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Pia Mari Bautistalla

Ab Psychology
Mission and Vision of Arellano
Mission :
To provide equitable access to
through relevant, innovative,
and environment-conscious
academic programs and services.

To be a model institution of

where relevant knowledge is

acquired and
skills are developed in response
to the
needs of the global community.
1.The Lord's Prayer
Our Father, who art in heaven,
hallowed be thy name,
thy kingdom come,
thy will be done,
on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread
and forgive us our debts and we forgive
our debtors,
and lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from evil,
for thine is the kingdom and the power
and the glory, forever. Amen.

2. Twenty-Third Psalm
The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want.
He makes me lie down in green pastures;
he leads me beside still waters;
he restores my soul.
He leads me in right paths for his name's sake.
Even though I walk through the valley

of the shadow of death,

I fear no evil;
for you are with me;
your rod and your staff--they comfort me.
You prepare a table before me
in the presence of my enemies;
you anoint my head with oil;
my cup overflows.
Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me
all the days of my life,
and I shall dwell in the house of the Lord
3. Make Me an Instrument of Your Peace
Lord, make me an instrument of your peace.
Where there is hatred, let me sow love,
Where there is injury, pardon
Where there is doubt, faith,
Where there is despair, hope,
Where there is darkness, light,
Where there is sadness, joy.
O Divine Master, grant that I may not so much
seek to be consoled as to console,
not so much to be understood as to understand,
not so much to be loved, as to love;
for it is in giving that we receive,
it is in pardoning that we are pardoned,
it is in dying that we awake to eternal life.
4. A Short Grace For Use Before Meals
O Lord, bless this food to our use,
and us to your service;
make us grateful for all your mercies,
and mindful of the needs of others. Amen.
5. Christ Be With Me
Christ with me, Christ before me, Christ behind me,
Christ in me, Christ beneath me, Christ above me,
Christ on my right, Christ on my left,

Christ where I lie, Christ where I sit, Christ where I arise,

Christ in the heart of everyone who thinks of me,
Christ in the mouth of every one who speaks to me,
Christ in every eye that sees me,
Christ in every ear that hears me.
Salvation is of the Lord.
Salvation is of the Christ.
May your salvation, Lord, be ever with us.

6. A Table Blessing
God is great and God is Good,
And we thank God for our food;
By God's hand we must be fed,
Give us Lord, our daily bread. Amen.
7. Children's Bedtime Prayer
Now I lay me down to sleep,
I pray the Lord my soul to keep:
May God guard me through the night
And wake me with the morning light.
8. Our Father
Our Father, Who art in Heaven, hallowed be Thy name; Thy Kingdom
come, Thy will be done on earth as it is in Heaven. Give us this day
our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those
who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation, but deliver
us from evil. Amen.
9. Prayer to Heal a Relationship
Dear Lord,
I offer you this prayer, to help me with my current relationship
situation. Please take away all the pain and hurt in my heart. Fill it
with love, joy, patience, and understanding. Bless me and my

partner, so that we may never surrender to whatever challenges

that come our way. Fill our hearts with love for each other, and may
you make each one of us realize each other's worth. Please touch
the heart of my partner,fill it with much love for me. Make our
complicated relationship become uncomplicated. I seek for your
mercy and blessing that you may allow us to spend the rest of our
lives with each other. Please make this feeling mutual for both of us.
Lead us not into temptations. Guide us wherever we go. Always put
us in each other's heart and mind. Thank you Lord for hearing my
prayer. I love you. Amen.

10. Prayer Before Meals

Bless us O Lord, and these thy gifts, which we are about to receive,
from thy bounty, through Christ, our Lord. Amen.

1.Order them to clap their hands .
2.Make your voice louder .
3.Always make an activity .
4.Before you start the class , you should
order them to clean the classroom .
5.Order them to stretch
6.Always put a joke so they laugh and
they will get interested on the topic.
7.Turn on all the lights in the room .

8.Give examples using their names.

9.Make your topic creative .
10.Make your topic easier .

1.Imagination is more important than knowledge.
-Albert Einstein
2.If music be the food of love, play on.
3.The way to get started is to quit talking and begin doing.
-Walt Disney
4.Obstacles are those frightful things you see when you take your
eyes off the goal.
-Henry Ford
5 .I skate where the puck is going to be, not where it has been.
-Wayne Gretzky
6.When you come to a fork in the road, take it.

-Yogi Berra
7.We may affirm absolutely that nothing great in the world has
been accomplished without passion.
8.The life which is unexamined is not worth living.
9.Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live
-M.K. Gandhi
10.What you get by achieving your goals is not as important as
what you become by achieving your goals.
-Zig Ziglar

1.Make Your Life Better by Saying Thank You in These 7
By James Clear

Life Lessons, Self-Improvement

I dont say Thank You as often as I should and I doubt Im the only one.
In fact, Im starting to believe that Thank You is the most underappreciated and under-used phrase on the planet. It is appropriate in nearly
any situation and it is a better response than most of the things we say. Lets
cover 7 common situations when we say all sorts of things, but should say
Thank You instead.
Say Thank You
Before we talk about how to get started, I wanted to let you know I
researched and compiled science-backed ways to stick to good habits and
stop procrastinating. Want to check out my insights? Download my free PDF
guide Transform Your Habits here.
1. When youre receiving a compliment.

We often ruin compliments by devaluing the statement or acting overly

humble. Internally, you might think this prevents you from appearing
arrogant or smug.
The problem is that by deflecting the praise of a genuine compliment, you
dont acknowledge the person who was nice enough to say something.
Simply saying Thank You fully acknowledges the person who made the
compliment and allows you to enjoy the moment as well.
Example: Your dress looks great.
Instead of: Oh, this old thing? Ive had it for years.
Try saying: Thank you. Im glad you like it.
Example: Wow! 20 points tonight. You played really well in the game.
Instead of: Yeah, but I missed that wide-open shot in the 3rd quarter.
Try saying: Thank you. It was a good night.
Example: You killed your presentation today!
Instead of: Did I? I felt so nervous up there. Im glad it looked alright.
Try saying: Thank you. Im happy it went well.
There is something empowering about fully accepting a compliment. When
you deflect praise, you cant really own it. When you just say Thank You,
you let the weight of the compliment sink in and become yours. Saying
Thank You gives your mind permission to be built up by the compliments
you receive.
Getting compliments should be fun and enjoyable, but we often ruin the
experience. Theres no need to sabotage compliments that come your way.
Accept them with grace and enjoy the moment.
2. When youre running late.
Being late is the worst. Its stressful for the person who is running late and
its disrespectful to the person who is waiting.
It might seem strange to thank someone for dealing with your hassle, but
thats exactly the correct response. Most people stumble in the door and say,
Sorry Im late.
The problem is this response still makes the situation about you. Sorry, Im
late. Saying Thank You turns the tables and acknowledges the sacrifice the
other person made by waiting. Thank you for waiting.

Example: You walk in the door 14 minutes late.

Instead of: So sorry Im late. Traffic was insane out there.
Try saying: Thank you for your patience.
When we make a mistake, someone else often makes a sacrifice. Our default
response is to apologize for our failure, but the better approach is to praise
their patience and loyalty. Thank them for what they did despite your error.
3. When youre comforting someone.
When someone comes to you with bad news, it can be awkward. You want to
be a good friend, but most people dont know what to say. I know Ive felt
that way before.
Often times, we think its a good idea to add a silver lining to the problem.
Well, at least you have
What we fail to realize is that it doesnt matter if you dont know what to say.
All you really need is to be present and thank them for trusting you.
Example: Your co-workers mother passed away recently.
Instead of: At least you have a lot of fond memories to hold onto.
Try saying: Thank you for sharing that with me. I know this is a hard time for
Example: Your brother lost his job.
Instead of: At least you have your health.
Try saying: Thank you for sharing this with me. Im here to support you.
A Scientific Guide on How to Build Good Habits and Break Bad Ones
Where should I send your free guide?
Enter your Email
Send me the guideNo Thanks
Example: Your friends pet just died.
Instead of: At least they had a long and happy life.
Try saying: Thank you for sharing that with me. Im here for you.
In times of suffering, we dont need to hear words to ease the pain as much
as we need someone to share our pain. When you dont know what to say,
just say Thank You and be there.

4. When youre receiving helpful feedback.

Feedback can be very helpful, but we rarely see it that way. Whether it is an
unflattering performance review from your boss or an email from an unhappy
customer, the standard reaction is to get defensive. Thats a shame because
the correct response is to simply say, Thank You and use the information to
Example: This work isnt good enough. I thought you would do better.
Instead of: You dont understand. Heres what really happened.
Try saying: Thank you for expecting more of me.
Example: I bought your product last week and it already broke. I am not
happy with this experience.
Instead of: How did you use it? We made it very clear in our terms and
conditions that the product is not designed to work in certain conditions.
Try saying: Thank you for sharing your thoughts. Please know we are
committed to becoming better. Can you share more details about the issue?
Nobody likes to fail, but failure is just a data point. Respond to helpful
feedback with thanks and use it to become better.
5. When youre receiving unfair criticism.
Sometimes criticism isnt helpful at all. Its just vindictive and mean. Ive
written about how to deal with haters previously, but one of the best
approaches is to just say thank you and move on.
When you thank someone for criticizing you, it immediately neutralizes the
power of their statements. If its not a big deal to you, then it cant grow into
a larger argument.
Example: This might be good advice for beginners, but anyone who knows
what they are doing will find this useless.
Instead of: Well, clearly, I wrote this for beginners. This might be a surprise,
but not everything was written with you in mind.
Try saying: Thank you for sharing your opinion. Ill try to improve next time.
Example: Your statement is the dumbest thing Ive read all week.
Instead of: Youre an idiot. Let me tell you why
Try saying: Thank you for the feedback. I still have a lot to learn.

Releasing the need to win every argument is a sign of maturity. Someone on

the internet said something wrong? So what. Win the argument by the way
you live your life.
6. When someone gives you unsolicited advice.
This shows up a lot in the gym. Everybody has an opinion about what your
technique should look like. I think most people are just trying to be helpful,
but hearing someones opinion about you when you didnt ask for it can be
One time, someone pointed out some flaws in my squat technique in a video
I posted online. I responded by sarcastically asking if he had a video of
himself doing it correctly. Somewhere deep in my mind, I assumed that if I
reminded him that his technique wasnt perfect, then I would feel better
about the fact that mine wasnt perfect either. Thats an unnecessary and
defensive response.
The better approach? Just say Thank You.
Example: You know, you should really keep your hips back when you do that
Instead of: Oh really? Do you have a video of yourself doing it so I can see it
done correctly?
Try saying: Thank you for the help.
Pointing out others faults doesnt remove your own. Thank people for raising
your self-awareness, even if it was unsolicited.
7. When youre not sure if you should thank someone.
When in doubt, just say thank you. There is no downside. Are you honestly
worried about showing too much gratitude to the people in your life?
Should I send a Thank You card in this situation? Yes, you should.
Should I tip him? If you dont, at least say thank you.
Say thank you, more often.

2. Stop Overindulging Your Children

Advice on how to meet all their needs, but not all their wants.
By Jill Rigby
What do your children really need from you? Love, guidance, shelter, food,
clothing, medical care, and an education.

Thats it.
Everything else is a want, a luxury: video games, iPods, cell phones, the
latest fashionwhatever new item their friends have.
Today, far too many parents fall for the nag factor. They know their kids
are bombarded by ads telling them to buy certain products and that many
parents are buying those products for their children. They know the pressure
that comes from their childrens peers, and so they buy their kids far more
stuff than they can even use, all in the hope that their children will fit in
and be accepted by their peers.
According to a recent survey of youth commissioned by the Center for a New
American Dream, the average 12- to 17-year-old who asks a parent for
products will ask nine times until the parents finally give in. For parents of
tweens, the problem is particularly severemore than 10 percent of 12- to
13-year-olds admit to asking their parents more than 50 times for products
theyve seen advertised. Kids have learned if they nag enough for long
enough, parents will give in.
Parents, stop falling for the nag factor.
Refuse to overindulge your kids
Sadly, our self-absorbed society has told parents to help their kids feel good
about themselves, that its the parents duty to make their children happy.
But underneath it all, kids dont need parents who make them happy. They
need parents who will make them capable.
Dr. Connie Dawson, co-author of How Much Is Enough, writes:
When parents give children too much stuff that costs money, do things for
children that they can do for themselves, do not expect children to do
chores, do not have good rules and let children run the family, parents are
Here are some other signs of overindulgence. As you read them, watch for
your weak spot:
1. Giving them things or experiences that are not appropriate for their age or
their interests:
Allowing a 5-year-old to dress like a pop star.
Allowing a 12-year-old to watch an R-rated movie.
Removing curfew from a 16-year-old with a new drivers license.
2. Giving things to meet the adults needs, not the childs:

A mom buying her daughter the trendiest clothes, because Mom believes its
a reflection on her own style.
A dad giving his son the stand out wheels at sixteen, so Dads friendsas
well as his sons friendswill think hes the man.
A parent giving his or her children the best of the best in order to make the
parent look successful.
3. Neglecting to teach children the life skills they need to survive in the
real world beyond their home:
Tying shoes and dressing 4-year-olds who are perfectly capable of dressing
Doing the laundry for teenagers who are more than capable and need to
learn to do it for themselves.
I admit that I slipped into overindulgence in raising my sons in more than one
area. Its important to realize the harm this can do to our children. According
to one study conducted in 2001, children who are overindulged are more
likely to grow up to believe the following:
It is difficult to be happy unless one looks good, is intelligent, rich, and
My happiness depends on most people I know liking me.
If I fail partly, it is as bad as being a total failure.
I cant be happy if I miss out on many of the good things in life.
Being alone leads to unhappiness.
If someone disagrees with me, it probably indicates that the person doesnt
like me.
My happiness depends more on other people than it depends on me.
If I fail at my work, I consider myself a failure as a person.
So, for the sake of your children, stop overindulging them.
Instead, teach them the difference between a need and a want, and then
make them work for their wants. For instance, rather than buying that new
video game for your children, give them two options: Tell them they can
place it on a wish list for a birthday or Christmas present, or they can do
extra duties to earn the money to buy it themselves. If your children are
willing to work for their hearts desire, theyll take better care of it, be more

grateful for it, and think long and hard before turning a want into a need
in the future.
Repairing the damage of overindulgence
Parents, you can begin to remedy the damage done by overindulgence by
doing two things:
1. Help your kids cultivate patience. The truth is parents often prevent their
children from learning patience. Weve gotten just as caught up in our fastfood society as anyone else. Weve forgotten that real life problems arent
solved in 15 minutes, that it takes time to find solutions to everyday
struggles. Were the ones who try to speed things up for our kids.
So dont be so quick to solve your childrens problems for them. A bit of a
struggle is good for them.
2. Give children opportunities to develop responsibility and to feel valuable.
Your children need your help if they are going to learn necessary life skills.
They need you to give them regular chores or duties and to hold them
accountable for taking care of those duties. In so doing, you will help your
children become adults, not just grown-ups.
All children will at times engage in a power struggle when it comes to
carrying out chores or duties. But if parents give in and dont assign ageappropriate duties for their children, their kids will grow up to be
irresponsible, which is heartbreaking for the parent and tragic for the
children. No matter the age of the child, any duties you assign them should
encompass these purposes:
Helping your child learn life skills.
Helping your child become a valuable member of the family.
Helping your child become a valuable member of society.
By giving your children opportunities to help and serve each other within the
family, youre preparing them to take care of themselves and go out and
serve society.
Now that Ive asked you not to overindulge your kids with their wants, I want to encourage
you to overindulge them with love, real love. Love that molds and shapes them into the
young men and women they are meant to become. Patiently help them develop patience,
and with persistence and persuasion give them age-appropriate responsibilities. As you do
these things, youll be preparing their hearts and minds to accept the responsibilities God
has planned for them.

3. Getting to the Heart of Your Childs Behavior

Too many parents focus on changing a child's behavior. More important is

what's going on in the child's heart.
By Tedd Tripp
The Scripture teaches that the heart is the control center for life. A person's
life is a reflection of his heart. Proverbs 4:23 states it like this: "Above all
else, guard your heart, for it is the wellspring of life."
The word picture here is graphic. The heart is a well from which all the issues
of life gush forth. This theme is restated elsewhere in the Bible. The behavior
a person exhibits is an expression of the overflow of the heart.
You could picture it like this. The heart determines behavior. What you say
and do expresses the orientation of your heart. Mark 7:21-22 states: " . . .
from within, out of men's hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality,
theft, murder, adultery, greed, malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander,
arrogance and folly." These evils in action and speech come from within
from the heart.
What your children say and do is a reflection of what is in their hearts. Luke
6:45 corroborates this point:
The good man brings good things out of the good stored up in his heart, and
the evil man brings evil things out of the evil stored up in his heart. For out of
the overflow of his heart his mouth speaks.
These passages are instructive for the task of childrearing. They teach that
behavior is not the basic issue. The basic issue is always what is going on in
the heart. Remember, the heart is the control center of life.
Behavior is determined by the heart
Parents often get sidetracked with behavior. If your goal in discipline is
changed behavior, it is easy to understand why this happens. The thing that
alerts you to your child's need for correction is his behavior. Behavior irritates
and thus calls attention to itself. Behavior becomes your focus. You think you
have corrected when you have changed unacceptable behavior to behavior
you sanction and appreciate.
"What is the problem?" you ask. The problem is this: Your child's needs are
far more profound than his aberrant behavior. Remember, his behavior does
not just spring forth uncaused. His behaviorthe things he says and does
reflects his heart. If you are to really help him, you must be concerned with
the attitudes of heart that drive his behavior.

A change in behavior that does not stem from a change in heart is not
commendable; it is condemnable. Is it not the hypocrisy that Jesus
condemned in the Pharisees? In Matthew 15 Jesus denounces the Pharisees
who have honored Him with their lips while their hearts were far from Him.
Jesus censures them as people who wash the outside of the cup while the
inside is still unclean. Yet this is what we often do in child-rearing. We
demand changed behavior and never address the heart that drives the
What must you do in correction and discipline? You must require proper
behavior. God's law demands that. You cannot, however, be satisfied to leave
the matter there. You must understand, and help your child to understand,
how his straying heart has resulted in wrong behavior. How did his heart
stray to produce this behavior? In what characteristic ways has his inability
or refusal to know, trust, and obey God resulted in actions and speech that
are wrong?
A real-life example
Let's take a familiar example from any home where there are two or more
children. The children are playing and a fight breaks out over a particular toy.
The classic response is "Who had it first?" This response misses heart issues.
"Who had it first?" is an issue of justice. Justice operates in the favor of the
child who was the quicker draw in getting the toy to begin with. If we look at
this situation in terms of the heart, the issues change.
Now you have two offenders. Both children are displaying a hardness of
heart toward the other. Both are being selfish. Both children are saying, "I
don't care about you or your happiness. I am only concerned about myself. I
want this toy. My happiness depends on possessing it. I will have it and be
happy regardless of what that means to you."
In terms of issues of the heart, you have two sinning children. Two children
are preferring themselves before the other. Two children are breaking God's
law. Sure, the circumstances are different. One is taking the toy that the
other has. The other is keeping the advantage. The circumstances are
different, but the heart issue is the same"I want my happiness, even at
your expense."
You see, then, how heart attitudes direct behavior. It is always true. All
behavior is linked to some attitude of the heart. Therefore, discipline must
address attitudes of the heart.
This understanding does marvelous things for discipline. It makes the heart
the issue, not just the behavior. It focuses correction on deeper things than
changed behavior. The point of confrontation is what is occurring in the

heart. Your concern is to unmask your child's sin, helping him to understand
how it reflects a heart that has strayed. That leads to the cross of Christ. It
underscores the need for a Savior. It provides opportunities to show the
glories of God, who sent His Son to change hearts and free people enslaved
to sin.
Shepherding the heart
The heart is the wellspring of life. Therefore, parenting is concerned with
shepherding the heart. You must learn to work from the behavior you see
back to the heart, exposing heart issues for your children. In short, you must
learn to engage them, not just reprove them. Help them to see the ways that
they are trying to slake their souls' thirst with that which cannot satisfy. You
must help your kids gain a clear focus on the cross of Christ.
This proposition will inform everything you do as parents. It will dictate your
goals. It will inform your methods. It will shape your model of how children
I am not offering simple, clever methodology here. I am not promoting a new
three-step plan for trouble-free children. I am not presenting a simple way to
meet their needs so you can get on with your life. I am, however, willing to
explore with you fresh ways of pursuing the training task God has given you.
I offer these things as one who is not new to the task, but who has neither
grown cynical. I am more excited about this job than ever. I am full of hope
and certain that God can enable us to raise from our homes a holy seed for
the church.
I have seen parents shepherding happy, productive children who are alert to
themselves and life. I visited such a home recently. The family was alive and
vibrant. Teenage children were at home, because home was an exciting place
to be. Father and Mother were held in high esteem and sought out for advice.
The Bible and biblical truth blew through every conversationnot with
stifling heat, but like a refreshing life-giving breeze. In this home, five
generations have kept the faith and a sixth is learning that God is the
foundation of life in whose light we see light.
These are things worth striving for. This is a vision worthy of sacrifice.

4. Beyond Abstinence
Challenging your child to the higher goal of purity.
By Dennis and Barbara Rainey

If you were asked, What are you teaching your child about sex and
morality? my guess is that you might say something like, We are teaching
him that he should wait until he is married to begin having sex.
How do you think your teenager will interpret and apply, Wait until
marriage before having sex? Would he answer, Being a virgin on my
wedding night? Or, Everything but intercourse? Or something else?
In this culture, challenging your child with the goal of virginity is excellent.
Off and on since 1971, we have worked with teens and preteens.
And through the process of rearing our own teens, we developed a strong
conviction that virginity is not a high enough goal. Nor is it the ultimate
biblical goal. Unfortunately, studies have found that even our Christian
teenagers are engaging in sexual activities reserved for marriage, yet are
maintaining technical virginity.
This point was underscored during a recent television news report on
churches that are teaching abstinence to their teens. One teenage girl who
was interviewed was adamant about maintaining her virginity until she was
married. Yet in the next breath she mentioned that heavy kissing and petting
were okay as long as she didnt engage in sexual intercourse!
Scripture does not command us to preserve a technical virginity. The Bible
presents a number of pointed principles to ensure that our relationships with
the opposite sex are appropriate and rewarding. The key words underlying
all of them are purity and holiness. Here are several basic passages:
For this is the will of God, your sanctification; that is, that you abstain from
sexual immorality; that each of you know how to possess his own vessel in
sanctification and honor, not in lustful passion, like the Gentiles who do not
know God. For God has not called us for the purpose of impurity, but in
sanctification. (1 Thessalonians 4:35, 7)
Flee immorality. Every other sin that a man commits is outside the body,
but the immoral man sins against his own body. Or do you not know that
your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from
God, and that you are not your own? For you have been bought with a price:
therefore glorify God in your body. (1 Corinthians 6:1820)
Now flee from youthful lusts, and pursue righteousness, faith, love, and
peace, with those who call on the Lord from a pure heart. (2 Timothy 2:22)
The goal of our instruction with our children was not just protecting their
virginity, but helping our children protect their purity and innocence. And
those two God-given gifts are lost long before intercourse when your child
begins to experience the sexual response that God designed for marriage.
Ask yourself a couple of questions that helped us clarify our convictions: Just
how much of sex do you want your child to experience before his marriage
bed? How much of sex do you think God wants your child to participate in
outside of marriage?

Our culture is robbing far too many Christian parents of their standards,
convictions, and courage. As a result, many of our teens are morally
bankrupt of the standards and convictions that will protect and lead them
through the most tempting and vulnerable period of their entire lives.
We must set our sights high and challenge our children to the highest
standard, Gods standard. As parents, dont we want them to arrive at
marriage innocent of evil, pure in their sexuality, and with a healthy view of
marriagenot encumbered by a lot of emotional baggage from sexual
mistakes during the teenage years?
Abstinence is a part of the answer. Its just not the total answer.
Picture a beautiful, exquisitely wrapped package. Inside are the most
delightful, untainted pleasures you can imagine. Now, wouldnt you want to
give that gift to your child? Thats what this gift of innocence is, helping
your child understand who he is as a sexual creature, reflecting the image of
God. Once you make that your goal, it will change the way you think about
how you guide your teenager.
Okay, we can hear a parent saying at this point, But, Barbara, Dennis, you
are talking about something that is so far above where our children are right
now. Im not sure we can get there! Our response? Its better to have the
highest goal and fail, than to set a low goal and succeed.
Modeling purity
No matter what you teach your child, your model of purity will go farthest in
protecting your child. He needs to see a commitment to purity in your life.
If there is anything that can disqualify a parent from being able to talk to a
son or daughter about sex, it is being presently involved in sexual sin,
sexual addiction, an aff air, or an aff air of the heart.
If any of these issues are ongoing in your life and you have not repented,
your sin is not just personal; it will have an impact on your children, your
grandchildren, and beyond. Repent and have your conscience cleansed by
the forgiveness of Jesus Christ.
At this point we can hear you saying, Barbara, Dennis, are you suggesting a
return to the Victorian era? No. But we feel its past time for parents to
reject passivity in this area and to get actively involved in helping their
preteens and teenagers stay as far from danger as possible. The stakes are
too high to sit quietly on the sidelines.
As parents, we have been duped into thinking, There is nothing we can do.
Teens cant control themselves. We cant help them. They dont want our
help. Peer pressure is too strong. Its their decision to make, and we
shouldnt interfere. Is that propaganda true? No! With Gods guidance and
grace this is a winnable war! You can do it!.

5. Disciplining Your Children Without Losing Your Cool

Six guidelines for controlling your emotions while verbally correcting your
by Ginger Plowman
I can relate to the frustrations of parenting little ones all day. Been there,
done that! I also know how easy it is for mom to lose her cool. I was really
struggling one day in particular when my children were younger. Feeling
guilty for the harsh words and not-so-sweet tone of voice I had used all day,
I decided to write down some guidelines that would enable me to keep
myself in check. Perhaps you might benefit from them as well:Guideline #1:
Examine your motives. Am I doing this because my will has been violated or
Gods will has been violated? Am I correcting my child because he has
sinned against God or because his behavior has caused me some personal
discomfort, embarrassment, or trouble?Our children can sense when they
are being violated by impure motives, and God knows the motives of our
hearts. If our motive is sinful, we will give reproof in a sinful way and our
children will view it as a personal attack or an act of vengeance. This may
result in them becoming angry rather than repentant. Pray through your
motives before you reprove your child if you feel that they are in
question.For example, nothing irritates me more than when I am talking to
an adult and one of my children interrupts our conversation. However, if I
am motivated by sinful anger, I will sin against God and my child when I
administer a reproof. My motive should not he revenge because I am
irritated or inconvenienced. My motive should be to drive out the rudeness
and inconsiderate disrespect from the heart of my child.If my motive is sinful
I might say, I cant believe you are so inconsiderate. I am trying to talk to
her and you are acting so ugly! But if my motive is righteous rather than
selfi sh I might say, Honey, do you think it is kind or rude for you to
interrupt Mama while she was talking to someone? Are you thinking about
others or yourself when you interrupt? What could you have done rather
than interrupting? Always remember to apply Galatians 6:1 when reproving
your child: Brothers, if someone is caught in sin, you who are spiritual
should restore him gently (Emphasis added).Also, remember that we are to
provide our children with a means of escape rather than just rebuking them
for wrong. No temptation has seized you except what is common to man.
And God is faithful; he will not let you be tempted beyond what you can
bear. But when you are tempted, he will also provide a way out so that you
can stand up under it. (1 Cor. 10:13) Children often feel the sudden urge to
communicate something to Mom while she is speaking with someone else. To
prevent rude interruptions, our children are required to place their hand on
me and wait for me to give them permission to speak. This way, they are not
exasperated. After all, when two mommies are talking it can seem like an
eternity before theres a pause in the conversation. This can seem
unbearable to a small child.When my children place their hand on my arm
(or wherever) they are letting me know in a way that shows respect for me
and the other person, Mom, I need to say something but I dont want to be
rude. I will usually place my hand on top of theirs to communicate, I know

you need something, and Ill ask you as soon is there is a pause in
conversation. As soon as it is convenient, I will give them permission to
talk. This is providing them with a means of escape. Teaching them to put
their hand on you rather than interrupting is not a biblical mandate. It is a
tool, used to prevent exasperation.
Guideline #2: Examine your life. Have I provoked my child in some way?
What is my example? How do I act when things dont go my way? Have I led
my child into sin by failing to teach him? By failing to provide him with a
means of escape? By failing to train him in what is right? Have I given my
child more freedom than he can handle? We should apply the biblical
admonition: You hypocrite, first take the plank out of your own eye, and
then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brothers eye.
(Matt. 7:5)
Guideline #3: Choose the right time and place. Do not embarrass your child.
He will be more attentive to your instructions if he is not embarrassed
because of being reproved in front of his friends. When you reprove your
child in front of others, you take his focus off of the sin in his heart and onto
the embarrassment and humiliation that you have unnecessarily caused him.
Your goal is not to embarrass him but to bring him to repentance.
Occasionally it may be necessary to reprove your child in front of others but
most of the time, if others are around, it would be better to take the child
into another room or quietly instruct him in his ear. Jesus taught us, If your
brother sins go and reprove him in private; if he listens to you, you have
won your brother (Matt. 18:15).
Guideline #4: Choose the right words. Be careful not to replace Gods
wisdom with mans wisdom. Rather than using worldly terminology, use
biblical terminology. For example, when speaking to your child, dont
You are being disrespectful with You are acting ugly.
Telling a lie with Telling a fib.
Being foolish with Being stubborn.
Being disobedient with Being strong-willed.
Use biblical terminology when you can because it is the power of Gods
words and Gods wisdom that will truly penetrate the hearts of your children.
Hebrews 4:12 explains this power clearly: The Word of God is living and
active; sharper than a double-edged sword; it penetrates even to dividing
soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of
the heart.
Guideline #5: Choose the right tone of voice. Make a conscious eff ort not to
scold your child. You are ready to reprove your child biblically when you can
speak to him in a normal tone of voice and with carefully measured words:
The heart of the righteous weighs its answers but the mouth of the wicked

gushes evil (Prov. 15:28). Back in 1891, H. Clay Trumbull wrote about the
dangers of scolding:
Scolding is, in fact, never in order, in dealing with a child, or any other duty
in life. To scold is to assail or revile with boisterous speech. Scolding is
always an expression of a bad spirit and of a loss of temper.
If a child has done wrong, a child needs talking to; but no parent ought to
talk to a child while that parent is unable to talk in a natural tone of voice,
and with carefully measured words. If the parent is tempted to speak
rapidly, or to multiply words without stopping to weigh them, or to show an
excited state of feeling, the parents first duty is to gain entire self-control.
Until that control is secured, there is no use of the parents trying to attempt
any measure of child training.

Allow me to illustrate the diff erence between scolding and biblically

reproving. It was a cold day in February. My children asked if they could go
outside to play. I gave them permission to go out but only after they had put
on their coats and shoes.

Now, you have to understand that my daughter, Alex, absolutely delights in

being barefooted. As she whizzed by, I confirmed my orders by repeating,
Dont forget to put on your shoes.

Twenty minutes passed. Then, as I was taking out the trash, what should I
find but Alex, running around on bare feet that had turned a bluish purple
color. As if that wasnt enough to light my fire, her new pants were a little
too long for her legs so without her shoes she stepped on them. After
grinding the bottom of her pants into the concrete for twenty minutes, she
now had two holes in them. It may have been cold outside, but the heat
building up in Mama at that moment could have warmed the entire
neighborhood.Alex had directly disobeyed me. There are two ways that I
could respond:I could scold her. I could harshly say, Alex, I TOLD you to put
your shoes on! Now your feet are HALF FROZEN and just LOOK at what you
have done to your pants! (With hands on hips and finger wagging frantically)
YOUR DADDY works so hard to buy you these clothes, and THIS is how you
show your appreciation! You just see how fast you can get your tail in your
room! You are getting a major spanking, young lady!I could biblically
reprove her in love. I can gently say, Alex, Honey, I told you to put on your
shoes before you went out. Have you obeyed or disobeyed Mama? After she
verbalizes that she has disobeyed, I can come back with, Well, Sweetheart,
God says that children are to obey their parents. Mama loves you too much
to allow you to disobey. Now, go to your room and Ill be in there in just a
minute.To which response do you think she will be more receptive? Which
one shows unconditional love and careful instruction? Which one will she

learn from without being provoked to anger? Remember that scolding is an

angry response. A gentle answer turns away wrath but a harsh word stirs up
anger. (Prov. 15:1) If you struggle with your tone, as I do, rather than
reproving your child in a normal tone of voice you can even try and soften
your voice a little when you are giving a reproof. When I am in the habit of
making a conscious eff ort to instruct my children in a softer voice than I
normally use, it helps me to have self-control.
Guideline #6: Be prepared to suggest a biblical solution. This is what we
talked about earlier. We can tell our children what to put off (sinfulness) but
we must remember that it is even more important to tell them what to put
on (righteousness), to train them in how to replace that wrong behavior with
right behavior, and to then have them actually exercise what they have
learned. The Bible describes it this way:You were taught, with regard to
your former way of life, to put off your old self, which is being corrupted by
its deceitful desires; to be made new in the attitude of your minds; and to
put on the new self, created to be like God in true righteousness and
holiness. (Eph. 4:2223)By verbally correcting our children in
righteousness using Gods Word, we are preparing them to govern their own
actions and enabling them to discern matters of their own hearts. We want
them to heed our instructions so that they can learn how to discern what is


By Stuart Fox May 7, 2009
Clearly the CDC didn't get the memo from the pork industry about
not calling it "swine flu" anymore...
So, despite some media hysteria last week, it looks like the swine
flu won't be the death of us all. However, that does not mean the
virus has stopped spreading, or that it won't reach pandemic
levels and possibly cause significant economic damage.
The Wall Street Journal took a look at some those possible
economic consequences, in particular the effect the outbreak
might have on vaccine manufacturers. The article notes: "The
Obama administration is weeks away from a critical decision on
whether to trigger mass production of swine-flu vaccine, which
could affect the bottom lines of big vaccine makers as well as
public health."

In this case, overreaction could cost taxpayers hundreds of

millions of dollars, while underreaction could cost the vaccine
companies dearly and negatively impact public health. As Ross
Hammond, a flu researcher at the Brookings Institute told PopSci,
"Underreaction is dangerous because it interferes with the timing
of deploying sufficient measures to prevent the pandemic from
getting out of control. Overreaction is bad because it can lead to
gridlock, unnecessary confusion, and unnecessary economic
consequences." With under- and overreaction so bad, let's hope
the government manages to hit the sweet spot of "reaction."
The Associated Press has two slightly dire stores. The first shows
that the swine flu has moved to the next level in the U.S., with 90
percent of flu victims receiving the infection in the U.S. rather
than during time spent in Mexico. The second AP story quotes a
World Health Organization official as saying this virus may infect
as many as two billion people.
However, that official does say, "I don't think the two billion figure
should scare people because it's not as though two billion people
are going to die. The prediction from WHO is that two billion
people might catch it. Half of those people won't show any
symptoms. Or if they show any symptoms, they will be so mild
they will hardly know they've had it." Meaning there is really no
reason to start stocking canned goods.
But if you were going to stock canned goods, Serious Eats wants
to know what would be on your list of foods to horde during the
viral meltdown. Personally, I would save up on bacon, brisket,
sourdough bread, Three Floyds brewery beer and DVDs of the The
Wire. Yeah, I know that last one isn't food, but man cannot live on
bread alone.
And lastly, from Reuters reports that the U.S. Navy has had to
cancel operations as a result of the flu. The USS Dubuque had to
forgo a humanitarian mission when 403 of its 420 sailors and 900
marines came down with H1N1 swine flu infections.


By Sandeep Ravindran September 4, 2009
Brain Trauma MRI
Scientists have developed a gel that helps brains recover from
traumatic injuries. It has the potential to treat head injuries
suffered in combat, car accidents, falls, or gunshot wounds.
Developed by Dr. Ning Zhang at Clemson University in South
Carolina, the gel is injected in liquid form at the site of injury and
stimulates the growth of stem cells there.
Brain injuries are particularly hard to repair, since injured tissues
swell up and can cause additional damage to the cells. So far,
treatments have tried to limit this secondary damage by lowering
the temperature or relieving the pressure at the site of injury.
However, these techniques are often not very effective.
More recently, scientists have considered transplanting donor
brain cells into the wound to repair damaged tissue. This method
has so far had limited results when treating brain injuries. The
donor cells often fail to grow or stimulate repair at the injury site,
possibly because of the inflammation and scarring present there.
The injury site also typically has very limited blood supply and
connective tissue, which might prevent donor cells from getting
the nutrients they require.
Dr. Zhang's gel, however, can be loaded with different chemicals
to stimulate various biological processes at the site of injury. In
previous research done on rats, she was able to use the gel to
help re-establish full blood supply at the site of brain injury. This
could help create a better environment for donor cells.
In a follow-up study, Dr. Zhang loaded the gel with immature stem
cells, as well as the chemicals they needed to develop into fullfledged adult brain cells. When rats with severe brain injuries
were treated with this mixture for eight weeks, they showed signs
of significant recovery.

The new gel could treat patients at varying stages following

injury, and is expected to be ready for testing in humans in about
three years.


By M. Farbman May 27, 2009
All pet owners will happily explain to you their dog or cat's character traits -probably in far more detail than you ever wanted to know. But the idea of
animal personality is not one that's been formally studied all that much.
A new study has classed a species of bird into groups of more and less
aggressive males. Researchers gauged the response of male collared
flycatchers to female birds, to a strange object, and to other males. They
found that each type of individual displayed consistent behavior in each of
these situations.
Stefan Wehr (GNU Free Documentation License)
Collared Flycatcher
However, they also found that the birds more likely to take risks also were
the ones most likely to be trapped -- and thus studied further -- raising
important questions about the skewed sample set presented when
researchers base their findings on animals caught in traps. It's kind of like
when talk show hosts say "95 percent of 13-year olds (who responded to our
online survey) are smoking pot!!!" -- leaving out the part about it really being
95 percent of the particular 20 teenagers who felt like responding to our
By Laura Allen May 7, 2009
Investigators at the University of Michigan's Institute for Social Research
have unequivocally demonstrated that our parents often get on our nerves -and we on theirs. "The parent-child relationship is one of the longest-lasting
social ties human beings establish," said Kira Birditt, the study's lead. "This

tie is often highly positive and supportive but it also commonly includes
feelings of irritation, tension and ambivalence."
Unsurprisingly, the survey of nearly 500 American parents and their age-22and-older offspring revealed that the touchiest issues were "lifestyle
choices": whom we date, our money habits, our housekeeping savvy. Parents
reported more tensions with daughters than sons. And daughters and sons
noted more issues with Mom than Dad. Birditt suggests that this is because
women tend to pursue more intimate relationships with more frequent
contact -- thus more opportunity for things to get ugly.

Overall, the study showed that the parents, not the children, felt more upset
by these tussles. And why not? Mom calls with sage advice. We shunt her to
voicemail. She phones back the next day, and guilt compels us to answer.
Just about to call you! Can we reschedule for 8:30? Sorry, must run! How
The Michigan study also found that parents get more prickly as we age. This
trend came as a surprise to Birditt -- but I suspect it's a familiar feeling to
many of us with aging parents. Their dependence is increasing. Our lives,
though, become more filled with people that depend on us, leaving us to
carefully juggle our attentions.
What to do? Voicemail and other avoidance tactics will get you nowhere,
says Burditt. Her other research efforts are showing that tackling issues as
they come up leads to smoother relationships. Sure, sure -- sounds logical.
But caller ID is so much easier.
By Jeremy Hsu May 6, 2009
eBay may turn household junk into online treasure, but archaeologists held
their breaths in horrified anticipation when the site first launched over a
decade ago thinking that the illegal artifacts market would surely explode in
a frenzy of looting.Now the same archaeologists conclude that the online
auction site has had a very different impact on their field. Looting ancient
sites turns out to be less profitable than just churning out the fakes and
hawking them on eBay."For most of us, the Web has forever distorted the
antiquities trafficking market in a positive way," said Charles "Chip" Stanish,
an archaeologist at UCLA and an international expert on Andean

archaeology.If that didn't quite compute, consider the numbers. Stanish first
found about a 50-50 ratio of real artifacts to fakes when he began tracking
eBay's stock of antiquities related to his field. The fake relics jumped to 95 percent of the
online inventory just five years later and now their quality has improved so much that even Stanish
has a hard time telling them apart from the real goods.It sounds like a pain, but archaeologists
consider it a blessing. Whole villages in certain parts of the world have gone from treasure hunting to
manufacturing knockoffs. The resulting flood of copies has actually increased risks of buying genuine
artifacts and lowered overall prices, further discouraging the casual looter.Stanish visited workshops in
Peru and Bolivia to talk with artisans about how they reproduce pottery, and also tracked eBay listings
of antiquities originating from a variety of other places."Chinese, Bulgarian, Egyptian, Peruvian and
Mexican workshops are now producing fakes at a frenetic pace," Stanish wrote in a paper that's
detailed in the May/June issue of Archaeology.Two issues hover on the horizon. First, fakes have
become so technologically sophisticated that authentication has become a minefield, even for experts.
Stanish suspects that thirty percent of eBay's "antiquities" are obvious fakes, and a mere five percent
are genuine. That leaves the rest in the 'ambiguous' category, where even Stanish admits to being
duped on occasion in shops that sell both looted and fake items.
Second, authentication technology will eventually catch up, just as it has helped protect real currency
and identify art forgeries. That could leave prospective artifact collectors very unhappy to discover
that their purportedly genuine pieces are less-than-historical which leads to the dampening of buyer
As Stanish asked, "Who wants to spend $50,000 on an object 'guaranteed' to be ancient by today's
standards, when someone can come along in five years with a new technology that definitively proves
it to be a fake?"

History of Badminton
The history of the development of modern badminton is a very long and
complex one. Below is a brief account of the history of the game.
Origins of the Game
The sport of badminton has its origins in ancient civilisations in Europe and
Asia. The ancient game known as battledore (bat or paddle) and shuttlecock
probably originated more than 2000 years ago.In the 1600s Battledore and
Shuttlecock was an upper class pastime in England and many European
countries. Battledore and Shuttlecock was simply two people hitting a
shuttlecock backwards and forwards with a simple bat as many times as they
could without allowing it to hit the ground.
Contemporary Badminton
A contemporary form of badminton - a game called Poon, was played in
India in the 1800s where a net was introduced and players hit the
shuttlecock across the net. British officers in the mid 1800s took this game
back to England and it was introduced as a game for the guests of the Duke
of Beaufort at his stately home Badminton in Gloucestershire, England
where it became popular.In March 1898, the first Open Tournament was held
at Guildford the first 'All England' Championships were held the following

year. Denmark, the USA and Canada became ardent followers of the game
during the 1930s.
IBF Established in 1934
Then in 1934, the International Badminton Federation was formed, with the
initial members including England, Wales, Ireland, Scotland, Denmark,
Holland, Canada, New Zealand and France, with India joining as an affiliate in
1936.The first major IBF tournament was the Thomas Cup (world men's team
championships) in 1948. Since then, the number of world events has
increased with the addition of the Uber Cup (womens team), World
Championships (individual events), Sudirman Cup (mixed team), World Junior
Championships and the World Grand Prix Finals.
Commonwealth Games Sport - 1966
Badminton was introduced as a Commonwealth Games program sport in
Kingston Jamaica in 1966 and has been part of every Commonwealth Games
program since then. Initially all five disciplines were included singles (men,
women), doubles (men, women) and mixed doubles with the Teams Event
included in the program in later Commonwealth Games.
Olympic Games Sport - 1992
Badminton is a relatively new Olympic Games sport. After being a
demonstration sport in Munich in 1972, badminton became an Olympic sport
in Barcelona in 1992 with the singles and doubles disciplines introduced for
the first time in the Olympic Games. In Atlanta in 1996, a mixed doubles
event was included and this is the only mixed doubles event in all of the
Olympic sports.The following countries have won medals in badminton at an
Olympic Games since its introduction in 1992 - China, Denmark, India,
Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia and Russia.
Susi Susanti from Indonesia won the womens singles in Barcelona, becoming
Indonesias first medallist in the 40 years Indonesia had competed at the
Games. In the same Olympic Games, Alan Budi Kusama won Indonesias
second gold medal in the mens badminton singles.

Characteristics of Badminton
Badminton is a racket sport for two or four people with a temporal structure
characterized by actions of short duration and high intensity. This sport has
five events: mens and womens singles, mens and womens doubles, and
mixed doubles, each requiring specific preparation in terms of technique,
control and physical fitness. Badminton is one of the most popular sports in
the world with 200 million adherents. The decision to include badminton in
the 1992 Olympics Game increased participation in the game. This review

focuses on the game characteristics, anthropometry, physiology, visual

attributes and biomechanics of badminton. Players are generally tall, lean
with an ecto-mesomorphic body type suited to the high physiological
demands of a match. Indeed, a typical match characteristic is a rally time of
7s, a resting time of 15s, with an effective playing time of 31%. This sport is
highly demanding, with an average heart rate of over 90% of the players
maximal heart rate. The intermittent actions during a game are demanding
on both the aerobic and anaerobic systems: 60-70% on the aerobic system
and about 30% on the anaerobic system, with greater demand on the alactic
metabolism with respect to the lactic anaerobic metabolism. The shuttlecock
has an atypical trajectory and the players perform specific movements such
as lunging and jumping, and powerful strokes using a specific pattern of
movement. Lastly, badminton players are visually fit, picking up accurate
visual information in a short time. Knowledge of badminton can help to
improve coaching and badminton skills.

Terminologies of Badminton
Alley - side-extension of the court by l feet on both sides that is used for
doubles play.
Back Alley - Area between the back boundary line and the long service line
for doubles.
Backcourt - the back third of the court, in the area of the back boundary
Baseline - Back boundary line at each end of the court, that runs parallel to
the net.
Bird or birdie - another name for the shuttlecock
Carry - An illegal tactic, also called a sling or throw, in which the shuttle is
caught and held on the racket and then slung during the execution of a
Center Line - Line perpendicular to the net that separates the left and right
service courts.
Clear - A shot hit deep to the opponents back court.
Court - Area of play, as defined by the outer boundary lines.
Drive - A fast and low shot that makes a horizontal flight over the net.
Drop - A shot hit sohly and with finesse to fall rapidly and close to the net on
the opponents side.

Fault - A violation of the playing rules, either in serving, receiving, or during

play (see common faults listed below).
Flick - A quick wrist and forearm rotation that surprises an opponent by
changing an apparently soft shot into a faster passing one; used primarily on
the serve and at the net.
Forecourt - Front third of the court, between the net and the short service
Hairpin Net Shot - Shot made from below and very close to the net with the
shuttle rising, just clearing the net, and then dropping sharply down the
other side. The shuttles flight approximates the shape of a hairpin.
Halfcourt Shot - A shot hit low and to midcourt, used effectively in doubles
against the up-and-back formation.
Kill - Fast, downward shot that cannot be returned; a "putaway."
Let - A legitimate cessation of play to allow a rally to be replayed.
Long Service Line - In singles, the back boundary line. In doubles a line 2 l/2
feet inside the back boundary line. The serve may not go past this line.
Match - A series of games (at U.S. Olympic Festival-93 it is three out of five),
to determine a winner. Midcourt - The middle third of the court, halfway
between the net and the back boundary line.
Net Shot - Shot hit from the forecourt that just clears the net and drops
Push Shot - Gentle shot played by pushing the shuttle with little wrist motion,
usually from net or midcourt to the opponents midcourt.
Racket - Instrument used by playerto hit shuttlecock Weight:About3 ounces.
Length: 27 inches. Made of: Ceramic, graphite, or boron frame; beef-gut
string. Cost: $60-$175 (unstrung).
Rally this occurs when the players hit the bird back and forth several times
before one side scores a point
Serve or Service players put the shuttlecock into play for points by
serving it to opponents, hitting it over the net into a special part of the
court near their opponent
Service Court - Area into which the serve must be delivered. Different for
singles and doubles play.
Short Service Line - The line 6 l/2 feet from the net which a serve must reach
to be legal.

Shuttlecock - thje name for the object that players hit, made of a ball of cork
or rubber with a crown of feathers in an open conical shape.
Smash when a shuttle is floated high into the air, a player has time to
unleash a powerful overhand shot straight to the floor of the opposing court
Wood Shot - Shot that results when the base of the shuttle is hit by the frame
of the racket. Once illegal, this shot was ruled acceptable by the International
Badminton Federation in 1963.

Footwork in Badminton
Footwork is about movement skills. While its obvious that racket skills are
important in badminton, many players underestimate the importance of
good movement skills.
The importance of footwork
Badminton is a fast game; you have little time to respond after each shot. A
seconds delay often turns a winning situation into a losing one.
Reaching the shuttle early
Good footwork will help you to reach the shuttlecock early. This is desirable
in all situations.
You should play your shots from the highest point you can. Dont allow the
shuttlecock to drop! Playing the shuttlecock from the highest point gives you
options to hit downwards. You dont necessarily have to use those options
every time, but the mere threat of downwards shots gives your opponents a
lot more to worry about.
At the front of the court, taking the shuttlecock early has an especially
dramatic effect. If you reach it early, you can often play a net kill and end the
rally at once; but if you delay even a second, then you will lose the option to
play a net kill, as the shuttlecock drops below net height. You can still play a
net shot, but thats not as good as a kill.
At the back of the court, you want to hit the shuttlecock overhead at full
relaxed reach. Reach upwards! Allowing the shuttlecock to drop here is fatal!
You will be forced to play a weak shot; when the shuttlecock is below net
height, most players struggle to play a good-length clear, and obviously a
smash is impossible.
Its also much better to get behind the shuttlecock at the back of the court.
This gives you a more threatening smash, and makes all your overhead shots
easier. If you are slow to move backwards, then you may be forced to hit the
shuttlecock from behind your body. Its still possible to play smashes, clears,

and drops; but its much more difficult, and your smashes will be less
Hitting from a balanced position
Good footwork helps you remain balanced while you hit the shuttlecock.
Staying balanced affords you the best control of your shot, because you do
not need to correct for body movement.
If you are unbalanced, then its much harder to control your hitting action.
You have to compensate for your body motion; the greater your body motion,
the harder it is to compensate. Body movement is like wind: its a distraction
from your precise control of the shuttlecock.
Quicker recovery for the next shot
Its not much good retrieving only one shot. You need to get ready for the
next one.
Good footwork will help you recover into a position to cover the next shot. If
you are slow to recover, however, then your opponent will inevitably gain an
advantage. Even a slight delay can be exploited, because it can be
compounded: if your opponent plays intelligently, you will find yourself even
farther out of position on the next shot.
Prevention of injuries
Poor footwork often leads to injuries. Many of these can be prevented with
only a few minutes instruction in safe footwork.

Preparatory Stands
Your ready position is the stance and position that you want to reach before
your opponent hits the shuttlecock.
Its called the ready position because it helps you get ready for the next shot.
Your actual position on court will vary a lot depending on whether you are
playing singles or doubles, and also depending on the circumstances during
the rally.
(For the basic positions in doubles, read about doubles positioning.)
Although there are many variations, its still good to learn a basic ready
position. Once you understand these basic ideas, you can adapt the ready
position for different situations.
Elements of the ready position

You should be ready with a somewhat wide stance: your feet a little more
than shoulder-width apart. You cannot simply stand there, feet together, as
though waiting for a bus!

Your weight should be lowered a little, with your knees slightly bent. Your
weight should be shifted forwards a little, so that you are on the balls of your
This does not mean that you should be perched uncomfortably on your
tiptoes, leaning forwards so much that you almost fall over! Rather, you need
to lean forwards just enough to take the weight off your heels. Failure to do
this will leave you flat footed.
Your right foot should be slightly ahead of your left footonly about half a
foot length ahead. This position is effective for covering all four corners of
the court (Ill explain why later when we look at singles footwork).
Racket carriage
Your badminton racket position varies a lot depending on the situation.
It should never be left to dangle near your ankles, however. Bring your racket
up! Your racket should be held out in front of you, and away from your body.
Typically you will hold it about waist height; but youll hold it higher when
attacking and lower when defending.
Your left arm
Dont forget that you have two arms! Although your left arm does not hit the
shuttlecock, it affects your balance a great deal.
Your left arm should be used to balance your right arm and racket. In the
ready position, this generally means holding it in front of your body and
slightly out to the side.
Never leave your left arm dangling at your side!

Definition of badminton
a game played on a rectangular court by two players or two pairs ofplayers equi
pped with light rackets used to volley a shuttlecock over ahigh net that divides t
he court in half.

Hands signal of Badminton

In any sports that we see today, participants and game supervisors use hand
signals to communicate with each other, regulate the game and keep track of

scores. The same is followed in badminton, which we may name as badminton hand

In this era of globalization, it is often difficult to communicate verbally during a

game, particularly by the game supervisors. It is because the players' attention is
primarily riveted to the game.
Moreover the players come from different parts of the world. Some of them may not
know the language used and others may have difficulty in following the accent,
even if they know the language. Above all, when the crowd is excited, it is often
difficult to adjust scores and manage the game properly if verbal communication
alone is used to regulate the game and keep track of scores.
Badminton hand signals are used precisely to overcome this difficulty. In badminton,
besides participating players, there is a Referee who is in overall charge of the
game, an Umpire, a service judge and a line judge. All these people use badminton
hand signals to regulate the game.
Hand signals followed by the umpires are Raising his right hand straight above his head. When misconduct sufficient enough
to apply rule 16.8 is reported about a player or the umpire witnesses it, he should
call the player. He should do the above hand signal and say,"......................(player's
name), warning for misconduct"
The service judges are responsible for monitoring whether a player serves correctly
as per rules. Hand signals followed by the service judges are Raising the right arm in front slightly, flexing the elbow and keeping the palm
vertically facing the opposite direction. It is done to indicate that the shaft of the
racket when hitting the shuttle was not below the level of the wrist holding the
racket and/or the shaft of the racket was not facing downwards when hitting the
shuttle during serving.
Keeping the palm horizontally facing downwards at the level of the abdomen,
followed by moving it to the left and right below the level of waist. It is done to
convey that the shuttle, as a whole was not under the level of the waist while it was
struck during serving.
Extending the right leg and pointing the hand towards the foot. It is done to indicate
that one or both feet were not in the service court or remains constant till the serve
was completed.
Resting the palm of the right hand on right side of the abdomen, keeping the palm
facing the left side of the body, with fingers pointing downwards and pointing the
fingers of the left hand to the palm of the right hand with the palm of the left hand

facing the abdomen. It is done to show that the first point of contact with the shuttle
was not the base of the shuttle.
Hand signals shown by line judges include Extending both hands horizontally to the sides of the body. It is to indicate the
shuttle landed outside.
Pointing the hand to the line. To show that the shuttle has fallen inside correctly.
Closing both eyes with hands. To convey to the umpire that you are not sure where
the shuttle landed.

Officials and their functions

There are three types of officials in badminton: line judges, who
judge all line calls during a match; umpires, who are the head
official during a particular match; and referees, who oversee all
judgments made on the court during a tournament and to whom
the umpires and line judges directly report. Referees also set the
schedule of play and practices as well as the condition of the
The officiating committee in the game of badminton consists of an
umpire, a service judge and 10 line judges. The umpire is
responsible for enforcing rules of the game and may overrule
decisions made by the service judge and line judges in the event
of an obvious error. CONTINUE READING
The umpire is positioned in a high seat at the extended net line,
enabling him to detect player faults around the net and contact
The service judge sits at the side of the net opposite the umpire.
A lower seat places the service judge's eyes at the waist level of
the players to spot service faults effectively.
The 10 line judges surround the perimeter of the court to make in
and out calls within their designated territories. Each line judge

uses badminton sign language to communicate his respective