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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First of all, I bow down to the divine providence for being there when I needed
him the most. I extend my heartfelt thanks to the Almighty who is the guiding light for me.
I express my deep sense of gratitude to Dr. Somi Sebastian ,Principal , Sree
Buddha college of Engineering and Prof. Dr. E.K Bhass , DEAN (P.G) and HOD, Civil
Engineering department,for having permitted to carry out this seminar.
I whole heartedly thank Mr.Ashok Mathew, Assistant professor, Department
Civil Engineering, Sree Buddha college of Engineering, for his unstinted support and sincere
Guidance given to me.
It is with great pleasure that I acknowledge my sincere thanks to Ms. Shobha
Elizabeth Thomas , Assistant professor, Department

of Civil Engineering, seminar

coordinator for her amble support while working with seminar.


I would like to express my grateful thanks to all faculty and staff members of Civil
Engineering Department for their support and suggestion.
Last but not the least I express my warm gratitude to my parents and friends for their
Constant motivation.
ANEESHA S DAS

ABSTRACT
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Stainless steel has unique properties which can be taken advantage of in a wide variety of
applications in the construction industry. This paper reviews how research activities over the
last 20 years have impacted the use of stainless steel in construction. Significant technological
advances in materials processing have led to the development of duplex stainless steels with
excellent mechanical properties; important progress has also been made in the improvement
of surface finishes for architectural applications. Structural research programmes across the
world have laid the ground for the development of national and international specifications,
codes and standards spanning both the design, fabrication and erection processes. New
opportunities for stainless steel arising from the shift towards sustainable development are
reviewed, including its use in nuclear containment structures, thin-walled cladding and
composite floor systems. Use of stainless steel structural components has been growing as
structural engineers, architects, building owners, manufacturing plants, and other decision
makers become aware of its life cycle cost and strength advantages. Stainless steel also
provides better high temperature strength than carbon steel in case of fire. Engineers,
specifiers and designers often underestimate or overlook these values because of what is
viewed as the higher initial cost of stainless steel. However, over the total life of a project,
stainless is often the best value option. Stainless steels structural advantages made innovative
design breakthroughs possible in the construction of Indias new Parliament Library and
Bangkoks new International Airport. North America is home to the worlds largest structural
architectural stainless steel projects and many remarkable smaller designs. Architects can take
advantage of the design possibilities by reviewing project examples and learning about
stainless steels unique design characteristics.
Keywords: Stainless steel, , applications, structures, sustainability, life cycle cost,case studies.

CONTENTS
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Acknoweldgement
Absract
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Contents
List of figures
1.INTRODUCTION
2.DESIGN EVOLUTIONS
3.MATERIALS : PROPERTIES,SELECTION AND DURABILITY
3.1 MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR AND DESIGN VALUE PROPERTIES
3.1.1 Basic Stress-Strain behaviour
3.1.2 Factors Affecting Stress-strain Behaviour
3.2 PHYSICAL PROPERITIES
3.2.1 Effect Of Temperature
3.2.2 Life Cycle Costing
3.3 SELECTION OF MATERIALS
3.3.1 Grades
3.3.2 Availability Of Product Form
3.3.3 General Information On Stainless Steel Structure
3.3.4 Product Forms
3.4 DURABILITY
3.4.1 Types Of Pitting Corrosion
4. STAINLESS STEEL STRUCTURES
4.1 FABRICATION
4.2 CONNECTIONS
4.3 SPECIAL FINISHES
5. CASE STUDIES
5.1 CASE STUDY 1
5.2 CASE STUDY 2
5.3 CASE STUDY 3
5.4 CASE STUDY 4
5.5 CASE STUDY 5
6. RESEARCH IN RESPONSE TO MARKET AND PROCUREMENT
7. NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR STAINLESS STEEL
8. CONCLUSIONS
REFERENCES

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List Of Figures
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Fig 3.1

Stress strain curve of different grade

Fig 4.1

Stainless steel rebar in concrete reinforced structure

Fig 4.2

Performed rebars for column

Fig 5.1

I.M louvre pyramid

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Fig 5.2

The Gateway Arch In St.Louis

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Fig 5.3 General View Of The Domes Of The New Delhi Parliament

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Fig 5.4

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316 Steel Grade Is used In Structural Element

Fig 5.5

View Of suvarnabhumi Airport In Bangkok

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Fig 5.6

View Of Beekman Tower In Newyork

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Fig 5.7

View Of Building In The Skyline

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