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21 Army Group OPERATIO II \ II 11-26 Sept 1944 ,
21 Army Group OPERATIO II \ II 11-26 Sept 1944 ,

21 Army Group

OPERATIO

II

21 Army Group OPERATIO II \ II 11-26 Sept 1944 ,
21 Army Group OPERATIO II \ II 11-26 Sept 1944 ,
\
\
21 Army Group OPERATIO II \ II 11-26 Sept 1944 ,
21 Army Group OPERATIO II \ II 11-26 Sept 1944 ,
21 Army Group OPERATIO II \ II 11-26 Sept 1944 ,
21 Army Group OPERATIO II \ II 11-26 Sept 1944 ,

II

11-26 Sept 1944

,

21 Army Group OPERATIO II \ II 11-26 Sept 1944 ,
CJ.P:ERl,.TICN qONTENTS "LAR T I Introd: tory He2,din-' (}.onornl 81 tu tion n.nd sethng Summary of

CJ.P:ERl,.TICN

G1UIDEN"

1

CJ.P:ERl,.TICN qONTENTS "LAR T I Introd: tory He2,din-' (}.onornl 81 tu tion n.nd sethng Summary of

qONTENTS

"LAR T

I

Seetion

Introd:

tory

He2,din-'

1

(}.onornl 81 tu

tion

n.nd sethng

2.

3.

Summary of Second British Army ~tan.

Operation ItMAH

GllRllWll.

..

Kt,~

The Plnnning end preparation ot 30 Corps

for

Oper

Hon

"GARDEN".

~

1-4

1

PaBo

1

2

2-3

3-4

5

CJ.P:ERl,.TICN qONTENTS "LAR T I Introd: tory He2,din-' (}.onornl 81 tu tion n.nd sethng Summary of

4-

5.

6

OUtline of 30 Corps Plun for Operation

ItG'JID]Nll.

Orgnnis

T roi'f'io.

tion for

. ovemen t

of

30 Cot'ps

S unIIlD.ry ot 30 Corps 1.~ ain tene-nee

for opern.ti n "GiJID

"

Plan

tAl

~ppena1x

~di~ ...

to PART

I

Groupine

nd 30 Corps

Order of Be. t tlo

Operetion "Gi.RDEN"

17 September

1944.

5-16

6-11

17-21

1

22-38

13-17

18-19

ppendix IB'

Appendix ' 0'

Allpend1x

D'

&IJpon1.

IE'

Boundaries - .Axis of b.dv8.nco ond D13posltions, etc.

RJ

..

Gds

i\

..

I'JUd

Div Task Table

R uspcd 01) Oper1". t ion "GARDEN n •

Extraot of CEO .30 Corps Signa.l Instruotion.

Oporl.l.ti

G.A.RlJm".

Anaoxurc~ to Pi. T I

.L.nnO~.Ir0 1 to

.-PI

d.ix

'0'

T r~o

issucu in oon.1unotion with RJ;. Guara.,

;J'Il\ourlld Division Tc

..

sk

T£',bles •

2()

21-24­

26-27

28-31

25

••.nno:uLt'e

1

to

nd.ix lEI

l,Ia1n HQ

30

Co

ps '}jr

Cornrnunicl'l. tiona.

bnn0%UI'6

2

to

.'llpendix 'E' JUlnaXW'e 3 to

Appendix

lEt

AmlEM.l;["6

Appendix

4-

to

IE'

Annexure 5 to

AlJl and 4

IE'

\l/r OonvnunioBtiOtl3 Airborne Corps HQ in UK.

T/T Communi oat ions fli'ter Airborne Corps HQ

had. lund

d.

·,7/T Communion-Huns Speoial RA.

Fraquoncy lI1lotment Bri tish l\1rborne Corps.

32

33

3j

34

5

CJ.P:ERl,.TICN qONTENTS "LAR T I Introd: tory He2,din-' (}.onornl 81 tu tion n.nd sethng Summary of
 

"

 

,

v

IQ4l)

)'D f O. f_~~'

)'D f O. f_~~'

..' A R 'f --ll. [~~ Scction 1-4 36 5-66 37-71 67-79 72-74 80-86 75-77 7.
..' A R 'f --ll. [~~ Scction 1-4 36 5-66 37-71 67-79 72-74 80-86 75-77 7.

..'

A R 'f --ll.

[~~

Scction

1-4 36 5-66 37-71 67-79 72-74 80-86 75-77
1-4
36
5-66
37-71
67-79
72-74
80-86
75-77
  • 7. General Situ~:tion on 30 00rps front

17 3c~tecter 1944.

  • 8. t!arre tive

30

C

rp

C:ll.l

e;w~'

..

it....on

of'

OI.;i;;rI: t ion

1 .n.1rborne Corps "L;.RK.~ G.Jilllli"

~l Tr~U'f10 Plon

:.ticn

"},:":.RK.":I'

1.irburnl3

C,Jrps

pW·1.od. 17/26 SeptenbcL' 1941+ ..

of .30 Corp i';U'"i.n~ Opcrf

..

GAl.WEN" •

'.ni

1

3ritish

..

  • 9. Exeoutiun of EoveT:lunt

  • 10. 30 Cor-fls :.:lministrr, tivo

Avpen-Ux

IG'

H,

"·~l'IJiJn:li."( IH I

.rr.:::.n;~e. ·nts.

..' A R 'f --ll. [~~ Scction 1-4 36 5-66 37-71 67-79 72-74 80-86 75-77 7.

·!"m<.ructi',,>n

3<.; Cl.r~,s l,ovcr:j,mt

fur

O]!Cr!:.tiLn "GJ.fJJ~{"

H(~ 30 C()r~s Tr"i'fi:> ~'"nlllJV'JllIcnt C<.mtr')l

78-79

88

09-91

92

93-95

99-103

104-105

lO6-V)7

108-110

111-112

Ors""n iso t"lon.

;,,~~p(;nUx 'J' Tl.)i;lj~r; ~hic'.l ._ E:-.rocir'.tion r:£ thy;_xis of •• ' V':lnC0 '~r. l uf Hive
;,,~~p(;nUx 'J'
Tl.)i;lj~r; ~hic'.l ._
E:-.rocir'.tion
r:£
thy;_xis of
•• ' V':lnC0
'~r. l
uf Hive ["s
';;",",.• L
<In.! NE.U~ i~IJN.

;;PlJonJix 'i.'

!~ in Ext~cts GU;'r'ls Arm0urc 1. DivisiJn

Ol~cra.ti·:m orl~r l.;a.12. 0l'"r'-.tian

"G.:B..:JE2'f"

.'·.r ,unlix

'L' j~"·.in Lxtr':lcts 50 (N) Divisi;JTl Oi~~r~:tion

Ins true tbn r·~ ,.36.

o-."~ ct· tiun 1I(~_JQ!1'~i1.

.i.U,:en:lix

'NI

I:t"in ~xtr. cts

1 "~irburTl0 Ciur;,s

O:·

..

;r"ti/,m

.OrlHr for C ~r;r'1ti :n "1.ot";:K: '?" ..

..' A R 'f --ll. [~~ Scction 1-4 36 5-66 37-71 67-79 72-74 80-86 75-77 7.
..' A R 'f --ll. [~~ Scction 1-4 36 5-66 37-71 67-79 72-74 80-86 75-77 7.
"nnoxur1S _._ - to LJ-LT --- II ... --.
"nnoxur1S
_._
-
to LJ-LT
---
II
...
--.

.' nnlJxure

1

tu

Grt,upin'~ uf l\;,rm[1 ti Jn3

·:\nl un1. ts

fQr

 

....

'nlix

'G' j.h,>v(.1;lt.:nt for Opurnt~()n "G"JU~~"4

 

80-84

i~nll/';:xu[,o 2

t~ T rd'fic.

 

nn 1. I::ovument Con trl.ll

urge-nis r tiun

ppcnlix

'G·'

for O!)""rl'tiLn "G~:

 

with Sketch 'f.'

 
 

':'r: frio Cuntrol COlilr:unic"~ti

ns Not.

85-87

Annoxurm 1 &

Gl,ullin 7 '~nl Or,l.:::r 0f l:nroh GU(1r:ls

.'.rtlJUl''1:l

lA

to :.I!­

n1',"is1un.

Olll~rnt1un "G"

 

96-97

ponJix 'L'

   

:.nnexurc lB

 

Or ll:i~

Jf

1',' ['ch

. 'n

C(.;n t ~0

Line.

Opurr~ ti JH

t":'1 .··.lJIlen:Ux

II /~. '-t'i) 'i"I"

IL'

l'

., 1{ Ir

J.Y

11 113-118 119-122 ',-) 124 . ,' ..... '-l")­
11
113-118
119-122
',-)
124
.
,'
.....
'-l")­
- 1 - INTRODUCTORY OPERATION It};~ GARDEN" 17 - 26 September 1944 1. _ (n) This
- 1 - INTRODUCTORY OPERATION It};~ GARDEN" 17 - 26 September 1944 1. _ (n) This

-

1

-

INTRODUCTORY

- 1 - INTRODUCTORY OPERATION It};~ GARDEN" 17 - 26 September 1944 1. _ (n) This

OPERATION It};~

GARDEN"

17

-

26 September 1944

1. _ (n)
1.
_
(n)

This Opor:ltion oarried out by Second i~,

with 1 British

Airborno Corps \.Dlder command,

wo.s known as "Operation

MARKET GARDEN".

  • (b) fo avo id contu."don the opora tion oarried out by 30 Corps ''13.8 known as It GARDEN" ,

and that

carried out by Airborne

 

Troops as

"MARI<ET".

OBJECT

  • 2. The object of

is roport is

to record and to describe

.30 Corps planning

nnd execution of Operation "GARDEN".

+

LAYOUT AND DISPOSITIONS

  • (a) is

~e report

d.ivided into mREE parts

which oovor

respectively tho plaJUling and preparo.tion, tho execution, and a summo.ry of tho :na.in points of the operation.

  • (b) diBpoai tiona of formations wi thin 30 Corps, prior to

The

tho advance on 17 Septembor, arc shown at Appondix fBt.

MAPS

-

- 1 - INTRODUCTORY OPERATION It};~ GARDEN" 17 - 26 September 1944 1. _ (n) This
  • 4. Unless otherwiso statod,

all map referencos llre

to

1/50,000 maps. +
1/50,000 maps.
+

The report also outlines 'in the NU'r~t1ve the ports that were plnyed by the airborne to:I"llBtions of the Airborne Corps.

-

-

2

­

PAR

I

SECTION

 

1

- - 2 ­ PAR I SECTION 1 1. By· 11 Septc,ber, the Seconu British Army
- - 2 ­ PAR I SECTION 1 1. By· 11 Septc,ber, the Seconu British Army
  • 1. By· 11

Septc,ber,

the Seconu British Army had co.pleted its

quic

advance frO.ll th

R SElNE,

and its

"leading formation

< :re ..

established on,

 

and:w.

n2.11 bridgeheads a ross,

the gOl1vrLl line of

the MEUSE

-

E 'GAUT Cana:

from inclusive GHEEL 0888 to

in

lusive'the

40

Grid lin e.

 
 

uring thL

~ericd, hard fighting

had

ta.lcol

olace against an

enemy'~ 0,

although disorg

is

d:

'lith rearguards mainly composerl

continued

to

offer stiff

rl

SistSlloe

.. .f' infantry supported by Tiger tank

 

and SP guns.

 

Behind t.li

sC'i.'ee:,

he

','ras

attempti g "(;0 orguniso

(It

ive positions l'll30d on

tL:\.; majo':' vater

obstac_c.:> 'thich \!ould

have

to be

thro

a gh the ::EThERIuH VS.

eros

cd

if

Gonti

..

ued

t.'rust by

the; Second.

rel'O

to

bo made

 

Th

:Sri ti

h

L

of

C

"T.'3

no'"

long •

•4!\fTWERP,

J

6896,

h£1.

bee

captu:L'e'

approx.imately 400 miles "ras NOT oper' ti ve,

ut

d

thu full

 

necessary adn 'ni

trativt.: bttlld up . auld only- be E'-Ch.i.OVl;

men thi~ and

other captur~d c~n

.1 ports

be

.t ~T~lableo

Th

m' i tcnanc~ link

of thu

,-,eond .~,

,v,

·rhl.i 'cby

tL~ nt:lce

.:.nry

:ldministrati

v buil

up

.0

ld

be compl ted,

had

ta

b

largely suppl'';!.entcd by road tran

:.;~-:; -~: e

ex.pense

>port

rc;sour

w(; proviclcd

of lifting

f'ighting

83,

hich in

turn

1

t

formation. organising;

A

thi

tnu::;1} ,.0

tirno,

could onl.

bv

i

',10.::;

vital

don':'

:.f' the

to

prl.ven"·

tim~ for

the

the

~ dmini. tr3.tivQ

WW.4Y

build up tor

this

op,-,'

tim

va.,.,

:>ho

t

:med.,

.:.dter card ul con~ideration

it

wa.::;

d0Cidt:J

to

 

tah;

thi:-,

uw Ii. Ii'"

rdivo

risk;

subs que ltly

fully

1

d' tr~ of

t ..1)

::;t l.rt

of

ti: e

W

'"

.justific.:d,

the ~et

opl.:ro.tion

. dv

ced by

six

d· ys,

 

The op0ratio

f,,;

t"ilt:;

the biGgc~t air

orne drop yot

to

be

und r taken

by

o.irborl e

lorma.ti .,

,

n1'1 1

three

corps

of

th

ri tisl

S ocond

'

rrny

rfcn,

to

,dven

12 Corp

u an J. b.::; d(;ployc~l,

\JchL:1o. cd ".Jack,

30 Cor ps

lc~ j n

on

flank.

in

thl

Fo).'

this

centr,

d

8

anel

eac};

reason,

it

can

be

~,u:!.Q t~: t th.; profc"ccl opvr~tion ~;cs unique, 0.

 

althou

it had

 

na.ny :n.ntors

'"n

;

rlC'1 -nth 0 her o!J~~·D.tion ,

thore \'fcr

certa.ir. a",pccto v;rllich'

'L'e

r.ot

~p licabl<.;

to

a.,'1y

oth

:r

type of

operatio •

-

3 ­

SECTIO r

2

sm iARY OF
sm
iARY OF

SECOND o:lITISH lill11Y a':JIf,

OPillU~TION ItM~'.R1CET G."RDEN tl

2.

The

object

of Second ;.rmy,

(

,i l;h

Hoorne forces

under command

after landing), '::as to position itself a trid· the rivers I,L

,W~'ill., and

 

RIJN

in

thd gen-.:r

1

Clr ,0. GRL.VE 6253

-

NIJi.iEGEN 7062 -

E 7575

ld

to

domin

te

the country

to

tho

YORTH as

fnr as

the ZUIDER ZEE,

thereby cutting off co, mtmio Hons bd 'men' GEru.:llNY

and the LOW OUUNTRIES.

T1

SI<S

uF FIu1.NKING Fu

T1 SI<S uF FIu1.NKING Fu nlliBul\NE TRIJuRS

nlliBul\NE TRIJuRS

 
   

3.

The

tD.

S of formation~ 0

crc.ting

un

ur

Sueond ~.rm.y,

in

co

junctiqn.vrith 30 Corps,

vere as follo~~:-

 
 

()

8 Oorps

 
 

8

Oorps,

consisting of 3

British Divi ion,

\'la~ to

:nove up

on

the RIGHT

of 30 Corps

nn,1 curry

out the follO\:ing

tusks:­

( i)

Protect

the

RIG '~r ,,,-,,(1,

r c. l'

of

)0 r.; orps.

 
 

(ii)

On

advance

of 30 Corps," p.cI.,arOf' iv

ly

to

relieve 30 .

 

Corps

of

rc;cpol :

;ibili

iy

for nIGlh' 1'1

.' protection.

 

The above

to bo q-ccoInpli.3hed by c'il.t?turing IfrEERT 5897

~.nd SOERTIN

j'X 4902,

cmd sub:wquentl.· c.>---L(;n ini,; o.s

rar

 

ORTH

M

.' 'UND 5522.

 

(b)

'12 Corps

 

12

Corps,

c~Jn".;.~tiIf!, 0 ..

7 .,rn,ou:eCtl Divi::;.i.on,

4

,oured

Bri

a.dc,

15

(S)

'Ole:'"

tu uontinue

to

OpL;r~to on

the LEFT flank

i\-j 1ion, 01' 30 Corp -,

:md cn.r

y

Ott

the 1'o~lOY ing

til. ks:­

 

(i)

Progrcs~ivcly 'rolievo 30 Corpf> of reopon~i ility

f01'

 

LEFT

fl"nk

prot

tior!

by

apturing ini tio.lly RETHY

1.599 - ~lRENI'O.NCIC 1505

d

TURl\'HliUT 0606.

(ii)

Sub

....

oquontly

to

aQV nac

to

,

ll~'..

~S

m1U

po sibly

beyond.

  • (c) ;.irborn<; Troop.,;

(i)

1

Br.i

i l'borno DiviGion

( '!ith Polish P"r'

huto

Brig de)

und

 

82

U

.~irborn; vi·J.i.sion ",fer

,

opert ti

g

tmdlr Bl'itish ;Lil'bornc Cur!'s. :ccwpectively: ­

 

Their tasks

ure

 

To captUl'~, . tlhJ.t,

bridges

UV0,'

,IDBll RUN

 

t

~.Rj~ m

 

ut:,ll,lirIJ,1,;

tl v

:'"

"'1'0

dillg country.

 

To co.pturc; 'int- ~t.,

"

<.J

bl'i

 

.,:::.;

ovt::l'

th'

R

,I J

..

S

an ~ R

'i ........

l,

in

'. 1'0'\:.

GIl

...

LV E

.

1

,n,l r,..EGm

and

to

 

clomin;dc

thu

intl;L'\ vII ill_

cou

try.

 

(i' )

101

U'

•• i

borne DivLio'l '''': s

t

b w

dro

pG'l unrl

,r

Or

ers

01' Bri ti.,h ;.ir ')'Jrne

Jorp,

in

he

.r,;;iJ. from

 

'xclusivc

 

tCJ i ll;lu",ivc; .ri:nmlJOV

in

aceOr

 

1C0

oIi th

the rcqnil'Cl1K:nt,

of

yJ

Cor L 3.

 

For p arming

pu.rpo:.H.l;';',

101

US

it' b 0):'

u

Di -i 'ion

\

placed. under

C01JlfJand

01

30 Corps.

 
 

• •• /TIll.,;

tusk

 

-

4

­

The

ta

k

of this

formation,

which was

to

co

e under

cowl~nd of 30 Corps

 

on

landing,

was

to

facilitate

 

the

a.dvanc e of

30

Corps

as

far

as

the R M.i'J.S.

Their

function

cO'.lld be de cribed

as

laying down

a carp'et,

in advance,

tc,

seize

and

secure the nodal

points

on

the latter

part

of 30 Corps·

main axis.

 
- ­ ) SIoXiTIUif .3 THE H.u'J'-lfHNG . TIUN OF 30 CORPS £I'QR 0 4. The
-
­
)
SIoXiTIUif .3
THE H.u'J'-lfHNG
. TIUN
OF
30
CORPS
£I'QR
0
4.
The plannjng end
P IJpcrution
for
"C•.RDEN"
by 30 Corps
can be
divided into
three I>ho.ses:­
(
a)
The
C'!sem"bly prior
to
tho .)pera ti O'n
( b)
Thu
break out
( c)
Tho
thru,,,t
tr, contact
th0 ulrbornG forces.
I
( a)
The ~~.
CI bl.v
The ass
:bly and
tho l. arshc
lling
of
tIle
forces
bUlor\.;
tho
opel"
tion
present·
11
umber
of unusual
points
which
re
worth consideration.
The fir.,t
point
,,' D.S
t~at tho
"'SD J:lbly
h::
d
ts.
be
so
flexible
thc
t
the Cor:llJia del' ',muld be
able
t::.o
o<:~ll i'or\1ar
any
body
of troops
~
:,:ight
find n0CC~j ury;
'1'01:1.
tIL0
op(;'cat:i.ona1
point of vicv,
-.!lO",
tho
Gu~
'~
•• rr:lou;:
Divi
,i·n
ho.
Ie
the br0uk through,
The n~turo of the ')p~r' ~ion WD.~ such
that
i
t
never
p
s:.;~ bl
,
l;
pl:.:m
u.pon
~. r'ixed
or
er
of'
J

J

(b)

march fijI' the '/hulo

C 1''9.',

(a:oproxin \tely 2'~\,OOO v~hicles),

and

this nc

cs::3it .tvd

~l v(;ry c,-'.rOlul

uI'.l(;1'

')1"

as

c!11bly,

 

and

1111

cff'iciont

orJDJ1j

. tim,

 

to

c

11

fOr'ii':rrJ

""'

0" p",

of'

 

troops

Cl:::;

tl1e:; .y' ghi;

(} r'3quircd

 

The

...

;econd

point

l:s

tJHlt

tho.; ';/holo

ui'

t.1- ~·Jn(;entr tion in

the

BOURG LEO:FULD

 

area

had

-I.:.

b\

..

til

Ct;'C

-

i.

;~ vory

brief

 

the,

 

thr.>ugh

fjeri.:JtL'1

bottJ.o

 

·t DlL~T :l'

bEERTI'J"CEN

';hich it

 

';,a'

no L llO:J,jiulc

hj

i. provo~

 

Thv third.

_0int ','/us t'rlt

t'l(;

 

o.ture :if the

l)r)cT<:l.'Lions 'IIfJroj

 

kno';m

to

be:

.,Lt

1

tll'l.t

gro1.1 ::. :,")f .adrril!.L.it::-rttiVE;

::nd t0ch.nicul

vehicles

 

hud

tv

affoI'c1\.;

local" r./I;L;cti ~i: in

th

forn

 

of detachment::; ').1.

 

(of ·cn

ive

troop::.;.

 

The

fourth

point '.:r~'; t l 1 ,t t

G eolUl.I,

,,1icll

fr'J I.

the

st

rt

','1"'3

rv

trictc;

tl./

C

;;

Xis,

incIucltil

t·,."

v"ri

1:,r8u

 

nd

very vulnor~.blc gl'OLlp~; -

one

..

0. b -idging

gJ"o.,p,

·,thich in

 

t:rto.in circu.

 

1.1ig1 t IJxt~iI1

 

te,

"OTtle

5,00

vuhiclus,

an

t'ilO

-

t

(J

linistro

..

tivc

t

ilG

01'

tho

r

...

i.rlH)_'

t, f'orccs,

al,our.ting

'1.0

"'lJ.'C

 

2,000

vehicles

 

d

01" :Ieeu

'\i~j' r0quiri

g

a

hig

priori t.y in

th(;

ur 1,.)

of r..m:ch.

 

The Bl"Cnk Qut

 

Tl c terrain to tho NUR~'J of thB brirlr-c c,vur th

 

..

r))

'E

­

ESC ,UT G'ln

1

,t

3596 (,JUE'::l dRD

 

'J),

ll'

1';1 V Ut. tj

.i. ty

of

 

thL:

\;;110.;•.1:\

in

that

 

nr,;D..,

l.l.dc it

 

,lULU'

r.'c.}l.

tll"

:-:[,'.rt

 

t

thc br"ak

out

.,.{r)1.1l i

 

1;0:;

 

1)11l;

1-,1'

;,,/leil Tl\ble

iffi ult./.

Tnq brilLult •.:n.d

,J

.:';

 

.11

.n1

DOl'voi

by

two bri

go::::.

'l'ho,;J.·I.;', ,.a',~ f\.J',1

r,

r,

1;110

C:)lln tn'

t

j

t

1(;

'UHTH

OJ

(l

t;

tIl"':

 

lrulk ~

 

of

tJIL;

 

briJ.g

 

..wily

 

;,roodl3u.

L.n,

v

,1'.1

illlll'

 

Y,

.,\~d·.i. g it

',/011

ni,/] ..

'

J II r ,~f'i' Iu

for

th ...

::.rl. OUr

t:.

c:

::"tf

t.h'J

r;j~ 1".

 

B0

ring

tho

r1tJ

poir t

;

i'l

Vi.tM,

 

thL, Cur

3

C .1't'~·1:!: er

lLre tull

 

tho

t

th\.;

 

':Ls

of

bl'U, k

U1;

 

pIon

;;bOlll'

 

v"ry

1'1(;. vy

arti 1101"

:':>l,'0gl'HJ:":: 0

 

~'lllr)n'L·t ell b ...

 

1.0.;: vy

',:I,VO"

of Ty [lhoon

,

[11

th"\t,

.

1",-.i.

U.'UI

t.iri ~ '.-,eight

J.

llt.t' J.,

the

"rlt our

'\n

infnlltr,r

.J1'

tho

 

(;ll

r

:j

rJ \cure

J.vi:.iioli', (",1

orodc·

 

t·,_,'ll.h "~l!.~ ,~a.-/ I

 

c

vrit 1 1

'.11

nO';Bi,lu

:1.,,1,.)

r - u - SliXJT ION 4­ OUTLINE OF .30 CORPS a FUR 0H:R-_TION I! IrG~·.RDENlI
r
-
u
-
SliXJT ION 4­
OUTLINE OF .30 CORPS
a
FUR 0H:R-_TION
I!
IrG~·.RDENlI
5.
(a)
Intentioo
30 Corps
to
advanc
,
VI
on
or
or
,
'"lad
n.t maximum
speed,
an
to
secure
tr u
area NU1H'ffiBT Z. 6721
-
lliEl.{
E
7~77,
both inclusivo.
(b)
Groupi.11g
and
Or' ar
(if Battle
T .0
0 rd.:r
Df ll'
de
for
30 Corps,
addi ti0nal
-c:C(;up
und<.lr
co ..~nd
of
together ,vith the
their formation,
is
,0 -m a.t ~ • .;i!?dnlii
x
Thu Urc.t:}r
of'
B
ttl€;
for
.irborne
; lL I •
Troops
i··
NIT
;J • .j'.m.
( c)
30 Curps
to
.1D.ci
vancc
Of.
0
0
l!'
in
uxi
,
and for
purt of
t
'-'
"il3.y
DI.
_
",ubsi
iLlry
<.-.xl~ t.:. be
use~
only b)
fighting
troop""
in
.he follo¥dng
general
ord0r:­
Guards ~'.rl.lOllr ".d Division
llcadq artor.;
.[ain .30 Corps
43
Inf~ltry Division
50
(1\-)
Di dsion
The uxis
of
·v· nec
u:::ed by 30 Corps
an
inter corps
til
"00
boun r '
ries,
togl
:th
r
". th
1 British
. irborn
C::.rp
DZs,
an
final
of .30 Corps NORTH of J.RiTHEM,
are
shorm at ~.ppendix 'BI.
lote:
The .h"'posi
ion:::
wi thin
)0
Ci:lrp
,
prior
to
n
the
nJvo.nec
on
of for .lations
upte .ber,
1.'13
also
::;hown
in
thi
••ppcndix •
. 0VEvfENT
6.
30 C urps
was allott,:
·.Ias
to
(Ne
r,n
c
xi",.
i.l though a .:;ubsidiary
A
t.;
route
,
.i. t:li
ot avoi
bCJttle
ockJ
and therefore did not
gi ve
a
COl. pleta
S<.lCCillU. route.
The
abov<;
l.lc~ t
that
D. COlLU1ll1
of
apprr..xLately
20,000
v
J iclo:.;
nJ.
to
pauD
ccrt::l.in
bottlenecks,
on
the
n ain
axis,
at '/hich:.l.
uod traffic
c[Jlltrol organis<. tiun
ul
be
\l
sscntial,
'"
thu
c -,ur
vi:
0
the
battlu \/ould 0
tir(.;ly
,i<.lpend
on
the
flow of vehicles
1 long
tIll.:.;
'-lxis.
in
t
<.l
'1
Vf'.
cc
in
thi
p0rL'.ti;)n 'da.
i. prcsse
on all
rank:
success
Clfi.'Ji~llt tr:Ji'fic c;,)ntrvl orgCJlisntion a.ntl good
,
d
tha.t
the
ke
n"tc:
to
thu
'rr "le
of
'1.)
the operation
'r/"<:'
M

march disci plinu.

Thu

d

to'iled

il

,-.l.ntc.; ti Jl';

.Ii tl

r,-g. rr1

t.)

..

,V' .ll<.nt

tr

1

ic

::>rgnnidnti011

-::.s

(11"

;'t',--l'by tIc; G01'pl;\,

det~il in S~ctio 5 P.rt I.

:on furthv'r

co

ontrol

n

idere

in

TIMING'

7.

 

The

ti.l.li

gf> ';,tl'I';.

;m'<;j

'.l Tf

gctl 'by

30 Corp'"

(;ro

Il

follows:­

(u)

11)'

d' Y

./':lS

t

l.

r','y

on

.

hd~' :-;p r~ ti

l'

"l'u'JUillT"

an

"G

EN"

bego.n.

 

(b)

'HI

hOl:r

,/:.,J

the:

';rlC:

.

t

':hich tl'GOp", tiling

part in

 

oper.:ltion

(',.•tuillT"

'. e

c.

fir

;

tlJ

rop.

 

• •• /'H'

hour

 

- /

­

 

IH'

hjur had bLon fi4 cu pr-visi.:;no.lly for

1300 h-,urs .l.

 

17 Soptei.!

t:r

 

c.n::'

 

thia

',la.,

to

b<.; em fi:t::.:c'.

 

Postponer.lent'"

'I{(ltd i

bL

I':Jl'

p<Jriou,;

:)f 24 hr>Urs.

 
 

( c)

I Zl

n;,ur

" ' ...

,j

t

'.' tiue at ',li'.i.~!1 l

 

,u.i g triJop:.; tu

ing part

 
 

i!

op

rati:.

r

 

f

',1':;

-

_

- 'Y~nc (,;.

 

'.6 1

 

h.,Jur:1

1iko1y

 

teo

be

0

C

:

0

r

aft--:l'

I

i

l

h :our

a

,Dull .•

in

;1.ny

e,

n;:,t

 

.bo

(]'l['lier.

The.:

CXCl.ct

til ,I.;.J

I ~I

 

hour'

',/3.,:3

t,

be nGtil ied

 

later.

 
 

(

)

In

thu mov\%.Iunt in~trLl ti;:,n

ell

 

Gctim~ tul tiL0S for' seri~ls

 
 

to

pas:

...

SF y unL::

 

be

i:1

t(;nu:,;

0!

r;61

 

plUG

58

Uti Y hours.

 
- / ­ IH' hjur had bLon fi4 cu pr-visi.:;no.lly for 1300 h-,urs .l. 17 Soptei.!
 

8.

T

e

1;9.S!cS

of

 

forr, ations

in

30 Oor.')~, 3.S

 

clrdered,

',/i.;re as

 

fullcy,;:;.: ­

 
 

(0.)

Gu<'~',:; ;,rr,our(;J Divisi::>

 
 

Gu'r

s

h.rr,OUl').1

 

Divi"iolJ

'II

,1'

':'

1100,,;

3.t IZ' ~r\.lr

 

t

n

·'nr.l

speed. to

{;trt.:o.

i

1N1

:

"'_ d)

by-pr" ..

,ing

lJ'FLErXXHI

Z 780],

 

\

'11

:lul.inato

he

 

1':;<> fr.Jf.

 

i

clufive N1H' P£1!-;T Z 6721

t')

CXclLlsive

":JlH,KX;ORK •

 

Sklul' bridges

 

t

either

L,R.h.VE,

TIJ!'.

 

(j.E'

or

-,-~Ntill:l h vo

 

been

 

cstl'JY

,Gll rcL

_~r.lour{)d Divif'i::r. ':lillw:1

out

to

the

f'le.nks

ot:

the SOtTTH bank

01'

th

river

"n

 

,

il

C-/Il,jw;2t.:.O t

":ith air­

 

borne

tr-'op.

 

.i.

the.

 

:l.rea,

to.!rv

'\11

~ppr;:,.pri .t"" ,.die; 1 to

 

fD.Oili ta t<;

thl

...

task

.Ii' 43

l:i vLi ~n

 

CJ curry

,mt

bl'i 19.1.ng

 

operation:;.

Thi;:;', ill

it cludu

,1cc,uri

I'

l;ha

1:-.1 Ie

or'

 

tho

 

propo~cd. bridg

:

.31t

 

:ma, if 'po~nibl(], tL I,; ::; cur.i.ng

of

<>

~J.k~ll bridBche~

 
 

(b)

15/19 H G_oup

 
 

'15/19

H

Group

,till

a

 

V[l.l1CC

tu

aruc. ~n:

 

v

ml

tlwro C;)T. e

 

under

op<,;;;:: tional

OJ!:;' an'

':1

506

 

HL,T

 

,,' t.h

&

vi\3\"!

...

nv_

 

in

to

J::cop cloar

30 C0CP~

L,ald.o.xi:::;

Ii'

...

V,I!

 

v:n

t!.~ E

!J)! ovE1J

re

.

 

(

)

44 RTR Group

 
 

4J+ .tITR GroulJ

 

will

[lJ.y ·.nco

t

.r"',:).

 

VJ!XillliL := 1~737

 

'.'.

th ,rl,;

Gu

C

unuer

upe:;.'

ti

Ina 1

oed.'

 

1

501

ROT

·.,ri th

L,

vi, :,,'

t)

no,,;l

ing

 

to

keep cle'"

 

jU COL'!:)v uo.in

axi ...

of

i,.

v'

le .....

1.t'

L1 (; V~'GJI.u

 

va.

 

(d)

SRY Gr

up

 
 

, '.

8RYGroup

\fill

9.1v[i!'1ec

 

to)

a

I.Co

H....v.!':

 

.n 1

til':i_-.J·U

in

:::;uiJport

 
 

of'

tro Jp'-

of

 

c2

US

 

irb.,rt

c

Divi'

 

J

,it!

 

a

vic! ti,

(

 

;

;i·lting

1. hilt' lJivii.ii:in

t.-, kuop

 

led'

Y)

C ,rpr

 

L!I:ti'l

~ 'd,l

'If,

c

in

the GILVE ffi'ul: .•

 
 
- / ­ IH' hjur had bLon fi4 cu pr-visi.:;no.lly for 1300 h-,urs .l. 17 Soptei.!
 
 

43 Divi, ion

 

lill:­

 

i)

_.

aV'LJ\J

1

,:Ill:>

 

Lr

'i,

.1:

) n.:d

I

.j.'.f,_

llll

3UO n:o

 

:)'l'l;

 

fru

it

c _u ..

;j,

vt)

1. '"'11JI-:.I ' 10 1 ":,

....

:

')j

,:u.

: \(Jt11'j

"1. on/!; Lig

 

grom

L

to

'

pO'lli

 

'1

,juTet:lol1

'.J.itl

 

'1

Briti:.

 

,.irbun c

Di

b

ion

i

It·

;

.•r(;'!

I Tl)i.L2.'lt

 

0

.

"

••

 

( ii)

Send u.vt·

h: .l\,,;;nt.,

 

t·,

.j ~('U1'0 J

 

',).

::.~lng'· ,,",VI,;.

R

LJ "'-·al,

 

at

 

J)

'T£R Y. 9107mu

'UTFE1i&-

 

_J

94: 4.

"

 

/( iii)

 

(iii)

-

8

­

'hould bridges

(iv

...

r

either rivers

·i

.....·.S,

WilnL

or

TEDER

RLJN hav; be,.m 3.estroyed,

bc prepared to

assaul t

crossing ~nd bri ging vp<.;ration.

carry

out

an

  • I ~..IR

9~

.

,

(f)

50 (N) Division

 

50

Divi ion vill

c:)nti

ne -"t'

hold

th{:

existing ,bridgehead

 

over the lOOSE

ESC.~TJT Cenal.

 

Thereaft€r

the Division

\'Ii11: ­

 

(i)

Send Qutachments t~, :Jccw.~c a cro[jsing over R LrSSEL

 
 

at DOESBURG E 90tj1.

 
 

(ii)

~dvance whun order

 

nnd 3ecure

high

to

the

 
 

i{ORTH of"

fEl\I,

relieving 43 Division

of part

of

 

their res"')on",ibili ty ,md keeping c~ntact -lith Northern

troops

Crt 1 British ".lrborn

 

Division.

 
 

(iii)

Be

<t

all

l:;ir. cs

;"lvailc.ol

 

as

a Corps

reserve.

 

(g)

101' US Hirborne ivision

 

The

.' in

rdssions y;hich have been assianed

trl

101

U

f.i

borne

Division

on

le.nding a1'(; ohovll1 dia(:>1'ru,:!:'latically at. l~ppendix IB'.

SUPPORT ~."RJ: .NG I .E'fTS

 

The Bre.?,k out

 

(a)

'l~he '(llanning

 

'Jf air

sup~ort proceeded ;In

the:. assur<1ptior, that

duri

~ the ~irbornu drops

the 83 Group curcruft

uupporting

30

Corps

./('

l::l

'ue

 

grounded

t:;

alIa I

the

fighter an

fighter­

bouber escrJrts

tfJ

tll

tn,o -clJ.rrying glider force free pla.y

in: ­

 

(i)

Fighting hQ;:,tile tircr!tft,

 

(ii)

l

ttackine hostile fIc ~ yosi tiuns,

 

since

 

it:

"L~G ·,.prceio.tc1 th

t

the 310\/ Lloving trjop carriers

und

glil

 

",/',,;ul:l p:r'c

sent

I). sitting target

buth from ground

and air.

 

(b)

300n

:3 tl l,; ~rol,' da",

,J'f,o

;r

f\3 Group

 

froe

to

sup ort

 

the dVlll cc of jO Corps.

 

(c)

This ~~Ltj,)port ,"

 

t

_

.:JC

IX).-

eel

.m

a

pru-arrr.nged r\;quirut:lcnt

J

orw

sq It'.drljl~ rlf llP Typ:loonfJ

overy five

::Jin

tc

or

35

T:linut

 

3,

b

ic

cd

t'-I

strlli'e

thl.,; rljt,u NURTH Df

tho

10'

ing

 

troop

,

,.m( t,-, IL f~,llo·.'od by

" ca b-

anlc "

f)f RP Typhoons

I lying JV.r the h",line ar:_ou

cd

clcJ lonts.

 

;.11

th· se

 
 

t

i/l;;l'(;

tl'

bo

C3Dn trollc

 

l:',,~. the

'Jrounu by

I

FU' F

..

 
 

Squadron

+L)' dol'

i

R/T

t"uch

\'ti th

the

pilots

.t'rGII

"

c0ntnct

co.r

f'i

te:d

r.i

..

th

VHF

"less cqu.iJ,~.lcnt.

The

"hole RP

 

Typhoo

 

d

..:ort

(Jr

 

.:U GrtJlq)

w

by this

1.1,'/ll)S

to

l.lO.

e

, v

ilable

at

 

V(;_'y ::lllort c"11

te·

the

locn1 CGl.

allelcr

of'

the

force

 

/hi

h

led

the break out

(-In

its

very nnrroyr front.

(d)

Anoth l' e(Jrlt.~'l.ct 0",1' "/:3.S si tau.

l.l.J

un8si

C COLli.

er

30 Co:::-ps

r:i th

the

riority tns}-

-Jf'

eiving

a

X'eport

fr0 ..

 

Tacticc.l

lh;c'_'ll I:Li.~

.

co ui,r;'cr1.lft

 

on

the

nccuro.cy

Df tho

 

airborno

drop::; J

tll£.

thl.;

 

.mnatlX'· c",uld,

by

r ....f;;,rcnce

to

that inforl.iati\)l)

fix thv

01'0

h Jur

for

the break

out.

 

This car CGuld 0.13"

t

lk

:;

any (,thor Tnctic, 1 il connaissance

aircraf't

'.Ihich i/c

...

l'"

(iver

the

".\r o,;:Cl

..

• •• /( e)

( e)

-

9

­

In addi tiwn

ef art

Qr

t-J tho

P

TYlJ1 oon

uf'fort,

nOrT.lal

fighter

~he

Bj Gr.::)Up W~G aVcil ble 'n th~ role of c~ntinuing,

nf'ter th<.: uir'barnu drop,

tl, ;:~cp

he sky clear.

  • 10. ;.,ft or tlw Break Out

 

(a)

'rho

nor ,0.1 ~.sSU

tont

cle

~ -

"P'"

t

vailD.blc ane.

t

e

 

allot. U1t

 

,f'

tt::

t

cle;:"

(excludin

 

0 conta.ct cars

Ire dy

 

rcfe:crcd

to),

',{/).,:,

 

follmls:­

 
 

HQ

jO

orps

 

'1

Guu'

, .~rl

 

Divi ion

 

2

43 Divi~ion

 

2

50

(N)

Division

 

1

 

(b)

The airuJrnc

 

';;01' J t;"J urop "i/itl