ______

Front Company For SIS days oflhe break in, the number plate had been handed
This story developed a life of its own and ran as a major in, in Wellington, and thus the vehicle was off the
media event for weeks afterwards. As David Small had national regjstration records. The vehicle vanished
got the regist.ration number of the getaway vehicle, the the same day as the "bomb" at the City CounciL It
media were able to f()lIow it up. They f(lUnd that within had been registered in the name of a very nebulous

Peace Researc()er Page 5


Wellington company called Amalgamated Office Police File
Services. There were no records of this being a bona But in other respects the police were cooperative. They
fide company and phone calls were not answered. The happily met with Aziz and David, assured them that
media tracked its office to a Wellington address, where police weren't involved in the break in (confirming
there was no sign of habitation, apart from the phone anecdotal evidence that there is no love lost between
(and that was soon disconnected). The building's owner the cops and the spooks, rather like the inter-service
confirmed that the office was rented to a government rivalry between the US Navy and Air Force at
department, but refused to identify it. Harewood). Most interestingly, to prove they had
nothing to hide, they gave them a copy of their file on
To cap it all off the police dropped their inquiry into the "bomb". Getting a look at a police file is a rarity
the break in and refused to say why. They offered lame and there is some fascinating material in it. There are
explanations, such as "no crime has been committed" some real howlers there - Aziz' absence was attributed
(quite right, because the SIS is exempt from laws to his being at an SPCA conference' Plus some
covering breaking and entering) and also decided to intriguing insights into the way the cops work - "Mr
withhold information on the break in complaint, under Choudry is known to the Police and has been involved
a section of the Official Information Act that neither in numerous protest actions relating to a variety of
confirms nor denies the existence of the information Issues" A job sheet filed by Detective A.R. Lester
in question. stated:

There are any number of fascinating details to this story. "Call at Choudry' s address to execute the Warrant.
Why should a hoax bomb outside the Christchurch City There was no one home and no means of entering
Council's Civic Offices provide justification for police the premises without force. In light of my having
raids? (The actual offence cited was one of causing been advised by Inspector M. O'Neill that Choudry
wasteful deployment of police resources). According habitually complains to the Police Complaints
to police reasoning, because the Council had ordered Authority about all Police matters involving
removed a GATT Watchdog window display in that himself, Detective Sergeant Scott instructed that
building. The display was timed to coincide with the the Warrant not be executed in the absence of
APEC Ministers Meeting; the Council decided it anyone at the address".
wanted to welcome APEC and all it stands for and
didn't want an anti-Apec message in its own window. And, it's worth noting, the cops were very careful not
The police application for a search warrant describes to damage anything or, in any way, misbehave whilst
Aziz Choudry as "upset" at this Council decision. Plus searching the two houses.
the Council hosted the civic reception.
Possibly the most fascinating thing in the file was the
OK, so there is a certain logic in the cops searching naming ora third person as a suspect. We'd never heard
Aziz' house. But what about David Small? His only of this guy and he had never had any connection with
connection to the Alternative Forum was as a speaker; GATT Watchdog nor the Alternative Forum. Extremely
he is not a member of GATT Watchdog, let alone a curious but quite in l i n e with the rest of the
spokesperson. None of the other GATT Watchdog "intelligence" in the file.
committee members, including myself, were ever
approached by the police. He simply happened to be
the person who stumbled across the SIS bunglers, Antl-tertodst squad
caught them, and complained to the police. He was almost t�ed away
wearing his Forum name tag, and was addressed as Dressed. in :I!JJt�,a,g'�OdY
"Dave" by the agent he caught. Police documents list armour and c�ng submachinegurtS,
the Police Special Tactics Group had
him as Aziz' flatmate - he is not, and never has been.
just finished an anti-terrorist exercise
The only reason he was at Aziz' house that fateful night in the old Savoy theatre building in
was to pick up a TV and VCR for use at the Forum. Cathedral Square last night.
Coming out they found a tow truck
The cop heading the raiding party greeted David with
hooking up their assault trucks. No-one
the words "You're the head of GATT, aren't you?" had told thr""ecurity guard at "The.
Not only is this inoffensive academic a suspected Press" wbo had called the tow-truck to
remove the offending vehicles from
bombmaker, now he's done the Geneva-based Press Lane.
Secretary General out of a job, according to the
Christchurch police. Cops also caught playin/f silly buggers
during APEC Trade Ministers Meeting.
Press 17/7196

Page 6 Peace Researcher


Who �I'lanted The "Bomb' '? Was The Break In To from the police or the SI S. Jim the Prime
Plant �F:vid"",,:""? Minister and Minister in of the EllS, said they
Needless to say, . re was ever heard of any never comment on matters of an operational nature.
b mnbs real ,or hoax. But
, c is a very! sin i ster side to Coming so soon af t er the passage of t he new
this whole b" busi,\-"s GATT W at ch do g and Secur ity and B olg er s
'

obviously carry om $:', ch a coul1ter-pro,iu(;ti've promise that the SIS would never be used a g ain st
act� nor do we \vho And we've made some domestic pOlitical this thwarted operati on
senous This was U'J crude de\ilce (des pite is a reminder to all!'JZ itical activists and our
having the cacroouish touch ()f "APEC bomb" international Big SISter is us!
helpfully on it. the perpetrators
have a cuphoard full aud nee d to differentiate And there will be more of this. The new Act expands
them� /lBC will be interested to see if"Waihopai bomb" the scope of SIS to include those alleg edly
or ';'Hare-wood b(Hnb"" turn up in future). HandwTiuen threaten "New Zealand's economic and/or
police noles say: person who did the job international we!ib'eirlg"� This was the clause most hotly
knew what he vvas correct dummy device. opposed submissions agai nst the BilL
Timer, circuit board, substance like powergel". P""""U by Parliament Auck land academ ie
Trevor McQuoid, the D epartment of Labour's Senior said: "When I raised the
Inspector of Explosives, it as "a sophisticated possibility that the dej'ini,tin,n could be used to monitor
hoax device'" At the scene" he deerned it genu ine and Of1latli"'ti{)!ls vHtS4�;"U 111 ieoilirnmte crm,mlc ! was told
ordered it detonated. af1.er that was it rk;covered ! was naive and 24/8/96) Brian
to be a hoax. Turner, the rnanager of 'f'rade Aid, said the break in
was an example of the SIS targeting ind ivid uals as
So who bUll! it and P'"J!l";U it" Nobody knows (or is "subversive," (ChristchurchSrar, 7/8/96). Both Kel,c,
saying). But P,"O"U') ;he SIS men caug ht at Aziz' house and T urne r warned of decreased official tolerance
the were not just th ere to be towards on!)"""!l! of sacred cows such as free trade,
were there to "'bombmaklng
to a court that you didn't The Flgihtb;adi
were in your house, when they > ve But people haven't taken tiES dOW[L On August
alier a "bomb" 9, a group of around 20 representatives of various
incident and ';'terrorists", Chrisicnurch groups called at the unmarked omen of
part.icu!adv ones with Islamic nam es like Aziz the SIS (4th 70 Gloucester Street), accompanied
Cbourlry, would (0 discredit those who by a bevy and TV cameras. F un nily enough,
oppose the Gove rnment 5 ' We on ly have to the door was firnl1y locked in their faces, bnt they hand
think back 1.0 1978 10 the bomb planted outside the delivered ( under the door) individual requests for their
Syrjney l1i lloo, which killed several in noce nt people, srs files. The Director of the SIS, D on J\1c!vor, has
durin g the Commonwealth He ad s of Government si nce refused. We al so leH a not i c e on th e door
Meeting, to see a very close to home illustration ofthe proclaiming: 'Tbe Security Intelligence Service lives
hysteria and that such incidents here� Y ou r bungling, anti-democratic,
provoke. lnno{�ent men, pol1tJ cai activists, spent years unaccountable n e ighbourho od s pies <,-
In pri son because of that very incident, with
the at agencies. And, on a attended by nearly
200 people c all ed for an inquiry into the SIS and
ABC (or more condemned both it and the Government for the break
Demilitarisation Hare\N'}ex:! I has fifstband expe rience in and rciatcd evel11s. included /lziz Choudry
or thi s sort of In,rid'i2nt ocr 1984 Harewood and David J ane . best sell ing writer and
protest camp at the ANZUS air forces wa rg a me Journalist la11 Wishar! Paradise Conspiracy");
exerciseo persons unknown torched the Spitfire and the ABe's Warren ThomsOlL Much fascinatin g
mounted {be Brevet Club, was the intl)rntati(iL1 at the meeting, and the
result and our artBntions "Vv'!;,;re diverted int.o audience rnad.t lIS flwn contrihutions. For example ,

the aceusi':i.tiun that \\'e had done it. weHknoVi!1 activi�:t Ken Martin told how he
Nobody was ever for that ei1 'her. had been an SIS m the 1960s, until he Joined the
"opposition ""
SIS Used "1;'(U"" ,!,sm,\""", t,i1-rt of��Sub'Vcrslves"
It is no into the houses of This hole can be seen as hut only because
political a.c1ivisls. Blit it !s vcr} rare to catch these they were oul, atld nni'oriv was too badly harmed
spooks in the a.ct. no, there never vvas any apology by It (re il'a!Hed un a relating to bombs or

Peace f{l;?$Borcher Page?


whatever). It follows in a
long line of S[S stupidity
(at least they didn't leave
behind any briefcases, ID
cards� pies or Penthouses
this time). B u t there's
••
nothing funny about an
unaccount a b l e State
agency b r e a k ing into
people's homes, with a
very wide definition of
what constitutes political
dissent. p a r t i c u l ar l y
coupled with police raids
on those same people who
became cOll\ic nien1
suspects after a very
SUSpiClOUS "bomb"
incident. To a l l t h o s e
reading this: if you're
involved, even if only by
The Christchurch SlS of/ice is ill the 4th slorey ofthis
collecting a TV and video,
Gloucester S't huilding. The curtains aYe a/lVGys drcnt'11
with activist groups, this
could happen to you. You could be the next in the tramc the broader question of the covert world of intell igeuce
That's why we all need to work together, both on and security agencies. It has everything to do vvith all
following up this pHliicular sequence of' eVl'nts. and on or liS,

THE SECURITY INTELLIGENCE


SERVICE aB THE BACKGROUND
!"Based on the speech given hy Warren Tholllson to a Christchurch meeting, August 23.
that looked at the SIS and the break· in of a house belonging to a Christehurch activist I

To make sure everyone is clear about our NZ :->ponk:--. landing of Nazi agents near New Plymouth. Folkes
it should be pointed out we have 1\1.,'0 spy agencies. brought in thc army and police \\ho illstantly identificd
The GCSB interccpts electronic signals, particular!) Ross as the (Oilman he was, and Folkcs and his
international communications. Nicky Hager's recently ()rganisation \vere disbanded.
published hook brilliantly details its operatic)!1\. I Sce
related items this issue J But the focus here is the rhe security service role \Vas then given 10 police
Security Intelligence Service. which is a dOlllestie Special Branch. During the /951 Water/iont Lockout
surveillance and count.er-intelligence organisation. Special Branch proved particularly hcavy. Onc cxample
\\as reported earlier this year on National Radio.Two
The predeeesser to the current SI S was set up in 19·11. activists were sacked from theirjobs because OfCO\Trt
headed by an English majur called Folkt�S pressure on employers when all they did vvas recycle
lJnj(lrtunately for Folkes. he'd only been operating a reports from mainstream f JS ne\\ spapers. Thl� grubb)
few months \vhcn one Sydney Ross. CUilman, \\US part played by the President ofthc Fecieratinll ofl ..abour
released from �.iaikcria prison and came to tell Folkcs Fintan Patrick Walsh (and later Tom Skinner) in
that he kne\\' of a ring of Nazi agents operating ill the supplying information to the spooks ahout their 0\\ tl
North Island and he was willing to watch them ()n behalf trade union mcmbers, still needs to he researched.
of the Security Intelligence Bureau. So fe)!"" .1 1Il0ll1iJs
Ross travelled around with an expense accoullt, staying The current Security Intelligence Service was
in the best hotels, and making up rcports to keep ['olkes established in 1956 under pressure from our overseas
happy. In the end hc went too far when hc predicted a allies, and its organisation strongly influenced by MI5.

Page 8 Peace Researcher


In its days Maor; anrf Labour MPs were under At public hearings tor the recent Intelligence Agencies
surveillance (for example, Erurua Tirakatene and Bill we were assured by Jim Bolg er and Helen Clark
Waller Nilsh's Jixmer office) and the Communist that the S[S is now much more professional and we
was heavily infiltrated, As OIlC of the time, George don 'I need to worry about the abuses and incompetence
Fraser most of the information collected wa.s of the past. Officials also say that there are many
garbage, successes which they are nol able to reveaL Evidence
suggests that while this might be so there will also be
Undercover offlcers were femnd oper2itnc,g at Auckland plent) of other cock-ups which are aiso unrevealed,
and Victoria U n iversities in the 1960s and 70s. David Recent incidents which have become public do not in
Godfrey, the r31 lTlusquerading all' way support claims that things have got betteL
as a studenl at Auckland caused considerable uproar .

Other targets were NZ Students Association, 1n 1994 a former officer named Jillian Williams went
Native Forest Ac1.ion CounciL the Latin American public over claims of sexual harrassment She and her
Committee and various anti Vietnam War partner, who had also been an SIS officer, told the media
organisations. At this the SIS was vetting, or that the level of behaviour amongst our covert spooks
listmg, about 18,000 people every year. One of their was about the level of three year olds, She also said
most infamous moments was the persecution of that in the late eighties early nineties when she worked
William Sutch, a former head of the Trade and there the SIS continued to report on trade union officials
Industries Depanmell\., The amlir was riddled with and university lecturers as well as diploJllats, Instead
incompetence, not least in the handling of the incident of an investigation of \Ill illiams!s comments the
in Te Arc Val where Smell was alleged to have Government moved rapidly to prevent the media from
passed over a parcel t.o a person from the Soviet reporting the story, All that appeared was a repon in
Embassy, Sutch was arrested and put on triaL He was an early edition orthe Dominion The allegations could
acquitted. never be seen as a threat to national security, but our
media made only feeble attempts 10 look at the issue
Another operallon of inlerest to Clwh people was the and the slory vanished,
scltmg up in 1973 o f a telephone interception unit in
Rugby SI to listen in on Trevor Richards and the then Also in 1994 Anthony Lealand, who arranges flreworks
headquarters of HART', Halt All Racist Tours - the displays was part ofa group organising an international
,

group which led opposition to rugb: links with South conierence on pyrotechnics, SOJlle military people were
AtrierL involved, The SIS came banging at Mr Lealand's door
wanting to him to report on Russians taking part in the
One of the stunning aspects of thcse and later operation s cOllference, and talking of how important it is to "draw
is the SI S c o nception of what were regarded as a ring around NZ ini()rmation" to prevent it getting in
"subversives", Many of the groups reported on were the wrong hands, It was obvious the spooks had no
legitimate pressure groups who had no intention of knowledge whatsoever about the subjecL Moreover,
pursuing the violent overthrow of the government The the Russian scientist they wanted infomlation on was
rnost outstanding co ckups (that we know about) employed by CanterburY I fniversil},
involving identification of""terroris1s" occurred in the
eighties Don Carson, who was an anti�Springbok Tour
, Finally, the break-in at Aziz Choudry's suggests wry
leade r. v,.--as reported to be preparing to use chemical strongly that the SIS, or similar covert operatives, are
warfare, He had actually been purchasing neutralising still hlundering about. among NZ activists looking for
liquid for his father-in-Iaw's greenhouse, Tom Poata terrorists and subversives, Nearly 100 submissions were
was accused of bei ng a potential explosives user. made to the Select Committee on the Intelligence
Unusually he won a eourt battle and had the SIS produce /I.gencies RilL Virtuallv al i expressed fears about the
his file which lamed out to be ful.l of errors and mistaken inadequacy of the legislation. This latest Christehurch
conciusil)J'lS. episode will do nothing 10 a llay these fear s .

These cases were only exposed because Muldoon tried Nothing seems to have changed, It's time to close down
to use SIS material about these mat1 ers in Parliament the SIS and transfer what security operations arc
ill[ his own po.lirieal purposes, Muldoon also produced necessary to other grou ps At the very least our spooks
.

an error-ridden list of alleged Socialist Unity Party need to be brought under proper control and not left to
members based on SIS inl,xmatiorLllre abjeclI'ailure ope rate under the nc\\' legislation that does not achieve
ortbe SiS to protect Oreenpeace hom Fre nch terrorism accountability or e nsure that improper or. incompetent
needs no fUl1her comment. acti\:ities do not take place

---------------- ---

Peace r;:esearcller Poge9


- ,

PrOleSI1991

In 1997 it will be ten years since the satellite spy base at Waihopai near
Slenheim was announced. This top-secret base is run by the cess and
works closely with overseas intelligence agencies on operations
concealed from our MP's.

( )n January 17-19, 1997 thl' Anti HdtWI> ( dmpdlgn will 111' t d n ht a t m g th..
dnnudl prulest dl Wdlh()Pdl W,' strongly .. n,llurdg" mlt'rl'sleJ p eopll'.
groups, & orgdlllsdtlonl"> h l l llllW dlong h l lIw protest weekenJ dnd show
Opposition to the spybdst' An mdh dtlOIl 01 dttt'nddnn' would bp Iwlplul

YOU wIlII1l�(>d to be db IIlJep,>ndent db pOSSible (I\' brmg own t dmpmg ppar)


Haslt tl)od IS provldpd AH< will dsk $10-'b20 P P to Iwlp cover pxpenses

Comact: ABC. PO Box 2258. Christchurch. Phone: lO3) 331-3465


E-mail: warren@chch.planet.co.nl

"age I[ Peace Researcher


SURPRISE VERDICT CLEARS PEACE WOMEN
Four women peace campaigners left Liverpool Crown The court's decision was greeted with passionate
Court in triumph in August this year after ajury cleared approval by civil rights and church groups as a rare
them of charges related to $3,5 million worth of damage example of the "'higher cause outweighing the ordinary
0'

to a military jet which tlley attacked with hammers. considerations of criminal law. British Aerospace
The women had freely admitted the attack on the Howl admitted surprise at the verdict and immediately issued
fighter at British Aerospace' s plant near Preston, where the women with civil injunctions. The women promptly
it was one of 24 similar aircraft due for export to the tore them up. The initial verdlct must be a worry to the
military government in Indonesia, military and intelligence authorities in Britain. They
have previously found it ditlicult to prosecute and
The majority verdict largely vindicated the protestors' convict the Menwith Hill women le)f their repeated
defence which said that the jet's export would have assaults on the base. The latest development is unlikely
flouted repeated United Nation condemnations of to be allowed to develop as a tlnn precedent
Indonesian repression of the population of East Timor.
The women argued that they "had lawfill excuse to Unfortunately, such a precedent also seems only a

disarm Hawk ZH955 because they were using distant possibility in this country. The courts here have
reasonable force to prevent a crime". They cited consistently refused to accept "higher causes" a:-, �!

international and British legislation against genocide. reason for acquittal Last June three ABC members
charged for trespass at Waihopai were convicted after
The court. heard how the women cut through a perimeter they were not pennitted to question the operations of
fence. entered a secure hangar and damaged the jet in the base in their defence In 1994 Moana Cole and
25 places, including its weapons systems. They also Ciamn O'Reilly were convicted for protesting at
left a 15 minute video in the cockpit. which was shown HarewoocL Their plea of action w prevent crimes
to the jury. explaining their motives, and they had rung against humanity \vas dismissed
a news agency immediately afterwards to say what they
had done. Expert witnesses included John Pilger and [This article is based on one appearing in lhe CJ-uardian
Paul Rogers. professor of Peace Studies at Bradt(lrd Weekly, 11 Angust 1996 J
University.

AUSTRALIA'S ILITARY
ALLIANCE WITH THE US
In the wake of the International Court decision to implications for the Anti-Bases Campaign - both in
declare nuclear weapons illegal. the Australian Anti­ Australia and here in New Zealand.
Bases Campaign Coalition is calling for Canberra to
"rethink the relationships with the US, rethink the 30 The intention of the Whitlam Government to raise
US military bases which are aggressive and establish questions ahout US operations at Pine Gap was a major
the targets for nuclear warfare that are on our soil." contributing factor to the dismissal of the Australian
But in recent months Howard and his Australian Labor Government in 1975, As Pine Gap continues to
government have been ominously increasing militar) grow in importance Washington has more reason to do
tics with Washington. The administration in Canberra all in its power to ensure the administration in Canberra
is one of a tiny number of governments that cheered will support these activities in Alice Springs and
the latest United States strikes on Iraq. (So did New elsewhere. For New Zealanders, the revelations in
Zealand. but less enthusiastically.) Nicky Hager', book prompt acute concerns about the
extent of this country's entanglement in the UKUSi\
In July a Joint Security Declaration was signed which intelligence web, a n d further developments of
updates the old ANZUS agreement (sans Ncw American covert influence in this part "f tbe world arc
Zealand). Part oflhe agreement involves upgrading of not welcome. The loss of UKUSA signals intelligence
Pine (iap, or more accurately" further upgrading of facilities in Hong Kong furt.her emphasises the
Pine Gap. and the lease on the base has been extended importance of such facilities in Australasia.
for another ten years. These moves have severe

Peace Researcher Page 11


According to many analysts, the build-up of U S Increasing resistance to the presence of American forces
facilities and personnel in Australia i s aimed at China. in Asia, and Washington' s concern about Beijing, has
Minor incidents between the two countries, especially meant that the Howard Government's rush to embrace
recent events where Beijing set up a confrontation with the Pentagon has been a welcome relief for U S strategic
Taiwan, have persuaded the Pentagon that a clash planners who now have new options for operating in
between them is possible. Washington no longer has Asia. Looking back now raises real questions about
certain access to major bases in the Philippines, there whether there might have been covert US support for
is fierce resistance to the presence of its forces in Howard in the last election. New Australian defence
Okinawa. the Korean presence often gets negative and intelligence policies certainly are a huge assistance
media coverage, and Japan has always been sensitive to Washington. In contrast they present an enonnous
to any troop deployments through its territories. huge problem i(lr any anti-base campaign. American
Thai land. Indonesia and Malaysia have refused to allow intelligence and milital) forces will be more heavily
basing of US forces or the forward positioning of dug in than ever before.
supplies to facilitate rapid response.
Footnote:
In contrast, the latest Australia-United States agreement
has a new U S Marine base being build outside Darwin A San Diego woman has been found infected with a
to cater for regular exercises. Operation Tandem Thrust new strain of AIDS acquired by her husband from a
will take place in Northern Australia in 1 997 with 5,000 Thai prostitute while he was serving overseas. The
Australian troops and more than 1 7,000 US personnel. subtype E virus is one of a new strain which has AIDS
Joint manOeuvres will take place up to three times a researchers worried because of its rapid spread amongst
year. Canberra is also considering a request from the heterosexuals. The story again should bring to attention
Pentagon to pre-position military equipment on its soil. some ofthe hidden costs of foreign military bases and
The plan is for these materials to support US action in to the victims in the Asian populations accommodating
the event of military action in Asia. U S personnel.

MILITARY HI-TECH
The advent of a new millenium and the need to inspire probably the appeal to technophiliacs who ignore the
congressional budget allocaters has meant the Pentagon lessons of the past.
is driving to develop ever more sophisticated weapons
systems, in spite of considerable difficulties in The anny is well on the way to developing its version
justifying the weapons developments of the recent past. of digitaiised warfare and has begun to fit tanks and
Smart weapons accounted for 8% of the bomb tonnage other vehicles with new systems featuring computers,
dropped on Iraq in the Gulf War, but represented 84% special communications equipment to integrate
of the bomb costs. According to Congress's General operations. and Global Positioning System receivers.
Accounting Office, less than 40% of the Stealth The arm y ' s first test of digitised units was not
Bom bers' loads dropped on target. "The Pentagon particularly successful and it was "defeated" by the
heavily overstated the military effectiveness of its so­ regularly equipped opposition force. The Pentagon,
called 'smart weapons' in the Gulf War .. " [Sydney
. however, believes that further development will prove
Morning Herald. 1 1 July 1 996] the concept and intends to ful l y digitise five divisions
by 2002, at an estimated cost of $3 billion.
Now the Pentagon aims to develop an "unsinkable"
Navy ship which will be packed with hundreds of The U S military already relies heavily on satellite and
m is s i l e lau n c h e r s , use t he m o s t up to date A WAC surveillance and communications. It has a fleet
communications and control systems, and require a very of Apache helicopters that can track more than 200
small crew, or even no crew at all. The Navy plans to moving targets and electronically exchange infonnation
build up to six ships and some proponents claim they with each other. (lfthey can figure out a way for allies
could be ready for testing soon after the turn of the not to shoot down each other's helicopters these could
century. The ships may be multi-hulled and capable of work well over a battlefield.)
approaching close to shore to support land forces. One
ofthe appealing features for the military is the reduction The General Accounting Office is not so convinced
in costs that can b e achieved by relying on automation that t h e c l a i m s of t h e m il itary and the arms
rather than h u m an personnel. Another feature is manufacturers for their weapons systems should be

Pagel2 Peace Researcher


uncritically accepted. In a recent report the
GAO said the such claims were "overstated,
m i sleading, i n c o n s istent with the best
available data, or unveriviable". [Sydney
Morning Herald, 1 1 July 1 996] The GAO also
raised questions about the cost of weapons.
Cruise missiles now being used over Iraq cost
about $ 1 million each.

The military are touting one of their latest


weapons, named " S h ortstop" as a fine
example of the promises of cheap well­
designed electronic equipment. One weapon
recently deployed in Bosnia to protect troops
from artillery and mortar fire has proved very
cheap and s u c c e ssful according to its
manufacturers. Shortstop fools artillery shells
into blowing themselves up prematurely by
altering the electronic signals that trigger the 'He's trying to get the computer to malfunction,
shells' fuses. It remains to be seen whether so we can start the war'
the system w i l l prove its worth or be just
another example of new-tech weapons that
promise much and produce little - except Compiled by Warren Thomson. See also Bulletin of
profits for the arms sellers. the Atomic Scientists, JulylAugust 1 996.

SE U RITY I N CYBE RSP C E


The U S National Academy of Sciences says that the gained access to the U S Department of Justice' s Web
US Government should be encouraging the use of page and replaced it with computer graffitti which
electronic data encryption rather than trying to restrict included a swastika and picture of Adolf Hitler. The
the practice. The current Washington administration department said the site was not connected to any
and its immediate predecessor have opposed the spread computers containing sensitive material but U S
of powerful encryption technology, arguing that its Government departments are deeply concerned ·
widespread use would compromise national security especially fhe m ilitary. Thousands of attempts - some
and hamper police work. rhe scientists' criticism i s successful - have been made to penetrate the Pentagon's
based o n fhe conclusions o f an NAS committee which computers. [See Peace Researcher, June 1 996] At the
had access to classified information from intelligence end of 1 995 an eighteen year old music student from
and law enforcement agencies and believes the benefits north London was charged with unlawfully gaining
of electronic encryption far out weigh the drawbacks. access to computers of the United States Air Force,
[New Scientist, 6 June 1 996] and those of Lockheed Martin, at least 69 times.

Concerns over computer security continue to grow. Very efTective encryption, or electronic coding, is now
Specialists testifying before Congressional hearings available to keep data and voice communications secret.
have suggested fha! corporations world-wide, especially In the past this used to be restricted to governments,
banks and hospitals, may have lost more than $800 especially military and intelligence operations. But now
million in 1 995 because of so-called "data-diddling" cheap and efficient devices are increasingly being used
perpetrated by latter-day p irates on the Internet. by businesses and private citizens. Banks now routinely
[Independenl, reprinted in the Christchurch Press, 1 9 protect information with electronic codes. However,
June 1 996] Gangs have apparently held City of London some low-cost and e ffective systems have been
business houses to ransom by threatening to destroy prevented from going on the market by the US and
their computer systems, and one victim paid up $30 British Govemments.
million to rid itself of a "software bomb".
The main opposition in the U nited States to encryption
Recently it was reported that unidentified hackers had systems (apart from their own) comes from the Federal

Peace Researcher Page 73


Bureau of Investigation and the National Security a communications system developed in Christchurch
Agency. The FBI warns that criminals could use such in 1 992. There has been little sign since then that
systems to hide i l legal or fraudulent transactions. The countries under the UKUSA umbrella (or at least their
intelligence agencies are concerned it will be harder to spooks) have given up on their determination to ensure
monitor other governments. but more particularly, access to all communications.
'''subversive'' groups or private citizens.
The Pentagon's concerns are less with accessing other
The New Scientist reports Kenneth Dam, chairperson organisations files and more with protecting its own.
of the NAS Committee, as saying widespread use of As m i l itary forces become more dependent on
cryptography is inevitable. Dam says while some of electronic equipment and communications it becomes
the opposition to it is valid. it could have huge benefits more vital that potential enemies do not have the ability
in protecting financial and telecommunications systems to penetrate or disrupt these systems. As the U S Army
from criminals and hostile foreign governments. The moves further towards digitalised warfare [see previous
NAS committee also wants the US Government to article] the matter becomes more vital. Current cruise
loosen export controls which prevent companies selling missile attacks on Iraq require almost hour by hour
powerful encryption devices abroad, and drop the FB! assessment of targets - possible only through a
proposal to make sure it can gain access to all encrypted sophisticated system of satellites and communications,
files by holding a key to the codes. and computer analysis. The fear of military planners is
that an enemy could penetrate their networks and
The c o m m i tt ee may be overly optim istic. I t subvert the system. Computer warfare now ranks above
underestimates the vast quantity o fsignals intelligence conventional warfare as the Pentago n ' s biggest
agencies' interception of communications. and the bogeyman.
determination of those agencies to maintain their
capability to eavesdrop on all forms of public and The battle for cyberspace between hackers, authorised
private communications. European governments forced and unauthorised . and those try i n g to defend
the manufacturers of a new mobile phone system to government and private systems from the hackers. is
downgrade their technology in 1 993. New Zealand's getting hotter. At halftime the final result is very
Government Communications Security Bureau vetted difficult to predict.

C RACK AN D TH E CIA:
AM E R I CA'S SECRET WAR
Peter Montague
The twin centres of the crack cocaine industry in the neighborhoods during 1 983- 1 9867
USA are Los Angeles and Miami. The first time the
Miami Herald ever mentioned crack cocaine was April The story begins in N icaragua. In 1 979, the Sandinistas
20, 1 986. The first time the Los Angeles Times ever - a left-wing revolutionary army - defeated the U.S.
mentioned crack cocaine was two months later on June trained army of dictator Anastas i o S o m oza i n
30. 1 986. That story said crack had been around for N icaragua. Less than two years later, according to the
"as long as 3 years, but its use was said to have exploded Washington Post (March 1 0 , 1 982), on November 1 6 ,
in the last months of 1 98 5 and the first half of 1 986." 1 98 1 , C I A [Central Intelligence Agency] D irector
Why. by mid- 1 986, was it a nationwide problem? William Casey proposed to President Reagan that he
approve $ 1 9 mi llion for the CIA to organize a counter­
Cocaine in the mid-1 970s. cost $200 a gram. providing revolutionary force to overthrow the leftist Sandinista
recreation for the rich, not for working people. But by government. The Post reported that President Reagan
1 986 that had changed. The Miami Herald wrote April accepted Casey' s proposal and authorized the CIA to
20, 1 986: "Described until recently as a rich man's drng, finance and train a parami litary commando force to
cocaine has filtered down to blue-collar households and provoke a counter-revolution in Nicaragua. According
is finding an eager market among high school students to Time Magazine. throughout 1 982 the CIA rallied
who can ante up $ 1 0 or so to buy some crack,' cocaine anti-S andinista m i l itary forces. creating bases of
in a highly purified form suitable for free-basing operation in Honduras, on Nicaragua' s border.[April
[smoking]". How did crack spread throughout urban 4, 1 983]

Page 14 Peace Researcher


This became known as Ronald Reagan's "secret war," Managua in 1 99 1 ." (The Contra-Sandinista war ended
but it wasn't much of a secret. I n fact, it was so public in 1 988.) After meeting with the CIA's Bermudez,
that on D e c e m be r 8 , 1 9 8 2 , the U . S . House of Blandon testified in court, he and Meneses started
Representatives unanimously p1!ssed the "Boland raising money for the COlltra revolution by selling drugs
Amendment" to the 1 983 m i l itary appropriations b i l l in LA
stating that n o n e o f the appropriated defence fund s
could be used t o "train. arm, o r SlIpport persons not Blandon's partner, Norwin Meneses, was known in
members of the regular army for the purpose o f N icaragua as "Rey de la Droga" (King of Drugs). In
overthrowi n g t h e government o f Nicaragua". This 1 979, Meneses was under active investigation by the
amendment made i t illegal for the CIA to continue DEA and by the F B I for selling drugs in the U S .
funding its anti-Sandinista army. which by then was According to the Mercury News, "despite a stack of
calling itselfthe FDN (Nicaraguan Democratic Forces), law enforcement reports describing him as a major drug
but was better known as the Contras. trafficker, Norwin Meneses was welcomed into the
U.S. in July 1 979 as a political refugee and given a
After passage of the Boland amendment, the Contras visa and a work permi!. He settled in the Bay Area and
desperately needed a new source of funds. (This was for the next six years supervised the importation of
several years before Oliver North set up h i s I ran thousands of kilos ofcocainc into Caliiorni,," " Meneses
connection to d ivert money from anns sales to the supplied Blandon with Ions of cocaine and with assault
Contras.) According to a year-long investigation by the weapons, which B landon sold to young blacks in L A
San Jose (California) Mercury News based on court B landon ' s profits wenl back t o H o n d uras and
records, recently declassified documents, undercover N icaragua" to support the C I A · s Contra army-
audio tapes, and files retrieved via the Freedom of
I nformation Act, the FDN solved its problem by There seems l ittle doubt that the CIA cooperated III
opening the first pipeline from the Colombian cocaine Blandon"s operation. Indeed, Vewsweek magazine on
cartels to black gangs - the Crips and the Bloods - on two occasions printed interviews and other evidence
the streets of Los Angeles" indicating that the CIA and the DEA both cooperated
in the Contra,' gUlls-und··drugs pipeline. [26 January
The Mercury News investigation highlights three 1 987, and 23 May 1 98 8 ; also Washington Post 20
individuals i n particular: Danilo Blandon, Norwin January 1 987] The Mercury News has now provided
Meneses, and Ricky Ross. At Ricky Ross's drug trial additional confirming evidence"
i n San D i e g o i n March, 1 99 6 , t h e U . S . Drug
Enforcement Administration ' s (DEA) star witness was B1andon didn't really know what he was doing until he
Danilo Blandon, telling h i s story for the first time. met Ricky Rogs, a small-time African-American drug
Blandon was the son of a wealthy N icaraguan family dealer. Because Blandon could supply l i m itless
who fled from Nicaragua to Los Angeles on June 1 9, amounts of cocaine at rock-bottom prices, Ross began
1 979, at age 2 9 , just as the Somoza d i ctatorship to build an enomlOUS drug empire" When methods for
COllapsed" His family's ranches and real estate holdings turning cocaine into crack became known in 1 983, Ross
in Managua, and his wife's substantial wealth, were already had a drug-dealing network in place. Norwin
con fiscated by the Sand i n i sta government. The Meneses routinely shipped 200-to-400-kilo quantities
Blandons worked in Los Angeles to build an anli­ of cocaine from M iami to B landon on the west coast,
Sandinista movement, holding rallies and cockta i l who sold them to R()ss� Ross had 5 "cook houses"
parties, but B l andoo testified that their efforts raised turning cocaine into crack. A former crack dealer
l ittle money. described for the Mercwy Ne ws one of Ross · s cook
houses where huge steel vats of cocaine were being
The trial record shows that, in 1 9 8 1 , B1andon was stirred with canoe paddles atop restaurant-sized gas
introduced to Norwin Meneses, another N icaraguan ranges" At his recent drug trial, Ross testified that it
living in California. With Meneses, B1andon flew to was not unusual to take ill between $2 and $3 million a
Honduras where they were introduced to the military day. "Our biggest problem had got to be counting the
chief of the C IA"s Contra army. EnriqucBermudez. money," Ross testified.
According to the Mercury News, "Bermudez was hired
by the Central I ntelligence Agency in mid-1 980" to Blandon told the DEA last year that during 1 983 and
create the FDK The Mercury News says, '·Bermudez 1 984 he supplied Ross with 1 00 kilos a week. As this
was the F DN ' s m i litary chief and. accord ing to crack t100ded into the streets ofL.A., the gangs, chiefly
congressional records and newspaper reports. received the Crips and the Bloods, set up a national distribution
regular CIA paychecks fClr a decade. payments that network, and crack cascaded across the country into
stopped shortly before h i s still-unsolved slaying in b lack neighbourhoods evelywhere, offering a cheap

Peace Researcher Page /5


vacation from the m i series of ghetto life. For $20, on communities across America. Between 1 980 and
anyone could get wasted. The gangs themselves were 1 993, the U .S . prison population tripled (from 329,82 1
immensely strengthened by the money, guns, and to 1 ,053,738). But not just anyone went to jaiL Crack
connections that the crack business brought them. And i s a poor person ' s drug; powder cocaine remains a
of course the C I A ' s army got the m i l l ions it needed to recreation of the rich. Congress and 1 4 states passed
keep alive Ronald Reagan's secret war. laws making penalties for crack up to 1 00 times as great
as penalties for powder cocaine. As a result, blacks
Today Ricky Ross i s facing life in federal prison were much more likely to go to jail, and for longer
without the possibility of parole. Danilo Blandon is periods, than whites. In 1 993 blacks were seven times
free, working as an informant for the DEA. Norwin more likely to be incarcerated than whites. Almost three
Meneses has never spent a day in a U . S . prison. quarters of new admissions to prisons are now African­
A lthough he figured in 4 5 separate fe deral American or Hispanic.
investigations, he openly supplied Ricky Ross' s crack
empire from h i s home in the Bay area, and was never Prisons are now the fastest-growing item in almost all
touched by the law. He has since moved back to state budgets. California spends more on prisons than
Nicaragua. it does on colleges and universities. [NY Times 2 June
1 996] Former defense contractors are now getting into
According to the Mercury News, agents of four law the lucrative incarceration business. [NY Times August
enforcement agencies -DEA. U.s. Customs, the L.A. 23. 1 996] A secret war indeed.
County Sherifr s Office, and the California Bureau of
Narcotic Enforcement - say their investigations into o Repri nted in abridged form from Rac h e l ' s
Ross's empire were thwarted by the CIA or by unnamed Environment and Health Weekly N o 509. August 29,
"national security" interests. 1 996, Environmental Research Foundation, P.O. Box
5036, Annapolis, MD 2 1 40 3 . Fax (4 1 0) 263-8944:
The rise of the crack industry has had lasting effects Internet: erf@rachel.clark.net7036.

Spo
LOCKERBIE: MORE TWISTS warning shots was left out of the v ideo. The video was
Last issue of Peace Researcher carried a brief mention shown at the United Nations and other venues as part
of the claim by former US intelligence officer Lester of a propaganda campaign against Moscow. It claimed
Coleman that a bomb was able to be placed on the Pan the Soviets fired no warning shots and did not signal
American jet destroyed over Lockerbie because of an for the plane to land. Reagan' s Administration wanted
arrangement between U S inte l ligence agents and to influence its European allies and persuade them to
Lebanese terrorists. Now a retired Drugs Enforcement accept new American missiles in Europe. U S Officials
officer has won substantial l ibel damages for the knew at the time, from audio recordings, that the Soviet
suggestion that he was responsible for the breach of pilot who fired on the airliner could not identify the
security. Moreover, the publishers ofthe book in which plane, fired warning shots. and signalled it to land.
Coleman made h is claim have now said it was so
inaccurate that it should not have been published. ORWElL'S SECRET PAST
[Press, 4 June 1 996] The truth about Lockerbie looks George Orwell, author of 1 984 and the anti-Stalinist
as likely to be revealed as an irrefutable explanation of Animal Farm, took hi s opposition to communist
the death of John Kennedy. totalitarianism further than previously known. Orwell
secretly cooperated with the British Foreign Office land
US P RO PAGANDA COUP MI6?]. The Sydney Morning Herald [ 1 3 July 1 says he
A former director in the US Information Agency, Alvin volunteered to provide information that blacklisted
Snyder, has revealed that a video used to discredit the "communist" writers and journalists.
Soviet Union over the shooting down of Korean
Airlines KAL 007 omitted crucial information about SHREDS OF EVIDENCE
the incident. Snyder. who was in charge of worldwide In Nuremburg more than tlfty workers equipped with
television for the USIA, said the evidence that the adhesive tape are working on the world's largest jig­
Soviet pilots thought it was a spy plane and fired saw puzzle. They are patiently attem p ting to

Page 16 Peace Researcher


reconstitute the shredded files of the STASI - the former year. The F B I believes it needs a bigger oversea
East German Secret Police. Apparently the material presence to deal more effectively with organised crime
fills 1 7,000 sacks and at the current rate it w i l l take and terrorism. Undoubtedly such an expansion will
400 years to complete the job. canse more dissension in the competitive world of the
U S inte l l igence community w h i c h is currently
SPOOK CITY TOURS undergoing fundamental reviews of its organisation.
In July seven former KGB agent, published a book
which offers guided tours of European cities from the TORTURE IN ISRAEL - THE OTHER SIDE
spooks' point of view. The writers describe aspects of Peace Researcher has run several snippets which have
their work in the sixties and seventies, the value of implicitly criticised the brutality of Israeli security
Harrods as a place to lose a "tail", the joys of chatting forces. According to the Observer, Palestinian forces
up women in Hyde Park, the magic of Paris and the also have their nasty traits. Araiat' s police in Gaza
need to take sandwiches because Russian expense picked up a human rights activist named lyad Sarraj
accounts were so tiny> and tortured him while he was being held in custody.
Sarraj is a London-trained psychiatrist charged on what
POlITICAL USE OF FBI FILES his defenders say i s a trumped up allegation of drugs
Clinton came under fire in June following the revelation possession. Arafat has promised torture will not be
that the White House had requested Federal Bureau of tolerated and has given a former opponent a job as a
Investigation files on members ofthe Republican Party. Mi n i ster with a mandate to prevent human rights
More than 40 0 files on at least 3 0 0 people were abuses.
improperly obtained in 1 993 and 1 994 in what the FBI
Director said was a serious invasion of privacy. C linton GORDIEVSKY FINDS HIS SLOT
tried to excuse the access to files by referring to it as Oleg Gordievsky, a former KGB officer who worked
"an honest bureaucratic snafu" [Christchurch Press, 1 1 as a double agent for MI6, now has a new career as a
June 1 996] Questions should have been asked on why game show host . H e fronts a TV show where
the FBI held such files anyway, let alone the potential contestants are sent Oll missions around Britain with
for political abuse of the information. people on their trail. The longer they remain tree the
bigger their prize. Something of a comedown for
FBI OVERSEAS EXPANSION Gordievsky who was the senior KGB officer in London
The FBI, w h o s e domain i s domestic activity, i s while he worked for the British. He defected in \ 985,
doubling its overseas presence. The number of overseas and his handling enahled British intelligence to gain
FBI offices w i l l rise form 23 to 46. New offices will many brownie points with the Americans.
open in Beij ing, Tel Aviv, Cairo, and l slamabad this

AUSTRALIAN GOVT BACKS SPACE LAUNCH PLAN


In the last issue of PR, Hannah Middleton of the satellites. Since then the Industry Minister in Canberra
Australian Anti-Bases Campaign Coalition reported has announced the government would endorse the
proposals by an international consortium to develop a billion dollar project, planned by an Australian-Thai
new space centre near Darwin. The intention was to consortium. Environmental activists have expressed
build a launch site for communications and scientific concerns about such a space base.

About Peace Researcher


Peace Researcher i s published quarterly by the Anti-Bases campaign. Christchlll'ch. The editors are
Warren Thomson and Bob Leonard. Our journal covers a range of peace issues with emphasis on foreign
m ilitary bases and intelligence topics. Contributed articles will be considered for publication based on
subject matter and space requirements. We are particularlv interested in reports of original research on
peace topics in Aotearoa and the wider region of Australasia and the Pacific. Our address is:

Peace Researcher
P.O. Box 2258
Christchurch
Aotearoa/ New Zealand

Peace Researcher Page 17


l
V'S" OF 1).lJNC!AN HPgfLL TO NZ .
The Christchurch Anti-Bases Campaign plans to bring Duncan Campbell,
one of Britain's foremost investigative journalists, to AotearoalNZ. The visit
will take place from 1 8 December to 20 January (the only time he is
available). As well as having a private holiday, Duncan will be available to
talk to media, meetings, and activists in various parts of the country.

Duncan Campbell:
• . investigative reporter for the New
Statesman since 1978.
e winner of numerous awards for coverage of
intelligence, defence, and justice issues.
• producer andlor presenter for some of the
BBC's hardest hitting TV documentaries
including "Undercover Britain"; "Secret
Society"; and "The Hill" which exposed the
extent of electronic spying in Britain.
• programme advisor for "Threads" (on
nuclear war) "The Edge of Darkness", amI
"A Very British Coup".
.. exposes on health fraud, crime, poverty.

THIS fS A REQLlESr fDR SLlPPDJ5 AND fLlNDfNC;


We seck assistance with trans-Tasman air tares and internal travel costs. We would
like to hear trom those interested in meeting Duncan and/or holding a public meeting.
We seldom get the opportunity to hear a journalist with such an international
reputation; onc who has put his life on the line 10r the progressive causes wc support.

Please contact ABC, Box 2258 Christchm'ch, or ph (03) 337-3465 for more
information or to send a donation

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SUBSCRIBE TO PEACE RESEARCHER
Peace Researcher is the newsletter and journal of the Christchurch Anti-Bases Campaign. lf you would like to join
ABC, fill in the form below. All ABC members receive Peace Researcher. Membership/subscription $ 1 5 per
year. Send to: Peace Researcher. 1'.0. Box 2258, Christchurch, N.Z.

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Donations welcome. Overseas subs: Australia $20, Other $25.

Page 18 Peace Researcher