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Thickness, Volume and Mass changes of Samundratapu Glacier between 1993 and 2015 Vivek Sharma 1

Thickness, Volume and Mass changes of Samundratapu Glacier between 1993 and 2015

Vivek Sharma 1,2 , Vinay Kumar Gaddam 1 , Parmanand Sharma 1 , Meloth Thamban 1 1 Cryosphere Science Division, NCAOR, Goa. 2 Department of Applied Mechanics and Hydraulics, NIT-Suratkal, Karnataka.

Applied Mechanics and Hydraulics, NIT-Suratkal, Karnataka. Importance of study • Millions of people are dependent on
Importance of study • Millions of people are dependent on the rivers originating from the
Importance of study
• Millions of people are dependent on the rivers originating from the
Himalayan glaciers, which are poorly sampled. Hence an attempt is
made to assess the volume, which is a critical and essential
parameter in assessing the glacier’s health
Scope of study
• This model can be used to predict the volume and thickness
distribution at a regional scale
Software's used
• Cosi-Corr (Envi Plugin), ERDAS, Arc GIS and Matlab

Geographical location of study area

Arc GIS and Matlab Geographical location of study area   Data Used S.No Data Source Purpose
 

Data Used

S.No

Data

Source

Purpose

1

Landsat TM

USGS

Estimation of glacier velocity

and EMT+

2

Cartosat DEM

Bhuvan NRSC

Estimation of slope

Work flow

Cartosat DEM Bhuvan NRSC Estimation of slope Work flow Surface Velocity Glacier thickness Mass loss (between

Surface Velocity

NRSC Estimation of slope Work flow Surface Velocity Glacier thickness Mass loss (between 1993-94 and 2014-15)

Glacier thickness

of slope Work flow Surface Velocity Glacier thickness Mass loss (between 1993-94 and 2014-15) Mass loss

Mass loss (between 1993-94 and 2014-15)

Glacier thickness Mass loss (between 1993-94 and 2014-15) Mass loss vs Altitude Highlights 1.Annual velocities vary

Mass loss vs Altitude

loss (between 1993-94 and 2014-15) Mass loss vs Altitude Highlights 1.Annual velocities vary from 20 to
Highlights 1.Annual velocities vary from 20 to 30 m. a -1 in the higher ablation
Highlights
1.Annual velocities vary from 20 to 30 m. a -1 in the higher ablation zone
and upto 150 m. a -1 in the accumulation zone
2.Maximum thickness was observed at Equilibrium zone, at an altitude
ranging between 5000 and 5200 m.a.s.l
3. Mass loss was estimated using thickness of both the periods, with a
maximum at debris covered ice zone (4400-4600 m.a.s.l) and minimum
at higher ridges.
Scope of study
To upscale the method at basin level for ice thickness and volume
changes of glaciers. Further, to estimate the mass loss for individual
glaciers

Corresponding author address

G. Vinay kumar, Project Scientist-B Cryosphere Science Division, NCAOR, Vasco-da-gama, Goa. Email: Gaddam_vinay@ymail.com Phone: 8975910989

References

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2. Prateek, Gantayat., Kulkarni, Anil V., and Srinivasan, J. (2014).

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4. Scherler, Derk.,Leprince, Sebestian., and Strecker, R Manfred. (2008). Glacier- surface velocities in alpine terrain from optical satellite imagery—Accuracy im- provement and quality assessment. Remote Sensing of Environment,

5. Schubert, Adrian.,Faes, Annena., Andreas, Kaab., and Meier, Erich. (2013). Glacier surface velocity estimation using repeat TerraSAR-X images:Wavelet- vs. correlation-based image matching. ISPRS Journal of photogrammetry and Re- mote Sensing,

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