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Biochemical tests

Clinistrips quantitatively test for sugar in urine


The Kastle-Meyer test tests for the presence of blood
Salicylate testing is a category of drug testing that is focused on detecting salicylates such
as acetylsalicylic acid for either biochemical or medical purposes.
The Phadebas test tests for the presence of saliva for forensic purposes
Iodine solution tests for starch
The Van Slyke determination tests for specific amino acids
The Zimmermann test for Ketosteroids
Seliwanoff's test for differentiating between aldose and ketose sugars
Test for lipids: add ethanol to sample, then shake; add water to the solution, and shake
again. If fat is present, the product turns milky white.
Sakaguchi test for the presence of arginine in protein
Hopkins Cole reaction for the presence of tryptophan in proteins
Nitroprusside reaction for the presence of free thiol groups of cysteine in proteins
Sullivan reaction for the presence of cysteine and cystine in proteins
Acree-Rosenheim reaction for the presence of tryptophan in proteins
Pauly reaction for presence of tyrosine or histidine in proteins
Heller's test for presence of albumin in urine
Gmelin's test for the presence of bile pigments in urine
Hay's test for the presence of bile pigments in urine

Reducing sugars
Main article: Reducing sugar

Barfoed's test tests for reducing polysaccharides or disaccharides


Benedict's reagent tests for reducing sugars or aldehydes
Fehling's solution tests for reducing sugars or aldehydes, similar to Benedict's reagent
Molisch's test for carbohydrates
Nylander's test for reducing sugars
Rapid furfural test to distinguish between glucose and fructose

Proteins and polypeptides

The Bicinchoninic acid assay tests for proteins


Biuret reagent tests for proteins and polypeptides
Bradford protein assay measures protein quantitative
The Phadebas Amylase Test determines alpha-amylase activity

Organic tests

The Carbylamine reaction tests for primary amines


The Griess test tests for organic nitrite compounds

The Iodoform reaction tests for the presence of methyl ketones, or compounds which can
be oxidized to methyl ketones
The Schiff test detects aldehydes
Tollens' reagent (Silver Mirror) tests for aldehydes
The Zeisel determination tests for the presence of esters or ethers
Lucas' reagent is used to determine mainly
between primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols.
The Bromine test is used to test for the presence of unsaturation and phenols.

Inorganic tests

Barium chloride tests for sulfates


The Beilstein test tests for halides qualitatively
Borax bead test tests for certain metals
The Carius halogen method measures halides quantitatively.
Chemical test for cyanide tests for the presence of cyanide, CN
Copper sulfate tests for presence of water
Flame tests test for metals
The Gilman test tests for the presence of a Grignard reagent
The Kjeldahl method quantitatively determines the presence of nitrogen
Nessler's reagent tests for the presence of ammonia
Ninhydrin tests for ammonia or primary amines
Phosphate test for phosphate
The sodium fusion test tests for the presence of nitrogen, sulfur, and halides in a sample
The Zerewitinoff determination tests for any acidic hydrogen
The Oddy test for acid, aldehydes, and sulfides
Gunzberg's test tests for the presence of hydrochloric acid
Kelling's test tests for the presence of lactic acid
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