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29/1/2017

AssemblyDesign

AssemblyDesign|CATIATutor

AssemblyDesign AssemblyDesign|CATIATutor April5,2007
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TheAssemblyDesign used to create an assembly starting from scratch. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly.

6.1CreatinganAssemblyDocument

This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. Select the Start ­> Mechanical Design ­>

AssemblyDesigncommandtolaunchtherequiredworkbench.TheAssemblyDesignworkbenchisopened.Youcanseethat“Product1”isdisplayedinthe

specification tree, indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. To create an assembly, you need products. The application uses the term “product”or“component”toindicateassembliesorparts.Youcanusepartstocreateproducts.Thoseproductscaninturnbeusedtocreateotherproducts. Theproductdocumentcontains:aspecificationtreetotheleftoftheapplicationwindow,specifictoolbarstotherightoftheapplicationwindow,anumberof contextualcommandsavailableinthespecificationtreeandinthegeometry.Notethatthesecommandscanalsobeaccessedfromthemenubar.

6.2InsertingaComponents

6.2.1InsertingaNewComponent

Thistaskwillshowyouhowtoinsertacomponentintoanexistingassembly.Inthespecification

tree,selectProduct1andclicktheNewComponenticon

6.2.2InsertingaNewProduct

6.2.2InsertingaNewProduct .ThestructureofyourassemblynowincludesProduct1(Product1.1).

.ThestructureofyourassemblynowincludesProduct1(Product1.1).

Thistaskwillshowyouhowtoinsertaproductinanexistingassembly.Inthespecificationtree,

selectProduct1andclicktheNewProduct

6.2.3InsertingaNewPart

selectProduct1andclicktheNewProduct 6.2.3InsertingaNewPart icon.TheProduct2(Product2.1)iscreatedinthespecificationtree.

icon.TheProduct2(Product2.1)iscreatedinthespecificationtree.

Thistaskwillshowyouhowtoinsertanewpartinanexistingassembly.Inthespecificationtree,

selectProduct1andclicktheNewParticon

locatethepart:ClickYestolocatethepartoriginpointonaselectedpoint,onanothercomponentforexample.ClickNotodefinetheoriginpointofa

componentbasedontheoriginpointoftheparentcomponent.

componentbasedontheoriginpointoftheparentcomponent.

.Ifgeometryexistsintheassembly,theNewPart:OriginPointdialogboxisdisplayed,proposingtwooptionsto

6.3DefiningaMulti­Instantiation

Thistaskshowsyouhowtorepeatcomponentsasmanytimesasyouwishinthedirectionofyour

choice.Selectthecomponentyouwishtoinstantiate.ClicktheDefineMulti­Instantiationicon.TheMulti­Instantiationdialogboxisdisplayed,indicatingthe

nameofthecomponenttobeinstantiated.TheParametersoptionletsyouchoosebetweenthefollowingcategoriesofparameterstodefine:Instances&

Spacing,Instances&LengthandSpacing&Length.Todefinethedirectionofcreation,checkx­axis.Theapplicationpreviewsthelocationofthenew

components.ClickOKtocreatethecomponents.

6.4FastMulti­Instantiation

6.4FastMulti­Instantiation

ThistaskshowsyouhowtorepeatcomponentsusingtheparameterspreviouslysetintheMultiInstantiationcommand.YouwillusetheFastMulti­Instantiation

commandtoquicklyrepeatthecomponentofyourchoice.Theoperationisverysimple.Selectthecomponentyouwishto

instantiate.ClicktheFastMulti­Instantiationicon

Instantiationdialogbox.

6.5UsingAssemblyConstraints

Instantiationdialogbox. 6.5UsingAssemblyConstraints

.Theresultisimmediate.ThreecomponentsarecreatedaccordingtotheparametersdefinedintheMulti­

Thissectiondescribesthenotionsandoperatingmodesyouwillneedtosetanduseconstraintsinyourassemblystructure.Constraintsallowyoutoposition

mechanicalcomponentscorrectlyinrelationtotheothercomponentsoftheassembly.Youjustneedtospecifythetypeofconstraintsyouwishtosetup

betweentwocomponents,andthesystemwillplacethecomponentsexactlythewayyouwant.Settingconstraintsisratheraneasytask.However,youshould

keepinmindthefollowing:Youcanapplyconstraintsonlybetweenthechildcomponentsoftheactivecomponent.Youcannotdefineconstraintsbetweentwo

geometricelementsbelongingtothesamecomponent.Youcannotapplyaconstraintbetweentwocomponentsbelongingtothesamesubassemblyifthis

subassemblyisnottheactivecomponent.Theactivecomponentisblueframed(defaultcolor)andunderlined.Double­clickingactivatesit.Theselected

componentisorangeframed(defaultcolor).

6.5.1CreatingaCoincidenceConstraint

Coincidence­typeconstraintsareusedtoalignelements.Dependingontheselectedelements,you

mayobtainconcentricity,coaxialityorcoplanarity.ClicktheCoincidenceConstrainticonSelectthefacetobeconstrained.Selectthesecondfacetobe

constrained.Greenarrowsappearontheselectedfaces,indicatingorientations.TheConstraintPropertiesdialogboxthatappearsdisplaysthepropertiesof

theconstraint.Thecomponentsinvolvedandtheirstatusareindicated.Youcandefinetheorientationofthefacestobeconstrainedbychoosingoneofthese

options:Undefined(theapplicationfindsthebestsolution),Same,opposite.ClickOKtocreatethecoincidenceconstraint.Thisconstraintisaddedtothe

specificationtreetoo.

29/1/2017

AssemblyDesign|CATIATutor

29/1/2017 AssemblyDesign|CATIATutor 6.5.2CreatingaContactConstraint

6.5.2CreatingaContactConstraint

Contact­typeconstraintscanbecreatedbetweentwoplanarfaces(directedplanes).Clickthe

ContactConstrainticon

Greengraphicsymbolsaredisplayedinthegeometryareatoindicatethatthisconstrainthasbeendefined.Thisconstraintisaddedtothespecificationtree.

.Selectthefacestobeconstrained.Asthecontactconstraintiscreated,onecomponentismovedsoastoadoptitsnewposition.

6.5.3CreatinganOffsetConstraint

Whendefininganoffsetconstraintbetweentwocomponents,youneedtospecifyhowfaces

shouldbeoriented.ClicktheOffsetConstrainticon

propertiesoftheconstraint.Thecomponentsinvolvedandtheirstatusareindicated.Youcandefinetheorientationofthefacestobeconstrainedbychoosing

oneoftheseoptions.ClickOKtocreatetheoffsetconstraint.

.Selectthefacestobeconstrained.TheConstraintPropertiesdialogboxthatappearsdisplaysthe

6.5.4CreatinganAngleConstraint

6.5.4CreatinganAngleConstraint

Angle­typeconstraintsfallintothreecategories:Angle,Parallelism(anglevalueequalszero),Perpendicularity(anglevalueequals90degrees).Whensettingan

angleconstraint,youwillhave

todefineananglevalue.ClicktheAngleConstrainticon

propertiesoftheselectedconstraintandthelistofavailableconstraints.KeeptheAngleoption.EnterangleintheAnglefieldandkeep

.Selectthefacestobeconstrained.TheConstraintPropertiesdialogboxisdisplayedwiththe

Sector1.Notethatfoursectorsareavailable:

.ClickOKtocreatetheangleconstraint.Sector1.Notethatfoursectorsareavailable: 6.5.5FixingaComponent

6.5.5FixingaComponent

Fixingacomponentmeanspreventingthiscomponentfrommovingfromitsparentsduringtheupdateoperation.Therearetwowaysoffixingacomponent:by

fixingitspositionaccordingtothegeometricaloriginoftheassembly,whichmeanssettinganabsoluteposition.Thisoperationisreferredtoas“Fixinspace”.

Byfixingitspositionaccordingtoothercomponents,whichmeanssettingarelativeposition.Thisoperationisreferredtoas“Fix”.

FixinSpace:ClicktheFixicon

inthegeometryareatoindicatethatthisconstrainthasbeendefined.Fix:Double­clickthefixconstraintyouhavejustcreatedtoeditit.Inthedialogboxthat

appears,clickMoretoexpandthedialogbox.UnchecktheFixinspaceoptiontotheleftofthedialogbox.Thelocksymbolisnolongerdisplayedinthe

specificationtree,meaningthatthecomponentispositionedaccordingtotheothercomponentsonly.Movethefixedcomponent.ClickOKtoconfirm.Updatethe

assembly:nowthecomponentremainsatitslocation.

assembly:nowthecomponentremainsatitslocation.

.Selectthecomponenttobefixed,thatisthelightbluecomponent.Theconstraintiscreated.Agreenanchorisdisplayed

6.5.6FixingComponentsTogether

Thistaskconsistsinfixingtwocomponentstogether.TheFixTogethercommandattachesselectedelementstogether.Youcanselectasmanycomponentsas

youwish,buttheymustbelongtothe

activecomponent.ClicktheFixTogethericon

appears,displayingthelistofselectedcomponents.IntheNamefield,enteranewnameforthegroupofcomponentsyouwanttocreate.ClickOK.The

componentsareattachedtoeachother.Movingoneofthemmovestheotheronetoo.

.Youcanselectthecomponentsinthespecificationtreeorinthegeometryarea.TheFixTogetherdialogbox6.5.7UsingtheQuickConstraintCommand

6.5.7UsingtheQuickConstraintCommand

TheQuickConstraintcommandcreatesthefirstpossibleconstraintasspecifiedintheprioritylist.

Double­clicktheQuickConstrainticon

orderofconstraintcreation:Surfacecontact,Coincidence,Offset,AngleandParallelism.Thefirstconstraintinthelistcannowbeset.Asurfacecontact

constraintiscreated&constraintisaddedtothespecificationtree.

.Selectthetwoentitiestobeconstrained.Thepossibleconstrainbetweenthesewillbeaccordingtolistspecifyingthe

6.5.8ChangingConstraints

Changingaconstraintmeansreplacingthetypeofthisconstraintbyanothertype.Thisoperationispossibledependingonthesupportingelements.Youcan

selectanyconstraints,notnecessarilyin

theactivecomponent.Selecttheconstrainttobechanged.ClicktheChangeConstrainticonTheChangeTypedialogboxthatappears,displaysallpossible

constraints.Selectthenewtypeofconstraint.ClickApplytopreviewtheconstraintinthespecificationtreeandthegeometry.ClickOKtovalidatetheoperation.

6.5.9DeactivatingorActivatingConstraints

6.5.9DeactivatingorActivatingConstraints

Deactivatingoractivatingconstraintsmeansspecifyingiftheseconstraintsmustbetakenintoaccountduringupdatesornot.Selectanyactivatedconstraint.

Right­clickandselecttheDeactivatecontextualcommand.Theconstraintisdeactivated.Thegraphicsymbolrepresentingthedeactivatedconstraintisnow

displayedinwhite.Repeatstepandright­clicktoselecttheActivatecontextualcommandtoactivatetheselectedconstraint.

6.6UpdatinganAssembly

Updatinganassemblymeansupdatingitscomponentsaswellasitsconstraints.Theapplicationletsyouchoosebetweenupdatingthewholeassemblyorthe

componentsofyourchoice.Theconstraintsareinblack,indicatingtheyneedanupdate.Thedefaultcolorisblack,buttheapplicationallowsyoutoredefinethe

colorsyouwant.Todoso,refertoCustomizingConstraintAppearance.SelecttheTools­>Optionscommand,thenexpandtheMechanicalDesignsectionto

29/1/2017

AssemblyDesign|CATIATutor

thelefttoaccessAssemblyDesignoptions.YoucanchoosebetweentwoupdatemodeswithintheAssemblyDesignworkbench:AutomaticorManual.Check

theManualoptionintheUpdate

frame.ClickOKtoconfirmandclosethedialogbox.ClicktheUpdateicon

toupdatethewholeassembly.Theassemblyisupdated.6.7UsingaPartDesignPattern

6.7UsingaPartDesignPattern

ThistaskshowsyouhowtorepeatacomponentusingapatterncreatedinPartDesign.Selecttherectangularpatterninthetreeorinthegeometry.Control­

clicktoselectthecomponenttobe

.TheInstantiationonapatterndialogboxisdisplayed,indicatingthenameofthepattern,thenumberofinstancestobecreated(forinformationonly)andclicktoselectthecomponenttobe

thenameofthecomponenttoberepeated.Therearetwoworkmodes:Usingassociativitywiththegeometry:theoption“Keeplinkwiththepattern”ison,

Usingnoassociativity:theoptionisoff.

Todefinethefirstinstanceofthecomponenttobeduplicated,threeoptionsareavailable:Reusetheoriginalcomponent,createanewinstance,cut&

pastetheoriginalcomponent.

ClickOKtorepeatthesecondcomponent.Thenewcomponent“xxxonRectPattern.xx”isdisplayedinthetree.Anentity“Assemblyfeatures”hasbeencreated

inthetree.“ReusedRectangularPattern.1”isdisplayedbelowthisentity.Ifyouusetheoption“generatedconstraints”,theReuseConstraintssectiondisplays

theconstraintsdetectedforthecomponentandmakesalloriginalconstraintsavailableforselection:Youcandefinewhetheryouwishtoreproduceoneormore

originalconstraintswheninstantiatingthecomponent.

6.8MovingComponents

6.8.1ManipulatingComponents

6.8MovingComponents 6.8.1ManipulatingComponents 6.8.2SnappingComponents

6.8.2SnappingComponents

TheSnapcommandprojectsthegeometricelementofacomponentontoanothergeometricelementbelongingtothesameortoadifferentcomponent.Using

thiscommandisaconvenient

waytotranslateorrotatecomponents.Dependingontheselectedelements,youwillobtain

differentresults.

FirstElement

LastElement

Result

Selected

Selected

point

point

Identicalpoints.

point

line

Thepointisprojectedontotheline.

point

plane

Thepointisprojectedontotheplane.

line

line

Bothlinesbecomecollinear.

line

plane

Thelineisprojectedontotheplane.

plane

line

Theplanepassesthroughtheline.

6.8.3SmartMove

TheSmartMovecommandcombinestheManipulateandSnapcapabilities.Optionally,itcreatesconstraints.TheQuickConstraintframecontainsthelistofthe

constraintsthatcanbeset.Thislistdisplaystheseconstraintsinahierarchicalorderandcanbeeditedbyusingbotharrowstorightofthedialogbox.The

applicationcreatesthefirstpossibleconstraintasspecifiedinthelistofconstraintshavingpriority.

6.9Sectioning

Thistaskyouwillcreatesectionplanes,orienttheplanewithrespecttotheabsoluteaxissystem,

invertthenormalvectoroftheplane.ClicktheSectioningicon.Thesectionplaneisautomaticallycreated.Theplaneiscreatedparalleltoabsolutecoordinates Y, Z. The center of the plane islocated at the center of the bounding sphere around the productsin the selection you defined. Line segmentsvisualized representtheintersectionoftheplanewithallproductsintheselection.TheSectioningDefinitiondialogboxcontainsawidevarietyoftoolslettingyouposition,

moveandrotatethesectionplane.APreviewwindow,showingthegeneratedsection,alsoappears.3Dsectioncutscutawaythematerialfromtheplane.Click

theVolumeCuticonintheSectioningDefinitiondialogboxtoobtainasectioncut.Youcanpositionsectionplaneswithrespecttoageometricaltarget(aface,

edge,referenceplaneorcylinderaxis).Youcanviewthegeneratedsectioninaseparateviewer.

6.10AssemblyFeatures

Priortocreatingassemblyfeatures,keepinmindthefollowing.Youcancreateassemblyfeaturesonlybetweenthechildcomponentsoftheactiveproduct.The

activeproductatleastmustincludetwocomponents,whichinturnmustcontainonepartatleast.Youcannotcreateassemblyfeaturesbetweentwogeometric

elementsbelongingtothesamecomponent.Thedifferentassemblyfeaturesyoucancreateare:Split,Hole,Pocket,Remove,Add,PerformaSymmetry.

6.10.1AssemblySplit

29/1/2017

AssemblyDesign|CATIATutor

ThedialogboxthatappearswhenyouclickAssemblySplit,displaysthenamesaswellasthepathsofthepartsthatmaybeaffectedbythesplitaction.Move

thepartstothelist‘Affectedparts”.Arrowsinthegeometryindicatetheportionofpartsthatwillbekeptaftersplitting.Ifthearrowspointinthewrongdirection,

clickthemtoreversethedirection.ClickOKtoconfirm.Toeditanassemblysplit,double­click‘AssemblySplit.X’inassemblyfeaturesavailableinhistorytree.

6.11CreatingScenes

Scenesenableyouto:workontheevolutionofanassemblyinaseparatewindowfromtheactualassemblyandtoimpartupdatestotheassemblyasyousee

fit.Saveacopyofanassemblyinaseparatewindow,workontheevolutionofthatassemblydirectlyontheassembly.Youcanmodifythefollowingattributes

eitherinthesceneorintheassemblywithoutthemodificationsbeingreplicatedintheother:theviewpoint,thegraphicalattributesofthecomponents,the

“show”or“hide”stateofthecomponents,the“active”or“not­active”stateofthecomponents.Scenesareidentifiedbynameinthespecificationtreeandbya

graphicalrepresentationinthegeometryarea.

.TheEditScenedialogboxandascenerepresentationinthedocumentwindowaredisplayed.ClickOktoendthescenecreation.Youarenowinascenegraphicalrepresentationinthegeometryarea.

window:Thebackgroundcolorturnstogreen.Scene1isidentifiedinthespecificationtree.Performtherequiredmodifications.Forinstancemodify:viewpoint,

graphicalattributes,show­noshow.Withinascene,clicktheResetselectedproductsicon

Notethatcolorattributesandtheshow­hidespecificationarenottakenintoaccountwhenusingtheResetselectedproductsicon.ClicktheExitFromScene

icon

icon torepositionthecomponentsastheywereintheinitialproduct.

torepositionthecomponentsastheywereintheinitialproduct.

toswaptotheinitialwindow.Double­clickScene1eitherinthespecificationtreeorinthegeometryareatoswaptothescenewindow.icon torepositionthecomponentsastheywereintheinitialproduct. 6.12ExplodingaConstrainedAssembly

6.12ExplodingaConstrainedAssembly

Thistaskshowshowtoexplodeanassemblytakingintoaccounttheassemblyconstraints.ThisExplodetypeisapplicableonlytospecificcases.Whenthe

assemblyisassignedcoincidence

constraints:axis/axis&plane/plane.ClicktheExplodeicon

asitis.TheDepthparameterletsyouchoosebetweenatotal(Alllevels)orpartial(Firstlevel)explodedview.KeepAlllevelssetbydefault.Settheexplode

type.3Disthedefaulttype.Keepit.ClickApplytoperformtheoperation.

.TheExplodedialogboxisdisplayed.WheelAssemblyisselectedbydefault,keeptheselection

6.13DetectingInterferences

Checkingforinterferencesisdoneintwosteps:Initialcomputation:detectsandidentifiesthedifferenttypesofinterference.Detailedcomputation:computesthe

graphicsrepresentationofinterferencesaswellastheminimumdistance.Twointerferencetypesareavailable:Contact+Clash,Clearance+Contact+Clash.

Resultsdifferdependingontheinterferencetypeselectedfortheanalysis.Fourcomputationtypesareavailable:Betweenallcomponents,Insideone

selection,Selectionagainstall,Betweentwoselections.ClickApplytocheckforinterferences.Aprogressbarisdisplayedlettingyoumonitorand,if

necessary,interrupt(Canceloption)thecalculation.TheCheckClashdialogboxexpandstoshowtheresults.Clash:redintersectioncurvesidentifyclashing

products.Contact:yellowtrianglesidentifyproductsincontact.Clearance:greentrianglesidentifyproductsseparatedbylessthanthespecifiedclearance

distance.

6.14CustomizingAssemblyDesign

6.14.1CustomizingAssemblyDesignSettings

ThistaskwillshowyouhowtocustomizeAssemblyDesignsettings.SelectTools­>Options.ClicktheMechanicalDesigncategory,thentheAssemblyDesign

subcategory.TheGeneraltabappears,displayingthefollowingoptions:Update,Accesstogeometry,Movecomponents.

6.14.2CustomizingGeneralSettings

SelecttheTools­>Options…command.ClicktheInfrastructurecategory,thenthePartInfrastructuresubcategory.TheGeneraltabappears,containingthree

categoriesofoptions:ExternalReferences,UpdateandDeleteOperation

6.14.3CustomizingAssemblyConstraints

SelectTools­>Options.ClicktheMechanicalDesigncategory,thentheAssemblyDesignsubcategory.IntheConstraintstabthefollowingoptionsareavailable:

PasteComponents,ConstraintCreation,QuickConstraint.

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