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PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM KIMIA

1. Antara yang berikut, manakah bukan elektrolit?


Which of the following is not an electrolyte?
A Leburan glukosa
Molten glucose
B Akueus ammonia
Aqueous ammonia
C Leburan plumbum (II) bromida
Molten lead (II) bromide
D Leburan kalium iodida
Molten potassium iodide
2. Formula bagi ion sulfat ialah SO42-. Apakah formula kimia bagi plumbum(II) sulfat?
The formula for a sulphate ion is SO42-. What is the chemical formula of lead (II) sulphate?
A Pb(SO4)2
B Pb2 SO4
C PbSO4
D Pb2 (SO4)2
3. Antara bahan berikut, yang manakh boleh mengkonduksikan elektrik dalam keadaan leburan?
Which of the following substances can conduct electricity in molten?
A Plumbum(II) bromida
Lead (II) bromide
B Acetamida
Acetamide
C Tetraklorometana
Tetrakloromethane
D Naftalena
Naphthalene
4

Namakan proses penyediaan sabun.


Name the process of soap preparation.
A Pendehidratan
Dehydration
B Pengsulfonan
Sulphonation
C Saponifikasi
Saponification
DPempolimeran
Polymerisation

5. Zarah yang manakah menyebabkan larutan ammonia akues memperlihatkan sifat-sifat


alkali?
Which particle causes an aqueous solution of ammonia to exhibit alkaline properties?
A
H3O+
B
OHC
NH4+
B
NH3
6.

Manakah formula molekul bagi hidrokarbon tak tepu?


Which of the molecular formula is unsaturated hydrocarbon?
A
B
C
D

C3H6
C4H10
C5H12
C6H14

7. Berapa kalikah satu atom sulfur lebih berat daripada satu atom helium?
How many times does one atom of sulphur heavier than one atom of helium?
[Jisim atom relatif: He, 4; S, 32] [Relative atomic mass: He, 4; S, 32]
A
B
C 4
D 8
8. Unsur Y didapati dalam Kumpulan 15 dan Kala 3. Apakah susunan elektron bagi unsur Y?
An element Y is found in Group 15 and Period 3. What is the electron configuration of element
Y?
A 2.5
B 2.8.3
C 2.8.5
D 2.8.7
9. Antara pasangan unsur yang berikut, manakah membentuk satu sebatian kovalen?
Which of the following pairs of elements form a covalent compound?
A Kalium dan klorin
Potassium and chlorine
B Magnesium dan fluorin
Magnesium and fluorine
C Nitrogen dan fluorin
Nitrogen and fluorine
D Aluminium dan oksigen
Aluminium and oxygen

10

Yang manakah di antara berikut merupakan proses redoks?


Which of the following is a redox process?
A
B
C
D

11

NaOH + HCl NaCl + H2O


CH3COOH +C2H5OH CH3COOC2H5 + H2O
2Mg + O2 2MgO
Pb(NO3)2 + 2KCl PbCl2 + 2KNO3

Formula struktur bagi molekul P dan Q ditunjukkan dalam rajah berikut.


The structure of molecules P and Q are shown below.

Yang manakah di antara berikut boleh bertindak balas dengan P untuk


menghasilkan Q?
Which of the following can react with P to produce Q?
A
B
C
D

12

Air bromin
Bromine water
Stim dan asid fosforik
Steam and phosphoric acid
Asid sulfurik pekat
Concentrated sulphuric acid
Larutan kalium manganat(VII) berasid
Acidified potassium manganate(VII) solution

Suatu larutan garam Y yang tidak berwarna telah disediakan melalui tindak balas
bahan J dan asid sulfurik 1.0 mol dm-3. Apakah garam Y?
Salt solution Y, which is colourless, was prepared by reacting substance J with
sulphuric acid 1.0 mol dm-3. What is salt Y?
A
B
C
D

Kalsium sulfat
Calcium sulphate
Kuprum(II) sulfat
Copper(II) sulphate
Plumbum(II) sulfat
Lead(II) sulphate
Zink sulfat
Zinc sulphate

13.

Manakah di antara yang berikut adalah bukan sifat kimia asid ?


Which of the following is not a chemical property of acids?

Asid bertindak balas dengan karbonat menghasilkan garam, karbon dioksida dan air.
Acid reacts with carbonate to produce salt, carbon dioxide and water.
Asid bertindak balas dengan logam reaktif menghasilkan garam dan air.
Acid reacts with reactive metal to produce salt and water.
Asid bertindak balas dengan oksida logam menghasilkan garam dan air
Acid reacts with metal oxide to produce salt and water
Asid bertindak balas dengan alkali menghasilkan garam dan air.
Acid reacts with alkali to produce salt and water.

B
C
D

14.

Manakah di antara garam berikut yang disediakan melalui kaedah pemendakan ?


Which of the following salts is prepared through precipitation method ?

Plumbum (II) karbonat


Lead (II) carbonate
Ammonium klorida
Ammonium chloride
Kalium karbonat
Potassium carbonate
Barium klorida
Barium chloride

B
C
D

15.

Apakah formula am bagi suatu alkana ?


What is the general formula for an alkane?

A
B
C
D

CnH2n
CnH2n+2
CnH2n+1OH
CnH2n+1COOH

16.

G
Karbon X
Carbon X

Karbon Y
Carbon Y

Larutan ferum
kalium(II)
iodida
Larutan
sulfat
Potassium
iodide
solution
Iron (II) sulphate solution

Larutan kalium manganat


(VII) barasid
Acidified potassium
manganate(VII) solution

Asid sulfurik cair


Dilute sulphuric acid

Rajah 1 di atas menunjukkan susunan radas satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji tindakbalas
redoks berdasarkan pemindahan elektron pada satu jarak.
Diagram 1 above shows the set of apparatus of an experiment to investigate the redox
reaction in terms of the electron transfer at a distance.
Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar tentang eksperimen itu?
Which of the following statements is true about the experiment?
A
B
C
D

17.
A
B
C
D

18.

Ion iodida bertindak sebagai agen penurunan


Iodide ion is the reducing agent
Nombor pengoksidaan iodin menurun dari 0 ke -1
Oxidation number of iodine decreases from 0 to -1
Nombor pengoksidaan mangan bertambah dari +2 ke +7
Oxidation number of manganese increases from +2 to +7
Elektron mengalir dari larutan kalium iodida ke larutan kalium mangnanat(VII)
berasid melalui asid sulfurik
Electrons flow from potassium iodide solution to acidified potassium manganate (VII)
through sulphuric acid
Antara berikut yang manakah funsi ubat jenis analgesik ?
Which of the following is the function of an analgesic?
Melegakan rasa sakit
To relieve pain
Merawat penyakit asma
To treat asthma
Membunuh bakteria
To destroy bacteria
Menenagkan emosi pesakit
To calm down the emotion of the patient
Suatu tindak balas di antara serbuk magnesium dan 50 cm3 asid hidroklorik cair
0.5 mol dm-3 telah dijalankan di dalam cawan polistirena.
A chemical reaction was carried out between 50 cm3 dilute hydrochloric acid
0.5 mol dm-3 and magnesium powder.
Berdasarkan tindak balas tersebut, antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar?
Based on the reaction above, which of the following statements is true?

A
B
C
D

Tindakbalas adalah endotermik


The reaction is endothermic
Nilai H dalam tindak balas ini adalah positif
The H value in the reaction is positive
Suhu meningkat semasa tindakbalas berlaku
Temperature increase during the reaction
Kandungan tenaga hasil tindakbalas lebih tinggi daripada kandungan tenaga bahan
tindakbalas
The energy content of the products of reaction is higher than that of the reactionts

19.

Jadual menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur X dan Y.


Table shows the proton numbers of elements X and Y.
Unsur
Element

Nombor proton
Proton number

12

20
Table 2/Jadual 2

Antara yang berikut, penyataan yang manakah adalah benar tentang unsur X dan Y?
Which statements about elements X and Y are correct?
I

Atom - atom bagi unsur X dan Y mempunyai 2 elektron valens.


The atoms of elements X and Y have 2 valence electrons.
II Unsur Y adalah lebih reaktif berbanding dengan unsur X.
Element Y is more reactive than element X.
III Atom bagi unsur X mempunyai saiz atom yang lebih besar berbanding dengan atom bagi
unsur Y.
The atom of element X has a bigger atomic size than the atom of element Y.
IV Unsur X dan Y berada dalam kala yang sama dalam Jadual Berkala.
Elements X and Y are in the same group of the Periodic Table.
A I dan II
I and II
B I dan IV
I and IV
C I, II and IV
I, II dan IV
D I, II, III and IV
I, II, III dan IV
20. Apakah kelebihan detergen berbanding sabun?
What is the advantage of detergents over soap?

A
B
C
D

Berkesan dalam air lembut dan air liat.


There are effective in soft water and hard water.
Boleh digunakan untuk mencuci semua bahan
They can cleans all materials.
Terbiodegradasi.
They are biodegradable.
Membentuk kekat dalam air berasid.
They forms a scum in acidic water.

21. Unsur P tidak bertindak balas dengan sebarang unsur. Antara yang berikut, manakah
struktur elektron yang mungkin bagi P?
Element P does not react with any element. Which of the following is a possible electronic
structure for P?

22.

Antara yang berikut, yang manakah proses pengoksidaan?


Which of the following is an oxidation process?
A
Karbon dioksida kehilangan oksigen
Carbon dioxide loses oxygen
B
Satu atom bromin menerima satu elektron
A bromine atom gains an electrone
C
Satu molekul klorin menerima hidrogen
A chlorine molecule gains hydrogen
D
Satu atom natrium kehilangan satu electron
A sodium atom loses an electron

23.

Berapakah nombor pengoksidaan bagi unsur kromium dalam kalium dikromat(VI) ,


K2Cr2O7?
What is the oxidation number of the chromium element in potassium dichromate(VI) ,
K2Cr2O7?
A
+2
B
+3
C
+5
D
+6

24.

Pasangan logam yang manakah menghasilkan voltan tertinggi dalam sebuah sel voltan.
Which pair of metals produces the highest voltage in a voltaic cell?
A
B
C
D

Stanum ferum
Tin iron
Kuprum zink
Copper zinc
Argentum Magnesium
Silver magnesium
Zink aluminium
Zinc aluminium

25.

Persamaan termokimia berikut menunjukkan tindak balas penyesaran.


Berdasarkan persamaan itu, pernyataan manakah yang betul?
The following thermochemical equation shows a displacement reaction.
Based on the equation , which statement is correct?
Zn + Cu2+
A
B
C
D

26.

Zn2+ + Cu

H = - 210 kJmol -1

Tindak balas adalah endotermik


The reaction is endothermic
Tenaga pengaktifan ialah 210 kJmol-1
The activation energy is 210 kJmol-1
Suhu campuran meningkat
The temperature of the mixture increase
Jumlah tenaga bahan tindak balas adalah lebih rendah daripada hasil tindak balas.
The total energy of the reactants is lower than the product.

Apabila but-2-ene digoncang dengan air bromin , warna perang air bromin
dinyahwarnakan . Apakah hasil bagi tindak balas ini?
When but-2-ena is shaken with bromine water, the brown bromine water is
decolourised. What is the product of this reaction?
A
B
C
D

1,2-dibromobutena
1,2-dibromobutene
2,3-dibromobutena
2,3-dibromobutene
1,2-dibromobutana
1,2-dibromobutane
2,3-dibromobutana
2,3-dibromobutane

27. Antara yang berikut, manakah benar tentang zarah-zarah yang hadir dalam pepejal dan leburan
natrium klorida?
Which of the following is true about the particles present in solid and molten sodium chloride?
A Kedua-dua pepejal dan leburan natrium klorida mengandungi ion-ion.
Both solid and molten sodium chloride contain ions.
B Pepejal natrium klorida mengandungi atom manakala leburan natrium klorida
mengandungi ion.
Solid sodium chloride contains atoms while molten sodium chloride contains ions.
C Pepejal natrium klorida mengandungi molekul manakala leburan natrium klorida
mengandungi ion.
Solid sodium chloride contains molecules while molten sodium chloride contains ions.
D Pepejal natrium klorida mengandungi atom manakala leburan natrium klorida
mengandungi molekul.
Solid sodium chloride contains atoms while molten sodium chloride contains molecules.

28. Rajah 2 menunjukkan satu sel kimia.


Diagram 2 shows a chemical cell.

Rajah 2
Diagram 2
Apakah tindak balas kimia yang betul yang mengambil bahagian di terminal positif dalam sel
kimia?
What is the correct chemical reaction that takes place in the positive terminal of the chemical
cell?
A
B
C
D

Zn2+ + 2e Zn
Zn Zn2+ + 2e
Ag+ + e Ag
Ag Ag+ + e

29. Berikut menunjukkan persamaan setengah bagi satu tindak balas.


Below is the half equation of a reaction.

Berdasarkan persamaan di atas, apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan tindak balas pengoksidaan?
What is meant by oxidation reaction based on the equation?
A Elektron diterima oleh zink.
Electrons are received by zinc.
B Elektron diderma oleh zink.
Electrons are donated by zinc.
C Elektron diterima oleh ion zink.
Electrons are received by zinc ions.
D Elektron diderma oleh ion zink.
Electrons are donated by zinc ions.

30. Antara padanan yang berikut, manakah tidak benar tentang kesan mangkin?
Which of the following matches regarding the effect of catalyst is not true?

Tindak balas tanpa


mangkin
Reaction
without catalyst

Tindak balas
dengan mangkin
Reaction
with catalyst

Kadar tindak balas


Rate of reaction

Lebih lambat
Slower

Lebih cepat
Faster

Daya perlanggaran
Force of collision

Sama
Similar

Sama
Similar

Tenaga pengaktifan
Activation energy

Lebih rendah
Less

Lebih tinggi
More

Frekuensi perlanggaran berkesan


Frequency of effective collision

Less
Kurang

More
Lebih

31. Antara bahan di bawah, manakah dipadankan dengan jisim molekul relatif yang betul?
Which of the substances below is matched with the correct relative molecular mass?
[Jisim atom relatif: H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; Na, 23; S, 32; Cl, 35.5; K, 39; Cr, 52; Ba, 137]
[Relative atomic mass: H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; Na, 23; S, 32; Cl, 35.5; K, 39; Cr, 52; Ba, 137]

A
B
C
D

Bahan
Substance

Jisim molekul relatif


Relative molecular mass

BaCl2.2H2O

244

Na2S2O3.5H2O

185

C3H7COOH

81

K2Cr2O7

292

32.Antara persamaan yang berikut, manakah mewakili persamaan setengah bagi tindak balas yang
berlaku di anod dalam sel kimia yang mengandungi elektrod zink dan elektrod kuprum?
Which of the following equations represents the half equation for the reaction that occurs at
the anode of a chemical cell which contains zinc and copper electrodes?
A Cu (p) Cu2+ (ak) + 2e
Cu (s) Cu2+ (aq) + 2e
B 2H+ (ak) + 2e H2 (g)
2H+ (aq) + 2e H2 (g)
C Zn (p) Zn2+ (ak) + 2e
Zn (s) Zn2+ (aq) + 2e
D Zn2+ (ak) + 2e Zn (p)
Zn2+ (aq) + 2e Zn (s)
33. Jadual 2 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur X dan Y.
Table 2 shows the proton number of elements X and Y.

Unsur
Element

Nombor proton
Proton number

11

19
Table 2 Jadual 2

Antara pernyataan yang berikut, manakah benar?


Which of the following statements are true?
I Kedua-dua X dan Y berada dalam kumpulan sama.
Both X and Y are in the same group.
II X lebih reaktif daripada Y.
X is more reactive than Y.
III Kedua-dua X dan Y mengalirkan elektrik.
Both X and Y can conduct electricity.
IV Y lebih tumpat daripada X.
Y is more denser than X.
A I, II dan III sahaja
I, II and III only
B I, II dan IV sahaja
I, II and IV only
C I, III dan IV sahaja
I, III and IV only
D II, III dan IV sahaja
II, III and IV only

34.

Atom klorin dan ion klorida


A chlorine atom and a chloride ion
I Adalah isotop
Are isotopes
II Mempunyai bilangan proton yang sama
Have the same number of protons
III Mempunyai bilangan elektron yang sama
Have the same number of electrons
IV Mempunyai bilangan neutron yang sama
Have the same number of neutrons
A

II only
II sahaja
B II and IV
II dan IV
C I, II and IV
I, II dan IV
D II, III and IV
II, III dan IV
35.

Rajah 3 menunjukkan suatu sel voltan


Diagram 3 shows a voltaic cell

Plat zink
Zinc plate
Larutan zink nitrat
Zinc nitrate
Pasu solution
beliang

Plat argentum
Silver plate
Larutan argentum nitrat
Argentum nitrate solution

Porous pot
Rajah 3/ Diagram 3
Fungsi pasu berliang adalah untuk membenarkan pengaliran
The function of the porous pot is to allow of
A. Ion-ion
Ions
B. Atom-atom
Atoms
C. protons
proton-proton
D. electrons
elektron-elektron

36. Magnesium oksida berlebihan bertindakbalas dengan 20 cm3 0.5 moldm-3 larutan asid
nitric. Apakah jisim maksium garam yang terhasil?
Excess magnesium oxide is reacted with 20 cm3 0f 0.5 moldm-3 nitric acid solution. What is
the maximum mass of the salt formed?
[Jisim atom relatif: N = 14, O=16, Mg = 24]
[Relative atomic mass: N=14, =16, Mg=24]
A.
B.
C.
D.

0.43g
0.74g
0.86g
1.48g

37. Jisim molekul relatif bagi satu logam sulfat, XSO4 ialah 136. Berapakah jisim atom relatif bagi logam X?
[Jisim atom relatif: O=16; S=32]
The relative molecular mass of a metal sulphate, XSO4 is 136. What is the relative atomic
mass of metal X?
[Relative atomic mass: O, 16; S, 32]
A 23
B 32
C 40
D 64
38. Pembakaran karbon dengan oksigen berlebihan akan menghasilkan karbon dioksida. 40 cm3
gas dihasilkan selepas tindak balas lengkap dalam masa 2 minit. Apakah purata kadar tindak
balas itu?
The combustion of carbon in excess oxygen produces carbon dioxide. 40 cm3 of gas is
produced after the reaction is completed in 2 minutes. What is the average rate of the
reaction?
A 0.20 cm3 s1
B 0.33 cm3 s1
C 0.66 cm3 s1
D 0.72 cm3 s1
39. Logam T berada dalam Kumpulan 1 dalam Jadual Berkala. Logam T bertindak balas dengan
oksigen untuk membentuk produk V. Apakah formula V?
Metal T is in Group 1 of the Periodic Table. Metal T reacts with oxygen to form product V.
What is the formula of V?
A TO
B TO2
C T2 O
D T2O3

40. Rajah 4 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menyediakan argentum klorida.


Diagram 4 shows the apparatus set-up to prepare silver chloride.

Rajah 4/ Diagram 4
Antara yang berikut, manakah paling sesuai untuk bertindak balas dengan NaCl untuk
menyediakan AgCl?
Which of the following is most suitable to react with NaCl to prepare AgCl?
A Argentum nitrat
Silver nitrate
B Argentum oksida
Silver oxide
C Logam argentum
Silver metal
D Argentum karbonat
Silver carbonate
41. Antara larutan akueus yang berikut, manakah boleh terlarut dalam propanon?
Which of the following can dissolve in propanone?
A Kalsium oksida
Calcium oxide
B Kalium hidroksida
Potassium hydroxide
C Sulfur dioksida
Sulphur dioxide
D Magnesium oksida
Magnesium oxide

42. Rajah 5 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu proses elektrolisis.


Diagram 5 shows an apparatus set-up for an electrolysis process.

Rajah 5/Diagram 5
Apakah yang perlu diubah supaya mendapat gas yang berbeza daripada eksperimen ini?
What need to be changed in order to get different gas from this experiment?
A Gantikan elektrod karbon dengan elektrod kuprum.
Substitute carbon electrodes with copper electrodes.
B Gunakan larutan kuprum (II) klorida yang lebih pekat.
Use a more concentrated copper (II) chloride solution.
C Tukarkan kedudukan bateri.
Change the position of the battery.
D Gantikan elektrod karbon dengan platinum.
Substitute carbon electrodes with platinum.
43. Apabila 3 g butanol dibakar dengan oksigen berlebihan, isi padu karbon dioksida x dihasilkan.
Apakah nilai x?
[Jisim atom relatif = H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; 1 mol gas memenuhi isi padu 24 dm3 pada keadaan
bilik]
When 3 g of butanol is burnt in excess oxygen, x volume of carbon dioxide is produced. What
is the value of x?
[Relative atomic mass = H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; 1 mole of gas occupies a volume of 24 dm3 at
room temperature]
A 3.89 dm3
B 0.16 dm3
C 0.04 dm3
D 2.81 dm3

44. Antara yang berikut, manakah akan menukar kertas litmus merah kepada biru?
Which of the following will change red litmus paper into blue?
A Gas hidrogen.
Hydrogen gas.
B Logam zink.
Zinc metal.
C Sulfur dioksida yang larut dalam air.
Sulphur dioxide dissolved in water.
D Kalium hidroksida yang larut dalam air.
Potassium hydroxide dissolved in water.
45. Kecerunan pada lengkung pada masa tertentu dalam suatu graf kepekatan hasil melawan masa
memberitahu kita maklumat tentang
The gradient of the curve at a given time in a graph of concentration of product against time
tells us the information about
A purata kadar tindak balas
the average rate of the reaction.
B kadar awal tindak balas.
the initial rate of the reaction.
C the constant rate of the reaction.
kadar tindak balas malar.
D the instantaneous rate of the reaction.
kadar tindak balas seketika.
45.Kecerunan pada lengkung pada masa tertentu dalam suatu graf kepekatan hasil melawan masa
memberitahu kita maklumat tentang
The gradient of the curve at a given time in a graph of concentration of product against time
tells us the information about
A purata kadar tindak balas.
the average rate of the reaction.
B kadar awal tindak balas.
the initial rate of the reaction.
C kadar tindak balas malar.
the constant rate of the reaction.
D kadar tindak balas seketika.
the instantaneous rate of the reaction.

46. Antara yang berikut, manakah tidak benar tentang haba penyesaran?
Which of the following is not true about the heat of displacement?
A Haba dibebaskan dalam tindak balas.
Heat is released in the reaction.
B Logam disesarkan daripada larutan garamnya.
Metal is displaced from its salt solution.
C Logam yang disesarkan adalah lebih elektropositif.
The metal to be displaced is more electropositive.
D Suhu larutan akan bertambah.
The temperature of the solution will be increased.

47.
Mg(p) + FeCl2 (ak) MgCl2(ak) + Fe(p)
Mg(s) + FeCl2 (aq) MgCl2(aq) + Fe(s)

H=-y kJ mol-1
H=-y kJ mol-1

Antara pernyataan yang berikut, manakah benar tentang tindak balas di atas?
Which of the following statements about the reaction are true?
I Warna larutan akan berubah dari hijau ke tidak berwarna.
The colour of the solution changes from green to colourless.
II Ferum disesarkan daripada larutan ferum(II) klorida.
Iron is displaced from iron(II) chloride solution.
III Serbuk kuning dihasilkan.
Yellow powder is produced.
IVApabila magnesium bertindak dengan ferum(II) klorida, amaun tenaga y akan selalu
dibebaskan.
y amount of energy is always released when magnesium reacts with iron(II) chloride.
A I dan II sahaja
I and II only
B II dan IV sahaja
II and IV only
C II, III dan IV sahaja
II, III and IV only
D I, II dan IV sahaja
I, II and IV only

48. Berikut menunjukkan persamaan setengah bagi satu tindak balas.


Below is the half equation of a reaction.
Fe2+ (ak) Fe3+(ak) + eFe2+ (aq) Fe3+(aq) + e-

Berdasarkan persamaan di atas, semua bahan berikut dapat menyebabkan perubahan di atas
kecuali
Based on the half equation above, all the substance below can cause this change except
A air klorin
Chlorine water
B asid sulfurik
Sulphuric acid
C air bromin
Bromine water
D larutan kalium dikromat(VI) berasid
acidified potassium dichromate(VI) solution
49. Apabila 1.5 g serbuk magnesium ditambahkan kepada 100 cm3 larutan kuprum(II) sulfat 1.5
mol dm3, suhunya bertambah dari 25 C ke 38 C. Apakah haba penyesaran tindak balas?
[Jisim atom relatif Mg = 24; Muatan haba tentu air = 4.2 J g1 C1]
When 1.5 g of magnesium powder is added to 100 cm3 of 1.5 mol dm3 copper(II) sulphate
solution, the temperature increases from 25 C to 38 C. What is the heat of displacement for
the reaction?
[Relative atomic mass of Mg = 24; Specific heat of water = 4.2 J g1 C1]
A 25.40 kJ mol1
B 36.40 kJ mol1
C 87.40 kJ mol1
D 70.80 kJ mol1
50. Apakah kebaikan detergen berbanding dengan sabun?
What is the advantage of detergent compared to soap?
A Detergen mempunyai banyak jenis bahan tambah.
Detergent has many kinds of additives.
B Detergen tidak bertindak balas dengan Ca2+ untuk membentuk kekat dalam air liat.
Detergent does not react with Ca2+ to form scum in hard water.
C Detergen mempunyai rantai hidrokarbon yang bercabang.
Detergent has branched hydrocarbon chains.
D Detergen menghasilkan buih yang lebih banyak berbanding dengan sabun dalam air lembut.
Detergent produces more foam than the soap in soft water.