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MPs Visit Waihopai

during National Protest (sec page �I

MPs Rod Donald (Alliance) and Marian Hobbs (Labour) confer with researcher Nich Bagel
(centre) at the GCSB's Waihopai Satellite Sp\ Base pc;;, Blenheim in Janllar\ 1<)')7

In this issue: page

• Questionmg the GCSB Director
• GCSB bulhes busll1cSS
• The C011111u1
1 11eat l Ons Security Establishment (Canada I
• Private Bill aimed at Intelligence and Secunty Acts
• Dislurbll1g new militarv IlIlks with Pllllippmes
• US military goes offshore In Okina"" -llIst
• Fmally - Waihopal beconlc!s an "311''<
• Walhopai Protest photos !'
• Duncan rampbell's statement OIl \:I\..'I!\\!t!l Hi!:
• Womenwlth /\Jews I'

• Dlmcan Campbell '''It I 1

• US-Mexico The "Drug \\'Jf' 'lg.1!1lS1 th�' l:lpatlq;)� 1I

• CIA File I'

, -
• Spooky Bits
• VISIt of Sam Dav - Antl-'\l1clc;J' ".dl'lll
oning the GCSe Director:
"I regret that I am not prepared to comment ... "

by Sob Leonard
I a m convinced that Waihopai spieson New Zealanders ... I am most interested to know who or whllt office
in their own country. Ami I am convinced that!l1any o f has set the defmition for' domestic' and 'foreign'
the activities of the Government Communications intelligence."
Security &reau (GCSE) are of dubious legality and
wonld be rejected by most Kiwis, IF they knew about Two weeks later Parker's response? came in a brown
them. ORM.S. window envelope which had been sealed with
ordinary Sellotape (shades of MI5). He said he had
Despite being a novice in legal matters I wrote at some read the lead article "Is the GCSB a lawless agency".
leDgIh on my views of the legal issues sl!IToooding But. he refused to answer the accompanying questions
Waihopai and the GCSB in the last issue of Peace about domestic spying. The letter was rather short:
itefJ,e:w'<:her (No. 1 1 , Dec. 19%). I know that kind of
artide is beIlvy going for most �, if they read it "While I note your interest in the issues to which
lItall.Bnt in my opinion, we will only deii::at the GCSB you refer, and I have read your article in Peace
andclose WaiIJopai by revealing itlinndemocratic, outlaw Researcher magazine, } regret that I am not
lICtivities. That task is difficuh because of the secrecy prepared to comment forther on the matter s raised
and facade of legality that surround intelligence in your letter."

He gave no reason for his refusal to answer, but it can

Waihopai bell been carrying oot its spying behind ever­ lead to only one logical conclusion: Waihopai does
�(and. absmd)layersofcbain-Iiok fencing, higb­ indeed spy on New Zealanders. If it didn't, Parker
vollta�i£' electric wires, razor wire, and remote cameras would not hesitate to say so. GCSB spokesmen deny
for _Iy ten years. Demonstrations at Waibopai since engaging in "domestic" spying at every opportunity. But
1988 (several per year in the early days), and the in saying this they hide behind the term "domestic"
puhlication of Nicky Hager's Secret Power, have which Parker has just refused to deflne for me. Most
createil huge cracks in the wall ofsecrecy sl!ITouncling recently, one of them again responded to a letter to the
the GCSB. For protesters, the legal issues suddenly editor in The Press: "Communications between New
become mOre interesting and relevant when they get Zealanders would not fall into [the} defmiticn of foreign
arrested and are forced to mount a defence in court. intelligence"! This entirely predictable, broken-record
were arrested on trespass .charges in January response is a red herring. Waihopai canno t iotercept
and will an excellent chance lit a legal and moral pilone, fax., mternet, and telex communications within
dcl'enr:e in the April2! court trial in Blenheim District NZ because they do not involve satellites.4
They be represented by well-known QC
Willimns of Auckland, who volunteered his time The Officiai Information Act
10 the caWle. The challenge will be tomount an effective Parker's refusal points to another interesting aspect of
sttack OIl the very s!!Spec!, quasi-legal status of the the limbo status of the GCSB - The Bureau is not
GCSE and Waihopai aod on the morality of unfettered mentioned anywhere in the Official Information Act.
llIlymg· The Act is appended by a lengthy flrst schedule listing
the many organisations to which the Act applies. The
I have continued to trY to prise infonnation out of the SIS is there, but not the GCSB. Hundreds of OIA
GCSB about the targets of their signals intelligence requests have been sent to the GCSB by researchers;
gathel'ing. In a recent letter to Parker, Director of some have been answered, and many refused (see
the GCSS,' I included a copy of PR-l ! and asked the examples in Hager's Secret Power).
following qw:stions:
So what is the status of the Bureau under the Official
does your agency define domestic' in the
• l nfonnation Act? According to the Ombudsman's
00I],te:x101'interception of satellite communications? office, the GCSB falls into a "grey area" of the Act.
of 11 COJ!ruJ],unicaltiol1 is in New Zealand The GCSB now operates within the Department of the
and the other is in another country, is that Prime Minister and Cabinet,5 a stains that has been
cor,IlmJiIIIi(:atiDn d<�fm'od as •O£ domestic'? interpreted to mean Ihat the OIA applies totheBureau.'
�y tlIm'e ha never been any challenge by the is but one important example. Ask Ray Park« if his
�i- oommnnity to coverage of the GCSB by agency does it, and he clams up. Draw your own
tlwomcild liIfa::matio n Act. The reason is probably conclusions.
thatjllStabout any reference to the protection of References
"�I security" provides an excuse to withhold I. Letter from the author to Ray Parker, 3 February
informlllion - a shield for the Bureau to hide behind. 1997.
Ih,lexcuse for &lCrecy is written into the OIA. I'm 2. Letter from Ray Parker to the author, 17 February
oot�tbatDirectorPmeris_goingtoadmit 1997.
tbat Waihopai spies on its own people.. That admission 3. GCSB reply to letter to the editor, in The Press, 21
wauJd��theGCSB; I seriouslydoubt February 1997.
it � 1\Iffed "national security". New Zealanders 4. Except in special circumstances according to
� get upseIc tbatmuch is certain. But you and I
- Telecom. "A satellite could be used for toll calls
and.the Omlmdsman .are powerless in the face of such within New Zealand should other systems fail" -
�g. Editor's reply to letter in The Press, 21 February
�y ean only work in the long run if the people 5. The GCSB was created in 1977. Unill ahout 1991
and .tlwir rqn:�tive£ in government are well the GCSB was a Defence establishment and sigM
�and uopeo debete is possible. The GCSB posted around the Waibepai station ca1Ied attention
andthe� UKI1SA network areNlti-demooratic to to that fact.
�. The __ �Waibepaispyingon itsown people 6. See Sec. 22 of the Official Information Act of 1982.

TheGCSB,acting in concert with its UKUSA mates, for Mfa!. [Hugh Wolfensohn is a former naval officer
ha stepped in to prevent the utilisation by businesses with executive authority in the GCSB for legal matters.]
of eneryptinn systems. they are concerned the spook
a�iescan't�. NmiOllltll Bwiness Review [17 According to information provided by researcher
J<mnary 1991J reports in detail the manner in which Duncan Campbell, Peter Gutmann was involved in the
Patker's boys stopped the export of encryption development of coding systems which wouldbave been
softwar.e developed by an Anckland student and used by medical personnel to send communications
cOlluacted for distribution by a New York based relating to health matters of patients in a way that would
company. protect patient confidentiality. The GCSB were
preventing this from going ahead. It is not clear whether
NBR says the GCSB probably called in the Australian this is the same system as that referred to in the NBR
Defence Signals Directorate - GCSB's UKUSA crony feature.
- to help investigate the system, and furthermore, that
big brotherNSA was consWted eJ<lenSivelyon the issue. It is clear tbat the GCSB is heavily involved in the world­
Peter Gutmann, the Auckland computer analyst central wide attempts of the UKUSA partners to stop anyone
to development of tbe encryptioo system, said that ming communications systems that the sigillI spooks
according to his US partoer there had been a flurry of can't penetrate. In the USA there have been long­
commnninationsbetween the NSAand their small-town running disputes over the development and export of
GCSB _g e boys. new encryption systems, with the NSA and FBI
pressuring for guaranteed access to all systems. In
Gutmann also told NBR tbat parcels addressed to him Europe intelligence agencies enforced the downgrading
were opened by New Zealand Customs, who were of technology for mobile phones.
unable to splain why this�. The prohibition
on<� the encryption system came out of the In 1992 a Christchurch business named CES Ltd
�SiIry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (Mmt). GCSB developed an encryption device for fitting to phones,
executivedirector Hngh Wollmsohn said all decisions computers and faxes. The device was assessed by the
on ·� goods control matters were made GCSB. Sioce the company was allowed to proceed with
by M&t. This is contradicted by the comments of a marketing its product it is almost certsin tbattlwGCSB
seninr DSDoffic.iaI who said that the DSD had beeome felt confident they would be able to eavesdrop on any
inwlved.after the GCSE had ruled that export of the communications using thisequiproent &ecentIya report
fiII.� QyptIib software shonld oot go ahead, and in the business pages of the Press [I February] stated
tbatGCSBmade�deeisinns aa� matters tbatCES CommunicatiollShaformal�anagteement

_ American company that will allow CES to put Communications are the � company, or close:ly
its eIl�ryptioll technology into cell phones. CES related ones. Hence while the Press reports that the
Commollollreations is described as a Christchurch developments "will allow customers to communicate
company whose encryption products are used to encode securely with other CES-fitted phones" the customers
nad dl:!code teil:!phone, fax, and computer-data are unlikely to know that thl:! spooks in this country will
cOIDIDIIBications. Presumably CES Ltd, and CES be reasonably sure they can eavesdrop OIl the calls.



by Warren Thomson
In the last few years a number of exposes have been Margaret Thatcher's Cabinet on behalf of British
ffiOOe concerning Canada's Communications Security Intelligence, and collected information on French
Es� (CSE). This agency is the Canadian Separatists, The latter operations were clearly illegal in
�rjis:Hioo � forSignalslnlelligence (Sigint) that they involved spying on Canadian citizens but the
ooder the UKUSA Agreement that rules our GCSR CSE eavesdropped on the Separatists communieations
Itslllcilities \isten in to communications in asimilar way with France classifYing the communications as foreign
to Waihopai and Tangimoana, but on a much wider because they had one leg outside Canada
scale. The information which has become public
provides evidence of the operations of Sigint In an article in the Canadian magazine McLean's [2
organisatiolm thatshouid worry any person concerned September 1996J Shorten explains that many allegations
shout privacy violatinnsand political manipulat:icn. against the agency are impossible to coofum because
of stringent "need to know" compartmentaJisation which
In 1995, Jane Shorten, a former CSE employee, told restricts information ahout an operation to a very few
Canadian news media that the CSE spied on Canada's people. She decided to leave the CSE wben she was
allies and trading partners - including Mexico and South given thejob of monitoring communications in and out
Korea - by eavesdropping on embassies, consulates and of the Korean embassy in Ottawa. This inclnded
diplomats, Mexican communications were intercepted listening in on the locally-employed Canadian workers
during th e 1992 negotiations that led to the North and anyone who rang the embassy.
Anreri� free trlllle agreement, Shorten said she was
involved in an operation - code named Aquarian - that Margaret Bloodworth, the Canadian Privy Council
started in 1991 an d was intended to eavesdrop OIl South Office official responsible for the CSE, spoke to the
Korean messag es while Canada was in the midst of standing committee on national defence in 1995 and
selling IlUClear reactors to that country, [Vancouver flatly denied that the CSE broke the law. "CSE does
SlHt, 14 November 1995 and The Globe and Mail, 15 not in any part of its collection target Canadians, or the
November 1995] communications of Canadians," she said. "A
fundamental part of the agreements we have with our
When other governments reacted to these statements close allies is that we do nol target each other and we
the Canadian Prime Minister said there would be an do not ask each other to target our own citizens either."
investigation and any Canadian spy who broke the law [McLean 's, 2 September 1996]
woald be punished. However, most intelligence experts
..!)knowledge that UKUSA countries spy on their It should be noted that while the CSE may not "target"
ftiends.and it is seldom clear, wbere the spook agencies Canadian communications it can pick up a huge amount
are involved, what constitutes breaking the law. The of data by targeting related activities. As Shorten said,
CSE is reported b y Shorten and others to frequently picking up intercepts from foreign embassi es in Canada
intercept telepbone conversations and f axes of alsQ collected the information that Canadians were
Canadians working at foreigo embassies in Canada, in putting into, or receiving from, that embassy, In the Frost
spite of the fact that this is against the law. example, Quebec communications were simply treated
as French.
In a book published in 1994 [Spyworl<i: How CSE
Spies on Canadians and the World] a former CSE In the last PR we noted that Section 7 of the Official
employee, Mike Frost, said that the agency had Secrets Act in Canada allows the Minister of Justice to
eavesdropped OIl Margaret Trudeau to find out if she issue a warrant authorising the interception o f
smoked marijmna, monitored dissentiog ministers in communications a s long as they either originate or end
in Canada - but not both, [The Globe and Mail, 15 operators - came from the National Security Agency
November 1995] However, the legal requirements in (NSA) in Fort Meade, Maryland." If the Canadians
Canada - lIS in New Zealand get more murky the further
- fail to cooperate they are threatened with being cut
one looks. One commentator has pointed out there is no off from the system. As long as they keep the NSA
time limit on such a warrant so it could cover several happy they are supplied with training, equipment and
decades of electronic spying. most ofall, access to intelligence data. [Covert Action
Quarterly, Winter 1996-97J •
The McLean'$ article states that warrants are required
for communication intercepts inside Canada, but not Spyworld makes it very clear that the spooks have
those with a leg "tside [our emphasis) and on top of always been far ahead of their reported positions on
this the siruation of intercepting communications from message recognition techniques - including those for
across the horder (in the USA) is not clear. In a book human voices. The importance of these is that
published in 1990 lOjficioJ Secnts], Riclund Cleroux successful development means that the separating out
asserts ilIatthe CSE requires nojudicial warrants because of target individuals and their messages can become
it is part ofth e military. (Even ;fthis is true the situation fully automatic. According to Frost he wasusing such
may have been altered by more recent legislation. In this equipment years before July 1994 when NSA denied
country the GCSB has moved out from WIder the wing in the US Congress that it had it. And ifthe CSE have
of the Defence Department) it, is it available to the GCSB?

Last year a watchdog was set up with the intention of The CSE is estimated to have nearly 900 civilian
instituting some accountability over the CSE, A former employees and more than a thousand military personnel
Quebec chief justice was appointed as Commissioner, working for them. The annual budget is probably
with a staff of three and a budget of $CanSOO,OOO. around $Can 250 million. This is a tar bigger operation
Although the resources of the commissioner are far than that of the GCSB in this country. But the lessons
grea.ier than those of the recently-appointed lnspector­ for New Zealand should be that some of the operations
General in this country there are plenty of complaints carried out by its closely associated sister agency are
about the new oversight. illegal andlor immoral, they continue despitethedenials
of the officials in charge, they often involve allied
Shorten says if something is in the interests of "national agencies, and they are ultimately controlled by the
security" then it may not be reported. Others say that as NSA.
long as CSE functions are not enshrined in law (as for
the GCSB in this country) it is diffICult to decide what is [* The Covert Action Quarterly referred to above
legal and a mandate that looks only at illegality is weak. has an excellent article on the GCSB and global
There can be significant violations of privacy that are surveillance by Nicky Hager, and several otberrelated
"legalnbnt still unacceptable. The legal sitnation in regard articles, as well as the piece by Mike Frost. Anyone
to cellular phones and electronic mailhas not been tested. with an interest in these areas sbouId try to see a copy.]
And all reports by the Commissioner have to be vetted
by Bloodworth, the civil servant in charge of the spies.

It isclearthat parliamentary oversight of Canadian Sigint

operations reflects all the torturous evasions and
ambiguities that we have here in New Zealand. What ATISAACTS
has been made clearer by Mike Frost however, are the
Alliance MP Rod Donald is getting a private
dangers of political manipulation and illegality that were
member's bill drafted to repeal and amend the
intrinsic to the CSE' s operations. Frost says that he knew
Intelligence and Security Agencies Acts passed last
about, or participated in, operations thet aided politicians
year. The aim is to repeal the Act which act up the
or ilIcIions in aUicd countries to gain partisan advantages;
ISA Committee and to increase the powers given
that spicdon allies; that spied on Canada's own citizens;
to the Inspector-General. Donald is encouraged by
that perfurmed favours for allies by helping them evade
comments from parliamentary officials who believe
their own domestic laws againat apying.
the ISA Committee Act runs counter to the
Standing Orders of the House. ABC members have
Most insidiollS of all are Fros!' s statements about the
been assisting in the formulation of the BilL No­
ultimate control of all the operations that were undertaken.
one should be too sanguine about how far a private
He says "although my paycbeck carne from the Canadian
member's bill will get, but the effort toput the ISA
Governmest, more ollen than not., my orders, asaigmnenls,
issues before parliament again deserves full support
and mooh of my training - like those4lf many.otber CSE

by Murray Hortol'l
Whea the Philippines Solidarity Network of Aorearoa you need a navy. Ramos has announced a 15 year
(PSN1\) was founded, back in the I 930s, onc of its big programme to build what is, effectively, a new
issues was Ncw Zealand's military links with the Philippines Navy, of almost 70 vessels. Teooers fortbe
Phil� which were especially repugnant during the first stage - two corvettes, threeoffsbore patrol vessels,
m�lfdflmllS M.arcos kleptocracy. This was in the days two fast attack craft and 13 patrol boats closed in

whea .!#le Americans had huge i:lases there(Clm Air March 1997. What has this got to do with New Zealand?
Foroe .Base alone was bigger than Singapore) and New Plenty.
�wasinANZUS. Thus, to give just one example,
the got reglllar "Iive"bombing practice at the At present, 476 New Zealand companies are involved
AlIilericanS' Crow Valley bomb range. with the Anzac frigate project, via Australian shipbuilder
Trnnstield Defence Systems. As that project approaches
.�is dead (but not his legacy); the American bases its end, Trnnsfield is lookiog around the region forworlc
.aregone (Mt Pinatabo finished off Clark, for good It has tendered for work with the Malaysian Navy, and
measure); and naughty New Zealand is suspended from tsken delegations of New Zealand businessmen to
AMZU:; appropriately, that was announoed in Manila, Malaysia in connection with that. Transfleld is also
by l'Yesidem Reagan' s Secretary of State). So can one tendering for the Philippines Navy work (against
safely assume that there are no more military links competition from American, European and Asian
between New Zealand and the Philippines? shipbuilders), and is involving its New � partners
(including onjl.lnkets to the Philippines).
No! General Fidel R.amos, the Philippines president (with
anex.tremely tainted human rights record, acquired while Slowly and insidiously, New Zealand has been creating
he served both PYesidents Marcos and Aquino at the itself a "defence" industry. When il gets involved in
highestmilitary level), wants to bulk up the Philippines building warships for countries such as Malaysia and
l!li!itary. It's always been the lead instrument of internal the Philippines (which have rival claims in the potential
oppress ion, but been severely embarrassed in any "real" hot war over the Spratlys), aJarm bells should gIl off
wars. Ramos wants to rectify that the Philippines has very loudly indeed for the New Zealand public. Courtesy
been humiliateddfHing the multi-national military jostling of our American Big Brother, we have disengaged
over the Spratly Islands, in the South China Sea. ourselves once from military ties with the l:'hiii. ppines.
It would be tragic if we blundered ioto that S1&ampagain.
To be militarily credible in disputes such as the Spratlys,

In Deoemher 1996, the US/Japan Special Actioll troops in Japan - all on an islaoo which accounts for
Committee o n Okinawa concluded a year o f less than l% of Japan's lotalland area).
negotiations over the highly contentious issue o f the
future of th e massive American military presence on The "leftis!" Governor, Masahide Ota, was strooganen d
the southernmost Japanese island (PR has been by the Japanese Government into siglling lease renewals
following this saga in detail over several years. For for the various parcels of land occupied by the bases -
example, seeP /(, December 1996). The brutal rape (in despite his previous promise not to do so; despite the
1995) of a J 2 year old OkineWlID schoolgirl by three opposition of the land owners; despite Japan's fIrSt ever
American servicemen brought things to the boil, provincial referendum voting 10to 1 that thebases must
re!lultiog in protests demanding the total removal go; and despite the continuing massive protests. (one of
ofall American i:lases (which occupy 20"/. of Okinawa's which had attracted 10% of Okinawa' s total population).
land area and bouae 28,000 of the American The central Government, which pays the several billion
dollars per year required to keep the US military in Meanwhile, American servicemen are still endearing
J� offered a multimillion dollar special fund to themselves to their Japanese hosts. In the same month
i mp rove the economy of Okinawa, the poorest that the Okinawa agreement was signed, a court on the
prefecture (province) in Japan, and Prime Minister island of Kyushu sentenced an American sailor to 13
Ryutaro Hashimoto made a public apology to its people. years prison for slashing the throat of a J� woman
in the course of aluly 1996 robbery. Hestole$US120,
But the December 1996 US/Japan agreement offers which he said he needed for partying, after he had spent
very little to those people. The Pentagon will return one his pay. Four days after the attackthe USmilitaryilanded
fifth of the 23 ,500 hectares it uses, and close all or part him over to Japanese police, the first time this has
of 11 facilities. It will cut aircraft noise (one of the happened - a direct consequence of the new.agreement
iutolerable things associated with military occupation on handling crimes committed by American military
of a small island). But, despite earlier talk of seriously personnel in Japan. That agreement was the direct
consideringsubstamial troopreductions, not a single one outcome of popular fury of the 1995 pack rape of the
of those 2&,000 troops will be removed. Not one. Okinawan schoolgirL In August 1996 US military
Japl1iileSe Foreign Minister, Yolmhlko lkeda, was asked authorities made a$US25,000 condolence payment to
how an agreement which removes no American troops the rohbery victim; the Japanese judge who sestenced
could possib ly assuag e Okinawan anger. His reply? A the sailor described his crime as extremely cruel and

puhlicrelationscampaign will beneeded. "We shall have vicious" (Philippine Star, 5 Decemher 1996). As a
to ask the Okinawan people to continue to bear the result of this crime, the Navy has imposed limits on
burden. That is a reality that will remain unchanged. time spent off base by US military personnel at the
As for Japan itself, we have to exp lain to the people Sasebo Navy Base.
how important it is to maintain JapanlUS security ties"
(Philippine Star. 3 December 1996). The US is determined to retain its bases in Japan,
because it perceives Cbina as a possible rival power in
An ingenious and incredibly expensive solution is being Asia, and because it is useful to demonise North Korea.
proposed in tbe case of the giant Futenma marine air So the people of Japan, and disproportionately,the people
station (home to the three . now gaoled rapists). It is to of Okinawa will have to continue to suffer this burden.
be closed within seven years, but the Pentagon is left That's what the politicians in Washington and Tokyo
with the problem of where to base its helicopters. hope - the people have another agenda altogether. one
American and Japanese negotiators have given up which wants the military occupiers to not just jump in
looking for an alternative land s ite. and anoounced that the sea but to swim all the way back home.
a 1,500 metre long, 500 metre wide runway will be built
offilbore, at a cost to Japanese taxpayersof$US2 billion.
No mention has been made of where this will be located,
but the mosIlikely candidate is somewhere near Camp
Schwab, on Okinawa ' s east coast. This raises the
prospect o f protests from nearby residents and
fisherpeopJe. The structure will be connected to shore
by a pier. Various designs are being considered for
buildingthe facility, which will be five times longer than
an aircraft carrier. OKINAWA
US warplanes firedmoretban 1500 radioactive
The tarnished Governor Ota is presenting this as a bullets in exercises near Okinawa between
trimnph, saying that his constituen ts want their land back December 1995 and January 1996, and Japan
for development. The Governor says his next job is to has condemned the US for taking more than a
get all American buses off Okinawa by 2015. But they year to reveal this, according to the Sydney
might all end up literally just a few hundred metres Morning Herald [12 February 1997]. Eacb
offshore , pa:rasitically attached to the mainland. Those bullet contained about 147 grams of depleted
of you who saw K.evin Costoer' s literally oceanic flop uranium and had been incorrectly labelle<l The
roov ie "Waterworld" will recognise the similarities US authorities claim they pose no threat. They
between his futuristic vision of floating fortresses made were fired over an uuninbabited" island 100
of scrap metal and what the Pentagon is proposing for kilometres west ofOkinawa by marine Harrier
OkinaWll.. It gives a whole new meaning to the phrase: Jets. Washington bas also admitted accidentaly
«We're leavingthe country - hut don't worry, we won't dropping a bomb offOkinawa last December.
be far away".

Page 7
'The .l!muary protest at the Waihopai spy base grabbed perimeter fence of the base. The MPs did not take part
a large . measure of media attention this year, and in the major action by protesters but their support has
�therehas been much more attention paid helped build the campaign. [Rod Donald is currently
inWeIlingtoo to the issue ofNew Zealand's spying on working on a Private Member's Bill aimed at removing
ov��ieations. lnterestin the issue has been the newly instituted Intelligence and Security Agencies
growing since the publication ofNieky Hager's hook Committee, aod strengthening clauses of the other ISA
"Secret Power" wl!ieh describes how the Waihopai Acts to ensure better oversight]
base is used. to gain advantages for our "al.lies" by
listening inOll tax, E-Mnil and telex messnge s around F QCus on the issue was intensified when twenty people
the Paeffic . were arrested. A full media presence ensured maximum
coverage. In the last year knowledge of tbe base's
The puhlieily for the protest weekend was fueled by existence has permeated through most of the media
the� of two MPs -Marum Hobbs from the and there is much more acceptance of the operations
Labour Pllliy.and Rod Donald from the Alliance. Both of the GCSB as a national .issue. The local Blenheim
were. prev� by the poliee from approaching the paper, the Mar/borough Express, printed a thoughtful

"SECRET POWER" .. 20/20

New Zealanders have responded overwhelmingly to Nicky Bager's book on the Government
Communieations Security Burean and its operations - by ear!y 1997 it had sold over 5,000 copies and
featured. in the Ten Best Bestsellers list. It also had repercussions worldwide - the prestigious American
magazine, Covert Action Quarterly, featured it heavily in its Winter 1996/97 issue.

It is good to see the mainstream media start taking an interest in the GCSB and Waihopai, which it has
studiously ignored for years. TV3' s 20120 (7 October 1996) took a particularly hardhitting look at the
subject,jncludiog sending Nieky Hager aod the camera toting reporter to covertly film inside Waibopai
forthe first time ever. As this screened up against the final Leaders' Debate, on TV 1, a few days before
the election., not as many people saw it who should or would have.

We believe that, between them, the hook aod the TV programme have immeasurably helped to produce
a marked seachange in public perceptions of Waihopai. Media coverage of the 1997 protest was
phenomenal, before, during, aod after, and what's more it was universally sympathetic. Other new
fealUres this year were the presence of two MPs (the Alliance's Rod Donald and Labour's Marian
Bobbs) .and the spontaneous decision ofhlgh profile Auckland lawyer, Peter Williams QC, to fly to
BIenheim and donate his services to represent the 20 arrested. And he said he was doing it on political
and moral grounds.

The Anti Bases Campaign has a copy of the 20120 programme for hire. It costs $10, including postage,
for one week. Send cheques and orders to:
Box 2258, CMstchurch.

Copies of Covert Action Quarterly can be bought for $7 from:

NZNuclear Free
Peacemaking AssOCiation,
Box 13-541, Chnstclu.lfch 9
editorial which questioned the activities of the base. This issues, wanted to fly down from Auckland to represent
was not well received by the GCSE Director. Vanguard us. In the aftermath of the arrests several people were
Films, which produced the very successful documentary very concerned about the financial and personal costs,
"Someone Else's Country" accompanied the protesters and many were thinking of pleading guilty to get the
for much of the weekend and are compiling valuable matter dealt with quickly. WiIliams's offergave people
archival footage. a boost and in the end there was a unanimous decision
to plead not guilty in the interim and have a group
Protestors arrived at the Wairau River site on Friday defence based on the right to moral protest against
evening. First-timers went out for a look at the base unacceptable actions of the state.
while some people went into Blenheim to leaflet.
Saturday started with a meeting on what action would This drew more media attention and the interest of a
be taken. MQre than 25 people said they were prepared much wider sector of the population. A hearing has
for arrest if it seemed appropriate. Over a hundred been set down for April 21 in Blenbeim and it is hoped
people gathered at the base road gate and it soon to be able to focus more attention on the Waihopai base
became clearthe police were not going to permit anyone then. As well as being an excellent chance to bring up
(even the MPs) to go on the land surrounding the base . some of the legal issues surrounding the GCSE, the
case is expected to test New Zealand Courts on their
Everyone withdrew to the side of the road, split into decisions in relation to cases in Britain where protesters
two groups, and began climbing over the road fence have been acquitted on the grounds of acting to prevent
onto the farmland surrounding the base The first group
. threats to life or law.
went only about thirty metres before reaching a police
liue. After being told to return or be arrested people Although Peter Williams is willing to provide the
attempted to walk on and each was taken by the arm defeuce without fee, the defendants still face
.and led to the police van. Other protesters were still considerable finaucial disadvantage througb
making their way down the field, some holding hands. solicitor's fees, loss of work, travel, etc. Any
One police officer was cantering around on his horse, donations towards costs or towarda the funding
looking rather dashing but achieving nothing in terms of needed to continue the fight on this issue, would
slopping them, and a couple of times his horse shied at be gratefully received_ Please send to:
the banner flapping in the wind.
ABC, Box 2258 Christchurch.
A small group of women singing "Keep on Walking
Forwards" were stopped and arrested. After sitting on
the side of the base road for a time seven of them were
put into the passenger section of the police van - the
other 13 arrestees were already crammed in the cage
at the back. About 3 0 people had gone over the fence FROM MONTHLY
but some were taken back to the road with the police
explaining they bad no room to arrest any more! I t was
hot in the wagon but most people bad drinks with them
and there was also a cell-phone! While the van was
ABC gratefully acknowledges the donation of
being driven back to town contact was made with the
$1,500 from the New Zealand Monthly
radio news stations.
Review Society, which we received as a result
of the November 1996 winding up of the
Everyone was released later on Saturday night after
Society and disbursement of its fUnds. This
liaison people negotiated bail. (The sticking point was
money will be used for ABC's publications
that the pnlice :wanted to bold five �ringleaders". But
and campaigns, principally for the continued
the cells were over-occupied with the 1 0 men and 10
production of Peace Researcher.
women they held and when it was insisted on all being
released or none, they allowed all to go. Thanks to the
The CAFCNABC Organiser Account, which
police liaison people who did a fme job of negotiation.
exists to provide Murray Horton' s income, also
There was a hitch (again) with arrangements for access
gratefully acknowledges the donation of
to a solicitor but because people were bailed it didn't
$1,200 from the Monthly Review Society. This
prove too much of a problem.
will go towards enabling Murray to continue
working as a fulltime political activist, work
There was another develupmeut wben Peter Willinms,
which includes writing for Peace Researcher.
a nationally known QC who specinlines in civil liberties

\\ .\11101' \1 1997 � \ 1'11010 I'.SS.\ \

j ; l" 1 '; t;: ' ,1 ,\ !I :� i !

Page IQ
) nl�arcel at ion C· ent! i'

and Nich Ha"cr

Peace Reseo(cher r '(](i" i,

1fJm.i8;;the_ Dlmcan Campbell prepared/or the magistrates and Crown Court in the UK in a recent case 0/
Cl':Imi1Jf;ll d8mage at Menwith Hill SIation. So"", ofthe biographical detail has been omiJJed.
I. I have been familiar with Menwitll Hill Station considerably more.
(�") � 1975 and have extensively researched
�_theac1ivitiesandfunctioo ofthestation 4. The countries whose communications have heen
for the Samday Times, the Obserl1er, the New intercepted and analysed for intelligence purposes by
Stot-. BBC Television, Chaamel 4 Television, the NSA and its forerunner agencies inclnde every
NBC (United States) and other Jnedia. I have. also nation in the world. The United Kingdom is not an
�twobooks wiliehdea1atleagthwiththeactivities exception to this. Documents recently released by the
<If·MenwithHill Station. Most reoentIy, I produced for NSA in the United States have demonstrated that UK
Channel Four Television a � called "The communicatinns were intercepted for siginl purposes
HilF. This was transmitted in Qetober 1993. during the period in which our two nations were allied
during the Second World War. So far a s MenwitllHilI
��withHill �is,andalwaysba&heen, afacility Station isconcerned, there is.evidence that its activities
of the United States Departmemof Defence. Under are concerned inter alia with the states of the former
the.oormal �t hetween the US and British Soviet Union, and with Israel, Iran, and other middle
�the land is owned by the British Ministry eastern territories.
ofC'l)oflimee and .jsJeased to the US government. The
��lIlent .to this effect was signed on 11 5. Despite (or perhaps because of) the scale and
'�l95Lhetween the the US Ait Force and significance of the operations at Menwith Hill Station,
and_�WarOffice. The agreement prnvided both the UK and US governments have refused to
IorlandcHarrogate to he aCQUired and stipulated that provide any explanation to the public or to Parliament
"the US Army can remain in oocupationuntil this of the purpose of the station. To date, they have not
agreement, unless otherwise excepted, is either been prepared even to .acknowledge that. the station is
terminated or modified in anyfQt1ll." Construction work operated and controlled by the NSA or t o confirm its
started in 1955, and the statipn became operational in purpose.
6. I have been asked for the purposes of the present
3. At.a1ltimes from 1959 to date, the station ba& been case wbether the activities of Menwith Hill Station are
opflrnIed as part ofthe United States signals intelligence lawful; and whether it would be reasonable for a British
or"sigint" system. The function of signals intelligence citizen to take the view that the station or its activities
is to gather intelligence from the. interception and constituted a threat to personal or colloctive safety or
�ofelectronic signalsorcommunications ofevery security.
type. In the modern era, the targets of sigint include
S/IIdlifercommuniclns ltio as well as telephone calls and 7. In my opinion, i t is likely that many activities
compute>r data. The means of intercepting conducted from Menwith Hill Station are unlawful under
� used at Menwith Hill Station inclnde international or European law, to which Britain is party.
thedirect.intereeptinn of telephone communications· The generality of its activities could in principle he
"telephone .ing" - radio reception of all kinds, the sanctioned bya warrant issued by a Secretary of State
unanthol'ised reeeption of signals from foreign or under the Interception ofCommunicatinnsAct 1934;
iutemational communications satellites, and the however I have no knowledge of any such warrant
intmleptipnofcommunications from countries in Africa having been provided 10 the US government or its
and Eurasia bymeans .ofspe>eia1ised orbiting satellites. agencies having facilities on British territory. If such a
The statinn is e>onlrolied and operated by the National warrantOOes not exist, then all or .aImost all theactivities
�umy Agawy (NSA), which is part of the United of Menwith Hill Station would he unlawful under the
States� ofDefence. According to official 1984 Act Even if a warrant does exist, this would not
�lhave SIleIl, itisidenti1iedintemally as "Field override many international ohligations of the UK. For
St\ltipnElI3"_ is the Iarge>atsigint field statinn ran by example, diplomatic communications are protected from
theNSA. It_y reliaP1y be inferred from thisthat it is unauthorised interception by treaty; yet a specific task
the�SIIdI station in the world. The cost of the of Menwith Hill Station has been a group of
�and_� systems,. inclOOing thecostof communications known as "NDC" (Non,-US Diplomatic
��Mm:h .it operates, is anlikely to he less communications"). Such sigint activity is without
�"t)�(aheut $NZ13.000 mil)andmayhe
linn exception unlawful.
8. It can also be inferred from recent US government v iew ofthis, it is in my v iew certain that the l-lerrogate
statements and actions that since the end of the cold area would have been one of the first targets of nuclear
warthe US intelligence community, of which the NSA warfare against the western Alliance, had such a
is the largest component, has sought to intercept and cataclysm happened.
analyse the commercial communications of nations of
the European Union (EU) for domestic intelligence 13. Since the cold war has ended, military thtests to the
purposes. Any such action would in my understanding station and its operations have not ceased, Although
breach provisions of community law for the protection extensive nuclear disarmament has taken place, it is
oftrade and commerce within the EU. far from complete. Russia remains beth a majortarget
of Menwith Hill Station, and the largest nuclear power
9. The personal and private communications of citizens outwith the western Alliance. During the Gulf War,
of Europe are additionally subject to the protection of Menwith Hill was guarded by armed troops On a scale
Article II ofthe European Convention on Human Rights. befitting its significance to western intelligence during
There is good reason to believe that the personal that war. Perhaps most significantly, the most recent
communications of many people within Europe have construction work at Menw;th Hill Station - known as
been intercepted from Menwith Hill Station. In this STEEPLEBUSH I l - has been fortified to withstand
connection, I personally have made a preliminary direct attack. The STEEPLEBUSH n building is
application to the European Court of Human Rights in protected by massive earth "bund" walls in a style more
respect of the British Government's failure to uphold usually associated with arnmWlition bunkers, In contrast,
the Convention in relation to the operstions of Menwith the original STEEPLEBUSH building (constructed in
Hill Station. The case remains to be heard. the mid 19&05) is a two storey aboveground construction
of corrugated and lined metal sheet, of a style broadly
10. It follows that it would be correct for a British citizen similar to out of town hypermarkets and affording no
to believe that some or all of the activities of Menwith protection against military attack. It follows that the
tlill Station were unlawfuL US and British governments may anticipate that
Menwith Hill Station is more, not less, likely to come
1 1 . In my opinion, there are good reasons why a British under military attack during the 1990s than in the 19805.
citizen could fear that Menwith llill Station might pose A British citizen who was concerned with its activities
a thteat to personal or collective safety Of security. A would certainly be reasonably entitled to form .sllch a
prominent reason is the exceptional and indeed unique vie\\!,
secrecy pertaining to its operations. For example, in
the course of my researches I have heard many rumours 14. I have been asked whether it is likely that the US
about activities at the base such as that it included secret or British government might oftheir own volition decide
undergroUlld bunkers where experiments in biological to cease operations at Menwith Hill Station. ! do not
warfare were taking place. While I discount such think this is likely. While U S intelligence operations
rumours entirely, I know that at one time they were overseas have recently been rationalised and reduced
widely believed in the Harrogate area. Because of the in scale, this has had the effect of increasing the size
secrecy surrounding the base even far-fetched stories
, and importance of Menwith Hill Station. The station is
would not officially be denied, and thus gained wider at the present time continuing greatly to expand its
currency. It followsthat many people who might accept operations. Both governments have affirmed that they
without apprehension some or all of the activities of intend the station to continue operating for the
Menwith Hill Station are justiftably apprehensive foreseeable future.
because ofthe official lack ofcandour about its activities.

12. During the years of the cold war, it was also widely WOMENWITH NEWS
believed in the area that in the event of strategic conflict, On January 1 7 women camping at the camp at Menwith
Menwith Hill would be an early target for nuclear Hill held a protest in solidarity with the ABC action at
warfare. I believe this view to be correct Menwith Waihopai. The February "'Womenwith News" reports
Hill Station has for many years been known to the "We had plenty of attention from the passing public and
intelligence agencies of the former Soviet Union as one lots ofsupport. There was lots ofSirlging, banner waving,
ofthe most important - and perhaps the most important lovely fires [the middle of the English winter} lovely
- site for the interception of its most urgent and important wimmin, soup and dancing. The base was entered and
military messages. The nature of its activities, and in a banner reading 'SHUT THE BASES' APPEARED
particular the role of a satellite system called VORTEX ON A RADIO MAST'.
and operated from Menwith Hill, was betrayed to the The ABC thanks Menwith Wi.mmin most sincerely for
former KGB by their British spy Geoffrey Prime. In their support!

Poge 13
one of Britain' s foremost protest at Vanguard Films were present
investl_ive joumallists and 011 to capture Duncan's talk 011 film, Undouhtodly his
e�omc a mouth m New Ze" l"" d presence helped boost !!>e media int:erei!!1 thst weekend.
j'llle�, His with a Valuahle intematillrul! Imks have hooIl consolidaled.
particular mt.est m SIGINT to leam more about what
is� in this field, holh�l!y a!ld politically, The tour was not without problems, inclndillg !!>e very
(Signals i!ltel!igeooe mortnnrue canceIl�a of the entire Christchmcb lIisit.
electronic the work at W.,lhc'pai ABC ha.s leamt many valuahle ioolndillg the
TlIIlgimoaoa,) need to ensure that there is a single group responsible
for that aOO expeetations
A key theme In eroorge was the poltfln·,w for to are settled well in advance, and thst there is clear
� ��y mo�a���oo �f nnl�gthe�n� agpeemlen!on funding .

unbreakable enc:r)'pt,on sv:srems now becom ing

�athth�j�rists��I�I�!.��.n{�XaI� u� ABC wishes to thank those who helped fuadDuncan' s
visit The overall amollllred to nearly a thousand
In !he AIISllrWWl
*, 1_ tw_1:)' yeIIB telefmones Bases Coalition who brought Duncan oot
coow� m: from One person a donation of $500
devi!les. rile:mltig<mce egel1rim hsttling In !)rev,enl and ABC wishes la pass on oor appreciation
of this Further contributions to Ouooan
Campben costs or ABC work generally would be
Dnncoo met Olle of New :Leruaruj' grateful!y aooepteld.
whizZj>$ who has a secnre sVl,le:m
tnmsmillaioo ofmedi!lal records, The GCSB is to The issue of Waihopai and the operruiollS of the GCSB
prevent awry this issue1 have enormous public exposure m recent weeks.
Dtmcan spol!eoIl KW Hill ' s sessioo a!ld Paeific Develop:lIlg our intamational networks and ooucatmg
Talkback aOO several articles were in the the and politicians are the tasks forthe
major papers A succesful
s next months, Our efforts i!l January have created an
meeting was betd in B lenbeim the weekend of excellent base for this work to proceed.

.. : THE " DRU WAR"
Drug interdiction is th.e oflicial reaso!l for the tnulSf,,, the AllY threru to the ruling elites in
of ll\!llatpOlSl from !he Unitad Mexico is by exienslon a tinea! to U.5. int.ests.
States 10 M'�xioo, bUI evidence shows that the arms
have had purpose. The firs! 20 of a plaaned n1U""""" V in Mexico is of the most nn,em concern.
transfer of1 3 Doruild E. Scimitz, prot"" SO! of Naltionai Security at
in cargo planea Air Force � in the U .S. it this way: "A hostile
San last NOliem:oor The are illvesllner,t;; (in Mexico)
of a weapons aOO worth m dailgelf, j''''p<lfciize aeeess to oil, a flaod of
millioo- milii!a:iv e<lm�'ment or 100l�",1 pahtl'cal retllgt:es, and e<:-Onomic the north,
thel CljJ:llj)1l w:lm:illiE;tra;too
i to the Mexican armed foICes. And Uil<ler the States would
feel to miJ itarize Il¥� southern border, In fact, n

The official is that the arms are for use in the the southem lJ 'sJMexicall border is in the pcocess of
drug war. But the true purpose bilck la 11 famons !leIIV 1'1'1 militarized.
recom;:nendi!i!1 on when Chase
Bank an IIfhri§{)fV clIen"" _,vme !!>et Since has beell eager to dispatch
"the m nst be arms and re:comJaissance aircraft south of !!>e horder,
emhamlssed Chase Bank excuse �L.j_ , interdiction. In a.ldioon la the

list ()fsulppiies to he transferred

of dollars. over the five yew-s in i.llC1'easea
6f'll_.�cm mld C·3 equJipm<:Ilt ('i)OII'll_d C6!!ltrol surveillance mid interoietioo efliJlt>w � with less
l!ii!!' C!l:!ml1ftk:at
m l,ion ), global positioning satellite than stellar results in
� mdc, spare paris for 33 bel� given acc;ordiwg to a recently released ms�a-l's
to .�. fJ¥ec the past seven ye;m;, m&ehine guns, report writton in 1994. "AItboIlgb the P� has
� rifles, � ammunition, flame significantly expanded _�on
� gII!I .ma!lb"night iIIieks, 1Mfinms, mid rations. ofcoceine smugglers, this eJIproaded�has_e
with a hefty price 1:o �1be<fIow of
� lII:toS pmpose, A June 19% report cocaine onto the report ooncludes,
rr- U,S, Con�l ",*l:n!og, !be General
AnIID!!IiIitl�g Offfil).e (GAG), ofl'em that the "The portion of the federnl luiget_ked for
M.eJrica w;.ed lII:toS mesnt for drug milila£)' surveillance lIlIS i:jIIedmpted dming!hepastnve
years, Wit/IOllt m��m:able f!$� o:nesulltsil[}snowilia!
the increases were The fnet thai cocaine
�DLP1g11:he 1994 uprising in the Mexiesn stale of remains affordable mid readil.y a·�ll:ib
ia lle
says, "severn! U 's,'pfOvide<i States str< s<ug��es:ts nol
� were to mmsport Mes.ican milila£)' pn)QUiCII!g results cmnmemmnl.te
�totlie_flid, _.11 of the according to !he renOIT
��� Mmel:han 15{j�peasanIS
l'llei!\ll, �;in.tbe$e report, entitled But the U,S. is thesmveillance
"��,:���mMexiro,"!beGAO information to use. In there is.plemyofevidence
��li!ftliew-e forthismlo !be U,s. govemment that the Pentagon to iaiervene in
�iI:�,cOOllived in !be mue, Mexico in the lts-"yst&have
drafted worst-case scenarios. hi a year which
"The (in Mexico relies heavily 00 eooed with collapse canl:!mc)" a
! J"iy r'�n('rts submitted the Mexican Pentsgon briefing �: ��!beF�
�_ typieaily coosiet4f a map of specific of InformJl.tion Act,it was that a
Q�� ' U,S, �l�e iiltle way of deploymentofV.S, troopll; to�'O wooId:'be�ved
lmO!lll:ing iftlie beliooptorsare being properly used for favorably ifthe MexiClIll g!)Ve;mmtent _reil:o,emmoot
cOlmteHl!Il'l:otics pwposeIH.;: arebeing mued," says the threai ofheing overthro_lilHul:Slitof:�
!be GAO report. economic and social cbsos. In a -w
. , !be
intelligence and probllbly
LasI _, !be uprisiug by !be Popwar Revollilitlnary cooperate with U .S. fcn::es ill iaentify
in Onem::ro Stale prompted lames Jooes,
� threats to Mexico's
thel,!,!>, AmMsswlorto Mexiromld formerly president
of!be Y 01'11: Stock Exchmge, to declare publicly As outgoing Defense Se;;;retary WiUiaJm PeHjI put it in
at'll; �Irer 9 teloiIDmmmaic<Wons conference in 11 speech in Octooor stability
Umcma the United Staies _ wining to provide and our desitmj,os are indj�oiUDly linked."
����.adRiningtoMexioo Cecelia Rodri!!l1'lZ.. sp"keswomm1Lior !be.�!IIisl:as in
to the. fight the mbels. the United sums it up "U$.'pi'Ovided
helicopters have been in the b:Y'theMes.ican
"Wlmte'I1a need, " Jones said, "we will certainly milila£)' 10 attock lll1arme..d Mes.ican
snpport" �.Il:dded ll.�n: "'Tbe Unl.led Stotos armed forces have been rights
has�� Im£king rightwing mililias, which monitors di�nces, k� mId
of �t I.Wl to Mexico, armed militias, rape, Nonetheless, she
{the BRf'} has weapons mooitions ca�oabiliti':s. equipment mid been lII1d
TetlrorirtI�OllPS opemto mUllh the same Wl over," time agaln, Under the guisc {Iffiguiing timg:mm::keJr5,
Ihe V.S, has oo.l,sto%:ed�m amJ.det!rrocmtic
The war.OO become a higb�profi!e mi.!lilairy
�. llatoIally
� to wt€,ni�;em:e �. I'edernl Burean

lmd ooe �f its llIq� fon::agn aJUc•." written inLer

wMss. the �c:y. acltivcly Servic.e Eng:!ish News l4, 1997,
been �edited.,l

Poge lS
half the Cl A laC/ses!;e made war on his rivals as wl:1I as
tbe drug
lalest NameBase baron ill the process� pllayed
1997] has an :UTmslng aescriloliclfI of /he arrival of the in the rise ofthe Taliban eXlrenl'S! Islamic group
Director of the School in the South which now IS lIo,err!" Bu! Washiqgton
Central neighbomd1Otxl wants relations with the pla�yers in Afgha,l�listan
m a cover, because oflpm'po,sed me! \tllnllion doUar natural and
teams swanned over the that was his oil pipel!lle pl'oiects �
der;tinan()n,and clDZ",IIS who tamed hClliI him
CIA in crack�cocaine were witb
a metal de1ector� Is Oelltch or does he have a
very real I.InI\enlwldi!lg BC�SS AT I.I"U\I"'II.!!::

£loon! the of John Deurch is after

rest of NameBase article isn'! two years ill the
apl:Xlilll<Id to tbe agellcy Of! its fcel
hut the exposure
ulld:emllnExlhis POS:.i1iclll
ANOTHER 1!lIVllwl!; year
Just al tbe time Ames was
[llUTleS ofthe CIA's
fOil! YC"''':>, anD"""!!!!
another Wll,S begirming a canA6r liS
commentators say that the CIA does not hhn�
secrets §llIesman� was a branch chief
SpineI}' A,(onlinf! H",'rl1l1 [5 l' erlrualrv'� reported
in CIA ro"nter�lanurism � possiibly
COfllmnatlOl1 hea'nn�gs were e,�;pecll,d to he
"'""pu"",om!> have branded Mr a closet
Bucharest and wc,wld
!eft�,,(iw£er [!!!] and a work as
LUlnp'Qf when he trnrln'" secrets witb
NSA he , The
the Russians in 994� He IE!er worked as an instructor
boss will he the sixth in the last !en years.
In Lake has from
contention� )


Atomic Scien,tisls I >lan�b�b l997l
CIA has of
fOllr pel�ce'lt of its records the twent:y five

Order 1 2958"�

Acemoirtg to an exoollem
Action O�rar!terl!v
rehels between Soviet In Time Ma�galmlc [3
1 979 and their wtthcl.!1rwai len years !a!er� But the US eXIDcr!s believe the CIA Llsed a Van Eck dev ice to
had to in rhe CUUWllV "" " ;1'" !1lOn.tlJs Gal,tlllre [nok� A idrich l%.rnes. The device for
the Soviet ImlaS10!L 15 same scenarw a few t.housand 15 to up tiny
as ID nOEl"'''' where John Stock_I! rel'eale<i the AI"ehTmic cm j�SSl�Onr from a screen SO an
of CIA. sui}v<:rsi.oll fiom I. 97 5 thal ,�;l",,>n'Ar up to two away can on
says thal YOllr Given that Ames was a lost
rhe CIA investment heroin classified documents
producllnll lll1d thet CGu,�!d £IOt IXlSl;ibly "tlsta!ll, the boojg!ed mU't"""'" >l1<,,,,U
their emlnl1y b'reol�dulg )?;IUlUlti for have heell ended much sooner with a
and terrorisrn. wlrrlllrd than and. C;()fl1mon sense.

arrest saying it represelltea the term.tutioo of a
WHERE HAVE WE HEARD significant threat to US security. He took the
opportwl.ity to pomt on! "at least23 foreiga.iateUigence

THIS BEFORE? organisations Were targetmg the USMd its ecooomic

ADiIl-MlIil.� fu:lm a Trood �Jl in Norwa.y, infrastructure". [Christchurcb Press, 20 Md 2 J
fOf'!Mllded w PR, shows lDat polWcal.a.ctivists in that December 1 996] He aeeded to say somethi11g to keep
� _ve �y the _ pwb1ems lDat we have the FBI budgets up.
heI;e. in New lakmd A"(\reson writes: "For a year
� theI:e hIIs been _Ay It � p rocess of
se!lllda!�..g the NorwegiIm Secret Police, since
;u;�llyapiibliccommissimtdisclosDi �n DiSINFORMATION
_� . ejlanee o f the whoJe of the NorwegiIm left Recently material from Damiel Brarult (NarneBase
" Ilem the ooe,ootthe � since WW2 until editor) has been passed on to Peace Researcher,
�. Oml1= l1;ffmm the leftis_ for people who revisiting the proposition that intelligence operatives
ha11e Ilem � itlegal � to get access to and/or right wing financisJ interests in the us instigated
theirown �withthesecret:polioe. This demand has a disinformation campaiga to weaken altacks on
��Ily the gov� _ ifthese files are Clinton's finamcial dealings. Bnmdt q!Wtes a 1993
i�·since theybave Ilem aeaIaI in breach of rules source wherein one Oswaid Le Wimtor (alias Lee
��� polWcal adivismdoesootqualify Wmter Oswald) explsins on camera wayhe l!IXePted
for�." $US 1 00,000 to plant disinformatmn co_iog the
October Surprise scandal. (October Surpriseis the title
AND NOW A MOLE ·IN THE of a book about an alleged deal betwem Reagan's
supporters and the Ayatollah Khomeini tolltall relesse
FBI ofUS hostages in Iran until afterthe 1930 USelection.)
In recent years two high-level CIA officers have beem Le Wmter claims to have met with foor unidentified
discovered.sdlingtop secret inlmnatioo to Rnssia Now members of the US intelligence cOfllmUOity who
the FBI finds illlelf part of the game. Last December wanted a disinformation campaigll to try and avert
an FBI counter-inteUigmce agent was arrested and another Watergate. A Brand! articie written in
cha:rgedwitb spying for Mosoow. Edwin Pitts is believed September 1 995 focusses on stories discrediting Vince
to have Ilem paid more than $300,000 for passmg 00 F osier who is accused ofbeing a spy for Israel in order
mformatmn 00 FBI agents, defence docnmmts, and to further discredit criticisms of Climton and the
suggestions for strategies lDat would enable Russiam Whitewater affairs. While analysing Ibis is detail,
s�mg to be more effective. Most·ofthe material was Brandt also makes some useful suggestioos onohow 10
passed over between 1 987 and 1992. Director of the avoid becoming victims of such dismformation
FBI, Louis Freeh has put the hest possible spin on the campaigns. These include lookiag ood at.tbe motives

About Peace Researcher

Peace ReselUcker is published quarterly by the Anti-Bases campaign, Christclll.lrch. The are
Warren Tbomson and Bob Leonard. Our joumal covers a range of peace issues with emphasis on f"reign
military bases and intelligence topics. Contributed articles will be considered for publication based on
subject matter and space requirements. We are particularly interested in reports of original r_ch on
peace topics in Aotearoo Md the wider regioo of Australasia and the Pacific. Our address is:

Peace Rnetucher
1'.0. Box 2258
Aotem"ooI New Zealand

Page 17
su;s;pici,OllS of and MI5 of the Communist Party of Great
seem to know too Briltailn_ Lobster refers to securityrervice operations in
. \Ul1!illfe!IJ� On that SOIL"'S '-:Cl�In,n beoallse Norway and the to damage the respective
prohably does harm than communis! parties there. One theme amongst this
prinwJga:ha�f-l:,akI:d C(JllSflira{;y theorv: and value historical IS the pattern of security services
cooperation with labour party groups to control or
to be sllocessflll. discredit their left wingers - for instance, Gaitskell's
attempt to damage members of his party' s left wing

well documented in McKnight's "Australia '$ Spies and
widespread operations in Austrnlia are

An int_stlllg article on the of an

their . We should also bring to mind former
intl:Ili€�:ru�. cov!�r-�'p ill the 1984 shootlllg of a British
New Zealand Presidents of the Federation of Labour
police "ffj:ceT emioas:,y III LOlaaO'll,
reporting more leftist colleagues.) Lobster says
ilK:!u,:Ies evidence
Ml5 d i d no! cooperate with t h e British
of an MI5 attempt own minister_ "The
Parliamentary bosses for their own
Home ,se<:lret"'Y, Bri:ttsl�_ was so UllrlaPl'y
reasons: they wanted to retaio the services oflefl wing
MPs who were their agents, and it was useful
for them to be able to report contsots oflefl wing MPs
with Soviet officials to justify their own existence. In
some cases when MPs reported an approach by eastern
bloc MI5 later used these as evidence of
eontsots with foreign intelligenoe. Tbe same artiole tells
us that ill 1994 one of the founders and leaders of
Canada's fastesl growing fascist group was sbown to
MORE be a fulltime salaried agent of ilie Canadian Security
Intelligence Service. The inquiry only
showed the weakness of Canada's vaunted oversight

to or dil5ler�;dit them. As well as to system - which Lobster says eohoes tbe failure of

FBI !Il2lnill'tltiaJtion in the Anlenoan Communist Party watchdog in the UK.


The Nuclear Free Association is promoting the visit to New Zealand of Sam Day, a former
editor ofilie Bulletin a/The Atomic and Managing Editor of The Progressive. Day has.served
several gaol terms for non-violent dioobedience at US military and nuclear weapons facilities. He is
coming to in June to speak about Mordeehai VllIlUnu - the Israeli in his tenth year of solitary
confinement Moasad and tried for revealing Israel's secret nuclear weapons
programm e.
1 8541 for more details.

�- - - ----------------------------------
1"che is the would lilre tojoin
form ABC members receive Peace Researcher. Membership/subscription $2il peryear.
Send to: Peace,;rrc!ler, P.O. Box NZ note the rise in suhscription mIe.)


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