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MEHB323 Heat Transfer

Example question on Heat Exchanger

1. Water (cp = 4236 J/kgK) at a rate of 22,750 kg/h is heated from 30 to 100C in a heat
exchanger having two shell passes and eight tube passes with a total surface area of
925 m2. Hot exhaust gases enter the heat exchanger at 300C and exit at 160C.
Determine the overall heat transfer coefficient.
U = 10.85 W/m2K
2. Hot oil (cp,h = 2130 J/kgK) is cooled by water (cp,c = 4180 J/kgK) in a 1-shell-pass
and 8-tube-passes heat exchanger. The tubes are thin-walled and made of copper with
an internal diameter of 1.4 cm. The length of each tube pass in the heat exchanger is 5
m, and the overall heat transfer coefficient is 310 W/m2K. Water flows through the
tube at a rate of 0.2 kg/s, and the oil through the shell at a rate of 0.3 kg/s. The water
and the oil enter at temperatures of 20C and 150C, respectively. Determine the rate of
heat transfer in the heat exchanger and the outlet temperatures of the water and oil.
q = 39.1 kW
Tw,o = 66.8C
Toil,o = 88.8C
3. A shell-and-tube heat exchanger must be designed to heat 2.5 kg/s of water from 15C
to 85C by passing hot engine oil at 160C through the shell side of the exchanger. The
oil is known to provide an average convection coefficient of ho = 400 W/m2K. Ten
(10) thin walled tubes of diameter 25 mm pass the water through the shell.
(a) What is the flow rate of engine oil if it leaves at 100C?
(b) What is the required tube length to accomplish the desired heating?

4. A 2-shell passes and 4-tube passes heat exchanger is used to heat glycerine from 20C
to 60C by hot water, which enters the thin-walled 2 cm diameter tubes at 80C and
leaves at 40C. The total length of the tubes in the heat exchanger is 60 m. The
convection coefficient is 25 W/m2K on the shell side and 160 W/m2K on the water
side, respectively. If Cr = 1.0, determine the rate of heat transfer in the heat exchanger:
(a) Before any fouling occurs.
q = 1086.8 W
(b) After fouling with a fouling factor of 0.0006 m K/W occurs on the outer surfaces
of the tube.
q = 1072.92 W
5. A counter flow double-pipe heat exchanger is used to heat water (cp = 4.18 kJ/kgK)
from 20C to 80C at a rate of 1.2 kg/s. The heating is to be accomplished by geothermal
water (cp = 4.31 kJ/kgK) available at 160C at a mass flow rate of 2 kg/s. The inner
tube is thin-walled and has a diameter of 1.5 cm. If the overall heat transfer coefficient
of the heat exchanger is 640 W/m2K, determine the required length of the heat
exchanger to accomplish the desired heating.
L = 108 m

MEHB323 Heat Transfer

Example question on Heat Exchanger
6. A counter-flow concentric tube heat exchanger for cooling lubricating oil is comprised
of a thin-walled inner tube of 20 mm diameter carrying water and outer tube of 40 mm
diameter carrying the oil. The flow rate of cooling water is 0.2 kg/s while the flow rate
of oil is 0.1 kg/s. The oil and water enter at temperatures of 100C and 30C,
respectively. The average convection heat transfer coefficient of the oil flow is about
61.1 W/m2K. The outlet temperature of the oil is measured to be 60C. The thermophysical properties of oil and water are given in the table below.


cp (J/kgK)


k (W/mK)




80 10-2





700 10-6



(a) Determine the outlet temperature of the water.

(b) Determine the length required for the heat exchanger.

L = 46.14 m

(c) Between counter-flow and parallel flow, which setting is preferred for the heat
exchanger above? Justify your answer.