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ABSTRACT

Classification of Some Kinds of flower in FMIPA UM


Ahmad Abror
Alif Rosyidah El.B
Clara Kartika Aprilia Pratiwi
Etis Prasila Utami
Lely Rindiyanti F.T.P
Biology Department, FMIPA UM
elbaralifrosyidah@gmail.com
Flowers are the sexual reproductive organs of followering plants. The main part
consist of the flower petals (calix) canopy / crown (corolla), stamens and the pistil (pistilum).
The other part is the basic interest rate (reseptakulum), flower (pediselus), and honey gland
(nektarium) in the interest are the reproductive organs, the stamens and pistil. But not all
flowers have a pistil and stamens. Interest has 2 classification that interest is not perfect and
imperfect. The research was conducted to: 1) determine several kinds of flowers around
FMIPA UM, 2) to determine the classification of the interest earned wide.
Method of observation is the first look the flowers around environment in FMIPA
UM, the secondly after finding the followers that you want, then examine the flowers, and
classified by structures such as leaves, branch, petals, flower petals, pistil, and stamens and
then record the result of the observation. The result obtained are frangipani flower,
bougenville flower, asoka flower. All the flowers have stamens, petals, and pistils, but the
bougenville flower dont have petals.
So that there is interest within the FMIPA UM are asoka , frangipani and bougenville
flowers. On the third of this flower is a flower is perfect, because all three have pistils and
stamens. Third plant these flowers are generally classified as class divisions spermatophyte
the two seed plants into pieces
Keyword : classification, flower.
I.

II.

Purpose
1. To determine several kinds of flowers around FMIPA UM.
2. To determine the classification of the interest earned wide.
Basic Theory
Plants function in reducing air pollution, serves as an ecological, hydrological,
orologis, climatological, also provide a source of germplasm. Plants have a structure
that is the roots, stems, leaves, and flowers. Plants are divided into three, namely are:
1.Plants moss (Bryophyta)
2.Plants spikes (Pteridophyta)
3.Plants drupe (Spermatophyta):
open with seed (Gymnospermae)
seed in the closed (Angiospermae)
Classification (grouping) is a way of sorting and classifying living things into
categories or specific units. The order of classification of living things from the
highest level to the lowest (now used) is Domain (Region), Kingdom (Kingdom),
Phylum or Phylum (animals) / Divisio (plants), Classis (Class), Order (Nation),
familia (Tribe ), Genus (Highways), and species (type). The purpose of classification
of living things is to make it easier to identify, compare, and the study of living things.

Comparing means finding similarities and differences in the nature or characteristics


in living things.
In addition to photosynthesis and respiration in plants also reproduce. Most
plants reproduce in flowers. Flowers are the sexual reproductive organs of flowering
plants. The main part consists of the flower petals (Calix) canopy / crown (corolla),
stamens (stamens) and the pistil (pistilum). The other part is the basic interest rate
(reseptakulum), flower (pediselus) and honey gland (nektarium) In the interest are the
reproductive organs, the stamens and putik. But not all flowers have a pistil and
stamens. interest has 2 classification that interest is not perfect and imperfect
sempurna.Bunga flower is a flower which did not have the male (stamen) and tool
female (pistil) together in a single organ or only the reproductive organs alone. Vice
versa perfect flower is a flower that has stamens and pistils in one organ. Although
there are some flowers that do not have the reproductive organs of flowers can still
perform pollination by insects, wind, and the Hand of human.
III.

Tools and Materials


*Tools : Camera, Stationery
*Material :
Frangipani flower
Bougenville flower
Asoka flower

IV.

Method
1.Finding
the
flowers
around
environment
in
FMIPA
UM.
2. After finding the flowers that you want, then examine the flowers.
3. And classified by structures such as leaves, branch , petals, flower petals, pistil,
and stamens.
4. Record the result of the observations.

V.

Observation Result
NNName of flower
o.

Leaf

branch

petals

flower
petals

pistil

stamens

11Frangipani

flowers (Plumeria
acuminate)

2. Bougenvill
flowers
(Bougenvilia
spectabiliswilld)

3. Asoka
flowers
(IxoraCoccinea
L.)

VI.

Discussion
In the observational data obtained by the discussion as follows:
1.
Frangipani plant.
Kingdom: Plantae (Plants)
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta (Plant berpembulu)
Super Division: Spermatophyta (seed Produce)
Division: Magnliphyta (flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida (dashed two / dikotil)
Order: Gentilanales
Family: Apocynacecae
Genus: Plumeria
Species: Ait acumnita Plumeria, Plumeria rubra
Frangipani plants have a tree with a stem height 1,5 12 m, twisted and contain
latex. Chemical constituents of this plant sap is acidic resins and plumeria, while the
skin contains toxic bitter substances. Frangipani plants included in the single
interest, have compound interest, panicle average, kelopak bunga has a funnel shape,
have a flower crown four parts and also has a color that is very varied and range
from white, red, and mix. Flowers on this plant located in the branch or in the armpit
plant frangipani flowers. Pollination process is aided by the wind, and other animals
are nearby. Pistil stalk short, blunt, wide, the fruit in half, from each other.
Frangipani plants have a single leaf, has a length of 10-25 cm and even more,
tapered at the base, has uneven edges, thick and has a shape oval. Green when
young, after dark brownish black. The plant has a taproot, branching, brownish
colored young to old. The roots of this plant have a functioning to absorb the
minerals and elements of water in the soil to a depth of 1.5 -2 meters or more
depending on the growth of plants.
2. Bougenville plant
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida (dikotil)
Sub class: Caryophylidae
Order: caryophyllales
Family: nyctaginaceae
Genus: Bugenvillia
Species: Bugenvilliaspeeatabiliswilld
Bougenville plants including shrubs erect, tall plants approximately 2-4
meters. Root system is stable. With roots branches extending in all directions with a
depth of 40 cm - 80 cm. Bougenville is a shrub that climb and hanging, height 0.3 m
- 10 m. the stem has a woody branches round, segmented, and has a diameter of 5
mm
8
mm,
brown,
and
compound.
Bogenville flowers including compound interest is not limited to, the umbrellashaped 3-15 flowers. Diverse flowers have yellow, red, pink, purple, white and so
on. Tubular petals 2-4 mm. Taju interest 5 -8, nail-shaped, smooth-haired. The parts
of the flower bugenvile among others: flowers, stems, pistil, stamens and pollen
stalk.
The leaves are pinnate-leaved one, wide leaf blade rounded to elongated, flatbrimmed, reinforced pinnate or reinforced three to five. Bougenville has ripe black
Berry shine 1 cm long, have seeds two.

3. Asoka flower
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Spermatophyta
Class: Dicotyledoneae
Order: Rubiales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Ixora
Species: Ixora paludosa L
The flower is found in a variety of colors
include pink, bright red danoranye. This interest is
compounded,
androgynous. The amount of stamens four and the parts of pistil attached to the
crown. Part petals asoka tend oval with tapered base portion. This leaves a single,
pinnate. Trunked tree upright and woody. The flowers used to grow up to 80cm.
Asoka flower roots are riding, the colour is browned. Usually this plant is used for
reforestation or ornamental plants. This flower can last for 3-4 months. Ixora
paludosa L. (Ashoka) can reach more than 4 m. The circumference of the base of the
stem can reach 40 cm. Dicotyledonous plant stem is dark which is sometimes
accompanied by patches of lichens are much attached to the trunk, branches and
twigs with a taproot. The wood is relatively hard. Oval leaf shape with a length of
24.2 cm and a maximum width of 9.6 cm in the center of the leaf.
VII.

Conclusion
So that there is interest within the FMIPA UM are asoka , frangipani and
bougenville flowers. On the third of this flower is a flower is perfect, because all three
have pistils and stamens. Third plant these flowers are generally classified as class
divisions Spermatophyta the two seed plants into pieces.
Bibliography
Arnett R.H. and D.C. Barungart. 1970. An Introduction to Plant Biology. 3th edition. The CV.
Mosby Company. Saint Louis.
Esiti B. Hidayat. 1990. Morfologi Tumbuhan. Diktat Kuliah. Jurusan Biologi FMIPA ITB.
Bandung.